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Versions: (draft-claise-energy-monitoring-mib) 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 RFC 7460

     Network Working Group                            M. Chandramouli
     Internet-Draft                               Cisco Systems, Inc.
     Intended Status: Standards Track                    B. Schoening
     Expires: September 8, 2012                Independent Consultant
                                                           J. Quittek
                                                             T. Dietz
                                                      NEC Europe Ltd.
                                                            B. Claise
                                                  Cisco Systems, Inc.
                                                        March 9, 2012
     
     
                        Power and Energy Monitoring MIB
                    draft-ietf-eman-energy-monitoring-mib-02
     
     Status of this Memo
     
        This Internet-Draft is submitted to IETF in full conformance
        with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.
     
        Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet
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        This Internet-Draft will expire on September 2012.
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
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     Copyright Notice
     
        Copyright (c) 2011 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
        document authors.  All rights reserved.
     
        This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
        Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
        (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
        publication of this document.  Please review these documents
        carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with
        respect to this document.  Code Components extracted from this
        document must include Simplified BSD License text as described
        in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided
        without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License.
     
     
     Abstract
     
        This document defines a subset of the Management Information
        Base (MIB) for power and energy monitoring of devices.
     
     Conventions used in this document
     
        The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL
        NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED",
        "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as
        described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].
     
     
     
        Table of Contents
     
        1. Introduction............................................. 4
        2. The Internet-Standard Management Framework............... 5
        3. Use Cases................................................ 5
        4. Terminology.............................................. 5
           Energy Management.........................................6
           Energy Management System (EnMS)...........................6
           ISO Energy Management System..............................7
           Energy....................................................7
           Power.....................................................7
           Demand....................................................8
           Power Quality.............................................8
           Electrical Equipment......................................8
           Non-Electrical Equipment (Mechanical Equipment)...........8
           Energy Object.............................................9
     
     
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           Electrical Energy Object..................................9
           Non-Electrical Energy Object..............................9
           Energy Monitoring.........................................9
           Energy Control............................................9
           Energy Management Domain.................................10
           Energy Object Identification.............................10
           Energy Object Context....................................10
           Energy Object Relationship...............................10
           Aggregation Relationship.................................11
           Metering Relationship....................................11
           Power Source Relationship................................11
           Proxy Relationship.......................................11
           Dependency Relationship..................................12
           Energy Object Parent.....................................12
           Energy Object Child......................................12
           Power State..............................................12
           Power State Set..........................................13
           Nameplate Power..........................................13
        5. Architecture Concepts Applied to the MIB Module......... 13
        5.1. Energy Object Information............................. 20
        5.2. Power State........................................... 20
              5.2.1. Power State Set................................21
              5.2.2. IEEE1621 Power State Set.......................22
              5.2.3. DMTF Power State Set...........................22
              5.2.4. EMAN Power State Set...........................23
        5.3. Energy Object Usage Information....................... 26
        5.4. Optional Power Usage Quality.......................... 27
        5.5. Optional Energy Measurement........................... 28
        5.6. Fault Management...................................... 32
        6. Discovery............................................... 32
        7. Link with the other IETF MIBs........................... 33
           7.1. Link with theENTITY-MIBand the ENTITY-SENSOR MIB....33
           7.2. Link with the ENTITY-STATE MIB......................34
           7.3. Link with the POWER-OVER-ETHERNET MIB...............35
           7.4. Link with the UPS MIB...............................35
           7.5. Link with the LLDP and LLDP-MED MIBs................36
        8. Implementation Scenario................................. 37
        9. Structure of the MIB.................................... 39
        10. MIB Definitions........................................ 40
        11. Security Considerations................................ 78
        12. IANA Considerations.................................... 79
        12.1. IANA Considerations for the MIB Modules.............. 79
        12.2. IANA Registration of new Power State Set............. 80
         12.2.1. IANA Registration of the IEEE1621 Power State Set..80
         12.2.2. IANA Registration of the DMTF Power State Set......81
         12.2.3. IANA Registration of the EMAN Power State Set......81
        12.3. Updating the Registration of Existing Power State
              Sets................................................. 81
     
     
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        12. Contributors........................................... 82
        13. Acknowledgment......................................... 82
        14. Open Issues............................................ 82
        15. References............................................. 84
           15.2. Normative References...............................84
           15.3. Informative References.............................84
     
     
     
     1. Introduction
     
        This document defines a subset of the Management Information
        Base (MIB) for use in energy management of devices within or
        connected to communication networks.  The MIB modules in this
        document are designed to provide a model for energy management,
        which includes monitoring for power state and energy consumption
        of networked elements.  This MIB takes into account the Energy
        Management Framework  [EMAN-FRAMEWORK], which in turn, is based
        on the Requirements for Energy Management[EMAN-REQ].
     
        Energy management is applicable to devices in communication
        networks.  Target devices for this specification include (but
        are not limited to): routers, switches, Power over Ethernet
        (PoE) endpoints, protocol gateways for building management
        systems, intelligent meters, home energy gateways, hosts and
        servers, sensor proxies, etc. Target devices and the use cases
        for Energy Management are discussed in Energy Management
        Applicability Statement [EMAN-AS].
     
        Where applicable, device monitoring extends to the individual
        components of the device and to any attached dependent devices.
        For example: A device can contain components that are
        independent from a power-state point of view, such as line
        cards, processor cards, hard drives.  A device can also have
        dependent attached devices, such as a switch with PoE endpoints
        or a power distribution unit with attached endpoints.
     
        Devices and their sub-components may be characterized by the
        power-related attributes of a physical entity present in the
        ENTITY MIB, even though the ENTITY-MIB compliance is not a
        requirement due to the variety and broad base of devices
        concerned with energy management.
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
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     2. The Internet-Standard Management Framework
     
        For a detailed overview of the documents that describe the
        current Internet-Standard Management Framework, please refer to
        section 7 of RFC 3410 [RFC3410].
     
        Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store,
        termed the Management Information Base or MIB. MIB objects are
        generally accessed through the Simple Network Management
        Protocol (SNMP).  Objects in the MIB are defined using the
        mechanisms defined in the Structure of Management Information
        (SMI).  This memo specifies MIB modules that are compliant to
        SMIv2, which is described in STD 58, RFC 2578 [RFC2578], STD 58,
        RFC 2579 [RFC2579] and STD 58, RFC 2580 [RFC2580].
     
     
     3. Use Cases
     
        Requirements for power and energy monitoring for networking
        devices are specified in [EMAN-REQ].  The requirements in [EMAN-
        REQ] cover devices typically found in communications networks,
        such as switches, routers, and various connected endpoints.  For
        a power monitoring architecture to be useful, it should also
        apply to facility meters, power distribution units, gateway
        proxies for commercial building control, home automation
        devices, and devices that interface with the utility and/or
        smart grid.  Accordingly, the scope of the MIB modules in this
        document is broader than that specified in [EMAN-REQ].  Several
        use cases for Energy Management have been identified in the
        "Energy Management (EMAN) Applicability Statement" [EMAN-AS]. An
        illustrative example scenario is presented in Section 8.
     
     
     4. Terminology
     
     EDITOR'S NOTE:
        - All terms are copied over from the version 4 of the
        [EMAN-TERMINOLOGY] draft.  The only difference in
        definition is the Energy Management Domain, which has
        been improved, to address one comment from Bill
        Mielke. Hopefully, this version 4 is the final
        version.
        - "All" terms have been copied. Potentially, some
        unused terms might have to be removed (example
        Electrical Equipment". Alternatively, as this
        document is the first standard track document in the
        EMAN WG, it may become the reference document for the
     
     
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        terminology (instead of cutting/pasting the
        terminology in all drafts)
        - "Reference: herein" has not been copied over from
        the terminology draft.
     
     Energy Management
     
       Energy Management is a set of functions for measuring,
       modeling, planning, and optimizing networks to ensure
       that the network elements and attached devices use
       energy efficiently and is appropriate for the nature
       of the application and the cost constraints of the
       organization.
       Reference: Adapted from [ITU-T-M-3400]
       Example: A set of computer systems that will poll
       electrical meters and store the readings
       NOTES:
       1. Energy management refers to the activities, methods,
          procedures and tools that pertain to measuring,
          modeling, planning, controlling and optimizing the
          use of energy in networked systems [NMF].
       2. Energy Management is a management domain which is
          congruent to any of FCAPS areas of management in the
          ISO/OSI Network Management Model [TMN]. Energy
          Management for communication networks and attached
          devices is a subset or part of an organization's
          greater Energy Management Policies.
     
     Energy Management System (EnMS)
     
       An Energy Management System is a combination of
       hardware and software used to administer a network
       with the primarily purpose being Energy Management.
       Reference: Adapted from [1037C]
       Example: A single computer system that polls data from
       devices using SNMP
       NOTES:
       1. An Energy Management System according to [ISO50001]
          (ISO-EnMS) is a set of systems or procedures upon
          which organizations can develop and implement an
          energy policy, set targets, action plans and take
     
     
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          into account legal requirements related to energy
          use.  An EnMS allows organizations to improve energy
          performance and demonstrate conformity to
          requirements, standards, and/or legal requirements.
       2. Example ISO-EnMS:  Company A defines a set of
          policies and procedures indicating there should
          exist multiple computerized systems that will poll
          energy from their meters and pricing / source data
          from their local utility. Company A specifies that
          their CFO should collect information and summarize
          it quarterly to be sent to an accounting firm to
          produce carbon accounting reporting as required by
          their local government.
       3. For the purposes of EMAN, the definition from
          [1037C] is the preferred meaning of an Energy
          Management System (EnMS).  The definition from
          [ISO50001] can be referred to as ISO Energy
          Management System (ISO-EnMS).
     
     ISO Energy Management System
     
       Energy Management System as defined by [ISO50001]
     
     Energy
     
       That which does work or is capable of doing work. As
       used by electric utilities, it is generally a
       reference to electrical energy and is measured in
       kilo-watt hours (kWh).
       Reference: [IEEE100]
       NOTES
       1. Energy is the capacity of a system to produce
          external activity or perform work [ISO50001]
     
     Power
     
       The time rate at which energy is emitted, transferred,
       or received; usually expressed in watts (or in joules
       per second).
       Reference: [IEEE100]
     
     
     
     
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     Demand
     
       The average value of power or a related quantity over
       a specified interval of time. Note: Demand is
       expressed in kilowatts, kilovolt-amperes, kilovars, or
       other suitable units.
     
       Reference: [IEEE100]
       NOTES:
       1. typically kilowatts
       2. Energy providers typically bill by Demand
          measurements as well as for maximum Demand per
          billing periods.  Power values may spike during
          short-terms by devices, but Demand measurements
          recognize that maximum Demand does not equal maximum
          Power during an interval.
     
     Power Quality
     
       Characteristics of the electric current, voltage and
       frequencies at a given point in an electric power
       system, evaluated against a set of reference technical
       parameters. These parameters might, in some cases,
       relate to the compatibility between electricity
       supplied in an electric power system and the loads
       connected to that electric power system.
       Reference: [IEC60050]
     
     
     Electrical Equipment
     
       A general term including materials, fittings, devices,
       appliances, fixtures, apparatus, machines, etc., used
       as a part of, or in connection with, an electric
       installation.
       Reference: [IEEE100]
     
     Non-Electrical Equipment (Mechanical Equipment)
     
        A general term including materials, fittings, devices
       appliances, fixtures, apparatus, machines, etc., used
     
     
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       as a part of, or in connection with, non-electrical
       power installations.
       Reference: Adapted from [IEEE100]
     
     Energy Object
     
        An Energy Object (EO) is a piece of equipment that is
        part of or attached to a communications network that
        is monitored, controlled, or aids in the management of
        another device for Energy Management.
     
     
     Electrical Energy Object
     
        An Electrical Energy Object (EEO) is an Energy Object
        that is a piece of Electrical Equipment
     
     
     Non-Electrical Energy Object
     
        A Non-Electrical Energy Object (NEEO) an Energy Object
        that is a piece of Non-Electrical Equipment.
     
     
     Energy Monitoring
     
       Energy Monitoring is a part of Energy Management that
       deals with collecting or reading information from
       Energy Objects to aid in Energy Management.
       NOTES:
       1. This could include Energy, Power, Demand, Power
          Quality, Context and/or Battery information.
     
     Energy Control
     
       Energy Control is a part of Energy Management that
       deals with directing influence over Energy Objects.
     
       NOTES:
       1. Typically in order to optimize or ensure its
          efficiency.
     
     
     
     
     
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     Energy Management Domain
     
       An Energy Management Domain is a set of Energy Objects where all
       objects in the domain are considered one unit of management.
     
       For example, power distribution units and all of the attached
       Energy Objects are part of the same Energy Management Domain.
     
        For example, all EEO's drawing power from the same
        distribution panel with the same AC voltage within a
        building, or all EEO's in a building for which there
        is one main meter, would comprise an Energy Management
        Domain.
     
        NOTES:
        1. Typically, this set will have as members all EO's
          that are powered from the same source.
     
     
     Energy Object Identification
     
       Energy Object Identification is a set of attributes
       that enable an Energy Object to be: uniquely
       identified among all Energy Management Domains; linked
       to other systems; classified as to type, model, and or
       manufacturer
     
     Energy Object Context
     
       Energy Object Context is a set of attributes that
       allow an Energy Management System to classify the use
       of the Energy Object within an organization.
       NOTES:
       1. The classification could contain the use and/or the
          ranking of the Energy Object as compared to other
          Energy Objects in the Energy Management Domain.
     
     
     Energy Object Relationship
     
        An Energy Objects Relationship is a functional
        association between one or more Energy Objects
     
        NOTES
     
     
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        1. Relationships can be named and could include
          Aggregation, Metering, Power Source, Proxy and
          Dependency.
     
     
     Aggregation Relationship
     
       An Energy Object may aggregate the Energy Management
       information of one or more Energy Objects and is
       referred to as an Aggregation Relationship.
       NOTES:
       1. Aggregate values may be obtained by reading values
          from multiple Energy Objects and producing a single
          value of more significant meaning such as average,
          count, maximum, median, minimum, mode and most
          commonly sum [SQL].
     
     Metering Relationship
     
        An Energy Object may measure the Power or Energy of
        another Energy Object(s) and is referred to as a
        Metering Relationship.
     
        Example: a PoE port on a switch measures the Power it
        provides to the connected Energy Object.
     
     
     Power Source Relationship
     
        An Energy Object may be the source of or distributor
        of Power to another Energy Object(s) and is referred
        to as a Power Source Relationship.
     
        Example: a PDU provides power for a connected host.
     
     
     Proxy Relationship
     
        An Energy Object that provides Energy Management
        capabilities on behalf of another Energy Object is
        referred to a Proxy Relationship.
     
        Example: a protocol gateways device for Building
        Management Systems (BMS) with subtended devices.
     
     
     
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     Dependency Relationship
     
        An Energy Object may be a component of or rely
        completely upon another Energy Object to operate and
        is referred to as a Dependency Relationship.
     
        Example: A Switch chassis with multiple line cards.
     
     
     Energy Object Parent
     
        An Energy Object Parent is an Energy Object that
        participates in an Energy Object Relationships and is
        considered as providing the capabilities in the
        relationship.
     
     
     Energy Object Child
     
        An Energy Object Child is an Energy Object that
        participates in an Energy Object Relationships and is
        considered as receiving the capabilities in the
        relationship.
     
     
     Power State
     
        A Power State is a condition or mode of a device that
        broadly characterizes its capabilities, power
        consumption, and responsiveness to input.
     
        Reference: Adapted from [IEEE1621]
     
        NOTES:
     
        1. A Power State can be seen as a power setting of an
          Energy Object that influences the power
          consumption, the available functionality, and the
          responsiveness of the Energy Object.
     
        2. A Power State can be viewed as one method for
          Energy Control
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
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     Power State Set
     
        A collection of Power States that comprise one named
        or logical grouping of control is a Power State Set.
     
        Example: The states {on, off, and sleep} as defined in
        [IEEE1621], or the 16 power states as defined by the
        [DMTF] can be considered two different Power State
        Sets.
     
     
     Nameplate Power
     
        The Nameplate Power is the maximal (nominal) Power
        that a device can support.
     
        NOTES:
     
        1. This is typically determined via load testing and
          is specified by the manufacturer as the maximum
          value required for operating the device.  This is
          sometimes referred to as the worst-case Power.  The
          actual or average Power may be lower.  The
          Nameplate Power is typically used for provisioning
          and capacity planning.
     
     
     
     5. Architecture Concepts Applied to the MIB Module
     
        This section describes the concepts specified in the Energy
        Management Framework [EMAN-FRAMEWORK] that pertain to power
        usage, with specific information related to the MIB module
        specified in this document.  This subsection maps to the section
        "Architecture High Level Concepts" in the Power Monitoring
        Architecture [EMAN-FRAMEWORK].
     
        The Energy Monitoring MIB has 2 independent MIB modules. The
        first MIB module energyObjectMib is focused on measurement of
        power and energy. The second MIB module powerQualityMIB is
        focused on Power Quality measurements.
     
        The energyObjectMib MIB module consists of four tables.  The
        first table eoPowerTable is indexed by entPhysicalIndex. The
        second table eoPowerStateTable indexed by entPhysicalIndex and
        eoPowerStateIndex. The eoEnergyParametersTable is indexed
        by eoEnergyParametersIndex. The eoEnergyTable is indexed by
        eoEnergyParametersIndex and eoEnergyCollectionStartTime.
     
     
     
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         eoPowerTable(1)
          |
          +---eoPowerEntry(1) [entPhysicalIndex]
          |   |
          |   +---r-n Integer32         eoPower(1)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32         eoPowerNamePlate(2)
          |   +-- r-n UnitMultiplier    eoPowerUnitMultiplier(3)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32         eoPowerAccuracy(4)
          |   +-- r-n INTEGER           eoMeasurementCaliber(5)
          |   +-- r-n INTEGER           eoPowerCurrentType(6)
          |   +-- r-n INTEGER           eoPowerOrigin(7)
          |   +-- rwn Integer32         eoPowerAdminState(8)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32         eoPowerOperState(9)
          |   +-- r-n OwnerString       eoPowerStateEnterReason(10)
          |   |
          |   |
          +---eoPowerStateTable(2)
          |      +--eoPowerStateEntry(1)
          |      |     [entPhysicalIndex,
          |      |      eoPowerStateIndex]
          |      |
          |      +-- --n IANAPowerStateSet  eoPowerStateIndex(1)
          |      +-- r-n Interger32         eoPowerStateMaxPower (2)
          |      +-- r-n UnitMultiplier
          |                  eoPowerStatePowerUnitMultiplier (3)
          |      +-- r-n TimeTicks          eoPowerStateTotalTime(4)
          |      +-- r-n Counter32         eoPowerStateEnterCount(5)
          |
     
          +eoEnergyParametersTable(1)
          +---eoEnergyParametersEntry(1) [eoEnergyParametersIndex]
          |
     
          |   +-- --n PhysicalIndex eoEnergyObjectIndex  (1)
          |   +   r-n Integer32 eoEnergyParametersIndex  (2)
          |   +-- r-n TimeInterval
          |               eoEnergyParametersIntervalLength (3)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32
          |               eoEnergyParametersIntervalNumber (4)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32
          |               eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode (5)
          |   +-- r-n TimeInterval
          |               eoEnergyParametersIntervalWindow (6)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32
          |               eoEnergyParametersSampleRate (7)
          |   +-- r-n RowStatus  eoEnergyParametersStatus (8)
          |
          +eoEnergyTable (1)
     
     
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          +---eoEnergyEntry(1) [eoEnergyParametersIndex,
        eoEnergyCollectionStartTime]
          |
          |   +-- r-n TimeTicks     eoEnergyCollectionStartTime (1)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32     eoEnergyConsumed (2)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32     eoEnergyyProduced (3)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32     eoEnergyNet (4)
          |   +-- r-n UnitMultiplier
          |                eoEnergyUnitMultiplier (5)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32     eoEnergyAccuracy(6)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32     eoEnergyMaxConsumed (7)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32     eoEnergyMaxProduced (8)
          |   +-- r-n TimeTicks
          |                   eoEnergyDiscontinuityTime(9)
          |   +-- r-n RowStatus     eoEnergyParametersStatus (10)
     
     
        The powerQualityMIB consists of four tables. eoACPwrQualityTable
        is indexed by  entPhysicalIndex. eoACPwrQualityPhaseTable is
        indexed by entPhysicalIndex and eoPhaseIndex.
        eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseTable and eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseTable are
        indexed by entPhysicalIndex and eoPhaseIndex.
     
        eoPowerQualityTable(1)
          |
          +---eoACPwrQualityEntry (1) [entPhysicalIndex]
          |   |
          |   |
          |   +---r-n INTEGER      eoACPwrQualityConfiguration (1)
          |   +-- r-n Interger32   eoACPwrQualityAvgVoltage (2)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32    eoACPwrQualityAvgCurrent (3)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32    eoACPwrQualityFrequency  (4)
          |   +-- r-n UnitMultiplier
          |             eoACPwrQualityPowerUnitMultiplier (5)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32    eoACPwrQualityPowerAccuracy (6)
          |   +-- r-n Interger32   eoACPwrQualityTotalActivePower (7)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32
          |            eoACPwrQualityTotalReactivePower (8)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32    eoACPwrQualityTotalApparentPower (9)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32    eoACPwrQualityTotalPowerFactor(10)
          |   +-- r-n Integer32    eoACPwrQualityThdAmpheres (11)
          |
          +eoACPwrQualityPhaseTable (1)
          +---EoACPwrQualityPhaseEntry(1)[entPhysicalIndex,
          |     |                          eoPhaseIndex]
          |     |
          |     +-- r-n Integer32  eoPhaseIndex  (1)
          |     +-- r-n Integer32
     
     
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          |     |          eoACPwrQualityPhaseAvgCurrent (2)
          |     +-- r-n Integer32
          |     |          eoACPwrQualityPhaseActivePower (3)
          |     +-- r-n Integer32
          |     |          eoACPwrQualityPhaseReactivePower (4)
          |     +-- r-n Integer32
          |     |          eoACPwrQualityPhaseApparentPower (5)
          |     +-- r-n Integer32
          |     |          eoACPwrQualityPhasePowerFactor (6)
          |     +-- r-n Integer32
          |     |          eoACPwrQualityPhaseImpedance (7)
          |     |
          +eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseTable (1)
          +-- eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseEntry(1)
          |     |                          [entPhysicalIndex,
          |     |                           eoPhaseIndex]
          |     +-- r-n Integer32
          |     |    eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseToNextPhaseVoltage (1)
          |     +-- r-n Integer32
          |     |   eoACPwrQualityDelThdPhaseToNextPhaseVoltage (2)
          |     +-- r-n Integer32  eoACPwrQualityDelThdCurrent (3)
          |     |
          +eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseTable (1)
          +-- eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseEntry (1)
          |     |                           [entPhysicalIndex,
          |     |                            eoPhaseIndex]
          |     +-- r-n Integer32
          |     |      eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseToNeutralVoltage (1)
          |     +-- r-n Integer32
          |     |     eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseCurrent (2)
          |     +-- r-n Integer32
          |     |     eoACPwrQualityWyeThdPhaseToNeutralVoltage (3)
          |     .
     
     
     
        A UML representation of the MIB objects in the two MIB modules
        are energyObjectMib and powerQualityMIB are presented.
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
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        +--------------------------+
        |    Energy Object ID      |
        | -----------------------  |
        |                          |
        | entPhysIndex (*)         |
        | entPhysicalName (*)      |
        | entPhysicalUris (*)      | +---------------------------+
        | (EO UUID)                | |                           |
        |                          | |  Energy Object Attributes |
        |                          | | ------------------------- |
        |                          | |                           |
        +--------------------------+ | eoPowerNamePlate          |
                  |                | | eoPowerMeasurementCaliber |
                  |                | | eoPowerOrigin             |
                  |                | | eoPowerCurrentType        |
                  |                | +---------------------------+
                  |                |       |
                  |                |       |
                  v                |       v
        +-----------------------------------------+
        |  Energy Object Measurement              |
        |---------------------------------------  |
        | eoPower                                 |
        | eoPowerUnitMultiplier                   |
        | eoPowerAccuracy                         |
        +-----------------------------------------+
                  ^                 |      ^
                  |                 |      |
        +-------------------------+ |      |
        |    Energy Object State  | |  +------------------------+
        | ----------------------- | |  | Energy Object State    |
        | eoPowerAdminState       | |  |    Statistics          |
        | eoPowerOperState        | |  |----------------------- |
        | eoPowerStateEnterReason | |  | eoPowerStateMaxPower   |
        +-------------------------+ |  | eoPowerStateTotalTime  |
                                    |  | eoPowerStateEnterCount |
                                    |  +------------------------+
                                    |
                                    |
                                    |
                                    |
     
              Figure 1:UML diagram for powerMonitor MIB
     
             (*)   Link with the ENTITY-MIB
     
     
     
     
     
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                                   |
                                   |
                                   V
     
               +----------------------------------------+
               |    Energy ParametersTable              |
               | -------------------------------------- |
               |                                        |
               |  eoEnergyObjectIndex                   |
               |  eoEnergyParametersIndex               |
               |  eoEnergyParametersIntervalLength      |
               |  eoEnergyParametersIntervalNumber      |
               |  eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode        |
               |  eoEnergyParametersIntervalWindow      |
               |  eoEnergyParametersSampleRate          |
               |  eoEnergyParametersStatus              |
               +----------------------------------------+
     
     
                                   |
                                   |
                                   |
                                   V
               +----------------------------------------+
               |    Energy Table                        |
               |  ----------------------------------    |
               |  eoEnergyCollectionStartTime           |
               |  eoEnergyConsumed                      |
               |  eoEnergyProduced                      |
               |  eoEnergyNet                           |
               |  eoEnergyUnitMultiplier                |
               |  eoEnergyAccuracy                      |
               |  eoMaxConsumed                         |
               |  eoMaxProduced                         |
               |  eoDiscontinuityTime                   |
               +----------------------------------------+
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
                +--------------------------+
                |    EnergyObject ID       |
                | -----------------------  |
                |                          |
     
     
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                |                          |
                | entPhysicalIndex   (*)   |
                |                          |
                +--------------------------+
                               |
                               v
                   +-------------------------------------+
                   |  Power Quality                      |
                   | ----------------------------------- |
                   | eoACPwrQualityConfiguration         |
                   | eoACPwrQualityAvgVoltage            |
                   | eoACPwrQualityAvgCurrent            |
                   | eoACPwrQualityFrequency             |
                   | eoACPwrQualityPowerUnitMultiplier   |
                   | eoACPwrQualityPowerAccuracy         |
                   | eoACPwrQualityTotalActivePower      |
                   | eoACPwrQualityTotalReactivePower    |
                   | eoACPwrQualityTotalApparentPower    |
                   | eoACPwrQualityTotalPowerFactor      |
                   | eoACPwrQualityThdAmpheres           |
                   +-------------------------------------+ ^
                                    ^                   ^  |
                                    |                   |  -------
                                    |                   ----     |
                                    |                       |    |
                                    |                       |    |
                  +-------------------------------------+   |    |
                  |  Power Phase Quality                |   |    |
                  |  ---------------------------------- |   |    |
                  | eoPhaseIndex                        |   |    |
                  | eoACPwrQualityPhaseAvgCurrent       |   |    |
                  | eoACPwrQualityAvgCurrent            |   |    |
                  | eoACPwrQualityFrequency             |   |    |
                  | eoACPwrQualityPowerUnitMultiplier   |   |    |
                  | eoACPwrQualityPowerAccuracy         |   |    |
                  | eoACPwrQualityPhaseActivePower      |   |    |
                  | eoACPwrQualityPhaseReactivePower    |   |    |
                  | eoACPwrQualityPhaselApparentPower   |   |    |
                  | eoACPwrQualityPhaseImpedance        |   |    |
                  +-------------------------------------+   |    |
                                                            |    |
                                                            |    |
                +---------------------------------------------+  |
                |  Power Quality DEL Configuration            |  |
                |                                             |  |
                | eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseToNextPhaseVoltage    |  |
                | eoACPwrQualityDelThdPhaseToNextPhaseVoltage |  |
                | eoACPwrQualityDelThdCurrent                 |  |
     
     
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                +---------------------------------------------+  |
                                                                 |
                                                                 |
                    +---------------------------------------------+
                    |  Power Quality WYE Configuration            |
                    |                                             |
                    | eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseToNeutralVoltage      |
                    | eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseCurrent               |
                    | eoACPwrQualityWyeThdPhaseToNeutralVoltage   |
                    +---------------------------------------------+
     
                 Figure 2: UML diagram for the powerQualityMIB
     
                        (*)   Link with the ENTITY-MIB
     
     
     5.1. Energy Object Information
     
        Refer to the "Energy Object Information" section in [EMAN-
        FRAMEWORK] for background information.  An energy aware device
        is considered as an instance of a Energy Object as defined in
        the [EMAN-FRAMEWORK].
     
        The Energy Object identity information is specified in the MIB
        ENERGY-AWARE-MIB module [EMAN-AWARE-MIB] primary table, i.e. the
        eoTable. In this table, every Energy Object SHOULD have a
        printable name eoName, and MUST HAVE a unique Energy Object
        index entPhysicalUris and entPhysicalIndex. The ENERGY-AWARE-MIB
        module returns the relationship (parent/child) between Energy
        Objects.
     
        EDITOR'S NOTE: this last sentence will have to be updated with
        terms such as Aggregator, Proxy, etc... when the [EMAN-
        FRAMEWORK] will stabilize.
     
     
     5.2. Power State
     
        Refer to the "Power States" section in [EMAN-FRAMEWORK] for
        background information.
     
        An Energy Object may have energy conservation modes called Power
        States.  Between the ON and OFF states of a device, there can be
        several intermediate energy saving modes.  Those energy saving
        modes are called as Power States.
     
        Power States, which represent universal states of power
        management of  an Energy Object, are specified by the
     
     
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        eoPowerState MIB object.  The actual Power State is specified by
        the eoPowerOperState MIB object, while the eoPowerAdminState MIB
        object specifies the Power State requested for the Energy
        Object.  The difference between the values of eoPowerOperState
        and eoPowerAdminState  can be attributed that the Energy Object
        is busy transitioning from eoPowerAdminState into the
        eoPowerOperState, at which point it will update the content of
        eoPowerOperState.  In addition, the possible reason for change
        in Power State is reported in eoPowerStateEnterReason.
        Regarding eoPowerStateEnterReason, management stations and
        Energy Objects should support any format of the owner string
        dictated by the local policy of the organization.  It is
        suggested that this name contain at least the reason for the
        transition change, and one or more of the following: IP address,
        management station name, network manager's name, location, or
        phone number.
     
        The MIB objects eoPowerOperState, eoPowerAdminState , and
        eoPowerStateEnterReason are contained in the eoPowerTable MIB
        table.
     
        The eoPowerStateTable table enumerates the maximum power usage
        in watts, for every single supported Power State of each Power
        State Set supported by the Energy Object. In addition,
        PowerStateTable provides additional statistics:
        eoPowerStateEnterCount, the number of times an entity has
        visited a particular Power State, and eoPowerStateTotalTime, the
        total time spent in a particular Power State of an Energy
        Object.
     
     
     5.2.1. Power State Set
     
        There are several standards and implementations of Power State
        Sets.  A Energy Object can support one or multiple Power State
        Set implementation(s) concurrently.
     
        There are currently three Power State Sets advocated:
     
          unknown(0)
          IEEE1621(256) - [IEEE1621]
          DMTF(512)     - [DMTF]
          EMAN(1024)    - [EMAN-MONITORING-MIB]
     
       The respective specific states related to each Power State Set
        are specified in the following sections. The guidelines for
        addition of new Power State Sets have been specified in the IANA
        Considerations Section.
     
     
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     5.2.2. IEEE1621 Power State Set
     
        The IEEE1621 Power State Set [IEEE1621] consists of 3
        rudimentary states : on, off or sleep.
          on(0)    - The device is fully On and all features of the
        device are in working mode.
          off(1)   - The device is mechanically switched off and does
        not consume energy.
          sleep(2) - The device is in a power saving mode, and some
        features may not be available immediately.
     
        The Textual Convention IANAPowerStateSet provides the proposed
        numbering of the Power States within the IEEE1621 Power State
        Set.
     
     
     5.2.3. DMTF Power State Set
     
        DMTF [DMTF] standards organization has defined a power profile
        standard based on the CIM (Common Information Model) model that
        consists of 15 power states ON (2), SleepLight (3), SleepDeep
        (4), Off-Hard (5), Off-Soft (6), Hibernate(7), PowerCycle Off-
        Soft (8), PowerCycle Off-Hard (9), MasterBus reset (10),
        Diagnostic Interrupt (11), Off-Soft-Graceful (12), Off-Hard
        Graceful (13), MasterBus reset Graceful (14), Power-Cycle Off-
        Soft Graceful (15), PowerCycle-Hard Graceful (16).  DMTF
        standard is targeted for hosts and computers.  Details of the
        semantics of each Power State within the DMTF Power State Set
        can be obtained from the DMTF Power State Management Profile
        specification [DMTF].
     
        DMTF power profile extends ACPI power states.  The following
        table provides a mapping between DMTF and ACPI Power State Set:
     
              ---------------------------------------------------
              |  DMTF                             | ACPI        |
              |  Power State                      | Power State |
              ---------------------------------------------------
              | Reserved(0)                       |             |
              ---------------------------------------------------
              | Reserved(1)                       |             |
              ---------------------------------------------------
              | ON (2)                            | G0-S0       |
              --------------------------------------------------
              | Sleep-Light (3)                   | G1-S1 G1-S2 |
              --------------------------------------------------
     
     
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              | Sleep-Deep (4)                    | G1-S3       |
              --------------------------------------------------
              | Power Cycle (Off-Soft) (5)        | G2-S5       |
              ---------------------------------------------------
              | Off-hard (6)                      | G3          |
              ---------------------------------------------------
              | Hibernate (Off-Soft) (7)          | G1-S4       |
              ---------------------------------------------------
              | Off-Soft (8)                      | G2-S5       |
              ---------------------------------------------------
              | Power Cycle (Off-Hard) (9)        | G3          |
              ---------------------------------------------------
              | Master Bus Reset (10)             | G2-S5       |
              ---------------------------------------------------
              | Diagnostic Interrupt (11)         | G2-S5       |
              ---------------------------------------------------
              | Off-Soft Graceful (12)            | G2-S5       |
              ---------------------------------------------------
              | Off-Hard Graceful (13)            | G3          |
              ---------------------------------------------------
              | MasterBus Reset Graceful (14)     | G2-S5       |
              ---------------------------------------------------
              | Power Cycle off-soft Graceful (15)| G2-S5       |
              ---------------------------------------------------
              | Power Cycle off-hard Graceful (16)| G3          |
              ---------------------------------------------------
           Figure 3: DMTF and ACPI Powe State Set Mapping
     
     
        The Textual Convention IANAPowerStateSet contains the proposed
        numbering of the Power States within the DMTF Power State Set.
     
     
     5.2.4. EMAN Power State Set
     
        The EMAN Power State Set represents an attempt for a uniform
        standard approach to model the different levels of power
        consumption of a device.  The EMAN Power States are an expansion
        of the basic Power States as defined in IEEE1621 that also
        incorporate the Power States defined in ACPI and DMTF.
        Therefore, in addition to the non-operational states as defined
        in ACPI and DMTF standards, several intermediate operational
        states have been defined.
     
        There are twelve Power States, that expand on IEEE1621 on,sleep
        and off.  The expanded list of Power States are divided into six
     
     
     
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        operational states, and six non-operational states.  The lowest
        non-operational state is 1 and the highest is 6.  Each non-
        operational state corresponds to an ACPI state [ACPI]
        corresponding to Global and System states between G3 (hard-off)
        and G1 (sleeping). For Each operational state represent a
        performance state, and may be mapped to ACPI states P0 (maximum
        performance power) through P5 (minimum performance and minimum
        power).
     
        An Energy Object may have fewer Power States than twelve and
        would then map several policy states to the same power state.
        Energy Object with more than twelve states, would choose which
        twelve to represent as power policy states.
     
        In each of the non-operational states (from mechoff(1) to
        ready(6)), the Power State preceding it is expected to have a
        lower power consumption and a longer delay in returning to an
        operational state:
     
        IEEE1621 Power(off):
     
                 mechoff(1)  : An off state where no entity features are
                               available.  The entity is unavailable.
                               No energy is being consumed and the power
                               connector can be removed.  This
                               corresponds to ACPI state G3.
     
                 softoff(2)  : Similar to mechoff(1), but some
                               components remain powered or receive
                               trace power so that the entity
                               can be awakened from its off state.  In
                               softoff(2), no context is saved and the
                               device typically requires a complete boot
                               when awakened.  This corresponds to ACPI
                               state G2.
     
        IEEE1621 Power(sleep)
     
                 hibernate(3): No entity features are available.  The
                               entity may be awakened without requiring
                               a complete boot, but the time for
                               availability is longer than sleep(4). An
                               example for state hibernate(3) is a save
                               to-disk state where DRAM context is not
                               maintained. Typically, energy consumption
                               is zero or close to zero.  This
                               corresponds to state G1, S4 in ACPI.
     
     
     
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                 sleep(4)    : No entity features are available, except
                               for out-of-band management, for example
                               wake-up mechanisms. The time for
                               availability is longer than standby(5).
                               An example for state sleep(4) is a save-
                               to-RAM state, where DRAM context is
                               maintained.  Typically, energy
                               consumption is close to zero. This
                               corresponds to state G1, S3 in ACPI.
     
                 standby(5) : No entity features are available, except
                              for out-of-band management, for example
                              wake-up mechanisms. This mode is analogous
                              to cold-standy.  The time for availability
                              is longer than ready(6).  For example, the
                              processor context is not maintained.
                              Typically, energy consumption is close to
                              zero. This corresponds to state G1, S2 in
                              ACPI.
     
                 ready(6)    : No entity features are available, except
                               for out-of-band management, for example
                               wake-up mechanisms. This mode is
                               analogous to hot-standby.  The entity can
                               be quickly transitioned into an
                               operational state.  For example,
                               processors are not executing, but
                               processor context is maintained. This
                               corresponds to state G1, S1 in ACPI.
     
        IEEE1621 Power(on):
     
                 lowMinus(7) : Indicates some entity features may not be
                               available and the entity has selected
                               measures/options to provide less than
                               low(8) usage.  This corresponds to
                               ACPI State G0. This includes operational
                               states lowMinus(7) to full(12).
     
                 low(8)      : Indicates some features may not be
                               available and the entity has taken
                               measures or selected options to provide
                               less than mediumMinus(9) usage.
     
                 mediumMinus(9): Indicates all entity features are
                               available but the entity has taken
                               measures or selected options to provide
                               less than medium(10) usage.
     
     
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                 medium(10)  : Indicates all entity features are
                               available but the entity has taken
                               measures or selected options to provide
                               less than highMinus(11) usage.
     
                 highMinus(11): Indicates all entity features are
                                available and power usage is less
                                than high(12).
     
                 high(12)    : Indicates all entity features are
                               available and the entity is consuming the
                               highest power.
     
        The Textual Convention IANAPowerStateSet contains the proposed
        numbering of the Power States within the EMAN Power State Set.
     
     
     
     5.3. Energy Object Usage Information
     
        Refer to the "Energy Object Usage Measurement" section in [EMAN-
        FRAMEWORK] for background information.
     
        For an Energy Object, power usage is reported using eoPower.
        The magnitude of measurement is based on the
        eoPowerUnitMultiplier MIB variable, based on the UnitMultiplier
        Textual Convention (TC). Power measurement magnitude should
        conform to the IEC 62053-21 [IEC.62053-21] and IEC 62053-22
        [IEC.62053-22]  definition of unit multiplier for the SI (System
        International) units of measure.  Measured values are
        represented in SI units obtained by BaseValue * 10 raised to the
        power of the scale.
     
        For example, if current power usage of an Energy Object is 3, it
        could be 3 W, 3 mW, 3 KW, or 3 MW, depending on the value of
        eoPowerUnitMultiplier.  Note that other measurements throughout
        the two MIB modules in this document use the same mechanism,
        including eoPowerStatePowerUnitMultiplier,
        eoEnergyUnitMultiplier, and eoACPwrQualityPowerUnitMultiplier.
     
        In addition to knowing the usage and magnitude, it is useful to
        know how a eoPower measurement was obtained.  An NMS can use
        this to account for the accuracy and nature of the reading
        between different implementations.  For this eoPowerOrigin
        describes whether the measurements were made at the device
        itself or from a remote source.  The eoPowerMeasurementCaliber
        describes the method that was used to measure the power and can
     
     
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        distinguish actual or estimated values.  There may be devices in
        the network, which may not be able to measure or report power
        consumption. For those devices, the object
        eoPowerMeasurementCaliber shall report that measurement
        mechanism is "unavailable" and the eoPower measurement shall be
        "0".
     
        The nameplate power rating of an Energy Object is specified in
        eoPowerNameplate MIB object.
     
     
     5.4. Optional Power Usage Quality
     
        Refer to the "Optional Power Usage Quality" section in [EMAN-
        FRAMEWORK] for background information.
     
        The optional powerQualityMIB MIB module can be implemented to
        further describe power usage quality measurement.  The
        powerQualityMIB MIB module adheres closely to the IEC 61850 7-2
        standard to describe AC measurements.
     
        The powerQualityMIB MIB module contains a primary table, the
        eoACPwrQualityTable table, that defines power quality
        measurements for supported  entPhysicalIndex entities, as a
        sparse extension of the eoPowerTable (with entPhysicalIndex as
        primary index).  This eoACPwrQualityTable table contains such
        information as the configuration (single phase, DEL 3 phases,
        WYE 3 phases), voltage, frequency, power accuracy, total
        active/reactive power/apparent power, amperage, and voltage.
     
        In case of 3-phase power, the eoACPwrQualityPhaseTable
        additional table is populated with power quality measurements
        per phase (so double indexed by the entPhysicalIndex and
        eoPhaseIndex).  This table, which describes attributes common to
        both WYE and DEL configurations, contains the average current,
        active/reactive/apparent power, power factor, and impedance.
     
        In case of 3-phase power with a DEL configuration, the
        eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseTable table describes the phase-to-phase
        power quality measurements, i.e., voltage and current.
     
        In case of 3-phase power with a Wye configuration, the
        eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseTable table describes the phase-to-neutral
        power quality measurements, i.e., voltage and current.
     
     
     
     
     
     
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     5.5. Optional Energy Measurement
     
        Refer to the "Optional Energy and demand Measurement" section in
        [EMAN-FRAMEWORK] for the definition and terminology information.
     
        It is relevant to measure energy when there are actual power
        measurements from an Energy Object, and not when the power
        measurement is assumed or predicted as specified in the
        description clause of the object eoPowerMeasurementCaliber.
     
        Two tables are introduced to characterize energy measurement of
        an Energy Object: eoEnergyTable and eoEnergyParametersTable.
        Both energy and demand information can be represented via the
        eoEnergyTable. Energy information will be an accumulation with
        no interval. Demand information can be represented.
        The eoEnergyParametersTable consists of the parameters defining
        eoEnergyParametersIndex, an index of that specifies the setting
        for collection of energy measurements for an Energy Object,
        eoEnergyObjectIndex, linked to the entPhysicalIndex of the
        Energy Object, the duration of measurement intervals in seconds,
        (eoEnergyParametersIntervalLength), the number of successive
        intervals to be stored in the eoEnergyTable,
        (eoEnergyParametersIntervalNumber), the type of measurement
        technique (eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode), and a sample rate
        used to calculate the average (eoEnergyParametersSampleRate).
        Judicious choice of the sampling rate will ensure accurate
        measurement of energy while not imposing an excessive polling
        burden.
     
        There are three eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode types used for
        energy measurement collection: period, sliding, and total. The
        choices of the the three different modes of collection are based
        on IEC standard 61850-7-4.  Note that multiple
        eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode types MAY be configured
        simultaneously. It is important to note that for a given Energy
        Object, multiple modes (periodic, total, sliding window) of
        energy measurement collection can be configured with the use of
        eoEnergyParametersIndex. However, simultaneous measurement in
        multiple modes for a given Energy Object depends on the Energy
        Object capability.
     
     
        These three eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode types are illustrated
        by the following three figures, for which:
     
        - The horizontal axis represents the current time, with the
        symbol <--- L ---> expressing the
        eoEnergyParametersIntervalLength, and the
     
     
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        eoEnergyCollectionStartTime is represented by S1, S2, S3, S4,
        ..., Sx where x is the value of
        eoEnergyParametersIntervalNumber.
     
        - The vertical axis represents the time interval of sampling and
        the value of eoEnergyConsumed  can be obtained at the end of the
        sampling period.  The symbol =========== denotes the duration of
        the sampling period.
     
     
     
              |             |             | =========== |
              |============ |             |             |
              |             |             |             |
              |             |============ |             |
              |             |             |             |
              | <--- L ---> | <--- L ---> | <--- L ---> |
              |             |             |             |
             S1            S2            S3             S4
     
                Figure 4 : Period eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode
     
        A eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode type of 'period' specifies non-
        overlapping periodic measurements.  Therefore, the next
        eoEnergyCollectionStartTime is equal to the previous
        eoEnergyCollectionStartTime plus
        eoEnergyParametersIntervalLength. S2=S1+L; S3=S2+L, ...
     
     
                       |============ |
                       |             |
                       | <--- L ---> |
                       |             |
                       |   |============ |
                       |   |             |
                       |   | <--- L ---> |
                       |   |             |
                       |   |   |============ |
                       |   |   |             |
                       |   |   | <--- L ---> |
                       |   |   |             |
                       |   |   |   |============ |
                       |   |   |   |             |
                       |   |   |   | <--- L ---> |
                      S1   |   |   |             |
                           |   |   |             |
                           |   |   |             |
                          S2   |   |             |
     
     
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                               |   |             |
                               |   |             |
                              S3   |             |
                                   |             |
                                   |             |
                                  S4
     
               Figure 5 : Sliding eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode
     
        A eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode type of 'sliding' specifies
        overlapping periodic measurements.
     
     
        |                          |
        |========================= |
        |                          |
        |                          |
        |                          |
        |  <--- Total length --->  |
        |                          |
                         S1
     
                Figure 6  : Total eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode
     
        A eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode type of 'total' specifies a
        continuous measurement since the last reset.  The value of
        eoEnergyParametersIntervalNumber should be (1) one and
        eoEnergyParametersIntervalLength is ignored.
     
        The eoEnergyParametersStatus is used to start and stop energy
        usage logging.  The status of this variable is "active"  when
        all the objects in eoEnergyParametersTable are appropriate which
        in turn indicates if eoEnergyTable entries exist or not.
     
        The eoEnergyTable consists of energy measurements in
        eoEnergyConsumed, eoEnergyProduced and eoEnergyNet , the units
        of the measured energy eoEnergyUnitMultiplier, and the maximum
        observed energy within a window, eoEnergyMaxConsumed,
        eoEnergyMaxProduced.
     
        Measurements of the total energy consumed by an Energy Object
        may suffer from interruptions in the continuous measurement of
        energy consumption.  In order to indicate such interruptions,
        the object eoEnergyDiscontinuityTime is provided for indicating
        the time of the last interruption of total energy measurement.
        eoEnergyDiscontinuityTime shall indicate the sysUpTime [RFC3418]
        when the device was reset.
     
     
     
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        The following example illustrates the eoEnergyTable and
        eoEnergyParametersTable:
     
        First, in order to estimate energy, a time interval to sample
        energy should be specified, i.e.
        eoEnergyParametersIntervalLength can be set to "900 seconds" or
        15 minutes and the number of consecutive intervals over which
        the maximum energy is calculated
        (eoEnergyParametersIntervalNumber) as "10". The sampling rate
        internal to the Energy Object for measurement of power usage
        (eoEnergyParametersSampleRate) can be "1000 milliseconds", as
        set by the Energy Object as a reasonable value.  Then, the
        eoEnergyParametersStatus is set to active (value 1) to indicate
        that the Energy Object should start monitoring the usage per the
        eoEnergyTable.
     
        The indices for  the eoEnergyTable are  eoEnergyParametersIndex
        which identifies the index for the setting of energy measurement
        collection Energy Object, and eoEnergyCollectionStartTime, which
        denotes the start time of the energy measurement interval based
        on sysUpTime [RFC3418].  The value of eoEnergyComsumed  is the
        measured energy consumption over the time interval specified
        (eoEnergyParametersIntervalLength) based on the Energy Object
        internal sampling rate (eoEnergyParametersSampleRate).  While
        choosing the values for the eoEnergyParametersIntervalLength and
        eoEnergyParametersSampleRate, it is recommended to take into
        consideration either the network element resources adequate to
        process and store the sample values, and the mechanism used to
        calculate the eoEnergyConsumed.  The units are derived from
        eoEnergyUnitMultiplier.  For example, eoEnergyConsumed can be
        "100" with eoEnergyUnitMultiplier  equal to 0, the measured
        energy consumption of the Energy Object is 100 watt-hours.  The
        eoEnergyMaxConsumed is the maximum energy observed and that can
        be "150 watt-hours".
     
        The eoEnergyTable has a buffer to retain a certain number of
        intervals, as defined by eoEnergyParametersIntervalNumber.  If
        the default value of "10" is kept, then the eoEnergyTable
        contains 10 energy measurements, including the maximum.
     
        Here is a brief explanation of how the maximum energy can be
        calculated.  The first observed energy measurement value is
        taken to be the initial maximum.  With each subsequent
        measurement, based on numerical comparison, maximum energy may
        be updated.  The maximum value is retained as long as the
        measurements are taking place.  Based on periodic polling of
        this table, an NMS could compute the maximum over a longer
        period, i.e. a month, 3 months, or a year.
     
     
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     5.6. Fault Management
     
        [EMAN-REQ] specifies requirements about Power States such as
        "the current power state" , "the time of the last state change",
        "the total time spent in each state", "the number of transitions
        to each state" etc. Some of these requirements are fulfilled
        explicitly by MIB objects such as eoPowerOperState,
        eoPowerStateTotalTime and eoPowerStateEnterCount.  Some of the
        other requirements are met via the SNMP NOTIFICATION mechanism.
        eoPowerStateChange SNMP notification which is generated when the
        value(s) of ,eoPowerStateIndex, eoPowerOperState,
        eoPowerAdminState have changed.
     
     
     6. Discovery
     
        It is foreseen that most Energy Objects will require the
        implementation of the ENERGY-AWARE MIB [EMAN-AWARE-MIB] as a
        prerequisite for this MIB module. In such a case, eoPowerTable
        of the EMAN-MON-MIB is a sparse extension of the eoTable of
        ENERGY-AWARE-MIB. Every Energy Object MUST implement
        entPhysicalIndex, entPhysicalUris and entPhysicalName
        from the ENTITY-MIB [RFC4133]. As the index for the primary
        Energy Object, entPhysicalIndex is used.
     
        The NMS must first poll the ENERGY-AWARE-MIB module [EMAN-AWARE-
        MIB], if available, in order to discover all the Energy Objects
        and the relationships between those (notion of Parent/Child).
        In the ENERGY-AWARE-MIB module tables, the Energy Objects are
        indexed by the entPhysicalIndex.
     
        If an implementation of the ENERGY-AWARE-MIB module is available
        in the local SNMP context, for the same Energy Object, the
        entPhysicalIndex value (EMAN-AWARE-MIB) shall be used.  The
        entPhysicalIndex characterizes the  Energy Object in the
        energyObjectMib and powerQualityMIB MIB modules (this document).
     
        From there, the NMS must poll the eoPowerStateTable (specified
        in the energyObjectMib module in this document), which
        enumerates, amongst other things, the maximum power usage. As
        the entries in eoPowerStateTable table are indexed by the
        Energy Object ( entPhysicalIndex), by the Power State Set
        (eoPowerStateIndex), the maximum power usage is discovered per
     
     
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        Energy Object, per Power State Set, and per Power Usage.  In
        other words, polling the eoPowerStateTable allows the discovery
        of each Power State within every Power State Set supported by
        the  Energy Object.
     
        If the Energy Object is an Aggregator or a Proxy, the MIB module
        would be populated with the Energy Object Parent and Children
        information, which have their own Energy Object index value (
        entPhysicalIndex).  However, the parent/child relationship must
        be discovered thanks to the ENERGY-AWARE-MIB module.
     
        Finally, the NMS can monitor the Power Quality thanks to the
        powerQualityMIB MIB module, which reuses the entPhysicalIndex to
        index the  Energy Object.
     
     
     
     
     7. Link with the other IETF MIBs
     
     
     7.1. Link with the ENTITY-MIB and the ENTITY-SENSOR MIB
     
        RFC 4133 [RFC4133] defines the ENTITY-MIB module that lists the
        physical entities of a networking device (router, switch, etc.)
        and those physical entities indexed by entPhysicalIndex.  From
        an energy-management standpoint, the physical entities that
        consume or produce energy are of interest.
     
        RFC 3433 [RFC3433] defines the ENTITY-SENSOR MIB module that
        provides a standardized way of obtaining information (current
        value of the sensor, operational status of the sensor, and the
        data units precision) from sensors embedded in networking
        devices.  Sensors are associated with each index of
        entPhysicalIndex of the ENTITY-MIB[RFC4133].  While the focus of
        the Power and Energy Monitoring MIB is on measurement of power
        usage of networking equipment indexed by the ENTITY MIB, this
        MIB proposes a customized power scale for power measurement and
        different power state states of networking equipment, and
        functionality to configure the power state states.
     
        When this MIB module is used to monitor the power usage of
        devices like routers and switches, the ENTITY-MIB and ENTITY-
        SENSOR MIB SHOULD be implemented.  In such cases, the Energy
        Objects are modeled by the entPhysicalIndex through the
        entPhysicalEntity MIB object specified in the eoTable in the
        ENERGY-AWARE-MIB MIB module [EMAN-AWARE-MIB].
     
     
     
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        However, the ENTITY-SENSOR MIB [RFC3433] does not have the ANSI
        C12.x accuracy classes required for electricity (i.e., 1%, 2%,
        0.5% accuracy classes). Indeed, entPhySensorPrecision [RFC3433]
        represents "The number of decimal places of precision in fixed-
        point sensor values returned by the associated entPhySensorValue
        object".  The ANSI and IEC Standards are used for power
        measurement and these standards require that we use an accuracy
        class, not the scientific-number precision model specified in
        RFC3433.  The eoPowerAccuracy MIB object models this accuracy.
        Note that eoPowerUnitMultipler represents the scale factor per
        IEC 62053-21 [IEC.62053-21] and IEC 62053-22 [IEC.62053-22],
        which is a more logical representation for power measurements
        (compared to entPhySensorScale), with the mantissa and the
        exponent values X * 10 ^ Y.
     
        Power measurements specifying the qualifier 'UNITS' for each
        measured value in watts are used in the LLDP-EXT-MED-MIB, POE
        [RFC3621], and UPS [RFC1628] MIBs.  The same 'UNITS' qualifier
        is used for the power measurement values.
     
        One cannot assume that the ENTITY-MIBand ENTITY-SENSOR MIB are
        implemented for all Energy Objects that need to be monitored.  A
        typical example is a converged building gateway, monitoring
        several other devices in the building, doing the proxy between
        SNMP and a protocol like BACNET.  Another example is the home
        energy controller.  In such cases, the eoPhysicalEntity value
        contains the zero value, thanks to PhysicalIndexOrZero textual
        convention.
     
        The eoPower is similar to entPhySensorValue [RFC3433] and the
        eoPowerUnitMultipler is similar to entPhySensorScale.
     
     
     7.2. Link with the ENTITY-STATE MIB
     
        For each entity in the ENTITY-MIB [RFC4133], the ENTITY-STATE
        MIB [RFC4268] specifies the operational states (entStateOper:
        unknown, enabled, disabled, testing), the alarm (entStateAlarm:
        unknown, underRepair, critical, major, minor, warning,
        indeterminate) and the possible values of standby states
        (entStateStandby: unknown, hotStandby, coldStandby,
        providingService).
     
        From a power monitoring point of view, in contrast to the entity
        operational states of entities, Power States are required, as
        proposed in the Power and Energy Monitoring MIB module.  Those
        Power States can be mapped to the different operational states
        in the ENTITY-STATE MIB, if a formal mapping is required.  For
     
     
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        example, the entStateStandby "unknown", "hotStandby",
        "coldStandby", states could map to the Power State "unknown",
        "ready", "standby", respectively, while the entStateStandby
        "providingService" could map to any "low" to "high" Power State.
     
     
     7.3. Link with the POWER-OVER-ETHERNET MIB
     
        Power-over-Ethernet MIB [RFC3621] provides an energy monitoring
        and configuration framework for power over Ethernet devices.
        The RFC introduces a concept of a port group on a switch to
        define power monitoring and management policy and does not use
        the entPhysicalIndex as the index.  Indeed, the
        pethMainPseConsumptionPower is indexed by the
        pethMainPseGroupIndex, which has no mapping with the
        entPhysicalIndex.
     
        One cannot assume that the Power-over-Ethernet MIB is
        implemented for all Energy Objects that need to be monitored.  A
        typical example is a converged building gateway, monitoring
        several other devices in the building, doing the proxy between
        SNMP and a protocol like BACNET.  Another example is the home
        energy controller.  In such cases, the eoethPortIndex and
        eoethPortGrpIndex values contain the zero value, thanks to new
        PethPsePortIndexOrZero and textual PethPsePortGroupIndexOrZero
        conventions.
     
        However, if the Power-over-Ethernet MIB [RFC3621] is supported,
        the Energy Object eoethPortIndex and eoethPortGrpIndex contain
        the pethPsePortIndex and pethPsePortGroupIndex, respectively.
     
        As a consequence, the entPhysicalIndex MIB object has been kept
        as the unique Energy Object index.
     
        Note that, even though the Power-over-Ethernet MIB [RFC3621] was
        created after the ENTITY-SENSOR MIB [RFC3433], it does not reuse
        the precision notion from the ENTITY-SENSOR MIB, i.e. the
        entPhySensorPrecision MIB object.
     
     
     7.4. Link with the UPS MIB
     
        To protect against unexpected power disruption, data centers and
        buildings make use of Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS).  To
        protect critical assets, a UPS can be restricted to a particular
        subset or domain of the network.  UPS usage typically lasts only
        for a finite period of time, until normal power supply is
        restored.  Planning is required to decide on the capacity of the
     
     
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        UPS based on output power and duration of probable power outage.
        To properly provision UPS power in a data center or building, it
        is important to first understand the total demand required to
        support all the entities in the site.  This demand can be
        assessed and monitored via the Power and Energy Monitoring MIB.
     
        UPS MIB [RFC1628] provides information on the state of the UPS
        network.  Implementation of the UPS MIB is useful at the
        aggregate level of a data center or a building.  The MIB module
        contains several groups of variables:
     
        - upsIdent: Identifies the UPS entity (name, model, etc.).
     
        - upsBattery group: Indicates the battery state
        (upsbatteryStatus, upsEstimatedMinutesRemaining, etc.)
     
        - upsInput group: Characterizes the input load to the UPS
        (number of input lines, voltage, current, etc.).
     
        - upsOutput: Characterizes the output from the UPS (number of
        output lines, voltage, current, etc.)
     
        - upsAlarms: Indicates the various alarm events.
     
        The measurement of power in the UPS MIB is in Volts, Amperes and
        Watts.  The units of power measurement are RMS volts and RMS
        Amperes. They are not based on the EntitySensorDataScale and
        EntitySensorDataPrecision of ENTITY-SENSOR-MIB.
     
        Both the Power and Energy Monitoring MIB and the UPS MIB may be
        implemented on the same UPS SNMP agent, without conflict.  In
        this case, the UPS device itself is the Energy Object Parent and
        any of the UPS meters or submeters are the Energy Object
        Children.
     
     
     7.5. Link with the LLDP and LLDP-MED MIBs
     
        The LLDP Protocol is a Data Link Layer protocol used by network
        devices to advertise their identities, capabilities, and
        interconnections on a LAN network.
     
        The Media Endpoint Discovery is an enhancement of LLDP, known as
        LLDP-MED.  The LLDP-MED enhancements specifically address voice
        applications.  LLDP-MED covers 6 basic areas: capability
        discovery, LAN speed and duplex discovery, network policy
        discovery, location identification discovery, inventory
        discovery, and power discovery.
     
     
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        Of particular interest to the current MIB module is the power
        discovery, which allows the endpoint device (such as a PoE
        phone) to convey power requirements to the switch.  In power
        discovery, LLDP-MED has four Type Length Values (TLVs): power
        type, power source, power priority and power value.
        Respectively, those TLVs provide information related to the type
        of power (power sourcing entity versus powered device), how the
        device is powered (from the line, from a backup source, from
        external power source, etc.), the power priority (how important
        is it that this device has power?), and how much power the
        device needs.
     
        The power priority specified in the LLDP-MED MIB [LLDP-MED-MIB]
        actually comes from the Power-over-Ethernet MIB [RFC3621]. If
        the Power-over-Ethernet MIB [RFC3621] is supported, the exact
        value from the pethPsePortPowerPriority [RFC3621] is copied over
        in the lldpXMedRemXPoEPDPowerPriority [LLDP-MED-MIB]; otherwise
        the value in lldpXMedRemXPoEPDPowerPriority is "unknown". From
        the Power and Energy Monitoring MIB, it is possible to identify
        the pethPsePortPowerPriority [RFC3621], thanks to the
        eoethPortIndex and eoethPortGrpIndex.
     
        The lldpXMedLocXPoEPDPowerSource [LLDP-MED-MIB] is similar to
        eoPowerOrigin in indicating if the power for an attached device
        is local or from a remote device. If the LLDP-MED MIB is
        supported, the following mapping can be applied to the
        eoPowerOrigin: lldpXMedLocXPoEPDPowerSource fromPSE(2) and
        local(3) can be mapped to remote(2) and self(1), respectively.
     
     
     
     
     
     
     8. Implementation Scenario
     
     
        This section provides an illustrative example scenario for the
        implementation of the Energy Object, including Energy Object
        Parent and Energy Object Child relationships.
     
        Example Scenario of a campus network: Switch with PoE Endpoints
        with further connected Devices
     
        The campus network consists of switches that provide LAN
        connectivity.  The switch with PoE ports is located in wiring
        closet.  PoE IP phones are connected to the switch.  The IP
     
     
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        phones draw power from the PoE ports of the switch.  In
        addition, a PC is daisy-chained from the IP phone for LAN
        connectivity.
     
        The IP phone consumes power from the PoE switch, while the PC
        consumes power from the wall outlet.
     
        The switch has implementations of  ENTITY-MIB [RFC4133] and
        ENERGY-AWARE MIB [EMAN-AWARE-MIB] while the PC does not have
        implementation of the ENTITY-MIB, but has an implementation of
        ENERGY-AWARE MIB [EMAN-AWARE-MIB].  The switch has the following
        attributes, entPhysicalIndex "1", and eoUUID "UUID 1000".  The
        power usage of the switch is "440 Watts".  The switch does not
        have an Energy Object Parent.
     
        The PoE switch port has the following attributes: The switch
        port has entPhysicalIndex "3", and eoUUID is "UUID 1000:3".  The
        power metered at the POE switch port is "12 watts".  In this
        example, the POE switch port has the switch as the Energy Object
        Parent, with its eoParentID of "1000".
     
        The attributes of the PC are given below.  The PC does not have
        an entPhysicalIndex,  andthe eoUUID is "UUID 1000:57 ".  The PC
        has an Energy Object Parent, i.e. the switch port whose eoUUID
        is "UUID 1000:3".  The power usage of the PC is "120 Watts" and
        is communicated to the switch port.
     
        This example illustrates the important distinction between the
        Energy Object Children: The IP phone draws power from the
        switch, while the PC has LAN connectivity from the phone, but is
        powered from the wall outlet.  However, the Energy Object Parent
        sends power control messages to both the Energy Object Children
        (IP phone and PC) and the Children react to those messages.
     
     
        |-------------------------------------------------------|
        |                            Switch                     |
        |=======================================================|
        |  Switch        |  Switch     | Switch     | Switch    |
        | entPhyIndx     |  UUID       |eoParentId  | eoPower   |
        | ===================================================== |
        |     1          |  UUID 1000  |    null    |   440     |
        | ===================================================== |
        |                                                       |
        |                           SWITCH PORT                 |
        | ===================================================== |
        | | Switch      |   Switch     | Switch     | Switch    |
        | | Port        |    Port      | Port       | Port      |
     
     
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        | | entPhyIndx  |    UUID      | eoParentId | eoPower   |
        | ===================================================== |
        | |    3        | UUID 1000:3  | 1000       |  12       |
        | ======================================================|
        |                                   ^
        |                                   |
        |-----------------------------------|-------------------
                                            |
                                            |
                          POE IP PHONE      |
                                            |
                                            |
        ======================================================
        | IP phone    | IP phone    | IP phone   |  IP phone |
        | entPhyIndx  | UUID        | eoParentID |  eoPower  |
        ======================================================
        |  Null       | UUID 1000:31| UUID 1000:3 |  12      |
        =====================================================
                                             |
                                             |
        PC connected to switch via IP phone  |
                                             |
        ==================================================
        | PC       | PC          |PC          | PC       |
        |eoPhyIndx | UUID        |eoParentID  | eoPower  |
        ==================================================
        | Null     | UUID1000:57 | UUID 1000:3 | 120     |
        =================================================
     
     
                               Figure 1:  Example scenario
     
     
     
     9. Structure of the MIB
     
        The primary MIB object in this MIB module is the
        energyObjectMibObject.  The eoPowerTable table of
        energyObjectMibObject describes the power measurement attributes
        of an Energy Object entity. The notion of identity of the device
        in terms of uniquely identification of the Energy Object and its
        relationship to other entities in the network are addressed in
        [EMAN-AWARE-MIB].
     
        Logically, this MIB module is a sparse extension of the
        [EMAN-AWARE-MIB] module. Thus the following requirements which
        are applied to [EMAN-AWARE-MIB] are also applicable. As a
        requirement for this MIB module, [EMAN-AWARE-MIB] should be
     
     
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        implemented and the three MIB objects from ENTITY-MIB
        (entPhysicalIndex, entPhysicalName and entPhysicalUris) MUST be
        implemented.
     
     
        The power measurement of an Energy Object contains information
        describing its power usage (eoPower) and its current power state
        (eoPowerOperState). In addition to power usage, additional
        information describing the units of measurement
        (eoPowerAccuracy, eoPowerUnitMultiplier), how power usage
        measurement was obtained  (eoPowerMeasurementCaliber),  the
        source of power  (eoPowerOrigin) and the type of power
        (eoPowerCurrentTtype) are described.
     
     
        An Energy Object may contain an optional eoPowerQuality table
        that describes the electrical characteristics associated with
        the current power state and usage.
     
        An Energy Object may contain an optional eoEnergyTable to
        describe energy measurement information over time.
     
        An Energy Object may also contain optional battery information
        associated with this entity.
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     10. MIB Definitions
     
     
        -- ************************************************************
        --
        --
        -- This MIB is used to monitor power usage of network
        -- devices
        --
        -- *************************************************************
     
        ENERGY-OBJECT-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN
     
        IMPORTS
            MODULE-IDENTITY,
            OBJECT-TYPE,
     
     
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            NOTIFICATION-TYPE,
            mib-2,
            Integer32,  Counter32, TimeTicks
                FROM SNMPv2-SMI
            TEXTUAL-CONVENTION, DisplayString, RowStatus, TimeInterval,
            TimeStamp
                FROM SNMPv2-TC
            MODULE-COMPLIANCE, NOTIFICATION-GROUP, OBJECT-GROUP
                FROM SNMPv2-CONF
            OwnerString
                FROM RMON-MIB
            entPhysicalIndex, PhysicalIndex
               FROM ENTITY-MIB;
     
        energyObjectMib MODULE-IDENTITY
            LAST-UPDATED    "201202150000Z"     -- 15 March 2012
     
            ORGANIZATION    "IETF EMAN Working Group"
            CONTACT-INFO
                    "WG charter:
                    http://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/eman/charter/
     
                  Mailing Lists:
                     General Discussion: eman@ietf.org
     
                     To Subscribe:
                     https://www.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/eman
     
                     Archive:
                     http://www.ietf.org/mail-archive/web/eman
     
                  Editors:
                     Mouli Chandramouli
                     Cisco Systems, Inc.
                     Sarjapur Outer Ring Road
                     Bangalore,
                     IN
                     Phone: +91 80 4426 3947
                     Email: moulchan@cisco.com
     
                     Brad Schoening
                     44 Rivers Edge Drive
                     Little Silver, NJ 07739
                     US
                     Email: brad@bradschoening.com
     
                     Juergen Quittek
                     NEC Europe Ltd.
     
     
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                     NEC Laboratories Europe
                     Network Research Division
                     Kurfuersten-Anlage 36
                     Heidelberg  69115
                     DE
                     Phone: +49 6221 4342-115
                     Email: quittek@neclab.eu
     
                     Thomas Dietz
                     NEC Europe Ltd.
                     NEC Laboratories Europe
                     Network Research Division
                     Kurfuersten-Anlage 36
                     69115 Heidelberg
                     DE
                     Phone: +49 6221 4342-128
                     Email: Thomas.Dietz@nw.neclab.eu
     
                     Benoit Claise
                     Cisco Systems, Inc.
                     De Kleetlaan 6a b1
                     Degem 1831
                     Belgium
                     Phone:  +32 2 704 5622
                     Email: bclaise@cisco.com"
     
            DESCRIPTION
               "This MIB is used to monitor power and energy in
                devices.
     
                This table sparse extension of the eoTable
                from the ENERGY-AWARE-MIB. As a requirement
                [EMAN-AWARE-MIB] should be implemented and
                three MIB objects from ENTITY-MIB
               (entPhysicalIndex, entPhysicalName and
               entPhysicalUris)MUST be implemented. "
     
            REVISION
                  "201202150000Z"     -- 15 March 2012
     
            DESCRIPTION
               "Initial version, published as RFC XXXX."
     
           ::= { mib-2 xxx }
     
     
        energyObjectMibNotifs OBJECT IDENTIFIER
            ::= { energyObjectMib 0 }
     
     
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        energyObjectMibObjects OBJECT IDENTIFIER
            ::= { energyObjectMib 1 }
     
        energyObjectMibConform  OBJECT IDENTIFIER
            ::= { energyObjectMib 2 }
     
     
        -- Textual Conventions
     
     
     
     
        IANAPowerStateSet ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
            STATUS  current
            DESCRIPTION
     
               "IANAPowerState is a textual convention that describes
        Power State Sets and Power State Set Values an Energy Object
        supports. IANA has created a registry of Power State supported
        by an Energy Object and IANA shall administer the list of Power
        State Sets and Power States.
     
          The textual convention assumes that power states in a power
          state set are limited to 255 distinct values. For a Power
          State Set S, the named number with the value S * 256 is
          allocated to indicate the power state set. For a Power State X
          in the Power State S, the named number with the value S * 256
          + X + 1 is allocated to represent the power state."
     
            REFERENCE
               "http://www.iana.org/assignments/eman
          RFC EDITOR NOTE: please change the previous URL if this is
          not the correct one after IANA assigned it."
     
            SYNTAX      INTEGER {
                           other(0),        -- indicates other set
                           unknown(255),    -- unknown power state
     
                           ieee1621(256), -- indicates IEEE1621 set
                           ieee1621On(257),
                           ieee1621Off(258),
                           ieee1621Sleep(259),
     
                           dmtf(512),   -- indicates DMTF set
                           dmtfOn(513),
                           dmtfSleepLight(514),
                           dmtfSleepDeep(515),
     
     
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                           dmtfOffHard(516),
                           dmtfOffSoft(517),
                           dmtfHibernate(518),
                           dmtfPowerOffSoft(519),
                           dmtfPowerOffHard(520),
                           dmtfMasterBusReset(521),
                           dmtfDiagnosticInterrapt(522),
                           dmtfOffSoftGraceful(523),
                           dmtfOffHardGraceful(524),
                           dmtfMasterBusResetGraceful(525),
                           dmtfPowerCycleOffSoftGraceful(526),
                           dmtfPowerCycleHardGraceful(527),
     
                           eman(1024),       -- indicates EMAN set
                           emanmechoff(1025),
                           emansoftoff(1026),
                           emanhibernate(1027),
                           emansleep(1028),
                           emanstandby(1029),
                           emanready(1030),
                           emanlowMinus(1031),
                           emanlow(1032),
                           emanmediumMinus(1033),
                           emanmedium(1034),
                           emanhighMinus(1035),
                           emanhigh(1036)
                       }
     
        UnitMultiplier ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "The Unit Multiplier is an integer value that represents
               the IEEE 61850 Annex A units multiplier associated with
               the integer units used to measure the power or energy.
     
               For example, when used with eoPowerUnitMultiplier, -3
               represents 10^-3 or milliwatts."
            REFERENCE
                    "The International System of Units (SI),
                    National Institute of Standards and Technology,
                    Spec. Publ. 330, August 1991."
            SYNTAX INTEGER {
                yocto(-24),   -- 10^-24
                zepto(-21),   -- 10^-21
                atto(-18),    -- 10^-18
                femto(-15),   -- 10^-15
                pico(-12),    -- 10^-12
                nano(-9),     -- 10^-9
     
     
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                micro(-6),    -- 10^-6
                milli(-3),    -- 10^-3
                units(0),     -- 10^0
                kilo(3),      -- 10^3
                mega(6),      -- 10^6
                giga(9),      -- 10^9
                tera(12),     -- 10^12
                peta(15),     -- 10^15
                exa(18),      -- 10^18
                zetta(21),    -- 10^21
                yotta(24)     -- 10^24
            }
     
        -- Objects
     
     
        eoPowerTable OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          SEQUENCE OF EoPowerEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This table lists Energy Objects."
            ::= { energyObjectMibObjects 1 }
     
     
        eoPowerEntry OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          EoPowerEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "An entry describes the power usage of an Energy Object."
     
            INDEX        { entPhysicalIndex }
        ::= { eoPowerTable  1 }
     
        EoPowerEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
     
                eoPower                         Integer32,
                eoPowerNameplate                Integer32,
                eoPowerUnitMultiplier           UnitMultiplier,
                eoPowerAccuracy                 Integer32,
                eoPowerMeasurementCaliber       INTEGER,
                eoPowerCurrentType              INTEGER,
                eoPowerOrigin                   INTEGER,
                eoPowerAdminState               IANAPowerStateSet,
                eoPowerOperState                IANAPowerStateSet,
                eoPowerStateEnterReason         OwnerString
          }
     
     
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        eoPower OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "Watts"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This object indicates the power measured for the Energy
               Object. For alternating current, this value is obtained
               as an average over fixed number of AC cycles.  .  This
               value is specified in SI units of watts with the
               magnitude of watts (milliwatts, kilowatts, etc.)
               indicated separately in eoPowerUnitMultiplier. The
               accuracy of the measurement is specfied in
               eoPowerAccuracy. The direction of power flow is indicated
               by the sign on eoPower. If the Energy Object is consuming
               power, the eoPower value will be positive. If the Energy
               Object is producing power, the eoPower value will be
               negative.
     
               The eoPower MUST be less than or equal to the maximum
               power that can be consumed at the power state specified
               by eoPowerState.
     
               The eoPowerMeasurementCaliber object specifies how the
               usage value reported by eoPower was obtained. The eoPower
               value must report 0 if the eoPowerMeasurementCaliber is
               'unavailable'.  For devices that can not measure or
               report power, this option can be used."
            ::= { eoPowerEntry 1  }
     
     
        eoPowerNameplate OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "Watts"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This object indicates the rated maximum consumption for
               the fully populated Energy Object.  The nameplate power
               requirements are the maximum power numbers and in almost
               all cases, are well above the expected operational
               consumption.  The eoPowerNameplate is widely used for
               power provisioning.  This value is specified in either
               units of watts or voltage and current.  The units are
               therefore SI watts or equivalent Volt-Amperes with the
     
     
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               magnitude (milliwatts, kilowatts, etc.) indicated
               separately in eoPowerUnitMultiplier."
            ::= { eoPowerEntry 2  }
     
        eoPowerUnitMultiplier OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          UnitMultiplier
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "The magnitude of watts for the usage value in eoPower
               and eoPowerNameplate."
            ::= { eoPowerEntry 3  }
     
        eoPowerAccuracy OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32 (0..10000)
            UNITS           "hundredths of percent"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This object indicates a percentage value, in 100ths of a
               percent, representing the assumed accuracy of the usage
               reported by eoPower. For example: The value 1010 means
               the reported usage is accurate to +/- 10.1 percent.  This
               value is zero if the accuracy is unknown or not
               applicable based upon the measurement method.
     
               ANSI and IEC define the following accuracy classes for
               power measurement:
                    IEC 62053-22  60044-1 class 0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1  3.
                    ANSI C12.20 class 0.2, 0.5"
            ::= { eoPowerEntry 4  }
     
     
        eoPowerMeasurementCaliber   OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          INTEGER  {
                                unavailable(1) ,
                                unknown(2),
                                actual(3) ,
                                estimated(4),
                                presumed(5)                    }
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This object specifies how the usage value reported by
               eoPower was obtained:
     
               - unavailable(1): Indicates that the usage is not
               available. In such a case, the eoPower value must be 0
     
     
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               for devices that can not measure or report power this
               option can be used.
     
               - unknown(2): Indicates that the way the usage was
               determined is unknown. In some cases, entities report
               aggregate power on behalf of another device. In such
               cases it is not known whether the usage reported is
               actual(2), estimated(3) or presumed (4).
     
               - actual(3):  Indicates that the reported usage was
               measured by the entity through some hardware or direct
               physical means. The usage data reported is not presumed
               (4) or estimated (3) but the real apparent current energy
               consumption rate.
     
               - estimated(4): Indicates that the usage was not
               determined by physical measurement. The value is a
               derivation based upon the device type, state, and/or
               current utilization using some algorithm or heuristic. It
               is presumed that the entity's state and current
               configuration were used to compute the value.
     
              - presumed(5): Indicates that the usage was not
              determined by physical measurement, algorithm or
              derivation. The usage was reported based upon external
              tables, specifications, and/or model information.  For
              example, a PC Model X draws 200W, while a PC Model Y
              draws 210W"
     
         ::= { eoPowerEntry 5  }
     
        eoPowerCurrentType OBJECT-TYPE
              SYNTAX      INTEGER  {
                               ac(1),
                               dc(2),
                               unknown(3)
                           }
               MAX-ACCESS  read-only
               STATUS      current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This object indicates whether the eoUsage for the
               Energy Object reports alternative current AC(1), direct
               current DC(2), or that the current type is unknown(3)."
         ::= { eoPowerEntry 6  }
     
        eoPowerOrigin  OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          INTEGER  {
                                self (1),
     
     
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                                remote (2)
                            }
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This object indicates the source of power measurement
               and can be useful when modeling the power usage of
               attached devices. The power measurement can be performed
               by the entity itself or the power measurement of the
               entity can be reported by another trusted entity using a
               protocol extension.  A value of self(1) indicates the
               measurement is performed by the entity, whereas remote(2)
               indicates that the measurement was performed by another
               entity."
            ::= { eoPowerEntry 7  }
     
        eoPowerAdminState OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          IANAPowerStateSet
            MAX-ACCESS      read-write
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "This object specifies the desired Power State and the
                Power State Set for the Energy Object. Note that
                other(0) is not a Power State Set and unknown(255) is
                not a Power State as such, but simply an indication that
                the Power State of the Energy Object is unknown.
                Possible values of eoPowerAdminState within the Power
                State Set are registered at IANA.
                A current list of assignments can be found at
                <http://www.iana.org/assignments/eman>
                RFC-EDITOR: please check the location after IANA"
            ::= { eoPowerEntry 8  }
     
        eoPowerOperState OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          IANAPowerStateSet
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
     
     
                "This object specifies the current operational Power
                State and the Power State Set for the Energy Object.
                other(0) is not a Power State Set and unknown(255) is
                not a Power State as such, but simply an indication that
                the Power State of the Energy Object is unknown.
     
                Possible values of eoPowerAdminState within the Power
                State Set are registered at IANA.
     
     
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                A current list of assignments can be found at
                <http://www.iana.org/assignments/eman>
                RFC-EDITOR: please check the location after IANA"
     
            ::= { eoPowerEntry 9    }
     
        eoPowerStateEnterReason OBJECT-TYPE
             SYNTAX     OwnerString
             MAX-ACCESS read-create
             STATUS     current
             DESCRIPTION
                "This string object describes the reason for the
                eoPowerAdminState
                transition Alternatively, this string may contain with
                the entity that configured this Energy Object to this
                Power State."
             DEFVAL { "" }
             ::= { eoPowerEntry 10   }
     
        eoPowerStateTable OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          SEQUENCE OF EoPowerStateEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This table enumerates the maximum power usage, in watts,
               for every single supported Power State of each Energy
               Object.
     
               This table has an expansion-dependent relationship on the
               eoPowerTable, containing rows describing each Power State
               for the corresponding Energy Object. For every Energy
               Object in the eoPowerTable, there is a corresponding
               entry in this table."
            ::= { energyObjectMibObjects 2 }
     
        eoPowerStateEntry OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          EoPowerStateEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "A eoPowerStateEntry extends a corresponding
               eoPowerEntry.  This entry displays max usage values at
               every single possible Power State supported by the Energy
               Object.
               For example, given the values of a Energy Object
               corresponding to a maximum usage of 11W at the
               state 1 (mechoff), 6 (ready), 8 (mediumMinus), 12 (High):
     
     
     
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                    State         MaxUsage Units
                     1 (mechoff       0       W
                     2 (softoff)      0       W
                     3 (hibernate)    0       W
                     4 (sleep)        0       W
                     5 (standby)      0       W
                     6 (ready)        8       W
                     7 (lowMinus)     8       W
                     8 (low)         11       W
                     9 (medimMinus)  11       W
                    10 (medium)      11       W
                    11 (highMinus)   11       W
                    12 (high)        11       W
     
               Furthermore, this table extends to return the total time
               in each Power State, along with the number of times a
               particular Power State was entered."
     
                        INDEX   { entPhysicalIndex,
                                  eoPowerStateIndex
                                }
            ::= { eoPowerStateTable 1 }
     
        EoPowerStateEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
                eoPowerStateIndex                 IANAPowerStateSet,
                eoPowerStateMaxPower              Integer32,
                eoPowerStatePowerUnitMultiplier   UnitMultiplier,
                eoPowerStateTotalTime             TimeTicks,
                eoPowerStateEnterCount            Counter32
        }
     
        eoPowerStateIndex OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          IANAPowerStateSet
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "
                This object specifies the index of the Power State of
                the Energy Object within a Power State Set. The
                semantics of the specific Power State can be obtained
                from the Power State Set definition."
            ::= { eoPowerStateEntry 1 }
     
     
        eoPowerStateMaxPower OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "Watts"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
     
     
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            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This object indicates the maximum power for the Energy
               Object at the particular Power State. This value is
               specified in SI units of watts with the magnitude of the
               units (milliwatts, kilowatts, etc.) indicated separately
               in eoPowerStatePowerUnitMultiplier. If the maximum power
               is not known for a certain Power State, then the value is
               encoded as 0xFFFF.
     
               For Power States not enumerated, the value of
               eoPowerStateMaxPower might be interpolated by using the
               next highest supported Power State."
            ::= { eoPowerStateEntry 2  }
     
        eoPowerStatePowerUnitMultiplier OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          UnitMultiplier
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "The magnitude of watts for the usage value in
               eoPowerStateMaxPower."
            ::= { eoPowerStateEntry 3  }
     
        eoPowerStateTotalTime OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX      TimeTicks
            MAX-ACCESS  read-only
            STATUS      current
            DESCRIPTION
              "This object indicates the total time in hundreds
              of seconds that the Energy Object has been in this power
              state since the last reset, as specified in the
              sysUpTime."
            ::= { eoPowerStateEntry 4  }
     
        eoPowerStateEnterCount OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX       Counter32
            MAX-ACCESS   read-only
            STATUS       current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This object indicates how often the Energy
                Object has
                entered this power state, since the last reset of the
                device as specified in the sysUpTime."
            ::= { eoPowerStateEntry 5   }
     
     
        eoEnergyParametersTable OBJECT-TYPE
     
     
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            SYNTAX          SEQUENCE OF EoEnergyParametersEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
              "This table is used to configure the parameters for
              Energy measurement collection in the table
              eoEnergyTable. This table allows the configuration of
              different measurement settings on the same Energy
              Object."
               ::= { energyObjectMibObjects 3  }
     
        eoEnergyParametersEntry OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          EoEnergyParametersEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "An entry controls an energy measurement in
               eoEnergyTable."
            INDEX  {  eoEnergyParametersIndex }
            ::= { eoEnergyParametersTable 1 }
     
        EoEnergyParametersEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
                eoEnergyObjectIndex                PhysicalIndex,
                eoEnergyParametersIndex            Integer32,
                eoEnergyParametersIntervalLength   TimeInterval,
                eoEnergyParametersIntervalNumber   Integer32,
                eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode     Integer32,
                eoEnergyParametersIntervalWindow   TimeInterval,
                eoEnergyParametersSampleRate       Integer32,
                eoEnergyParametersStatus           RowStatus
        }
     
        eoEnergyObjectIndex OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          PhysicalIndex
            MAX-ACCESS      read-create
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
              "The unique value, to identify the specific Energy Object
              on which the measurement is applied, the same index used
              in the eoPowerTable to identify the Energy Object."
            ::= { eoEnergyParametersEntry 1 }
     
        eoEnergyParametersIndex OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX           Integer32 (0..2147483647)
            MAX-ACCESS       read-create
            STATUS           current
            DESCRIPTION
     
     
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                "This object specifies the index of the Energy
                Parameters setting for collection of energy measurements
                for an Energy Object. An Energy Object can have multiple
                eoEnergyParametersIndex, depending on the capability of
                the Energy Object"
            ::= { eoEnergyParametersEntry 2 }
     
        eoEnergyParametersIntervalLength OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          TimeInterval
            MAX-ACCESS      read-create
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This object indicates the length of time in hundredth of
               seconds over which to compute the average
               eoEnergyConsumed  measurement in the eoEnergyTable table.
               The computation is based on the Energy Object's internal
               sampling rate of power consumed or produced by the Energy
               Object. The sampling rate is the rate at which the Energy
               Object can read the power usage and may differ based on
               device capabilities. The average energy consumption is
               then computed over the length of the interval."
            DEFVAL { 90000 }
            ::= { eoEnergyParametersEntry 3 }
     
        eoEnergyParametersIntervalNumber OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            MAX-ACCESS      read-create
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
     
               "The number of intervals maintained in the eoEnergyTable.
               Each interval is characterized by a specific
               eoEnergyCollectionStartTime, used as an index to the
               table eoEnergyTable. Whenever the maximum number of
               entries is reached, the measurement over the new interval
               replacesthe oldest measurement. There is one exception to
               this rule: when the eoEnergyMaxConsumed and/or
               eoEnergyMaxProduced are in (one of) the two oldest
               measurement(s), they are left untouched and the next
               oldest measurement is replaced."
               DEFVAL { 10 }
          ::= { eoEnergyParametersEntry 4 }
     
        eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode OBJECT-TYPE
          SYNTAX          INTEGER  {
                              period(1),
                              sliding(2),
                              total(3)
     
     
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                          }
          MAX-ACCESS      read-create
          STATUS          current
          DESCRIPTION
            "A control object to define the mode of interval calculation
            for the computation of the average eoEnergyConsumed or
            eoEnergyProduced  measurement in the eoEnergyTable table.
     
              A mode of period(1) specifies non-overlapping periodic
              measurements.
     
              A mode of sliding(2) specifies overlapping sliding windows
              where the interval between the start of one interval and
              the next is defined in eoEnergyParametersIntervalWindow.
     
              A mode of total(3) specifies non-periodic measurement.  In
              this mode only one interval is used as this is a
              continuous measurement since the last reset. The value of
              eoEnergyParametersIntervalNumber should be (1) one and
              eoEnergyParametersIntervalLength is ignored. "
           ::= { eoEnergyParametersEntry 5 }
     
        eoEnergyParametersIntervalWindow OBJECT-TYPE
          SYNTAX          TimeInterval
          MAX-ACCESS      read-create
          STATUS          current
          DESCRIPTION
             "The length of the duration window between the starting
             time of one sliding window and the next starting time in
             hundredth of seconds, in order to compute the average of
             eoEnergyConsumed, eoEnergyProduced measurements in the
             eoEnergyTable table. This is valid only when the
             eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode is sliding(2). The
             eoEnergyParametersIntervalWindow value should be a multiple
             of eoEnergyParametersSampleRate."
               ::= { eoEnergyParametersEntry 6 }
     
        eoEnergyParametersSampleRate OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "Milliseconds"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-create
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "The sampling rate, in milliseconds, at which the  Energy
               Object should poll power usage in order to compute the
               average eoEnergyConsumed, eoEnergyProduced  measurements
               in the table eoEnergyTable.  The Energy Object should
               initially set this sampling rate to a reasonable value,
     
     
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               i.e., a compromise between intervals that will provide
               good accuracy by not being too long, but not so short
               that they affect the Energy Object performance by
               requesting continuous polling. If the sampling rate is
               unknown, the value 0 is reported. The sampling rate
               should be selected so that
               eoEnergyParametersIntervalWindow is a multiple of
               eoEnergyParametersSampleRate."
             DEFVAL { 1000 }
            ::= { eoEnergyParametersEntry 7 }
     
        eoEnergyParametersStatus OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          RowStatus
            MAX-ACCESS      read-create
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
              "The status of this row. The eoEnergyParametersStatus is
              used to start or stop energy usage logging. An entry
              status may not be active(1) unless all objects in the
              entry have an appropriate value.  If this object is not
              equal to active(1), all associated usage-data logged into
              the eoEnergyTable will be deleted. The data can be
              destroyed by setting up the eoEnergyParametersStatus to
              destroy(2)."
            ::= {eoEnergyParametersEntry 8 }
     
        eoEnergyTable OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          SEQUENCE OF EoEnergyEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This table lists Energy Object energy measurements.
               Entries in this table are only created if the
               corresponding value of object eoPowerMeasurementCaliber
               is active(2), i.e., if the power is actually metered."
            ::= { energyObjectMibObjects 4  }
     
        eoEnergyEntry OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          EoEnergyEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "An entry describing energy measurements."
            INDEX  { eoEnergyParametersIndex,
        eoEnergyCollectionStartTime }
            ::= { eoEnergyTable 1 }
     
     
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        EoEnergyEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
             eoEnergyCollectionStartTime       TimeTicks,
             eoEnergyConsumed                  Integer32,
             eoEnergyProduced                  Integer32,
             eoEnergyNet                       Integer32,
             eoEnergyUnitMultiplier            UnitMultiplier,
             eoEnergyAccuracy                  Integer32,
             eoEnergyMaxConsumed               Integer32,
             eoEnergyMaxProduced               Integer32,
             eoEnergyDiscontinuityTime         TimeStamp
        }
     
        eoEnergyCollectionStartTime OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          TimeTicks
            UNITS           "hundredths of seconds"
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "The time (in hundredths of a second) since the
               network management portion of the system was last
               re-initialized, as specified in the sysUpTime [RFC3418].
               This object is useful for reference of interval periods
               for which the energy is measured."
            ::= { eoEnergyEntry 1 }
     
        eoEnergyConsumed OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "Watt-hours"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
        "This object indicates the energy consumed in units of watt-
        hours for the Energy Object over the defined interval.
        This value is specified in the common billing units of watt-
        hours with the magnitude of watt-hours (kW-Hr, MW-Hr, etc.)
        indicated separately in eoEnergyUnitMultiplier."
            ::= { eoEnergyEntry 2 }
     
     
        eoEnergyProduced OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "Watt-hours"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
        "This object indicates the energy produced in units of watt-
        hours for the Energy Object over the defined interval.
     
     
     
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        This value is specified in the common billing units of watt-
        hours with the magnitude of watt-hours (kW-Hr, MW-Hr, etc.)
        indicated separately in eoEnergyUnitMultiplier."
            ::= { eoEnergyEntry 3 }
     
        eoEnergyNet OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "Watt-hours"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
        "This object indicates the resultant of the energy consumed and
        energy produced for an energy object in units of watt-hours for
        the Energy Object over the defined interval. This value is
        specified in the common billing units of watt-hours
        with the magnitude of watt-hours (kW-Hr, MW-Hr, etc.)
        indicated separately in eoEnergyUnitMultiplier."
            ::= { eoEnergyEntry 4 }
     
        eoEnergyUnitMultiplier OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          UnitMultiplier
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This object is the magnitude of watt-hours for the
               energy field in eoEnergyConsumed, eoEnergyProduced,
               eoEnergyNet, eoEnergyMaxConsumed, and eoEnergyMaxProduced
               ."
            ::= { eoEnergyEntry 5  }
     
     
     
        eoEnergyAccuracy OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32 (0..10000)
            UNITS           "hundredths of percent"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
        "This object indicates a percentage value, in 100ths of a
        percent, representing the presumed accuracy of Energy usage
        reporting. eoEnergyAccuracy is applicable to all Energy
        measurements in the  eoEnergyTable.
     
        For example: 1010 means the reported usage is accurate to +/-
        10.1 percent.
        This value is zero if the accuracy is unknown."
     
            ::= { eoEnergyEntry 6 }
     
     
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        eoEnergyMaxConsumed OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "Watt-hours"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This object is the maximum energy ever observed in
               eoEnergyConsumed since the monitoring started. This value
               is specified in the common billing units of watt-hours
               with the magnitude of watt-hours (kW-Hr,   MW-Hr, etc.)
               indicated separately in eoEnergyUnitMultiplier."
            ::= { eoEnergyEntry 7  }
     
     
        eoEnergyMaxProduced OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "Watt-hours"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This object is the maximum energy ever observed in
               eoEnergyEnergyProduced since the monitoring started. This
               value is specified in the units of watt-hours with the
               magnitude of watt-hours (kW-Hr,   MW-Hr, etc.) indicated
               separately in eoEnergyEnergyUnitMultiplier."
            ::= { eoEnergyEntry 8 }
     
     
         eoEnergyDiscontinuityTime OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX       TimeStamp
            MAX-ACCESS  read-only
            STATUS      current
            DESCRIPTION
     
              "The value of sysUpTime [RFC3418] on the most recent
              occasion at which any one or more of this entity's energy
              counters in this table suffered a discontinuity:
              eoEnergyConsumed, eoEnergyProduced or eoEnergyNet. If no
              such discontinuities have occurred since the last re-
              initialization of the local management subsystem, then
              this object contains a zero value."
            ::= { eoEnergyEntry 9 }
     
        -- Notifications
     
        eoPowerStateChange NOTIFICATION-TYPE
     
     
     
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            OBJECTS       {eoPowerAdminState, eoPowerOperState,
        eoPowerStateEnterReason}
            STATUS        current
            DESCRIPTION
                "The SNMP entity generates the eoPowerStateChange when
                the value(s) of eoPowerAdminState or eoPowerOperState,
               in the context of the Power State Set, have changed for
               the Energy Object represented by the entPhysicalIndex."
           ::= { energyObjectMibNotifs 1 }
     
        -- Conformance
     
        energyObjectMibCompliances  OBJECT IDENTIFIER
            ::= { energyObjectMib 3 }
     
        energyObjectMibGroups  OBJECT IDENTIFIER
            ::= { energyObjectMib 4 }
     
        energyObjectMibFullCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "When this MIB is implemented with support for
                read-create, then such an implementation can
                claim full compliance. Such devices can then
                be both monitored and configured with this MIB.
                The entPhysicalIndex, entPhysicalName, and
                entPhysicalUris [RFC4133] MUST be implemented."
            MODULE          -- this module
            MANDATORY-GROUPS {
                        energyObjectMibTableGroup,
                        energyObjectMibStateTableGroup,
                        energyObjectMibNotifGroup
                            }
     
              GROUP     energyObjectMibEnergyTableGroup
     
                  DESCRIPTION "A compliant implementation does not
                  have to implement. The entPhysicalIndex,
                  entPhysicalName, and entPhysicalUris [RFC4133]
                  MUST be implemented."
     
              GROUP    energyObjectMibEnergyParametersTableGroup
     
                  DESCRIPTION "A compliant implementation does not
                  have to implement. The entPhysicalIndex,
                  entPhysicalName, and entPhysicalUris [RFC4133]
                  MUST be implemented."
     
     
     
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            ::= { energyObjectMibCompliances 1 }
     
        energyObjectMibReadOnlyCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "When this MIB is implemented without support for
                read-create (i.e. in read-only mode), then such an
                implementation can claim read-only compliance.  Such a
                device can then be monitored but cannot be
                configured with this MIB. The entPhysicalIndex,
                  entPhysicalName, and entPhysicalUris from [RFC4133]
                  MUST be implemented. "
            MODULE          -- this module
            MANDATORY-GROUPS {
                                energyObjectMibTableGroup,
                                energyObjectMibStateTableGroup,
                                energyObjectMibNotifGroup
                            }
     
            OBJECT          eoPowerOperState
            MIN-ACCESS      read-only
            DESCRIPTION
                "Write access is not required."
            ::= { energyObjectMibCompliances 2 }
     
        -- Units of Conformance
     
        energyObjectMibTableGroup OBJECT-GROUP
            OBJECTS         {
                                eoPower,
                                eoPowerNameplate,
                                eoPowerUnitMultiplier,
                                eoPowerAccuracy,
                                eoPowerMeasurementCaliber,
                                eoPowerCurrentType,
                                eoPowerOrigin,
                                eoPowerAdminState,
                                eoPowerOperState,
                                eoPowerStateEnterReason
                            }
                    STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "This group contains the collection of all the objects
                related to the PowerMonitor."
            ::= { energyObjectMibGroups 1 }
     
        energyObjectMibStateTableGroup OBJECT-GROUP
     
     
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               OBJECTS      {
                                 eoPowerStateMaxPower,
                                 eoPowerStatePowerUnitMultiplier,
                                 eoPowerStateTotalTime,
                                 eoPowerStateEnterCount
                            }
                    STATUS          current
                    DESCRIPTION
                        "This group contains the collection of all the
                        objects related to the Power State."
                    ::= { energyObjectMibGroups 2 }
     
     
     
     
        energyObjectMibEnergyParametersTableGroup OBJECT-GROUP
            OBJECTS         {
                                eoEnergyObjectIndex,
                                eoEnergyParametersIndex,
                                eoEnergyParametersIntervalLength,
                                eoEnergyParametersIntervalNumber,
                                eoEnergyParametersIntervalMode,
                                eoEnergyParametersIntervalWindow,
                                eoEnergyParametersSampleRate,
                                eoEnergyParametersStatus
                            }
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "This group contains the collection of all the objects
                related to the configuration of the Energy Table."
            ::= { energyObjectMibGroups 3 }
     
     
     
        energyObjectMibEnergyTableGroup OBJECT-GROUP
            OBJECTS         {
                                -- Note that object
                                -- eoEnergyCollectionStartTime is not
                                -- included since it is not-accessible
     
                                eoEnergyConsumed,
                                eoEnergyProduced,
                                eoEnergyNet,
                                eoEnergyUnitMultiplier,
                                eoEnergyAccuracy,
                                eoEnergyMaxConsumed,
                                eoEnergyMaxProduced,
     
     
     
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                                eoEnergyDiscontinuityTime
                            }
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "This group contains the collection of all the objects
                related to the Energy Table."
            ::= { energyObjectMibGroups 4 }
     
        energyObjectMibNotifGroup NOTIFICATION-GROUP
           NOTIFICATIONS    {
                                eoPowerStateChange
                            }
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "This group contains the notifications for the power and
                energy monitoring MIB Module."
            ::= { energyObjectMibGroups 5 }
     
        END
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
        -- ************************************************************
        --
        -- This MIB module is used to monitor power quality of networked
        -- devices with measurements.
        --
        -- This MIB module is an extension of energyObjectMib module.
        --
        -- *************************************************************
     
        POWER-QUALITY-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN
     
        IMPORTS
            MODULE-IDENTITY,
            OBJECT-TYPE,
            mib-2,
     
     
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            Integer32
               FROM SNMPv2-SMI
            MODULE-COMPLIANCE,
            OBJECT-GROUP
                FROM SNMPv2-CONF
            UnitMultiplier
                FROM ENERGY-OBJECT-MIB
            OwnerString
                FROM RMON-MIB
            entPhysicalIndex
               FROM ENTITY-MIB;
     
        powerQualityMIB MODULE-IDENTITY
     
            LAST-UPDATED    "201203010000Z"   -- 1 March 2012
     
            ORGANIZATION    "IETF EMAN Working Group"
            CONTACT-INFO
                    "WG charter:
                    http://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/eman/charter/
     
                  Mailing Lists:
                     General Discussion: eman@ietf.org
     
                     To Subscribe:
                     https://www.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/eman
     
                     Archive:
                     http://www.ietf.org/mail-archive/web/eman
     
                  Editors:
     
                     Mouli Chandramouli
                     Cisco Systems, Inc.
                     Sarjapur Outer Ring Road
                     Bangalore,
                     IN
                     Phone: +91 80 4426 3947
                     Email: moulchan@cisco.com
     
                     Brad Schoening
                     44 Rivers Edge Drive
                     Little Silver, NJ 07739
                     US
                     Email: brad@bradschoening.com
     
                     Juergen Quittek
                     NEC Europe Ltd.
     
     
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                     NEC Laboratories Europe
                     Network Research Division
                     Kurfuersten-Anlage 36
                     Heidelberg  69115
                     DE
                     Phone: +49 6221 4342-115
                     Email: quittek@neclab.eu
     
                     Thomas Dietz
                     NEC Europe Ltd.
                     NEC Laboratories Europe
                     Network Research Division
                     Kurfuersten-Anlage 36
                     69115 Heidelberg
                     DE
                     Phone: +49 6221 4342-128
                     Email: Thomas.Dietz@nw.neclab.eu
     
                     Benoit Claise
                     Cisco Systems, Inc.
                     De Kleetlaan 6a b1
                     Degem 1831
                     Belgium
                     Phone:  +32 2 704 5622
                     Email: bclaise@cisco.com"
     
            DESCRIPTION
                   "This MIB is used to report AC power quality in
                   devices. The table is a sparse augmentation of the
                   eoPowerTable table from the energyObjectMib module.
                   Both three-phase and single-phase power
                   configurations are supported.
     
                   As a requirement for this MIB module,
                   [EMAN-AWARE-MIB] should be implemented and
                   three MIB objects from ENTITY-MIB (entPhysicalIndex,
                   entPhysicalName and entPhysicalUris) MUST be
                   implemented. "
            REVISION
     
     
                    "201203010000Z"     -- 1 March 2012
     
     
          DESCRIPTION
               "Initial version, published as RFC YYY."
     
           ::= { mib-2 yyy }
     
     
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        powerQualityMIBConform  OBJECT IDENTIFIER
            ::= { powerQualityMIB 0 }
     
     
        powerQualityMIBObjects OBJECT IDENTIFIER
            ::= { powerQualityMIB 1 }
     
        -- Objects
     
     
        eoACPwrQualityTable OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          SEQUENCE OF EoACPwrQualityEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "This table defines power quality measurements for
                supported entPhysicalIndex entities. It is a sparse
                extension of the eoPowerTable."
            ::= { powerQualityMIBObjects 1 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityEntry OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          EoACPwrQualityEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "This is a sparse extension of the eoPowerTable with
                entries for power quality measurements or
                configuration.  Each measured value corresponds to an
                attribute in IEC 61850-7-4 for non-phase measurements
                within the object MMUX."
     
        INDEX {entPhysicalIndex }
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityTable 1 }
     
        EoACPwrQualityEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
            eoACPwrQualityConfiguration       INTEGER,
            eoACPwrQualityAvgVoltage          Integer32,
            eoACPwrQualityAvgCurrent          Integer32,
            eoACPwrQualityFrequency           Integer32,
            eoACPwrQualityPowerUnitMultiplier UnitMultiplier,
            eoACPwrQualityPowerAccuracy       Integer32,
            eoACPwrQualityTotalActivePower    Integer32,
            eoACPwrQualityTotalReactivePower  Integer32,
            eoACPwrQualityTotalApparentPower  Integer32,
            eoACPwrQualityTotalPowerFactor    Integer32,
            eoACPwrQualityThdAmpheres         Integer32,
     
     
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            eoACPwrQualityThdVoltage          Integer32
        }
     
        eoACPwrQualityConfiguration OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX INTEGER {
                sngl(1),
                del(2),
                wye(3)
                           }
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                 "Configuration describes the physical configurations
                 of the power supply lines:
     
                    * alternating current, single phase (SNGL)
                    * alternating current, three phase delta (DEL)
                    * alternating current, three phase Y (WYE)
     
                 Three-phase configurations can be either connected in
                 a triangular delta (DEL) or star Y (WYE) system.  WYE
                 systems have a shared neutral voltage, while DEL
                 systems do not.  Each phase is offset 120 degrees to
                 each other."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityEntry 1 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityAvgVoltage OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "0.1 Volt AC"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "A measured value for average of the voltage measured
                over an integral number of AC cycles   For a 3-phase
                system, this is the average voltage (V1+V2+V3)/3.  IEC
                61850-7-4 measured value attribute 'Vol'"
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityEntry 2 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityAvgCurrent OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "Ampheres"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "A measured value of the current per phase. IEC 61850-
                7-4 attribute 'Amp'"
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityEntry 3 }
     
     
     
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        eoACPwrQualityFrequency OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32 (4500..6500) -- UNITS 0.01 Hertz
            UNITS           "hertz"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "A measured value for the basic frequency of the AC
                circuit.  IEC 61850-7-4 attribute 'Hz'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityEntry 4 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityPowerUnitMultiplier OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          UnitMultiplier
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "The magnitude of watts for the usage value in
                eoACPwrQualityTotalActivePower,
                eoACPwrQualityTotalReactivePower
                and eoACPwrQualityTotalApparentPower measurements.  For
                3-phase power systems, this will also include
                eoACPwrQualityPhaseActivePower,
                eoACPwrQualityPhaseReactivePower and
                eoACPwrQualityPhaseApparentPower"
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityEntry 5 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityPowerAccuracy OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32 (0..10000)
            UNITS           "hundredths of percent"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "This object indicates a percentage value, in 100ths of
                a percent, representing the presumed accuracy of
                active, reactive, and apparent power usage reporting.
                For example: 1010 means the reported usage is accurate
                to +/- 10.1 percent.  This value is zero if the
                accuracy is unknown.
     
                ANSI and IEC define the following accuracy classes for
                power measurement: IEC 62053-22 & 60044-1 class 0.1,
                0.2, 0.5, 1 & 3.
                ANSI C12.20 class 0.2 & 0.5"
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityEntry 6 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityTotalActivePower OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           " watts"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
     
     
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            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "A measured value of the actual power delivered to or
                consumed by the load.  IEC 61850-7-4 attribute 'TotW'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityEntry 7 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityTotalReactivePower OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "volt-amperes reactive"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "A mesured value of the reactive portion of the
                apparent power.  IEC 61850-7-4 attribute 'TotVAr'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityEntry 8 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityTotalApparentPower OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "volt-amperes"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "A measured value of the voltage and current which
                determines the apparent power.  The apparent power is
                the vector sum of real and reactive power.
     
                Note: watts and volt-ampheres are equivalent units and
                may be combined.  IEC 61850-7-4 attribute 'TotVA'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityEntry 9 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityTotalPowerFactor OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32 (-10000..10000)
            UNITS           "hundredths of percent"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "A measured value ratio of the real power flowing to
                the load versus the apparent power. It is dimensionless
                and expressed here as a percentage value in 100ths of a
                percent. A power factor of 100% indicates there is no
                inductance load and thus no reactive power. Power
                Factor can be positive or negative, where the sign
                should be in lead/lag (IEEE) form.  IEC 61850-7-4
                attribute 'TotPF'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityEntry 10 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityThdAmpheres OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32 (0..10000)
     
     
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            UNITS           "hundredths of percent"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "A calculated value for the current total harmonic
                distortion (THD).  Method of calculation is not
                specified.  IEC 61850-7-4 attribute 'ThdAmp'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityEntry 11 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityThdVoltage OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32 (0..10000)
            UNITS           "hundredths of percent"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "A calculated value for the voltage total harmonic
                distortion (THD).  Method of calculation is not
                specified.  IEC 61850-7-4 attribute 'ThdVol'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityEntry 12 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityPhaseTable OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          SEQUENCE OF EoACPwrQualityPhaseEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "This table describes 3-phase power quality
                measurements.  It is a sparse extension of the
                eoACPwrQualityTable."
            ::= { powerQualityMIBObjects 2 }
     
     
        eoACPwrQualityPhaseEntry OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          EoACPwrQualityPhaseEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "An entry describes common 3-phase power quality
                measurements.
     
                This optional table describes 3-phase power quality
                measurements, with three entries for each supported
                entPhysicalIndex entity.  Entities having single phase
                power shall not have any entities.
     
                This table describes attributes common to both WYE and
                DEL.  Entities having single phase power shall not have
                any entries here.  It is a sparse extension of the
                eoACPwrQualityTable.
     
     
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                These attributes correspond to IEC 61850-7.4 MMXU phase
                measurements."
            INDEX { entPhysicalIndex, eoPhaseIndex }
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityPhaseTable 1 }
     
        EoACPwrQualityPhaseEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
                eoPhaseIndex                       Integer32,
                eoACPwrQualityPhaseAvgCurrent      Integer32,
                eoACPwrQualityPhaseActivePower     Integer32,
                eoACPwrQualityPhaseReactivePower   Integer32,
                eoACPwrQualityPhaseApparentPower   Integer32,
                eoACPwrQualityPhasePowerFactor     Integer32,
                eoACPwrQualityPhaseImpedance       Integer32
        }
     
        eoPhaseIndex OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32 (0..359)
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "A phase angle typically corresponding to 0, 120, 240."
             ::= { eoACPwrQualityPhaseEntry 1 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityPhaseAvgCurrent OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "Ampheres"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "A measured value of the current per phase. IEC 61850-
                7-4 attribute 'A'"
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityPhaseEntry 2 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityPhaseActivePower OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           " watts"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "A measured value of the actual power delivered to or
                consumed by the load. IEC 61850-7-4 attribute 'W'"
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityPhaseEntry 3 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityPhaseReactivePower OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "volt-amperes reactive"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
     
     
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            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "A measured value of the reactive portion of the
                apparent power.  IEC 61850-7-4 attribute 'VAr'"
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityPhaseEntry 4 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityPhaseApparentPower OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "volt-amperes"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "A measured value of the voltage and current determines
                the apparent power.  Active plus reactive power equals
                the total apparent powwer.
     
                Note: Watts and volt-ampheres are equivalent units and
                may be combined.  IEC 61850-7-4 attribute 'VA'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityPhaseEntry 5 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityPhasePowerFactor OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32 (-10000..10000)
            UNITS           "hundredths of percent"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "A measured value ratio of the real power flowing to
                the load versus the apparent power for this phase.  IEC
                61850-7-4 attribute 'PF'. Power Factor can be positive
                or negative where the sign should be in lead/lag (IEEE)
                form."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityPhaseEntry 6 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityPhaseImpedance OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "volt-amperes"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
        "A measured value of the impedance.  IEC 61850-7-4 attribute
        'Z'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityPhaseEntry 7 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseTable OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          SEQUENCE OF EoACPwrQualityDelPhaseEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
     
     
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               "This table describes DEL configuration phase-to-phase
               power quality measurements.  This is a sparse extension
               of the eoACPwrQualityPhaseTable."
            ::= { powerQualityMIBObjects 3 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseEntry OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          EoACPwrQualityDelPhaseEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "An entry describes quality attributes of a phase in a
               DEL 3-phase power system.  Voltage measurements are
               provided both relative to each other and zero.
     
               Measured values are from IEC 61850-7-2 MMUX and THD from
               MHAI objects.
     
               For phase-to-phase measurements, the eoPhaseIndex is
               compared against the following phase at +120 degrees.
               Thus, the possible values are:
     
                             eoPhaseIndex        Next Phase Angle
                                   0                 120
                                 120                 240
                                 240                   0
               "
            INDEX { entPhysicalIndex, eoPhaseIndex}
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseTable 1}
     
        EoACPwrQualityDelPhaseEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
            eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseToNextPhaseVoltage      Integer32,
            eoACPwrQualityDelThdPhaseToNextPhaseVoltage   Integer32,
            eoACPwrQualityDelThdCurrent                   Integer32
        }
     
        eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseToNextPhaseVoltage OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "0.1 Volt AC"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "A measured value of phase to next phase voltages, where
               the next phase is IEC 61850-7-4 attribute 'PPV'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseEntry 2 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityDelThdPhaseToNextPhaseVoltage OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32 (0..10000)
            UNITS           "hundredths of percent"
     
     
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            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "A calculated value for the voltage total harmonic
               disortion for phase to next phase. Method of calculation
               is not specified.  IEC 61850-7-4 attribute 'ThdPPV'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseEntry 3 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityDelThdCurrent OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32 (0..10000)
            UNITS           "hundredths of percent"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
          DESCRIPTION
               "A calculated value for the voltage total harmonic
               disortion (THD) for phase to phase.  Method of
               calculation is not specified.
               IEC 61850-7-4 attribute 'ThdPPV'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseEntry 4 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseTable OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          SEQUENCE OF EoACPwrQualityWyePhaseEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This table describes WYE configuration phase-to-neutral
               power quality measurements.  This is a sparse extension
               of the eoACPwrQualityPhaseTable."
            ::= { powerQualityMIBObjects 4 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseEntry OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          EoACPwrQualityWyePhaseEntry
            MAX-ACCESS      not-accessible
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This table describes measurements of WYE configuration
               with phase to neutral power quality attributes. Three
               entries are required for each supported entPhysicalIndex
               entry.  Voltage measurements are relative to neutral.
     
               This is a sparse extension of the
               eoACPwrQualityPhaseTable.
     
               Each entry describes quality attributes of one phase of
               a WYE 3-phase power system.
     
               Measured values are from IEC 61850-7-2 MMUX and THD from
               MHAI objects."
     
     
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            INDEX {  entPhysicalIndex, eoPhaseIndex }
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseTable 1}
     
        EoACPwrQualityWyePhaseEntry ::= SEQUENCE {
                eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseToNeutralVoltage       Integer32,
                eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseCurrent                Integer32,
                eoACPwrQualityWyeThdPhaseToNeutralVoltage    Integer32
        }
     
        eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseToNeutralVoltage OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "0.1 Volt AC"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "A measured value of phase to neutral voltage.  IEC
               61850-7-4 attribute 'PhV'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseEntry 1 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseCurrent OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32
            UNITS           "0.1 ampheres AC"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "A measured value of phase currents.  IEC 61850-7-4
               attribute 'A'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseEntry 2 }
     
        eoACPwrQualityWyeThdPhaseToNeutralVoltage OBJECT-TYPE
            SYNTAX          Integer32 (0..10000)
            UNITS           "hundredths of percent"
            MAX-ACCESS      read-only
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "A calculated value of the voltage total harmonic
               distortion (THD) for phase to neutral. IEC 61850-7-4
               attribute 'ThdPhV'."
            ::= { eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseEntry 3 }
     
        -- Conformance
     
     
        powerQualityMIBCompliances  OBJECT IDENTIFIER
            ::= { powerQualityMIB 2 }
     
        powerQualityMIBGroups  OBJECT IDENTIFIER
            ::= { powerQualityMIB 3 }
     
     
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        powerQualityMIBFullCompliance MODULE-COMPLIANCE
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
        "When this MIB is implemented with support for read-create, then
        such an implementation can claim full compliance. Such devices
        can then be both monitored and configured with this MIB. The
        entPhysicalIndex, entPhysicalName, and entPhysicalUris [RFC4133]
        MUST be implemented."
            MODULE          -- this module
            MANDATORY-GROUPS {
                                powerACPwrQualityMIBTableGroup
                                                     }
     
     
            GROUP        powerACPwrQualityOptionalMIBTableGroup
            DESCRIPTION
               "A compliant implementation does not have
               to implement."
     
     
            GROUP       powerACPwrQualityPhaseMIBTableGroup
            DESCRIPTION
                "A compliant implementation does not have to
               implement."
     
            GROUP       powerACPwrQualityDelPhaseMIBTableGroup
            DESCRIPTION
                "A compliant implementation does not have to
               implement."
     
            GROUP       powerACPwrQualityWyePhaseMIBTableGroup
            DESCRIPTION
                "A compliant implementation does not have to
               implement."
     
     
     
            ::= { powerQualityMIBCompliances 1 }
     
     
        -- Units of Conformance
     
        powerACPwrQualityMIBTableGroup OBJECT-GROUP
            OBJECTS         {
                                -- Note that object entPhysicalIndex is
        NOT
     
     
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                                -- included since it is not-accessible
     
        eoACPwrQualityAvgVoltage,
                                eoACPwrQualityAvgCurrent,
                                eoACPwrQualityFrequency,
                                eoACPwrQualityPowerUnitMultiplier,
                                eoACPwrQualityPowerAccuracy,
                                eoACPwrQualityTotalActivePower,
                                eoACPwrQualityTotalReactivePower,
                                eoACPwrQualityTotalApparentPower,
                                eoACPwrQualityTotalPowerFactor
                                                    }    STATUS
        current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This group contains the collection of all the power
               quality objects related to the Energy Object."
            ::= { powerQualityMIBGroups  1 }
     
         powerACPwrQualityOptionalMIBTableGroup OBJECT-GROUP
            OBJECTS         {
                                eoACPwrQualityConfiguration,
                                eoACPwrQualityThdAmpheres,
                                eoACPwrQualityThdVoltage
                            }    STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This group contains the collection of all the power
               quality objects related to the Energy Object."
            ::= { powerQualityMIBGroups  2 }
     
     
        powerACPwrQualityPhaseMIBTableGroup OBJECT-GROUP
            OBJECTS         {
                                -- Note that object entPhysicalIndex is
        NOT
                                -- included since it is not-accessible
                                eoACPwrQualityPhaseAvgCurrent,
                                eoACPwrQualityPhaseActivePower,
                                eoACPwrQualityPhaseReactivePower,
                                eoACPwrQualityPhaseApparentPower,
                                eoACPwrQualityPhasePowerFactor,
                                eoACPwrQualityPhaseImpedance
                            }
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
               "This group contains the collection of all 3-phase power
               quality objects related to the Power State."
            ::= { powerQualityMIBGroups  3  }
     
     
     
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        powerACPwrQualityDelPhaseMIBTableGroup OBJECT-GROUP
            OBJECTS         {
                            -- Note that object entPhysicalIndex and
                            -- eoPhaseIndex are NOT included
                            -- since they are not-accessible
                            eoACPwrQualityDelPhaseToNextPhaseVoltage ,
                            eoACPwrQualityDelThdPhaseToNextPhaseVoltage,
                            eoACPwrQualityDelThdCurrent
                            }
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "This group contains the collection of all quality
                attributes of a phase in a DEL 3-phase power system."
            ::= { powerQualityMIBGroups  4  }
     
        powerACPwrQualityWyePhaseMIBTableGroup OBJECT-GROUP
            OBJECTS         {
                               -- Note that object entPhysicalIndex and
                               -- eoPhaseIndex are NOT included
                               -- since they are not-accessible
                               eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseToNeutralVoltage,
                               eoACPwrQualityWyePhaseCurrent,
                               eoACPwrQualityWyeThdPhaseToNeutralVoltage
                            }
            STATUS          current
            DESCRIPTION
                "This group contains the collection of all WYE
                configuration phase-to-neutral power quality
                measurements."
            ::= { powerQualityMIBGroups  5  }
     
     
        END
     
     11. Security Considerations
     
        Some of the readable objects in these MIB modules (i.e., objects
        with a MAX-ACCESS other than not-accessible) may be considered
        sensitive or vulnerable in some network environments.  It is
        thus important to control even GET and/or NOTIFY access to these
        objects and possibly to even encrypt the values of these objects
        when sending them over the network via SNMP.
     
        There are a number of management objects defined in these MIB
        modules with a MAX-ACCESS clause of read-write and/or read-
        create.  Such objects MAY be considered sensitive or vulnerable
        in some network environments.  The support for SET operations in
        a non-secure environment without proper protection can have a
     
     
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        negative effect on network operations.  The following are the
        tables and objects and their sensitivity/vulnerability:
     
        - Unauthorized changes to the eoPowerOperState (via
          theeoPowerAdminState ) MAY disrupt the power settings of the
          differentEnergy Objects, and therefore the state of
          functionality of the respective Energy Objects.
        - Unauthorized changes to the eoEnergyParametersTable MAY
          disrupt energy measurement in the eoEnergyTable table.
     
        SNMP versions prior to SNMPv3 did not include adequate security.
        Even if the network itself is secure (for example, by using
        IPsec), there is still no secure control over who on the secure
        network is allowed to access and GET/SET
        (read/change/create/delete) the objects in these MIB modules.
     
        It is RECOMMENDED that implementers consider the security
        features as provided by the SNMPv3 framework (see [RFC3410],
        section 8), including full support for the SNMPv3 cryptographic
        mechanisms (for authentication and privacy).
     
        Further, deployment of SNMP versions prior to SNMPv3 is NOT
        RECOMMENDED.  Instead, it is RECOMMENDED to deploy SNMPv3 and to
        enable cryptographic security.  It is then a customer/operator
        responsibility to ensure that the SNMP entity giving access to
        an instance of these MIB modules is properly configured to give
        access to the objects only to those principals (users) that have
        legitimate rights to GET or SET (change/create/delete) them.
     
     
     12. IANA Considerations
     
     12.1. IANA Considerations for the MIB Modules
     
     
     
        The MIB modules in this document uses the following IANA-
        assigned OBJECT IDENTIFIER values recorded in the SMI Numbers
        registry:
     
               Descriptor            OBJECT IDENTIFIER value
               ----------            -----------------------
               energyObjectMib         { mib-2 xxx }
               powerQualityMIB         { mib-2 yyy }
     
        Additions to the MIB modules are subject to Expert Review
        [RFC5226], i.e., review by one of a group of experts designated
        by an IETF Area Director.  The group of experts MUST check the
     
     
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        requested MIB objects for completeness and accuracy of the
        description.  Requests for MIB objects that duplicate the
        functionality of existing objects SHOULD be declined.  The
        smallest available OIDs SHOULD be assigned to the new MIB
        objects.  The specification of new MIB objects SHOULD follow the
        structure specified in Section 10.  and MUST be published using
        a well-established and persistent publication medium.
     
     
     12.2. IANA Registration of new Power State Set
     
        This document specifies an initial set of Power State Sets. The
        list of these Power State Sets with their numeric identifiers is
        given in Section 5.2.1.  IANA maintains a Textual Convention
        IANAPowerStateSet with the initial set of Power State Sets and
        the Power States within those Power State Sets. The current
        version of Textual convention can be accessed
        http://www.iana.org/assignments/IANAPowerStateSet
     
        New Assignments to Power State Sets shall be administered by
        IANA and the guidelines and procedures are listed in this
        Section.
     
        New assignments for Power State Set will be administered by IANA
        through Expert Review [RFC5226], i.e., review by one of a group
        of experts designated by an IETF Area Director.  The group of
        experts MUST check the requested state for completeness and
        accuracy of the description. A pure vendor specific
        implementation of Power State Set shall not be adopted; since it
        would lead to proliferation of Power State Sets.
     
     
     
     12.2.1. IANA Registration of the IEEE1621 Power State Set
     
        This document specifies a set of values for the IEEE1621 Power
        State Set [IEEE1621].  The list of these values with their
        identifiers is given in Section 5.2.1.  The Internet Assigned
        Numbers Authority (IANA) created a new registry for IEEE1621
        Power State Set identifiers and filled it with the initial
        listin the Textual Convention IANAPowerStateSet..
     
        New assignments (or potentially deprecation) for IEEE1621 Power
        State Set will be administered by IANA through Expert Review
        [RFC5226], i.e., review by one of a group of experts designated
        by an IETF Area Director.  The group of experts MUST check the
        requested state for completeness and accuracy of the
        description.
     
     
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     12.2.2. IANA Registration of the DMTF Power State Set
     
        This document specifies a set of values for the DMTF Power State
        Set.  The list of these values with their identifiers is given
        in Section 5.2.1.  The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
        (IANA) has created a new registry for DMTF Power State Set
        identifiers and filled it with the initial list in  the Textual
        Convention IANAPowerStateSet.
        New assignments (or potentially deprecation) for DMTF Power
        State Set will be administered by IANA through Expert Review
        [RFC5226], i.e., review by one of a group of experts designated
        by an IETF Area Director.  The group of experts MUST check the
        conformance with the DMTF standard [DMTF], on the top of
        checking for completeness and accuracy of the description.
     
     
     12.2.3. IANA Registration of the EMAN Power State Set
     
        This document specifies a set of values for the EMAN Power State
        Set.  The list of these values with their identifiers is given
        in Section 5.2.1.  The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
        (IANA) has created a new registry for EMAN Power State Set
        identifiers and filled it with the initial list in the Textual
        Convention IANAPowerStateSet.
        New assignments (or potentially deprecation) for EMAN Power
        State Set will be administered by IANA through Expert Review
        [RFC5226], i.e., review by one of a group of experts designated
        by an IETF Area Director.  The group of experts MUST check the
        requested state for completeness and accuracy of the
        description.
     
     12.3. Updating the Registration of Existing Power State Sets
     
        IANA maintains a Textual Convention IANAPowerStateSet with the
        initial set of Power State Sets and the Power States within
        those Power State Sets.  The current version of Textual
        convention can be accessed
        http://www.iana.org/assignments/IANAPowerStateSet
     
        With the evolution of standards, over time, it may be important
        to deprecate of some of the existing the Power State Sets or
        some of the states within a Power State Set.
     
        The registrant shall publish an Internet-draft or an individual
        submission with the clear specification on deprecation of Power
        State Sets or Power States registered with IANA.  The
        deprecation shall be administered by IANA through Expert Review
     
     
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        [RFC5226], i.e., review by one of a group of experts designated
        by an IETF Area Director. The process should also allow for a
        mechanism for cases where others have significant objections to
        claims on deprecation of a registration. In cases, where the
        registrant cannot be reached, IESG can designate an Expert to
        modify the IANA registry for the deprecation.
     
     12. Contributors
     
        This document results from the merger of two initial proposals.
        The following persons made significant contributions either in
        one of the initial proposals or in this document.
     
        John Parello
     
        Rolf Winter
     
        Dominique Dudkowski
     
     
     
     13. Acknowledgment
     
        The authors would like to thank Shamita Pisal for her prototype
        of this MIB module, and her valuable feedback.  The authors
        would like to Michael Brown for improving the text dramatically.
     
     
        We would like to thank Juergen Schoenwalder for proposing the
        design of the Textual Convention for IANAPowerStateSet and Ira
        McDonald for his feedback. Thanks for the many comments on the
        design of the EnergyTable from Minoru Teraoka and Hiroto Ogaki.
     
     
     14. Open Issues
     
     
        OPEN ISSUE 1 Double-check all the IEC references in the draft.
     
          IEC 61850-7-4 has been widely referenced in many EMAN drafts.
          The other IEC references suggested in the email list are
          IEC 61000-4-30  and IEC 62053-21 and IEC 62301. It is
          important to resolve the correct IEC references soon.
     
     
        OPEN ISSUE 2 Light weight identification of a device
     
          "The identity provisioning method that has been chosen can be
          retrieved by reading the value of powerStateEnergyConsumerOid.
     
     
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          In case of identities provided by the ENERGY-AWARE-MIB module,
          this OID points to an exising instance of eoPowerIndex, in
          case of the ENTITY-MIB, the object points to a valid instance
          of entPhysicalIndex, and in a similar way, it points to a
          value of another MIB module if this is used for identifying
          entities. If no other MIB module has been chosen for providing
          entity identities, then the value of
          powerStateEnergyConsumerOid MUST be 0.0 (zeroDotZero).
     
     
        OPEN ISSUE 3 Demand computation method
     
          "Energy not obtained by periodically polling a power
          measurement with a eoEnergyParametersSampleRate ; Energy (E)
          is measured to the product's certified IEC 62053-21 accuracy
          class"
     
          Need to verify with IEC62053-21.
     
     
        OPEN ISSUE 4 Consideration of IEEE-ISTO PWG in the IANA list of
        Power State Set ? Printer Power series could be added once the
        IANA procedure is in place.
     
     
        OPEN ISSUE 5 check if all the requirements from [EMAN-REQ] are
        covered.
     
     
        OPEN ISSUE 6 IANA Registered Power State Sets deferred to [EMAN-
        FRAMEWORK]
     
     
        OPEN ISSUE 7  Device capabilities discovery in terms of Power
        Quality measurements another MIB object
     
     
        OPEN ISSUE 8  Directional Metering of Energy not in requirements
     
     
        Open Issue 9 How to monitor remote objects, for which there is
        no entPhysicalIndex: with a proxyTable or indexed by the UUID?"
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
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     15. References
     
      15.2. Normative References
     
     
        [RFC2119] S. Bradner, Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
                Requirement Levels, BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
     
        [RFC2578]  McCloghrie, K., Ed., Perkins, D., Ed., and J.
                Schoenwaelder, Ed., "Structure of Management
                Information Version 2 (SMIv2)", STD 58, RFC 2578, April
                1999.
     
        [RFC2579]  McCloghrie, K., Ed., Perkins, D., Ed., and J.
                Schoenwaelder, Ed., "Textual Conventions for SMIv2",
                STD 58, RFC 2579, April 1999.
     
        [RFC2580]  McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., and J. Schoenwaelder,
                "Conformance Statements for SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2580,
                April 1999.
     
        [RFC3621] Berger, A., and D. Romascanu, "Power Ethernet MIB",
                RFC3621, December 2003.
     
        [RFC4133]  Bierman, A. and K. McCloghrie, "Entity MIB (Version
                3)", RFC 4133, August 2005.
     
     
        [LLDP-MED-MIB]  ANSI/TIA-1057, "The LLDP Management Information
                Base extension module for TIA-TR41.4 media endpoint
                discovery information", July 2005.
     
        [EMAN-AWARE-MIB] J. Parello, and B. Claise, "draft-ietf-eman-
                energy-aware-mib-04 ", work in progress, February 2012.
     
     
      15.3. Informative References
     
     
        [RFC1628] S. Bradner, "UPS Management Information Base", RFC
                1628, May 1994
     
        [RFC3410]  Case, J., Mundy, R., Partain, D., and B. Stewart,
                "Introduction and Applicability Statements for Internet
                Standard Management Framework ", RFC 3410, December
                2002.
     
     
     
     
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        [RFC3418]  Presun, R., Case, J., McCloghrie, K., Rose, M, and S.
                Waldbusser, "Management Information Base (MIB) for the
                Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP)", RFC3418,
                December 2002.
     
        [RFC3433]  Bierman, A., Romascanu, D., and K. Norseth, "Entity
                Sensor Management Information Base", RFC 3433, December
                2002.
     
        [RFC4268]  Chisholm, S. and D. Perkins, "Entity State MIB", RFC
                4268,November 2005.
     
        [RFC5226]  Narten, T. Alverstrand, H., A. and K. McCloghrie,
                "Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section
                in RFCs ", BCP 26, RFC 5226, May 2008.
     
        [EMAN-REQ] Quittek, J., Winter, R., Dietz, T., Claise, B., and
                M. Chandramouli, " Requirements for Energy Managemen",
                draft-ietf-eman-requirements-05, November  2011.
     
        [EMAN-FRAMEWORK] Claise, B., Parello, J., Schoening, B., and J.
                Quittek, "Energy Management Framework", draft-ietf-
                eman-framework-03, October 2011.
     
        [EMAN-MONITORING-MIB] M. Chandramouli, Schoening, B., Dietz, T.,
                Quittek, J. and B. Claise  "Energy and Power Monitoring
                MIB ", draft-eman-ietf-energy-monitoring-mib-01,
                October 2011.
     
        [EMAN-AS] Tychon, E., Laherty, M., and B. Schoening, "Energy
                Management (EMAN) Applicability Statement", draft-
                 ietf-eman-applicability-statement-00, December 2011.
     
        [EMAN-TERMINOLOGY] J. Parello, "Energy Management Terminology",
                draft-parello-eman-definitions-04, work in progress,
                 December 2011.
     
        [ACPI] "Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
                Specification",http://www.acpi.info/DOWNLOADS/ACPIspec3
                0b.pdf
     
        [DMTF] "Power State Management Profile DMTF  DSP1027  Version
                2.0"  December 2009
                http://www.dmtf.org/sites/default/files/standards/docum
                ents/DSP1027_2.0.0.pdf
     
        [IEEE1621]  "Standard for User Interface Elements in Power
                Control of Electronic Devices Employed in
     
     
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                Office/Consumer Environments", IEEE 1621, December
                2004.
     
        [IEC.61850-7-4] International Electrotechnical Commission,
                "Communication networks and systems for power utility
                automation Part 7-4: Basic communication structure
                Compatible logical node classes and data object
                classes", 2010.
     
        [IEC.62053-21] International Electrotechnical Commission,
                "Electricity metering equipment (a.c.) Particular
                requirements Part 22: Static meters for active energy
                (classes 1 and 2)", 2003.
     
        [IEC.62053-22]International Electrotechnical Commission,
                "Electricity metering equipment (a.c.) Particular
                requirements Part 22: Static meters for active energy
                (classes 0,2 S and 0,5 S)", 2003.
     
     
     Authors' Addresses
     
     
      Mouli Chandramouli
      Cisco Systems, Inc.
      Sarjapur Outer Ring Road
      Bangalore,
      IN
     
      Phone: +91 80 4426 3947
      Email: moulchan@cisco.com
     
     
      Brad Schoening
      44 Rivers Edge Drive
      Little Silver, NJ 07739
      US
      Email: brad@bradschoening.com
     
     
      Juergen Quittek
      NEC Europe Ltd.
      NEC Laboratories Europe
      Network Research Division
      Kurfuersten-Anlage 36
      Heidelberg  69115
      DE
     
     
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      Phone: +49 6221 4342-115
      Email: quittek@neclab.eu
     
      Thomas Dietz
      NEC Europe Ltd.
      NEC Laboratories Europe
      Network Research Division
      Kurfuersten-Anlage 36
      Heidelberg  69115
      DE
     
      Phone: +49 6221 4342-128
      Email: Thomas.Dietz@neclab.eu
     
      Benoit Claise
      Cisco Systems, Inc.
      De Kleetlaan 6a b1
      Diegem 1813
      BE
     
      Phone: +32 2 704 5622
      Email: bclaise@cisco.com
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     <Claise, et. Al>      Expires September 8, 2012         [Page 87]
     

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