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Network Working Group                                       T. Dreibholz
Internet-Draft                                Simula Research Laboratory
Intended status: Experimental                                    X. Zhou
Expires: July 9, 2014                                  Hainan University
                                                         January 5, 2014


      Takeover Suggestion Flag for the ENRP Handle Update Message
             draft-dreibholz-rserpool-enrp-takeover-11.txt

Abstract

   This document describes the Takeover Suggestion Flag for the
   ENRP_HANDLE_UPDATE message of the ENRP protocol.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on July 9, 2014.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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   described in the Simplified BSD License.





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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
     1.1.  Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.3.  Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Takeover Suggestion Flag  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     2.1.  Definition  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Reference Implementation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   4.  Testbed Platform  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   7.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     7.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     7.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6

1.  Introduction

   Reliable Server Pooling as described in [RFC5351] defines protocols
   for providing highly available services.  The management component
   used for pool administration is denoted as ENRP Server or Pool
   Registrar (PR).  Since a single ENRP server constitutes a single
   point of failure, there must be multiple ENRP servers.  Servers,
   denoted as Pool Elements (PE), use an arbitrary ENRP server for
   registration into the pool.  The chosen ENRP server becomes the Home
   ENRP Server, also denoted as Home PR (PR-H), of the PE.  It is
   responsible for making the PE identity known to the other ENRP
   servers (by using ENRP_HANDLE_UPDATE messages) and also to monitor
   the PE health (by using keep-alive messages).

   As shown in [AINA2009], the following scenario leads to unbalanced
   ENRP server workload: consider a set of multiple ENRP servers with
   one subset being unreliable (for example, their network connection
   has problems) and some reliable ENRP servers.  After a while, the
   reliable ENRP server will get the home ENRP server role for almost
   all of the PEs, which results in high workload for this ENRP server.
   Since the home ENRP server role is more computation-intensive (as
   shown by [IJHIT2008]), this leads to highly unbalanced workload for
   large RSerPool setups.  This unbalanced workload remains, even when
   the unreliable ENRP servers become reliable again (for example, when
   the network problems have been solved).









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1.1.  Scope

   The Takeover Suggestion Flag defined in this draft defines a flag for
   the ENRP_HANDLE_UPDATE message.  If the flag is set, the receiving
   ENRP server is suggested to take over the PE specified in the
   ENRP_HANDLE_UPDATE message.

1.2.  Terminology

   The terms are commonly identified in related work and can be found in
   the RSerPool Overview document RFC 5351 [RFC5351].

1.3.  Conventions

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

2.  Takeover Suggestion Flag

2.1.  Definition

   In this subsection, only the differences to the ENRP_HANDLE_UPDATE
   message defined in [RFC5353] are explained.  The following figure
   shows the ENRP_HANDLE_UPDATE message:

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |   Type = 0x04 |0|0|0|0|0|0|0|T|        Message Length         |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                      Sending Server's ID                      |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                     Receiving Server's ID                     |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |        Update Action          |        (reserved)             |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      :                     Pool Handle Parameter                     :
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      :                    Pool Element Parameter                     :
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   T flag: 1 bit (boolean)

   If set, the receiving ENRP server is suggested to take over the PE
   specified by the Pool Handle and Pool Element Parameters.  It is
   RECOMMENDED for the receiving ENRP server to perform this takeover if
   it has the resources to do so.



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3.  Reference Implementation

   The RSerPool reference implementation RSPLIB can be found at
   [RSerPool-Website].  It supports the functionalities defined by
   [RFC5351], [RFC5352], [RFC5353], [RFC5354] and [RFC5356] as well as
   the options [I-D.dreibholz-rserpool-asap-hropt],
   [I-D.dreibholz-rserpool-delay] and of course the option defined by
   this document.  An introduction to this implementation is provided in
   [Dre2006].

4.  Testbed Platform

   A large-scale and realistic Internet testbed platform with support
   for the multi-homing feature of the underlying SCTP protocol is
   NorNet.  A description of NorNet is provided in [PAMS2013-NorNet],
   some further information can be found on the project website
   [NorNet-Website].

5.  Security Considerations

   Security considerations for RSerPool systems are described by
   [RFC5355].

6.  IANA Considerations

   This document does not require additional IANA actions beyond those
   already identified in the ENRP and ASAP protocol specifications.

7.  References

7.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC5351]  Lei, P., Ong, L., Tuexen, M., and T. Dreibholz, "An
              Overview of Reliable Server Pooling Protocols", RFC 5351,
              September 2008.

   [RFC5352]  Stewart, R., Xie, Q., Stillman, M., and M. Tuexen,
              "Aggregate Server Access Protocol (ASAP)", RFC 5352,
              September 2008.

   [RFC5353]  Xie, Q., Stewart, R., Stillman, M., Tuexen, M., and A.
              Silverton, "Endpoint Handlespace Redundancy Protocol
              (ENRP)", RFC 5353, September 2008.





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   [RFC5354]  Stewart, R., Xie, Q., Stillman, M., and M. Tuexen,
              "Aggregate Server Access Protocol (ASAP) and Endpoint
              Handlespace Redundancy Protocol (ENRP) Parameters", RFC
              5354, September 2008.

   [RFC5355]  Stillman, M., Gopal, R., Guttman, E., Sengodan, S., and M.
              Holdrege, "Threats Introduced by Reliable Server Pooling
              (RSerPool) and Requirements for Security in Response to
              Threats", RFC 5355, September 2008.

   [RFC5356]  Dreibholz, T. and M. Tuexen, "Reliable Server Pooling
              Policies", RFC 5356, September 2008.

   [I-D.dreibholz-rserpool-asap-hropt]
              Dreibholz, T., "Handle Resolution Option for ASAP", draft-
              dreibholz-rserpool-asap-hropt-13 (work in progress), July
              2013.

   [I-D.dreibholz-rserpool-delay]
              Dreibholz, T. and X. Zhou, "Definition of a Delay
              Measurement Infrastructure and Delay-Sensitive Least-Used
              Policy for Reliable Server Pooling", draft-dreibholz-
              rserpool-delay-12 (work in progress), July 2013.

7.2.  Informative References

   [AINA2009]
              Zhou, X., Dreibholz, T., Fa, F., Du, W., and E. Rathgeb,
              "Evaluation and Optimization of the Registrar Redundancy
              Handling in Reliable Server Pooling Systems", Proceedings
              of the IEEE 23rd International Conference on Advanced
              Information Networking and Applications (AINA), Pages
              256-262, ISBN 978-0-7695-3638-5, DOI 10.1109/AINA.2009.25,
              May 2009, <http://www.tdr.wiwi.uni-due.de/fileadmin/
              fileupload/I-TDR/ReliableServer/Publications/
              AINA2009.pdf>.

   [Dre2006]  Dreibholz, T., "Reliable Server Pooling - Evaluation,
              Optimization and Extension of a Novel IETF Architecture",
              March 2007, <http://duepublico.uni-duisburg-essen.de/
              servlets/DerivateServlet/Derivate-16326/
              Dre2006_final.pdf>.

   [IJHIT2008]
              Dreibholz, T. and E. Rathgeb, "An Evaluation of the Pool
              Maintenance Overhead in Reliable Server Pooling Systems",
              SERSC International Journal on Hybrid Information
              Technology (IJHIT), Volume 1, Number 2, Pages 17-32,



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              ISSN 1738-9968, April 2008,
              <http://www.tdr.wiwi.uni-due.de/fileadmin/fileupload/I-TDR
              /ReliableServer/Publications/IJHIT2008.pdf>.

   [PAMS2013-NorNet]
              Dreibholz, T. and E. Gran, "Design and Implementation of
              the NorNet Core Research Testbed for Multi-Homed Systems",
              Proceedings of the 3nd International Workshop on Protocols
              and Applications with Multi-Homing Support (PAMS), Pages
              1094-1100, ISBN 978-0-7695-4952-1, DOI 10.1109/
              WAINA.2013.71, March 2013, <http://simula.no/publications/
              threfereedinproceedingsreference.2012-12-20.7643198512/
              simula_pdf_file>.

   [RSerPool-Website]
              Dreibholz, T., "Thomas Dreibholz's RSerPool Page", Online:
              http://www.iem.uni-due.de/~dreibh/rserpool/, 2013,
              <http://www.iem.uni-due.de/~dreibh/rserpool/>.

   [NorNet-Website]
              Xiang, J., "NorNet -- A Real-World, Large-Scale Multi-
              Homing Testbed", Online: http://www.nntb.no/, 2013,
              <http://www.nntb.no/>.

Authors' Addresses

   Thomas Dreibholz
   Simula Research Laboratory, Network Systems Group
   Martin Linges vei 17
   1364 Fornebu, Akershus
   Norway

   Phone: +47-6782-8200
   Fax:   +47-6782-8201
   Email: dreibh@simula.no
   URI:   http://www.iem.uni-due.de/~dreibh/


   Xing Zhou
   Hainan University, College of Information Science and Technology
   Renmin Avenue 58
   570228 Haikou, Hainan
   China

   Phone: +86-898-66279141
   Email: zhouxing@hainu.edu.cn





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