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Versions: 00 01 02 03 04 05 06

Network Working Group                                          B. Claise
Internet-Draft                                                 J. Clarke
Updates: 7950 (if approved)                          Cisco Systems, Inc.
Intended status: Standards Track                              B. Lengyel
Expires: January 3, 2019                                        Ericsson
                                                              K. D'Souza
                                                                    AT&T
                                                            July 2, 2018


                    New YANG Module Update Procedure
                draft-clacla-netmod-yang-model-update-06

Abstract

   This document specifies a new YANG module update procedure in case of
   backward-incompatible changes, as an alternative proposal to the YANG
   1.1 specifications.  This document updates RFC 7950.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on January 3, 2019.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of



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   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  The Solution  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
     2.1.  Semantic Versioning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
       2.1.1.  Semantic Versioning, As Set by the YANG Module
               Designer  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
       2.1.2.  The Derived Semantic Version  . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
       2.1.3.  Implementation Experience . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     2.2.  Import by Semantic Version  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     2.3.  Updates to YANG 1.1 Module Update Rules . . . . . . . . .   9
     2.4.  Updates to ietf-yang-library  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     2.5.  Deprecated and Obsolete Reasons . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   3.  Semantic Version Extension YANG Module  . . . . . . . . . . .  11
   4.  Contributors  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     6.1.  YANG Module Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   7.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     7.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     7.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
   Appendix A.  Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     A.1.  Open Issues: Requirements to be Addressed . . . . . . . .  17
     A.2.  Open Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18

1.  Introduction

   This document puts forth a solution to the problems described in
   [I-D.verdt-netmod-yang-versioning-reqs] by proposing changes to
   [RFC7950] to address the various requirements that
   [I-D.verdt-netmod-yang-versioning-reqs] specifies.  At this time, the
   solution herein addresses requirements 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 2.1, 4.1, 4.2,
   4.3, 5.1, and 5.2.  Current gaps are documented in Appendix A.1
   below.

2.  The Solution

   The solution is composed of five parts:

   1.  A semantic versioning YANG extension, along with an optional
       additional check that validates the semantic versioning from a
       syntactic point of view, which can either assist in determining
       the correct semantic versioning value, or which can help in




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       determining the values for YANG modules that do not support this
       extension.

   2.  An import by semantic version statement

   3.  Updates to the YANG 1.1 module update rules

   4.  Updates to ietf-yang-library

   5.  An introduction of deprecated and obsolote reason clauses

2.1.  Semantic Versioning

2.1.1.  Semantic Versioning, As Set by the YANG Module Designer

   The semantic versioning solution proposed here has already been
   proposed in [I-D.openconfig-netmod-model-catalog] (included here with
   the authors' permission) which itself is based on [openconfigsemver].
   The goal is to indicate the YANG module backward (in)compatibility,
   following semver.org semantic versioning [semver]:

   "The SEMVER version number for the module is introduced.  This is
   expressed as a semantic version number of the form: x.y.z

   o  x is the MAJOR version.  It is incremented when the new version of
      the specification is incompatible with previous versions.

   o  y is the MINOR version.  It is incremented when new functionality
      is added in a manner that is backward-compatible with previous
      versions.

   o  z is the PATCH version.  It is incremented when bug fixes are made
      in a backward-compatible manner."

   The semantic version value is set by the YANG module developer at the
   design and implementation times.  Along these lines, we propose the
   following YANG 1.1 extension for a more generic semantic version.
   The formal definition is found at the end of this document.  This
   semantic version extension and the text below address requirements
   1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 5.1 and 5.2 of
   [I-D.verdt-netmod-yang-versioning-reqs].

           extension module-version {
               argument semver;
           }

   The extension would typically be used this way:




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       module yang-module-name {

         namespace "name-space";
         prefix "prefix-name";

         import ietf-semver { prefix "semver"; }

         description
           "to be completed";


         revision 2017-10-30 {
           description
             "Change the module structure";
           semver:module-version "2.0.0";
         }

         revision 2017-07-30 {
           description
             "Added new feature XXX";
           semver:module-version "1.2.0";
         }

         revision 2017-04-03 {
           description
             "Update copyright notice.";
           semver:module-version "1.0.1";
         }

         revision 2017-04-03 {
           description
             "First release version.";
           semver:module-version "1.0.0";
         }

         revision 2017-01-26 {
           description
             "Initial module for inet types";
           semver:module-version "0.1.0";
         }


         //YANG module definition starts here

   See also "Semantic Versioning and Structure for IETF Specifications"
   [I-D.claise-semver] for a mechanism to combine the semantic
   versioning, the GitHub tools, and a potential change to the IETF
   process.



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2.1.2.  The Derived Semantic Version

   If an explicitly defined semantic version is not available in the
   YANG module, it is possible to algoritmically calculate a derived
   semantic version.  This can be used for modules not containing a
   definitive semantic-version as defined in this document or as a
   starting value when specifying the definitive semantic-version.  Be
   aware that this algorithm may sometimes incorrectly classify changes
   between the categories non-compatible, compatible or error-
   correction.

2.1.3.  Implementation Experience

   [yangcatalog] uses the pyang utility to calculate the derived-
   semantic-version for all of the modules contained within the catalog.
   [yangcatalog] contains many revisions of the same module in order to
   provide its derived-semantic-version for module consumers to know
   what has changed between revisions of the same module.

   Two distinct leafs in the YANG module
   [I-D.clacla-netmod-model-catalog] contain this semver notation:

   o  the semantic-version leaf contains the value embedded within a
      YANG module (if it is available).

   o  the derived-semantic-version leaf is established by examining the
      the YANG module themselves.  As such derived-semantic-version only
      takes syntax into account as opposed to the meaning of various
      elements when it computes the semantic version.

   o  The algorithm used to produce the derived-semantic-version is as
      follows:

      1.  Order all modules of the same name by revision from oldest to
          newest.  Include module revisions that are not available, but
          which are defined in the revision statements in one of the
          available module versions.

      2.  If module A, revision N+1 has failed compilation, bump its
          derived semantic MAJOR version.  For unavailable module
          versions assume non-backward compatible changes were done.,
          thus bump its derived semantic MAJOR version.

      3.  Else, run "pyang --check-update-from" on module A, revision N
          and revision N+1 to see if backward-incompatible changes
          exist.





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      4.  If backward-incompatible changes exist, bump module A,
          revision N+1's derived MAJOR semantic version.

      5.  If no backward-incompatible changes exist, compare the pyang
          trees of module A, revision N and revision N+1.

      6.  If there are structural differences (e.g., new nodes), bump
          module A, revision N+1's derived MINOR semantic version.

      7.  If no structural differences exist, bump module A, revision
          N+1's derived PATCH semantic version.

   The pyang utility checks many of the points listed in section 11 of
   [RFC7950] for known module incompatibilities.  While this approach is
   a good way to programmatically obtain a semantic version number, it
   does not address all cases whereby a major version number might need
   to be increased.  For example, a node may have the same name and same
   type, but its meaning may change from one revision of a module to
   another.  This represents a semantic change that breaks backward
   compatibility, but the above algorithm would not find it.  Therefore,
   additional, sometimes manual, rigor must be done to ensure a proper
   version is chosen for a given module revision.

2.2.  Import by Semantic Version

   If a module is imported by another one, it is usually not specified
   which revision of the imported module should be used.  However, not
   all revisions may be acceptable.  Today YANG 1.1 allows one to
   specify the revision date of the imported module, but that is too
   specific, as even a small spelling correction of the imported module
   results in a change to its revision date, thus making the module
   revision ineligible for import.

   Using semantic versioning to indicate the acceptable imported module
   versions is much more flexible.  For example:

   o  Only a module of a specific MAJOR version is acceptable.  All
      MINOR and PATCH versions can also be imported.

   o  A module at a specific MAJOR version or higher is acceptable.

   o  A module at a specific MAJOR.MINOR version is acceptable.  All
      PATCH versions can also be imported.

   o  A module within a certain range of versions are acceptable.  For
      example, in this case, a module between version 1.0.0 (inclusive)
      and 3.0.0 (exclusive) are acceptable.




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   The ietf-semver module provides another extension, import-versions
   that is a child of import and specifies the rules for an acceptable
   set of versions of the given module.  This extension addresses
   requirement 1.3 of [I-D.verdt-netmod-yang-versioning-reqs].  The
   structure of this extension is specified as follows:

   TODO: How to specify this?  One thought is below, not fully
   formalized as this should be discussed further.  Note: while this
   uses a comma to separate discrete versions, we could instead allow
   for this to be specified multiple times.

[\[(]X[.Y[.Z]][-[X[.Y[.X]]][\])]][,...]

Where the first character MAY be a '[' or '(' to indicate at least inclusive and at least
 exclusive (respectively).  If this is omitted, a full semantic version must be specified
 and the import will only support this one version.

The following version, if specified with a '[' or '(' indicates the lower bound.  This can
 be a full semantic version or a MAJOR only or MAJOR.MINOR only.

The '-', if specified, is a literal hyphen indicating a range will be specified.  If the second portion
 of the import-versions clause is omitted, then there is no upper bound on what will be considered
 an acceptable imported version.

After the '-' the upper bound semantic version (or part thereof) follows.

After the upper bound version, one of ']' or ')' MUST follow to indicate whether this limit is inclusive
 or exclusive of the upper bound respectively.

Finally, a literal comma (',') MAY be specified with additional ranges.  Each range is taken as a logical
 OR.


   For example:

















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import example-module {
  semver:import-versions "[1.0.0-3.0.0)";
  // All versions between 1.0.0 (inclusive) and 3.0.0 (exclusive) are acceptable.
}

import example-module {
  semver:import-versions "[2-5]";
  // All versions between 2.0.0 (inclusive) and 5.y.z (inclusive) where y and z are
  // any value for MINOR and PATCH versions.
}

import example-module {
  semver:import-versions "[1.5-2.0.0),[2.5";
  // All versions between 1.5.0 (inclusive) and 2.0.0 (exclusive) as well as all versions
  // greater than 2.5 (inclusive).  In this manner, if 2.0 was branched from 1.4, and a
  // new feature was added into 1.5, all versions of 1.x.x starting at 1.5 are allowed,
  // but the feature was not merged into 2.y.z until 2.5.0.
}

import example-module {
  semver:import-versions "[1";
  // All versions greater than MAJOR version 1 are acceptable.  This includes any
  // MINOR or PATCH versions.
}

import example-module {
  semver:import-versions "1.0.0";
  // Only version 1.0.0 is acceptable (this mimics what exists with import by revision).
}

import example-module {
  semver:import-versions "[1.1-2)"";
  // All versions greater than 1.1 (inclusive, and including all PATCH versions off of 1.1)
  // up to MAJOR version 2 (exclusive) are acceptable.
}

import example-module {
  semver:import-versions "[1.1-2),[3";
  // All versions greater than 1.1 (inclusive, and including all PATCH versions off of 1.1)
  // up to MAJOR version 2 (exclusive), as well as all versions greater than MAJOR version 3
  // (inclusive) are acceptable.
}

import example-module {
  semver:import-versions "[1.1-2),[3.0.0";
  // This is equivalent to the example above, simply indicating that a partial semantic version
  // assumes all missing components are 0.
}



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   The import statement SHOULD include a semver:import-versions
   statement and MUST NOT include a revision statement.  An import
   statement MUST NOT contain both a semver:import-versions and a
   revision substatement.  The use of the revision substatement for
   import should be discouraged.

2.3.  Updates to YANG 1.1 Module Update Rules

   RFC 7950 section 11, must be updated to allow for non-backward
   changes provided they follow the semantic versioning guidelines and
   increase the MAJOR version number when a backward incompatible change
   is made.  This change is in the spirit of requirement 5.1 from
   [I-D.verdt-netmod-yang-versioning-reqs].  The following is proposed
   text for this change.

   "As experience is gained with a module, it may be desirable to revise
   that module.  Changes to published modules are allowed, even if they
   have some potential to cause interoperability problems, if the
   module-version YANG extension is used in the revision statement to
   clearly indicate the nature of the change."

2.4.  Updates to ietf-yang-library

   The ietf-semver YANG module also specifies additional ietf-yang-
   library [RFC7895] [I-D.ietf-netconf-rfc7895bis] leafs to be added at
   the module and submodule levels.  The first is module-version, which
   augments /yanglib:yang-library/yanglib:module-set/yanglib:module.
   This specifies the current semantic version of the associated module
   and revision in a given module-set.  The related submodule-version
   leaf is added at /yanglib:yang-library/yanglib:module-
   set/yanglib:module/yanglib:submodule to indicate the semantic version
   of a submodule.

   In order to satisfy the requirements 4.1 and 4.3 of
   [I-D.verdt-netmod-yang-versioning-reqs] that deprecated and obsolete
   node presence and operation are easily and clearly known to clients,
   ietf-semver also augments the ietf-yang-library with two additional
   boolean leafs at /yanglib:yang-library/yanglib:module-set/
   yanglib:module.  A client can make one request of the ietf-yang-
   library and know whether or a not a module that has deprecated or
   obsolete has those nodes implemented by the server, as opposed to
   making multiple requests for each node in question.

   deprecated-nodes-present :  A boolean that indicates whether or not
      this server implements deprecated nodes.  The value of this leaf
      SHOULD be true; and if so, the server MUST implement nodes within
      this module as they are documented.  If specific deprecated nodes




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      are not implemented as documented, then they MUST be listed as
      deviations.  This leaf defaults to true.

   obsolete-nodes-present :  A boolean that indicates whether or not
      this server implements obsolete nodes.  The value of this leaf
      SHOULD be false; and if so, the server MUST NOT implement nodes
      within this module.  If this leaf is true, then all nodes in this
      module MUST be implemented as documented in the module.  Any
      variation of this MUST be listed as deviations.  This leaf
      defaults to false.

   If a module does not have any deprecated or obsolete nodes, the
   server SHOULD set the corresponding leaf above to true.  This is
   helpful to clients, such that if the MAJOR version number has not
   changed, and these booleans are true, then a client does not have to
   check the status of any node for the module.

   Module compatibility can be affected if values other than the default
   are used for the leafs described here.  For example, if a server does
   not implemennt deprecated nodes, then a given module revision may be
   incompatible with a previous revision where the nodes were not
   deprecated.  When calculating backward compatibility, the default
   values of these leafs MUST be considered.  From a client's point of
   view, if two module revisions have the same MAJOR version but the
   run-time value of deprecated-nodes-present (as read from the ietf-
   yang-library) is false, then compatibility MUST NOT be assumed based
   on the module-version alone.

2.5.  Deprecated and Obsolete Reasons

   The ietf-semver module specifies an extension, status-description,
   that is designed to be used as a substatement of the status statement
   when the status is deprecated or obsolete.  The argument to this
   extension is freeform text that explains why the node was deprecated
   or made obsolete.  It may also point to other schema elements that
   take the place of the deprecated or obsolete node.  This text is
   designed for human consumption to aid in the migration away from
   nodes that will one day no longer work.  These extensions address
   requirement 4.2 of [I-D.verdt-netmod-yang-versioning-reqs].  An
   example is shown below.











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   leaf imperial-temperature {
     type int64;
     units "degrees Fahrenheit";
     status deprecated {
       semver:status-description
         "Imperial measurements are being phased out in favor
          of their metric equivalents.  Use metric-temperature
          instead.";
     }
     description
       "Temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.";
   }

3.  Semantic Version Extension YANG Module

   The extension and related ietf-yang-library changes described in this
   module are defined in the YANG module below.

<CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-semver@2018-04-05.yang"
  module ietf-semver {
    yang-version 1.1;
    namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-semver";
    prefix semver;

    import ietf-yang-library {
      prefix yanglib;
    }

    organization
      "IETF NETMOD (Network Modeling) Working Group";
    contact
      "WG Web:   <https://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/netmod/>
       WG List:  <mailto:netmod@ietf.org>

       Author:   Benoit Claise
                 <mailto:bclaise@cisco.com>

       Author:   Joe Clarke
                 <mailto:jclarke@cisco.com>

       Author:   Kevin D'Souza
                 <mailto:kd6913@att.com>

       Author:   Balazs Lengyel
                 <mailto:balazs.lengyel@ericsson.com>";
    description
      "This module contains a definition for a YANG 1.1 extension to
       express the semantic version of YANG modules.";



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    revision 2018-04-05 {
      description
        "* Properly import ietf-yang-library.
         * Fix the name of module-semver => module-version.
         * Fix regular expression syntax.
         * Augment yang-library with booleans as to whether or not
           deprecated and obsolete nodes are present.
         * Add an extension to enable import by semantic version.
         * Add an extension status-description to track deprecated
           and obsolete reasons.
         * Fix yang-library augments to use 7895bis.";
      reference
        "draft-clacla-netmod-yang-model-update:
         New YANG Module Update Procedure";
      semver:module-version "0.2.1";
    }
    revision 2017-12-15 {
      description
        "Initial revision.";
      reference
        "draft-clacla-netmod-yang-model-update:
         New YANG Module Update Procedure";
      semver:module-version "0.1.1";
    }

    extension module-version {
      argument semver;
      description
        "The version number for the module revision it is used in.
         This is expressed as a semantic version string in the form:
          x.y.z
         where:
          * x corresponds to the major version,
          * y corresponds to a minor version,
          * z corresponds to a patch version.

         A major version number of 0 indicates that this model is still
         in development, and is potentially subject to change.

         Following a release of major version 1, all modules will
         increment major revision number where backward incompatible
         changes to the model are made.

         The minor version is changed when features are added to the
         model that do not impact current clients use of the model.
         When major version is stepped, the minor version is reset to 0.

         The patch-level version is incremented when non-feature changes



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         (such as bugfixes or clarifications to human-readable
         descriptions that do not impact model functionality) are made
         that maintain backward compatibility.
         When major or minor version is stepped, the patch-level is
         reset to 0.

         By comparing the module-version between two revisions of a
         given module, one can know if different revisions are backward
         compatible or not, as well as
         whether or not new features have been added to a newer revision.

         If a module contains this extension it indicates that for this
         module the updated status and update rules as this described in
         RFC XXXX are used.

         The statement MUST only be a substatement of the revision statement.
         Zero or one module-version statement is allowed per parent
         statement. NO substatements are allowed.
        ";
      reference "http://semver.org/ : Semantic Versioning 2.0.0";
    }

    extension import-versions {
      argument version-clause;
      description
        "This extension specifies an acceptable set of semantic versions of a given module
         that may be imported.  The version-clause argument is specified in the following
         format

         [\\[(]X[.Y[.Z]][-[X[.Y[.X]]][\\])]][,...]

         Where the first character MAY be a '[' or '(' to indicate at least inclusive and at least
          exclusive (respectively).  If this is omitted, a full semantic version must be specified
          and the import will only support this one version.

         The following version, if specified with a '[' or '(' indicates the lower bound.  This can
          be a full semantic version or a MAJOR only or MAJOR.MINOR only.

         The '-', if specified, is a literal hyphen indicating a range will be specified.  If the second portion
          of the import-versions clause is omitted, then there is no upper bound on what will be considered
          an acceptable imported version.

         After the '-' the upper bound semantic version (or part thereof) follows.
         After the upper bound version, one of ']' or ')' MUST follow to indicate whether this limit is inclusive
          or exclusive of the upper bound respectively.

         Finally, a literal comma (',') MAY be specified with additional ranges.  Each range is taken as a logical
          OR.



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         The statement MUST only be a substatement of the import statement.  Zero or one
         import-versions statement is allowed per import statement.  NO substatements are allowed.";
      reference "I-D.clacla-netmod-yang-model-update : Import By Semantic Version";
    }

    extension status-description {
      argument description;
      description
        "Freeform text that describes why a given node has been deprecated or made obsolete.
         This may point to other schema elements that can be used in lieu of the given node.

         This statement MUST only be used as a substatement of the status statement, and MUST
         only be used when the status is deprecated or obsolete.  Zero or more status-description
         statements are allowed per parent statement.  NO substatements are allowed.";
      reference "I-D.clacla-netmod-yang-model-update : Deprecated and Obsolete Reasons";
    }

    augment "/yanglib:yang-library/yanglib:module-set/yanglib:module" {
      description
        "Augmentations for the ietf-yang-library module to support semantic versioning.";
      leaf module-version {
        type string {
          pattern '[0-9]+\.[0-9]+\.[0-9]+';
        }
        description
          "The semantic version for this module in MAJOR.MINOR.PATCH format.  This version
           must match the semver:module-version value in specific revision of the module
           loaded in this module-set.";
      }
      leaf deprecated-nodes-present {
        type boolean;
        default "true";
        description
          "A boolean that indicates whether or not this server implements deprecated nodes.
           The value of this leaf SHOULD be true; and if so, the server MUST implement nodes
           within this module as they are documented.  If specific deprecated nodes are not
           implemented as document, then they MUST be listed as deviations.  If a module does
           not currently contain any deprecated nodes, then this leaf SHOULD be set to true.";
      }
      leaf obsolete-nodes-present {
        type boolean;
        default "false";
        description
          "A boolean that indicates whether or not this server implements obsolete nodes.
           The value of this leaf SHOULD be false; and if so, the server MUST NOT implement
           nodes within this module. If this leaf is true, then all nodes in this module MUST
           be implemented as documented in the module.  Any variation of this MUST be listed as
           deviations.  If a module does not currently contain any obsolete nodes, then this



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           leaf SHOULD be set to true.";
      }
    }
    augment "/yanglib:yang-library/yanglib:module-set/yanglib:module/yanglib:submodule" {
      description
        "Augmentations for the ietf-yang-library module/submodule to support semantic versioning.";
      leaf submodule-version {
        type string {
          pattern '[0-9]+\.[0-9]+\.[0-9]+';
        }
        description
          "The semantic version for this submodule in MAJOR.MINOR.PATCH format.  This version
           must match the semver:module-version value in specific revision of the submodule
           loaded in this module-set.";
      }
    }
  }
<CODE ENDS>

4.  Contributors

   o  Anees Shaikh, Google

   o  Rob Shakir, Google

5.  Security Considerations

   The document does not define any new protocol or data model.  There
   are no security impacts.

6.  IANA Considerations

6.1.  YANG Module Registrations

   The following YANG module is requested to be registred in the "IANA
   Module Names" registry:

   The ietf-semver module:

   o  Name: ietf-semver

   o  XML Namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-semver

   o  Prefix: semver

   o  Reference: [RFCXXXX]





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7.  References

7.1.  Normative References

   [I-D.verdt-netmod-yang-versioning-reqs]
              Clarke, J., "YANG Module Versioning Requirements", draft-
              verdt-netmod-yang-versioning-reqs-00 (work in progress),
              July 2018.

   [RFC7895]  Bierman, A., Bjorklund, M., and K. Watsen, "YANG Module
              Library", RFC 7895, DOI 10.17487/RFC7895, June 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7895>.

   [RFC7950]  Bjorklund, M., Ed., "The YANG 1.1 Data Modeling Language",
              RFC 7950, DOI 10.17487/RFC7950, August 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7950>.

7.2.  Informative References

   [I-D.clacla-netmod-model-catalog]
              Clarke, J. and B. Claise, "YANG module for
              yangcatalog.org", draft-clacla-netmod-model-catalog-03
              (work in progress), April 2018.

   [I-D.claise-semver]
              Claise, B., Barnes, R., and J. Clarke, "Semantic
              Versioning and Structure for IETF Specifications", draft-
              claise-semver-02 (work in progress), January 2018.

   [I-D.ietf-netconf-rfc7895bis]
              Bierman, A., Bjorklund, M., Schoenwaelder, J., Watsen, K.,
              and R. Wilton, "YANG Library", draft-ietf-netconf-
              rfc7895bis-06 (work in progress), April 2018.

   [I-D.openconfig-netmod-model-catalog]
              Shaikh, A., Shakir, R., and K. D'Souza, "Catalog and
              registry for YANG models", draft-openconfig-netmod-model-
              catalog-02 (work in progress), March 2017.

   [openconfigsemver]
              "Semantic Versioning for Openconfig Models",
              <http://www.openconfig.net/docs/semver/>.

   [semver]   "Semantic Versioning 2.0.0", <https://www.semver.org>.

   [yangcatalog]
              "YANG Catalog", <https://yangcatalog.org>.




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Appendix A.  Appendix

A.1.  Open Issues: Requirements to be Addressed

   There are a few requirements of
   [I-D.verdt-netmod-yang-versioning-reqs] still to be addressed.  These
   include the following:

   o  A solution is required for client compatibility to address
      requirements 3.1 and 3.2 from
      [I-D.verdt-netmod-yang-versioning-reqs].  This could include
      adding "module sets" support to ietf-yang-library where the client
      can choose one set with which to use.

   o  A solution for instance data to satisfy requirement 5.3 of
      [I-D.verdt-netmod-yang-versioning-reqs] is also required.

   o  While it is believed one could work within this semver scheme to
      support multiple parallel trains of development within a given
      YANG module, some thought should be given to how this would work
      in support of optional requirement 4.4 of
      [I-D.verdt-netmod-yang-versioning-reqs].

   o  While not mandatory, requirement 2.2 of
      [I-D.verdt-netmod-yang-versioning-reqs] looks to provide a way to
      determine, at the node level, whether or not changes have occurred
      between revisions of a given YANG module.  This may require
      application of semver at the node level.

A.2.  Open Issues

   Additionally, there are a few open issues to be discussed and
   settled.  These include the following:

   o  Do we need a new version of YANG?
      While eventually this will fold into a new version, the belief is
      this solution can work with extensions alone with an update to the
      [RFC7950] text concerning module updates.

   o  Should IETF/IANA officially generate derived semantic versions for
      their own modules?  As they are the owner of the modules it should
      be their responsibility, but how to document it?  Note that next
      round of funding for the yangcatalog.org could help develop the
      perfect derived-semantic-version toolset

   o  We could consider a new naming convention for module files.
      Today, module files are named using a module@revision.yang
      notation.  We could consider module%semver.yang or



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      module#version.yang variants.  Re-using the '@' for version is not
      ideal, so another separator character should be used.  In this
      manner, both version and revision could be used.

Authors' Addresses

   Benoit Claise
   Cisco Systems, Inc.
   De Kleetlaan 6a b1
   1831 Diegem
   Belgium

   Phone: +32 2 704 5622
   Email: bclaise@cisco.com


   Joe Clarke
   Cisco Systems, Inc.
   7200-12 Kit Creek Rd
   Research Triangle Park, North Carolina
   United States of America

   Phone: +1-919-392-2867
   Email: jclarke@cisco.com


   Balazs Lengyel
   Ericsson
   Magyar Tudosok Korutja
   1117 Budapest
   Hungary

   Phone: +36-70-330-7909
   Email: balazs.lengyel@ericsson.com


   Kevin D'Souza
   AT&T
   200 S. Laurel Ave
   Middletown, NJ
   United States of America

   Email: kd6913@att.com








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