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Mobile Ad hoc Networks Working                                S. Ratliff
Group                                                           B. Berry
Internet-Draft                                               G. Harrison
Intended status: Standards Track                                 S. Jury
Expires: August 14, 2014                                   Cisco Systems
                                                          D. Satterwhite
                                                                Broadcom
                                                        Febuary 10, 2014


                 Dynamic Link Exchange Protocol (DLEP)
                        draft-ietf-manet-dlep-05

Abstract

   When routing devices rely on modems to effect communications over
   wireless links, they need timely and accurate knowledge of the
   characteristics of the link (speed, state, etc.) in order to make
   forwarding decisions. In mobile or other environments where these
   characteristics change frequently, manual configurations or the
   inference of state through routing or transport protocols does not
   allow the router to make the best decisions. A bidirectional, event-
   driven communication channel between the router and the modem is
   necessary.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted to IETF in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups.  Note that
   other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-
   Drafts.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at
   http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt.

   The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at
   http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html.

   This Internet-Draft will expire on August 14, 2014.




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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document. Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
     1.1  Requirements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   2. Assumptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   3. Credits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
   4. Metrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
   5. Extensions to DLEP  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
   6.  Normal Session Flow  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
     6.1 DLEP Modem session flow - Discovery case . . . . . . . . . . 11
     6.2 DLEP Modem session flow - Configured case  . . . . . . . . . 11
     6.3  DLEP Router session flow  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     6.4  Common Session Flow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
   7. Mandatory Signals and Data Items  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
   8. Generic DLEP Message Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
   9. DLEP Data Items . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
     9.1  DLEP Version  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
     9.2  DLEP Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
     9.3  Peer Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
     9.4  MAC Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
     9.5  IPv4 Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
     9.6  IPv6 Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
     9.7  Maximum Data Rate (Receive) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
     9.8  Maximum Data Rate (Transmit)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
     9.9  Current Data Rate (Receive) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
     9.10  Current Data Rate (Transmit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
     9.11  Expected Forwarding Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
     9.12  Latency  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
     9.13  Resources (Receive)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
     9.14  Resources (Transmit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
     9.15  Relative Link Quality (Receive)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
     9.16  Relative Link Quality (Transmit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
     9.17  Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26



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     9.18  Heartbeat Interval . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
     9.19  Link Characteristics ACK Timer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
     9.20  Credit Window Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
     9.21  Credit Grant Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
     9.22  Credit Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
   10. DLEP Protocol Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
     10.1  Signal TLV Values  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
     10.2 Peer Discovery Message  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
     10.3 Peer Offer Message  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
     10.4 Peer Initialization Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
     10.5 Peer Initialization ACK Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
     10.6 Peer Update Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
     10.7 Peer Update ACK Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
     10.8 Peer Termination Message  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
     10.9 Peer Termination ACK Message  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
     10.10 Destination Up Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
     10.11 Destination Up ACK Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
     10.12 Destination Down Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
     10.13 Destination Down ACK Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
     10.14 Destination Update Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
     10.15 Heartbeat Message  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
     10.16 Link Characteristics Request Message . . . . . . . . . . . 39
     10.17 Link Characteristics ACK Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
   11.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
   12.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
     12.1  Registrations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
     12.2  Expert Review: Evaluation Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . 41
     12.3  Message (Signal) TLV Type Registration . . . . . . . . . . 41
     12.4  DLEP Data Item Registrations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
     12.5  DLEP Well-known Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
     12.6  DLEP Multicast Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
   13. Appendix A.  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
     13.1  Peer Level Message Flows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
       13.1.1  Modem Device Restarts Discovery  . . . . . . . . . . . 43
       13.1.2  Modem Device Detects Peer Offer Timeout  . . . . . . . 43
       13.1.3  Router Peer Offer Lost . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
       13.1.4  Discovery Success  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
       29.1.5  Router Detects a Heartbeat timeout . . . . . . . . . . 45
       29.1.6  Modem Detects a Heartbeat timeout  . . . . . . . . . . 45
       29.1.7  Peer Terminate (from Modem) Lost . . . . . . . . . . . 46
       29.1.8  Peer Terminate (from Router) Lost  . . . . . . . . . . 46
     29.2  Destination Specific Message Flows . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
       29.2.1  Modem Destination Up Lost  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
       29.2.2  Router Detects Duplicate Destination Ups . . . . . . . 47
       29.2.3  Destination Up, No Layer 3 Addresses . . . . . . . . . 48
       29.2.4  Destination Up with IPv4, No IPv6  . . . . . . . . . . 48
       29.2.5  Destination Up with IPv4 and IPv6  . . . . . . . . . . 48
       29.2.6  Destination Session Success  . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49



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   Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
   Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
   Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
   Author's Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

1. Introduction

   There exist today a collection of modem devices that control links of
   variable datarate and quality. Examples of these types of links
   include line-of-sight (LOS) radios, satellite terminals, and
   cable/DSL modems. Fluctuations in speed and quality of these links
   can occur due to configuration (in the case of cable/DSL modems), or
   on a moment-to-moment basis, due to physical phenomena like multipath
   interference, obstructions, rain fade, etc. It is also quite possible
   that link quality and datarate varies with respect to individual
   destinations on a link, and with the type of traffic being sent. As
   an example, consider the case of an 802.11g access point, serving 2
   associated laptop computers. In this environment, the answer to the
   question "What is the datarate on the 802.11g link?" is "It depends
   on which associated laptop we're talking about, and on what kind of
   traffic is being sent." While the first laptop, being physically
   close to the access point, may have a datarate of 54Mbps for unicast
   traffic, the other laptop, being relatively far away, or obstructed
   by some object, can simultaneously have a datarate of only 32Mbps for
   unicast. However, for multicast traffic sent from the access point,
   all traffic is sent at the base transmission rate (which is
   configurable, but depending on the model of the access point, is
   usually 24Mbps or less).

   In addition to utilizing variable datarate links, mobile networks are
   challenged by the notion that link connectivity will come and go over
   time.  Effectively utilizing a relatively short-lived connection is
   problematic in IP routed networks, as routing protocols tend to rely
   on independent timers at OSI Layer 3 to maintain network convergence
   (e.g. HELLO messages and/or recognition of DEAD routing adjacencies).
   These short-lived connections can be better utilized with an event-
   driven paradigm, where acquisition of a new neighbor (or loss of an
   existing one) is signaled, as opposed to a timer-driven paradigm.

   Another complicating factor for mobile networks are the different
   methods of physically connecting the modem devices to the router.
   Modems can be deployed as an interface card in a router's chassis, or
   as a standalone device connected to the router via Ethernet, USB, or
   even a serial link. In the case of Ethernet or serial attachment,
   with existing protocols and techniques, routing software cannot be
   aware of convergence events occurring on the radio link (e.g.
   acquisition or loss of a potential routing neighbor), nor can the
   router be aware of the actual capacity of the link. This lack of



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   awareness, along with the variability in datarate, leads to a
   situation where quality of service (QoS) profiles are extremely
   difficult to establish and properly maintain. This is especially true
   of demand-based access schemes such as Demand Assigned Multiple
   Access (DAMA) implementations used on some satellite systems. With a
   DAMA-based system, additional datarate may be available, but will not
   be used unless the network devices emit traffic at rate higher than
   the currently established rate. Increasing the traffic rate does not
   guarantee additional datarate will be allocated; rather, it may
   result in data loss and additional retransmissions on the link.

   Addressing the challenges listed above, the authors have developed
   the Data Link Exchange Protocol, or DLEP. The DLEP protocol runs
   between a router and its attached modem devices, allowing the modem
   to communicate link characteristics as they change, and convergence
   events (acquisition and loss of potential routing destinations). The
   following diagrams are used to illustrate the scope of DLEP packets.

   |-------Local Node-------|          |-------Remote Node------|
   |                        |          |                        |
   +--------+       +-------+          +-------+       +--------+
   | Router |=======| Modem |{~~~~~~~~}| Modem |=======| Router |
   |        |       | Device|          | Device|       |        |
   +--------+       +-------+          +-------+       +--------+
            |       |       | Link     |       |       |
            |-DLEP--|       | Protocol |       |-DLEP--|
            |       |       | (e.g.    |       |       |
            |       |       | 802.11)  |       |       |

                          Figure 1: DLEP Network

   In Figure 1, when the local modem detects the presence of a remote
   node, it (the local modem) sends a signal to its router via the DLEP
   protocol. Upon receipt of the signal, the local router may take
   whatever action it deems appropriate, such as initiating discovery
   protocols, and/or issuing HELLO messages to converge the network. On
   a continuing, as-needed basis, the modem devices utilize DLEP to
   report any characteristics of the link (datarate, latency, etc) that
   have changed. DLEP is independent of the link type and topology
   supported by the modem. Note that the DLEP protocol is specified to
   run only on the local link between router and modem. Some over the
   air signaling may be necessary between the local and remote modem in
   order to provide some parameters in DLEP messages between the local
   modem and local router, but DLEP does not specify how such over the
   air signaling is carried out. Over the air signaling is purely a
   matter for the modem implementer.

   Figure 2 shows how DLEP can support a configuration where routers are



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   connected with different link types. In this example, Modem A
   implements a point-to-point link, and Modem B is connected via a
   shared medium. In both cases, the DLEP protocol is used to report the
   characteristics of the link (datarate, latency, etc.) to routers. The
   modem is also able to use the DLEP session to notify the router when
   the remote node is lost, shortening the time required to re-converge
   the network.








            +--------+                     +--------+
       +----+ Modem A|                     | Modem A+---+
       |    | Device |  <===== // ======>  | Device |   |
       |    +--------+      P-2-P Link     +--------+   |
   +---+----+                                       +---+----+
   | Router |                                       | Router |
   |        |                                       |        |
   +---+----+                                       +---+----+
       |     +--------+                     +--------+  |
       +-----+ Modem B|                     | Modem B|  |
             | Device |   o o o o o o o o   | Device +--+
             +--------+    o  Shared   o    +--------+
                            o Medium  o
                             o       o
                              o     o
                               o   o
                                 o
                            +--------+
                            | Modem B|
                            | Device |
                            +---+----+
                                |
                                |
                            +---+----+
                            | Router |
                            |        |
                            +--------+

            Figure 2: DLEP Network with Multiple Modem Devices

   DLEP defines a set of messages used by modems and their attached
   routers. The messages are used to communicate events that occur on
   the physical link(s) managed by the modem: for example, a remote node



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   entering or leaving the network, or that the link has changed.
   Associated with these messages are a set of data items - information
   that describes the remote node (e.g., address information), and/or
   the characteristics of the link to the remote node.

   The protocol is defined as a collection of type-length-value (TLV)
   based messages, specifying the signals that are exchanged between a
   router and a modem, and the data items associated with the signal.
   This document specifies transport of DLEP signals and data items via
   the TCP transport, with a UDP-based discovery mechanism. Other
   transports for the protocol are possible, but are outside the scope
   of this document.

   DLEP signals are further defined as mandatory or optional. Signals
   will additionally have mandatory and optional data items.
   Implementations MUST support all mandatory messages and their
   mandatory data items to be considered compliant. Implementations MAY
   also support some, or all, of the optional messages and data items.

   DLEP uses a session-oriented paradigm between the modem device and
   its associated router. If multiple modem devices are attached to a
   router (as in Figure 2), a separate DLEP session MUST exist for each
   modem. If a modem device supports multiple connections to a router
   (via multiple logical or physical interfaces), or supports
   connections to multiple routers, a separate DLEP session MUST exist
   for each connection. This router/modem session provides a carrier for
   information exchange concerning "destinations" that are available via
   the modem device. A "destination" can be either physical (as in the
   case of a specific far-end router), or a logical destination (as in a
   Multicast group). As such, all of the destination-level exchanges in
   DLEP can be envisioned as building an information base concerning the
   remote nodes, and the link characteristics to those nodes.

   Multicast traffic destined for the variable-quality network (the
   network accessed via the DLEP modem) is handled in IP networks by
   deriving a Layer 2 MAC address based on the Layer 3 address.
   Leveraging on this scheme, Multicast traffic is supported in DLEP
   simply by treating the derived MAC address as any other "destination"
   (albeit a logical one) in the network. To support these logical
   destinations, one of the DLEP participants (typically, the router)
   informs the other as to the existence of the logical neighbor. The
   modem, once it is aware of the existence of this logical neighbor,
   reports link characteristics just as it would for any other
   destination in the network. The specific algorithms a modem would use
   to report metrics on multicast (or logical) destinations is outside
   the scope of this specification, and is left to specific
   implementations to decide.




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1.1  Requirements

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119
   [RFC2119].

2. Assumptions

   Routers and modems that exist as part of the same node (e.g., that
   are locally connected) can utilize a discovery technique to locate
   each other, thus avoiding a-priori configuration. The modem is
   responsible for initialing the discovery process, using the Peer
   Discovery message.

   DLEP utilizes a session-oriented paradigm. A router and modem form a
   session by completing the discovery process. This router-modem
   session persists unless or until it either (1) times out, based on
   the timeout values supplied, or (2) is explicitly torn down by one of
   the participants. Note that while use of timers in DLEP is OPTIONAL,
   it is strongly recommended that implementations choose to run with
   timers enabled.

   DLEP assumes that participating modems, and their physical links, act
   as a transparent bridge. Specifically, the assumption is that the
   destination MAC address for data traffic in any frame emitted by the
   router should be the MAC address of a device in the remote node. DLEP
   also assumes that MAC addresses are unique within the context of the
   router-modem session.

   This document refers to a remote node as a "Destination".
   Destinations can be identified by either the router or the modem, and
   represent a specific destination (e.g., an address) that exists on
   the link(s) managed by the modem. A destination MUST contain a MAC
   address, it MAY optionally include a Layer 3 address (or addresses).
   Destinations MAY refer either to physical devices in the network, or
   to logical destinations, as in a multicast group. As "destinations"
   are discovered, DLEP routers and modems build an information base on
   destinations accessible via the modem. Changes in link
   characteristics MAY then be reported as being "modem-wide" (effecting
   ALL destinations accessed via the modem) or MAY be neighbor
   (destination) specific.

   The DLEP messages concerning destinations thus become the way for
   routers and modems to maintain, and notify each other about, an
   information base representing the physical and logical (e.g.,
   multicast) destinations accessible via the modem device. The
   information base would contain addressing information (e.g., MAC



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   address, and OPTIONALLY, Layer 3 addresses), link characteristics
   (metrics), and OPTIONALLY, flow control information (credits).

   DLEP assumes that security on the session (e.g. authentication of
   session partners, encryption of traffic, or both) is dealt with by
   the underlying transport mechanism (e.g., by using a transport such
   as TLS [TLS]).

   This document specifies an implementation of the DLEP messages and
   data items running over the TCP transport, utilizing a well-known TCP
   Port number. It is assumed that DLEP running over other transport
   mechanisms would be documented separately.


3. Credits

   DLEP includes an OPTIONAL credit-windowing scheme analogous to the
   one documented in [RFC5578]. In this scheme, traffic between the
   router and modem is treated as two unidirectional windows. This
   document identifies these windows as the "Modem Receive Window", or
   MRW, and the "Router Receive Window", or RRW.

   If credits are used, they MUST be granted by the receiver on a given
   window - that is, on the "Modem Receive Window" (MRW), the modem is
   responsible for granting credits to the router, allowing it (the
   router) to send data to the modem. Likewise, the router is
   responsible for granting credits on the RRW, which allows the modem
   to send data to the router.

   DLEP expresses all credit data in number of octets. The total number
   of credits on a window, and the increment to add to a grant, are
   always expressed as a 64-bit unsigned quantity.

   If used, credits are managed on a neighbor-specific basis; that is,
   separate credit counts are maintained for each neighbor requiring the
   service. Credits do not apply to the DLEP session that exists between
   routers and modems.

4. Metrics

   DLEP includes the ability for the router and modem to communicate
   metrics that reflect the characteristics (e.g. datarate, latency) of
   the variable-quality link in use. DLEP does NOT specify how a given
   metric value is to be calculated, rather, the protocol assumes that
   metrics have been calculated with a "best effort", incorporating all
   pertinent data that is available to the modem device.

   As mentioned in the introduction section of this document, metrics



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   have to be used within a context - for example, metrics to a unicast
   address in the network. DLEP allows for metrics to be sent within two
   contexts - metrics for a specific destination within the network
   (e.g., a specific router), and "modem-wide" (those that apply to all
   destinations accessed via the modem). Metrics are further subdivided
   into transmit and receive metrics. Metrics supplied on DLEP Peer
   signals are, by definition, modem-wide; metrics supplied on
   Destination messages signals are, by definition, used for the
   specific neighbor only.

   DLEP modem implementations MUST announce all supported metric items,
   and provide default values for those metrics, in the Peer
   Initialization message. In order to introduce a new metric type, DLEP
   modem implementations MUST terminate the session with the router (via
   the Peer Terminate message), and re-establish the session.

   It is left to implementations to choose sensible default values based
   on their specific characteristics. Modems having static (non-
   changing) link metric characteristics MAY report metrics only once
   for a given neighbor (or once on a modem-wide basis, if all
   connections via the modem are of this static nature).

   The approach of allowing for different contexts for metric data
   increases both the flexibility and the complexity of using metric
   data. This document details the mechanism whereby the data is
   transmitted, however, the specific algorithms (precedence, etc) for
   utilizing the dual-context metrics is out of scope and not addressed
   by this document.

5. Extensions to DLEP

   While this draft represents the best efforts of the co-authors, and
   the working group, to be functionally complete, it is recognized that
   extensions to DLEP will in all likelihood be necessary as more link
   types are utilized. To allow for future innovation, the draft
   allocates numbering space for experimental implementations of both
   signals and data items.

   DLEP implementations MUST be capable of parsing and acting on the
   mandatory messages and data items as documented in this
   specification. DLEP messages/data items that are optional, or are in
   the experimental numbering range SHOULD be silently dropped by an
   implementation if they are not understood.

   The intent of the optional messages and data items, as well as the
   experimental numbering space, is to allow for further development of
   DLEP protocol features and function. Having experimental space
   reserved for both signals and data items gives maximum flexibility



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   for extending the protocol as conditions warrant. For example,
   experimental data items could be used by implementations to send
   additional metrics. A combination of experimental messages, and
   associated data items, could be used to implement new flow control
   schemes. If subsequent research and development define new features
   and function, then it should be standardized either as an update to
   this document, or as an additional stand-alone specification.


6.  Normal Session Flow

   Normal session flow is slightly different, depending on whether the
   implementation represents a modem or a router, and whether discovery
   techniques are used. The normal flow by DLEP partner type is:

6.1 DLEP Modem session flow - Discovery case

   If the DLEP modem implementation is utilizing the optional discovery
   mechanism, then the implementation will initialize a UDP socket,
   binding it to an arbitrary port. This UDP socket is used to send the
   Peer Discovery message to the DLEP link-local multicast address and
   port (TBD). The implementation then waits on receipt of a Peer Offer
   message, which MUST contain the unicast address and port for TCP-
   based communication with a DLEP router. The Peer Offer message MAY
   contain multiple address/port combinations. If more than one
   address/port combination is in the Peer Offer, the DLEP modem
   implementation SHOULD consider the list to be in priority sequence,
   with the "most desired" address/port combination listed first.
   However, modem implementations MAY use their own heuristics to
   determine the best address/port combination. At this point, the modem
   implementation MAY either destroy the UDP socket, or continue to
   issue Peer Discovery messages to the link-local address/port
   combination. In either case, the TCP session initialization occurs as
   in the configured case.

6.2 DLEP Modem session flow - Configured case

   When a DLEP modem implementation has the address and port information
   for a TCP connection to the router (obtained either via configuration
   or via the discovery process described above), the modem will
   initialize and bind a TCP socket. This socket is used to connect to
   the DLEP router software. After a successful TCP connect, the modem
   implementation MUST issue a Peer Initialization message to the DLEP
   router. The Peer Initialization message MUST contain TLVs for ALL
   supported metrics from this modem (e.g. all MANDATORY metrics plus
   all OPTIONAL metrics supported by the implementation), along with the
   default values of those metrics. After sending the Peer
   Initialization, the modem implementation should wait for receipt of a



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   Peer Initialization ACK message from the router. Receipt of the Peer
   Initialization ACK indicates that the router has received and
   processed the Peer Initialization, and the session MUST transition to
   the "in session" state. At this point, messages regarding
   destinations in the network, and/or Peer Update messages, can flow on
   the DLEP session between modem and router. The "in session" state is
   maintained until one of the following conditions occur:

   o  The session is explicitly terminated (using Peer Termination), or
   o  The session times out, based on supplied timeout values.


6.3  DLEP Router session flow

   DLEP router implementations MUST support the discovery mechanism.
   Therefore, the normal flow is as follows:

   The implementation will initialize a UDP socket, binding that socket
   to the DLEP link-local multicast address (TBD) and the DLEP well-
   known port number (also TBD). The implementation will then initialize
   a TCP socket, on a unicast address and port. This socket is used to
   listen for incoming TCP connection requests.

   When the router implementation receives a Peer Discovery message on
   the UDP socket, it responds by issuing a Peer Offer message to the
   sender of the Peer Discovery. The Peer Offer message MUST contain the
   unicast address and port of the TCP listen socket, described above. A
   DLEP router implementation MAY respond with ALL address/port
   combinations that have an active TCP listen posted. If multiple
   address/port combinations are listed, the receiver of the Peer Offer
   MAY connect on any available address/port pair. Anything other than
   Peer Discovery messages received on the UDP socket MUST be silently
   dropped.

   When the DLEP router implementation accepts a connection via TCP, it
   will wait for receipt of a Peer Initialization message. The received
   Peer Initialization MUST contain metric TLVs for ALL mandatory
   metrics, and MUST contain metric TLVs for ANY optional metrics
   supported by the modem. If a new metric is to be introduced, the DLEP
   session between router and modem MUST be terminated and restarted,
   and the new metric described in a Peer Initialization message.


6.4  Common Session Flow

   In order to maintain the session between router and modem, periodic
   "Heartbeat" messages SHOULD be exchanged. These messages are intended
   to keep the session alive, and to verify bidirectional connectivity



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   between the two participants. DLEP also provides for an OPTIONAL Peer
   Update message, intended to communicate some change in status (e.g.,
   a change of layer 3 address parameters, or a modem-wide link change).

   In addition to the messages above, the participants will transmit
   DLEP messages concerning destinations in the network. These messages
   trigger creation/maintenance/deletion of destinations in the
   information base of the recipient. For example, a modem will inform
   its attached router of the presence of a new destination via the
   "Destination Up" signal. Receipt of a Destination Up causes the
   router to allocate the necessary resources, creating an entry in the
   information base with the specifics (e.g., MAC Address, Latency, Data
   Rate, etc) of the neighbor. The loss of a destination is communicated
   via the "Neighbor Down" signal, and changes in status to the
   destination (e.g. varying link quality, or addressing changes) are
   communicated via the "Neighbor Update" signal. The information on a
   given neighbor will persist in the router's information base until
   (1) a "Neighbor Down" is received, indicating that the modem has lost
   contact with the remote node, or (2) the router/modem session
   terminates, indicating that the router has lost contact with its own
   local modem.

   Again, metrics can be expressed within the context of a specific
   neighbor via the Neighbor Update message, or on a modem-wide basis
   via the Peer Update message. In cases where metrics are provided on
   the router/modem session, the receiver MUST propagate the metrics to
   all destinations in its information base that are accessed via the
   originator. A DLEP participant MAY send metrics both in a
   router/modem session context (via the Peer Update message) and a
   specific neighbor context (via Neighbor Update) at any time. The
   heuristics for applying received metrics is left to implementations.

   In addition to receiving metrics about the link, DLEP provides an
   OPTIONAL signal allowing a router to request a different datarate, or
   latency, from the modem. This signal is referred to as the Link
   Characteristics Message, and gives the router the ability to deal
   with requisite increases (or decreases) of allocated datarate/latency
   in demand-based schemes in a more deterministic manner.

7. Mandatory Signals and Data Items

   The following DLEP signals are considered core to the specification;
   implementations MUST support these signals, and the associated data
   items, in order to be considered compliant:

         Signal                        Data Items
         ======                        ==========
         Peer Discovery (Modem Only)   DLEP Version



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         Peer Offer (Router Only)      DLEP Version
                                       IPv4 or IPv6 address(es)
                                       DLEP Port

         Peer Initialization           DLEP Version
                                       Maximum Data Rate (Receive)
                                       Maximum Data Rate (Transmit)
                                       Current Data Rate (Receive)
                                       Current Data Rate (Transmit)
                                       Latency
                                       Relative Link Quality (Receive)
                                       Relative Link Quality (Transmit)

         Peer Initialization ACK       Status

         Peer Termination              None

         Peer Termination ACK          Status

         Destination Up                MAC Address
                                       Maximum Data Rate (Receive)
                                       Maximum Data Rate (Transmit)
                                       Current Data Rate (Receive)
                                       Current Data Rate (Transmit)
                                       Latency
                                       Relative Link Quality (Receive)
                                       Relative Link Quality (Transmit)

         Destination Update            MAC Address
                                       Maximum Data Rate (Receive)
                                       Maximum Data Rate (Transmit)
                                       Current Data Rate (Receive)
                                       Current Data Rate (Transmit)
                                       Latency
                                       Relative Link Quality (Receive)
                                       Relative Link Quality (Transmit)

         Destination Down              MAC Address

   All other DLEP signals and data items are OPTIONAL. Implementations
   MAY choose to provide them. Implementations that do not support
   optional signals and data items SHOULD parse, and silently drop, all
   unsupported messages and/or data items.

8. Generic DLEP Message Definition

   The Generic DLEP Message consists of a sequence of TLVs. The first
   TLV represents the signal being communicated (e.g., a "Destination



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   Up", or a "Peer Offer"). Subsequent TLVs contain the data items
   pertinent to the signal (e.g., Maximum Data Rate, or Latency, etc).

   The Generic DLEP Packet Definition contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |Signal TLV Type | Length                | DLEP data items...   |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

      Signal               - One of the DLEP Message TLV type values
                             defined in this document.

      Length               - The length, expressed as a 16-bit
                             quantity, of all of the DLEP data items
                             associated with this signal.

      DLEP data items      - One or more data items, encoded in TLVs,
                             as defined in this document.


9. DLEP Data Items

   As mentioned earlier, DLEP protocol messages are transported as a
   collection of TLVs. The first TLV present in a DLEP message MUST be
   one of the Signal TLVs, documented in section 10. The signals are
   followed by one or more data items, indicating the specific changes
   that need to be instantiated in the receiver's information base.

   Valid DLEP Data Items are:


          TLV      TLV
          Value    Description
          =========================================
          TBD      DLEP Version
          TBD      DLEP Port
          TBD      Peer Type
          TBD      IPv4 Address
          TBD      IPv6 Address
          TBD      Maximum Data Rate (Receive)  (MDRR)
          TBD      Maximum Data Rate (Transmit) (MDRT)
          TBD      Current Data Rate (Receive)  (CDRR)
          TBD      Current Data Rate (Transmit) (CDRT)
          TBD      Latency
          TBD      Receive Resources
          TBD      Transmit Resources



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          TBD      Expected Forwarding Time (EFT)
          TBD      Relative Link Quality (Receive)  (RLQR)
          TBD      Relative Link Quality (Transmit) (RLQT)
          TBD      Status
          TBD      Heartbeat Interval/Threshold
          TBD      Neighbor down ACK timer
          TBD      Link Characteristics ACK timer
          TBD      Credit Window Status
          TBD      Credit Grant
          TBD      Credit Request

   DLEP data item TLVs contain the following fields:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |  TLV Type     | Length        | Value...                      |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type    - An 8-bit unsigned integer field specifying the data
                 item being sent.

   Length      - An 8-bit length of the value field of the data item

   Value       - A field of length <Length> which contains data
                 specific to a particular data item.


9.1  DLEP Version

   The DLEP Version TLV is a MANDATORY TLV in Peer Discovery, Peer
   Offer, and Peer Initialization messages. The Version TLV is used to
   indicate the version of the protocol running in the sender. The
   receiver SHOULD use this information to decide if the potential
   session partner is running at a supported level.

   The DLEP Version TLV contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length=4       |         Major Version         |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |       Minor Version           |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type      - TBD




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   Length        - Length is 4

   Major Version - Major version of the modem or router protocol.

   Minor Version - Minor version of the modem or router protocol.

   Support of this draft is indicated by setting the Major Version
   to '1', and the Minor Version to '5' (i.e. Version 1.5).


9.2  DLEP Port

   The DLEP Port TLV is a MANDATORY TLV in the Peer Offer message. The
   DLEP Port TLV is used to indicate the TCP Port number on the DLEP
   server available for connections. The receiver MUST use this
   information to perform the TCP connect to the DLEP server.

   The DLEP Port TLV contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length=2       |       TCP Port Number         |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type        - TBD

   Length          - Length is 2

   TCP Port Number - TCP Port number on the DLEP server.

   Minor Version - Minor version of the modem or router protocol.


9.3  Peer Type

   The Peer Type TLV is an OPTIONAL TLV in both the Peer Discovery and
   Peer Offer messages. The Peer Type TLV is used by the router and
   modem to give additional information as to its type. The peer type is
   a string and is envisioned to be used for informational purposes
   (e.g. as output in a display command).

   The Peer Type TLV contains the following fields:

   0                   1                   2                   3
   0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
  |TLV Type =TBD  |Length= peer   |Peer Type String               |



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  |               |type string len|                               |
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type         - TBD

   Length           - Length of peer type string.

   Peer Type String - Non-Null terminated string, using UTF-8 encoding.
                      For example, a satellite modem might set this
                      variable to 'Satellite terminal'.

9.4  MAC Address

   The MAC address TLV MUST appear in all destination-oriented signals
   (e.g. Destination Up, Destination Up ACK, Destination Down,
   Destination Down ACK, Destination Update, Link Characteristics
   Request, and Link Characteristics ACK). The MAC Address TLV contains
   the address of the destination on the remote node. The MAC address
   MAY be either a physical or a virtual destination. Examples of a
   virtual destination would be a multicast MAC address, or the
   broadcast MAC (0xFFFFFFFFFFFF).

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 6     |          MAC Address          |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                      MAC Address                              |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type    - TBD

   Length      - 6

   MAC Address - MAC Address of the destination (either physical or
                 virtual).


9.5  IPv4 Address

   The IPv4 Address TLV is an OPTIONAL TLV. If supported, it MAY appear
   in Destination Up, Destination Update, and Peer Update messages. When
   included in Destination messages, the IPv4 Address TLV contains the
   IPv4 address of the destination, as well as a subnet mask value. In
   the Peer Update message, it contains the IPv4 address of the
   originator of the message. In either case, the TLV also contains an
   indication of whether this is a new or existing address, or is a
   deletion of a previously known address.



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   The IPv4 Address TLV contains the following fields:

   0                   1                   2                   3
   0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
  |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 6     |   Add/Drop    | IPv4 Address  |
  |               |               |   Indicator   |
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
  |            IPv4 Address                       |  Subnet Mask  |
  +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type     - TBD

   Length       - 6

   Add/Drop     - Value indicating whether this is a new or existing
                  address (0x01), or a withdrawal of an address (0x02).

   IPv4 Address - The IPv4 address of the destination or peer.

   Subnet Mask  - A subnet mask (0-32) to be applied to the IPv4
                  address.


9.6  IPv6 Address

   The IPv6 Address TLV is an OPTIONAL TLV. If supported, it MAY be used
   in the Destination Up, Destination Update, Peer Discovery, and Peer
   Update Messages. When included in Destination messages, this data
   item contains the IPv6 address of the destination. In the Peer
   Discovery and Peer Update, it contains the IPv6 address of the
   originating peer. In either case, the data item also contains an
   indication of whether this is a new or existing address, or is a
   deletion of a previously known address, as well as a subnet mask.

   The IPv6 Address TLV contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 18    |   Add/Drop    | IPv6 Address  |
   |               |               |   Indicator   |               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                        IPv6 Address                           |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                        IPv6 Address                           |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                        IPv6 Address                           |



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   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                IPv6 Address                   | Subnet Mask   |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type     - TBD

   Length       - 18

   Add/Drop     - Value indicating whether this is a new or existing
                  address (0x01), or a withdrawal of an address (0x02).

   IPv6 Address - IPv6 Address of the destination or peer.

   Subnet Mask  - A subnet mask value (0-128) to be applied to the Ipv6
                  address.


9.7  Maximum Data Rate (Receive)

   The Maximum Data Rate Receive (MDRR) TLV is used in Destination Up,
   Destination Update, Peer Discovery, Peer Update, and Link
   Characteristics ACK Messages to indicate the maximum theoretical data
   rate, in bits per second, that can be achieved while receiving data
   on the link. When metrics are reported via the messages listed above,
   the maximum data rate receive MUST be reported.

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 8     |          MDRR (bps)           |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                        MDRR (bps)                             |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |           MDRR (bps)          |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type          -  TBD

   Length            -  8

   Maximum Data Rate Receive -  A 64-bit unsigned number, representing
                        the maximum theoretical data rate, in bits per
                        second (bps), that can be achieved while
                        receiving on the link.


9.8  Maximum Data Rate (Transmit)




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   The Maximum Data Rate Transmit (MDRT) TLV is used in Destination Up,
   Destination Update, Peer Discovery, Peer Update, and Link
   Characteristics ACK Messages to indicate the maximum theoretical data
   rate, in bits per second, that can be achieved while transmitting
   data on the link. When metrics are reported via the messages listed
   above, the maximum data rate transmit MUST be reported.

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 8     |          MDRT (bps)           |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                        MDRT (bps)                             |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |           MDRT (bps)          |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type          -  TBD

   Length            -  8

   Maximum Data Rate Transmit -  A 64-bit unsigned number, representing
                        the maximum theoretical data rate, in bits per
                        second (bps), that can be achieved while
                        transmitting on the link.


9.9  Current Data Rate (Receive)

   The Current Data Rate Receive (CDRR) TLV is used in Destination Up,
   Destination Update, Peer Discovery, Peer Update, Link Characteristics
   Request, and Link Characteristics ACK messages to indicate the rate
   at which the link is currently operating for receiving traffic. The
   Current Data Rate Receive is a MANDATORY data item. In the case of
   the Link Characteristics Request, CDRR represents the desired receive
   data rate for the link. When metrics are reported via the messages
   above (e.g. Destination Update), the current data rate receive MUST
   be reported.

   The Current Data Rate Receive TLV contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |TLV Flags=0x10 |Length = 8     |CDRR (bps)     |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                        CDRR (bps)                             |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+



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   |                        CDRR (bps)             |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type          -  TBD

   Length            -  8

   Current Data Rate Receive -  A 64-bit unsigned number, representing
                        the current data rate, in bits per second, that
                        is currently be achieved while receiving traffic
                        on the link. When used in the Link
                        Characteristics Request, CDRR represents the
                        desired receive rate, in bits per second, on the
                        link. If there is no distinction between current
                        and maximum receive data rates, current data
                        rate receive SHOULD be set equal to the maximum
                        data rate receive.


9.10  Current Data Rate (Transmit)

   The Current Data Rate Receive (CDRT) TLV is used in Destination Up,
   Destination Update, Peer Discovery, Peer Update, Link Characteristics
   Request, and Link Characteristics ACK messages to indicate the rate
   at which the link is currently operating for transmitting traffic.
   Current Data Rate Transmit is a MANDATORY data item. In the case of
   the Link Characteristics Request, CDRT represents the desired
   transmit data rate for the link. When metrics are reported via the
   messages above (e.g. Destination Update), the current data rate
   transmit MUST be reported.

   The Current Data Rate Transmit TLV contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |TLV Flags=0x10 |Length = 8     |CDRT (bps)     |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                        CDRT (bps)                             |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                        CDRT (bps)             |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type          -  TBD

   Length            -  8

   Current Data Rate Transmit -  A 64-bit unsigned number, representing



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                        the current data rate, in bits per second, that
                        is currently be achieved while transmitting
                        traffic on the link. When used in the Link
                        Characteristics Request, CDRT represents the
                        desired transmit rate, in bits per second, on
                        the link. If there is no distinction between
                        current and maximum transmit data rates, current
                        data rate transmit MUST be set equal to the
                        maximum data rate transmit.


9.11  Expected Forwarding Time

   The Expected Forwarding Time (EFT) TLV is is an OPTIONAL data item.
   If supported, it MAY be used in Destination Up, Destination Update,
   Peer Discovery, and Peer Update messages to indicate the typical
   latency between the arrival of a given packet at the transmitting
   device and the reception of the packet at the other end of the link.
   EFT combines transmission time, idle time, waiting time, freezing
   time, and queuing time to the degree that those values are meaningful
   to a given transmission medium.

   The Expected Forwarding Time TLV contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 4     |           EFT (ms)            |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |            EFT (ms)           |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type    -  TBD

   Length      -  4

   EFT         -  A 32-bit unsigned number, representing the expected
                  forwarding time, in milliseconds, on the link.


9.12  Latency

   The Latency TLV is an MANDATORY data item. It is used in Peer
   Initialization, Destination Up, Destination Update, Peer Discovery,
   Peer Update, Link Characteristics Request, and Link Characteristics
   ACK messages to indicate the amount of latency on the link, or in the
   case of the Link Characteristics Request, to indicate the maximum
   latency required on the link.



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    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 2     |        Latency (ms)           |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type    -  TBD

   Length      -  2

   Latency     -  A 16-bit unsigned value, representing the transmission
                  delay that a packet encounters as it is transmitted
                  over the link. In Destination Up, Destination Update,
                  and Link Characteristics ACK, this value is reported
                  as delay, in milliseconds. The calculation of latency
                  is implementation dependent. For example, the latency
                  may be a running average calculated from the internal
                  queuing. If a device cannot calculate latency, this
                  TLV SHOUD NOT be issued. In the Link Characteristics
                  Request Message, this value represents the maximum
                  delay, in milliseconds, expected on the link.


9.13  Resources (Receive)

   The Receive Resources TLV is an OPTIONAL data item. If supported, it
   is used in Destination Up, Destination Update, Peer Discovery, Peer
   Update, and Link Characteristics ACK messages to indicate a
   percentage (0-100) amount of resources (e.g. battery power),
   committed to receiving data, remaining on the originating peer.

   The Resources TLV contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 1     | Rcv Resources|
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type    -  TBD

   Length      -  1

   Receive Resources   -  A percentage, 0-100, representing the amount
                  of remaining resources, such as battery power,
                  allocated to receiving data. If a device cannot
                  calculate receive resources, this TLV SHOULD NOT be
                  issued.



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9.14  Resources (Transmit)

   The Transmit Resources TLV is an OPTIONAL data item. If supported, it
   is used in Destination Up, Destination Update, Peer Discovery, Peer
   Update, and Link Characteristics ACK messages to indicate a
   percentage (0-100) amount of resources (e.g. battery power),
   committed to transmitting data, remaining on the originating peer.

   The Resources TLV contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 1     | Xmt Resources|
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type    -  TBD

   Length      -  1

   Transmit Resources   -  A percentage, 0-100, representing the amount
                  of remaining resources, such as battery power,
                  allocated to transmitting data. If the transmit
                  resources cannot be calculated, then the TLV SHOULD
                  NOT be issued.



9.15  Relative Link Quality (Receive)

   The Relative Link Quality Receive (RLQR) TLV is a MANDATORY data
   item. If supported, it is used in Peer Initialization, Destination
   Up, Destination Update, Peer Discovery, Peer Update, and Link
   Characteristics ACK messages to indicate the quality of the link for
   receiving data as calculated by the originating peer.

   The Relative Link Quality (Receive) TLV contains the following
   fields:

    0                   1                   2
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 1     |RCV Rel. Link  |
   |               |               |Quality (RLQR) |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type              -  TBD




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   Length                -  1

   Relative Link Quality (Receive) -  A non-dimensional number, 1-100,
                          representing relative link quality. A value of
                          100 represents a link of the highest quality.
                          If a device cannot calculate the RLQR, this
                          TLV SHOULD NOT be issued.


9.16  Relative Link Quality (Transmit)

   The Transmit Link Quality Receive (RLQT) TLV is a MANDATORY data
   item. It is used in Peer Initialization, Destination Up, Destination
   Update, Peer Discovery, Peer Update, and Link Characteristics ACK
   messages to indicate the quality of the link for transmitting data as
   calculated by the originating peer.

   The Relative Link Quality (Transmit) TLV contains the following
   fields:

    0                   1                   2
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 1     |XMT Rel. Link  |
   |               |               |Quality (RLQR) |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type              -  TBD

   Length                -  1

   Relative Link Quality (Transmit) -  A non-dimensional number, 1-100,
                          representing relative link quality. A value of
                          100 represents a link of the highest quality.
                          If a device cannot calculate the RLQT, this
                          TLV SHOULD NOT be issued.


9.17  Status

   The Status TLV is sent as part of an acknowledgement message, from
   either the modem or the router, to indicate the success or failure of
   a given request.

   The Status TLV contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3



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   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 1     |     Code      |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type         - TBD

   Length           - 1

   Termination Code - 0 = Success, Non-zero = Failure. Specific values
                          of a non-zero termination code depend on the
                          operation requested (e.g. Destination Up,
                          Destination Down, etc).


9.18  Heartbeat Interval

   The Heartbeat Interval TLV is a MANDATORY TLV. It MUST be sent during
   Peer Initialization to indicate the desired Heartbeat timeout window.
   The router MUST either accept the timeout interval supplied by the
   modem, or reject the Peer Initialization, and close the socket.
   Implementations MUST implement heuristics such that DLEP signals
   sent/received reset the timer interval.

   The Interval is used to specify a period (in seconds) for Heartbeat
   Messages (See Section 23). By specifying an Interval value of 0,
   implementations MAY indicates the desire to disable Heartbeat
   messages entirely (e.g., the Interval is set to an infinite value),
   however, it is strongly recommended that implementations use non 0
   timer values.

   A DLEP session will be considered inactive, and MUST be torn down, by
   an implementation detecting that two (2) Heartbeat intervals have
   transpired without receipt of any DLEP messages.

   The Heartbeat Interval TLV contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 2     |           Interval            |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type         - TBD

   Length           - 2

   Interval         - 0 = Do NOT use heartbeats on this peer-to-peer
                      session. Non-zero = Interval, in seconds, for



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                      heartbeat messages.

9.19  Link Characteristics ACK Timer

   The Link Characteristics ACK Timer TLV is an OPTIONAL TLV. If
   supported, it MAY be sent during Peer Initialization to indicate the
   desired number of seconds to wait for a response to a Link
   Characteristics Request. If a router receives this TLV from a modem
   during Peer Discovery, the router MUST either accept the timeout
   value, or reject the Peer Discovery. If this TLV is omitted,
   implementations supporting the Link Characteristics Request SHOULD
   choose a default value.

   The Link Characteristics ACK Timer TLV contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 1     | Interval      |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type     - TBD

   Length       - 1

   Interval     - 0 = Do NOT use timeouts for Link Characteristics
                  requests on this router/modem session. Non-zero =
                  Interval, in seconds, to wait before considering a
                  Link Characteristics Request has been lost.

9.20  Credit Window Status

   The Credit Window Status TLV is an OPTIONAL TLV. If credits are
   supported by the DLEP participants (both the router and the modem),
   the Credit Window Status TLV MUST be sent by the participant
   receiving a Credit Grant Request for a given destination.

   The Credit Window Status TLV contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 16    | Modem Receive Window Value    |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                   Modem Receive Window Value                  |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |  Modem Receive Window Value   | Router Receive Window Value   |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+



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   |                Router Receive Window Value                    |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |  Router Receive Window Value  |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type                    - TBD

   Length                      - 16

   Modem Receive Window Value  - A 64-bit unsigned number, indicating
                                 the current (or initial) number of
                                 credits available on the Modem Receive
                                 Window.

   Router Receive Window Value - A 64-bit unsigned number, indicating
                                 the current (or initial) number of
                                 credits available on the Router Receive
                                 Window.


9.21  Credit Grant Request

   The Credit Grant Request TLV is an OPTIONAL TLV. If credits are
   supported, the Credit Grant Request TLV is sent from a DLEP
   participant to grant an increment to credits on a window. The Credit
   Grant TLV is sent as a data item in either the Destination Up or
   Destination Update messages. The value in a Credit Grant TLV
   represents an increment to be added to any existing credits available
   on the window. Upon successful receipt and processing of a Credit
   Grant TLV, the receiver MUST respond with a message containing a
   Credit Window Status TLV to report the updated aggregate values for
   synchronization purposes.

   In the Destination Up message, when credits are desired, the
   originating peer MUST set the initial credit value of the window it
   controls (e.g. the Modem Receive Window, or Router Receive Window) to
   an initial, non-zero value. If the receiver of a Destination Up
   message with a Credit Grant Request TLV supports credits, the
   receiver MUST either reject the use of credits, via a Destination Up
   ACK response with the correct Status TLV, or set the initial value
   from the data contained in the Credit Window Status TLV. If the
   initialization completes successfully, the receiver MUST respond to
   the Destination Up message with a Destination Up ACK message that
   contains a Credit Window Status TLV, initializing its receive window.

   The Credit Grant TLV contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2                   3



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    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 8     |       Credit Increment        |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                      Credit Increment                         |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |      Credit Increment         |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type         - TBD

   Length           - 8

   Reserved         - A 64-bit unsigned number representing the
                      additional credits to be assigned to the credit
                      window. Since credits can only be granted by the
                      receiver on a window, the applicable credit window
                      (either the MRW or the RRW) is derived from the
                      sender of the grant. The Credit Increment MUST NOT
                      cause the window to overflow; if this condition
                      occurs, implementations MUST set the credit window
                      to the maximum value contained in a 64-bit
                      quantity.


9.22  Credit Request

   The Credit Request TLV is an OPTIONAL TLV. If credits are supported,
   the Credit Request TLV MAY be sent from either DLEP participant, via
   a Destination Update signal, to indicate the desire for the partner
   to grant additional credits in order for data transfer to proceed on
   the session. If the corresponding Destination Up message for this
   session did NOT contain a Credit Window Status TLV, indicating that
   credits are to be used on the session, then the Credit Request TLV
   MUST be rejected by the receiver via a Destination Update ACK
   message.

   The Credit Request TLV contains the following fields:

    0                   1                   2
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |TLV Type =TBD  |Length = 0     | Reserved, MUST|
   |               |               | be set to 0   |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   TLV Type     - TBD




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   Length       - 0

   Reserved     - This field is currently unused and MUST be set to 0.


10. DLEP Protocol Messages

   DLEP messages are encoded as a string of Type-Length-Value (TLV)
   constructs. The first TLV in a DLEP message MUST be a valid DLEP
   signal, as defined in section 11.1 of this document. The second TLV
   MUST be the Identification data item, defined in section 10.1
   Following those two TLVs are 0 or more TLVs, representing the data
   items that are appropriate for the signal. The layout of a DLEP
   message is thus:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   | DLEP Signal   |DLEP Message   |Identification |Identification |
   | Type value    |length (9 +    |TLV Type       |TLV length     |
   | (value TBD)   |optional TLVs) |(TBD)          |(8)            |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                            Router ID                          |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                            Modem ID                           |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   | Start of optional DLEP        |
   | TLVs...                       |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   All DLEP messages (signals) begin with this structure. Therefore, in
   the following descriptions of specific messages, this header
   structure is assumed, and will not be replicated.


10.1  Signal TLV Values

   As mentioned above, all DLEP messages begin with the Type value of
   the appropriate DLEP signal. Valid DLEP signals are:

          TLV      TLV
          Value    Description
          =========================================
          TBD      Peer Discovery
          TBD      Peer Offer
          TBD      Peer Initialization
          TBD      Peer Update
          TBD      Peer Update ACK



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          TBD      Peer Termination
          TBD      Peer Termination ACK
          TBD      Destination Up
          TBD      Destination Up ACK
          TBD      Destination Down
          TBD      Destination Down ACK
          TBD      Destination Update
          TBD      Heartbeat
          TBD      Link Characteristics Request
          TBD      Link Characteristics ACK

10.2 Peer Discovery Message

   The Peer Discovery Message is sent by a modem to discover DLEP
   routers in the network. The Peer Offer message is required to
   complete the discovery process. Implementations MAY implement their
   own retry heuristics in cases where it is determined the Peer
   Discovery Message has timed out.

   Given the packet format described in section 11, the initial TLV Type
   value is set to DLEP_PEER_DISCOVERY (value TBD).

   There are NO Data Item TLVs associated with the Peer Discovery
   message.

10.3 Peer Offer Message

   The Peer Offer Message is sent by a DLEP router in response to a Peer
   Discovery Message. Upon receipt, and processing, of a Peer Offer
   message, the modem responds by issuing a TCP connect to the
   address/port combination specified in the received Peer Offer.

   The Peer Offer message MUST be sent to the unicast address of the
   originator of Peer Discovery.

   To construct a Peer Offer message, the initial TLV type value is set
   to DLEP_PEER_OFFER (value TBD). The signal TLV is then followed by
   all MANDATORY Data Item TLVs, then by any OPTIONAL Data Item TLVs the
   implementation supports:

   Mandatory Data Item TLVs:
              - DLEP Version
              - Heartbeat Interval
              - At least one (1) IPv4 or IPv6 Address TLV
              - DLEP Port

   Optional Data Item TLVs:
              - Peer Type



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              - Status

10.4 Peer Initialization Message

   The Peer Initialization message is sent by a modem to start the DLEP
   TCP session. It is sent by the modem after a TCP connect to the
   address/port combination in a received Peer Offer, or to an
   address/port obtained from a-priori configuration.

   All supported metric data items MUST be included in the Peer
   Initialization message, with default values to be used on a "modem-
   wide" basis. This can be viewed as the modem "declaring" all
   supported metrics at DLEP session initialization. Receipt of any DLEP
   message containing a metric data item NOT included in Peer
   Initialization MUST be treated as an error, resulting in termination
   of the DLEP session between router and modem.

   To construct a Peer Initialization message, the initial TLV type
   value is set to DLEP_PEER_INIT (value TBD). The signal TLV is then
   followed by the required data items:

   Mandatory Data Item TLVs:
               - DLEP Version
               - Heartbeat Interval
               - Maximum Data Rate Receive
               - Maximum Data Rate Transmit
               - Current Data Rate Receive
               - Current Data Rate Transmit
               - Latency
               - Relative Link Quality Receive
               - Relative Link Quality Transmit
   Optional Data Item TLVs:
              - Peer Type
   Note that metric data items MUST be supplied with the Peer
   Initialization, in order to populate default metric values. If, at
   any time, metrics are reported that were NOT in Peer Initialization,
   the receiving DLEP peer MUST treat this as a fatal error requiring
   termination of the DLEP session.

10.5 Peer Initialization ACK Message

   The Peer Initialization ACK message is a MANDATORY message, sent in
   response to a received Peer Initialization message. The Peer
   Initialization ACK message completes the TCP-level DLEP session
   establishment; the sender of the message should transition to an "in-
   session" state when the message is sent, and the receiver should
   transition to the "in-session" state upon receipt (and successful
   parsing) of Peer Initialization ACK.



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   To construct a Peer Initialization ACK message, the initial TLV type
   value is set to DLEP_PEER_INIT_ACK (value TBD). The signal TLV is
   then followed by the required data items:

   Mandatory Data Item TLVs:
               - Status
   Optional Data Item TLVs:
               - Peer Type

10.6 Peer Update Message

   The Peer Update message is an OPTIONAL message, sent by a DLEP peer
   to indicate local Layer 3 address changes, or for metric changes on a
   modem-wide basis. For example, addition of an IPv4 address to the
   router MAY prompt a Peer Update message to its attached DLEP modems.
   Also, a modem that changes its Maximum Data Rate for all destinations
   MAY reflect that change via a Peer Update Message to its attached
   router(s).

   Concerning Layer 3 addresses, if the modem is capable of
   understanding and forwarding this information (via proprietary
   mechanisms), the address update would prompt any remote DLEP modems
   (DLEP-enabled modems in a remote node) to issue a "Destination
   Update" message to their local routers with the new (or deleted)
   addresses. Modems that do not track Layer 3 addresses SHOULD silently
   parse and ignore the Peer Update Message. Modems that track Layer 3
   addresses MUST acknowledge the Peer Update with a Peer Update ACK
   message. Routers receiving a Peer Update with metric changes MUST
   apply the new metric to all destinations (remote nodes) accessible
   via the modem. Supporting implementations are free to employ
   heuristics to retransmit Peer Update messages. The sending of Peer
   Update Messages for Layer 3 address changes SHOULD cease when a
   either participant (router or modem) determines that the other
   implementation does NOT support Layer 3 address tracking.

   If metrics are supplied with the Peer Update message (e.g. Maximum
   Data Rate), these metrics are considered to be modem-wide, and
   therefore MUST be applied to all destinations in the information base
   associated with the router/modem session.

   To construct a Peer Update message, the initial TLV type value is set
   to DLEP_PEER_UPDATE (value TBD). The Signal TLV is followed by any
   OPTIONAL Data Item TLVs.

   Optional Data Item TLVs:
              - IPv4 Address
              - IPv6 Address
              - Maximum Data Rate (Receive)



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              - Maximum Data Rate (Transmit)
              - Current Data Rate (Receive)
              - Current Data Rate (Transmit)
              - Latency
              - Expected Forwarding Time
              - Resources (Receive)
              - Resources (Transmit)
              - Relative Link Quality (Receive)
          - Relative Link Quality (Transmit)

10.7 Peer Update ACK Message

   The Peer Update ACK message is an OPTIONAL message, and is sent by
   implementations supporting Layer 3 address tracking and/or modem-wide
   metrics to indicate whether a Peer Update Message was successfully
   processed. If the Peer Update ACK is issued, it MUST contain a Status
   data item, indicating the success or failure of processing the
   received Peer Update.

   To construct a Peer Update ACK message, the initial TLV type value is
   set to DLEP_PEER_UPDATE_ACK (value TBD). The Status data item TLV is
   placed in the packet next, completing the Peer Update ACK.

   Mandatory Data Item TLVs:

             - Status

   Note that there are NO OPTIONAL data item TLVs specified for this
   message.

10.8 Peer Termination Message

   The Peer Termination Message is sent by a DLEP participant when the
   router/modem session needs to be terminated. Implementations
   receiving a Peer Termination message MUST send a Peer Termination ACK
   message to confirm the termination process. The sender of a Peer
   Termination message is free to define its heuristics in event of a
   timeout. The receiver of a Peer Termination Message MUST release all
   resources allocated for the router/modem session, and MUST eliminate
   all destinations in the information base accessible via the
   router/modem pair represented by the session. Router and modem state
   machines are returned to the "discovery" state. No Destination Down
   messages are sent.

   To construct a Peer Termination message, the initial TLV type value
   is set to DLEP_PEER_TERMINATION (value TBD). The Signal TLV is
   followed by any OPTIONAL Data Item TLVs the implementation supports:




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   Optional Data Item TLVs:

             - Status

10.9 Peer Termination ACK Message

   The Peer Termination Message ACK is sent by a DLEP peer in response
   to a received Peer Termination order. Receipt of a Peer Termination
   ACK message completes the teardown of the router/modem session.

   To construct a Peer Termination ACK message, the initial TLV type
   value is set to DLEP_PEER_TERMINATION_ACK (value TBD). The
   Identification data item TLV is placed in the packet next, followed
   by any OPTIONAL TLVs the implementation supports:

   Optional Data Item TLVs:

             - Status

10.10 Destination Up Message

   A DLEP participant sends the Destination Up message to report that a
   new destination has been detected. A Destination Up ACK Message is
   required to confirm a received Destination Up. A Destination Up
   message can be sent either by the modem, to indicate that a new
   remote node has been detected, or by the router, to indicate the
   presence of a new logical destination (e.g., a Multicast group)
   exists in the network.

   The sender of the Destination Up Message is free to define its retry
   heuristics in event of a timeout. When a Destination Up message is
   received and successfully parsed, the receiver should add knowledge
   of the new destination to its information base, indicating that the
   destination is accessible via the modem/router pair.

   To construct a Destination Up message, the initial TLV type value is
   set to DLEP_Destination_UP (value TBD). The MAC Address data item TLV
   is placed in the packet next, followed by any supported OPTIONAL Data
   Item TLVs into the packet:

   Optional Data Item TLVs:

              - IPv4 Address
              - IPv6 Address
              - Maximum Data Rate (Receive)
              - Maximum Data Rate (Transmit)
              - Current Data Rate (Receive)
              - Current Data Rate (Transmit)



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              - Latency
              - Expected Forwarding Time
              - Resources (Receive)
              - Resources (Transmit)
              - Relative Link Factor (Receive)
              - Relative Link Factor (Transmit)
              - Credit Window Status

10.11 Destination Up ACK Message

   A DLEP participant sends the Destination Up ACK Message to indicate
   whether a Destination Up Message was successfully processed.

   To construct a Destination Up ACK message, the initial TLV type value
   is set to DLEP_Destination_UP_ACK (value TBD). The MAC Address data
   item TLV is placed in the packet next, containing the MAC address of
   the DLEP destination. The implementation would then place any
   supported OPTIONAL Data Item TLVs into the packet:

   Optional Data Item TLVs:
              - Credit Window Status

10.12 Destination Down Message

   A DLEP peer sends the Destination Down message to report when a
   destination (a remote node or a multicast group) is no longer
   reachable. The Destination Down message MUST contain the MAC Address
   data item TLV. Other TLVs as listed are OPTIONAL, and MAY be present
   if an implementation supports them. A Destination Down ACK Message
   MUST be sent by the recipient of a Destination Down message to
   confirm that the relevant data has been removed from the information
   base. The sender of the Destination Down message is free to define
   its retry heuristics in event of a timeout.

   To construct a Destination Down message, the initial TLV type value
   is set to DLEP_Destination_DOWN (value TBD). The signal TLV is
   followed by the mandatory MAC Address data item TLV.

   Note that there are NO OPTIONAL data item TLVs for this message.

10.13 Destination Down ACK Message

   A DLEP participant sends the Destination Down ACK Message to indicate
   whether a received Destination Down Message was successfully
   processed. If successfully processed, the sender of the ACK MUST have
   removed all entries in the information base that pertain to the
   referenced destination. As with the Destination Down message, there
   are NO OPTIONAL Data Item TLVs defined for the Destination Down ACK



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   message.

   To construct a Destination Down message, the initial TLV type value
   is set to DLEP_Destination_DOWN_ACK (value TBD). The mandatory data
   item TLVs follow:

      - MAC Address Data item
      - Status data item

10.14 Destination Update Message

   A DLEP participant sends the Destination Update message when it
   detects some change in the information base for a given destination
   (remote node or multicast group). Some examples of changes that would
   prompt a Destination Update message are:

       - Change in link metrics (e.g., Data Rates)
       - Layer 3 addressing change (for implementations that support it)


   To construct a Destination Update message, the initial TLV type value
   is set to DLEP_Destination_UPDATE (value TBD). Following the signal
   TLV are the mandatory Data Item TLVs:

   MAC Address data item TLV

   After placing the mandatory data item TLV into the packet, the
   implementation would place any supported OPTIONAL data item TLVs.
   Possible OPTIONAL data item TLVs are:


              - IPv4 Address
              - IPv6 Address
              - Maximum Data Rate (Receive)
              - Maximum Data Rate (Transmit)
              - Current Data Rate (Receive)
              - Current Data Rate (Transmit)
              - Latency
              - Resources (Receive)
              - Resources (Transmit)
              - Relative Link Quality (Receive)
              - Relative Link Quality (Transmit)
              - Credit Window Status
              - Credit Grant
              - Credit Request

10.15 Heartbeat Message




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   A Heartbeat Message is sent by a DLEP participant every N seconds,
   where N is defined in the "Heartbeat Interval" field of the discovery
   message. Note that implementations setting the Heartbeat Interval to
   0 effectively set the interval to an infinite value, therefore, in
   those cases, this message would NOT be sent.

   The message is used by participants to detect when a DLEP session
   partner (either the modem or the router) is no longer communicating.
   Participants SHOULD allow two (2) heartbeat intervals to expire with
   no traffic on the router/modem session before initiating DLEP session
   termination procedures.

   To construct a Heartbeat message, the initial TLV type value is set
   to DLEP_PEER_HEARTBEAT (value TBD). The signal TLV is followed by the
   mandatory Heartbeat Interval/Threshold data item.

   Note that there are NO OPTIONAL data item TLVs for this message.


10.16 Link Characteristics Request Message

   The Link Characteristics Request Message is an OPTIONAL message, and
   is sent by the router to request that the modem initiate changes for
   specific characteristics of the link. The request can reference
   either a real (e.g., a remote node), or a logical (e.g., a multicast
   group) destination within the network.

   The Link Characteristics Request message contains either a Current
   Data Rate (CDRR or CDRT) TLV to request a different datarate than
   what is currently allocated, a Latency TLV to request that traffic
   delay on the link not exceed the specified value, or both. A Link
   Characteristics ACK Message is required to complete the request.
   Implementations are free to define their retry heuristics in event of
   a timeout. Issuing a Link Characteristics Request with ONLY the MAC
   Address TLV is a mechanism a peer MAY use to request metrics (via the
   Link Characteristics ACK) from its partner.

   To construct a Link Characteristics Request message, the initial TLV
   type value is set to DLEP_Destination_LINK_CHAR_REQ (value TBD).
   Following the signal TLV is the mandatory Data Item TLV:

   MAC Address data item TLV

   After placing the mandatory data item TLV into the packet, the
   implementation would place any supported OPTIONAL data item TLVs.
   Possible OPTIONAL data item TLVs are:

   Current Data Rate  -  If present, this value represents the NEW (or



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                         unchanged, if the request is denied) Current
                         Data Rate in bits per second (bps).

   Latency            -  If present, this value represents the maximum
                         desired latency (e.g., it is a not-to-exceed
                         value) in milliseconds on the link.

10.17 Link Characteristics ACK Message

   The LInk Characteristics ACK message is an OPTIONAL message, and is
   sent by modems supporting it to the router letting the router know
   the success or failure of a requested change in link characteristics.
    The Link Characteristics ACK message SHOULD contain a complete set
   of metric data item TLVs. It MUST contain the same TLV types as the
   request. The values in the metric data item TLVs in the Link
   Characteristics ACK message MUST reflect the link characteristics
   after the request has been processed.

   To construct a Link Characteristics Request ACK message, the initial
   TLV type value is set to DLEP_Destination_LINK_CHAR_ACK (value TBD).
   Following the signal TLV is the mandatory Data Item TLV:

   MAC Address data item TLV

   After placing the mandatory data item TLV into the packet, the
   implementation would place any supported OPTIONAL data item TLVs.
   Possible OPTIONAL data item TLVs are:

   Current Data Rate  -  If present, this value represents the requested
                         data rate in bits per second (bps).

   Latency            -  If present, this value represents the NEW
                         maximum latency (or unchanged, if the request
                         is denied), expressed in milliseconds, on the
                         link.


11.  Security Considerations

   The protocol does not contain any mechanisms for security (e.g.
   authentication or encryption). The protocol assumes that any security
   would be implemented in the underlying transport (for example, by use
   of DTLS or some other mechanism), and is therefore outside the scope
   of this document.

12.  IANA Considerations

   This section specifies requests to IANA.



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12.1  Registrations

   This specification defines:

   o  A new repository for DLEP signals, with fifteen values currently
   assigned.

   o  Reservation of numbering space for Experimental DLEP signals.

   o  A new repository for DLEP Data Items, with twenty-one values
   currently assigned.

   o  Reservation of numbering space in the Data Items repository for
   experimental data items.

   o  A request for allocation of a well-known port for DLEP
   communication.

   o  A request for allocation of a multicast address for DLEP
   discovery.


12.2  Expert Review: Evaluation Guidelines

   No additional guidelines for expert review are anticipated.


12.3  Message (Signal) TLV Type Registration

   A new repository must be created with the values of the DLEP
   messages. Valid signals are:

       o   Peer Discovery
       o   Peer Offer
       o   Peer Initialization
       o   Peer Initialization ACK
       o   Peer Update
       o   Peer Update ACK
       o   Peer Termination
       o   Peer Termination ACK
       o   Destination Up
       o   Destination Up ACK
       o   Destination Down
       o   Destination Down ACK
       o   Destination Update
       o   Heartbeat
       o   Link Characteristics Request
       o   Link Characteristics ACK



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   It is also requested that the repository contain space for
   experimental signal types.


12.4  DLEP Data Item Registrations

   A new repository for DLEP Data Items must be created. Valid Data
   Items are:

       o   DLEP Version
       o   Peer Type
       o   MAC Address
       o   IPv4 Address
       o   IPv6 Address
       o   Maximum Data Rate (Receive)
       o   Maximum Data Rate (Transmit)
       o   Current Data Rate (Receive)
       o   Current Data Rate (Transmit)
       o   Latency
       o   Expected Forwarding Time
       o   Resources (Receive)
       o   Resources (Transmit)
       o   Relative Link Quality (Receive)
       o   Relative Link Quality (Transmit)
       o   Status
       o   Heartbeat Interval/Threshold
       o   Link Characteristics ACK Timer
       o   Credit Window Status
       o   Credit Grant
       o   Credit Request

   It is also requested that the registry allocation contain space for
   experimental data items.

12.5  DLEP Well-known Port

   It is requested that IANA allocate a well-known port number for DLEP
   communication.

12.6  DLEP Multicast Address

   It is requested that IANA allocate a multicast address for DLEP
   discovery messages.

13. Appendix A.


13.1  Peer Level Message Flows



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13.1.1  Modem Device Restarts Discovery

   Router                    Modem   Message Description
   ====================================================================

   <-------Peer Discovery---------    Modem initiates discovery


    ---------Peer Offer----------->   Router detects a problem, sends
      w/ Non-zero Status TLV          Peer Offer w/Status TLV indicating
                                      the error.

                                      Modem accepts failure, restarts
                                      discovery process.

   <-------Peer Discovery---------    Modem initiates discovery


    ---------Peer Offer----------->   Router accepts, sends Peer Offer
         w/ Zero Status TLV           w/ Status TLV indicating success.

                                      Discovery completed.



13.1.2  Modem Device Detects Peer Offer Timeout

   Router                    Modem   Message Description
   ====================================================================

   <-------Peer Discovery---------    Modem initiates discovery, starts
                                      a guard timer.

                                      Modem guard timer expires. Modem
                                      restarts discovery process.

    <-------Peer Discovery---------   Modem initiates discovery, starts
                                      a guard timer.

    ---------Peer Offer----------->   Router accepts, sends Peer Offer
         w/ Zero Status TLV           w/ Status TLV indicating success.

                                      Discovery completed.








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13.1.3  Router Peer Offer Lost

   Router                    Modem   Message Description
   ====================================================================

   <-------Peer Discovery---------    Modem initiates discovery, starts
                                      a guard timer.

    ---------Peer Offer-------||      Router offers availability

                                      Modem times out on Peer Offer,
                                      restarts discovery process.

   <-------Peer Discovery---------    Modem initiates discovery

    ---------Peer Offer----------->   Router detects subsequent
                                      discovery, internally terminates
                                      the previous, accepts the new
                                      association, sends Peer Offer
                                      w/Status TLV indicating success.


                                      Discovery completed.


13.1.4  Discovery Success

   Router                    Modem   Message Description
   ====================================================================

   <-------Peer Discovery---------    Modem initiates discovery

    ---------Peer Offer----------->   Router offers availability

    <-----Peer Initialization------    Modem Connects on TCP Port

    <------Peer Heartbeat----------

   -------Peer Heartbeat--------->

   <==============================>   Message flow about destinations
                                  (i.e. Destination Up, Destination
                                Down, Destination update)

   <-------Peer Heartbeat---------

    -------Peer Heartbeat--------->




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    --------Peer Term Req--------->   Terminate Request

   <--------Peer Term Res---------    Terminate Response

29.1.5  Router Detects a Heartbeat timeout

   Router                    Modem   Message Description
   ====================================================================

   <-------Peer Heartbeat---------

    -------Peer Heartbeat--------->

      ||---Peer Heartbeat---------

           ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    -------Peer Heartbeat--------->

      ||---Peer Heartbeat---------
                                      Router Heartbeat Timer expires,
                                      detects missing heartbeats. Router
                                      takes down all destination sessions
                                      and terminates the Peer
                                      association.

    ------Peer Terminate --------->   Peer Terminate Request

                                      Modem takes down all destination
                                      sessions, then acknowledges the
                                      Peer Terminate

   <----Peer Terminate ACK---------   Peer Terminate ACK

29.1.6  Modem Detects a Heartbeat timeout

   Router                    Modem   Message Description
   ====================================================================

   <-------Peer Heartbeat---------

    -------Peer Heartbeat------||

   <-------Peer Heartbeat---------

           ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

    -------Peer Heartbeat------||



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   <-------Peer Heartbeat---------
                                      Modem Heartbeat Timer expires,
                                      detects missing heartbeats. Modem
                                      takes down all destination sessions

    <-------Peer Terminate--------    Peer Terminate Request

                                      Router takes down all destination
                                      sessions, then acknowledges the
                                      Peer Terminate

    ------Peer Terminate ACK----->    Peer Terminate ACK




29.1.7  Peer Terminate (from Modem) Lost

   Router                    Modem   Message Description
   ====================================================================

     ||------Peer Terminate--------   Modem Peer Terminate Request

                                      Router Heartbeat times out,
                                      terminates association.

    --------Peer Terminate------->    Router Peer Terminate

    <-----Peer Terminate ACK------    Modem sends Peer Terminate ACK



29.1.8  Peer Terminate (from Router) Lost

   Router                    Modem   Message Description
   ====================================================================

    -------Peer Terminate-------->    Router Peer Terminate Request

                                      Modem HB times out,
                                      terminates association.

    <------Peer Terminate--------     Modem Peer Terminate

    ------Peer Terminate ACK----->    Peer Terminate ACK


29.2  Destination Specific Message Flows



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29.2.1  Modem Destination Up Lost

   Router                    Modem   Message Description
   ====================================================================

    ||-----Destination Up ------------   Modem sends Destination Up

                                      Modem timesout on ACK

    <------Destination Up ------------   Modem sends Destination Up

    ------Destination Up ACK--------->   Router accepts the destination
                                      session

   <------Destination Update---------    Modem Destination Metrics
          . . . . . . . .
   <------Destination Update---------    Modem Destination Metrics



29.2.2  Router Detects Duplicate Destination Ups

   Router                    Modem   Message Description
   ====================================================================

    <------Destination Up ------------   Modem sends Destination Up

    ------Destination Up ACK-------||    Router accepts the destination
                                      session

                                      Modem timesout on ACK

    <------Destination Up ------------   Modem resends Destination Up

                                      Router detects duplicate
                                      Destination, takes down the
                                      previous, accepts the new
                                      Destination.

    ------Destination Up ACK--------->   Router accepts the destination
                                      session

   <------Destination Update---------    Modem Destination Metrics
          . . . . . . . .
   <------Destination Update---------    Modem Destination Metrics






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29.2.3  Destination Up, No Layer 3 Addresses

   Router                    Modem    Message Description
   ====================================================================

    <------Destination Up ------------   Modem sends Destination Up

    ------Destination Up ACK--------->   Router accepts the destination
                                      session

                                      Router ARPs for IPv4 if defined.
                                      Router drives ND for IPv6 if
                                      defined.

   <------Destination Update---------    Modem Destination Metrics
          . . . . . . . .
   <------Destination Update---------    Modem Destination Metrics


29.2.4  Destination Up with IPv4, No IPv6

   Router                    Modem   Message Description
   ====================================================================

    <------Destination Up ------------   Modem sends Destination Up with
                                      the IPv4 TLV

    ------Destination Up ACK--------->   Router accepts the destination
                                      session

                                      Router drives ND for IPv6 if
                                      defined.

   <------Destination Update---------    Modem Destination Metrics
          . . . . . . . .
   <------Destination Update---------    Modem Destination Metrics


29.2.5  Destination Up with IPv4 and IPv6

   Router                    Modem   Message Description
   ====================================================================

    <------Destination Up ------------   Modem sends Destination Up with
                                      the IPv4 and IPv6 TLVs

    ------Destination Up ACK--------->   Router accepts the destination
                                      session



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   <------Destination Update---------    Modem Destination Metrics
          . . . . . . . .


29.2.6  Destination Session Success

   Router                    Modem   Message Description
   ====================================================================


    ---------Peer Offer----------->   Router offers availability

    -------Peer Heartbeat--------->


   <------Destination Up -----------      Modem

    ------Destination Up ACK-------->     Router

   <------Destination Update---------     Modem
          . . . . . . . .
   <------Destination Update---------     Modem

                                       Modem initiates the terminate

   <------Destination Down ----------     Modem

    ------Destination Down ACK------->    Router

                                       or

                                       Router initiates the terminate

    ------Destination Down ---------->    Router

   <------Destination Down ACK-------     Modem


Acknowledgements

   The authors would like to acknowledge and thank the members of the
   DLEP design team, who have provided invaluable insight. The members
   of the design team are:  Teco Boot, Bow-Nan Cheng, John Dowdell,
   Henning Rogge, and Rick Taylor.

   The authors would also like to acknowledge the influence and
   contributions of Chris Olsen, Martin Duke, Subir Das, Jaewon Kang,
   Vikram Kaul, and Nelson Powell.



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Normative References

   [RFC5578] Berry, B., Ed., "PPPoE with Credit Flow and Metrics",
             RFC 5578, February 2010.

   [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate

Informative References

   [TLS]  Dierks, T. and Rescorla, E. "The Transport Layer Security
          (TLS) Protocol", RFC 5246, August 2008.


Author's Addresses

   Stan Ratliff
   Cisco
   170 West Tasman Drive
   San Jose, CA  95134
   USA
   EMail: sratliff@cisco.com

   Bo Berry
   Cisco
   170 West Tasman Drive
   San Jose, CA  95134
   USA
   EMail: boberry@cisco.com

   Greg Harrison
   Cisco
   170 West Tasman Drive
   San Jose, CA  95134
   USA
   EMail: greharri@cisco.com

   Shawn Jury
   Cisco
   170 West Tasman Drive
   San Jose, CA  95134
   USA
   Email: sjury@cisco.com

   Darryl Satterwhite
   Broadcom
   USA
   Email: dsatterw@broadcom.com




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