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                                          draft-ietf-issll-rsvp-cap-02.txt


Internet Draft                                                 Syed, Hamid
draft-ietf-issll-rsvp-cap-02.txt                           Nortel Networks

                                                            February, 2001


                Capability Negotiation: The RSVP CAP Object

Status of this Memo

   This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with all
   provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task
   Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups.  Note that other groups
   may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet- Drafts as reference material
   or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at
       http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt
   The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at
       http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html.

   Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2001). All Rights Reserved.


1. Abstract

   The resource reservation protocol [RSVP] is an end-to-end signaling
   protocol and it can be a useful mechanism to carry the upstream node or
   network capabilities/willingness to the downstream network/nodes.

   This draft proposes a capability negotiation object, CAP object, in the
   RSVP PATH message that can be used to convey end host/upstream node
   capabilities to the downstream network/nodes.


2. Introduction

   In today's heterogenous networking environment, it is important for each
   network to have a knowledge of its upstream nodes/network capabilities
   before it can perform any actions to support the QoS requirements of the

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   flows from upstream networks. Such an advance information would help the
   network operator to configure the network according to the expected
   nature of traffic that the network devices have to process and route.
   The current standards does not provide any way to the end host or
   network devices to specify their capabilities to the downstream nodes.
   The resource reservation protocol [RSVP] is an end-to-end signaling
   protocol and has already been proposed in different scenarios to support
   end-to-end QoS [INTDIFF]. It can be a useful signaling mechanism to
   carry the upstream node/network capabilities or willingness to the
   downstream network or nodes.

   This draft proposes a capability negotiation object, The RSVP CAP
   object, in the RSVP PATH message that can be used to convey end
   host/upstream node capabilities/willingness to the downstream network.
   This is a generic object that can be used to carry any meaningful
   capability information in the RSVP PATH message.


3. Conventions used in this document

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC-2119].


4. Format of CAP Object

   The CAP object has the following format:

              0       |       1       |       2       |       3
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |      Length                   |   C-Num (TBD) |      C-Type=1 |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                         CAP field                             |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   The CAP field is defined with full 32 bits in the object. Each bit in
   the field can be used for one specific capability representation.


5. Message Processing Rules

5.1 Message Generation (RSVP Host)

   An RSVP PATH message is created as specified in [RSVP] with following
   modifications

     1. A capability (CAP) object is created and the CAP field is set to
        indicate the various capabilities of the end host. Only those bits
        are set that represent a specific capability of the end host. The
        bits that are unused MUST be left reset

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        An example;
          CAP field:

          0x0X: A_Cap
                The host/node capability/willingness identifier.
                If A_Cap bit is reset, the sender host/upstream node
                does not have the capability
                If A_Cap bit is set, the sender host/upstream node does
                have the capability

          Note: A_Cap represents a single capability/willingness of the end
                host/upstream network node

     2. The CAP Object is inserted in the RSVP message in the appropriate
        place.

5.2 Message Reception (Downstream Router)

   RSVP PATH message is processed at the downstream router as specified in
   [RSVP] with following modifications.

     1. The router records the CAP object as the micro-flow PATH state

     2. The router modifies the CAP object by setting the CAP field to
        reflect its own capabilities

5.3 Message Reception (Upstream Router)

   RSVP RESV message is processed at the upstream router as specified in
   [RSVP] with following modifications.

     1. The router checks the recorded PATH state for the micro-flow and
        installs any rules required to handle the traffic

     2. If the router is not aware of the rules, it SHOULD seek the policy
        rules from the domain policy server


6. IANA Considerations

   The format of CAP object requires a class number (C-Num) in RSVP
   message. Moreover, the capabilities defined through the CAP object
   will be defined in other RFCs and their values will be assigned
   through IANA.


7. References

   [INTDIFF], Bernet, Y., Yavatkar, R., Ford, P., Baker, F., Zhang, L.,
   Speer, M., Braden, R., Davie, B., Wroclawski, J., "Integrated Services
   Operation over Diffserv Networks", RFC 2998, November 2000

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   [RSVP] Braden, R. ed., "Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP) -
   Functional Specification.", IETF RFC 2205, Sep. 1997.

   [RFC-2119] S. Bradner, "keywords for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement
   Levels", RFC 2119 (BCP), IETF, March 1997.


8. Acknowledgments

   Thanks to Yoram Bernet and other ISSLL WG members for providing useful
   comments to make this one happen. Special thanks to Bill Gage for
   reviewing this draft


9. Author's Address

   Syed, Hamid
   Nortel Networks
   100 - Constellation Crescent,
   Nepean, ON K2G 6J8
   Phone: (613) 763-6553
   Email: hmsyed@nortelnetworks.com


10. Full Copyright Statement

   "Copyright (C) The Internet Society (date). All Rights Reserved.
   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
   and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
   kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph
   are included on all such copies and derivative works. However, this
   document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
   the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
   Internet organisations, except as needed for the purpose of
   developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
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   followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
   English.

   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
   TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT
   NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION HEREIN
   WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
   MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.




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