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Network Working Group                                         P. Hoffman
Internet-Draft                                            VPN Consortium
Intended status: Informational                                 T. Hansen
Expires: August 29, 2015                               AT&T Laboratories
                                                       February 25, 2015


         Examples of the 'XML2RFC' Version 2 and 3 Vocabularies
                    draft-hoffman-rfcexamples-02

Abstract

   This document gives examples of use of the "XML2RFC" vocabulary.  The
   examples cover both version 2 and version 3.  The purposes of this
   draft it to give authors of Internet Drafts examples of how to use
   the XML vocabularies, and to show how use of the version 2 vocabulary
   will change with version 3.

Editorial Note (To be removed by RFC Editor)

   Discussion of this draft takes place on the rfc-interest mailing list
   (rfc-interest@rfc-editor.org), which has its home page at [1].

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on August 29, 2015.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2015 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of



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   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Example of a v2 Document  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   3.  Example of a v3 Document  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   4.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
   5.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
   6.  Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
   7.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17

1.  Introduction

   This document gives examples of use of the "XML2RFC" vocabulary.  The
   examples cover both version 2 [XML2RFCv2] and version 3 [XML2RFCv3].
   Some of the examples are given to help authors use parts of the
   vocabulary common to both versions (called "v2" and "v3" in this
   document), while others appear in order to help authors transitioning
   from version 2 to version 3 to see how features from the earlier
   version relate to features in the later version.

   This document currently only has one main example, which shows the
   commonly-used XML elements.  A future version of the document may
   have a more complete example, and will very likely have topic-
   specific examples (such as lists, tables, and so on).

2.  Example of a v2 Document

   The following is a v2 document that has all the elements that are
   needed for typical Internet Drafts.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="US-ASCII"?>
<!DOCTYPE rfc SYSTEM "rfc2629.dtd" [
<!ENTITY RFC2119 SYSTEM
  "http://xml.resource.org/public/rfc/bibxml/reference.RFC.2119.xml">
]>

<?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="rfc2629.xslt" ?>
<?rfc strict="yes" ?>

<rfc
  category="std"



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  docName="draft-example-of-xml-00"
  ipr="trust200902"
  consensus="no"
  submissionType="IAB"
  updates="1234, 5678"
  xml:lang="en"
>

<front>
<title abbrev="XML Example">
An Example of Using XML for an Internet Draft
</title>

<author fullname="Chris Smith" initials="C." surname="Smith">
<organization abbev="EC">ExampleCorp</organization>
<address>
<postal>
<street>123 Exemplar Way</street>
<city>Anytown</city>
<region>California</region>
<code>95060</code>
<country>US</country>
</postal>
<phone>+1 123-456-7890</phone>
<facsimile>+1 123-456-7890</facsimile>
<email>chrissmith@example.com</email>
<uri>http://www.example.com/corporate/</uri>
</address>
</author>

<!-- The following author has no organization and no postal or
     phone information. -->
<author fullname="Kim Jones" initials="K." surname="Jones">
<organization/>
<address>
<email>jk@lmn.op</email>
</address>
</author>

<date year="2014" month="September"/>

<area>General</area>
<workgroup>Imaginary WG</workgroup>
<keyword>XML</keyword>
<keyword>Imagination</keyword>

<abstract>
<t>This is an example of an abstract. It is a short paragraph that



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gives an overview of the document in order to help the
reader determine whether or not they are interested in reading
further.</t>
</abstract>

<note tile="Disclaimer">
<t>This isn't a real RFC, just an example.</t>
</note>

</front>

<middle>

<section anchor="intro" title="Introduction">

<t>This is the first paragraph of the introduction to this
document. This introduction is probably much shorter than it would
be for a real Internet Draft.</t>

<t>Something to note about this paragraph is that it has a
pointer to <xref target="protocol"/>, and one to
<xref target="haiku"/>, both of which appear later in the
document.</t>

<iref item="Introduction" subitem="verbiage" primary="true"/>

<!-- This is a comment. Comments in the XML do not appear in the
output formats. -->

<section title="Terminology">

<t>The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL
NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL"
in this document are to be interpreted as described in
<xref target="RFC2119"/>.</t>

</section>

</section>

<section anchor="protocol" title="The Protocol Being Described">

<t>This is a reference to <xref target="RFC6949"/>.
Actually, the reference itself is not all that interesting, but the
way that the reference is incorporated is. Note that the inclusion
of RFC 2119 was done at the top of the XML, while the information
for RFC 6949 is done directly in the references section.</t>




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<t>The <eref target="http://www.ietf.org">IETF web site</eref> is
<spanx style="emph">quite</spanx>
<spanx style="strong">nice</spanx>,
<spanx style="verb">isn't it</spanx>?
Unlike other web sites, it doesn't use
<vspace blanklines="2" />gratuitous vertical space.</t>

</section>

<section title="Basic Lists">

<t>Bulleted lists are good for items that
are not ordered:

<list style="symbols">

<t>This is the first item.</t>

<t>This is the second item. Here comes a sub-list:

<list style="symbols">

<t>This is the first sub-item.</t>

<t>This is the second sub-item<vspace/>
and some more detail on the second sub-item.</t>

</list></t>

<t>This is the item after the sub-list.</t>

</list></t>

<t>Numbered lists are good for items that are ordered:

<list style="numbers">

<t>This is the first item.</t>

<t>This is the second item. Here comes a sub-list, but
with letters:

<list style="letters">

<t>This is the first sub-item.</t>

<t>This is the second sub-item</t>




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</list></t>

<t>This is the item after the sub-list.</t>

</list></t>

<t>And an example of hanging indent.

<list style="hanging" hangIndent="15">

<t hangText="Trees">These are bigger plants</t>

<t hangText="Lichen">These are smaller plants</t>

</list></t>

<t>And the always-interesting "format" for lists.

<list style="format --%D--">

<t>An element that gets a funny bullet.</t>

</list></t>

</section>

<section title="Figures">

<t>The following is a figure with a caption.
Also, it uses the ampersand (&amp;) and less than
(&lt;) characters in the example text.</t>

<figure title="This could be haiku" anchor="haiku">
<artwork type="haiku" align="left">
   The ampersand (&amp;) and
   less than (&lt;) are two characters
   that need escaping.
</artwork>
</figure>

<t>Here are two short figures with no titles and with
odd alignment.</t>

<figure><artwork align="center">
This might appear in the center.
</artwork></figure>

<figure><artwork align="right">



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This might appear right-aligned.
</artwork></figure>

<t>Here is a figure that is actually pulled from somewhere else.
<cref source="cs" anchor="rememberme">
Remember to check whether that file still exists.</cref></t>

<figure><artwork
  src="http://www.example.com/~employees/chrissmith/artwork.txt" />
</figure>

</section>

<section title="Tables">

<t>The following is a table example.</t>

<texttable title="The Noble Gases">
  <preamble>These are sometimes called "inert" gasses.</preamble>
  <ttcol>Name</ttcol>
  <ttcol align="center" width="50%">Symbol</ttcol>
  <ttcol align="center">Atomic Number</ttcol>

  <c>Helium</c>
  <c>He</c>
  <c>2</c>

  <c>Neon</c>
  <c>Ne</c>
  <c>10</c>

  <c>Argon</c>
  <c>Ar</c>
  <c>18</c>

  <c>Krypton</c>
  <c>Kr</c>
  <c>36</c>

  <c>Xenon</c>
  <c>Xe</c>
  <c>54</c>

  <c>Radon</c>
  <c>Rn</c>
  <c>86</c>

  <postamble>Source: Chemistry 101</postamble>



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</texttable>

<t>The following is a right-aligned table with "full" (but not "all")
lines between cells.</t>

<texttable align="right" style="full">
  <ttcol>Time</ttcol>
  <ttcol align="right">Mood</ttcol>

  <c>Morning</c>
  <c>Happy!</c>

  <c>Afternoon</c>
  <c>Happy!</c>

  <c>Evening</c>
  <c>Somber</c>

</texttable>

</section>

<section anchor="IANA" title="IANA Considerations">

<t>None.</t>

</section>

<section anchor="Security" title="Security Considerations">

<t>There are no security considerations for an imaginary
Internet Draft.</t>

</section>

<section anchor="Acknowledgements" title="Acknowledgements">

<t>Some of the things included in this draft came from
Elwyn Davies' templates.</t>

</section>

</middle>

<back>

<references title="Normative References">




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&RFC2119;

</references>

<references title="Informative References">

<reference anchor="RFC6949">
<front>
<title>RFC Series Format Requirements and Future Development</title>
<author initials="H." surname="Flanagan" fullname="H. Flanagan">
<organization/></author>
<author initials="N." surname="Brownlee" fullname="N. Brownlee">
<organization/></author>
<date year="2013" month="May"/>
</front>
<seriesInfo name="RFC" value="6949"/>
<annotation>This is a primary reference work.</annotation>
</reference>

<reference anchor="RED"
target="http://www.aciri.org/floyd/papers/early.pdf">
<front>
<title>Random Early Detection (RED) gateways for Congestion
Avoidance</title>
<author fullname="Sally Floyd" initials="S" surname="Floyd">
<organization>LBL</organization>
</author>
<author fullname="Van Jacobson" initials="V" surname="Jacobson">
<organization>LBL</organization>
</author>
<date month="August" year="1993"/>
</front>
<seriesInfo name="IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking"
value="1(4) 397--413"/>
<format target="http://www.aciri.org/floyd/papers/early.pdf"
octets="318703" type="PDF"/>
</reference>

</references>

</back>
</rfc>

3.  Example of a v3 Document

   The following is a v3 document that has all the elements that are
   needed for typical Internet Drafts.  It was converted from the
   example in Section 2.



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<?xml version='1.0' encoding='US-ASCII'?>
<!DOCTYPE rfc SYSTEM 'rfc2629.dtd'>




<rfc ipr='trust200902' consensus='no' submissionType='IAB'
 updates='1234, 5678' xml:lang='en'
 xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude">

<front>
<seriesInfo name='Internet-Draft' value='draft-example-of-xml-00'/>
<seriesInfo name='std' value=''/>
<title abbrev='XML Example'>
An Example of Using XML for an Internet Draft
</title>

<author fullname='Chris Smith' initials='C.' surname='Smith'>
<organization abbev='EC'>ExampleCorp</organization>
<address>
<postal>
<street>123 Exemplar Way</street>
<city>Anytown</city>
<region>California</region>
<code>95060</code>
<country>US</country>
</postal>
<phone>+1 123-456-7890</phone>
+1 123-456-7890
<email>chrissmith@example.com</email>
<uri>http://www.example.com/corporate/</uri>
</address>
</author>

<!-- The following author has no organization and no postal or
     phone information. -->
<author fullname='Kim Jones' initials='K.' surname='Jones'>
<organization/>
<address>
<email>jk@lmn.op</email>
</address>
</author>

<date year='2014' month='September'/>

<area>General</area>
<workgroup>Imaginary WG</workgroup>
<keyword>XML</keyword>
<keyword>Imagination</keyword>

<abstract>
<t>This is an example of an abstract. It is a short paragraph that



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gives an overview of the document in order to help the
reader determine whether or not they are interested in reading
further.</t>
</abstract>

<note tile='Disclaimer'>
<t>This isn't a real RFC, just an example.</t>
</note>

</front>

<middle>

<section anchor='intro'><name>Introduction</name>

<t>This is the first paragraph of the introduction to this
document. This introduction is probably much shorter than it would
be for a real Internet Draft.</t>

<t>Something to note about this paragraph is that it has a
pointer to <xref target='protocol'/>, and one to
<xref target='haiku'/>, both of which appear later in the
document.</t>

<iref item='Introduction' subitem='verbiage' primary='true'/>

<!-- This is a comment. Comments in the XML do not appear in the
output formats. -->

<section><name>Terminology</name>

<t>The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL
NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL"
in this document are to be interpreted as described in
<xref target='RFC2119'/>.</t>

</section>

</section>

<section anchor='protocol'><name>The Protocol Being Described</name>

<t>This is a reference to <xref target='RFC6949'/>.
Actually, the reference itself is not all that interesting, but the
way that the reference is incorporated is. Note that the inclusion
of RFC 2119 was done at the top of the XML, while the information
for RFC 6949 is done directly in the references section.</t>




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<t>The <eref target='http://www.ietf.org'>IETF web site</eref> is
<em>quite</em>
<strong>nice</strong>,
<tt>isn't it</tt>?
Unlike other web sites, it doesn't use
gratuitous vertical space.</t>

</section>

<section><name>Basic Lists</name>

<t>Bulleted lists are good for items that
are not ordered:

<ul>

<li>This is the first item.</li>

<li>This is the second item. Here comes a sub-list:

<ul>

<li>This is the first sub-item.</li>

<li><t>This is the second sub-item</t><t>
and some more detail on the second sub-item.</t></li>

</ul></li>

<li>This is the item after the sub-list.</li>

</ul></t>

<t>Numbered lists are good for items that are ordered:

<ol style='1'>

<li>This is the first item.</li>

<li>This is the second item. Here comes a sub-list, but
with letters:

<ol style='a'>

<li>This is the first sub-item.</li>

<li>This is the second sub-item</li>




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</ol></li>

<li>This is the item after the sub-list.</li>

</ol></t>

<t>And an example of hanging indent.

<dl hanging='true'>

<dt>Trees</dt><dd>These are bigger plants</dd>

<dt>Lichen</dt><dd>These are smaller plants</dd>

</dl></t>

<t>And the always-interesting "format" for lists.

<ol style='--%D--'>

<li>An element that gets a funny bullet.</li>

</ol></t>

</section>

<section><name>Figures</name>

<t>The following is a figure with a caption.
Also, it uses the ampersand (&amp;) and less than
(&lt;) characters in the example text.</t>

<figure anchor='haiku'><name>This could be haiku</name>
<artwork type='haiku' align='left'>
   The ampersand (&amp;) and
   less than (&lt;) are two characters
   that need escaping.
</artwork>
</figure>

<t>Here are two short figures with no titles and with
odd alignment.</t>

<figure><artwork align='center'>
This might appear in the center.
</artwork></figure>

<figure><artwork align='right'>



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This might appear right-aligned.
</artwork></figure>

<t>Here is a figure that is actually pulled from somewhere else.
<cref source='cs' anchor='rememberme'>
Remember to check whether that file still exists.</cref></t>

<figure>
<artwork src='http://www.example.com/~employees/chrissmith/artwork.txt'>
</artwork>
</figure>

</section>

<section><name>Tables</name>

<t>The following is a table example.</t>

<t keepwithnext='true'>These are sometimes called "inert" gasses.</t>

<table title='The Noble Gases'>

  <tr><th>Name</th>
  <th align='center'>Symbol</th>
  <th align='center'>Atomic Number</th></tr>

  <tr><td>Helium</td>
  <td align='center'>He</td>
  <td align='center'>2</td></tr>

  <tr><td>Neon</td>
  <td align='center'>Ne</td>
  <td align='center'>10</td></tr>

  <tr><td>Argon</td>
  <td align='center'>Ar</td>
  <td align='center'>18</td></tr>

  <tr><td>Krypton</td>
  <td align='center'>Kr</td>
  <td align='center'>36</td></tr>

  <tr><td>Xenon</td>
  <td align='center'>Xe</td>
  <td align='center'>54</td></tr>

  <tr><td>Radon</td>
  <td align='center'>Rn</td>
  <td align='center'>86</td></tr>

  </table>

<t keepwithprevious='true'>Source: Chemistry 101</t>




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<t>The following is a right-aligned table with "full" (but not "all")
lines between cells.</t>

<table align='right' style='full'>
  <tr><th>Time</th>
  <th align='right'>Mood</th></tr>

  <tr><td>Morning</td>
  <td align='right'>Happy!</td></tr>

  <tr><td>Afternoon</td>
  <td align='right'>Happy!</td></tr>

  <tr><td>Evening</td>
  <td align='right'>Somber</td></tr>

</table>

</section>

<section anchor='IANA'><name>IANA Considerations</name>

<t>None.</t>

</section>

<section anchor='Security'><name>Security Considerations</name>

<t>There are no security considerations for an imaginary
Internet Draft.</t>

</section>

<section anchor='Acknowledgements'><name>Acknowledgements</name>

<t>Some of the things included in this draft came from
Elwyn Davies' templates.</t>

</section>

</middle>

<back>

<references title='Normative References'>

<xi:include
href='http://xml.resource.org/public/rfc/bibxml/reference.RFC.2119.xml'/>




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</references>

<references title='Informative References'>

<reference anchor='RFC6949'>
<front>
<title>RFC Series Format Requirements and Future Development</title>
<author initials='H.' surname='Flanagan' fullname='H. Flanagan'>
<organization/></author>
<author initials='N.' surname='Brownlee' fullname='N. Brownlee'>
<organization/></author>
<date year='2013' month='May'/>
</front>
<seriesInfo name='RFC' value='6949'/>
<annotation>This is a primary reference work.</annotation>
</reference>

<reference anchor='RED'
 target='http://www.aciri.org/floyd/papers/early.pdf'>
<front>
<title>Random Early Detection (RED) gateways for Congestion
Avoidance</title>
<author fullname='Sally Floyd' initials='S' surname='Floyd'>
<organization>LBL</organization>
</author>
<author fullname='Van Jacobson' initials='V' surname='Jacobson'>
<organization>LBL</organization>
</author>
<date month='August' year='1993'/>
</front>
<seriesInfo
 name='IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking' value='1(4) 397--413'/>

</reference>

</references>

</back>
</rfc>

4.  Security Considerations

   The examples in this document do not introduce any new security
   considerations.

5.  IANA Considerations

   There are no IANA considerations for this document.





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6.  Acknowledgments

   The ideas for the examples in this document come from many people
   over a long period of time.

7.  Normative References

   [XML2RFCv2]
              Reschke, J., "The 'XML2RFC' version 2 Vocabulary", draft-
              reschke-xml2rfc (work in progress), 2014.

   [XML2RFCv3]
              Hoffman, P., "The 'XML2RFC' version 3 Vocabulary", draft-
              hoffman-xml2rfc (work in progress), 2014.

Authors' Addresses

   Paul Hoffman
   VPN Consortium

   EMail: paul.hoffman@vpnc.org


   Tony Hansen
   AT&T Laboratories
   200 Laurel Ave. South
   Middletown, NJ  07748
   USA

   EMail: tony+rfcv3@maillennium.att.com





















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