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Versions: 00 01 02 RFC 2739

Network Working Group                 Tony Small, Microsoft Corporation
INTERNET-DRAFT                                   Denis Hennessy, ISOCOR
Calendaring and Scheduling Working Group            Frank Dawson, Lotus
Expires six months after                                  April 1, 1999

                 Calendar attributes for vCard and LDAP

                   draft-ietf-calsch-locating-04.txt


Status of this Memo

This memo is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with all
provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026.

Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task
Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups. Note that other groups
may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts.

Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
time. It is inappropriate to use Internet- Drafts as reference material
or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at
http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt.

The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at
http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html.

Distribution of this document is unlimited.

Copyright (C) The Internet Society 1999. All Rights Reserved.


Abstract

When scheduling a calendar entity, such as an event, it is a
prerequisite that an organizer has the calendar address of each attendee
that will be invited to the event. Additionally, access to an attendee's
current "busy time" provides an a priori indication of whether the
attendee will be free to participate in the event.

In order to meet these challenges, a calendar user agent (CUA) needs a
mechanism to locate (URI) individual user's calendar and free/busy time.

This memo defines three mechanisms for obtaining a URI to a user's
calendar and free/busy time. These include:



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- Manual transfer of the information;

- Personal data exchange using the vCard format; and

- Directory lookup using the LDAP protocol.











































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Table of Contents



1 CALENDARING AND SCHEDULING URIS......................................5

 1.1 FREE/BUSY URI (FBURL) ............................................5
 1.2 CALENDAR ADDRESS URI (CALADRURI) .................................6
 1.3 CALENDAR ACCESS URI (CAPURI) .....................................6
 1.4 CALENDAR URI (CALURI) ............................................6
 1.5 DEFAULT URIS .....................................................7

2 DISTRIBUTION.........................................................7

 2.1 MANUAL TRANSFER ..................................................7
 2.2 PERSONAL DATA EXCHANGE USING A VCARD .............................7
 2.3 VCARD SCHEMA EXTENSIONS ..........................................8
  2.3.1 FBURL Property IANA Registration ..............................8
  2.3.2 CALADRURI Property IANA Registration ..........................9
  2.3.3 CAPURI Property IANA Registration ............................10
  2.3.4 CALURI Property IANA Registration ............................10
 2.4 DIRECTORY LOOKUP USING THE LDAP V3 PROTOCOL .....................11
  2.4.1 LDAP Schema Extensions .......................................11
  2.4.2 Notation .....................................................12
  2.4.3 Object Definitions ...........................................12
    2.4.3.1 calEntry .................................................12
  2.4.4 Attribute Definitions ........................................12
    2.4.4.1 calCalURI ................................................12
    2.4.4.2 calFBURL .................................................13
    2.4.4.3 calCAPURI ................................................13
    2.4.4.4 calCalAdrURI .............................................13
    2.4.4.5 calOtherCalURIs ..........................................13
    2.4.4.6 calOtherFBURLs ...........................................14
    2.4.4.7 calOtherCAPURIs ..........................................14
    2.4.4.8 calOtherCalAdrURIs .......................................14

3 IANA CONSIDERATIONS.................................................14


4 SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS.............................................15


5 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS.....................................................15



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6 AUTHORS'S ADDRESSES.................................................15


7 BIBLIOGRAPHY........................................................17


8 FULL COPYRIGHT STATEMENTS...........................................17









































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1  Calendaring and Scheduling URIs

This memo defines four classes of URIs. URIs are more useful if it is
understood what the URIs point to. Here is a brief description:

1.1 Free/Busy URI (FBURL)

The free/busy URI is defined to be a transport independent location
where a client can obtain information about when a user is busy. At the
present time, this URI only points to busy time data. Future revisions
of this specification may provide for the extended capability of
publishing free time data.

If a calendaring and scheduling client (i.e., CUA) were to retrieve data
from this location using FTP or HTTP, it would get back an iCalendar
object [4] containing one or more "VFREEBUSY" calendar components. If a
MIME transport is being used, the response will be contained within a
"text/calendar" MIME body part as specified in the iCalendar
specification [4]. For example:


   BEGIN:VCALENDAR
   VERSION:2.0
   PRODID:-//hacksw/handcal//NONSGML v1.0//EN
   METHOD:PUBLISH
   BEGIN:VFREEBUSY
   ATTENDEE:MAILTO:jane_doe@host1.com
   DTSTART:19971013T050000Z
   DTEND:19971124T050000Z
   DTSTAMP:19970901T083000Z
   FREEBUSY:19971015T133000Z/19971015T180000Z
   FREEBUSY:19971015T190000Z/19971015T220000Z
   FBURL:http://www.host.com/calendar/busy/jdoe.ifb
   END:VFREEBUSY
   END:VCALENDAR

The amount of busy time data pointed to by the FBURL will generally be
pre-determined; for example one month of busy time data. As a guideline,
it is recommended that the previous six weeks of busy time data be
published at the location associated with the FBURL. If this URI points
to a file resource, it is recommended that the file extension be "ifb"
to distinguish it from an arbitrary iCalendar object (e.g., with the
"ics" file extension).


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1.2 Calendar Address URI (CALADRURI)

The calendar address URI is defined to be a transport independent
communication end-point for a user. The organizer's calendaring and
scheduling client (ie. CUA) would use this URI to determine where to
send an event request when organizing a meeting with a particular
attendee.

If the user prefers to receive event requests via iMIP, then the user
would provide a "mailto" URI containing the user's e-mail address. [5]
For example:


   mailto:user@host1.com

The URI for an iRIP user is yet to be defined, but that is another
possible URI value in this property.

1.3 Calendar Access URI (CAPURI)

The Calendar Access URI is defined to be a protocol independent location
from which a calendaring and scheduling client (i.e., CUA) can
communicate with a user's entire calendar.

The semantics for using this URI as an access protocol locator are yet
to be defined by the IETF CALSCH Working Group. This will be addressed
in the "Calendar Access Protocol" specification.

1.4 Calendar URI (CALURI)

The Calendar URI is defined to be a protocol independent location from
which a calendaring and scheduling client (i.e. CUA) can retrieve an
entire copy of a user's calendar. Retrieving data from this URI obtains
a published "snapshot" of the user's calendar.

HTTP URI -- If the URI is an HTTP URI, then the content returned with a
GET should be a "text/calendar" MIME body part containing one or more
iCalendar object.

FTP URI -- If the URI is an FTP URI, then the resource pointed to should
be a file with an "ics" file extension containing one or more iCalendar
objects.






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1.5 Default URIs

There are many cases where a user may have more than one calendar. In
these cases, a user may have multiple URIs, each URI pointing to a
calendar or free/busy data.

To make the case of multiple calendars simpler for clients, the concept
of the "default" calendar is introduced. A "default" calendar is one
that the user has designated as the calendar that other users should
look at when accessing the user's calendar, or retrieving the user's
free/busy time.

The default calendar may, in fact, include rolled-up information from
all the user's other calendars. The other calendars may only exist for
organizational purposes.

2  Distribution

These four URIs provide valuable pointers to calendaring and scheduling
data that other users need in order to know when to schedule meetings,
etc. There are several possibilities on how users can communicate these
URIs to other users. The following section outlines how these URIs can
be distributed to other users.

2.1 Manual Transfer

The simplest way to obtain these URIs is for a user to communicate the
URIs using some out-of-band mechanism such as verbally, or in an e-mail
message, or by printing these URIs on a paper business card.

When using this mechanism, the user obtains these URIs using an out-of-
band mechanism and then enters these URIs into their calendaring
software manually.

2.2 Personal Data Exchange Using A vCard

A more sophisticated way to obtain these URIs is for users to publish
vCards containing these URIs. The vCard object can be transferred
between one another. Since many e-mail clients allow a user to
automatically include a vCard with every message that the user sends,
this provides a simple, transparent way for a user to distribute their
calendaring and scheduling URIs.

On the receiving end, an e-mail client that provides an integrated vCard
database can provide a way to lookup calendaring URIs for users whose
vCards are stored locally.


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2.3 vCard Schema Extensions

Since the vCard [3] specification doesn't specify how to encode
calendaring URIs in a vCard, this section is provided as an extension to
vCard which specifies how to encode calendaring URIs within a vCard.

Inside a vCard object, four new properties are defined: "CALURI",
"CAPURI", "CALADRURI", and "FBURL", as defined above.

Any vCard can have one or more of these properties, each representing a
calendar or free/busy time that is associated with the user.

One of these properties can be designated as the "default" by adding the
"PREF" parameter.

Here is a simple example of a vCard containing a "FBURL" and a "CALURI".


   BEGIN:VCARD
   VERSION:3.0
   N:Dun;Alec
   FN:Alec Dun
   ORG:Microsoft Corporation
   ADR;WORK;POSTAL;PARCEL:;;One Microsoft Way;
    Redmond;WA;98052-6399;USA
   TEL;WORK;MSG:+1-206-936-4544
   TEL;WORK;FAX:+1-206-936-7329
   EMAIL;INTERNET:user@host1.com
   CALADRURI;PREF:mailto:user@host1.com
   CALURI;PREF:http://cal.host1.com/user/cal.ics
   FBURL;PREF:http://cal.host1.com/user/fb.ifb
   CALURI:http://cal.company.com/projectA/pjtA.ics
   FBURL:http://cal.company.com/projectA/pjtAfb.ifb
   END:VCARD

2.3.1     FBURL Property IANA Registration

To: ietf-mime-directory@imc.org

Subject: Registration of FBURL type for text/directory MIME type vCard
profile.

Type name: FBURL

Type purpose: To specify the URI for a user's busy time in a vCard
object.


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Type encoding: 8bit

Type value: A single URI value.

Type special notes: Where multiple FBURL properties are specified, the
default FBURL property is indicated with the PREF parameter. The FTP or
HTTP type of URI points to an iCalendar object associated with a
snapshot of the last six weeks of the user's busy time data. If the
iCalendar object is represented as a file or document, it's file type
should be "ifb".

Intended usage: Refer to section 1.1.

Type examples:


   FBURL;PREF:http://www.host1.com/busy/janedoe
   FBURL:FTP://ftp.host.com/busy/project-a.ifb

2.3.2     CALADRURI Property IANA Registration

To: ietf-mime-directory@imc.org

Subject: Registration of CALADRURI type for application/directory MIME
type vCard profile.

Type name: CALADRURI

Type purpose: To specify the location to which an event request should
be sent for the user.

Type encoding: 8bit

Type value: A single URI value.

Type special notes: Where multiple CALADRURI properties are specified,
the default CALADRURI property is indicated with the PREF parameter.

Intended usage: Refer to section 1.2.

Type examples:


   CALADRURI;PREF:mailto:janedoe@host.com




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2.3.3     CAPURI Property IANA Registration

To: ietf-mime-directory@imc.org

Subject: Registration of CAPURI type for application/directory MIME type
vCard profile.

Type name: CAPURI

Type purpose: To specify a protocol independent location from which a
calendaring and scheduling client (i.e., CUA) can communicate with a
user's entire calendar.

Type encoding: 8bit

Type value: A single URI value.

Type special notes: Where multiple CAPURI properties are specified, the
default CAPURI property is indicated with the PREF parameter.

Intended usage: Refer to section 1.3.

2.3.4     CALURI Property IANA Registration

To: ietf-mime-directory@imc.org

Subject: Registration of CALURI type for text/directory MIME type vCard
profile.

Type name: CALURI

Type purpose: To specify the URI for a user's calendar in a vCard
object.

Type encoding: 8bit

Type value type: A single URI value.

Type special notes: Where multiple CALURI properties are specified, the
default CALURI property is indicated with the PREF parameter. The
property should contain a URI pointing to an iCalendar object associated
with a snapshot of the user's calendar store. If the iCalendar object is
represented as a file or document, it's file type should be "ics".

Intended usage: Refer to section 1.4.



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Type examples:


   CALURI;PREF:http://cal.host1.com/calA
   CALURI:ftp://ftp.host1.com/calA.ics

2.4 Directory Lookup Using The LDAP v3 Protocol

Another way to obtain these URIs is to look them up in a directory using
the LDAP protocol [1].

If a user's URIs can be found using directory lookup (i.e., searching
for one of the LDAP schema extensions defined below), they should, in
general, be considered "more up-to-date" than URIs in any vCards that
are stored locally.

2.4.1     LDAP Schema Extensions

In order to encode the calendaring URIs in the directory, the following
are defined:

- One object class:

   - calEntry

- Eight attributes:

   - calCalURI

   - calFBURL

   - calCAPURI

   - calCalAdrURI

   - calOtherCalURIs

   - calOtherFBURLs

   - calOtherCAPURIs

   - calOtherCalAdrURIs

The calCalURI contains the URI to a snapshot of the user's entire
default calendar. The calFBURL contains the URI to the user's default
busy time data. The calCAPURI represents contains a URI that can be used


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to communicate with the user's calendar. The calCalAdrURI contains a URI
that points to the location to which event requests should be sent for
that user.

The calOtherCalURIs is a multi-valued property containing URIs to
snapshots of other calendars that the user may have. The calOtherFBURLs
is a multi-valued property containing URIs to other free/busy data that
the user may have. The calOtherCAPURIs attribute is a multi-valued
property containing URIs to other calendars that the user may have. The
calOtherCalAdrURIs attribute is a multi-valued property containing URIs
to other locations that a user may want event requests sent to.

There is no predetermined order to the values in either multi-valued
property.

2.4.2     Notation

The notation used in this memo is the same as that used in [2].

2.4.3     Object Definitions

2.4.3.1   calEntry

The Calendar Entry is a class derived from "TOP" [2], which contains the
four calendaring attributes.


   (1.2.840.113556.1.5.87
     NAME 'calEntry'
     TOP
     AUXILIARY
     MAY (calCalURI calFBURL calOtherCalURIs calOtherFBURLs calCAPURI
     calOtherCAPURLs)
   )

2.4.4     Attribute Definitions

2.4.4.1   calCalURI


   (1.2.840.113556.1.4.478
     NAME 'calCalURI'
     EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
     SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
     SYNTAX 'IA5String'
     USAGE userApplications


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   )

2.4.4.2   calFBURL


   (1.2.840.113556.1.4.479
     NAME 'calFBURL'
     EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
     SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
     SYNTAX 'IA5String'
     USAGE userApplications
   )

2.4.4.3   calCAPURI


   (1.2.840.113556.1.4.480
     NAME 'calCAPURI'
     EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
     SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
     SYNTAX 'IA5String'
     USAGE userApplications
   )

2.4.4.4   calCalAdrURI


   (1.2.840.113556.1.4.481
     NAME 'calCalAdrURI'
     EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
     SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
     SYNTAX 'IA5String'
     USAGE userApplications
   )

2.4.4.5   calOtherCalURIs


     (1.2.840.113556.1.4.482
     NAME 'calOtherCalURIs'
     EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
     SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
     SYNTAX 'IA5String'
     MULTI-VALUE
     USAGE userApplications
   )


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2.4.4.6   calOtherFBURLs


   (1.2.840.113556.1.4.483
     NAME 'calOtherFBURLs'
     EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
     SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
     SYNTAX 'IA5String'
     MULTI-VALUE
     USAGE userApplications
   )

2.4.4.7   calOtherCAPURIs


   (1.2.840.113556.1.4.484
     NAME 'calOtherCAPURIs'
     EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
     SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
     SYNTAX 'IA5String'
     MULTI-VALUE
     USAGE userApplications
   )

2.4.4.8   calOtherCalAdrURIs


   (1.2.840.113556.1.4.485
     NAME 'calOtherCalAdrURIs'
     EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
     SUBSTRING caseIgnoreMatch
     SYNTAX 'IA5String'
     MULTI-VALUE
     USAGE userApplications
   )

3  IANA Considerations

This memo defines IANA registered extensions to the attributes defined
by LDAP [1] and vCard [3].

IANA registration proposals for vCard are to be emailed to the
registration agent for the "text/directory" MIME content-type, <MAILTO:
ietf-mime-directory@imc.org> using the format defined in [3].




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4  Security Considerations

Standard vCard and LDAP security rules and support apply for the
extensions described in this document, and there are no special security
issues for these extensions.

Please note, though, that LDAP servers may permit anonymous clients to
refresh entries which they did not create. Servers are also permitted to
control a refresh access to an entry by requiring clients to bind before
issuing a RefreshRequest. This will have implications on the server
performance and scalability.

Please also note, though, that vCard objects may have been created by an
entity other than that represented by the vCard. Recipients should be
certain of the source that generated the vCard.

Also, care should be taken in making use of information obtained from
directory servers that has been supplied by client, as it may now be out
of date. In many networks, for example, IP addresses are automatically
assigned when a host connects to the network, and may be reassigned if
that host later disconnects. An IP address obtained from the directory
may no longer be assigned to the host that placed the address in the
directory. This issue is not specific to LDAP or dynamic directories.

5  Acknowledgments

The authors wish to acknowledge the work of Alec Dun, who acted as an
author for the early drafts of this memo. In addition, this document
received input from the various participants in the IETF CALSCH Working
Group discussions.

6  Authors's Addresses

The following address information is provided in a vCard v3.0 [3],
Electronic Business Card, format.


   BEGIN:VCARD
   VERSION:3.0
   N:Small;Tony
   FN:Tony Small
   ORG:Microsoft Corporation
   ADR;TYPE=WORK,POSTAL,PARCEL:;;One Microsoft Way;
    Redmond;WA;98052-6399;USA
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,MSG:+1-425-703-2190
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,FAX:+1-206-936-7329


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   EMAIL;TYPE=INTERNET:tonysm@Microsoft.com
   CALADRURI:MAILTO:tonysm@Microsoft.com
   END:VCARD


   BEGIN:VCARD
   VERSION:3.0
   N:Hennessy;Denis
   FN:Denis Hennessy
   ORG:ISOCOR
   ADR;TYPE=WORK,POSTAL,PARCEL:;;42-47 Lower Mount St;
    Dublin 2;Ireland
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,MSG:+353-1-676-0366
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,FAX:+353-1-676-0856
   EMAIL;TYPE=INTERNET:denis.hennessy@isocor.com
   CALADRURI:MAILTO:denis.hennessy@isocor.com
   END:VCARD


   BEGIN:VCARD
   VERSION:3.0
   N:Dawson;Frank
   FN:Frank Dawson
   ORG:Lotus Development Corporation
   ADR;TYPE=WORK,POSTAL,PARCEL:;;6544 Battleford Drive;
    Raleigh;NC;27613-3502;USA
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,PREF:+1-617-693-8728
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,MSG:+1-919-676-9515
   TEL;TYPE=FAX:+1-617-693-8728
   EMAIL;TYPE=INTERNET,PREF:Frank_Dawson@Lotus.com
   EMAIL;TYPE=INTERNET:fdawson@earthlink.net
   CALADRURI;TYPE=PREF:MAILTO:Frank_Dawson@Lotus.com
   CALADRURI:MAILTO:fdawson@earthlink.net
   URI:http://home.earthlink.net/~fdawson
   END:VCARD

This memo is a result of the work of the Internet Engineering Task Force
Calendaring and scheduling Working Group. The chairmen of that working
group are:

   BEGIN:VCARD
   VERSION:3.0
   N:Moskowitz;Robert
   FN:Robert Moskowitz
   EMAIL;TYPE=INTERNET:rgm-ietf@htt-consult.com
   END:VCARD


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   BEGIN:VCARD
   VERSION:3.0
   N:Egen;Pat
   FN:Pat Egen
   ORG:Egen Consulting, Inc..
   ADR;TYPE=WORK,POSTAL,PARCEL:;;803 Creek Overlook;
    Chattanooga;TN;37415
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,MSG:+1-423-875-2652
   TEL;TYPE=WORK,FAX:+1-423-875-2017
   EMAIL;TYPE=INTERNET:pregen@egenconsulting.com
   CALADRURI:MAILTO:pregen@egenconsulting.com
   END:VCARD


7  Bibliography

   [1] M. Wahl, T. Howes, S. Kille, 'Lightweight Directory Access
      Protocol (v3)', RFC 2251, December 1997,
      <URL:http:www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2251.txt>

   [2] M. Wahl, A. Coulbeck, T. Howes, S. Kille, 'Lightweight Directory
      Access Protocol (v3): Attribute Syntax Definitions', RFC 2252,
      December 1997, <URL:http:www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2252.txt>

   [3] F. Dawson, T. Howes, 'vCard MIME Directory Profile', RFC 2426,
      September 1998, <URL:http:www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2426.txt>

   [4] F. Dawson, D. Stenerson 'Internet Calendaring and Scheduling Core
      Object Specification (iCalendar)', RFC 2445, November 1997,
      <URL:http:www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2445.txt>

   [5] F. Dawson, S. Mansour `iCalendar Message-Based Interopability
      Protocal (iMIP)', November 1997,
      <URL:http:www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2447.txt>

8  Full Copyright Statements

Copyright (C) The Internet Society (1999). All Rights Reserved.

This memo and translations of it may be copied and furnished to others,
and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it or assist
in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published and
distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any kind,
provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are included
on all such copies and derivative works. However, this memo itself may


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not be modified in any way, such as by removing the copyright notice or
references to the Internet Society or other Internet organizations,
except as needed for the purpose of developing Internet standards in
which case the procedures for copyrights defined in the Internet
Standards process must be followed, or as required to translate it into
languages other than English.

The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

This memo and the information contained herein is provided on an "AS IS"
basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING TASK FORCE
DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED
TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE
ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
































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