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Versions: (draft-fujisawa-ip1394-dhcp) 00 01 02 03 RFC 2855

Internet-Draft                                               K. Fujisawa
<draft-ietf-ip1394-dhcp-03.txt>                         Sony Corporation
Expires: August, 2000                                      February 2000

                           DHCP for IEEE 1394

Status of this memo

     This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance
     with all provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026.

     Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
     Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups.  Note that
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Copyright Notice

     Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

     IEEE Std 1394-1995 is a standard for a High Performance Serial Bus.
     Since 1394 uses a different link-layer addressing method than
     conventional IEEE802/Ethernet, the usage of some fields must be
     clarified to achieve interoperability.
     This memo describes the 1394 specific usage of some fields of DHCP
     messages.











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Internet Draft       draft-ietf-ip1394-dhcp-03.txt         February 2000


1. Introduction

   IEEE Std 1394-1995 is a standard for a High Performance Serial Bus.
   IETF IP1394 Working Group specified the method to carry IPv4
   datagrams and 1394 ARP packets over an IEEE1394 network [RFC2734].

   The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) [RFC2131] provides a
   framework for passing configuration information to hosts on a TCP/IP
   network.

   Since 1394 uses a different link-layer addressing method than
   conventional IEEE802/Ethernet, the usage of some fields must be
   clarified to achieve interoperability.
   This memo describes the 1394 specific usage of some fields of DHCP.
   See [RFC2131] for the mechanism of DHCP and the explanations of each
   field.

   This document is a product of the IP1394 working group within the
   Internet Engineering Task Force.  Comments are solicited and should
   be addressed to the working group's mailing list at
   ip1394@mailbag.intel.com and/or the author.

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED",  "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

2. Issues related to 1394 link address

   With conventional link-layer protocols, such as an Ethernet, the
   'chaddr' (client hardware address) field may be used to return a
   reply message from a DHCP server (or relay-agent) to a client.  Since
   a 1394 link address (node_ID) is transient and will not be consistent
   across the 1394 bridge, we have chosen not to put it in the 'chaddr'
   field.  A DHCP client should request that the server sends a
   broadcast reply by setting the BROADCAST flag when 1394 ARP is not
   possible yet.

        Note: In general, the use of a broadcast reply is discouraged,
        but we consider the impact in a 1394 network as a non issue.

3. 1394 specific usage of DHCP message fields

   Following rules should be used when a DHCP client is connected to
   an IEEE1394 network.

   'htype' (hardware address type) MUST be 24 [ARPPARAM].

   'hlen' (hardware address length) MUST be 0.



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   The 'chaddr' (client hardware address) field is reserved.  The sender
   MUST set this field to zero, and the recipient and the relay agent
   MUST ignore its value on reciept.

   A DHCP client on 1394 SHOULD set a BROADCAST flag in DHCPDISCOVER and
   DHCPREQUEST messages (and set 'ciaddr' to zero) to ensure that the
   server (or the relay agent) broadcasts its reply to the client.

        Note: As described in [RFC2131], 'ciaddr' MUST be filled in with
        client's IP address during BOUND, RENEWING or REBINDING state,
        therefore, the BROADCAST flag MUST NOT be set.  In these cases,
        the DHCP server unicasts DHCPACK message to the address in
        'ciaddr'. The link address will be resolved by 1394 ARP.

   'client identifier' option MUST be used in DHCP messages from the
   client to the server due to the lack of the 'chaddr'.  'client
   identifier' option may consist of any data.  Because every IP over
   1394 node has an EUI-64 (node unique ID) [EUI64], the EUI-64 makes an
   obvious 'client identifier'.  1394 clients SHOULD include an EUI-64
   identifier in the 'client identifier' option. The type value for the
   EUI-64 is 27 [ARPPARAM], and the format is illustrated as follows.

       Code  Len   Type  Client-Identifier
      +-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+
      |  61 |  9  | 27  |           EUI-64 (node unique ID)             |
      +-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+-----+

   Note that the use of other 'client identifier' type, such as a fully
   qualified domain name (FQDN), is not precluded by this memo.

   For more details, see "9.14. Client-identifier" in [RFC2132].

4. Security Considerations

   DHCP currently provides no authentication or security mechanisms.
   Potential exposures to attack are discussed in section 7 of the DHCP
   protocol specification [RFC2131].

   A malicious client can falsify its EUI-64 identifier, thus
   masquerading as another client.











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Internet Draft       draft-ietf-ip1394-dhcp-03.txt         February 2000


Acknowledgments

   The author appreciate the members of the Dynamic Host Configuration
   working group for their review and valuable comments.

References

 [RFC2734]  P. Johansson, "IPv4 over IEEE 1394",
            RFC2734, December 1999.

 [RFC2119]  S. Bradner, "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
            Requirement Levels", RFC2119, March 1997.

 [RFC2131]  R. Droms, "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol", RFC2131,
            March 1997.

 [RFC2132]  S. Alexander, R. Droms, "DHCP Options and BOOTP Vendor
            Extensions", RFC2132, March 1997.

 [EUI64]    http://standards.ieee.org/regauth/oui/tutorials/EUI64.html

 [ARPPARAM] http://www.isi.edu/in-notes/iana/assignments/arp-parameters

Author's address

   Kenji Fujisawa
   Sony Corporation
   6-7-35, Kitashinagawa,
   Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, 141-0001 Japan
   Phone: +81-3-5448-8507
   E-mail: fujisawa@sm.sony.co.jp




















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Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2000).  All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
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   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
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   HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
   MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
























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