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Versions: 00 01

Network Working Group                                       P. Hunt, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                                    Oracle
Intended status: Standards Track                            M. Scurtescu
Expires: April 2, 2017                                            Google
                                                               M. Ansari
                                                                   Cisco
                                                      September 29, 2016


       SET Token Distribution and Subscription Management Profile
                   draft-hunt-idevent-distribution-01

Abstract

   The specification defines how a subscriber to a feed of security
   events (SETs) may query for, subscribe and receive SETs from a
   security event feed.  The specification defines a single mandatory-
   to-implement method using HTTP Post to deliver events to registered
   subscribers and a registry for new methods.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on April 2, 2017.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must



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   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction and Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
     1.1.  Notational Conventions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     1.2.  Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   2.  Event Notification Process  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   3.  Event Feeds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.1.  Feed Types  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.2.  Feed Metadata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     3.3.  SCIM Feed Management  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   4.  Subscriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     4.1.  Subscription Metadata . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     4.2.  Subscription State Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     4.3.  SCIM Subscription Management  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       4.3.1.  SCIM Subscription Resource Type . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       4.3.2.  New Subscription Requests . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
       4.3.3.  Updating Subscriptions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
     4.4.  Subscription Verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
       4.4.1.  Verifying Subscriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
   5.  Event Delivery  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
     5.1.  Introduction to Event Delivery Methods  . . . . . . . . .  20
     5.2.  Delivery Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
     5.3.  HTTP Web Callback Method  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
       5.3.1.  Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
       5.3.2.  Delivery Message Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23
       5.3.3.  Subscription Verification . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23
       5.3.4.  Delivery Procedure  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  25
   6.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
   7.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
     7.1.  Event Notification Mechanism Registry . . . . . . . . . .  27
     7.2.  SCIM Schema Registration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
   8.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
     8.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
     8.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
   Appendix A.  Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
   Appendix B.  Acknowledgments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
   Appendix C.  Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29

1.  Introduction and Overview

   This specification defines a method by which SETs (see
   [I-D.hunt-idevent-token]) can be delivered by publishers to feed
   subscribers using HTTP POST [RFC7231] as well as an extension



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   registry enabling other methods of delivery.  This specification also
   defines how subscribers MAY query for available Feeds, and manage
   event Subscriptions using SCIM [RFC7644].

   The following diagram shows a typical SET Feed Provider and the
   services provided to Subscribers.  Arrow heads point to the service
   provider (the direction of an HTTP request):

           +------------+                        +-------------+
           |            |Feeds Catalog           |             |
           |            <------------------------+             |
           |   SCIM     |                        |    SET      |
           |   Feed     |Subscription Request    |    Feed     |
           |   Mgmt     <------------------------+  Subscriber |
           |            |                        |             |
           |            |Subscription Mgmt       |             |
           |            <------------------------+             |
           |            |                        |             |
           +------------+                        |             |
           +------------+                        |             |
           |            |                        |             |
           |   FEED     |SET Delivery            |             |
           |            +------------------------>             |
           |  Provider  |                        |             |
           |            |                        |             |
           +------------+                        +-------------+

              Figure 1: Subscription Management and Delivery

   A SET Feed Provider MAY be directly integrated into a source service
   that generates events, or it may be a separate service entity that
   off-loads event distribution from the event generator to act as its
   delegated publisher.  For the purposes of this specification, while
   SET distribution may be handled separately, this specification will
   consider the method for how event generators send events to
   publishers as out-of-scope.

   The specification uses SCIM protocol [RFC7644] to advertise available
   Feeds and to enable Subscribers to request, subscriber to, and manage
   Subscriptions.

   The specification defines a registry by which multiple SET delivery
   methods can be registered.  The specification includes a web callback
   method which uses HTTP POST [RFC7231] to deliver SETs to Subscribers.







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1.1.  Notational Conventions

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119] . These
   keywords are capitalized when used to unambiguously specify
   requirements of the protocol or application features and behavior
   that affect the inter-operability and security of implementations.
   When these words are not capitalized, they are meant in their
   natural-language sense.

   For purposes of readability examples are not URL encoded.
   Implementers MUST percent encode URLs as described in Section 2.1 of
   [RFC3986] .

   Throughout this documents all figures MAY contain spaces and extra
   line-wrapping for readability and space limitations.  Similarly, some
   URI's contained within examples, have been shortened for space and
   readability reasons.

1.2.  Definitions

   This specification assumes terminology defined in the Security Event
   Token specification[I-D.hunt-idevent-token].

   The following definitions are specific to Identity Event publishing:

   Feed Provider
      The Feed Provider publishes SETs to be distributed to registered
      subscribers.

   Feed
      A Feed is a URI that describes the set of resources and events
      under which events may be issued.  An interested subscriber
      registers with the feed provider to subscribe to an event URI to
      receive SETs associated with a Feed.  An individual Feed MAY have
      zero or more Subscriptions.

   Subscription
      A Subscription contains the information needed by a Feed Provider
      (e.g. delivery endpoints, credentials) to deliver a Feed of SETs
      to an individual Subscriber.  A Subscription has ONE Feed.

   Notification Mechanism
      A URI that describes the chosen event notification mechanism.
      When subscribing to a feed, a client may choose a specific
      mechanism by which it wishes to receive notification events.




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   Subscriber
      A Subscriber is an party or security entity registers in the form
      of a Subscription to receive SETs from a feed provider that are
      part of a Feed.

2.  Event Notification Process

   When a Security Event occurs, the Feed Provider constructs a SET
   token [I-D.hunt-idevent-token] that describes the event.  The feed
   provider determines the feeds that the event should be distributed
   to, and determines which Subscribers need to be notified.

   How Feeds are defined and the process by which events are identified
   for subscribers is out-of-scope of this specification.

   When a SET is available for a subscriber, the Feed Provider attempts
   to deliver the SET based on the Subscriber's registered delivery
   mechanism:

   o  The subscriber provided a web-callback endpoint, the publisher
      uses an HTTP/1.1 POST to the endpoint to deliver the event to the
      registered subscriber;

   o  Or, the Feed Provider delivers the event through a different
      method not defined by this specification.

   After a SET is delivered to all subscribers, Feed Providers do not
   typically maintain SETs or histories.  As such, published SETs SHOULD
   be self-validating (e.g. signed).

   If delivery to any particular subscriber has been delayed for an
   extended period of time, the Feed Provider MAY suspend the
   subscription and even stop maintaining outstanding SETs for the
   Subscriber at its discretion and available resources.  See
   subscription "state" in Section 4.1.

   Upon receiving a SET, the Subscriber reads the token and validates
   it.  Based on the content of the token, the subscriber decides what
   if any action it needs to take in response to the SET.  For example,
   in response to a SCIM event [idevent-scim] indicating a changed
   resource, the subscriber might perform a SCIM GET request (see
   Section 3.4 [RFC7644]) to the affected resource URI in order to
   confidentially obtain the current state of the affected SCIM
   resource.

   The action a Subscriber takes in response to a SET MAY be
   substantially different than merely copying the action of the
   publisher.  A single SET MAY trigger multiple receiver actions.  For



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   example, upon receiving notification that a user resource has been
   added to a group, the Subscriber may first determine that the user
   does not exist in the Subscriber's domain.  The Subscriber translates
   the event into two actions:

   1.  Retrieve the user (e.g. using SCIM GET) and then provisions the
       user locally.  After enabling the user,

   2.  The Subscriber then enables the user for the application
       associated with membership in the Feed Publisher's group.

3.  Event Feeds

   An Feed is defined by a "feedUri".  The Feed provides a stream of
   SETs to be delivered to registered Subscribers based on a
   Subscription.  An individual Subscription contains the metadata about
   a particular Subscriber regarding their subscription to a particular
   "feedUri".  Subscription metadata indicates the current subscription
   state indicating whether all events are delivered, pending, or
   whether delivery has failed.  Subscription metadata also describes
   the method of event delivery, and any associated security and
   configuration information (see Section 4.1 ).

3.1.  Feed Types

   A Feed Provider MAY define Feeds based on a number of criteria.  This
   specification does not specify or limit the basis for which a service
   provider defines the resources or entities contained in a Feed or how
   feed URIs should be specified.  Some possible methods for defining
   entities covered by a Feed include:

   By Resource or Subject
      A resource or subject might have its own associated event
      notification Feed.  For example, a User's mobile application may
      require notification of changes or rights defined in a SCIM User
      resource associated with the mobile user.

   By Endpoint
      A Feed might be defined by an endpoint where any event relating to
      a resource within an endpoint is delivered to a subscriber.  This
      type of feed is likely to have many notifications as the number of
      resources in an endpoint grows (e.g. a SCIM "/Users") and SHOULD
      be used with caution.  Typically only privileged partners would be
      allowed to use this type of feed.  For example, an enterprise
      wishes to be notified of all change events to any of its users
      assuming all users within the endpoint are related to the
      subscribing enterprise.




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   By Filter
      A Feed might define a collection of resources based on a filter
      that describes a set of matching criteria a resource may be
      included in a Feed.  Note that this type of Feed may require extra
      processing by the Feed Provider to determine if any particular SET
      event matches the filter criteria.  It may also be difficult for
      the Feed Provider to notify Subscribers of additions and deletions
      of resources to the Feed as the resources in the Feed MAY change
      based on the filter itself.

   By Group
      All entities or resources within some specified group.  For
      example, all resources within a SCIM Group could be used to define
      the resources for which SETs will be issued within a particular
      Feed.

   The list above is intended to show common use cases for defining
   Feeds.  How Feeds are defined is out-of-scope of this specification.

3.2.  Feed Metadata

   Feed metadata consists of the following singular attributes:

   feedName
      A required string value containing a name for the feed.  May be
      used in administrative user interfaces to assist subscribers in
      Feed selection.  The value MUST be unique within a given
      administrative domain.  This is a REQUIRED attribute.

   feedUri
      An attribute of type "String" that is a unique URI identifying the
      feed.  This attribute characteristic "mutability" is "immutable"
      and SHALL NOT change once assigned.  The value of this attribute
      MAY be the SCIM URI for the Feed resource (e.g.
      "https://scim.example.com/Feeds/88bc00de").  This is a REQUIRED
      attribute.

   description
      A "String" attribute that describes the purpose of the feed in
      human readable form.  This is an OPTIONAL attribute.

   events
      An attribute whose value is a JSON object consisting of multi-
      valued JSON attributes where each attribute is the name of a
      primary event URI and each value represents an event extension to
      the primary event.  An empty array SHALL indicate there are no
      extensions.  When set, Feeds SHALL only provide the primary events




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      defined.  However, a Feed Provider MAY provide additional
      extensions that are not declared.  This is an OPTIONAL attribute.

      The following is a non-normative example events claim:

   "events":{
     "urn:ietf:params:scim:event:passwordReset":[
         "https://example.com/scim/event/passwordResetExt"],
     "https://specs.openid.net/logout":[]
   }

                    Figure 2: Example Events Attribute

      In the above example, the feed has two events defined.  The first
      is a hypothetical password reset, and the second is a hypothetical
      OpenID Connect logout.  The password reset event has one extension
      defined which is "https://example.com/scim/event/
      passwordResetExt".

   type
      An OPTIONAL String attribute that MAY have values such as:

      resource  Indicates that the Feed is for events related to a
         specific resource.  In such cases, the value of the attribute
         "filter" is set to a specific resource URI or "/Me" .

      endpoint  Indicates that the Feed is for all events that occur for
         resources within a specific endpoint.  In such cases, "filter"
         is set to an endpoint container for a group of resources (e.g.
         "/Users" ).

      filter  Indicates that events for a Feed will be selected based on
         events relating to the set of resources described by a filter.
         For example, the value of the attribute "filter" is a SCIM
         filter Section 3.4.2 [RFC7644] that describes a condition that
         selects a set of resources that match before or after a
         resource state change.

      group  Indicates that events for a Feed will be based on events
         relating to the set of resources listed in a group such as a
         SCIM GroupSection 4.2 [RFC7643].

      The attribute is typically used by the Feed Publisher to determine
      the meaning and content of the Feed "filter" attribute.

   filter
      An OPTIONAL String value containing a filter whose syntax is
      defined by a profiling specification (e.g.  SCIM) or the Feed



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      Publisher.  For example in SCIM, a filter MAY be a filter
      Section 3.4.2.2 [RFC7644]), a resource, or a SCIM endpoint URI
      depending on the value of "type".  And, if the SCIM Feed type is
      "resource", than the filter value is a URI for a SCIM resource.

   The following multi-valued attributes are defined:

   deliveryModes
      One or more URIs representing the methods of delivery supported by
      the Feed Publisher.  Values in this attribute correspond to the
      Subscription "methodUri" attribute (see Section 4.1).

3.3.  SCIM Feed Management

   When Feeds are managed within a SCIM service provider [RFC7644], Feed
   resources use schema defined in Section 3.2 and use a schema value of
   "urn:ietf:params:scim:schemas:event:2.0:Feed".  The SCIM
   "ResourceType" definition defines the location of the SCIM service
   provider endpoint for "Feed" resources.

   The Feed "ResourceType" definition is typically defined as follows:

   {
     "schemas": ["urn:ietf:params:scim:schemas:core:2.0:ResourceType"],
     "id": "Feed",
     "name": "Feed",
     "endpoint": "/Feeds",
     "description": "Event Feeds",
     "schema": "urn:ietf:params:scim:schemas:event:2.0:Feed",
     "schemaExtensions": []
   }

                Figure 3: SCIM Feed ResourceType Definition

   To retrieve information about a "Feed" or a number of feeds,
   subscribers or management clients MAY query the "/Feeds" endpoint as
   defined in Section 3.4 [RFC7644].

   The example below retrieves a specific Feed resource whose "id" is
   "548b7c3f77c8bab33a4fef40".

   GET /Feeds/88bc00de776d49d5b535ede882d98f74
   Host: example.com
   Accept: application/scim+json
   Authorization: Bearer h480djs93hd8

                    Figure 4: Example Feed GET Request




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   The response below shows an example Feed resource that describes an
   available feed.

   HTTP/1.1 200 OK
   Content-Type: application/scim+json
   Location:
    https://example.com/v2/Feeds/88bc00de776d49d5b535ede882d98f74
   ETag: 9d1c124149f522472e7a511c85b3a31b

   {
     "schemas":["urn:ietf:params:scim:schemas:event:2.0:Feed"],
     "id":"88bc00de776d49d5b535ede882d98f74",
     "feedName":"OIDCLogoutFeed",
     "feedUri":"https://oidc.example.com/",
     "description":"Logout events from oidc.example.com",
     "type":"resource",
     "events":[
       "https://specs.openid.net/logout":[]
     ]
     "meta":{
        ... SCIM meta attributes ...
     }
   }

                    Figure 5: Example Feed GET Response

   In the above example (Figure 5) we can observe that the Feed has only
   one event type, "https://specs.openid.net/logout" and has no
   extensions defined for the event (see empty square brackets).  Note
   also, that no value for "filter" has been specified suggesting that
   the Feed will return events about all subjects of the publisher.

4.  Subscriptions

   A subscription represents an agreement to deliver SETs from a
   specified Feed URI from a Feed Provider to an individual Subscriber
   entity also known as the "audience".  The method of delivery and the
   parameters for delivery are specified a set of parameters called
   subscription metadata (see Section 4.1).

4.1.  Subscription Metadata

   A subscription is defined by the following metadata:

   feedUri
      A String value containing the URI for a feed supported by the feed
      provider.  It describes the content of the feed and MAY also be a




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      resolvable URI where the feed meta data may be returned as a JSON
      object.  REQUIRED.

   methodUri
      A REQUIRED single-valued string which is a URI with a prefix of
      "urn:ietf:params:set:method".  This specification defines HTTP
      POST delivery Section 5:
      "urn:ietf:params:set:method:HTTP:webCallback"
      in which the Feed Provider delivers events using HTTP POST to a
      specified callback URI.

   deliveryUri
      A URI that describes the location SETs are delivered.  Its format
      and usage requirements are defined by the associated "methodUri"
      specification.

   aud
      An OPTIONAL URI representing the audience of the subscription.
      The value SHALL be the value of "aud" when the subscriber receives
      SETs from the feed.

   feedJwk
      An OPTIONAL public JSON Web Key (see [RFC7517]) that will be used
      to sign published SETs.  If present, the Subscriber can
      authenticate SETs relayed from the Feed Provider.

   confidentialJwk
      An OPTIONAL Subscriber provided public JSON Web Key (see
      [RFC7517]) that MAY be used by the Feed Provider to encrypt SET
      tokens for the specified Subscriber.

   subStatus
      An OPTIONAL value that indicates the current status of a
      Subscription:

         "on" - indicates the Subscription has been verified and that
         the Feed Provider MAY pass SETs to the Subscriber.

         "verify" - indicates the Subscription is pending verification.
         While in "verify", published SETs SHALL NOT be stored or
         delivered to the Subscriber.  Once verified, the status returns
         to "on".

         "paused" - indicates the Feed Provider is temporarily
         suspending delivery to Subscriber.  While "paused", SETs SHOULD
         be retained and delivered when state returns to "on".
         Verification is NOT required when returning to "on".




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         "off" - indicates that the Subscription is no longer passing
         SETs.  While in off mode, the subscription metadata is
         maintained, but new events are ignored, not delivered or
         retained.  Before returning to "on", a verification MUST be
         performed.

         "fail" - indicates that the feed provider was unable to deliver
         SETs to the Subscriber for an extended period of time, or due
         to a call failure to the registered web call back URI.  Unlike
         paused status, a failed subscription no longer receives SETs,
         nor are they retained by the Feed Provider.  Before returning
         to "on", a verification MUST be performed.

   maxRetries
      An OPTIONAL number indicating the maximum number of attempts to
      deliver a SET.  A value of '0' indicates there is no maximum.
      Upon reaching the maximum, the Subscription "subStatus" attribute
      is set to "failed".

   maxDeliveryTime
      An OPTIONAL number indicating the maximum amount of time in
      seconds a SET MAY take for successful delivery.  Upon reaching the
      maximum, the subscription "subStatus" is set to "failed".  If
      undefined, there is no maximum time.

   minDeliveryInterval
      An OPTIONAL integer that represents the minimum interval in
      seconds between deliveries.  A value of '0' indicates delivery
      should happen immediately.  When delivery is a polling method
      (e.g.  HTTP GET), it is the expected time between subscriber
      attempts.  When in push mode (e.g.  HTTP POST), it is the interval
      the server will wait before sending a new event or events.

4.2.  Subscription State Model

   The Subscription attribute "subStatus" tracks the state of any
   particular subscription with regards to whether SETs are ready or
   able to be delivered.  The impact on delivery processing is described
   in Table 1.












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   The following is the state machine representation of a subscription
   on a Feed Publisher.  Note that a subscription cannot be made active
   until a verification process has been completed.  As such, a newly
   created subscription begins with state "verify".

                                  +
                                  |
                                Create
                                  v
       +------+              +----------+
       | fail +->Restart---->|  verify  |
       +------+              +----+-----+
           ^                      |
           |<----Confirm Fail<----+
           |                   Confirm
           |                      v
           |                 +----------+               +--------+
           |                 |          +--->Suspend--->|        |
           +------Timeout<---+    on    |               | paused |
                             |          |<--Resume<-----+        |
                             +-+--------+               +--------+
                               |      ^
                            Disable Enable
                               v      |
                             +--------+-+
                             |   off    |
                             +----------+

              Figure 6: Subscription States at Feed Publisher

   In the above diagram, the following actions impact the state of a
   Subscription. "subStatus" values are shown in the boxes, and change
   based on the following actions:

   Create
      A Subscriber or an administrator creates a new subscription using
      SCIM as described in Section 4.3.2.  The initial state is
      "verify".

   Confirm
      The Feed Publisher sends a verification SET to the Subscriber
      which confirms with the correct response as described in
      Section 4.4.  If it succeeds to deliver, the Feed Publisher mail
      retry or set state to "on".

   Confirm Fail





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      If the confirmation fails, the Feed Publisher sets the state to
      "fail" requiring administrative action to correct the issue and
      "Restart".

   Timeout
      A Feed Publisher having not being able to deliver a SET over one
      or more retries which has reached a limit of attempts
      ("maxRetries") or time ("maxDeliveryTime") MAY set the
      subscription state to "fail".  In general, the intention is to
      indicate the maximum number of retries or time a Feed Publisher is
      able to wait until SET event loss begins to occur resulting in the
      failed state.

   Restart
      An administrator having corrected the failed delivery condition
      modifies the Subscription state to "verify" (e.g. see
      Section 4.3.3).

   Suspend and Resume
      A Subscription MAY be suspended and resumed by updating the
      Subscription state to "paused" or "on".  For example, see see
      Section 4.3.3.  While suspended, the Feed Publisher MAY retain
      undelivered SETs for a period of time.  If the Feed Publisher is
      no longer able to retain SETs, the subscription state SHOULD be
      set to "off" to indicate SETs are being lost.

   Enable and Disable
      A subscription MAY be disabled and enabled by updating the
      Subscription state to "off" or "on".  For example, see see
      Section 4.3.3.  While the Subscription is disabled, all SETs that
      occur at the Feed Publisher are lost.

4.3.  SCIM Subscription Management

   A Feed Publisher MAY use SCIM to support management of subscriptions.
   Typically this involves support for the Subscription Resource Type,
   and the corresponding SCIM operations to create, update, retrieve
   Subscription Resources.  For SCIM service provider capability and
   schema discovery, see Section 4 [RFC7644].

4.3.1.  SCIM Subscription Resource Type

   When Subscriptions are managed within a SCIM service provider
   [RFC7644], Subscription resources use schema defined in Section 4.1
   and use a schema value of
   "urn:ietf:params:scim:schemas:event:2.0:Subscription".





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   The SCIM Subscription "ResourceType" definition is defined as
   follows:

   {
     "schemas": ["urn:ietf:params:scim:schemas:core:2.0:ResourceType"],
     "id": "Subscription",
     "name": "Subscription",
     "endpoint": "/Subscriptions",
     "description": "Subscribers to SET Feeds",
     "schema": "urn:ietf:params:scim:schemas:event:2.0:Subscription",
     "schemaExtensions": []
   }

            Figure 7: SCIM Subscription ResourceType Definition

   To retrieve information about one or more Subscriptions, Subscribers
   or management clients MAY query the "/Subscriptions" endpoint as
   defined in Section 3.4 [RFC7644].

   The example below retrieves a specific "Subscription" resource whose
   "id" is "548b7c3f77c8bab33a4fef40".

   GET /Subscriptions/767aad7853d240debc8e3c962051c1c0
   Host: example.com
   Accept: application/scim+json
   Authorization: Bearer h480djs93hd8

              Figure 8: Example SCIM Subscription GET Request























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   The response below shows an example Feed resource that describes an
   available feed.

  HTTP/1.1 200 OK
  Content-Type: application/scim+json
  Location:
   https://example.com/v2/Subscriptions/767aad7853d240debc8e3c962051c1c0

  {
    "schemas":["urn:ietf:params:scim:schemas:event:2.0:Subscription"],
    "id":"767aad7853d240debc8e3c962051c1c0",
    "feedName":"OIDCLogoutFeed",
    "feedUri":
      "https://example.com/v2/Feeds/88bc00de776d49d5b535ede882d98f74",
    "methodUri":"urn:ietf:params:set:method:HTTP:webCallback",
    "deliveryUri":"https://notify.examplerp.com/Events",
    "aud":"https://sets.myexamplerp.com",
    "subStatus":"pending",
    "maxDeliveryTime":3600,
    "minDeliveryInterval":0,
    "description":"Logout events from oidc.example.com",
    "meta":{
       ... SCIM meta attributes ...
    }
  }

                Figure 9: Example Subscription GET Response

   In the above example (Figure 9) observe that the subscription is for
   the SCIM "Feed" resource defined at "https://example.com/v2/
   Feeds/88bc00de776d49d5b535ede882d98f74".  The current subscription
   state is "pending" which suggest the Subscription Verification (see
   Section 4.4) process has not yet completed.  Since there is no value
   for "feedJwk", ) or "confidentialJwk", the SETs will be sent without
   signing or encryption (plain text).

4.3.2.  New Subscription Requests

   To subscribe to a feed, the subscriber of management client uses the
   SCIM Create operation as defined in Section 3.3 [RFC7644].  SCIM
   subscription management service providers MAY have additional schema
   requirements which MAY be discovered using SCIM service configuration
   and schema discovery, see Section 4 [RFC7644].








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   In the following non-normative example, a new Subscription resource
   is requested.  Note that the SCIM service provider automatically
   assigns the "id" attribute.

   POST /Subscriptions
   Host: example.com
   Accept: application/scim+json
   Content-Type: application/scim+json
   Authorization: Bearer h480djs93hd8

   {
     "schemas":["urn:ietf:params:scim:schemas:event:2.0:Subscription"],
     "feedName":"OIDCLogoutFeed",
     "feedUri":
       "https://example.com/v2/Feeds/88bc00de776d49d5b535ede882d98f74",
     "methodUri":"urn:ietf:params:set:method:HTTP:webCallback",
     "deliveryUri":"https://notify.examplerp.com/Events",
     "aud":"https://sets.myexamplerp.com",
     "maxDeliveryTime":3600,
     "minDeliveryInterval":0,
     "description":"Logout events from oidc.example.com"
   }

            Figure 10: Example New Subscription Request in SCIM



























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   In following non-normative response, the SCIM service provider has
   automatically assigned a resource location as well as an "id".
   Usually upon creation, the initial value of "subStatus" is "pending"
   indicating that the Subscription Verification (see Section 4.4) has
   not been completed.

  HTTP/1.1 201 Created
  Content-Type: application/scim+json
  Location:
   https://example.com/v2/Subscriptions/767aad7853d240debc8e3c962051c1c0

  {
    "schemas":["urn:ietf:params:scim:schemas:event:2.0:Subscription"],
    "id":"767aad7853d240debc8e3c962051c1c0",
    "feedName":"OIDCLogoutFeed",
    "feedUri":
      "https://example.com/v2/Feeds/88bc00de776d49d5b535ede882d98f74",
    "methodUri":"urn:ietf:params:set:method:HTTP:webCallback",
    "deliveryUri":"https://notify.examplerp.com/Events",
    "aud":"https://sets.myexamplerp.com",
    "subStatus":"pending",
    "maxDeliveryTime":3600,
    "minDeliveryInterval":0,
    "description":"Logout events from oidc.example.com",
    "meta":{
       ... SCIM meta attributes ...
    }
  }

            Figure 11: Example Response to Subscription Request

4.3.3.  Updating Subscriptions

   To modify a Subscription, a Subscriber or authorized management
   client MAY use the SCIM PUT operation (see Section 3.5.1 [RFC7644])
   and MAY use the SCIM PATCH operation (see Section 3.5.2 [RFC7644]) if
   supported by the SCIM Subscription server.














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   In the following non-normative example, the client is requesting that
   "subStatus" be changed to "paused" for the Subscription whose path is
   identified by the request URI path.

   PATCH /Subscriptions/767aad7853d240debc8e3c962051c1c0
   Host: example.com
   Accept: application/scim+json
   Content-Type: application/scim+json
   Authorization: Bearer h480djs93hd8

   {
     "schemas":
       ["urn:ietf:params:scim:api:messages:2.0:PatchOp"],
     "Operations": [{
       "op":"replace",
       "path":"subStatus",
       "value":"paused"
     }]
   }


                Figure 12: Example SCIM Subscription Update

4.4.  Subscription Verification

   In order to avoid ongoing communication issues and to minimize
   requirements for Feed Providers to maintain a series of SETs
   indefinitely, a verification process is used to confirm that the
   requested Subscription distribution endpoints are valid and that SETs
   may be successfully delivered.  When a Subscription is created or
   modified, or goes into a failed or off state, the Feed Provider SHALL
   set the Subscription state attribute "subStatus" to "verify" and send
   a Verify SET message to the subscriber.  If the SET is delivered
   successfully, the subscription state SHOULD be turned to "on".  If
   however verification fails due to a timeout or connection failure, or
   any other cause, the Subscription status SHALL be set to "fail".

4.4.1.  Verifying Subscriptions

   The verification process serves to verify that the identified
   Subscriber is willing to receive SETs and is correctly configured.
   In the case of push style subscriptions, where the publisher
   initiates the action to deliver a SET, Verification can also serve to
   prevent a Feed Publication server from flooding an endpoint which did
   not actually request a Subscription.






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   A Feed Provider MAY send a Verify SET at any time in order to
   reverify connectivity and to assure the subscriber the subscription
   is valid (e.g. as a keep alive technique).

   To confirm a subscription, the Feed Provider SHALL send a
   verification SET to the subscriber using the registered "methodUri"
   mechanism.  The Verify SET contains the following attributes:

   events  Set with a value of "[[this RFC URL]]#verify".

   iss  Set to the URI of the feed publisher (see
      [I-D.hunt-idevent-token]).

   aud  MUST be set to a value that matches the subscription "feedUri"
      requested.

   exp  A value that indicates the time the verification request will
      expire.  Once expired, the server will set the subscription state
      to "fail".

   In the SET payload area, a specific delivery method MAY include an
   attribute that can be used to confirm the subscriber has successfully
   received and parsed the SET (e.g. such as the inclusion of a
   challenge attribute, see Section 5.3.3).  If a confidential JWK was
   supplied, then the SET SHOULD be encrypted with the provided key.
   Successful parsing of the message confirms that provides confirmation
   of correct configuration and possession of keys.

   Note that the verification event URI ("[[this RFC URL]]#verify") type
   is not normally listed as part of the definition of a Feed as it is
   not part of the normal information flow of a Feed.  Any Feed MAY
   include a SET verification event whether listed or not in the Feed
   event metadata.

   Upon receiving the SET, the subscriber acknowledges receipt as
   defined by the method profile (for example, see Section 5.3.3).

   If the subscriber is unable to parse the verification SET, fails to
   return the correct challenge, or the SET is not delivered after a
   period of time.  The Feed Publisher will set "subStatus" to "failed".

5.  Event Delivery

5.1.  Introduction to Event Delivery Methods

   Each event delivery method SHOULD have the following information:

   Description



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      The "methodUri" URI value for the delivery method and a
      description of the method.

   Subscription Verification Procedure
      The procedure that the configuration for a subscription is
      confirmed causing the subscription status to be set to "on".

   Delivery Message Format
      A description of an event delivery message and how to locate the
      event token(s) as well as any additional error signalling.

   Delivery Procedure
      The protocol procedure for a delivery request (push or poll), and
      the expected successful response.

   Failure Conditions
      A description of the failure conditions that might occur and the
      impact on the subscriptions operational status ("subStatus") if
      any.

   This specification defines the first delivery method known as "HTTP
   Web Callback Method" which uses HTTP POST.

5.2.  Delivery Processing

   As mentioned in Section 4.1, the attribute "subStatus" defines the
   current state of a subscribers subscription.  Figure 6 shows a state
   diagram for Subscriptions.  The following describes that actions
   taken by the Feed Publisher based upon "subStatus".






















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   +--------+----------------------------------------------------------+
   | Status | Action                                                   |
   +--------+----------------------------------------------------------+
   | on     | Delivery SHALL be attempted based on the method defined  |
   |        | in the subscription attribute "methodUri".  If the SET   |
   |        | fails to deliver it MAY be retained for a retry delivery |
   |        | in a minimum of "minDeliveryInterval" seconds. If new    |
   |        | SETs arrive before the interval, the SETs MUST be held   |
   |        | for delivery in order of reception.  If this is a repeat |
   |        | attempt to deliver, the Feed Publisher MAY discard the   |
   |        | SET if "maxRetries" or "maxDeliveryTime" is exceeded. If |
   |        | a SET is discarded, the Feed Publisher MAY set           |
   |        | "subStatus" to "failed".                                 |
   | verify | If the SET is not a Verify SET, the SET MAY be retained  |
   |        | for a retry at the Feed Publishers discretion.  If a     |
   |        | Verify SET fails to deliver, the Feed Publisher SHALL    |
   |        | set "subStatus" to "failed". The Feed Publish MAY opt to |
   |        | make multiple attempts to complete a verification during |
   |        | which status remains as "verify".                        |
   | paused | The SET is held for delivery in a queue. The Feed        |
   |        | Publisher MAY at its own discretion set the subscription |
   |        | state to "failed" if "subStatus" is not returned to "on" |
   |        | in what the Feed Publisher determines to be a reasonable |
   |        | amount of time.                                          |
   | off    | The SET is ignored.                                      |
   | fail   | The SET is ignored due to a previous unrecoverable       |
   |        | error.                                                   |
   +--------+----------------------------------------------------------+

                  Table 1: Delivery Processing By Status

5.3.  HTTP Web Callback Method

5.3.1.  Description

   This method allows a feed provider to use HTTP POST (Section 4.3.3
   [RFC7231]) to deliver SETs to a registered web callback URI.  The
   Subscription "methodUri" value for this method is
   "urn:ietf:params:set:method:HTTP:webCallback".

   This delivery method is capable of delivering a single SET per HTTP
   POST request.  Depending on the settings for the subscription
   metadata (see Section 4.1), the SET MAY be signed and/or encrypted as
   defined in [I-D.hunt-idevent-token].

   The Subscription's "deliveryUri" attribute indicates the location of
   a Subscriber provided endpoint which can accept HTTP POST requests
   (e.g.  "https://notify.examplerp.com/Events").



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5.3.2.  Delivery Message Format

   The content-type for this method is "application/jwt" and consists of
   a single SET token (see [I-D.hunt-idevent-token]).

     eyJhbGciOiJub25lIn0
     .
     eyJwdWJsaXNoZXJVcmkiOiJodHRwczovL3NjaW0uZXhhbXBsZS5jb20iLCJmZWV
     kVXJpcyI6WyJodHRwczovL2podWIuZXhhbXBsZS5jb20vRmVlZHMvOThkNTI0Nj
     FmYTViYmM4Nzk1OTNiNzc1NCIsImh0dHBzOi8vamh1Yi5leGFtcGxlLmNvbS9GZ
     WVkcy81ZDc2MDQ1MTZiMWQwODY0MWQ3Njc2ZWU3Il0sInJlc291cmNlVXJpcyI6
     WyJodHRwczovL3NjaW0uZXhhbXBsZS5jb20vVXNlcnMvNDRmNjE0MmRmOTZiZDZ
     hYjYxZTc1MjFkOSJdLCJldmVudFR5cGVzIjpbIkNSRUFURSJdLCJhdHRyaWJ1dG
     VzIjpbImlkIiwibmFtZSIsInVzZXJOYW1lIiwicGFzc3dvcmQiLCJlbWFpbHMiX
     SwidmFsdWVzIjp7ImVtYWlscyI6W3sidHlwZSI6IndvcmsiLCJ2YWx1ZSI6Impk
     b2VAZXhhbXBsZS5jb20ifV0sInBhc3N3b3JkIjoibm90NHUybm8iLCJ1c2VyTmF
     tZSI6Impkb2UiLCJpZCI6IjQ0ZjYxNDJkZjk2YmQ2YWI2MWU3NTIxZDkiLCJuYW
     1lIjp7ImdpdmVuTmFtZSI6IkpvaG4iLCJmYW1pbHlOYW1lIjoiRG9lIn19fQ
     .

               Figure 13: Example Web Callback POST Message

5.3.3.  Subscription Verification

   This profile specifies the verification method for HTTP POST and is
   based on the general verification method described in Section 4.4.1.

   To confirm a subscription, the Feed Provider SHALL send a
   verification SET to the subscriber using the registered "methodUri"
   mechanism which in this case is
   "urn:ietf:params:set:method:HTTP:webCallback".  The Verify SET
   contains the attributes listed in Section 4.4.1.

   A payload attribute "confirmChallenge" is provided with a String
   value that the subscriber SHALL echo back in its response.  The
   intent is to confirm that the Subscriber has successfully parsed the
   SET and is not just echoing back HTTP success.














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   A non-normative JSON representation of an event to be sent to a
   subscriber as a subscription confirmation.  Note the event is not yet
   encoded as a JWT token:

   {
     "jti": "4d3559ec67504aaba65d40b0363faad8",
     "events":["[[this RFC URL]]#verify"],
     "iat": 1458496404,
     "iss": "https://scim.example.com",
     "exp": 1458497000,
     "aud":[
      "https://scim.example.com/Feeds/98d52461fa5bbc879593b7754",
      "https://scim.example.com/Feeds/5d7604516b1d08641d7676ee7"
     ],
     "[[this RFC URL]]#verify":{
       "confirmChallenge":"ca2179f4-8936-479a-a76d-5486e2baacd7"
     }
   }

            Figure 14: Example Verification SET with Challenge

   The above SET is encoded as a JWT and transmitted to the Subscriber
   as shown in Figure 16.

   Upon receiving a subscription verify SET, a confirming subscriber
   SHALL respond with a JSON object that includes a "challengeResponse"
   attribute and the value that was provided in "confirmChallenge".  The
   content type header is set to "application/json".

   The following is a non-normative example response to a Verify SET
   received via HTTP/1.1 POST and includes a JSON object containing the
   confirmation attribute and value.

   HTTP/1.1 200 OK
   Content-Type: application/json

   {
     "challengeResponse":"ca2179f4-8936-479a-a76d-5486e2baacd7"
   }

         Figure 15: Example Response to Verify SET with Challenge

   If the subscriber returns a non-matching value or an HTTP status
   other than a 200 series response, the subscription "state" SHALL be
   set to "fail".  A declining subscriber MAY simply respond with any
   400 series HTTP error (e.g. 404).





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5.3.4.  Delivery Procedure

   To deliver an event, the publisher generates an event delivery
   message and uses HTTP POST to the registered endpoint.  The content-
   type of the message is "application/jwt" and the expected response
   type (accept) is "application/json".

   POST /Events  HTTP/1.1

   Host: notify.examplerp.com
   Accept: application/json
   Content-Type: application/jwt
   "eyJhbGciOiJub25lIn0
   .
   eyJwdWJsaXNoZXJVcmkiOiJodHRwczovL3NjaW0uZXhhbXBsZS5jb20iLCJmZWV
   kVXJpcyI6WyJodHRwczovL2podWIuZXhhbXBsZS5jb20vRmVlZHMvOThkNTI0Nj
   FmYTViYmM4Nzk1OTNiNzc1NCIsImh0dHBzOi8vamh1Yi5leGFtcGxlLmNvbS9GZ
   WVkcy81ZDc2MDQ1MTZiMWQwODY0MWQ3Njc2ZWU3Il0sInJlc291cmNlVXJpcyI6
   WyJodHRwczovL3NjaW0uZXhhbXBsZS5jb20vVXNlcnMvNDRmNjE0MmRmOTZiZDZ
   hYjYxZTc1MjFkOSJdLCJldmVudFR5cGVzIjpbIkNSRUFURSJdLCJhdHRyaWJ1dG
   VzIjpbImlkIiwibmFtZSIsInVzZXJOYW1lIiwicGFzc3dvcmQiLCJlbWFpbHMiX
   SwidmFsdWVzIjp7ImVtYWlscyI6W3sidHlwZSI6IndvcmsiLCJ2YWx1ZSI6Impk
   b2VAZXhhbXBsZS5jb20ifV0sInBhc3N3b3JkIjoibm90NHUybm8iLCJ1c2VyTmF
   tZSI6Impkb2UiLCJpZCI6IjQ0ZjYxNDJkZjk2YmQ2YWI2MWU3NTIxZDkiLCJuYW
   1lIjp7ImdpdmVuTmFtZSI6IkpvaG4iLCJmYW1pbHlOYW1lIjoiRG9lIn19fQ
   .

               Figure 16: Example Web Callback POST Request

   Upon receipt of the request, the Subscriber SHALL validate the JWT
   structure of the SET as defined in Section 7.2 [RFC7519].  The
   Subscriber SHALL also validate the SET information as described in
   Section 2 [I-D.hunt-idevent-token].

   If the SET is determined to be valid, the Subscriber SHALL indicate
   successful submission by responding with HTTP Status 202 as
   "Accepted" (see Section 6.3.3 [RFC7231]).

   If SET or JWT is invalid, or there is an HTTP error, the Subscriber
   SHALL respond with the appropriate HTTP error or an HTTP Status 400
   Bad Request error as follows:










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   +----------+--------------------------------------------------------+
   | Err      | Description                                            |
   | Value    |                                                        |
   +----------+--------------------------------------------------------+
   | jwtParse | Invalid or unparsable JWT or JSON structure.           |
   | jwtHdr   | In invalid JWT header was detected.                    |
   | jwtCypto | Unable to parse due to unsupported algorithm.          |
   | jws      | Signature was not validated.                           |
   | jwe      | Unable to decrypt JWE encoded data.                    |
   | jwtAud   | Invalid audience value.                                |
   | jwtIss   | Issuer not recognized.                                 |
   | setType  | An unexpected event type was received.                 |
   | setParse | Invalid structure was encountered such as inability to |
   |          | parse SET event payload.                               |
   | setData  | SET event claims incomplete or invalid.                |
   | dup      | A duplicate SET was received and has been ignored.     |
   +----------+--------------------------------------------------------+

                      Table 2: HTTP Status 400 Errors

   The following is a non-normative example of a successful receipt of a
   SET.

   HTTP/1.1 202 Accepted

              Figure 17: Example Successful Delivery Response

   An HTTP Status 400 Bad Request response includes a JSON object which
   provides details about the error.  The JSON object includes the JSON
   attributes:

   err
      A value which is a keyword that describes the error (see Table 2).

   description
      A human-readable text that provides additional diagnostic
      information.














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   The following is an example non-normative Bad Request error.

   HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request
   Content-Type: application/json

   {
     "err":"dup",
     "description":"SET already received. Ignored."

   }

                  Figure 18: Example Bad Request Response

6.  Security Considerations

   [TO BE COMPLETED]

7.  IANA Considerations

7.1.  Event Notification Mechanism Registry

   [TODO: Registration for Notification Mechanisms]

7.2.  SCIM Schema Registration

   As per the "SCIM Schema URIs for Data Resources" registry established
   by Section 10.3 [RFC7643], the following defines and registers the
   following SCIM URIs and Resource Types for Feeds and Subscriptions.

   +-----------------------+--------------+--------------+-------------+
   | Schema URI            | Name         | ResourceType | Reference   |
   +-----------------------+--------------+--------------+-------------+
   | urn:ietf:params:scim: | SET Event    | Feed         | Section 3.3 |
   | schemas:event:2.0:    | Feed         |              |             |
   | Feed                  |              |              |             |
   | urn:ietf:params:scim: | SET Event    | Subscription | Section 4.3 |
   | schemas:event:2.0:    | Subscription |              |             |
   | Subscription          |              |              |             |
   +-----------------------+--------------+--------------+-------------+

8.  References

8.1.  Normative References

   [I-D.hunt-idevent-token]
              Hunt, P., Denniss, W., Ansari, M., and M. Jones, "Security
              Event Token (SET)", draft-hunt-idevent-token-05 (work in
              progress), September 2016.



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   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC3986]  Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R., and L. Masinter, "Uniform
              Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax", STD 66,
              RFC 3986, DOI 10.17487/RFC3986, January 2005,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3986>.

   [RFC5988]  Nottingham, M., "Web Linking", RFC 5988,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5988, October 2010,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5988>.

   [RFC7231]  Fielding, R., Ed. and J. Reschke, Ed., "Hypertext Transfer
              Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Semantics and Content", RFC 7231,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7231, June 2014,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7231>.

   [RFC7519]  Jones, M., Bradley, J., and N. Sakimura, "JSON Web Token
              (JWT)", RFC 7519, DOI 10.17487/RFC7519, May 2015,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7519>.

   [RFC7643]  Hunt, P., Ed., Grizzle, K., Wahlstroem, E., and C.
              Mortimore, "System for Cross-domain Identity Management:
              Core Schema", RFC 7643, DOI 10.17487/RFC7643, September
              2015, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7643>.

   [RFC7644]  Hunt, P., Ed., Grizzle, K., Ansari, M., Wahlstroem, E.,
              and C. Mortimore, "System for Cross-domain Identity
              Management: Protocol", RFC 7644, DOI 10.17487/RFC7644,
              September 2015, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7644>.

8.2.  Informative References

   [I-D.ietf-webpush-protocol]
              Thomson, M., Damaggio, E., and B. Raymor, "Generic Event
              Delivery Using HTTP Push", draft-ietf-webpush-protocol-02
              (work in progress), November 2015.

   [idevent-scim]
              Oracle Corporation, "SCIM Event Extensions (work in
              progress)".

   [RFC7515]  Jones, M., Bradley, J., and N. Sakimura, "JSON Web
              Signature (JWS)", RFC 7515, DOI 10.17487/RFC7515, May
              2015, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7515>.




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   [RFC7516]  Jones, M. and J. Hildebrand, "JSON Web Encryption (JWE)",
              RFC 7516, DOI 10.17487/RFC7516, May 2015,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7516>.

   [RFC7517]  Jones, M., "JSON Web Key (JWK)", RFC 7517,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7517, May 2015,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7517>.

Appendix A.  Contributors

Appendix B.  Acknowledgments

   The editor would like to thank the participants in the the SCIM
   working group for their support of this specification.

Appendix C.  Change Log

   Draft 00 - PH - First Draft

   Draft 01 - PH -

   o  Removed the version from filename in GITHUB version

   o  Aligned document with new SET terminology from I-D.hunt-idevent-
      token

   o  Simplified draft to only define HTTP POST profile (TBD)

   o  Removed webpush and polling modes (can be re-added later).

   o  Added SCIM management definitions for Feeds

   o  Added delivery information including errors

   o  Added subscription management information (e.g. how to subscribe)

   o  Updated reference to idevent-token to published IETF version

   o  Added a state diagram for Subscriptions

Authors' Addresses

   Phil Hunt (editor)
   Oracle Corporation

   Email: phil.hunt@yahoo.com





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   Marius Scurtescu
   Google

   Email: mscurtescu@google.com


   Morteza Ansari
   Cisco

   Email: morteza.ansari@cisco.com









































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