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Versions: 00 RFC 1886

Internet Engineering Task Force                               S. Thomson
INTERNET-DRAFT                                                  Bellcore
<draft-ietf-ipngwg-dns-00.txt>                                C. Huitema
                                                                   INRIA
                                                           24 March 1995


                 DNS Extensions to support IP version 6


Status of this Memo

   This document is an Internet Draft.  Internet Drafts are working
   documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its Areas,
   and its Working Groups. Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet Drafts.

   Internet Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six
   months. Internet Drafts may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by
   other documents at any time.  It is not appropriate to use Internet
   Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as a "working
   draft" or "work in progress."

   To learn the current status of any Internet-Draft, please check the
   1id-abstracts.txt listing contained in the Internet-Drafts Shadow
   Directories on ds.internic.net, nic.nordu.net, ftp.isi.edu, or
   munnari.oz.au.


Abstract

   This document defines the changes that need to be made to the Domain
   Name System to support hosts running IP version 6 (IPv6).  The
   changes include a new resource record type to store an IPv6 address,
   a new domain to support lookups based on an IPv6 address, and updated
   definitions of existing query types that return Internet addresses as
   part of additional section processing.  The extensions are designed
   to be compatible with existing applications and, in particular, DNS
   implementations themselves.









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1.  INTRODUCTION


   Current support for the storage of Internet addresses in the Domain
   Name System (DNS)[1,2] cannot easily be extended to support IPv6
   addresses[3] since applications assume that address queries return
   32-bit IPv4 addresses only.

   To support the storage of IPv6 addresses we define the following
   extensions:

        A new resource record type is defined to map a domain name to an
        IPv6 address.

        A new domain is defined to support lookups based on address.

        Existing queries that perform additional section processing to
        locate IPv4 addresses are redefined to perform additional sec-
        tion processing on both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses.


   The changes are designed to be compatible with existing software.
   The existing support for IPv4 addresses is retained.



2.  NEW RESOURCE RECORD DEFINITION AND DOMAIN


   A new record type is defined to store a host's IPv6 address.  A host
   that has more than one IPv6 address must have more than one such
   record.



2.1.  AAAA record type


   The AAAA resource record type is a new record specific to the Inter-
   net class that stores a single IPv6 address.

   The value of the type is 28 (decimal).






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2.2.  AAAA data format


   An IPv6 address is encoded in the data portion of an AAAA resource
   record in network byte order (high-order byte first).



2.3.  AAAA query


   An AAAA query for a specified domain name in the Internet class
   returns all associated AAAA resource records in the answer section of
   a response.

   A type AAAA query does not perform additional section processing.



2.4.  Textual format of AAAA records


   The textual representation of the data portion of the AAAA resource
   record used in a master database file is the textual representation
   of a IPv6 address as defined in [3].



2.5.  IP6.INT Domain


   A special domain is defined to look up a record given an address. The
   intent of this domain is to provide a way of mapping an IPv6 address
   to a host name, although it may be used for other purposes as well.
   The domain is rooted at IP6.INT.

   An IPv6 address is represented as a name in the IP6.INT domain by a
   sequence of nibbles separated by dots with the suffix ".IP6.INT". The
   sequence of nibbles is encoded in reverse order, i.e. the low-order
   nibble is encoded first, followed by the next low-order nibble and so
   on.  Each nibble is represented by a hexadecimal digit.  For example,
   the inverse lookup domain name corresponding to the address

       4321:0:1:2:3:4:567:89ab




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   would be

   b.a.9.8.7.6.5.0.4.0.0.0.3.0.0.0.2.0.0.0.1.0.0.0.0.0.0.0.1.2.3.4.IP6.INT.




3.  MODIFICATIONS TO EXISTING QUERY TYPES


   All existing query types that perform type A additional section pro-
   cessing, i.e. name server (NS), mail exchange (MX) and mailbox (MB)
   query types, must be redefined to perform both type A and type AAAA
   additional section processing. These new definitions mean that a name
   server must add any relevant IPv4 addresses and any relevant IPv6
   addresses available locally to the additional section of a response
   when processing any one of the above queries.



4.  SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS


   Security issues are not discussed in this memo.
























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5.  REFERENCES



   [1]  P. Mockapetris, "Domain Names - Concepts and Facilities", STD
        13, RFC 1034, USC/Information Sciences Institute, November 1987.

   [2]  P. Mockapetris, "Domain Names - Implementation and Specifica-
        tion", STD 13, RFC 1035, USC/Information Sciences Institute,
        November 1987.

   [3]  R. Hinden, Editor, IPng Addressing Architecture, Internet Draft,
        draft-ietf-ipngwg-ipv6-addr-arch-00.txt, March 1995.


Authors' Addresses


   Susan Thomson
   Bellcore
   MRE 2P343
   445 South Street
   Morristown, NJ 07960
   U.S.A.

   Phone: +1 201-829-4514
   Email: set@thumper.bellcore.com

   Christian Huitema
   INRIA, Sophia-Antipolis
   2004 Route des Lucioles
   BP 109
   F-06561 Valbonne Cedex
   France

   Phone: +33 93 65 77 15
   EMail: Christian.Huitema@MIRSA.INRIA.FR











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