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Network Working Group                                         P. Hoffman
Internet-Draft                                                     ICANN
Obsoletes: 2629 (if approved)                               July 6, 2015
Intended status: Informational
Expires: January 7, 2016


                   The 'XML2RFC' version 3 Vocabulary
                      draft-hoffman-xml2rfc-21

Abstract

   This document defines the "XML2RFC" version 3 vocabulary; an XML-
   based language used for writing RFCs and Internet-Drafts.  It is
   heavily derived from the version 2 vocabulary that is also under
   discussion.  This document obsoletes the v2 grammar described in RFC
   2629 and its expected followup, draft-iab-xml2rfc.

Editorial Note (To be removed by RFC Editor)

   Discussion of this draft takes place on the rfc-interest mailing list
   (rfc-interest@rfc-editor.org), which has its home page at
   <https://www.rfc-editor.org/mailman/listinfo/rfc-interest>.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on January 7, 2016.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2015 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents



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   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     1.1.  Design Criteria for the Changes in v3 . . . . . . . . . .   5
     1.2.  Differences from v2 to v3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
       1.2.1.  New Elements in v3  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
       1.2.2.  New Attributes for Existing Elements  . . . . . . . .   7
       1.2.3.  Elements and Attributes Deprecated from v2  . . . . .   8
       1.2.4.  Additional Changes from v2  . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     1.3.  Syntax Notation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   2.  Elements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     2.1.  <abstract>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     2.2.  <address> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     2.3.  <annotation>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     2.4.  <area>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     2.5.  <artwork> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
     2.6.  <aside> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
     2.7.  <author>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     2.8.  <back>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
     2.9.  <bcp14> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
     2.10. <blockquote>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     2.11. <boilerplate> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
     2.12. <br>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     2.13. <city>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     2.14. <code>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     2.15. <country> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     2.16. <cref>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
     2.17. <date>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23
     2.18. <dd>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  24
     2.19. <displayreference>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
     2.20. <dl>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
     2.21. <dt>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
     2.22. <em>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
     2.23. <email> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
     2.24. <eref>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
     2.25. <figure>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
     2.26. <front> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  32
     2.27. <iref>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  33
     2.28. <keyword> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  34
     2.29. <li>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  34



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     2.30. <link>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  36
     2.31. <middle>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  36
     2.32. <name>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  37
     2.33. <note>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  37
     2.34. <ol>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  38
     2.35. <organization>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  40
     2.36. <phone> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  40
     2.37. <postal>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  41
     2.38. <postalLine>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  41
     2.39. <refcontent>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  42
     2.40. <reference> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  43
     2.41. <referencegroup>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  44
     2.42. <references>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  44
     2.43. <region>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  45
     2.44. <relref>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  45
     2.45. <rfc> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  49
     2.46. <section> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  53
     2.47. <seriesInfo>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  55
     2.48. <sourcecode>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  57
     2.49. <street>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  59
     2.50. <strong>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  59
     2.51. <sub> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  60
     2.52. <sup> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  61
     2.53. <t> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  62
     2.54. <table> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  64
     2.55. <tbody> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  64
     2.56. <td>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  65
     2.57. <tfoot> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  67
     2.58. <th>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  67
     2.59. <thead> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  69
     2.60. <title> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  69
     2.61. <tr>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  70
     2.62. <tt>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  70
     2.63. <ul>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  71
     2.64. <uri> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  72
     2.65. <workgroup> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  72
     2.66. <xref>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  72
     2.67. <svg> (in namespace http://www.w3.org/2000/svg) . . . . .  75
   3.  Elements from v2 That Have Been Deprecated  . . . . . . . . .  75
     3.1.  <c> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  75
     3.2.  <facsimile> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  76
     3.3.  <format>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  76
     3.4.  <list>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  76
     3.5.  <postamble> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  77
     3.6.  <preamble>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  78
     3.7.  <spanx> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  78
     3.8.  <texttable> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  79
     3.9.  <ttcol> . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  80



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     3.10. <vspace>  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  81
   4.  Internationalization Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . .  81
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  81
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  82
     6.1.  Internet Media Type Registration  . . . . . . . . . . . .  82
     6.2.  Link Relation Registration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  83
   7.  Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  84
   8.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  84
     8.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  84
     8.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  84
   Appendix A.  Front Page ('Boilerplate') Generation  . . . . . . .  87
     A.1.  The /rfc/@ipr Attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  87
       A.1.1.  Current Values: '*trust200902'  . . . . . . . . . . .  88
       A.1.2.  Historic Values . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  90
     A.2.  The /rfc/@submissionType Attribute  . . . . . . . . . . .  90
     A.3.  The /rfc/@consensus Attribute . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  91
   Appendix B.  The v3 Format and Processing Tools . . . . . . . . .  91
     B.1.  Including External Text with XInclude . . . . . . . . . .  93
     B.2.  Anchors and IDs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  93
       B.2.1.  Overlapping Values  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  94
     B.3.  Attributes Controlled by the Prep Tool  . . . . . . . . .  95
   Appendix C.  Relax NG Schema  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  97
   Appendix D.  Schema Differences from v2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114
   Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130



























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1.  Introduction

   This document describes version 3 ("v3") of the "XML2RFC" vocabulary;
   an XML-based language ('Extensible Markup Language', [XML]) used for
   writing RFCs ([RFC7322]) and Internet-Drafts ([IDGUIDE]).

   This document obsoletes the version 2 vocabulary ("v2") [XML2RFCv2],
   which contains the extended language definition.  That document in
   turn obsoletes the original version ("v1") [RFC2629].  This document
   directly copies the material from [XML2RFCv2] where possible; as that
   document makes its way toward RFC publication, this document will
   incorporate as many of the changes as possible.

   The v3 format will be used as part of the new RFC series described in
   [RFC6949].  The new format will be handled by one or more new tools
   for preparing the XML and converting it to other representations.
   Features of the expected tools are described in Appendix B.  That
   section defines some terms used throughout this document, such as
   "prep tool" and "formatter".

   Note that the vocabulary contains certain constructs that might not
   be used when generating of the final text; however, they can provide
   useful data for other uses (such as index generation, populating a
   keyword database, or syntax checks).

   In this document, the term "format" is used when describing types of
   documents, primarily XML and HTML.  The term "representation" is used
   when talking about a specific instatiation of a format, such as an
   XML document or an HTML document that was created by an XML document.

   The following two sections are a hopefully-complete list of all the
   technical changes between [XML2RFCv2] and this document, as well as
   the design criteria for those changes.

1.1.  Design Criteria for the Changes in v3

   The design criteria of the changes from v2 to v3 are:

   o  The intention is that starting and editing a v3 document will be
      easier than for a v2 document.

   o  There will be good v2-to-v3 conversion tools for when an author
      wants to change versions.

   o  There are no current plans to make v3 XML the required submission
      representation for drafts or RFCs.  That might happen eventually,
      but it is likely to be years away.




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   There is a desire to keep as much of the v2 grammar as makes sense
   within the above design criteria and not to make gratuitous changes
   to the v2 grammar.  Another way to say this is "we would rather
   encourage backward compatibility but not be constrained by it".
   Still, the goal of starting and editing a v3 document being easier
   than for a v2 document is more important than backwards compatibility
   with v2, given the latter two design criteria.

   v3 is upwards compatible with v2, meaning that a v2 document is meant
   to be a valid v3 document as well.  However, some features of v2 are
   deprecated in v3 in favor of new elements.  Deprecated features are
   listed in Section 1.2.3, and are described in [XML2RFCv2].

1.2.  Differences from v2 to v3

   The format changes in v3 are listed in the following subsections.

1.2.1.  New Elements in v3

   o  Add <dl>, <ul>, and <ol> as new ways to make lists.  This is a
      significant change from v2 in that the child under these elements
      is <li>, not <t>. <li> has a model of either containing one or
      more <t> elements, or containing the flowing text normally found
      in <t>.  These lists are children of <section>s and other lists
      instead of <t>.

   o  Add <strong>, <em>, <tt>, <sub>, and <sup> for character
      formatting.

   o  Add <aside> for incidental text that will be indented when
      displayed.

   o  Add <sourcecode> to differentiate from <artwork>.

   o  Add <table>, <thead>, <tbody>, <tfoot>, <tr>, <td>, and <th> to
      give table functionality like that in HTML.

   o  Add <boilerplate> to hold the automatically-generated boilerplate
      text.

   o  Add <blockquote> to indicate a quotation as in a paragraph-like
      format.

   o  Add <name> to sections, notes, figures, and texttables to allow
      character formatting (fixed-width font) in their titles, and to
      allow references in the names.





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   o  Add <postalLine>, free text that represents one line of the
      address.

   o  Add <displayreference> to allow display of more mneumonic anchor
      names for automatically-included references.

   o  Add <refcontent> to allow better control of text in a reference.

   o  Add <referencegroup> to allow referencing multi-RFC documents such
      as STDs and BCPs.

   o  Add <relref> to allow referncing specific sections or anchors in
      references.

   o  Add <link> to point to a resource related to the RFC.

   o  Add <br> to allow line breaks (but not blank lines) in the
      generated output for table cells.

   o  Add <svg> to allow easy inclusion of SVG drawings in <artwork>.

1.2.2.  New Attributes for Existing Elements

   o  Add "sortRefs", "symRefs", "tocDepth", and "tocInclude" attributes
      to <rfc> to cover processor instructions (PIs) that were in v2
      that are still needed in the grammar.  Add "prepTime" to indicate
      the time that the XML went through a preparation step.  Add
      "version" to indicate the version of XML2RFC vocabulary used in
      the document.  Add "scripts" to indicate which scripts are needed
      to render the document.  Add "expiresDate" when an Internet Draft
      expires.

   o  Add "ascii" attributes to <email>, <organization>, <street>,
      <city>, <region>, <country>, and <code>.  Also add
      "asciiFullname", "asciiInitials", and "asciiSurname" to <author>.
      This allows an author to specify their information in their native
      scripts as the primary entry and still allow the ASCII-equivalent
      values to appear in the processed documents.

   o  Add "anchor" attributes to many block elements to allow them to be
      linked with <relref> and <xref>.

   o  Add the "section", "relative", and "sectionFormat" attributes to
      <xref>.

   o  Add the "numbered" and "removeInRFC" attributes to <section>.





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   o  Add the "removeInRFC" attribute to <note>.

   o  Add "pn" to <artwork>, <aside>, <blockquote>, <boilerplate>,<dt>,
      <figure>, <li>, <section> <sourcecode>, <t>, and <table> to hold
      automatically generated numbers for items in a section that don't
      have their own numbering (namely figures and tables).

   o  Add "display" to <cref> to indicate to tools whether or not to
      display the comment.

   o  Add "keepWithNext" and "keepWithPrevious" to <t> as a hint to
      tools that do pagination that the should try to keep the paragraph
      with the next/previous element.

1.2.3.  Elements and Attributes Deprecated from v2

   Deprecated elements and attributes are legacy vocabulary from v2 that
   are supported for input to v3 tools.  They are likely to be removed
   from those tools in the future.  Instead of being listed in
   Section 2, they are listed in in Section 3.  See Appendix B for more
   information on tools and how they will handle deprecated features.

   o  Deprecate <list> in favor of <dl>, <ul>, and <ol>.

   o  Deprecate <spanx>; replace it with <strong>, <em>, and <tt>.

   o  Deprecate <vspace> because the major use for it, creating pseudo-
      paragraph-breaks in lists, is now handled properly.

   o  Deprecate <texttable>, <ttcol>, and <c>; replace them with the new
      table elements (<table> and the elements that can be contained
      within it).

   o  Deprecate <facsimile> because it is rarely used and is not
      actually useful; <email> is a much more useful way to get in touch
      with authors.

   o  Deprecate <format> because it is not useful and has caused
      surprise for authors in the past.  If the goal is to provide a
      single URI (Uniform Resource Identifier) for a reference, use the
      "target" attribute on <reference> instead.

   o  Deprecate <preamble> and <postamble> in favor of simply using <t>
      before or after the figure.  This also deprecates the "align"
      attribute in <figure>.

   o  Deprecate the "title" attribute in <section>, <note>, <figure>,
      <references>, and <texttable> in favor of the new <name>.



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   o  Deprecate the "alt", and "src" attributes in <figure> because they
      overlap with the attributes in <artwork>.

   o  Deprecate the "xml:space" attribute in <artwork> because there was
      only one useful value.  Deprecate "height" and "width" attribute
      in both <artwork> and <figure> because they are not needed for the
      new output formats.

   o  Deprecate the "pageno" attribute in <xref> because it was unused
      in v2.  Deprecate the "none" values for the "format" attribute in
      <xref> because it makes no sense semantically.

1.2.4.  Additional Changes from v2

   o  Allow non-ASCII characters in the format; the characters that are
      actually allowed will be determined by the RFC Editor.

   o  Allow <artwork> and <sourcecode> to be used on their own in
      <section> (no longer confine them to a figure).

   o  Give more specifics of handling the "type" attribute in <artwork>.

   o  Allow <strong>, <em>, <tt>, <eref>, and <xref> in <cref>.

   o  Allow the sub-elements inside a <reference> to be in any order.

   o  Turned off the auto-generation of anchors in <cref> because there
      is no use case for them that cannot be achieved in other ways.

   o  Allow more than one <artwork>, or more than one <sourcecode>, in
      <figure>.

   o  In <front>, make <date> optional.

   o  In <postal>, allow the sub-elements to be in any order.  Also
      allow the inclusion of the new <postalLine> instead of the older
      elements.

   o  In <section>, restricted the names of the anchors that can be used
      on some types of sections.

   o  Made <seriesInfo> a child of <front>, and deprecated it as a child
      of <reference>.  This also deprecates some of the attributes from
      <rfc> and moves them into <seriesInfo>.

   o  <t> now only contains non-block elements, so it no longer contains
      <figure> elements.




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   o  Do not generate the grammar from a DTD, but instead get it
      directly from the Relax Next Generation (RNG) grammar [RNG].

1.3.  Syntax Notation

   The XML vocabulary here is defined in prose, based on the Relax NG
   schema ([RNC]) contained in Appendix C (specified in Relax NG Compact
   Notation, "RNC").

   Note that the schema can be used for automated validity checks, but
   certain constraints are only described in prose (example: the
   conditionally required presence of the "abbrev" attribute).

2.  Elements

   The sections below describe all elements and their attributes.

   Note that attributes not labeled "mandatory" are optional.

   Many elements have an optional "anchor" attribute.  In all cases, the
   value of the "anchor" attribute needs to be a valid XML "Name"
   (Section 2.3 of [XML]), additionally constrained to US-ASCII
   characters ([USASCII]).  Thus, the character repertoire consists of
   "A-Z", "a-z", "0-9", "_", "-", ".", and ":", where "0-9", ".", and
   "-" are disallowed as start character.  Anchors are described in more
   detail in Appendix B.2.

   Tools interpreting the XML described here will collapse horizontal
   whitespace and linebreaks to a single whitespace (except inside
   <artwork> and <sourcecode>), and will trim leading and trailing
   whitespace.

   Some of the elements have attributes that are not described in this
   section because those elements are specific to the prep tool.  People
   writing tools to process this format should read all of the
   appendices for a complete description of these attributes.

   Every element in the v3 vocabulary can have an "xml:lang" attribute,
   an "xml:base" attribute, or both.  The xml:lang attribute specifies
   the language used in the element.  This is sometimes useful for
   renderers which display different fonts for ideographic characters
   used in China and Japan.  The xml:base attribute is sometimes added
   to an XML file when doing XML-to-XML conversion where the base file
   has XInclude atttributes (see Appendix B.1).  These attributes are
   not listed in the element descriptions here, but will later be added
   to the RNG used for the v3 tools.





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2.1.  <abstract>

   Contains the abstract of the document.  See [RFC7322] for more
   information on restrictions for the abstract.

   This element appears as a child element of: <front> (Section 2.26).

   Content model:

   In any order, but at least one of:

   o  <dl> elements (Section 2.20)

   o  <ol> elements (Section 2.34)

   o  <t> elements (Section 2.53)

   o  <ul> elements (Section 2.63)

2.1.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for the abstract.

2.2.  <address>

   Provides address information for the author.

   This element appears as a child element of: <author> (Section 2.7).

   Content model:

   In this order:

   1.  One optional <postal> element (Section 2.37)

   2.  One optional <phone> element (Section 2.36)

   3.  One optional <facsimile> element (Section 3.2)

   4.  One optional <email> element (Section 2.23)

   5.  One optional <uri> element (Section 2.64)

2.3.  <annotation>

   Provides additional prose augmenting a bibliographical reference.
   This text is intended to be shown after the rest of the generated
   reference text.



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   This element appears as a child element of: <reference>
   (Section 2.40).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  Text

   o  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

   o  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

   o  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

   o  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

   o  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

   o  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)

   o  <spanx> elements (Section 3.7)

   o  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

   o  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

   o  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

   o  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

   o  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)

2.4.  <area>

   Provides information about the IETF area to which this document
   relates (currently not used when generating documents).

   The value ought to be either the full name or the abbreviation of one
   of the IETF areas as listed on <http://www.ietf.org/iesg/area.html>.
   The list at the time that this document is being published is:
   "Applications", "app", "General", "gen", "Internet", "int",
   "Operations and Management", "ops", "Real-time Applications and
   Infrastructure", "rai", "Routing", "rtg", "Security", "sec",
   "Transport", "tsv".

   This element appears as a child element of: <front> (Section 2.26).




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   Content model: only text content.

2.5.  <artwork>

   This element allows the inclusion of "artwork" into the document.
   <artwork> provides full control of horizontal whitespace and line
   breaks, and thus is used for a variety of things, such as diagrams
   ("line art") and protocol unit diagrams.

   Alternatively, the "src" attribute allows referencing an external
   graphics file, such as a vector drawing in SVG or a bitmap graphic
   file, using a URI.  In this case, the textual content acts as
   fallback for output representations that do not support graphics, and
   thus ought to contain either a "line art" variant of the graphics, or
   otherwise prose that describes the included image in sufficient
   detail.

   If the artwork includes either "&" or "<" characters, or the string
   "]]>" those characters need to be encoded using escaping or CDATA
   block(s); see <sourcecode> for a fuller description of these
   solutions.

   In [XML2RFCv2], the <artwork> element was also used for source code
   and formal languages; in v3, this is now done with <sourcecode>.

   There are at least five ways to include SVG in artwork in Internet
   Drafts:

   o  Inline, by including all of the SVG in the content of the element,
      such as: <artwork type="svg"><svg xmlns...">

   o  Inline, but using XInclude (see Appendix B.1), such as: <artwork
      type="svg"><xi:include href=...>

   o  As a data: URI, such as: <artwork type="svg" src="data:image/
      svg+xml,%3Csvg%20xmlns%3D%22http%3A%2F%2Fwww.w3...">

   o  As a URI to an external entity, such as: <artwork type="svg"
      src="http://www.example.com/...">

   o  As a local file, such as: <artwork type="svg" src="diagram12.svg">

   The use of SVG in Internet Drafts and RFCs is covered in much more
   detail in [SVGforRFCs].

   The above methods for inclusion of SVG art can also be used for
   including text artwork, but using a data: URI is probably confusing
   for text artwork.



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   Formatters that do pagination should attempt to keep artwork on a
   single page.  This is to prevent artwork that is split across pages
   from looking like two separate pieces of artwork.

   This element appears as a child element of: <aside> (Section 2.6),
   <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <dd> (Section 2.18), <figure>
   (Section 2.25), <li> (Section 2.29), <section> (Section 2.46), <td>
   (Section 2.56), and <th> (Section 2.58).

   Content model:

   Either:

      Text

   Or:

      <svg> elements (Section 2.67)

2.5.1.  'align' attribute

   Controls whether the artwork appears left justified (default),
   centered, or right justified.

   Allowed values:

   o  "left" (default)

   o  "center"

   o  "right"

2.5.2.  'alt' attribute

   Alternative text description of the artwork (which is more than just
   a summary or caption).  When the art comes from the "src" attribute,
   and the format of that artwork supports alternate text, the
   alternative text comes from the text of the artwork itself, not from
   this attribute.  The contents of this attribute are important to
   readers who are visually impaired, as well as those reading on
   devices that cannot show the artwork well, or at all.

2.5.3.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for this artwork.






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2.5.4.  'height' attribute

   Deprecated.

2.5.5.  'name' attribute

   A filename suitable for the contents (such as for extraction to a
   local file).  This attribute can be helpful for other kinds of tools
   (such as automated syntax checkers which work by extracting the
   artwork).  Note that the "name" attribute does not need to be unique
   for artwork elements in a document.  If multiple artwork elements
   have the same name attribute, a processing tool might assume that the
   elements are all fragments of a single file, and the tool can collect
   those fragments for later processing.

2.5.6.  'src' attribute

   The URI reference of a graphics file ([RFC3986]), or the name of a
   file on the local disk.  This can be a "data" URI ([RFC2397]) that
   contains the contents of the graphics file.  Note that the inclusion
   of art with the "src" attribute depends on the capabilities of the
   processing tool reading the XML document.  Tools need to be able to
   handle the file: URI, and should be able to handle http: and https:
   URIs as well.  The prep tool will be able to handle reading the "src"
   attribute.

   If no URI scheme is given in the attribute, the attribute is
   considered to be a local file name.  Processing tools must be careful
   to not accept dangerous values for the filename, particularly those
   that contain absolute references outside the current directory.

   In some cases, the prep tool may remove the "src" attribute after
   processing its value.  See [PREPTOOL] for a description of this.

   It is an error to have both a "src" attribute and content in the
   <artwork> element.

2.5.7.  'type' attribute

   Specifies the type of the artwork.  The value of this attribute is
   free text with certain values designated as preferred.

   The preferred values for <artwork> types are:

   o  ascii-art

   o  binary-art




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   o  call-flow

   o  hex-dump

   o  svg

   The RFC Editor will maintain a complete list of the preferred values
   on its web site, and that list is expected to be updated over time.
   Thus, a consumer of v3 XML should not cause a failure when it
   encounters an unexpected type.

2.5.8.  'width' attribute

   Deprecated.

2.5.9.  'xml:space' attribute

   Deprecated.

2.6.  <aside>

   This element is a container for content that is semantically less
   important or tangential to the content that surrounds it.

   This element appears as a child element of: <section> (Section 2.46).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  <artwork> elements (Section 2.5)

   o  <dl> elements (Section 2.20)

   o  <figure> elements (Section 2.25)

   o  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

   o  <list> elements (Section 3.4)

   o  <ol> elements (Section 2.34)

   o  <t> elements (Section 2.53)

   o  <table> elements (Section 2.54)

   o  <ul> elements (Section 2.63)




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2.6.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for this aside.

2.7.  <author>

   Provides information about a document's author.  This is used both
   for the document itself (at the beginning of the document) and for
   referenced documents.

   The <author> elements contained within the document's <front> element
   are used to fill the boilerplate, and also to generate the "Author's
   Address" section (see [RFC7322]).

   Note that an "author" can also be just an organization (by not
   specifying any of the name attributes, but adding the <organization>
   child element).

   Furthermore, the "role" attribute can be used to mark an author as
   "editor".  This is reflected both on the front page and in
   bibliographical references.  Note that this specification does not
   define a precise meaning for the term "editor".

   See Section "Authors vs. Contributors" of [RFCPOLICY] for more
   information.

   This element appears as a child element of: <front> (Section 2.26).

   Content model:

   In this order:

   1.  One optional <organization> element (Section 2.35)

   2.  One optional <address> element (Section 2.2)

2.7.1.  'asciiFullname' attribute

   The ASCII equivalent of the author's full name.

2.7.2.  'asciiInitials' attribute

   The ASCII equivalent of the author's intials.

2.7.3.  'asciiSurname' attribute

   The ASCII equivalent of the author's surname.




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2.7.4.  'fullname' attribute

   The full name (used in the automatically generated "Author's Address"
   section).

2.7.5.  'initials' attribute

   Author initials (used on the front page and in references).

   The value contains one or more initials, each followed by a period.
   Initials should be provided as a whitespace separated list of pairs
   of a letter and a dot.

2.7.6.  'role' attribute

   Specifies the role the author had in creating the document.

   Allowed values:

   o  "editor"

2.7.7.  'surname' attribute

   The author's surname (used on the front page and in references).

2.8.  <back>

   Contains the "back" part of the document: the references and
   appendices.  In <back>, <section> elements indicate appendices.

   This element appears as a child element of: <rfc> (Section 2.45).

   Content model:

   In this order:

   1.  Optional <displayreference> elements (Section 2.19)

   2.  Optional <references> elements (Section 2.42)

   3.  Optional <section> elements (Section 2.46)

2.9.  <bcp14>

   Marks text that are phrases defined in BCP 14 such as "MUST", "SHOULD
   NOT", and so on.  When shown in some of the output representations,
   the text in this element might be highlighted.  The use of this
   element is optional.



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   This element is only to be used around the actual phrase from BCP 14,
   not the full definition of a requirement.  For example, it is correct
   to say "The packet <bcp14>MUST</bcp14> be dropped.", but it not
   correct to say "<bcp14>The packet MUST be dropped.</bcp14>".

   This element appears as a child element of: <annotation>
   (Section 2.3), <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <dd> (Section 2.18), <dt>
   (Section 2.21), <em> (Section 2.22), <li> (Section 2.29), <preamble>
   (Section 3.6), <refcontent> (Section 2.39), <strong> (Section 2.50),
   <sub> (Section 2.51), <sup> (Section 2.52), <t> (Section 2.53), <td>
   (Section 2.56), <th> (Section 2.58), and <tt> (Section 2.62).

   Content model: only text content.

2.10.  <blockquote>

   Specifies a block of text is a quotation.

   This element appears as a child element of: <section> (Section 2.46).

   Content model:

   Either:

      In any order, but at least one of:


      *  <artwork> elements (Section 2.5)

      *  <dl> elements (Section 2.20)

      *  <figure> elements (Section 2.25)

      *  <ol> elements (Section 2.34)

      *  <sourcecode> elements (Section 2.48)

      *  <t> elements (Section 2.53)

      *  <ul> elements (Section 2.63)


   Or:

      In any order, but at least one of:






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      *  Text

      *  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

      *  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

      *  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

      *  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

      *  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

      *  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)

      *  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

      *  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

      *  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

      *  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

      *  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)


2.10.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for this quotation.

2.10.2.  'cite' attribute

   The source of the citation.  This must be a URI.  If the quotedFrom
   attribute is given, this URI will be used by processing tools as the
   link for the text of that attribute.

2.10.3.  'quotedFrom' attribute

   Name of person or document the text in this element is quoted from.
   A formatter should render this as visible text at the end of the
   quotation.

2.11.  <boilerplate>

   Holds the boilerplate text for the document.  This section is filled
   in by the prep tool.

   This element appears as a child element of: <front> (Section 2.26).




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   Content model:

   One or more <section> elements (Section 2.46)

2.12.  <br>

   Indicates that a line break should be inserted in the generated
   output by a formatting tool.  Multiple successive instances of this
   element do not cause blank lines to appear in the output, and is thus
   not useful.

   This element appears as a child element of: <td> (Section 2.56), and
   <th> (Section 2.58).

   Content model: this element does not have any contents.

2.13.  <city>

   Gives the city name in a postal address.

   This element appears as a child element of: <postal> (Section 2.37).

   Content model: only text content.

2.13.1.  'ascii' attribute

   The ASCII equivalent of the city name.

2.14.  <code>

   Gives the postal region code.

   This element appears as a child element of: <postal> (Section 2.37).

   Content model: only text content.

2.14.1.  'ascii' attribute

   The ASCII equivalent of the postal code.

2.15.  <country>

   Gives the country name or code in a postal address.

   This element appears as a child element of: <postal> (Section 2.37).

   Content model: only text content.




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2.15.1.  'ascii' attribute

   The ASCII equivalent of the country name.

2.16.  <cref>

   Represents a comment.

   Comments can be used in a document while it is work-in-progress.
   They might appear either inline and visually highlighted, at the end
   of the document, or not at all, depending on the formatting tool.

   This element appears as a child element of: <annotation>
   (Section 2.3), <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <c> (Section 3.1), <dd>
   (Section 2.18), <dt> (Section 2.21), <em> (Section 2.22), <li>
   (Section 2.29), <name> (Section 2.32), <postamble> (Section 3.5),
   <preamble> (Section 3.6), <strong> (Section 2.50), <sub>
   (Section 2.51), <sup> (Section 2.52), <t> (Section 2.53), <td>
   (Section 2.56), <th> (Section 2.58), <tt> (Section 2.62), and <ttcol>
   (Section 3.9).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  Text

   o  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

   o  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

   o  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)

   o  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

   o  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

   o  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

   o  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

   o  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)

2.16.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for this comment.





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2.16.2.  'display' attribute

   Suggests whether or not the the comment should be displayed by
   formatting tools.  This might be set to "false" if you want to keep a
   comment in a document after the contents of the comment have already
   been dealt with.

   Allowed values:

   o  "true" (default)

   o  "false"

2.16.3.  'source' attribute

   Holds the "source" of a comment, such as the name or the initials of
   the person who made the comment.

2.17.  <date>

   Provides information about the publication date.

   Note that this element is used both for the boilerplate of the
   document being produced, and also inside bibliographic references
   that use the <front> element.

   In the boilerplate case, it defines the date of publication for the
   current document (Internet Draft or RFC).  When producing Internet-
   Drafts, the prep tool uses this date to compute the expiration date
   (see [IDGUIDE]).  When one or more of "year", "month", or "day" are
   left out, the prep tool will attempt to use the current system date
   if the attributes that are present are consistent with that date.

   Also in the first case, that month names, if given, need to match the
   full English month name: "January", "February", "March", "April",
   "May, "June", "July", "August", "September", "October", "November",
   or "December".

   When the prep tool is used to create Internet Drafts, it will reject
   a submitted Internet Draft that has a <date> element in the
   boilerplate for itself that is anything other than today.  That is,
   the tool will not allow a submitter to specify a date other than the
   day of submission.  To avoid this problem, authors might simply not
   include a <date> element in the boilerplate.

   In the case of bibliographic references, the date information can
   have prose text for the month or year.  For example, vague dates
   (year="ca. 2000"), date ranges (year="2012-2013"), non-specific



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   months (month="Second quarter") and so on, are allowed.

   This element appears as a child element of: <front> (Section 2.26).

   Content model: this element does not have any contents.

2.17.1.  'day' attribute

   In the "boilerplate" case: the day of publication; this is a number.
   Otherwise: an indication of the publication day, with the format not
   being restricted.

2.17.2.  'month' attribute

   In the "boilerplate" case: the month of publication; this is the
   English name of the month.  Otherwise: an indication of the
   publication month, with the format not being restricted.

2.17.3.  'year' attribute

   In the "boilerplate" case: the year of publication; this is a number
   (usually four-digit).  Otherwise: an indication of the publication
   year, with the format not being restricted.

2.18.  <dd>

   The definition part of an entry in a definition list.

   This element appears as a child element of: <dl> (Section 2.20).

   Content model:

   Either:

      In any order, but at least one of:


      *  <artwork> elements (Section 2.5)

      *  <dl> elements (Section 2.20)

      *  <figure> elements (Section 2.25)

      *  <ol> elements (Section 2.34)

      *  <sourcecode> elements (Section 2.48)





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      *  <t> elements (Section 2.53)

      *  <ul> elements (Section 2.63)


   Or:

      In any order, but at least one of:


      *  Text

      *  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

      *  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

      *  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

      *  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

      *  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

      *  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)

      *  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

      *  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

      *  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

      *  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

      *  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)


2.18.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for this definition.

2.19.  <displayreference>

   This element gives a mapping between the anchor of a reference and a
   name that will be displayed instead.  This allows authors to display
   more mneumonic anchor names for automatically-included references.
   For example, if the reference uses the anchor "RFC6949", the
   following would cause that anchor in the body of displayed documents
   to be "RFC-dev":




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   <displayreference target="RFC6449" to="RFC-dev"/>

   If a reference section is sorted, this element changes the sort
   order.

   This element appears as a child element of: <back> (Section 2.8).

   Content model: this element does not have any contents.

2.19.1.  'target' attribute (mandatory)

   This attribute must be the name of an anchor in a <reference>
   element.

2.19.2.  'to' attribute (mandatory)

   This attribute is a name that will be displayed as the anchor instead
   of the anchor that is given in the <reference> element.  The string
   given must start with one of the following characters: 0-9, a-z, A-Z.
   The other characters in the string must be 0-9, a-z, A-Z, "-", ".",
   and "_".

2.20.  <dl>

   A definition list.  Each entry has a pair of elements: a term (<dt>)
   and a definition (<dd>).  (This is slightly different than the model
   used in HTML, whicl allows for multiple terms for a single
   definition.)

   This element appears as a child element of: <abstract> (Section 2.1),
   <aside> (Section 2.6), <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <dd>
   (Section 2.18), <li> (Section 2.29), <note> (Section 2.33), <section>
   (Section 2.46), <td> (Section 2.56), and <th> (Section 2.58).

   Content model:

   One or more sequences of:

   1.  One <dt> element

   2.  One <dd> element

2.20.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for the list.






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2.20.2.  'hanging' attribute

   The hanging attribute defines whether or not the term appears on the
   same line as the definition. hanging="true" indicates that the term
   is to the left of the definition, while hanging="false" indicates
   that the term will be on a separate line.

   Allowed values:

   o  "false"

   o  "true" (default)

2.20.3.  'spacing' attribute

   Defines whether or not there is a blank line between entries.
   spacing="normal" indicates a single blank line, while
   spacing="compact" indicates no space between.

   Allowed values:

   o  "normal" (default)

   o  "compact"

2.21.  <dt>

   The term being defined in a definition list.

   This element appears as a child element of: <dl> (Section 2.20).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  Text

   o  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

   o  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

   o  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

   o  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

   o  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)





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   o  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)

   o  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

   o  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

   o  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

   o  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

   o  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)

2.21.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for this term.

2.22.  <em>

   Indicates text that is semantically empahsized.  This element will be
   displayed as italic after processing.  This element can be combined
   with other character formatting elements, and the formatting will be
   additive.

   This element appears as a child element of: <annotation>
   (Section 2.3), <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <cref> (Section 2.16),
   <dd> (Section 2.18), <dt> (Section 2.21), <li> (Section 2.29),
   <preamble> (Section 3.6), <refcontent> (Section 2.39), <strong>
   (Section 2.50), <sub> (Section 2.51), <sup> (Section 2.52), <t>
   (Section 2.53), <td> (Section 2.56), <th> (Section 2.58), and <tt>
   (Section 2.62).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  Text

   o  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

   o  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

   o  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

   o  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

   o  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)





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   o  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

   o  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

   o  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

   o  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

   o  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)

2.23.  <email>

   Provides an email address.

   The value is expected to be the scheme-specific part of a "mailto"
   URI (so does not include the prefix "mailto:").  See Section 2 of
   [RFC6068] for details.

   This element appears as a child element of: <address> (Section 2.2).

   Content model: only text content.

2.23.1.  'ascii' attribute

   The ASCII equivalent of the author's email address.  This is only
   used if the email address has one or two internationalized
   components.

2.24.  <eref>

   Represents an "external" link (as specified in the "target"
   attribute).  This is useful for embedding URIs in the body of a
   document.

   If the <eref> element has non-empty text content, formatters should
   use the content as the displayed text that is linked.  Otherwise the
   formatter should use the value of the "target" attribute as the
   displayed text.  Formatters will link the displayed text to the value
   of the "target" attribute in a manner appropriate for the output
   format.

   For example, with an input of:

         This is described at
         <eref target="http://www.example.com/reports/r12.html"/>.

   An HTML formatter might generate




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         This is described at
         <a href="http://www.example.com/reports/r12.html">
         http://www.example.com/reports/r12.html</a>.

   With an input of:

         This is described
         <eref target="http://www.example.com/reports/r12.html">
         in this interesting report</eref>.

   An HTML formatter might generate

         This is described
         <a href="http://www.example.com/reports/r12.html">
         in this interesting report</a>.

   This element appears as a child element of: <annotation>
   (Section 2.3), <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <c> (Section 3.1), <cref>
   (Section 2.16), <dd> (Section 2.18), <dt> (Section 2.21), <em>
   (Section 2.22), <li> (Section 2.29), <name> (Section 2.32),
   <postamble> (Section 3.5), <preamble> (Section 3.6), <strong>
   (Section 2.50), <sub> (Section 2.51), <sup> (Section 2.52), <t>
   (Section 2.53), <td> (Section 2.56), <th> (Section 2.58), <tt>
   (Section 2.62), and <ttcol> (Section 3.9).

   Content model: only text content.

2.24.1.  'target' attribute (mandatory)

   URI of the link target (see Section 3 of [RFC3986]).  This must begin
   with a scheme name (such as "https://") and thus not be relative to
   the URL of the current document.

2.25.  <figure>

   Contains a figure with a caption with the figure number.  If the
   element contains a <name> element, the caption will also show that
   name.

   This element appears as a child element of: <aside> (Section 2.6),
   <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <dd> (Section 2.18), <li>
   (Section 2.29), <section> (Section 2.46), <td> (Section 2.56), and
   <th> (Section 2.58).

   Content model:

   In this order:




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   1.  One optional <name> element (Section 2.32)

   2.  Optional <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

   3.  One optional <preamble> element (Section 3.6)

   4.  In any order, but at least one of:


       *  <artwork> elements (Section 2.5)

       *  <sourcecode> elements (Section 2.48)


   5.  One optional <postamble> element (Section 3.5)

2.25.1.  'align' attribute

   Deprecated.

   Note: does not affect title or <artwork> alignment.

   Allowed values:

   o  "left" (default)

   o  "center"

   o  "right"

2.25.2.  'alt' attribute

   Deprecated.  If the goal is to provide a single URI for a reference,
   use the "target" attribute on <reference> instead.

2.25.3.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for this figure.

2.25.4.  'height' attribute

   Deprecated.

2.25.5.  'src' attribute

   Deprecated.





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2.25.6.  'suppress-title' attribute

   Deprecated.  Figures always now get captions.

   Allowed values:

   o  "true"

   o  "false" (default)

2.25.7.  'title' attribute

   Deprecated.  Use <name> instead.

2.25.8.  'width' attribute

   Deprecated.

2.26.  <front>

   Represent the "front matter": metadata (such as author information),
   abstract, and additional notes.

   A <front> element may have more than one <seriesInfo> elements.  A
   <seriesInfo> element determines the document number (for RFCs) or
   name (for Internet-Drafts).  Another <seriesInfo> element determines
   the "maturity level" (see Section 4 of [RFC2026]), using values of
   "std" for "Standards Track", "bcp" for "BCP", "info" for
   "Informational", "exp" for "Experimental", and "historic" for
   "Historic".  The "name" attributes of those multiple <seriesInfo>
   elements interact as described in the section on <seriesInfo>.

   This element appears as a child element of: <reference>
   (Section 2.40), and <rfc> (Section 2.45).

   Content model:

   In this order:

   1.   One <title> element (Section 2.60)

   2.   One or more <author> elements (Section 2.7)

   3.   One optional <date> element (Section 2.17)

   4.   Optional <area> elements (Section 2.4)





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   5.   Optional <workgroup> elements (Section 2.65)

   6.   Optional <keyword> elements (Section 2.28)

   7.   One optional <abstract> element (Section 2.1)

   8.   Optional <seriesInfo> elements (Section 2.47)

   9.   Optional <note> elements (Section 2.33)

   10.  One optional <boilerplate> element (Section 2.11)

2.27.  <iref>

   Provides terms for the document's index.

   Index entries can be either be regular entries (when just the "item"
   attribute is given) or nested entries (by specifying "subitem" as
   well), grouped under a regular entry.

   Index entries generally refer to the exact place where the <iref>
   element occured.  An exception is the occurence as a child element of
   <section>, in which case the whole section is considered to be
   relevant for that index entry.  In some formats, index entries of
   this type might be displayed as range.

   When the prep tool is creating index content, it collects the items
   in a case-senstive fashion for both the item and subitem level.

   This element appears as a child element of: <annotation>
   (Section 2.3), <aside> (Section 2.6), <blockquote> (Section 2.10),
   <c> (Section 3.1), <dd> (Section 2.18), <dt> (Section 2.21), <em>
   (Section 2.22), <figure> (Section 2.25), <li> (Section 2.29),
   <postamble> (Section 3.5), <preamble> (Section 3.6), <section>
   (Section 2.46), <strong> (Section 2.50), <sub> (Section 2.51), <sup>
   (Section 2.52), <t> (Section 2.53), <table> (Section 2.54), <td>
   (Section 2.56), <th> (Section 2.58), <tt> (Section 2.62), and <ttcol>
   (Section 3.9).

   Content model: this element does not have any contents.

2.27.1.  'item' attribute (mandatory)

   The item to include.







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2.27.2.  'primary' attribute

   Setting this to "true" declares the occurrence as "primary", which
   might cause it to be highlighted in the index.

   Allowed values:

   o  "true"

   o  "false" (default)

2.27.3.  'subitem' attribute

   The subitem to include.

2.28.  <keyword>

   Specifies a keyword applicable to the document.

   Note that each element should only contain a single keyword; for
   multiple keywords, the element can simply be repeated.

   Keywords are used both in the RFC Index and in the metadata of
   generated document representations.

   This element appears as a child element of: <front> (Section 2.26).

   Content model: only text content.

2.29.  <li>

   A list element, used in <ol> and <ul>.

   This element appears as a child element of: <ol> (Section 2.34), and
   <ul> (Section 2.63).

   Content model:

   Either:

      In any order, but at least one of:


      *  <artwork> elements (Section 2.5)

      *  <dl> elements (Section 2.20)





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      *  <figure> elements (Section 2.25)

      *  <ol> elements (Section 2.34)

      *  <sourcecode> elements (Section 2.48)

      *  <t> elements (Section 2.53)

      *  <ul> elements (Section 2.63)


   Or:

      In any order, but at least one of:


      *  Text

      *  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

      *  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

      *  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

      *  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

      *  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

      *  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)

      *  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

      *  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

      *  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

      *  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

      *  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)


2.29.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for this list item.







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2.30.  <link>

   A link to an external document that is related to the RFC.

   The following are the supported types of external documents that can
   be pointed to in a <link> element:

   o  The current ISSN for the RFC Series.  The value for the "rel"
      attribute is "item".  The link should use the form "urn:issn:".

   o  The DOI for this document.  The value for the "rel" attribute is
      "describedBy".  The link should use the form specified in [DOI].

   o  The Internet Draft that was submitted to the RFC Editor to become
      the published RFC.  The value for the "rel" attribute is
      "derivedFrom".  The link should be to an IETF-controlled web site
      that retains copies of Internet Drafts.

   o  A representation of the document offered by the document author.
      The value for the "rel" attribute is "alternate".  The link can be
      to a personally-run web site.

   In RFC production mode, the prep tool needs to check the values for
   <link> before an RFC is published.  In draft production mode, the
   prep tool might remove some <link> elements during the draft
   submission process.

   This element appears as a child element of: <rfc> (Section 2.45).

   Content model: this element does not have any contents.

2.30.1.  'href' attribute (mandatory)

   The URI of the external document.

2.30.2.  'rel' attribute

   The relationship of the external document to this one.  The
   relationships are taken from Link Relations registry maintained by
   IANA [LINKRELATIONS].

2.31.  <middle>

   Represents the main content of the document.

   This element appears as a child element of: <rfc> (Section 2.45).

   Content model:



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   One or more <section> elements (Section 2.46)

2.32.  <name>

   The name of the section, note, figure, or texttable.  This name can
   have flow markup such as to make some characters use a fixed-width
   font, or to include references.

   This element appears as a child element of: <figure> (Section 2.25),
   <note> (Section 2.33), <references> (Section 2.42), <section>
   (Section 2.46), <table> (Section 2.54), and <texttable>
   (Section 3.8).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  Text

   o  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

   o  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

   o  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)

   o  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

   o  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)

2.33.  <note>

   Creates an unnumbered section that appears after the abstract.

   It is usually used for additional information to reviewers (working
   group information, mailing list, ...), or for additional publication
   information such as "IESG Notes".

   This element appears as a child element of: <front> (Section 2.26).

   Content model:

   In this order:

   1.  One optional <name> element (Section 2.32)

   2.  In any order, but at least one of:





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       *  <dl> elements (Section 2.20)

       *  <ol> elements (Section 2.34)

       *  <t> elements (Section 2.53)

       *  <ul> elements (Section 2.63)


2.33.1.  'removeInRFC' attribute

   If set to "true", this note is marked in the prep tool with text
   indicating that it should be removed before the document is published
   as an RFC.

   Allowed values:

   o  "true"

   o  "false" (default)

2.33.2.  'title' attribute

   Deprecated.  Use <name> instead.

2.34.  <ol>

   An ordered list.  The labels on the items will be either a number or
   a letter, depending on the value of the style attribute.

   This element appears as a child element of: <abstract> (Section 2.1),
   <aside> (Section 2.6), <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <dd>
   (Section 2.18), <li> (Section 2.29), <note> (Section 2.33), <section>
   (Section 2.46), <td> (Section 2.56), and <th> (Section 2.58).

   Content model:

   One or more <li> elements (Section 2.29)

2.34.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for the list.

2.34.2.  'group' attribute

   When the prep tool sees an <ol> element with a "group" attribute that
   has already been seen, it continues the numbering of the list from
   where the previous list with the same group name left off.  If an



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   <ol> element has both a "group" and "start" attribute, the group's
   numbering is reset to the given start value.

2.34.3.  'spacing' attribute

   Defines whether or not there is a blank line between entries.
   spacing="normal" indicates a single blank line, while
   spacing="compact" indicates no space between.

   Allowed values:

   o  "normal" (default)

   o  "compact"

2.34.4.  'start' attribute

   The ordinal value to start the list at.  This defaults to "1", and
   must be an integer of 0 or greater.

2.34.5.  'type' attribute

   The type of the labels on list items.  If the length of the type
   value is 1, the meaning is the same as it is for HTML:

   a  Lowercase letters (a, b, c, ...)

   A  Uppercase letters (A, B, C, ...)

   1  Decimal numbers (1, 2, 3, ...)

   i  Lowercase Roman numerals (i, ii, iii, ...)

   I  Uppercase Roman numerals (I, II, III, ...)

   For type "a" and "A", after the 26th entry, the numbering starts at
   "aa"/"AA", then "ab"/"AB", and so on.

   If the length of the type value is greater than 1, the value must
   contain a percent-encoded indicator and other text.  The value is a
   free-form text that allows counter values to be inserted using a
   "percent-letter" format.  For instance, "[REQ%d]" generates labels of
   the form "[REQ1]", where "%d" inserts the item number as decimal
   number.

   The following formats are supported:





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   %c Lowercase letters (a, b, c, ...)

   %C Uppercase letters (A, B, C, ...)

   %d Decimal numbers (1, 2, 3, ...)

   %i Lowercase Roman numerals (i, ii, iii, ...)

   %I Uppercase Roman numerals (I, II, III, ...)

   %% Represents a percent sign

   Other formats are reserved for future use.

   It is an error for the type string to be empty.  For bulleted lists,
   you use the <ul> element.  For lists that have neither bullets nor
   numbers, use the <ul> element with the 'empty="true"' attribute.

   If no type attribute is given, the default type is the same as
   "type='%d.'".

2.35.  <organization>

   Specifies the affiliation of an author.

   This information appears in both the "Author's Address" section and
   on the front page (see [RFC7322] for more information).  If the value
   is long, an abbreviated variant can be specified in the "abbrev"
   attribute.

   This element appears as a child element of: <author> (Section 2.7).

   Content model: only text content.

2.35.1.  'abbrev' attribute

   Abbreviated variant.

2.35.2.  'ascii' attribute

   The ASCII equivalent of the organization's name.

2.36.  <phone>

   Represents a phone number.

   The value is expected to be the scheme-specific part of a "tel" URI
   (so does not include the prefix "tel:"), using the "global numbers"



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   syntax.  See Section 3 of [RFC3966] for details.

   This element appears as a child element of: <address> (Section 2.2).

   Content model: only text content.

2.37.  <postal>

   Contains optional child elements providing postal information.  These
   elements will be displayed in an order that is specific to
   formatters.  A postal address can contain only a set of <street>,
   <city>, <region>, <code>, and <country> elements, or only an ordered
   set of <postalLine> elements, but not both.

   This element appears as a child element of: <address> (Section 2.2).

   Content model:

   Either:

      In any order:


      *  <city> elements (Section 2.13)

      *  <code> elements (Section 2.14)

      *  <country> elements (Section 2.15)

      *  <region> elements (Section 2.43)

      *  <street> elements (Section 2.49)


   Or:

      One or more <postalLine> elements (Section 2.38)

2.38.  <postalLine>

   Represents one line of a postal address.  When more than one
   <postalLine> is given, the prep tool emits them in the order given.

   This element appears as a child element of: <postal> (Section 2.37).

   Content model: only text content.





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2.38.1.  'ascii' attribute

   The ASCII equivalent of the text in the address line.

2.39.  <refcontent>

   Text that should appear between the title and the date of a
   reference.  The purpose of this element is to prevent the need to
   abuse <seriesInfo> to get such text in a reference.

   For example:

   <reference anchor="April1">
     <front>
       <title>On Being A Fool</title>
       <author initials="K." surname="Phunny" fullname="Knot Phunny"/>
       <date year="2000" month="April"/>
     </front>
     <refcontent>Self-published pamphlet</refcontent>
   </reference>

   would render as:

      [April1]     Phunny, K., "On Being A Fool", Self-published
                   pamphlet, April 2000.

   This element appears as a child element of: <reference>
   (Section 2.40).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  Text

   o  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

   o  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

   o  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

   o  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

   o  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

   o  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)





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2.40.  <reference>

   Represents a bibliographical reference.

   This element appears as a child element of: <referencegroup>
   (Section 2.41), and <references> (Section 2.42).

   Content model:

   In this order:

   1.  One <front> element (Section 2.26)

   2.  In any order:


       *  <annotation> elements (Section 2.3)

       *  <format> elements (Section 3.3)

       *  <refcontent> elements (Section 2.39)

       *  <seriesInfo> elements (Section 2.47; deprecated in this
          context)


2.40.1.  'anchor' attribute (mandatory)

   Document-wide unique identifier for this reference.  Usually, this
   will be used both to "label" the reference in the references section,
   and as an identifier in links to this reference entry.

2.40.2.  'quoteTitle' attribute

   Specifies whether or not the title in the reference should be quoted.
   This can be used to prevent quoting, such as on errata.

   Allowed values:

   o  "true" (default)

   o  "false"

2.40.3.  'target' attribute

   Holds the URI for the reference.





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2.41.  <referencegroup>

   Represents a list of bibliographic references that will be
   represented as a single reference.  This is most often used for
   references in the STD and BCP series, where a single reference (such
   as "BCP 9") encompasses more than one RFC.

   This element appears as a child element of: <references>
   (Section 2.42).

   Content model:

   One or more <reference> elements (Section 2.40)

2.41.1.  'anchor' attribute (mandatory)

   Document-wide unique identifier for this reference group.  Usually,
   this will be used both to "label" the reference group in the
   references section, and as an identifier in links to this reference
   entry.

2.42.  <references>

   Contains a set of bibliographical references.

   In the early days of the RFC series, there was only one "References"
   section per RFC.  This convention was later changed to group
   references into two sets, "Normative" and "Informative" as described
   in [RFC7322]).  This vocabulary supports the split with the <name>
   child element.  In general, the title should be either "Normative
   References" or "Informative References".

   By default, the order of references is significant.  Some formatters,
   however, might be able to be requested to sort them based on their
   anchor names.

   This element appears as a child element of: <back> (Section 2.8).

   Content model:

   In this order:

   1.  One optional <name> element (Section 2.32)

   2.  In any order:






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       *  <reference> elements (Section 2.40)

       *  <referencegroup> elements (Section 2.41)


2.42.1.  'anchor' attribute

   An optional user-supplied for this section.

2.42.2.  'title' attribute

   Deprecated.  Use <name> instead.

2.43.  <region>

   Provides the region name in a postal address.

   This element appears as a child element of: <postal> (Section 2.37).

   Content model: only text content.

2.43.1.  'ascii' attribute

   The ASCII equivalent of the region name.

2.44.  <relref>

   A relative link to a reference from the References section.
   Formatters that have links (such as HTML and PDF) are likely to
   render <relref> elements as external hyperlinks to the specified part
   of the reference, creating the link target by combining the base URI
   from the <reference> element with the "relative" attribute from this
   element.  The "target" attribute is required, and it must be the
   anchor of a <reference> element.

   Either the "relative" or the "section" attribute must be present, but
   both cannot be given for a <relref> element.  If a reference is an
   RFC or Internet-Draft that is in the v3 format and the desired
   relative reference is to a section of that reference, the "section"
   attribute is easier to use than the "relative" attribute because the
   value of "section" is just a section string such as "2.3".

   An example of the <relref> element with text content might be:

         See <relref section="2.3" target="RFC7878">
         the protocol overview</relref>
         for more information.




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   An HTML formatter might generate:

         See
         <a href="http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7878#s-2.3">
         the protocol overview</a>
         for more information.

   This element appears as a child element of: <annotation>
   (Section 2.3), <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <cref> (Section 2.16),
   <dd> (Section 2.18), <dt> (Section 2.21), <em> (Section 2.22), <li>
   (Section 2.29), <name> (Section 2.32), <preamble> (Section 3.6),
   <strong> (Section 2.50), <sub> (Section 2.51), <sup> (Section 2.52),
   <t> (Section 2.53), <td> (Section 2.56), <th> (Section 2.58), and
   <tt> (Section 2.62).

   Content model: only text content.

2.44.1.  'displayFormat' attribute

   This attribute is used to signal formatters what the desired format
   of the relative reference should be.  Formatters for document types
   that have linking capability should wrap each part of the displayed
   text in hyperlinks.  If there is content in the <relref> element,
   formatters will ignore the value of this attribute.

   "of"

      A formatter should display the relative reference as the contents
      of the "derivedRemoteContent" attribute followed by a space, the
      word "of", another space, and the value from the "target"
      attribute enclosed in square brackets.

      For example, if Section 2.3 of RFC 7878 has the title "Protocol
      Overview", with an input of:

         See
         <relref section="2.3" target="RFC7878" displayFormat="of"/>
         for an overview.

      An HTML formatter might generate:

         See
         <a href="http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7878#s-2.3">
         Section 2.3</a> of
         [<a href="#RFC7878">RFC7878</a>]
         for an overview.





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      Note that "displayFormat='of'" is the default for <relref> so it
      does not need to be given in a <relref> element if that format is
      desired.

   "comma"

      A formatter should display the relative reference as the value
      from the "target" attribute enclosed in square brackets, a comma,
      a space, and the "derivedRemoteContent" attribute.

      For example, if Section 2.3 of RFC 7878 has the title "Protocol
      Overview", with an input of:

         See
         <relref section="2.3" target="RFC7878" displayFormat="comma"/>,
         for an overview.

      An HTML formatter might generate:

         See
         [<a href="#RFC7878">RFC7878</a>],
         <a href="http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7878#s-2.3">
         Section 2.3</a>, for an overview.

   "parens"

      A formatter should display the relative reference as the value
      from the "target" attribute enclosed in square brackets, a space,
      a left parenthesis, the "derivedRemoteContent" attribute, and a
      right parenthesis.

      For example, if Section 2.3 of RFC 7878 has the title "Protocol
      Overview", with an input of:

         See
         <relref section="2.3" target="RFC7878" displayFormat="parens"/>
         for an overview.

      An HTML formatter might generate

         See
         [<a href="#RFC7878">RFC7878</a>]
         (<a href="http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7878#s-2.3">
         Section 2.3</a>)
         for an overview.

   "bare"




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      A formatter should display the relative reference as the contents
      of the "derivedRemoteContent" attribute and nothing else.  This is
      useful when there are multiple relative references to a single
      base reference.

      For example:

         See
         <relref section="2.3" target="RFC7878" displayFormat="bare"/>
         and
         <relref section="2.4" target="RFC7878" displayFormat="of"/>
         for an overview.

      An HTML formatter might generate:

         See
         <a href="http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7878#s-2.3">
         Section 2.3</a>
         and
         <a href="http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7878#s-2.4">
         Section 2.4</a> of
         [<a href="#RFC7878">RFC7878</a>]
         for an overview.

   Allowed values:

   o  "of" (default)

   o  "comma"

   o  "parens"

   o  "bare"

2.44.2.  'relative' attribute

   Specifies a relative reference from the URI in the target reference.
   This value must include whatever leading character is needed to
   create the relative reference; typically, this is "#" for HTML
   documents.

2.44.3.  'section' attribute

   Specifies a section of the target reference.  If the reference is not
   an RFC or Internet-Draft, it is an error.






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2.44.4.  'target' attribute (mandatory)

   The anchor of the reference for this element.  If this value is not
   an anchor to a <reference> or <referencegroup> element, it is an
   error.  If the reference at the target has no URI, it is an error.

2.45.  <rfc>

   This is the root element of the xml2rfc vocabulary.

   Content model:

   In this order:

   1.  Optional <link> elements (Section 2.30)

   2.  One <front> element (Section 2.26)

   3.  One <middle> element (Section 2.31)

   4.  One optional <back> element (Section 2.8)

2.45.1.  'category' attribute

   Deprecated; instead, use the "name" attribute in <seriesInfo>.

2.45.2.  'consensus' attribute

   Affects the generated boilerplate.  Note that the values of "no" and
   "yes" are deprecated and are replaced by "false" (the default) and
   "true".

   See [RFC5741] for more information.

   Allowed values:

   o  "no"

   o  "yes"

   o  "false" (default)

   o  "true"








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2.45.3.  'docName' attribute

   Deprecated; instead, use the "value" attribute in <seriesInfo>.

2.45.4.  'indexInclude' attribute

   Specifies whether or not a formatter is requested to include an index
   in generated files.  If the souce file has no <iref> elements, an
   index is never generated.  This option is useful for generating
   documents where the source document has <iref> elements but the
   author no longer wants an index.

   Allowed values:

   o  "true" (default)

   o  "false"

2.45.5.  'ipr' attribute

   Represents the Intellectual Property status of the document.  See
   Appendix A.1 for details.

   Allowed values:

   o  "full2026"

   o  "noDerivativeWorks2026"

   o  "none"

   o  "full3667"

   o  "noModification3667"

   o  "noDerivatives3667"

   o  "full3978"

   o  "noModification3978"

   o  "noDerivatives3978"

   o  "trust200811"

   o  "noModificationTrust200811"





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   o  "noDerivativesTrust200811"

   o  "trust200902"

   o  "noModificationTrust200902"

   o  "noDerivativesTrust200902"

   o  "pre5378Trust200902"

2.45.6.  'iprExtract' attribute

   Identifies a single section within the document for which extraction
   "as-is" is explicitly allowed (only relevant for historic values of
   the "ipr" attribute).

2.45.7.  'number' attribute

   Deprecated; instead, use the "value" attribute in <seriesInfo>.

2.45.8.  'obsoletes' attribute

   A comma-separated list of RFC numbers or Internet-Draft names.

   The prep tool will parse the attribute value so that incorrect
   references can be detected.

2.45.9.  'prepTime' attribute

   The date that the XML was processed by a preparation tool.  This is
   included in the XML file just before it is saved to disk.  The value
   is formatted using the format from [RFC3339].

2.45.10.  'seriesNo' attribute

   Deprecated; instead, use the "value" attribute in <seriesInfo>.

2.45.11.  'sortRefs' attribute

   Specifies whether or not the prep tool will sort the references in
   each reference section.

   Allowed values:

   o  "true"

   o  "false" (default)




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2.45.12.  'submissionType' attribute

   The document stream.

   See Section 2 of [RFC5741] for details.

   Allowed values:

   o  "IETF" (default)

   o  "IAB"

   o  "IRTF"

   o  "independent"

2.45.13.  'symRefs' attribute

   Specifies whether or not a formatter is requested to use symbolic
   references (such as "[RFC2119]").  If the value for this is "false",
   the references come out as numbers (such as "[3]").

   Allowed values:

   o  "true" (default)

   o  "false"

2.45.14.  'tocDepth' attribute

   Specifies number of levels of heading that formatter is requested to
   include in the table of contents; the default is "3".

2.45.15.  'tocInclude' attribute

   Specifies whether or not a formatter is requested to include a table
   of contents in generated files.

   Allowed values:

   o  "true" (default)

   o  "false"








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2.45.16.  'updates' attribute

   A comma-separated list of RFC numbers or Internet-Draft names.

   The prep tool will parse the attribute value so that incorrect
   references can be detected.

2.45.17.  'version' attribute

   Specifies the version of xml2rfc syntax used in this document.  The
   only expected value (for now) is "3".

2.46.  <section>

   Represents a section (when inside a <middle> element) or an appendix
   (when inside a <back> element).

   Sub-sections are created by nesting <section> elements inside
   <section> elements.  Sections are allowed to be empty.

   This element appears as a child element of: <back> (Section 2.8),
   <boilerplate> (Section 2.11), <middle> (Section 2.31), and <section>
   (Section 2.46).

   Content model:

   In this order:

   1.  One optional <name> element (Section 2.32)

   2.  In any order:


       *  <artwork> elements (Section 2.5)

       *  <aside> elements (Section 2.6)

       *  <blockquote> elements (Section 2.10)

       *  <dl> elements (Section 2.20)

       *  <figure> elements (Section 2.25)

       *  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

       *  <ol> elements (Section 2.34)





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       *  <sourcecode> elements (Section 2.48)

       *  <t> elements (Section 2.53)

       *  <table> elements (Section 2.54)

       *  <texttable> elements (Section 3.8)

       *  <ul> elements (Section 2.63)


   3.  Optional <section> elements (Section 2.46)

2.46.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for this section.

2.46.2.  'numbered' attribute

   If set to "false", the formatter is requested to not display a
   section number.  The prep tool will verify that such a section is not
   followed by a numbered section in a part, and will verify that the
   section is a top-level section.

   Allowed values:

   o  "true" (default)

   o  "false"

2.46.3.  'removeInRFC' attribute

   If set to "true", the formatter is requested to mark this section
   with a paragraph at the beginning of the section indicating that it
   should be removed before the document is published as an RFC.

   Allowed values:

   o  "true"

   o  "false" (default)

2.46.4.  'title' attribute

   Deprecated.  Use <name> instead.






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2.46.5.  'toc' attribute

   Indicates to a formatter whether or not the section is to be included
   in a table of contents, if such a table of contents is produced.
   This only takes effect if the level of the section would have
   appeared in the table of contents based on the "tocDepth" attribute
   of the <rfc> element, and of course only if the table of contents is
   being created based on the "tocInclude" attribute of the <rfc>
   element.  If this is set to "exclude", any section below this one
   will be excluded as well.  The "default" value indicates to include
   the section if it would be included by the tocDepth attribute of the
   <rfc> element.

   Allowed values:

   o  "include"

   o  "exclude"

   o  "default" (default)

2.47.  <seriesInfo>

   Specifies the document series in which this document appears, and
   also specifies an identifier within that series.

   A processing tool determines if it is working on an RFC or an
   Internet-Draft by inspecting the "name" attribute of a <seriesInfo>
   element inside the <front> element inside the <rfc> element, looking
   for "rfc" or "Internet-Draft".  (Specifying neither value in any of
   the <seriesInfo> elements can be useful for producing other types of
   documents, but is out-of-scope for this specification.)

   It is invalid to have multiple <seriesInfo> elements inside the
   <front> element inside the <rfc> element that have "name" values of
   "rfc", or that have "name" values of "Internet-Draft", or that have
   both "rfc" and "Internet-Draft".

   This element appears as a child element of: <front> (Section 2.26),
   and <reference> (Section 2.40; deprecated in this context).

   Content model: this element does not have any contents.

2.47.1.  'asciiName' attribute

   The ASCII equivalent of the name field.





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2.47.2.  'asciiValue' attribute

   The ASCII equivalent of the value field.

2.47.3.  'name' attribute (mandatory)

   The name of the series.

   Some of the values for "name" interact as follows:

   o  If a <front> element contains a <seriesInfo> element with a name
      of "Internet-Draft", it can also have at most one additional
      <seriesInfo> element with a name of "std", "bcp", "fyi", "exp", or
      "historic" to indicate the intended status of this Internet Draft,
      if it were to be later published as an RFC.  If such an additional
      <seriesInfo> element has one of those names, the value attribute
      for that name MUST be "".

   o  If a <front> element contains a <seriesInfo> element with a name
      of "rfc", it can also have at most one additional <seriesInfo>
      element with a name of "std", "bcp", or "fyi" to indicate the
      current status of this RFC.  If such an additional <seriesInfo>
      element has one of those names, the value attribute for that name
      MUST be the number within that series.  That <front> element might
      also contain an additional <seriesInfo> with the name "exp" or
      "historic" and a value of "" to indicate the status of the RFC.

   o  A <front> element that has a <seriesInfo> element that has the
      name "Internet-Draft" MUST NOT also have a <seriesInfo> element
      that has the name "rfc".

   o  The DOI for the referenced document.  This MUST NOT be used when
      <seriesInfo> element is an eventual child element of a <rfc>
      element, only as an enventual child of a <reference> element.  The
      value attribute should use the form specified in [DOI].

   Other values might be added at a later time by the RFC Editor.

2.47.4.  'value' attribute (mandatory)

   The identifier within the series specified by the "name" attribute.

   For BCPs, FYIs, RFCs, and STDs this is the number within the series.
   For Internet-Drafts, it is the full draft name (ending with the two-
   digit version number).  For DOIs, the value is given such as
   "10.123456/rfc1149", (the actual value will be specified later in
   [DOI]).




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   The name in the value should be the document name without any file
   extension.  For Internet Drafts, the value for this attribute should
   be "draft-ietf-somewg-someprotocol-07", not
   "draft-ietf-somewg-someprotocol-07.txt".

2.48.  <sourcecode>

   This element allows the inclusion of sourcecode into the document.

   <sourcecode> provides full control of horizontal whitespace and line
   breaks.  It is thus useful for source code and formal languages (such
   as ABNF or the RNC notation used in this document).  When rendered,
   sourcecode is always shown in a monospace font.

   For artwork such as character-based art, diagrams of message layouts,
   and so on, use the <artwork> element instead.

   A common problem authors have with <sourcecode> is that the XML
   processor returns errors if the text in the artwork contains either
   the "&" or "<" character, or the string "]]>".  To avoid these
   problems, the "&" and "<" characters may be escaped using the strings
   "&amp;" and "&lt;", respectively; the "]]>" string can be represented
   as "]]&gt;".  Alternatively, they may be surrounded in a CDATA
   structure: "<![CDATA[]]>".  For example:

   Desired output:
      allowed-chars = "." | "," | "&" | "<" | ">" | "|"

   Using escaping:
   <sourcecode>
      allowed-chars = "." | "," | "&amp;" | "&lt;" | "&gt;" | "|"
   </sourcecode>

   Using CDATA:
   <sourcecode>
   <![CDATA[   allowed-chars = "." | "," | "&" | "<" | ">" | "|"]]>
   </sourcecode>

   Using CDATA is not a panacea, but it does help prevent having to use
   escapes in places where using using escapes can cause other problems,
   such as difficulty of inclusion from other documents.

   Output formatters that do pagination should attempt to keep source
   code on a single page.  This is to prevent source code that is split
   across pages from looking like two separate pieces of code.

   This element appears as a child element of: <blockquote>
   (Section 2.10), <dd> (Section 2.18), <figure> (Section 2.25), <li>



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   (Section 2.29), <section> (Section 2.46), <td> (Section 2.56), and
   <th> (Section 2.58).

   Content model: only text content.

2.48.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for this sourcecode.

2.48.2.  'name' attribute

   A filename suitable for the contents (such as for extraction to a
   local file).  This attribute can be helpful for other kinds of tools
   (such as automated syntax checkers which work by extracting the
   source code).  Note that the "name" attribute does not need to be
   unique for artwork elements in a document.  If multiple sourcecode
   elements have the same name attribute, a formatter might assume that
   the elements are all fragments of a single file, and such a formatter
   can collect those fragments for later processing.

2.48.3.  'src' attribute

   The URI reference of a source file ([RFC3986]).

   It is an error to have both a "src" attribute and content in the
   <sourcecode> element.

2.48.4.  'type' attribute

   Specifies the type of the sourcecode.  The value of this attribute is
   free text with certain values designated as preferred.

   The preferred values for <sourcecode> types are:

   o  abnf

   o  asn.1

   o  bash

   o  c++

   o  c

   o  cbor

   o  dtd




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   o  java

   o  javascript

   o  json

   o  mib

   o  perl

   o  pseudocode

   o  python

   o  rnc

   o  xml

   The RFC Editor will maintain a complete list of the preferred values
   on its web site, and that list is expected to be updated over time.
   Thus, a consumer of v3 XML should not cause a failure when it
   encounters an unexpected type.

2.49.  <street>

   Provides a street address.

   This element appears as a child element of: <postal> (Section 2.37).

   Content model: only text content.

2.49.1.  'ascii' attribute

   The ASCII equivalent of the street address.

2.50.  <strong>

   Indicates text that is semantically strong.  This element will be
   displayed as bold after processing.  This element can be combined
   with other character formatting elements, and the formatting will be
   additive.

   This element appears as a child element of: <annotation>
   (Section 2.3), <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <cref> (Section 2.16),
   <dd> (Section 2.18), <dt> (Section 2.21), <em> (Section 2.22), <li>
   (Section 2.29), <preamble> (Section 3.6), <refcontent>
   (Section 2.39), <sub> (Section 2.51), <sup> (Section 2.52), <t>
   (Section 2.53), <td> (Section 2.56), <th> (Section 2.58), and <tt>



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   (Section 2.62).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  Text

   o  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

   o  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

   o  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

   o  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

   o  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

   o  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)

   o  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

   o  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

   o  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

   o  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)

2.51.  <sub>

   Causes the text to be displayed as subscript, approximately half a
   letter-height lower than normal text.  This element can be combined
   with other character formatting elements, and the formatting will be
   additive.

   This element appears as a child element of: <annotation>
   (Section 2.3), <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <cref> (Section 2.16),
   <dd> (Section 2.18), <dt> (Section 2.21), <em> (Section 2.22), <li>
   (Section 2.29), <preamble> (Section 3.6), <refcontent>
   (Section 2.39), <strong> (Section 2.50), <t> (Section 2.53), <td>
   (Section 2.56), <th> (Section 2.58), and <tt> (Section 2.62).

   Content model:

   In any order:






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   o  Text

   o  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

   o  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

   o  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

   o  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

   o  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

   o  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)

   o  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

   o  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

   o  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)

2.52.  <sup>

   Causes the text to be displayed as superscript, approximately half a
   letter-height higher than normal text.  This element can be combined
   with other character formatting elements, and the formatting will be
   additive.

   This element appears as a child element of: <annotation>
   (Section 2.3), <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <cref> (Section 2.16),
   <dd> (Section 2.18), <dt> (Section 2.21), <em> (Section 2.22), <li>
   (Section 2.29), <preamble> (Section 3.6), <refcontent>
   (Section 2.39), <strong> (Section 2.50), <t> (Section 2.53), <td>
   (Section 2.56), <th> (Section 2.58), and <tt> (Section 2.62).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  Text

   o  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

   o  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

   o  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

   o  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)




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   o  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

   o  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)

   o  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

   o  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

   o  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)

2.53.  <t>

   Contains a paragraph of text.

   This element appears as a child element of: <abstract> (Section 2.1),
   <aside> (Section 2.6), <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <dd>
   (Section 2.18), <li> (Section 2.29), <list> (Section 3.4), <note>
   (Section 2.33), <section> (Section 2.46), <td> (Section 2.56), and
   <th> (Section 2.58).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  Text

   o  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

   o  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

   o  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

   o  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

   o  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

   o  <list> elements (Section 3.4)

   o  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)

   o  <spanx> elements (Section 3.7)

   o  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

   o  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

   o  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)




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   o  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

   o  <vspace> elements (Section 3.10)

   o  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)

2.53.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for this paragraph.

2.53.2.  'hangText' attribute

   Deprecated.  Instead use <dd> inside of a definition list (<dl>).

2.53.3.  'keepWithNext' attribute

   Acts as a hint to the output formatters that do pagination to do a
   best effort attempt to keep the paragraph with the next element,
   whatever that happens to be.  For example, the HTML output @media
   print CSS might translate this to page-break-after: avoid.  For PDF,
   the paginator could attempt to keep the paragraph with the next
   element.  Note: this attribute is strictly a hint and not always
   actionable.

   Allowed values:

   o  "false" (default)

   o  "true"

2.53.4.  'keepWithPrevious' attribute

   Acts as a hint to the output formatters that do pagination to do a
   best effort attempt to keep the paragraph with the previous element,
   whatever that happens to be.  For example, the HTML output @media
   print CSS might translate this to page-break-before: avoid.  For PDF,
   the paginator could attempt to keep the paragraph with the previous
   element.  Note: this attribute is strictly a hint and not always
   actionable.

   Allowed values:

   o  "false" (default)

   o  "true"






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2.54.  <table>

   Contains a table with a caption with the table number.  If the
   element contains a <name> element, the caption will also show that
   name.

   Insde the <table> element is optionlly a <thead> element to contain
   the rows that will be the table's heading and optionally a <tfoot>
   element to contain the rows of the table's footer.  If the XML is
   converted to a representation that has page breaks (such as PDFs, or
   printed HTML), the header and footer are meant to appear on each
   page.

   This element appears as a child element of: <aside> (Section 2.6),
   and <section> (Section 2.46).

   Content model:

   In this order:

   1.  One optional <name> element (Section 2.32)

   2.  Optional <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

   3.  One optional <thead> element (Section 2.59)

   4.  One or more <tbody> elements (Section 2.55)

   5.  One optional <tfoot> element (Section 2.57)

2.54.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for this table.

2.55.  <tbody>

   A container for a set of body rows for a table.

   This element appears as a child element of: <table> (Section 2.54).

   Content model:

   One or more <tr> elements (Section 2.61)

2.55.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for the tbody.




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2.56.  <td>

   A cell in a table row.

   This element appears as a child element of: <tr> (Section 2.61).

   Content model:

   Either:

      One or more <t> elements (Section 2.53)

   Or:

      In any order, but at least one of:


      *  Text

      *  <artwork> elements (Section 2.5)

      *  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

      *  <br> elements (Section 2.12)

      *  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

      *  <dl> elements (Section 2.20)

      *  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

      *  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

      *  <figure> elements (Section 2.25)

      *  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

      *  <ol> elements (Section 2.34)

      *  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)

      *  <sourcecode> elements (Section 2.48)

      *  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

      *  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)





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      *  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

      *  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

      *  <ul> elements (Section 2.63)

      *  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)


2.56.1.  'align' attribute

   Controls whether the content of the cell appears left justified
   (default), centered, or right justified.  Note that "center" or
   "right" probably only work well in cells with plain text; any other
   elements might make the contents render badly.

   Allowed values:

   o  "left" (default)

   o  "center"

   o  "right"

2.56.2.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for the cell.

2.56.3.  'border' attribute

   The width of the border for this cell.  The default is 0, meaning no
   border.

2.56.4.  'colspan' attribute

   The number of columns that the cell to span.  For example, setting
   "colspan='3'" indicates that the cell occupies the same horizontal
   space as three cells in the row above or below this one.

2.56.5.  'rowspan' attribute

   The number of rows that the cell to span.  For example, setting
   "rowspan='3'" indicates that the cell occupies the same vertical
   space as three rows.







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2.57.  <tfoot>

   A container for a set of footer rows for a table.

   This element appears as a child element of: <table> (Section 2.54).

   Content model:

   One or more <tr> elements (Section 2.61)

2.57.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for the tfoot.

2.58.  <th>

   A cell in a table row.  When rendered, this will normally come out in
   boldface; other than that, there is no difference between this and
   the <td> element.

   This element appears as a child element of: <tr> (Section 2.61).

   Content model:

   Either:

      One or more <t> elements (Section 2.53)

   Or:

      In any order, but at least one of:


      *  Text

      *  <artwork> elements (Section 2.5)

      *  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

      *  <br> elements (Section 2.12)

      *  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

      *  <dl> elements (Section 2.20)

      *  <em> elements (Section 2.22)





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      *  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

      *  <figure> elements (Section 2.25)

      *  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

      *  <ol> elements (Section 2.34)

      *  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)

      *  <sourcecode> elements (Section 2.48)

      *  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

      *  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

      *  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

      *  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

      *  <ul> elements (Section 2.63)

      *  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)


2.58.1.  'align' attribute

   Controls whether the content of the cell appears left justified
   (default), centered, or right justified.  Note that "center" or
   "right" probably only work well in cells with plain text; any other
   elements might make the contents render badly.

   Allowed values:

   o  "left" (default)

   o  "center"

   o  "right"

2.58.2.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for the row.

2.58.3.  'border' attribute

   The width of the border for this cell.  The default is 0, meaning no
   border.



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2.58.4.  'colspan' attribute

   The number of columns that the cell to span.  For example, setting
   "colspan='3'" indicates that the cell occupies the same horizontal
   space as three cells in the row above or below this one.

2.58.5.  'rowspan' attribute

   The number of rows that the cell to span.  For example, setting
   "rowspan='3'" indicates that the cell occupies the same vertical
   space as three rows.

2.59.  <thead>

   A container for a set of header rows for a table.

   This element appears as a child element of: <table> (Section 2.54).

   Content model:

   One or more <tr> elements (Section 2.61)

2.59.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for the thead.

2.60.  <title>

   Represents the document title.

   When this element appears in the <front> element of the current
   document, the title might also appear in page headers or footers.  If
   it is long (~40 characters), the "abbrev" attribute is used to
   specify an abbreviated variant.

   This element appears as a child element of: <front> (Section 2.26).

   Content model: only text content.

2.60.1.  'abbrev' attribute

   Specifies an abbreviated variant of the document title.

2.60.2.  'ascii' attribute

   The ASCII equivalent of the title.





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2.61.  <tr>

   A row of a table.

   This element appears as a child element of: <tbody> (Section 2.55),
   <tfoot> (Section 2.57), and <thead> (Section 2.59).

   Content model:

   In any order, but at least one of:

   o  <td> elements (Section 2.56)

   o  <th> elements (Section 2.58)

2.61.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for the row.

2.61.2.  'border' attribute

   The width of the border for this row.  The default is 0, meaning no
   border.  If the cells in this row also have "border" attributes,
   those values override this value for those cells.

2.62.  <tt>

   Causes the text to be displayed in a constant-width font.  This
   element can be combined with other character formatting elements, and
   the formatting will be additive.

   This element appears as a child element of: <annotation>
   (Section 2.3), <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <cref> (Section 2.16),
   <dd> (Section 2.18), <dt> (Section 2.21), <em> (Section 2.22), <li>
   (Section 2.29), <name> (Section 2.32), <preamble> (Section 3.6),
   <refcontent> (Section 2.39), <strong> (Section 2.50), <sub>
   (Section 2.51), <sup> (Section 2.52), <t> (Section 2.53), <td>
   (Section 2.56), and <th> (Section 2.58).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  Text

   o  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)





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   o  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

   o  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

   o  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

   o  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

   o  <relref> elements (Section 2.44)

   o  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

   o  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

   o  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

   o  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)

2.63.  <ul>

   An unordered list.  The labels on the items will be symbols picked by
   the formatter.

   This element appears as a child element of: <abstract> (Section 2.1),
   <aside> (Section 2.6), <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <dd>
   (Section 2.18), <li> (Section 2.29), <note> (Section 2.33), <section>
   (Section 2.46), <td> (Section 2.56), and <th> (Section 2.58).

   Content model:

   One or more <li> elements (Section 2.29)

2.63.1.  'anchor' attribute

   Document-wide unique identifier for the list.

2.63.2.  'empty' attribute

   Defines whether or not the label is empty. empty="true" indicates
   that no label be shown.

   Allowed values:

   o  "false" (default)

   o  "true"





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2.63.3.  'spacing' attribute

   Defines whether or not there is a blank line between entries.
   spacing="normal" indicates a single blank line, while
   spacing="compact" indicates no space between.

   Allowed values:

   o  "normal" (default)

   o  "compact"

2.64.  <uri>

   Contains a web address associated with the author.

   The contents should be a valid URI (see Section 3 of [RFC3986]).

   This element appears as a child element of: <address> (Section 2.2).

   Content model: only text content.

2.65.  <workgroup>

   This element is used to specify the Working Group (IETF) or Research
   Group (IRTF) from which the document originates, if any.  The
   recommended format is the official name of the Working Group (with
   some capitalization).

   In Internet-Drafts, this is used in the upper left corner of the
   boilerplate, replacing the "Network Working Group" string.
   Formatting software can append the words "Working Group" or "Research
   Group", depending on the "submissionType" property on the <rfc>
   element (Section 2.45.12).

   This element appears as a child element of: <front> (Section 2.26).

   Content model: only text content.

2.66.  <xref>

   A reference to an anchor in this document.  Formatters that have
   links (such as HTML and PDF) are likely to render <xref> elements as
   internal hyperlinks.  This element is useful for referring to
   references in the References section, to specific sections of this
   document, to specific figures, and so on.  The "target" attribute is
   required.




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   This element appears as a child element of: <annotation>
   (Section 2.3), <blockquote> (Section 2.10), <c> (Section 3.1), <cref>
   (Section 2.16), <dd> (Section 2.18), <dt> (Section 2.21), <em>
   (Section 2.22), <li> (Section 2.29), <name> (Section 2.32),
   <postamble> (Section 3.5), <preamble> (Section 3.6), <strong>
   (Section 2.50), <sub> (Section 2.51), <sup> (Section 2.52), <t>
   (Section 2.53), <td> (Section 2.56), <th> (Section 2.58), <tt>
   (Section 2.62), and <ttcol> (Section 3.9).

   Content model: only text content.

2.66.1.  'format' attribute

   This attribute signals to formatters what the desired format of the
   reference should be.  Formatters for document types that have linking
   capability should wrap the displayed text in hyperlinks.

   "counter"

      The "derivedContent" attribute will contain just a counter.  This
      is used for targets that are <section>, <figure>, <table>, or item
      in an ordered list.  Using "format='counter'" where the target is
      any other type of element is an error.

      For example, with an input of:

         <section anchor="overview">Protocol Overview</section>
         . . .
         See Section <xref target="overview" format="counter"/>
         for an overview.

      An HTML formatter might generate "See Section <a href="#
      overview">1.7</a> for an overview.".

   "default"

      The "derivedContent" attribute will contain a text fragment that
      describes the referenced part completely, such as "XML" for a
      target that is a <reference>, or "Section 2" or "Table 4" for a
      target to a non-reference.

      For example, with an input of:

         <section anchor="overview">Protocol Overview</section>
         . . .
         See <xref target="overview"/> for an overview.





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      An HTML formatter might generate "See <a href="#overview">Section
      1.7</a> for an overview.".

   "none"

      Deprecated.

   "title"

      If the target is a <reference> element, the "derivedContent"
      attribute will contain the name of the reference, extracted from
      the <title> child of the <front> child of the reference.  Or, if
      the target element has a <name> child element, the
      "derivedContent" attribute will contain the text content of that
      <name> element concatenated with the text content of each
      descendant node of <name> (that is, stripping out all of the XML
      markup, leaving only the text).  Or, if the target element does
      not contain a <name> child element, the "derivedContent" attribute
      will contain the name of the "anchor" attribute of that element
      with no other adornment.

   Allowed values:

   o  "default" (default)

   o  "title"

   o  "counter"

   o  "none"

2.66.2.  'pageno' attribute

   Deprecated.

   Allowed values:

   o  "true"

   o  "false" (default)

2.66.3.  'target' attribute (mandatory)

   Identifies the document component being referenced.  The value needs
   to match the value of the "anchor" attribute of an element in the
   document, otherwise it is an error.





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2.67.  <svg> (in namespace http://www.w3.org/2000/svg)

   This element holds SVG art.  The use of SVG in Internet Drafts and
   RFCs is covered in much more detail in [SVGforRFCs].

   This element appears as a child element of: <artwork> (Section 2.5).

   Content model: any elements.

3.  Elements from v2 That Have Been Deprecated

   This section lists the elements from v2 that have been deprecated.
   Note that some elements in v3 have attributes from v2 that are
   deprecated; those are not listed here.

3.1.  <c>

   Deprecated.  Instead, use <tr>, <td>, and <th>.

   This element appears as a child element of: <texttable>
   (Section 3.8).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  Text

   o  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

   o  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

   o  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

   o  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

   o  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

   o  <spanx> elements (Section 3.7)

   o  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

   o  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

   o  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

   o  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)




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   o  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)

3.2.  <facsimile>

   Deprecated.  The <email> element is a much more useful way to get in
   touch with authors.

   This element appears as a child element of: <address> (Section 2.2).

   Content model: only text content.

3.3.  <format>

   Deprecated.  If the goal is to provide a single URI for a reference,
   use the "target" attribute on <reference> instead.

   This element appears as a child element of: <reference>
   (Section 2.40).

   Content model: this element does not have any contents.

3.3.1.  'octets' attribute

   Deprecated.

3.3.2.  'target' attribute

   Deprecated.

3.3.3.  'type' attribute (mandatory)

   Deprecated.

3.4.  <list>

   Deprecated.  Instead, use <dl> for list/@style "hanging"; <ul> for
   list/@style "empty" or "symbols"; and <ol> for list/@style "letters",
   "numbers", "counter", or "format".

   This element appears as a child element of: <t> (Section 2.53).

   Content model:

   One or more <t> elements (Section 2.53)







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3.4.1.  'counter' attribute

   Deprecated.  The functionality of this attribute has been replaced
   with <ol>/@start.

3.4.2.  'hangIndent' attribute

   Deprecated.  Use <dl> instead.

3.4.3.  'style' attribute

   Deprecated.

3.5.  <postamble>

   Deprecated.  Instead, use a regular paragraph after the figure or
   table.

   This element appears as a child element of: <figure> (Section 2.25),
   and <texttable> (Section 3.8).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  Text

   o  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

   o  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

   o  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

   o  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

   o  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

   o  <spanx> elements (Section 3.7)

   o  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

   o  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

   o  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

   o  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)





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   o  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)

3.6.  <preamble>

   Deprecated.  Instead, use a regular paragraph before the figure or
   table.

   This element appears as a child element of: <figure> (Section 2.25),
   and <texttable> (Section 3.8).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  Text

   o  <bcp14> elements (Section 2.9)

   o  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

   o  <em> elements (Section 2.22)

   o  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

   o  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

   o  <spanx> elements (Section 3.7)

   o  <strong> elements (Section 2.50)

   o  <sub> elements (Section 2.51)

   o  <sup> elements (Section 2.52)

   o  <tt> elements (Section 2.62)

   o  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)

3.7.  <spanx>

   Deprecated.

   This element appears as a child element of: <annotation>
   (Section 2.3), <c> (Section 3.1), <postamble> (Section 3.5),
   <preamble> (Section 3.6), and <t> (Section 2.53).

   Content model: only text content.




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3.7.1.  'style' attribute

   Deprecated.  Instead of <spanx style="emph">, use <em>; instead of
   <spanx style="strong">, use <strong>; instead of <spanx
   style="verb">, use <tt>.

3.7.2.  'xml:space' attribute

   Deprecated.

   Allowed values:

   o  "default"

   o  "preserve" (default)

3.8.  <texttable>

   Deprecated.  Use <table> instead.

   This element appears as a child element of: <aside> (Section 2.6),
   and <section> (Section 2.46).

   Content model:

   In this order:

   1.  One optional <name> element (Section 2.32)

   2.  One optional <preamble> element (Section 3.6)

   3.  One or more <ttcol> elements (Section 3.9)

   4.  Optional <c> elements (Section 3.1)

   5.  One optional <postamble> element (Section 3.5)

3.8.1.  'align' attribute

   Deprecated

   Allowed values:

   o  "left"

   o  "center" (default)





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   o  "right"

3.8.2.  'anchor' attribute

   Deprecated

3.8.3.  'style' attribute

   Deprecated.

3.8.4.  'suppress-title' attribute

   Deprecated.

   Allowed values:

   o  "true"

   o  "false" (default)

3.8.5.  'title' attribute

   Deprecated.

3.9.  <ttcol>

   Deprecated.  Instead, use <tr>, <td>, and <th>.

   This element appears as a child element of: <texttable>
   (Section 3.8).

   Content model:

   In any order:

   o  <cref> elements (Section 2.16)

   o  <eref> elements (Section 2.24)

   o  <iref> elements (Section 2.27)

   o  <xref> elements (Section 2.66)

   o  Text







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3.9.1.  'align' attribute

   Deprecated.

   Allowed values:

   o  "left" (default)

   o  "center"

   o  "right"

3.9.2.  'width' attribute

   Deprecated.

3.10.  <vspace>

   Deprecated.  In earlier versions of this format, <vspace> was often
   used to get an extra blank line in a list element; in the v3
   vocabulary, that can be done instead by using multiple <t> elements
   inside the <li> element.  Other uses have no direct replacement.

   This element appears as a child element of: <t> (Section 2.53).

   Content model: this element does not have any contents.

3.10.1.  'blankLines' attribute

   Deprecated.

4.  Internationalization Considerations

   This format is based on [XML], thus does not have any issues
   representing arbitrary Unicode [UNICODE] characters in text content.
   The RFC Editor may restrict some of the characters that can be used
   in a particular RFC; the rules for such restrictions are covered in
   [NONASCII].

5.  Security Considerations

   The "name" attribute on the <artwork> element (Section 2.5.5) can be
   used to derive a filename for saving to a local file system.
   Trusting this kind of information without pre-processing is a known
   security risk; see Section 4.3 of [RFC6266] for more information.

   The "src" attribute on the <artwork> element can be used to read
   files from the local system.  Processing tools must be careful to not



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   accept dangerous values for the filename, particularly those that
   contain absolute references outside the current directory.

   The "type" attribute of the <artwork> and <sourcecode> elements is
   meant to encourage formatters to automatically extract known types of
   content from an RFC or Internet Draft.  While extraction is probably
   safe, those tools might also think that they could further process
   the extracted content such as by rendering artwork or executing code.
   Doing so without first sanity-checking the extracted content is
   clearly a terrible idea from a security perspective.  More generally,
   a tool that is reading XML input needs to be suspicious of any
   content that it intends to post-process.

   All security considerations related to XML processing are relevant as
   well (see Section 7 of [RFC3470]).

6.  IANA Considerations

6.1.  Internet Media Type Registration

   IANA maintains the registry of Internet media types [BCP13] at
   <https://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types>.

   This document updates the specification for the Internet media type
   "application/rfc+xml" from the one in [XML2RFCv2].  The following is
   to be registered with IANA.

   Type name:  application

   Subtype name:  rfc+xml

   Required parameters:  There are no required parameters.

   Optional parameters:  "charset": This parameter has identical
      semantics as the charset parameter of the "application/xml" media
      type specified in Section 9.1 of [RFC7303].

   Encoding considerations:  Identical to those of "application/xml" as
      described in Section 9.1 of [RFC7303].

   Security considerations:  As defined in Section 5.  In addition, as
      this media type uses the "+xml" convention, it inherits the
      security considerations described in Section 10 of [RFC7303].

   Interoperability considerations:  N/A






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   Published specification:  This specification.

   Applications that use this media type:  Applications that transform
      xml2rfc to output representations such as plain text or HTML, plus
      additional analysis tools.

   Fragment identifier considerations:  The "anchor" attribute is used
      for assigning document-wide unique identifiers that can be used as
      shorthand pointers, as described in Section 2.8 of [XPOINTER].

   Additional information:

      Deprecated alias names for this type:  None.

      Magic number(s):  As specified for "application/xml" in Section
         9.1 of [RFC7303].

      File extension(s):  .xml or .rfcxml when disambiguation from other
         XML files is needed

      Macintosh file type code(s):  TEXT

   Person & email address to contact for further information:  See
      Authors Section.

   Intended usage:  COMMON

   Restrictions on usage:  N/A

   Author:  See Authors Section.

   Change controller:  RFC Series Editor (rse@rfc-editor.org)

6.2.  Link Relation Registration

   The following is a proposed addition to [LINKRELATIONS].

   Relation Name: convertedFrom

   Description: The document linked to was later converted to the
   document that contains this link relation.  For example, an RFC can
   have a link to the Internet Draft that became the RFC; in that case,
   the link relation would be "convertedFrom".

   Reference: This document.

   Notes: This relation is different than "predecessor-version" in that
   "predecessor-version" is for items in a version control system.  It



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   is also different that "previous" in that this relation is used for
   converted resources, not those that are part of a sequence of
   resources.

   Application Data: none

7.  Acknowledgments

   Thanks to everybody who reviewed this document and provided feedback
   and/or specification text.  Thanks especially go to Julian Reschke
   for editing [XML2RFCv2] and those who provided feedback on that
   document.

   We also thank Marshall T. Rose for both the original design and the
   reference implementation of the "xml2rfc" processor.

8.  References

8.1.  Normative References

   [XML]            Maler, E., Yergeau, F., Paoli, J., Sperberg-McQueen,
                    M., and T. Bray, "Extensible Markup Language (XML)
                    1.0 (Fifth Edition)", W3C Recommendation REC-xml-
                    20081126, November 2008,
                    <https://www.w3.org/TR/2008/REC-xml-20081126/>.

                    Latest version available at
                    <http://www.w3.org/TR/xml>.

   [XML2RFCv2]      Reschke, J., "The 'XML2RFC' version 2 Vocabulary",
                    draft-iab-xml2rfc (work in progress), 2014.

8.2.  Informative References

   [BCP13]          Freed, N., Klensin, J., and T. Hansen, "Media Type
                    Specifications and Registration Procedures", BCP 13,
                    RFC 6838, January 2013,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/bcp13>.

   [DOI]            Levine, J., "Assigning Digital Object Identifiers to
                    RFCs", draft-iab-doi (work in progress), 2014.

   [IDGUIDE]        Housley, R., "Guidelines to Authors of Internet-
                    Drafts",
                    <https://www.ietf.org/id-info/guidelines.html>.

   [LINKRELATIONS]  IANA, "Link Relations", <https://www.iana.org/
                    assignments/link-relations/link-relations.xhtml>.



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   [NONASCII]       Flanagan, H., "The Use of Non-ASCII Characters in
                    RFCs", draft-flanagan-nonascii (work in progress),
                    2015.

   [PREPTOOL]       Hoffman, P. and J. Hildebrand, "RFC v3 Prep Tool
                    Description", draft-hoffman-rfcv3-preptool (work in
                    progress), 2015.

   [RFC2026]        Bradner, S., "The Internet Standards Process --
                    Revision 3", BCP 9, RFC 2026, DOI 10.17487/RFC2026,
                    October 1996,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2026>.

   [RFC2397]        Masinter, L., "The "data" URL scheme", RFC 2397,
                    DOI 10.17487/RFC2397, August 1998,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2397>.

   [RFC2629]        Rose, M., "Writing I-Ds and RFCs using XML",
                    RFC 2629, DOI 10.17487/RFC2629, June 1999,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2629>.

   [RFC3339]        Klyne, G., Ed. and C. Newman, "Date and Time on the
                    Internet: Timestamps", RFC 3339, DOI 10.17487/
                    RFC3339, July 2002,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3339>.

   [RFC3470]        Hollenbeck, S., Rose, M., and L. Masinter,
                    "Guidelines for the Use of Extensible Markup
                    Language (XML) within IETF Protocols", BCP 70,
                    RFC 3470, DOI 10.17487/RFC3470, January 2003,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3470>.

   [RFC3667]        Bradner, S., "IETF Rights in Contributions",
                    RFC 3667, DOI 10.17487/RFC3667, February 2004,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3667>.

   [RFC3966]        Schulzrinne, H., "The tel URI for Telephone
                    Numbers", RFC 3966, DOI 10.17487/RFC3966,
                    December 2004,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3966>.

   [RFC3978]        Bradner, S., "IETF Rights in Contributions",
                    RFC 3978, DOI 10.17487/RFC3978, March 2005,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3978>.

   [RFC3986]        Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R., and L. Masinter,
                    "Uniform Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax",
                    STD 66, RFC 3986, DOI 10.17487/RFC3986,



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                    January 2005,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3986>.

   [RFC5741]        Daigle, L. and O. Kolkman, "RFC Streams, Headers,
                    and Boilerplates", RFC 5741, DOI 10.17487/RFC5741,
                    December 2009,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5741>.

   [RFC6068]        Duerst, M., Masinter, L., and J. Zawinski, "The
                    'mailto' URI Scheme", RFC 6068, DOI 10.17487/
                    RFC6068, October 2010,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6068>.

   [RFC6266]        Reschke, J., "Use of the Content-Disposition Header
                    Field in the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)",
                    RFC 6266, DOI 10.17487/RFC6266, June 2011,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6266>.

   [RFC6949]        Flanagan, H. and N. Brownlee, "RFC Series Format
                    Requirements and Future Development", RFC 6949,
                    DOI 10.17487/RFC6949, May 2013,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6949>.

   [RFC7303]        Thompson, H. and C. Lilley, "XML Media Types",
                    RFC 7303, DOI 10.17487/RFC7303, July 2014,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7303>.

   [RFC7322]        Heather, H. and S. Ginoza, "RFC Style Guide",
                    RFC 7322, DOI 10.17487/RFC7322, September 2014,
                    <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7322>.

   [RFCPOLICY]      RFC Editor, "RFC Editorial Guidelines and
                    Procedures",
                    <https://www.rfc-editor.org/policy.html>.

   [RNC]            Clark, J., "RELAX NG Compact Syntax", OASIS ,
                    November 2002, <https://www.oasis-open.org/
                    committees/relax-ng/compact-20021121.html>.

   [RNG]            ISO/IEC, "Information Technology - Document Schema
                    Definition Languages (DSDL) - Part 2: Regular-
                    Grammar-Based Validation - RELAX NG. Second
                    Edition.", ISO/IEC 19757-2:2008(E), December 2008.

                    A useful source of RNG-related information is
                    <http://relaxng.org/>.

   [SVGforRFCs]     Brownlee, N., "SVG Drawings for RFCs: SVG 1.2 RFC",



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                    draft-brownlee-svg-rfc (work in progress), 2015.

   [TLP2.0]         IETF Trust, "Legal Provisions Relating to IETF
                    Documents", February 2009, <http://trustee.ietf.org/
                    license-info/IETF-TLP-2.htm>.

   [TLP3.0]         IETF Trust, "Legal Provisions Relating to IETF
                    Documents", September 2009, <http://
                    trustee.ietf.org/license-info/IETF-TLP-3.htm>.

   [TLP4.0]         IETF Trust, "Legal Provisions Relating to IETF
                    Documents", December 2009, <http://trustee.ietf.org/
                    license-info/IETF-TLP-4.htm>.

   [UAX24]          The Unicode Consortium, "UAX #24: Unicode Script
                    Property", <http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr24/>.

   [UNICODE]        The Unicode Consortium, "The Unicode Standard".

                    For the latest version, see
                    <http://www.unicode.org/versions/latest/>.

   [USASCII]        American National Standards Institute, "Coded
                    Character Set -- 7-bit American Standard Code for
                    Information Interchange", ANSI X3.4, 1986.

   [XInclude]       Marsh, J., Orchard, D., and D. Veillard, "XML
                    Inclusions (XInclude) Version 1.0 (Second Edition)",
                    W3C Recommendation REC-xinclude-20061115,
                    November 2006, <http://www.w3.org/TR/xinclude/>.

                    Latest version available at
                    <http://www.w3.org/TR/xinclude/>.

   [XPOINTER]       Grosso, P., Maler, E., Marsh, J., and N. Walsh,
                    "XPointer Framework", W3C Recommendation REC-xptr-
                    framework-20030325, March 2003, <http://www.w3.org/
                    TR/2003/REC-xptr-framework-20030325/>.

                    Latest version available at
                    <http://www.w3.org/TR/xptr-framework/>.

Appendix A.  Front Page ('Boilerplate') Generation

A.1.  The /rfc/@ipr Attribute

   This attribute value can take a long list of values, each of which
   describes an IPR policy for the document (Section 2.45.5).  The



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   values are not the result of a grand design, but remain simply for
   historic reasons.  Of these values, only a few are currently in use;
   all others are supported by various tools for backwards compatibility
   with old source files.

      *Note:* some variations of the boilerplate are selected based on
      the document's date; therefore it is important to specify the
      "year", "month" and "day" attributes of the <date> element when
      archiving the XML source of an Internet-Draft on the day of
      submission.

   _Disclaimer: THIS ONLY PROVIDES IMPLEMENTATION INFORMATION.  IF YOU
   NEED LEGAL ADVICE, PLEASE CONTACT A LAWYER._ For further information,
   refer to <http://trustee.ietf.org/docs/IETF-Copyright-FAQ.pdf>.

   For the current "Status Of This Memo" text, the submissionType
   attribute (Section 2.45.12) determines whether a statement about
   "Code Components" is inserted (which is the case for the value
   "IETF", which is the default).  Other values, such as "independent",
   suppress this part of the text.

A.1.1.  Current Values: '*trust200902'

   The name for these values refers to the "IETF TRUST Legal Provisions
   Relating to IETF Documents", sometimes simply called the "TLP", which
   went into effect on February 15, 2009 ([TLP2.0]).  Updates to this
   document were published on September 12, 2009 ([TLP3.0]) and on
   December 28, 2009 ([TLP4.0]), modifying the license for code
   components (see <http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info/> for further
   information).  The actual text is located in Section 6 ("Text To Be
   Included in IETF Documents") of these documents.

   The prep tool automatically produces the "correct" text depending on
   the document's date information (see above):

   +----------+--------------------------------+
   | TLP      | starting with publication date |
   +----------+--------------------------------+
   | [TLP3.0] | 2009-11-01                     |
   | [TLP4.0] | 2010-04-01                     |
   +----------+--------------------------------+

A.1.1.1.  trust200902

   This value should be used unless one of the more specific
   '*trust200902' values is a better fit.  It produces the text in
   Sections 6.a and 6.b of the TLP.




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A.1.1.2.  noModificationTrust200902

   This produces additional text from Section 6.c.i of the TLP:

      This document may not be modified, and derivative works of it may
      not be created, except to format it for publication as an RFC or
      to translate it into languages other than English.

      *Note:* this clause is incompatible with RFCs that are published
      on the Standards Track.

A.1.1.3.  noDerivativesTrust200902

   This produces the additional text from Section 6.c.ii of the TLP:

      This document may not be modified, and derivative works of it may
      not be created, and it may not be published except as an Internet-
      Draft.

      *Note:* this clause is incompatible with RFCs.

A.1.1.4.  pre5378Trust200902

   This produces the additional text from Section 6.c.iii of the TLP,
   frequently called the "pre-5378 escape clause":

      This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF
      Contributions published or made publicly available before November
      10, 2008.  The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this
      material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow
      modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process.
      Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s)
      controlling the copyright in such materials, this document may not
      be modified outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative
      works of it may not be created outside the IETF Standards Process,
      except to format it for publication as an RFC or to translate it
      into languages other than English.

   See Section 4 of
   <http://trustee.ietf.org/docs/IETF-Copyright-FAQ.pdf> for further
   information about when to use this value.

      *Note:* this text appears under "Copyright Notice", unless the
      document was published before November 2009, in which case it
      appears under "Status Of This Memo".






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A.1.2.  Historic Values

A.1.2.1.  Historic Values: '*trust200811'

   The attribute values "trust200811", "noModificationTrust200811" and
   "noDerivativesTrust200811" are similar to their "trust200902"
   counterparts, except that they use text specified in <http://
   trustee.ietf.org/license-info/archive/
   IETF-Trust-License-Policy_11-10-08.pdf>.

A.1.2.2.  Historic Values: '*3978'

   The attribute values "full3978", "noModification3978" and
   "noDerivatives3978" are similar to their counterparts above, except
   that they use text specified in Section 5 of [RFC3978].

A.1.2.3.  Historic Values: '*3667'

   The attribute values "full3667", "noModification3667" and
   "noDerivatives3667" are similar to their counterparts above, except
   that they use text specified in Section 5 of [RFC3667].

A.1.2.4.  Historic Values: '*2026'

   The attribute values "full2026" and "noDerivativeWorks2026" are
   similar to their counterparts above, except that they use text
   specified in Section 10 of [RFC2026].

   The special value "none" was also used back then, and denied the IETF
   any rights beyond publication as Internet-Draft.

A.2.  The /rfc/@submissionType Attribute

   The RFC Editor publishes documents from different "document streams",
   of which the "IETF stream" is the most prominent one.  Other streams
   are the "independent stream" (used for things such as administrative
   information or April 1st RFCs), the "IAB stream" (Internet
   Architecture Board) and the "IRTF stream" (Internet Research Task
   Force).

   The values for the attribute are "IETF" (the default value),
   "independent", "IAB", and "IRTF".

   Historically, this attribute did not affect the final appearance of
   RFCs, except for subtle differences in Copyright notices.  Nowadays
   (as of [RFC5741]), the stream name appears in the first line of the
   front page, and it also affects the text in the "Status Of This Memo"
   section.



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   For current documents, setting submissionType attribute will have the
   following effect:

   o  For RFCs, the stream name appears in the upper left corner of the
      first page (in Internet Drafts, this is either "Network Working
      Group", or the value of the <workgroup> element).

   o  For RFCs, if affects the whole "Status Of This Memo" section (see
      Section 3.2.2 of [RFC5741]).

   o  For all RFCs and Internet Drafts, it determines whether the
      "Copyright Notice" mentions the Copyright on Code Components (see
      TLP, Section "Text To Be Included in IETF Documents").

A.3.  The /rfc/@consensus Attribute

   For some of the publication streams (see Appendix A.2), the "Status
   Of This Memo" section depends on whether there was a consensus to
   publish (again, see Section 3.2.2 of [RFC5741]).

   The consensus attribute can be used to supply this information.  The
   acceptable values are "true" (the default) and "false"; "yes" and
   "no" from v2 are deprecated.  The effect for the various streams is:

   o  "independent" and "IAB": none.

   o  "IETF": mention that there was an IETF consensus.

   o  "IRTF": mention that there was a research group consensus (where
      the name of the research group is extracted from the <workgroup>
      element).

Appendix B.  The v3 Format and Processing Tools

   This section describes topics that are specific to v3 processing
   tools.  Note that there is some discussion of tools in the main body
   of the document as well.  For example, some elements have
   descriptions of how a processing tool might create output from the
   element.

   The expected design of the tools that will be used with v3 documents
   includes:

   o  A "prep tool" that takes a v3 document, makes many checks, adds
      and changes many attribute values, and creates a file that is a
      "prepared document".  The prepared document is a valid v3
      document.  The prep tool is described in [PREPTOOL].




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   o  The prep tool is expected to have many modes:

      *  RFC mode -- The mode used by the RFC Editor to process the
         input from one of the RFC streams, and to process XML produced
         during the RFC editing process.  The restrictions on the
         canonical XML for RFCs, as well as how the non-canonical
         formats will look, are described at <https://
         www.rfc-editor.org/rse/wiki/
         doku.php?id=design:format-and-content-rfcs>.

      *  Draft mode -- The mode used by the Internet Draft submission
         tool.  The restrictions for the XML from this mode will be
         described later.

      *  Diagnostic mode -- A mode that can be used by document authors
         to look for errors or warnings before they submit their
         documents for publication.

      *  Consolidation mode -- Produces output where no external
         resources are required to render the file output.  This
         includes expanding the XInclude entities and DTD entities in
         place, and changing all elements that have "src" attributes
         with external links into either "data:" URI or content for the
         element, as specified in [PREPTOOL].

   o  Formatting tools that will create HTML, PDF, plain text, and
      possibly other output formats.  These formatters will be created
      by the IETF, but others can create such tools as well.  The IETF
      tools are expected to take prepared documents as input.

   There may also be processing tools that are meant to run on the
   computers of authors.  These tools may be used to produce interim
   versions of the non-canonical representations so that authors can see
   how their XML might later be rendered; to create documents in
   representations different than those supported by the RFC Editor; to
   possibly create documents that are not meant to be Internet Drafts or
   RFCs; and to convert XML that has external information into XML that
   has that external information included.

   The prep tool is expected to have clear error reporting, giving more
   context than just a line number.  For example, the error messages
   should differentiate between errors in XML and those from the v3
   format.

   In v2, the grammar was specified as a DTD.  In v3, the grammar is
   specified only as Relax Next Generation (RNG).  This means that tools
   need to work from the RNG, not from a DTD.  Some of the features of
   the v3 grammar cannot be specified as a DTD.



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B.1.  Including External Text with XInclude

   All tools for the v3 format are expected to support XInclude
   [XInclude].  XInclude specifies a processing model and syntax for
   general purpose inclusion of information that is either on the
   Internet or local to the user's computer.

   In the v3 syntax, XInclude is expressed as the <xi:include> element.
   To use this element, you need to include the "xi" namespace in the
   <rfc> element; that is, you need to specify

   xmlns:xi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XInclude"

   as one of the attributes in the <rfc> element.

   The most common way to use <xi:include> is to pull in references that
   are already formed as XML.  Currently, this can be done from
   xml2rfc.tools.ietf.org, but later is expected to be from the RFC
   Editor.  For example, if a document has three normative references,
   all RFCs, the document might contain:

   <references>
       <xi:include href="http://xml2rfc.tools.ietf.org/public/rfc/
          bibxml/reference.RFC.2119.xml"/>
       <xi:include href="http://xml2rfc.tools.ietf.org/public/rfc/
          bibxml/reference.RFC.4869.xml"/>
       <xi:include href="http://xml2rfc.tools.ietf.org/public/rfc/
          bibxml/reference.RFC.7169.xml"/>
   </references>

   <xi:include> can be used anywhere an XML element could be used (but
   not where free text is used).  For example, if three Internet Drafts
   are all including a particular paragraph or section verbatim, that
   text can be kept either in a file or somewhere on the web, and be
   included with <xi:include>.  An example of pulling something from the
   local disk would be:

   <x:include href="file://home/chris/ietf/drafts/commontext.xml"/>

   In general, XInclude should be used instead of ENTITY references and
   XML Processor Instructions (PIs) that allow external inclusions.

B.2.  Anchors and IDs

   People writing and reading Internet Drafts and RFCs often want to
   make reference to specific locations in those documents.  In the case
   of RFC authors, it is common to want to reference another part of
   their document, such as "see Section 3.2 of this document".  Readers,



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   on the other hand, want to reference part of documents that they
   didn't write, such as "see Section 3.2 of RFC 6949".  The XML
   vocabulary in this document attempts to support both sets of people.

   Authors can leave anchors in a document that can later be used for
   references with the "anchor" attribute.  Anchors can be included in
   the following elements: <artwork>, <aside>, <blockquote>, <cref>,
   <figure>, <li>, <reference>, <referencegroup>, <section>,
   <sourcecode>, <t>, and <table>.  The author can then refer to that
   anchor in the "target" attribute of the <xref> element.

   Readers can refer to any element that has an "anchor" attribute by
   that attribute.  Note, however, that most of the time, elements won't
   have anchors.  In the common case, the reader wants to refer to an
   element that does not have an "anchor" attribute, but that element
   has "pn" attribute.

   Processing tools add the "pn" attribute to many elements during
   processing.  This attribute and its value are automatically generated
   by the tool if the attribute is not there; if the attribute is
   already there, the tool may replace the value.

B.2.1.  Overlapping Values

   In the HTML representation of this XML vocabulary, both anchors and
   "pn" attributes will be used in the "id" attributes of elements.
   Thus, there can be no overlap between the names entered in "anchor"
   attributes, in "slugifiedName" attributes, and those that are
   generated for the "pn" attributes.  Also, there are some values for
   the "anchor" values that are reserved for sections, and those
   sections can only have those anchor values.

   The following rules prevent this overlap:

   o  "pn" for regular sections always has the format "s-nnn", where
      "nnn" is the section or appendix number.  For example, this would
      be "s-2.1.3" for Section 2.1.3 and "s-a" for Appendix A.  For the
      <abstract> element, it is always "s-abstract".  For the <note>
      element, it is always "s-note-nnn", where "nnn" is a sequential
      value.  For the <boilerplate> element, it is always
      "s-boilerplate-nnn", where "nnn" is a sequential value.

   o  "pn" for <figure> elements always has the format "f-nnn", where
      "nnn" is the figure number.  For example, this would be "f-5" for
      Figure 5.

   o  "pn" for <table> elements always has the format "t-nnn", where
      "nnn" is the table number.  For example, this would be "t-5" for



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      Table 5.

   o  "pn" for all elements not listed above always has the format
      "p-nnn-mmm", where "nnn" is the section number and "mmm" is the
      relative position in the section.  For example, this would be
      "p-2.1.3-7" for the seventh part number in Section 2.1.3.

   o  "slugifiedName" always has the format "n-ttt", where "ttt" is the
      text of the name after slugification.  For example, this would be
      "n-protocol-overview" for the name "Protocol Overview".  The
      actual conversions done in slugification will be specified at a
      later time.

   o  Anchors must never overlap with any of the above.  The easiest way
      to assure that is to not pick an anchor name that starts with a
      single letter followed by a hyphen.  If an anchor does overlap
      with one of the types of names above, the processing tool will
      reject the document.

B.3.  Attributes Controlled by the Prep Tool

   Many elements in the v3 vocabulary have new attributes whose role is
   to hold values generated by the prep tool.  These attributes can
   exist in documents that are input to the prep tool; however, any of
   these attributes might be added, removed, or changed by the prep
   tool.  Thus, it is explicitly unsafe for a document author to include
   these attributes and expect that their values will survive processing
   by the prep tool.

   The attributes that are controlled by the prep tool are:

   o  The "pn" attribute in any element -- The number for this item
      within the section.  The numbering is shared with other elements
      of a section.  The "pn" attribute is added to many block-level
      elements inside sections.

   o  <artwork> originalSrc -- This attribute is filled with the
      original value of the "src" attribute if that attribute is removed
      by the prep tool.

   o  <iref> "irefid" attribute -- This attribute is filled with an
      identifier used when creating indexes.

   o  <name> "slugifiedName" attribute -- This attribute is filled with
      a "slugified" version of the text in the element.  This attribute
      can be used in the output formats for elements that have both
      names and numbers.




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   o  <relref> "derivedLink" attribute -- This attribute is filled with
      the link that is derived from combining the URI from the reference
      and the relative part that is either a copy of the "relative"
      attribute or a section number derived from the "section"
      attribute.

   o  <relref> "derivedRemoteContent" attribute -- If the <relref>
      element has text content, this attribute is filled with that
      content; the "displayFormat" attribute is set to "bare" if that
      attribute is not already set.  If the <relref> element has no text
      content, this attribute is filled with the text for the remote
      link, such as "Section 2.3" or "Table 5".  The prep tool might
      determine this text by reading the target reference and, if it is
      a RFC or Internet-Draft in the v3 format, finding the anchor given
      in the "relative" attribute or derived from the "section"
      attribute, and using the title of that element.  If the reference
      is not an RFC or Internet-Draft in the v3 format, the text
      fragment is simply the value of the "relative" or "section"
      attribute.  This will rarely produce a good result in formatted
      output so, for these documents, the <relref> element should
      contain text content.

   o  <rfc> "expiresDate" attribute -- This attribute is filled with the
      date that an Internet Draft expires.  The date is in the format
      yyyy-mm-dd.

   o  <rfc> "mode" attribute -- This attribute is filled with a string
      that indicates what mode the prep tool was in when it processed
      the XML, such as whether it was processing a file to become an
      Internet-Draft or an RFC.

   o  <rfc> "scripts" attribute -- This attribute is filled with a list
      of scripts needed to render this document.  The list is comma-
      separated, with no spaces allowed.  The order is unimportant.  The
      names come from [UAX24].  For example, if the document has Chinese
      characters in it, the value might be "Common,Latin,Han".

   o  <sourcecode> "originalSrc" attribute -- This attribute is filled
      with the original value of the "src" attribute if that attribute
      is removed by the prep tool.

   o  <xref> "derivedContent" attribute -- This attribute is filled in
      if there is no content in the <xref> element.  The value for this
      attribute based on the value in the "displayFormat" attribute. [[
      More needs to be said here about the exact values based on the
      value of the "format" attribute, drawing from xref/@format ]]

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   controlled by the prep tool.

Appendix C.  Relax NG Schema

   The following is the RelaxNG schema for the v3 format.


   namespace a = "http://relaxng.org/ns/compatibility/annotations/1.0"
   namespace ns1 = "http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"

   # xml2rfc Version 3 grammar

   rfc =
     element rfc {
       attribute number { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute obsoletes { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute updates { text }?,
       attribute category { text }?,
       attribute mode { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
       attribute consensus { "no" | "yes" | "false" | "true" }?,
       attribute seriesNo { text }?,
       attribute ipr {
         "full2026"
         | "noDerivativeWorks2026"
         | "none"
         | "full3667"
         | "noModification3667"
         | "noDerivatives3667"
         | "full3978"
         | "noModification3978"
         | "noDerivatives3978"
         | "trust200811"
         | "noModificationTrust200811"
         | "noDerivativesTrust200811"
         | "trust200902"
         | "noModificationTrust200902"
         | "noDerivativesTrust200902"
         | "pre5378Trust200902"
       }?,
       attribute iprExtract { xsd:IDREF }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "IETF" ]
       attribute submissionType {
         "IETF" | "IAB" | "IRTF" | "independent"
       }?,
       attribute docName { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
       attribute sortRefs { "true" | "false" }?,



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       [ a:defaultValue = "true" ]
       attribute symRefs { "true" | "false" }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "true" ]
       attribute tocInclude { "true" | "false" }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "3" ] attribute tocDepth { text }?,
       attribute prepTime { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "true" ]
       attribute indexInclude { "true" | "false" }?,
       attribute version { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "Common,Latin" ] attribute scripts { text }?,
       attribute expiresDate { text }?,
       link*,
       front,
       middle,
       back?
     }

   link =
     element link {
       attribute href { text },
       attribute rel { text }?
     }

   front =
     element front {
       title,
       author+,
       date?,
       area*,
       workgroup*,
       keyword*,
       abstract?,
       seriesInfo*,
       note*,
       boilerplate?
     }

   title =
     element title {
       attribute abbrev { text }?,
       attribute ascii { text }?,
       text
     }

   author =
     element author {
       attribute initials { text }?,
       attribute asciiInitials { text }?,



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       attribute surname { text }?,
       attribute asciiSurname { text }?,
       attribute fullname { text }?,
       attribute role { "editor" }?,
       attribute asciiFullname { text }?,
       organization?,
       address?
     }

   organization =
     element organization {
       attribute abbrev { text }?,
       attribute ascii { text }?,
       text
     }

   address =
     element address { postal?, phone?, facsimile?, email?, uri? }

   postal =
     element postal {
       (city | code | country | region | street)* | postalLine+
     }

   street =
     element street {
       attribute ascii { text }?,
       text
     }

   city =
     element city {
       attribute ascii { text }?,
       text
     }

   region =
     element region {
       attribute ascii { text }?,
       text
     }

   code =
     element code {
       attribute ascii { text }?,
       text
     }




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   country =
     element country {
       attribute ascii { text }?,
       text
     }

   postalLine =
     element postalLine {
       attribute ascii { text }?,
       text
     }

   phone = element phone { text }

   facsimile = element facsimile { text }

   email =
     element email {
       attribute ascii { text }?,
       text
     }

   uri = element uri { text }

   date =
     element date {
       attribute day { text }?,
       attribute month { text }?,
       attribute year { text }?,
       empty
     }

   area = element area { text }

   workgroup = element workgroup { text }

   keyword = element keyword { text }

   abstract =
     element abstract {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       (dl | ol | t | ul)+
     }

   note =
     element note {
       attribute title { text }?,



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       attribute pn { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
       attribute removeInRFC { "true" | "false" }?,
       name?,
       (dl | ol | t | ul)+
     }

   boilerplate =
     element boilerplate {
       attribute pn { text }?,
       section+
     }

   middle = element middle { section+ }

   section =
     element section {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       attribute title { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "true" ]
       attribute numbered { "true" | "false" }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "default" ]
       attribute toc { "include" | "exclude" | "default" }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
       attribute removeInRFC { "true" | "false" }?,
       name?,
       (artwork
        | aside
        | blockquote
        | dl
        | figure
        | iref
        | ol
        | sourcecode
        | t
        | table
        | texttable
        | ul)*,
       section*
     }

   name =
     element name {
       attribute slugifiedName { text }?,
       (text | cref | eref | relref | tt | xref)*
     }




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   t =
     element t {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       attribute hangText { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
       attribute keepWithNext { "false" | "true" }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
       attribute keepWithPrevious { "false" | "true" }?,
       (text
        | bcp14
        | cref
        | em
        | eref
        | iref
        | \list
        | relref
        | spanx
        | strong
        | sub
        | sup
        | tt
        | vspace
        | xref)*
     }

   aside =
     element aside {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       (artwork | dl | figure | iref | \list | ol | t | table | ul)*
     }

   blockquote =
     element blockquote {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       attribute cite { text }?,
       attribute quotedFrom { text }?,
       ((artwork | dl | figure | ol | sourcecode | t | ul)+
        | (text
           | bcp14
           | cref
           | em
           | eref
           | iref
           | relref
           | strong



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           | sub
           | sup
           | tt
           | xref)+)
     }

   \list =
     element list {
       [ a:defaultValue = "empty" ] attribute style { text }?,
       attribute hangIndent { text }?,
       attribute counter { text }?,
       t+
     }

   ol =
     element ol {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "1" ] attribute type { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "1" ] attribute start { text }?,
       attribute group { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "normal" ]
       attribute spacing { "normal" | "compact" }?,
       li+
     }

   ul =
     element ul {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "normal" ]
       attribute spacing { "normal" | "compact" }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
       attribute empty { "false" | "true" }?,
       li+
     }

   li =
     element li {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       ((artwork | dl | figure | ol | sourcecode | t | ul)+
        | (text
           | bcp14
           | cref
           | em
           | eref
           | iref



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           | relref
           | strong
           | sub
           | sup
           | tt
           | xref)+)
     }

   dl =
     element dl {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "normal" ]
       attribute spacing { "normal" | "compact" }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "true" ]
       attribute hanging { "false" | "true" }?,
       (dt, dd)+
     }

   dt =
     element dt {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       (text
        | bcp14
        | cref
        | em
        | eref
        | iref
        | relref
        | strong
        | sub
        | sup
        | tt
        | xref)*
     }

   dd =
     element dd {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       ((artwork | dl | figure | ol | sourcecode | t | ul)+
        | (text
           | bcp14
           | cref
           | em
           | eref
           | iref



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           | relref
           | strong
           | sub
           | sup
           | tt
           | xref)+)
     }

   xref =
     element xref {
       attribute target { xsd:IDREF },
       [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
       attribute pageno { "true" | "false" }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "default" ]
       attribute format { "default" | "title" | "counter" | "none" }?,
       attribute derivedContent { text }?,
       text
     }

   relref =
     element relref {
       attribute target { xsd:IDREF },
       [ a:defaultValue = "of" ]
       attribute displayFormat { "of" | "comma" | "parens" | "bare" }?,
       (attribute section { text },
        attribute relative { text }?)?,
       attribute derivedRemoteContent { text }?,
       attribute derivedLink { text }?,
       text
     }

   eref =
     element eref {
       attribute target { text },
       text
     }

   iref =
     element iref {
       attribute item { text },
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute subitem { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
       attribute primary { "true" | "false" }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute irefid { text }?,
       empty
     }

   cref =



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     element cref {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute source { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "true" ]
       attribute display { "true" | "false" }?,
       (text | em | eref | relref | strong | sub | sup | tt | xref)*
     }

   tt =
     element tt {
       (text
        | bcp14
        | cref
        | em
        | eref
        | iref
        | relref
        | strong
        | sub
        | sup
        | xref)*
     }

   strong =
     element strong {
       (text
        | bcp14
        | cref
        | em
        | eref
        | iref
        | relref
        | sub
        | sup
        | tt
        | xref)*
     }

   em =
     element em {
       (text
        | bcp14
        | cref
        | eref
        | iref
        | relref
        | strong
        | sub



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        | sup
        | tt
        | xref)*
     }

   sub =
     element sub {
       (text
        | bcp14
        | cref
        | em
        | eref
        | iref
        | relref
        | strong
        | tt
        | xref)*
     }

   sup =
     element sup {
       (text
        | bcp14
        | cref
        | em
        | eref
        | iref
        | relref
        | strong
        | tt
        | xref)*
     }

   spanx =
     element spanx {
       [ a:defaultValue = "preserve" ]
       attribute xml:space { "default" | "preserve" }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "emph" ] attribute style { text }?,
       text
     }

   vspace =
     element vspace {
       [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute blankLines { text }?,
       empty
     }

   figure =



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     element figure {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute title { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
       attribute suppress-title { "true" | "false" }?,
       attribute src { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "left" ]
       attribute align { "left" | "center" | "right" }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute alt { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute width { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute height { text }?,
       name?,
       iref*,
       preamble?,
       (artwork | sourcecode)+,
       postamble?
     }

   table =
     element table {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       name?,
       iref*,
       thead?,
       tbody+,
       tfoot?
     }

   preamble =
     element preamble {
       (text
        | bcp14
        | cref
        | em
        | eref
        | iref
        | relref
        | spanx
        | strong
        | sub
        | sup
        | tt
        | xref)*
     }

   artwork =



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     element artwork {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       attribute xml:space { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute name { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute type { text }?,
       attribute src { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "left" ]
       attribute align { "left" | "center" | "right" }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute alt { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute width { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute height { text }?,
       attribute originalSrc { text }?,
       (text* | svg)
     }

   svg =
     element ns1:svg {
       attribute * { text }*,
       anything
     }

   anything =
     element * {
       attribute * { text }*,
       anything*
     }

   sourcecode =
     element sourcecode {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute name { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute type { text }?,
       attribute src { text }?,
       attribute originalSrc { text }?,
       text
     }

   thead =
     element thead {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       tr+
     }

   tbody =
     element tbody {



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       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       tr+
     }

   tfoot =
     element tfoot {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       tr+
     }

   tr =
     element tr {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute border { text }?,
       (td | th)+
     }

   td =
     element td {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute border { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute colspan { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute rowspan { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "left" ]
       attribute align { "left" | "center" | "right" }?,
       (t+
        | (text
           | artwork
           | bcp14
           | br
           | cref
           | dl
           | em
           | eref
           | figure
           | iref
           | ol
           | relref
           | sourcecode
           | strong
           | sub
           | sup
           | tt
           | ul
           | xref)+)



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     }

   th =
     element th {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute pn { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute border { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute colspan { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute rowspan { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "left" ]
       attribute align { "left" | "center" | "right" }?,
       (t+
        | (text
           | artwork
           | bcp14
           | br
           | cref
           | dl
           | em
           | eref
           | figure
           | iref
           | ol
           | relref
           | sourcecode
           | strong
           | sub
           | sup
           | tt
           | ul
           | xref)+)
     }

   postamble =
     element postamble { (text | cref | eref | iref | spanx | xref)* }

   texttable =
     element texttable {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute title { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
       attribute suppress-title { "true" | "false" }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "center" ]
       attribute align { "left" | "center" | "right" }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "full" ]
       attribute style { "all" | "none" | "headers" | "full" }?,
       name?,
       preamble?,



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       ttcol+,
       c*,
       postamble?
     }

   ttcol =
     element ttcol {
       attribute width { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "left" ]
       attribute align { "left" | "center" | "right" }?,
       (cref | eref | iref | xref | text)*
     }

   c = element c { (text | cref | eref | iref | spanx | xref)* }

   bcp14 = element bcp14 { text }

   br = element br { empty }

   back = element back { displayreference*, references*, section* }

   displayreference =
     element displayreference {
       attribute target { xsd:IDREF },
       attribute to { text }
     }

   references =
     element references {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
       attribute title { text }?,
       name?,
       (reference | referencegroup)*
     }

   reference =
     element reference {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID },
       attribute target { text }?,
       [ a:defaultValue = "true" ]
       attribute quoteTitle { "true" | "false" }?,
       front,
       (annotation | format | refcontent | seriesInfo)*
     }

   referencegroup =
     element referencegroup {
       attribute anchor { xsd:ID },



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       reference+
     }

   seriesInfo =
     element seriesInfo {
       attribute name { text },
       attribute value { text },
       attribute asciiName { text }?,
       attribute asciiValue { text }?,
       empty
     }

   format =
     element format {
       attribute target { text }?,
       attribute type { text },
       attribute octets { text }?,
       empty
     }

   annotation =
     element annotation {
       (text
        | bcp14
        | cref
        | em
        | eref
        | iref
        | relref
        | spanx
        | strong
        | sub
        | sup
        | tt
        | xref)*
     }

   refcontent =
     element refcontent {
       (text | bcp14 | em | strong | sub | sup | tt)*
     }

   start = rfc








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Appendix D.  Schema Differences from v2

   The following is a non-normative comparison of the v3 format to the
   v2 format.  A "-" indicates lines removed from the v2 schema, and a
   "+" indicates lines added to the v3 schema.


     namespace a =
     "http://relaxng.org/ns/compatibility/annotations/1.0"
   + namespace ns1 = "http://www.w3.org/2000/svg"

   + # xml2rfc Version 3 grammar
     rfc =
       element rfc {
         attribute number { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute obsoletes { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute updates { text }?,
   -     attribute category { "std" | "bcp" | "info" | "exp" |
   - "historic" }?,
   -     attribute consensus { "no" | "yes" }?,
   +     attribute category { text }?,
   +     attribute mode { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
   +     attribute consensus { "no" | "yes" | "false" | "true" }?,
         attribute seriesNo { text }?,
         attribute ipr {
           "full2026"
           | "noDerivativeWorks2026"
           | "none"
           | "full3667"
           | "noModification3667"
           | "noDerivatives3667"
           | "full3978"
           | "noModification3978"
           | "noDerivatives3978"
           | "trust200811"
           | "noModificationTrust200811"
           | "noDerivativesTrust200811"
           | "trust200902"
           | "noModificationTrust200902"
           | "noDerivativesTrust200902"
           | "pre5378Trust200902"
         }?,
         attribute iprExtract { xsd:IDREF }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "IETF" ]
         attribute submissionType {
           "IETF" | "IAB" | "IRTF" | "independent"
         }?,



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         attribute docName { text }?,
   -     [ a:defaultValue = "en" ] attribute xml:lang { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
   +     attribute sortRefs { "true" | "false" }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "true" ]
   +     attribute symRefs { "true" | "false" }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "true" ]
   +     attribute tocInclude { "true" | "false" }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "3" ] attribute tocDepth { text }?,
   +     attribute prepTime { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "true" ]
   +     attribute indexInclude { "true" | "false" }?,
   +     attribute version { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "Common,Latin" ] attribute scripts { text
   + }?,
   +     attribute expiresDate { text }?,
   +     link*,
         front,
         middle,
         back?
       }
   + link =
   +   element link {
   +     attribute href { text },
   +     attribute rel { text }?
   +   }
     front =
       element front {
   -     title, author+, date, area*, workgroup*, keyword*, abstract?,
   - note*
   +     title,
   +     author+,
   +     date?,
   +     area*,
   +     workgroup*,
   +     keyword*,
   +     abstract?,
   +     seriesInfo*,
   +     note*,
   +     boilerplate?
       }
     title =
       element title {
         attribute abbrev { text }?,
   +     attribute ascii { text }?,
         text
       }
     author =



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       element author {
         attribute initials { text }?,
   +     attribute asciiInitials { text }?,
         attribute surname { text }?,
   +     attribute asciiSurname { text }?,
         attribute fullname { text }?,
         attribute role { "editor" }?,
   +     attribute asciiFullname { text }?,
         organization?,
         address?
       }
     organization =
       element organization {
         attribute abbrev { text }?,
   +     attribute ascii { text }?,
   +     text
   +   }
   + address =
   +   element address { postal?, phone?, facsimile?, email?, uri? }
   + postal =
   +   element postal {
   +     (city | code | country | region | street)* | postalLine+
   +   }
   + street =
   +   element street {
   +     attribute ascii { text }?,
   +     text
   +   }
   + city =
   +   element city {
   +     attribute ascii { text }?,
   +     text
   +   }
   + region =
   +   element region {
   +     attribute ascii { text }?,
   +     text
   +   }
   + code =
   +   element code {
   +     attribute ascii { text }?,
   +     text
   +   }
   + country =
   +   element country {
   +     attribute ascii { text }?,
   +     text
   +   }



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   + postalLine =
   +   element postalLine {
   +     attribute ascii { text }?,
         text
       }
   - address = element address { postal?, phone?, facsimile?, email?,
   - uri? }
   - postal = element postal { street+, (city | region | code |
   - country)* }
   - street = element street { text }
   - city = element city { text }
   - region = element region { text }
   - code = element code { text }
   - country = element country { text }
     phone = element phone { text }
     facsimile = element facsimile { text }
   - email = element email { text }
   + email =
   +   element email {
   +     attribute ascii { text }?,
   +     text
   +   }
     uri = element uri { text }
     date =
       element date {
         attribute day { text }?,
         attribute month { text }?,
         attribute year { text }?,
         empty
       }
     area = element area { text }
     workgroup = element workgroup { text }
     keyword = element keyword { text }
   - abstract = element abstract { t+ }
   + abstract =
   +   element abstract {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     (dl | ol | t | ul)+
   +   }
     note =
       element note {
   -     attribute title { text },
   -     t+
   +     attribute title { text }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
   +     attribute removeInRFC { "true" | "false" }?,



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   +     name?,
   +     (dl | ol | t | ul)+
   +   }
   + boilerplate =
   +   element boilerplate {
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     section+
       }
     middle = element middle { section+ }
     section =
       element section {
         attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   -     attribute title { text },
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     attribute title { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "true" ]
   +     attribute numbered { "true" | "false" }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "default" ]
         attribute toc { "include" | "exclude" | "default" }?,
   -     (t | figure | texttable | iref)*,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
   +     attribute removeInRFC { "true" | "false" }?,
   +     name?,
   +     (artwork
   +      | aside
   +      | blockquote
   +      | dl
   +      | figure
   +      | iref
   +      | ol
   +      | sourcecode
   +      | t
   +      | table
   +      | texttable
   +      | ul)*,
         section*
       }
   + name =
   +   element name {
   +     attribute slugifiedName { text }?,
   +     (text | cref | eref | relref | tt | xref)*
   +   }
     t =
       element t {
         attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
         attribute hangText { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]



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   +     attribute keepWithNext { "false" | "true" }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
   +     attribute keepWithPrevious { "false" | "true" }?,
         (text
   -      | \list
   -      | figure
   -      | xref
   +      | bcp14
   +      | cref
   +      | em
          | eref
          | iref
   -      | cref
   +      | \list
   +      | relref
          | spanx
   -      | vspace)*
   +      | strong
   +      | sub
   +      | sup
   +      | tt
   +      | vspace
   +      | xref)*
   +   }
   + aside =
   +   element aside {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     (artwork | dl | figure | iref | \list | ol | t | table | ul)*
   +   }
   + blockquote =
   +   element blockquote {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     attribute cite { text }?,
   +     attribute quotedFrom { text }?,
   +     ((artwork | dl | figure | ol | sourcecode | t | ul)+
   +      | (text
   +         | bcp14
   +         | cref
   +         | em
   +         | eref
   +         | iref
   +         | relref
   +         | strong
   +         | sub
   +         | sup
   +         | tt



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   +         | xref)+)
       }
     \list =
       element list {
   -     attribute style { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "empty" ] attribute style { text }?,
         attribute hangIndent { text }?,
         attribute counter { text }?,
         t+
       }
   + ol =
   +   element ol {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "1" ] attribute type { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "1" ] attribute start { text }?,
   +     attribute group { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "normal" ]
   +     attribute spacing { "normal" | "compact" }?,
   +     li+
   +   }
   + ul =
   +   element ul {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "normal" ]
   +     attribute spacing { "normal" | "compact" }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
   +     attribute empty { "false" | "true" }?,
   +     li+
   +   }
   + li =
   +   element li {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     ((artwork | dl | figure | ol | sourcecode | t | ul)+
   +      | (text
   +         | bcp14
   +         | cref
   +         | em
   +         | eref
   +         | iref
   +         | relref
   +         | strong
   +         | sub
   +         | sup
   +         | tt
   +         | xref)+)



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   +   }
   + dl =
   +   element dl {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "normal" ]
   +     attribute spacing { "normal" | "compact" }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "true" ]
   +     attribute hanging { "false" | "true" }?,
   +     (dt, dd)+
   +   }
   + dt =
   +   element dt {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     (text
   +      | bcp14
   +      | cref
   +      | em
   +      | eref
   +      | iref
   +      | relref
   +      | strong
   +      | sub
   +      | sup
   +      | tt
   +      | xref)*
   +   }
   + dd =
   +   element dd {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     ((artwork | dl | figure | ol | sourcecode | t | ul)+
   +      | (text
   +         | bcp14
   +         | cref
   +         | em
   +         | eref
   +         | iref
   +         | relref
   +         | strong
   +         | sub
   +         | sup
   +         | tt
   +         | xref)+)
   +   }
     xref =
       element xref {



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         attribute target { xsd:IDREF },
   -     [ a:defaultValue = "false" ] attribute pageno { "true" |
   - "false" }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
   +     attribute pageno { "true" | "false" }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "default" ]
   -     attribute format { "counter" | "title" | "none" | "default"
   +     attribute format { "default" | "title" | "counter" | "none"
     }?,
   +     attribute derivedContent { text }?,
   +     text
   +   }
   + relref =
   +   element relref {
   +     attribute target { xsd:IDREF },
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "of" ]
   +     attribute displayFormat { "of" | "comma" | "parens" | "bare"
   + }?,
   +     (attribute section { text },
   +      attribute relative { text }?)?,
   +     attribute derivedRemoteContent { text }?,
   +     attribute derivedLink { text }?,
         text
       }
     eref =
       element eref {
         attribute target { text },
         text
       }
     iref =
       element iref {
         attribute item { text },
         [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute subitem { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
         attribute primary { "true" | "false" }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute irefid { text }?,
         empty
       }
     cref =
       element cref {
         attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
         attribute source { text }?,
   -     text
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "true" ]
   +     attribute display { "true" | "false" }?,
   +     (text | em | eref | relref | strong | sub | sup | tt | xref)*
   +   }
   + tt =



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   +   element tt {
   +     (text
   +      | bcp14
   +      | cref
   +      | em
   +      | eref
   +      | iref
   +      | relref
   +      | strong
   +      | sub
   +      | sup
   +      | xref)*
   +   }
   + strong =
   +   element strong {
   +     (text
   +      | bcp14
   +      | cref
   +      | em
   +      | eref
   +      | iref
   +      | relref
   +      | sub
   +      | sup
   +      | tt
   +      | xref)*
   +   }
   + em =
   +   element em {
   +     (text
   +      | bcp14
   +      | cref
   +      | eref
   +      | iref
   +      | relref
   +      | strong
   +      | sub
   +      | sup
   +      | tt
   +      | xref)*
   +   }
   + sub =
   +   element sub {
   +     (text
   +      | bcp14
   +      | cref
   +      | em
   +      | eref



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   +      | iref
   +      | relref
   +      | strong
   +      | tt
   +      | xref)*
   +   }
   + sup =
   +   element sup {
   +     (text
   +      | bcp14
   +      | cref
   +      | em
   +      | eref
   +      | iref
   +      | relref
   +      | strong
   +      | tt
   +      | xref)*
       }
     spanx =
       element spanx {
         [ a:defaultValue = "preserve" ]
         attribute xml:space { "default" | "preserve" }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "emph" ] attribute style { text }?,
         text
       }
     vspace =
       element vspace {
         [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute blankLines { text }?,
         empty
       }
     figure =
       element figure {
         attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute title { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
         attribute suppress-title { "true" | "false" }?,
         attribute src { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "left" ]
         attribute align { "left" | "center" | "right" }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute alt { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute width { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute height { text }?,
   +     name?,
         iref*,
         preamble?,
   -     artwork,



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   +     (artwork | sourcecode)+,
         postamble?
       }
   + table =
   +   element table {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     name?,
   +     iref*,
   +     thead?,
   +     tbody+,
   +     tfoot?
   +   }
     preamble =
   -   element preamble { (text | xref | eref | iref | cref | spanx)* }
   +   element preamble {
   +     (text
   +      | bcp14
   +      | cref
   +      | em
   +      | eref
   +      | iref
   +      | relref
   +      | spanx
   +      | strong
   +      | sub
   +      | sup
   +      | tt
   +      | xref)*
   +   }
     artwork =
       element artwork {
   -     [ a:defaultValue = "preserve" ]
   -     attribute xml:space { "default" | "preserve" }?,
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     attribute xml:space { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute name { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute type { text }?,
         attribute src { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "left" ]
         attribute align { "left" | "center" | "right" }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute alt { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute width { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute height { text }?,
   -     text*
   +     attribute originalSrc { text }?,
   +     (text* | svg)



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   +   }
   + svg =
   +   element ns1:svg {
   +     attribute * { text }*,
   +     anything
   +   }
   + anything =
   +   element * {
   +     attribute * { text }*,
   +     anything*
   +   }
   + sourcecode =
   +   element sourcecode {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute name { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute type { text }?,
   +     attribute src { text }?,
   +     attribute originalSrc { text }?,
   +     text
   +   }
   + thead =
   +   element thead {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     tr+
   +   }
   + tbody =
   +   element tbody {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     tr+
   +   }
   + tfoot =
   +   element tfoot {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     tr+
   +   }
   + tr =
   +   element tr {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute border { text }?,
   +     (td | th)+
   +   }
   + td =
   +   element td {



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   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute border { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute colspan { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute rowspan { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "left" ]
   +     attribute align { "left" | "center" | "right" }?,
   +     (t+
   +      | (text
   +         | artwork
   +         | bcp14
   +         | br
   +         | cref
   +         | dl
   +         | em
   +         | eref
   +         | figure
   +         | iref
   +         | ol
   +         | relref
   +         | sourcecode
   +         | strong
   +         | sub
   +         | sup
   +         | tt
   +         | ul
   +         | xref)+)
   +   }
   + th =
   +   element th {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute pn { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute border { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute colspan { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "0" ] attribute rowspan { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "left" ]
   +     attribute align { "left" | "center" | "right" }?,
   +     (t+
   +      | (text
   +         | artwork
   +         | bcp14
   +         | br
   +         | cref
   +         | dl
   +         | em
   +         | eref
   +         | figure
   +         | iref
   +         | ol



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   +         | relref
   +         | sourcecode
   +         | strong
   +         | sub
   +         | sup
   +         | tt
   +         | ul
   +         | xref)+)
       }
     postamble =
   -   element postamble { (text | xref | eref | iref | cref | spanx)*
   +   element postamble { (text | cref | eref | iref | spanx | xref)*
     }
     texttable =
       element texttable {
         attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "" ] attribute title { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "false" ]
         attribute suppress-title { "true" | "false" }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "center" ]
         attribute align { "left" | "center" | "right" }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "full" ]
         attribute style { "all" | "none" | "headers" | "full" }?,
   +     name?,
         preamble?,
         ttcol+,
         c*,
         postamble?
       }
     ttcol =
       element ttcol {
         attribute width { text }?,
         [ a:defaultValue = "left" ]
         attribute align { "left" | "center" | "right" }?,
   -     text
   +     (cref | eref | iref | xref | text)*
   +   }
   + c = element c { (text | cref | eref | iref | spanx | xref)* }
   + bcp14 = element bcp14 { text }
   + br = element br { empty }
   + back = element back { displayreference*, references*, section* }
   + displayreference =
   +   element displayreference {
   +     attribute target { xsd:IDREF },
   +     attribute to { text }
       }
   - c = element c { (text | xref | eref | iref | cref | spanx)* }
   - back = element back { references*, section* }



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     references =
       element references {
   -     [ a:defaultValue = "References" ] attribute title { text }?,
   -     reference+
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID }?,
   +     attribute title { text }?,
   +     name?,
   +     (reference | referencegroup)*
       }
     reference =
       element reference {
         attribute anchor { xsd:ID },
         attribute target { text }?,
   +     [ a:defaultValue = "true" ]
   +     attribute quoteTitle { "true" | "false" }?,
         front,
   -     seriesInfo*,
   -     format*,
   -     annotation*
   +     (annotation | format | refcontent | seriesInfo)*
   +   }
   + referencegroup =
   +   element referencegroup {
   +     attribute anchor { xsd:ID },
   +     reference+
       }
     seriesInfo =
       element seriesInfo {
         attribute name { text },
         attribute value { text },
   +     attribute asciiName { text }?,
   +     attribute asciiValue { text }?,
         empty
       }
     format =
       element format {
         attribute target { text }?,
         attribute type { text },
         attribute octets { text }?,
         empty
       }
     annotation =
   -   element annotation { (text | xref | eref | iref | cref |
   - spanx)* }
   +   element annotation {
   +     (text
   +      | bcp14
   +      | cref



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   +      | em
   +      | eref
   +      | iref
   +      | relref
   +      | spanx
   +      | strong
   +      | sub
   +      | sup
   +      | tt
   +      | xref)*
   +   }
   + refcontent =
   +   element refcontent {
   +     (text | bcp14 | em | strong | sub | sup | tt)*
   +   }
     start = rfc


Index

   A
      abbrev attribute
         in organization element  40
         in title element  69
      abstract element  11, 97
         anchor attribute  11
         inside front  33
      address element  11, 97
         inside author  17
      align attribute
         in artwork element  14
         in figure element  31
         in td element  66
         in texttable element  79
         in th element  68
         in ttcol element  81
      alt attribute
         in artwork element  14
         in figure element  31
      anchor attribute
         in abstract element  11
         in artwork element  14
         in aside element  17
         in blockquote element  20
         in cref element  22
         in dd element  25
         in dl element  26
         in dt element  28



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         in figure element  31
         in li element  35
         in ol element  38
         in reference element  43
         in referencegroup element  44
         in references element  45
         in section element  54
         in sourcecode element  58
         in t element  63
         in table element  64
         in tbody element  64
         in td element  66
         in texttable element  80
         in tfoot element  67
         in th element  68
         in thead element  69
         in tr element  70
         in ul element  71
      annotation element  11, 97
         inside reference  43
      anything element  97
      application/rfc+xml Media Type  82
      area element  12, 97
         inside front  32
      artwork element  13, 97
         align attribute  14
         alt attribute  14
         anchor attribute  14
         height attribute  15
         inside aside  16
         inside blockquote  19
         inside dd  24
         inside figure  31
         inside li  34
         inside section  53
         inside td  65
         inside th  67
         name attribute  15
         src attribute  15
         type attribute  15
         width attribute  16
         xml:space attribute  16
      ascii attribute
         in city element  21
         in code element  21
         in country element  22
         in email element  29
         in organization element  40



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         in postalLine element  42
         in region element  45
         in street element  59
         in title element  69
      asciiFullname attribute
         in author element  17
      asciiInitials attribute
         in author element  17
      asciiName attribute
         in seriesInfo element  55
      asciiSurname attribute
         in author element  17
      asciiValue attribute
         in seriesInfo element  56
      aside element  16, 97
         anchor attribute  17
         inside section  53
      Attributes
         abbrev  40, 69
         align  14, 31, 66, 68, 79, 81
         alt  14, 31
         anchor  11, 14, 17, 20, 22, 25-26, 28, 31, 35, 38, 43-45, 54,
            58, 63-64, 66-71, 80
         ascii  21-22, 29, 40, 42, 45, 59, 69
         asciiFullname  17
         asciiInitials  17
         asciiName  55
         asciiSurname  17
         asciiValue  56
         blankLines  81
         border  66, 68, 70
         category  49
         cite  20
         colspan  66, 69
         consensus  49
         counter  77
         day  24
         display  23
         displayFormat  46
         docName  50
         empty  71
         format  73
         fullname  18
         group  38
         hangIndent  77
         hanging  27
         hangText  63
         height  15, 31



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         href  36
         indexInclude  50
         initials  18
         ipr  50
         iprExtract  51
         item  33
         keepWithNext  63
         keepWithPrevious  63
         month  24
         name  15, 56, 58
         number  51
         numbered  54
         obsoletes  51
         octets  76
         pageno  74
         prepTime  51
         primary  34
         quotedFrom  20
         quoteTitle  43
         rel  36
         relative  48
         removeInRFC  38, 54
         role  18
         rowspan  66, 69
         section  48
         seriesNo  51
         sortRefs  51
         source  23
         spacing  27, 39, 72
         src  15, 31, 58
         start  39
         style  77, 79-80
         subitem  34
         submissionType  52
         suppress-title  32, 80
         surname  18
         symRefs  52
         target  26, 30, 43, 49, 74, 76
         title  32, 38, 45, 54, 80
         to  26
         toc  55
         tocDepth  52
         tocInclude  52
         type  15, 39, 58, 76
         updates  53
         value  56
         version  53
         width  16, 32, 81



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         xml:space  16, 79
         year  24
      author element  17, 97
         asciiFullname attribute  17
         asciiInitials attribute  17
         asciiSurname attribute  17
         fullname attribute  18
         initials attribute  18
         inside front  32
         role attribute  18
         surname attribute  18

   B
      back element  18, 97
         inside rfc  49
      bcp14 element  18, 97
         inside annotation  12
         inside blockquote  20
         inside c  75
         inside dd  25
         inside dt  27
         inside em  28
         inside li  35
         inside postamble  77
         inside preamble  78
         inside refcontent  42
         inside strong  60
         inside sub  61
         inside sup  61
         inside t  62
         inside td  65
         inside th  67
         inside tt  70
      blankLines attribute
         in vspace element  81
      blockquote element  19, 97
         anchor attribute  20
         cite attribute  20
         inside section  53
         quotedFrom attribute  20
      boilerplate element  20, 97
         inside front  33
      border attribute
         in td element  66
         in th element  68
         in tr element  70
      br element  21, 97
         inside td  65



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         inside th  67

   C
      c element  75, 97
         inside texttable  79
      category attribute
         in rfc element  49
      cite attribute
         in blockquote element  20
      city element  21, 97
         ascii attribute  21
         inside postal  41
      code element  21, 97
         ascii attribute  21
         inside postal  41
      colspan attribute
         in td element  66
         in th element  69
      consensus attribute
         in rfc element  49
      counter attribute
         in list element  77
      country element  21, 97
         ascii attribute  22
         inside postal  41
      cref element  22, 97
         anchor attribute  22
         display attribute  23
         inside annotation  12
         inside blockquote  20
         inside c  75
         inside dd  25
         inside dt  27
         inside em  28
         inside li  35
         inside name  37
         inside postamble  77
         inside preamble  78
         inside strong  60
         inside sub  61
         inside sup  61
         inside t  62
         inside td  65
         inside th  67
         inside tt  71
         inside ttcol  80
         source attribute  23




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   D
      date element  23, 97
         day attribute  24
         inside front  32
         month attribute  24
         year attribute  24
      day attribute
         in date element  24
      dd element  24, 97
         anchor attribute  25
         inside dl  26
      display attribute
         in cref element  23
      displayFormat attribute
         in relref element  46
      displayreference element  25, 97
         inside back  18
         target attribute  26
         to attribute  26
      dl element  26, 97
         anchor attribute  26
         hanging attribute  27
         inside abstract  11
         inside aside  16
         inside blockquote  19
         inside dd  24
         inside li  34
         inside note  38
         inside section  53
         inside td  65
         inside th  67
         spacing attribute  27
      docName attribute
         in rfc element  50
      dt element  27, 97
         anchor attribute  28
         inside dl  26

   E
      Elements
         abstract  11, 33
         address  11, 17
         annotation  11, 43
         area  12, 32
         artwork  13, 16, 19, 24, 31, 34, 53, 65, 67
         aside  16, 53
         author  17, 32
         back  18, 49



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         bcp14  12, 18, 20, 25, 27-28, 35, 42, 60-62, 65, 67, 70, 75,
            77-78
         blockquote  19, 53
         boilerplate  20, 33
         br  21, 65, 67
         c  75, 79
         city  21, 41
         code  21, 41
         country  21, 41
         cref  12, 20, 22, 25, 27-28, 35, 37, 60-62, 65, 67, 71, 75,
            77-78, 80
         date  23, 32
         dd  24, 26
         displayreference  18, 25
         dl  11, 16, 19, 24, 26, 34, 38, 53, 65, 67
         dt  26-27
         em  12, 20, 22, 25, 27-28, 35, 42, 60-62, 65, 67, 71, 75, 77-78
         email  11, 29
         eref  12, 20, 22, 25, 27-29, 35, 37, 60-62, 65, 68, 71, 75,
            77-78, 80
         facsimile  11, 76
         figure  16, 19, 24, 30, 35, 53, 65, 68
         format  43, 76
         front  32, 43, 49
         iref  12, 16, 20, 25, 27-28, 31, 33, 35, 53, 60-62, 64-65, 68,
            71, 75, 77-78, 80
         keyword  33-34
         li  34, 38, 71
         link  36, 49
         list  16, 62, 76
         middle  36, 49
         name  31, 37, 44, 53, 64, 79
         note  33, 37
         ol  11, 16, 19, 24, 35, 38, 53, 65, 68
         organization  17, 40
         phone  11, 40
         postal  11, 41
         postalLine  41
         postamble  31, 77, 79
         preamble  31, 78-79
         refcontent  42-43
         reference  43-45
         referencegroup  44-45
         references  18, 44
         region  41, 45
         relref  12, 20, 22, 25, 28, 35, 37, 45, 60-62, 65, 68, 71
         rfc  49
         section  18, 21, 37, 53-54



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         seriesInfo  33, 43, 55
         sourcecode  19, 24, 31, 35, 54, 57, 65, 68
         spanx  12, 62, 75, 77-78
         street  41, 59
         strong  12, 20, 22, 25, 28-29, 35, 42, 59, 61-62, 65, 68, 71,
            75, 77-78
         sub  12, 20, 22, 25, 28-29, 35, 42, 60, 62, 65, 68, 71, 75,
            77-78
         sup  12, 20, 22, 25, 28-29, 35, 42, 60-62, 66, 68, 71, 75,
            77-78
         svg  14, 75
         t  11, 16, 19, 25, 35, 38, 54, 62, 65, 67, 76
         table  16, 54, 64
         tbody  64
         td  65, 70
         texttable  54, 79
         tfoot  64, 67
         th  67, 70
         thead  64, 69
         title  32, 69
         tr  64, 67, 69-70
         tt  12, 20, 22, 25, 28-29, 35, 37, 42, 60-63, 66, 68, 70, 75,
            77-78
         ttcol  79-80
         ul  11, 16, 19, 25, 35, 38, 54, 66, 68, 71
         uri  11, 72
         vspace  63, 81
         workgroup  33, 72
         xref  12, 20, 22, 25, 28-29, 35, 37, 60-63, 66, 68, 71-72, 76,
            78, 80
      em element  28, 97
         inside annotation  12
         inside blockquote  20
         inside c  75
         inside cref  22
         inside dd  25
         inside dt  27
         inside li  35
         inside postamble  77
         inside preamble  78
         inside refcontent  42
         inside strong  60
         inside sub  61
         inside sup  61
         inside t  62
         inside td  65
         inside th  67
         inside tt  71



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      email element  29, 97
         ascii attribute  29
         inside address  11
      empty attribute
         in ul element  71
      eref element  29, 97
         inside annotation  12
         inside blockquote  20
         inside c  75
         inside cref  22
         inside dd  25
         inside dt  27
         inside em  28
         inside li  35
         inside name  37
         inside postamble  77
         inside preamble  78
         inside strong  60
         inside sub  61
         inside sup  61
         inside t  62
         inside td  65
         inside th  68
         inside tt  71
         inside ttcol  80
         target attribute  30

   F
      facsimile element  76, 97
         inside address  11
      figure element  30, 97
         align attribute  31
         alt attribute  31
         anchor attribute  31
         height attribute  31
         inside aside  16
         inside blockquote  19
         inside dd  24
         inside li  35
         inside section  53
         inside td  65
         inside th  68
         src attribute  31
         suppress-title attribute  32
         title attribute  32
         width attribute  32
      format attribute
         in xref element  73



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      format element  76, 97
         inside reference  43
         octets attribute  76
         target attribute  76
         type attribute  76
      front element  32, 97
         inside reference  43
         inside rfc  49
      fullname attribute
         in author element  18

   G
      group attribute
         in ol element  38

   H
      hangIndent attribute
         in list element  77
      hanging attribute
         in dl element  27
      hangText attribute
         in t element  63
      height attribute
         in artwork element  15
         in figure element  31
      href attribute
         in link element  36

   I
      indexInclude attribute
         in rfc element  50
      initials attribute
         in author element  18
      ipr attribute
         '*2026'  90
         '*3667'  90
         '*3978'  90
         '*trust200811'  90
         '*trust200902'  88
         'noDerivativesTrust200902'  89
         'noModificationTrust200902'  89
         'pre5378Trust200902'  89
         'trust200902'  88
         in rfc element  50
      iprExtract attribute
         in rfc element  51
      iref element  33, 97
         inside annotation  12



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         inside aside  16
         inside blockquote  20
         inside c  75
         inside dd  25
         inside dt  27
         inside em  28
         inside figure  31
         inside li  35
         inside postamble  77
         inside preamble  78
         inside section  53
         inside strong  60
         inside sub  61
         inside sup  62
         inside t  62
         inside table  64
         inside td  65
         inside th  68
         inside tt  71
         inside ttcol  80
         item attribute  33
         primary attribute  34
         subitem attribute  34
      item attribute
         in iref element  33

   K
      keepWithNext attribute
         in t element  63
      keepWithPrevious attribute
         in t element  63
      keyword element  34, 97
         inside front  33

   L
      li element  34, 97
         anchor attribute  35
         inside ol  38
         inside ul  71
      link element  36, 97
         href attribute  36
         inside rfc  49
         rel attribute  36
      list element  76, 97
         counter attribute  77
         hangIndent attribute  77
         inside aside  16
         inside t  62



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         style attribute  77

   M
      Media Type
         application/rfc+xml  82
      middle element  36, 97
         inside rfc  49
      month attribute
         in date element  24

   N
      name attribute
         in artwork element  15
         in seriesInfo element  56
         in sourcecode element  58
      name element  37, 97
         inside figure  31
         inside note  37
         inside references  44
         inside section  53
         inside table  64
         inside texttable  79
      note element  37, 97
         inside front  33
         removeInRFC attribute  38
         title attribute  38
      number attribute
         in rfc element  51
      numbered attribute
         in section element  54

   O
      obsoletes attribute
         in rfc element  51
      octets attribute
         in format element  76
      ol element  38, 97
         anchor attribute  38
         group attribute  38
         inside abstract  11
         inside aside  16
         inside blockquote  19
         inside dd  24
         inside li  35
         inside note  38
         inside section  53
         inside td  65
         inside th  68



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         spacing attribute  39
         start attribute  39
         type attribute  39
      organization element  40, 97
         abbrev attribute  40
         ascii attribute  40
         inside author  17

   P
      pageno attribute
         in xref element  74
      phone element  40, 97
         inside address  11
      postal element  41, 97
         inside address  11
      postalLine element  41, 97
         ascii attribute  42
         inside postal  41
      postamble element  77, 97
         inside figure  31
         inside texttable  79
      preamble element  78, 97
         inside figure  31
         inside texttable  79
      prepTime attribute
         in rfc element  51
      primary attribute
         in iref element  34

   Q
      quotedFrom attribute
         in blockquote element  20
      quoteTitle attribute
         in reference element  43

   R
      refcontent element  42, 97
         inside reference  43
      reference element  43, 97
         anchor attribute  43
         inside referencegroup  44
         inside references  45
         quoteTitle attribute  43
         target attribute  43
      referencegroup element  44, 97
         anchor attribute  44
         inside references  45
      references element  44, 97



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         anchor attribute  45
         inside back  18
         title attribute  45
      region element  45, 97
         ascii attribute  45
         inside postal  41
      rel attribute
         in link element  36
      relative attribute
         in relref element  48
      relref element  45, 97
         displayFormat attribute  46
         inside annotation  12
         inside blockquote  20
         inside cref  22
         inside dd  25
         inside dt  28
         inside em  28
         inside li  35
         inside name  37
         inside strong  60
         inside sub  61
         inside sup  62
         inside t  62
         inside td  65
         inside th  68
         inside tt  71
         relative attribute  48
         section attribute  48
         target attribute  49
      removeInRFC attribute
         in note element  38
         in section element  54
      rfc element  49, 97
         category attribute  49
         consensus attribute  49
         docName attribute  50
         indexInclude attribute  50
         ipr attribute  50
         iprExtract attribute  51
         number attribute  51
         obsoletes attribute  51
         prepTime attribute  51
         seriesNo attribute  51
         sortRefs attribute  51
         submissionType attribute  52
         symRefs attribute  52
         tocDepth attribute  52



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         tocInclude attribute  52
         updates attribute  53
         version attribute  53
      role attribute
         in author element  18
      rowspan attribute
         in td element  66
         in th element  69

   S
      section attribute
         in relref element  48
      section element  53, 97
         anchor attribute  54
         inside back  18
         inside boilerplate  21
         inside middle  37
         inside section  54
         numbered attribute  54
         removeInRFC attribute  54
         title attribute  54
         toc attribute  55
      seriesInfo element  55, 97
         asciiName attribute  55
         asciiValue attribute  56
         inside front  33
         inside reference  43
         name attribute  56
         value attribute  56
      seriesNo attribute
         in rfc element  51
      sortRefs attribute
         in rfc element  51
      source attribute
         in cref element  23
      sourcecode element  57, 97
         anchor attribute  58
         inside blockquote  19
         inside dd  24
         inside figure  31
         inside li  35
         inside section  54
         inside td  65
         inside th  68
         name attribute  58
         src attribute  58
         type attribute  58
      spacing attribute



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         in dl element  27
         in ol element  39
         in ul element  72
      spanx element  78, 97
         inside annotation  12
         inside c  75
         inside postamble  77
         inside preamble  78
         inside t  62
         style attribute  79
         xml:space attribute  79
      src attribute
         in artwork element  15
         in figure element  31
         in sourcecode element  58
      start attribute
         in ol element  39
      street element  59, 97
         ascii attribute  59
         inside postal  41
      strong element  59, 97
         inside annotation  12
         inside blockquote  20
         inside c  75
         inside cref  22
         inside dd  25
         inside dt  28
         inside em  29
         inside li  35
         inside postamble  77
         inside preamble  78
         inside refcontent  42
         inside sub  61
         inside sup  62
         inside t  62
         inside td  65
         inside th  68
         inside tt  71
      style attribute
         in list element  77
         in spanx element  79
         in texttable element  80
      sub element  60, 97
         inside annotation  12
         inside blockquote  20
         inside c  75
         inside cref  22
         inside dd  25



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         inside dt  28
         inside em  29
         inside li  35
         inside postamble  77
         inside preamble  78
         inside refcontent  42
         inside strong  60
         inside t  62
         inside td  65
         inside th  68
         inside tt  71
      subitem attribute
         in iref element  34
      submissionType attribute
         in rfc element  52
      sup element  61, 97
         inside annotation  12
         inside blockquote  20
         inside c  75
         inside cref  22
         inside dd  25
         inside dt  28
         inside em  29
         inside li  35
         inside postamble  77
         inside preamble  78
         inside refcontent  42
         inside strong  60
         inside t  62
         inside td  66
         inside th  68
         inside tt  71
      suppress-title attribute
         in figure element  32
         in texttable element  80
      surname attribute
         in author element  18
      svg element  75, 97
         inside artwork  14
      symRefs attribute
         in rfc element  52

   T
      t element  62, 97
         anchor attribute  63
         hangText attribute  63
         inside abstract  11
         inside aside  16



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         inside blockquote  19
         inside dd  25
         inside li  35
         inside list  76
         inside note  38
         inside section  54
         inside td  65
         inside th  67
         keepWithNext attribute  63
         keepWithPrevious attribute  63
      table element  64, 97
         anchor attribute  64
         inside aside  16
         inside section  54
      target attribute
         in displayreference element  26
         in eref element  30
         in format element  76
         in reference element  43
         in relref element  49
         in xref element  74
      tbody element  64, 97
         anchor attribute  64
         inside table  64
      td element  65, 97
         align attribute  66
         anchor attribute  66
         border attribute  66
         colspan attribute  66
         inside tr  70
         rowspan attribute  66
      texttable element  79, 97
         align attribute  79
         anchor attribute  80
         inside section  54
         style attribute  80
         suppress-title attribute  80
         title attribute  80
      tfoot element  67, 97
         anchor attribute  67
         inside table  64
      th element  67, 97
         align attribute  68
         anchor attribute  68
         border attribute  68
         colspan attribute  69
         inside tr  70
         rowspan attribute  69



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      thead element  69, 97
         anchor attribute  69
         inside table  64
      title attribute
         in figure element  32
         in note element  38
         in references element  45
         in section element  54
         in texttable element  80
      title element  69, 97
         abbrev attribute  69
         ascii attribute  69
         inside front  32
      to attribute
         in displayreference element  26
      toc attribute
         in section element  55
      tocDepth attribute
         in rfc element  52
      tocInclude attribute
         in rfc element  52
      tr element  70, 97
         anchor attribute  70
         border attribute  70
         inside tbody  64
         inside tfoot  67
         inside thead  69
      tt element  70, 97
         inside annotation  12
         inside blockquote  20
         inside c  75
         inside cref  22
         inside dd  25
         inside dt  28
         inside em  29
         inside li  35
         inside name  37
         inside postamble  77
         inside preamble  78
         inside refcontent  42
         inside strong  60
         inside sub  61
         inside sup  62
         inside t  63
         inside td  66
         inside th  68
      ttcol element  80, 97
         align attribute  81



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         inside texttable  79
         width attribute  81
      type attribute
         in artwork element  15
         in format element  76
         in ol element  39
         in sourcecode element  58

   U
      ul element  71, 97
         anchor attribute  71
         empty attribute  71
         inside abstract  11
         inside aside  16
         inside blockquote  19
         inside dd  25
         inside li  35
         inside note  38
         inside section  54
         inside td  66
         inside th  68
         spacing attribute  72
      updates attribute
         in rfc element  53
      uri element  72, 97
         inside address  11

   V
      value attribute
         in seriesInfo element  56
      version attribute
         in rfc element  53
      vspace element  81, 97
         blankLines attribute  81
         inside t  63

   W
      width attribute
         in artwork element  16
         in figure element  32
         in ttcol element  81
      workgroup element  72, 97
         inside front  33

   X
      xml:space attribute
         in artwork element  16
         in spanx element  79



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Internet-Draft     The 'XML2RFC' version 3 Vocabulary          July 2015


      xref element  72, 97
         format attribute  73
         inside annotation  12
         inside blockquote  20
         inside c  76
         inside cref  22
         inside dd  25
         inside dt  28
         inside em  29
         inside li  35
         inside name  37
         inside postamble  78
         inside preamble  78
         inside strong  60
         inside sub  61
         inside sup  62
         inside t  63
         inside td  66
         inside th  68
         inside tt  71
         inside ttcol  80
         pageno attribute  74
         target attribute  74
      xref formats
         counter  73
         default  73
         none  74
         title  74

   Y
      year attribute
         in date element  24

Author's Address

   Paul Hoffman
   ICANN

   EMail: paul.hoffman@icann.org












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