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Versions: (draft-zzhang-bier-bar-ipa) 00 01 02 03

BIER                                                            Z. Zhang
Internet-Draft                                             A. Przygienda
Intended status: Standards Track                        Juniper Networks
Expires: May 20, 2019                                        A. Dolganow
                                                              H. Bidgoli
                                                             I. Wijnands
                                                           Cisco Systems
                                                                A. Gulko
                                                         Thomson Reuters
                                                       November 16, 2018

        BIER Underlay Path Calculation Algorithm and Constraints


   This document specifies general rules for interaction between the BAR
   (BIER Algorithm) and IPA (IGP Algorithm) fields defined in ISIS/
   OSPFv2 Extensions for BIER.

Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC2119.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on May 20, 2019.

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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  General Rules for the BAR and IPA fields  . . . . . . . . . .   3
     2.1.  When BAR Is Not Used  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.2.  Exceptions/Extensions to the General Rules  . . . . . . .   4
   3.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   4.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   5.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     5.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     5.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5

1.  Introduction

   In Bit Index Explicit Replication (BIER) architecture [RFC8279],
   packets with a BIER encapsulation header are forwarded to the
   neighbors on the underlay paths towards the BFERs.  For each sub-
   domain, the paths are calculated in the underlay topology for the
   sub-domain, following a calculation algorithm specific to the sub-
   domain.  The <topology, algorithm> could be congruent or incongruent
   with unicast.  The topology could be a default topology, a multi-
   topology [RFC5120] topology.  The algorithm could be a generic IGP
   algorithm (e.g.  SPF) or could be a BIER specific one defined in the

   In [RFC8401] and [I-D.ietf-bier-ospf-bier-extensions], an 8-bit BAR
   (BIER Algorithm) field and 8-bit IPA (IGP Algorithm) field are
   defined to signal the BIER specific algorithm and generic IGP
   Algorithm respectively and only value 0 is allowed for both fields in
   those two documents.  This document specifies the general rules for
   the two fields and their interaction when either or both fields are
   not 0.

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2.  General Rules for the BAR and IPA fields

   For a particular sub-domain, all routers SHOULD be provisioned with
   and signal the same BAR and IPA values.  When a BFR discovers another
   BFR advertising different BAR or IPA value from its own provisioned,
   it MUST treat the advertising BFR as incapable of supporting BIER for
   the sub-domain.  How incapable routers are handled is outside the
   scope of this document.

   It is expected that both the BAR and IPA values could have both
   algorithm and constraints semantics.  To generalize, we introduce the
   following terms:

   o  BC: BIER-specific Constraints

   o  BA: BIER-specific Algorithm

   o  RC: Generic Routing Constraints

   o  RA: Generic Routing Algorithm

   o  BCBA: BC + BA

   o  RCRA: RC + RA

   A BAR value corresponds to a BCBA, and a IPA value corresponds to a
   RCRA.  Any of the RC/BC/BA could be "NULL", which means there are no
   corresponding constraints or algorithm.

   When a new BAR value is defined, its corresponding BC/BA semantics
   MUST be specified.  For a new IGP Algorithm to be used as a BIER IPA,
   its RC/RA semantics MUST also be clear.

   For a particular topology X (which could be a default topology or
   multi-topolgy topology) that a sub-domain is associated with, a
   router calculates the underlay paths according to its provisioned
   BCBA and RCRA the following way:

   1.  Apply the BIER constraints, resulting in BC(X).

   2.  Apply the routing constraints, resulting in RC(BC(X)).

   3.  Select the algorithm AG as following:

       A.  If BA is NULL, AG is set to RA.

       B.  If BA is not NULL, AG is set to BA.

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   4.  Run AG on RC(BC(X)).

2.1.  When BAR Is Not Used

   The BIER Algorithm registry established by [RFC8401] and also used in
   [I-D.ietf-bier-ospf-bier-extensions] has value 0 for "No BIER
   specific algorithm is used".  That translates to NULL BA and NULL BC.
   Following the rules defined above, the IPA value alone identifies the
   calculation algorithm and constraints to be used for a particular
   sub-domain when BAR is 0.

2.2.  Exceptions/Extensions to the General Rules

   Exceptions or extensions to the above general rules may be specified
   in the future for specific BAR and/or IPA values.  When that happens,
   compatibility with defined BAR and/or IPA values and semantics need
   to be specified.

3.  IANA Considerations

   No IANA Consideration is requested in this document.

4.  Acknowledgements

   The authors thanks Alia Atlas, Eric Rosen, Senthil Dhanaraj and many
   others for their suggestions and comments.  In particular, the BCBA/
   RCRA representation for the interaction rules is based on Alia's

5.  References

5.1.  Normative References

              Psenak, P., Kumar, N., Wijnands, I., Dolganow, A.,
              Przygienda, T., Zhang, Z., and S. Aldrin, "OSPFv2
              Extensions for BIER", draft-ietf-bier-ospf-bier-
              extensions-18 (work in progress), June 2018.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,

   [RFC8401]  Ginsberg, L., Ed., Przygienda, T., Aldrin, S., and Z.
              Zhang, "Bit Index Explicit Replication (BIER) Support via
              IS-IS", RFC 8401, DOI 10.17487/RFC8401, June 2018,

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5.2.  Informative References

   [RFC5120]  Przygienda, T., Shen, N., and N. Sheth, "M-ISIS: Multi
              Topology (MT) Routing in Intermediate System to
              Intermediate Systems (IS-ISs)", RFC 5120,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5120, February 2008,

   [RFC8279]  Wijnands, IJ., Ed., Rosen, E., Ed., Dolganow, A.,
              Przygienda, T., and S. Aldrin, "Multicast Using Bit Index
              Explicit Replication (BIER)", RFC 8279,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8279, November 2017,

Authors' Addresses

   Zhaohui Zhang
   Juniper Networks

   EMail: zzhang@juniper.net

   Antoni Przygienda
   Juniper Networks

   EMail: prz@juniper.net

   Andrew Dolganow

   EMail: andrew.dolganow@nokia.com

   Hooman Bidgoli

   EMail: hooman.bidgoli@nokia.com

   IJsbrand Wijnands
   Cisco Systems

   EMail: ice@cisco.com

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   Arkadiy Gulko
   Thomson Reuters

   EMail: arkadiy.gulko@thomsonreuters.com

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