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Versions: (draft-haas-idr-flowspec-redirect-rt-bis) 00 01 02 03 04 05 RFC 7674

Internet Engineering Task Force                             J. Haas, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                          Juniper Networks
Updates: 5575 (if approved)                                July 27, 2015
Intended status: Standards Track
Expires: January 28, 2016


       Clarification of the Flowspec Redirect Extended Community
               draft-ietf-idr-flowspec-redirect-rt-bis-05

Abstract

   This document updates RFC 5575 (Dissemination of Flow Specification
   Rules) to clarify the formatting of the the BGP Flowspec Redirect
   Extended Community.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on January 28, 2016.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2015 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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   described in the Simplified BSD License.




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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.1.  BGP Transitive Extended Community Types . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.2.  Update to BGP Generic Transitive Experimental  Use
           Extended Community Sub-Types  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     2.3.  Generic Transitive Experimental Extended Community Part 2
           Sub-Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     2.4.  Generic Transitive Experimental Extended Community Part 3
           Sub-Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   3.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   4.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   5.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7

1.  Introduction

   Dissemination of Flow Specification Rules [RFC5575], commonly known
   as BGP Flowspec, provided for a BGP Extended Community [RFC4360] that
   served to redirect traffic to a VRF routing instance that matched the
   flow specification NLRI.  In that RFC, the Redirect Extended
   Community was documented as follows:




























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   : +--------+--------------------+--------------------------+
   : | type   | extended community | encoding                 |
   : +--------+--------------------+--------------------------+
   : | 0x8008 | redirect           | 6-byte Route Target      |
   : +--------+--------------------+--------------------------+
   :
   : [...]
   :
   : Redirect:  The redirect extended community allows the traffic to be
   : redirected to a VRF routing instance that lists the specified
   : route-target in its import policy.  If several local instances
   : match this criteria, the choice between them is a local matter
   : (for example, the instance with the lowest Route Distinguisher
   : value can be elected).  This extended community uses the same
   : encoding as the Route Target extended community [RFC4360].
   : [...]
   :
   : 11. IANA Considerations
   : [...]
   :
   : The following traffic filtering flow specification rules have been
   : allocated by IANA from the "BGP Extended Communities Type -
   : Experimental Use" registry as follows:
   : [...]
   :
   : 0x8008 - Flow spec redirect

   The IANA registry of BGP Extended Communities clearly identifies
   communities of specific formats.  For example, "Two-octet AS Specific
   Extended Community" [RFC4360], "Four-octet AS Specific Extended
   Community" [RFC5668] and "IPv4 Address Specific Extended Community"
   [RFC4360].  Route Targets [RFC4360] identify this format in the high-
   order (Type) octet of the Extended Community and set the value of the
   low-order (Sub-Type) octet to 0x02.  The Value field of the Route
   Target Extended Community is intended to be interpreted in the
   context of its format.

   Since the Redirect Extended Community only registered a single code-
   point in the IANA BGP Extended Community registry, a common
   interpretation of the redirect extended community's "6-byte route
   target" has been to look, at a receiving router, for a route target
   value that matches the route target value in the received redirect
   extended community, and import the advertised route to the
   corresponding VRF instance subject to the rules defined in [RFC5575].
   However, because the route target format in the redirect extended
   community is not clearly defined, the wrong match may occur.





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   This "value wildcard" matching behavior, which does not take into
   account the format of the route target defined for a local VRF and
   may result in the wrong matching decision, does not match deployed
   implementations of BGP Flowspec.  Deployed implementations of BGP
   Flowspec solve this problem by defining different redirect extended
   communities that are specific to the format of the route target
   value.  This document defines the following redirect extended
   communities:

   +--------+--------------------+-------------------------------------+
   | type   | extended community | encoding                            |
   +--------+--------------------+-------------------------------------+
   | 0x8008 | redirect AS-2byte  | 2-octet AS, 4-octet Value           |
   | 0x8108 | redirect IPv4      | 4-octet IPv4 Address, 2-octet Value |
   | 0x8208 | redirect AS-4byte  | 4-octet AS, 2-octet Value           |
   +--------+--------------------+-------------------------------------+

   It should be noted that the low-order nibble of the Redirect's Type
   field corresponds to the Route Target Extended Community format field
   (Type).  (See [RFC4360], Secs. 3.1, 3.2, and 4 plus [RFC5668], Sec.
   2.)  The low order octet (Sub-Type) of the Redirect Extended
   Community remains 0x08, contrasted to 0x02 for Route Targets.

   The IANA Registries for BGP Extended Communities [RFC7153] document
   was written to update the previously-mentioned IANA registries to
   better document BGP Extended Community formats.  The IANA
   Considerations section below further amends those registry updates in
   order to properly document the Flowspec redirect communities.

2.  IANA Considerations

2.1.  BGP Transitive Extended Community Types

   IANA is requested to update the "BGP Transitive Extended Community
   Types" registry as follows:

     0x81 - Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended Community
            Part 2 (Sub-Types are defined in the "Generic Transitive
            Experimental Extended Community Part 2 Sub-Types" Registry)
     0x82 - Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended Community
            Part 3 (Sub-Types are defined in the "Generic Transitive
            Experimental Extended Community Part 3 Sub-Types" Registry)









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2.2.  Update to BGP Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended
      Community Sub-Types

   IANA is requested to update the "BGP Generic Transitive Experimental
   Use Extended Community Sub-Types" registry as follows:

     0x08 - Flow spec redirect AS-2byte format. [RFC5575, RFC-to-be]

   (Note to RFC Editor - replace RFC-to-be with this RFC number.)

2.3.  Generic Transitive Experimental Extended Community Part 2 Sub-
      Types

   IANA is requested to create the "Generic Transitive Experimental Use
   Extended Community Part 2 Sub-Types" registry.  This registry should
   be created under the BGP Extended Communities registry.  It will
   contain the following note:

      This registry contains values of the second octet (the "Sub-Type"
      field) of an extended community when the value of the first octet
      (the "Type" field) is 0x81.

   Registry Name: Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended Community
   Part 2 Sub-Types

     RANGE              REGISTRATION PROCEDURE           REFERENCE

     0x00-0xBF          First Come First Served
     0xC0-0xFF          IETF Review

     SUB-TYPE VALUE     NAME
     0x00-0x07          Unassigned
     0x08               Flow spec redirect IPv4 format.  [RFC-to-be]
     0x09-0xff          Unassigned

   (Note to RFC Editor - replace RFC-to-be with this RFC number.)

2.4.  Generic Transitive Experimental Extended Community Part 3 Sub-
      Types

   IANA is requested to create the "Generic Transitive Experimental Use
   Extended Community Part 3 Sub-Types" registry.  This registry should
   be created under the BGP Extended Communities registry.  It will
   contain the following note:

      This registry contains values of the second octet (the "Sub-Type"
      field) of an extended community when the value of the first octet
      (the "Type" field) is 0x82.



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   Registry Name: Generic Transitive Experimental Use Extended Community
   Part 2 Sub-Types

     RANGE              REGISTRATION PROCEDURE               REFERENCE

     0x00-0xBF          First Come First Served
     0xC0-0xFF          IETF Review

     SUB-TYPE VALUE     NAME
     0x00-0x07          Unassigned
     0x08               Flow spec redirect AS-4byte format.  [RFC-to-be]
     0x09-0xff          Unassigned

   (Note to RFC Editor - replace RFC-to-be with this RFC number.)

3.  Security Considerations

   This document introduces no additional security considerations than
   those already covered in [RFC5575].  It should be noted that if the
   wildcard behavior were actually implemented, this ambiguity may lead
   to the installation of Flowspec rules in an incorrect VRF and may
   lead to traffic to be incorrectly delivered.

4.  Acknowledgements

   The contents of this document was raised as part of implementation
   discussions of BGP Flowspec with the following individuals:

      Andrew Karch (Cisco)

      Robert Raszuk

      Adam Simpson (Alcatel-Lucent)

      Matthieu Texier (Arbor Networks)

      Kaliraj Vairavakkalai (Juniper)

5.  Normative References

   [RFC4360]  Sangli, S., Tappan, D., and Y. Rekhter, "BGP Extended
              Communities Attribute", RFC 4360, February 2006.

   [RFC5575]  Marques, P., Sheth, N., Raszuk, R., Greene, B., Mauch, J.,
              and D. McPherson, "Dissemination of Flow Specification
              Rules", RFC 5575, August 2009.





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   [RFC5668]  Rekhter, Y., Sangli, S., and D. Tappan, "4-Octet AS
              Specific BGP Extended Community", RFC 5668, October 2009.

   [RFC7153]  Rosen, E. and Y. Rekhter, "IANA Registries for BGP
              Extended Communities", RFC 7153, March 2014.

Author's Address

   Jeffrey Haas (editor)
   Juniper Networks

   Email: jhaas@juniper.net







































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