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Versions: 00 01 draft-ietf-netconf-nmda-netconf

Network Working Group                                       M. Bjorklund
Internet-Draft                                            Tail-f Systems
Intended status: Standards Track                        J. Schoenwaelder
Expires: January 5, 2018                               Jacobs University
                                                               P. Shafer
                                                               K. Watsen
                                                        Juniper Networks
                                                               R. Wilton
                                                           Cisco Systems
                                                            July 4, 2017


                         NETCONF Model for NMDA
                       draft-dsdt-nmda-netconf-00

Abstract

   The "Network Management Datastore Architecture" (NMDA) improves on
   NETCONF by adding new features to give more accurate handling of
   configuration and operational data.  These include ability to inspect
   the current operational values of configuration data, allowing
   clients to use identical paths for retrieving the configured values
   and the operational values.  These new features require additional
   operations in network management applications such as NETCONF.  This
   draft details those new operations.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on January 5, 2018.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.




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   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
     1.1.  Keywords  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  The NMDA Model for NETCONF  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     2.1.  Operations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
       2.1.1.  The <get-data> Operation  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
       2.1.2.  The <edit-data> Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.2.  Augmentations to the Base NETCONF Model . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.3.  RPCs and Actions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  YANG Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   4.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   6.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   Appendix A.  Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9

1.  Introduction

   This document provides a YANG model that adds NETCONF ([RFC6241])
   support for the emerging "Network Management Datastore Architecture"
   (NMDA) [I-D.ietf-netmod-revised-datastores].  NMDA defines a
   framework for datastores, a fundamental concept binding network
   management data models to network management protocols, enabling data
   models to be written in a network management protocol agnostic way.
   NETCONF operations currently refer to the datastores defined in the
   original model, so new operations are required to allow references to
   the new datastores.

   Operations like <copy-config>, <lock> and <unlock> are augmented to
   allow them to target additional datastores.

   In addition the original <get> operation is deprecated, since the
   information it returns is no longer needed.  <get>'s deficiencies
   were a major motivation for the NMDA.





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1.1.  Keywords

   The keywords "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
   14, [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here..

1.2.  Terminology

   This document uses the terminology defined by the NMDA
   [I-D.ietf-netmod-revised-datastores].

2.  The NMDA Model for NETCONF

   This section describes the changes needed for NMDA support.  These
   changes are contained in a new YANG ([RFC7950]) model
   "ietf-netconf-datastores".

   These changes include the use of source and target parameters based
   on the "datastore" identity defined in the "ietf-datastores" from
   [I-D.ietf-netmod-revised-datastores].  The use of identities allows
   future expansion in a way that the choice-based strategy from the
   original operations (e.g. <get-config>, <edit-config>) do not.

2.1.  Operations

   Support for the NMDA includes two new operations defined in this
   document.

2.1.1.  The <get-data> Operation

   The <get-data> operation retrieves data from a specific NMDA
   datastore.  This operation is similar to NETCONF's "get-config"
   operation, but adds flexibility in naming the target datastore.

   The "source" parameter indicates the datastore which is the source of
   the data to be retrieved.  This is a datastore identity.

   The "get-data" operation mirrors the "filter" parameter of the
   "get-config" operation, but it is modified to use "type anydata" for
   configuration content, rather than the "get-config"'s use of "type
   anyxml".

   The "get-data" operation also supports the "with-defaults" parameter
   as defined in [RFC6243].  The supported values follow the constraints
   given by the "with-defaults" capability.




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2.1.1.1.  Origin Attribute

   The "get-data" operation adds a new boolean parameter named "origin",
   which requests that the server return the "origin" information as
   detailed in the NMDA.  This parameter is only valid for <operational>
   and any datastores with identities derived from the "operational"
   identity.

   Data from <operational> can come from multiple sources.  The server
   should return the most accurate value for the "origin" attribute as
   possible, indicating the source of the operational value.

   When encoding the origin attribute for a hierarchy of returned nodes,
   the origin attribute may be omitted when the value matches that of
   the parent node.

2.1.2.  The <edit-data> Operation

   The <edit-data> operation changes the contents of a specific
   datastore, similar to the <edit-config> operation, but with
   additional flexibility in naming the target datastore.

   The "target" parameter is a datastore identity that indicates the
   desired target datastore where changes should be made.

   The "edit-content" parameter from "edit-config" it is modified to
   allow use "type anydata" for configuration content, rather than the
   "edit-config"'s use of "type anyxml".

   The "default-operation" parameter mirrors the parameter of the
   "edit-config" operation.

2.2.  Augmentations to the Base NETCONF Model

   Several of the operations defined in the base NETCONF data model
   (ietf-netconf@2011-06-01.yang) will continue to be used under the
   NMDA.  The <lock>, <unlock>, and <validate> operations are augmented
   with a new "datastore" leaf can indicate a desired NMDA datastore.

   Only writable datastores can be locked.

2.3.  RPCs and Actions

   RPC operations and actions can be defined in YANG modules.  The
   evaluation context for constraints and references in operation and
   actions is <operational>.





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3.  YANG Model

   <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-netconf-datastores@2017-06-30.yang"

   module ietf-netconf-datastores {
     yang-version 1.1;
     namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-netconf-datastores";
     prefix ncds;

     import ietf-inet-types {
       prefix inet;
     }
     import ietf-datastores {
       prefix ds;
     }
     import ietf-netconf {
       prefix nc;
     }
     import ietf-netconf-with-defaults {
       prefix ncwd;
     }

     organization
       "IETF NETCONF Working Group";
     contact
       "WG Web:   <https://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/netconf/>

        WG List:  <mailto:netconf@ietf.org>

        Author:   Martin Bjorklund
              <mailto:mbj@tail-f.com>

        Author:   Juergen Schoenwaelder
              <mailto:j.schoenwaelder@jacobs-university.de>

        Author:   Phil Shafer
              <mailto:phil@juniper.net>

        Author:   Kent Watsen
              <mailto:kwatsen@juniper.net>

        Author:   Rob Wilton
              <rwilton@cisco.com>";
     description
       "This YANG module defines a set of NETCONF operations for the
        Network Management Datastore Architecture (NMDA).

        Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as



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        authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

        Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
        without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject to
        the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License set
        forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
        Relating to IETF Documents
        (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).

        This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX
        (http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfcxxxx); see the RFC itself
        for full legal notices.";

     revision 2017-06-30 {
       description
         "Initial revision.";
       reference "RFC XXXX: NETCONF Support for NMDA";
     }

     typedef datastore {
       type identityref {
         base ds:datastore;
       }
       description
         "An NMDA datastore.";
       reference "RFC XXXX: Network Management Datastore Architecture";
     }

     rpc get-data {
       description
         "Get data from an NMDA datastore";
       input {
         leaf source {
           type ncds:datastore;
           description
             "Datastore from which to retrieve data.";
         }
         anydata filter {
           description
             "Subtree or XPath filter to use.";
           nc:get-filter-element-attributes;
         }
       }
       output {
         anydata data {
           description
             "Copy of the source datastore subset which matched
              the filter criteria (if any).  An empty data



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              container indicates that the request did not
              produce any results.";
         }
       }
     }
     rpc edit-data {
       description
         "Edit data in an NMDA datastore.";
       input {
         leaf target {
           type ncds:datastore;
           description
             "Datastore which data affects.";
         }
         leaf default-operation {
           type enumeration {
             enum "merge" {
               description
                 "The default operation is merge.";
             }
             enum "replace" {
               description
                 "The default operation is replace.";
             }
             enum "none" {
               description
                 "There is no default operation.";
             }
           }
           default "merge";
           description
             "The default operation to use.";
         }
         uses ncwd:with-defaults-parameters;
         choice edit-content {
           mandatory true;
           description
             "The content for the edit operation.";

           anydata config {
             description
               "Inline Config content.";
           }
           leaf url {
             if-feature nc:url;
             type inet:uri;
             description
               "URL based config content.";



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           }
         }
       }
     }

     /*
      * Augment the lock and unlock operations with a
      * "datastore" parameter.
      */

     augment "/nc:lock/nc:input/nc:target/nc:config-target" {
       description
         "Add NMDA Datastore as target.";
       leaf datastore {
         type ncds:datastore;
         description
           "Datastore to lock.";
       }
     }
     augment "/nc:unlock/nc:input/nc:target/nc:config-target" {
       description
         "Add NMDA Datastore as target.";
       leaf datastore {
         type ncds:datastore;
         description
           "Datastore to unlock.";
       }
     }

     /*
      * Augment the validate operation with a
      * "datastore" parameter.
      */

     augment "/nc:validate/nc:input/nc:source/nc:config-source" {
       description
         "Add NMDA Datastore as source.";
       leaf datastore {
         type ncds:datastore;
         description
           "Datastore to validate.";
       }
     }
   }

   <CODE ENDS>





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4.  IANA Considerations

   This document has no actions for IANA.

5.  Security Considerations

   This document has no security considerations.

6.  Informative References

   [I-D.ietf-netmod-revised-datastores]
              Bjorklund, M., Schoenwaelder, J., Shafer, P., Watsen, K.,
              and R. Wilton, "Network Management Datastore
              Architecture", draft-ietf-netmod-revised-datastores-03
              (work in progress), July 2017.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/
              RFC2119, March 1997,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC6241]  Enns, R., Ed., Bjorklund, M., Ed., Schoenwaelder, J., Ed.,
              and A. Bierman, Ed., "Network Configuration Protocol
              (NETCONF)", RFC 6241, DOI 10.17487/RFC6241, June 2011,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6241>.

   [RFC6243]  Bierman, A. and B. Lengyel, "With-defaults Capability for
              NETCONF", RFC 6243, DOI 10.17487/RFC6243, June 2011,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6243>.

   [RFC7950]  Bjorklund, M., Ed., "The YANG 1.1 Data Modeling Language",
              RFC 7950, DOI 10.17487/RFC7950, August 2016,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7950>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

Appendix A.  Examples

Authors' Addresses

   Martin Bjorklund
   Tail-f Systems

   Email: mbj@tail-f.com





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   Juergen Schoenwaelder
   Jacobs University

   Email: j.schoenwaelder@jacobs-university.de


   Phil Shafer
   Juniper Networks

   Email: phil@juniper.net


   Kent Watsen
   Juniper Networks

   Email: kwatsen@juniper.net


   Robert Wilton
   Cisco Systems

   Email: rwilton@cisco.com





























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