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Versions: (draft-rekhter-mpls-pim-sm-over-mldp) 00 01 02 03 RFC 7442

Network Working Group                                      Yakov Rekhter
Internet Draft                                          Juniper Networks
Intended status: Standards Track
Expires: May 2015                                         Rahul Aggarwal
                                                                  Arktan

                                                         Nicolai Leymann
                                                        Deutsche Telekom

                                                          Wim Henderickx
                                                          Alcatel-Lucent

                                                            Quintin Zhao
                                                                  Huawei

                                                              Richard Li
                                                                  Huawei

                                                       November 28, 2014


         Carrying PIM-SM in ASM mode Trees over P2MP mLDP LSPs


                draft-ietf-mpls-pim-sm-over-mldp-03.txt

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted to IETF in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

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   http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html.






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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors. All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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   described in the Simplified BSD License.


Abstract

   When IP multicast trees created by PIM-SM in Any Source Multicast
   (ASM) mode need to pass through an MPLS domain, it may be desirable
   to map such trees to Point-to-Multipoint Label Switched Paths. This
   document describes how to accomplish this in the case where such
   Point-to-Multipoint Label Switched Paths are established using Label
   Distribution Protocol Extensions for Point-to-Multipoint and
   Multipoint-to-Multipoint Label Switched Paths Multipoint LDP (mLDP).


























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Table of Contents

 1   Introduction  .................................................   3
 1.1 Specification of Requirements  ................................   5
 2   Mechanism 1 - Non-transitive Mapping of IP Multicast Shared Trees 5
 2.1 Originating Source Active Auto-Discovery Routes (Mechanism 1) ..  5
 2.2 Receiving Source Active Auto-Discovery Route by LSR  ..........   6
 2.3 Handling (S, G, RPT-bit) State  ...............................   6
 3   Mechanism 2 - Transitive Mapping of IP Multicast Shared Tree ...  6
 3.1 In-band Signaling for IP Multicast Shared Trees  ..............   7
 3.2 Originating Source Active Auto-Discovery Routes (Mechanism 2) ..  8
 3.3 Receiving Source Active Auto-Discovery Route  .................   9
 3.4 Pruning Sources Off the Shared Tree  ..........................   9
 3.5 More on Handling (S,G,RPT-bit) State  .........................  10
 4   IANA Considerations  ..........................................  10
 5   Security Considerations  ......................................  10
 6   Acknowledgements  .............................................  10
 7   Normative References  .........................................  11
 8   Informative References  .......................................  11
 9   Authors' Addresses  ...........................................  11






1. Introduction

   [RFC6826] describes how to map Point-to-Multipoint Label Switched
   Paths (P2MP LSPs) created by mLDP [RFC6388] to multicast trees
   created by PIM-SM in Source-Specific Multicast (SSM) mode [RFC4607].
   This document describes how to map mLDP P2MP trees to multicast trees
   created by PIM-SM in Any-Source Multicast (ASM) mode. It describes
   two possible mechanisms for doing this.

   The first mechanism, described in Section 2, is OPTIONAL for
   implementations, but the second mechanism, described in Section 3, is
   REQUIRED for all implementations claiming conformance to this
   specification.

   Note that from a deployment point of view these two mechanisms are
   mutually exclusive. That is on the same network one could deploy
   either one of the mechanisms, but not both.



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   The reader of this document is expected to be familiar with PIM-SM
   [RFC4601] and mLDP [RFC6388].

   This document relies on the procedures in [RFC6826] to support Source
   Trees. E.g., following these procedures a Label Switching Router
   (LSR) may initiate an mLDP Label Map with the Transit IPv4/IPv6
   Source TLV for (S, G) when receiving a PIM (S,G) Join.

   This document uses BGP Source Active auto-discovery routes, as
   defined in [RFC6514]. For the sake of brevity in the rest of the
   document we'll refer to these routes as just "Source Active auto-
   discovery routes".

   Consider a deployment scenario where the service provider has
   provisioned the network in such a way that the Rendezvous Point (RP)
   for a particular ASM group G is always between the receivers and the
   sources. If the network is provisioned in this manner, the ingress PE
   for (S,G) is always the same as the ingress PE for the RP, and thus
   the Source Active auto-discovery (A-D) routes are never needed. If it
   is known a priori that the network is provisioned in this manner,
   mLDP in-band signaling can be supported using a different set of
   procedures, as specified in [draft-wijnands]. A service provider will
   provision the PE routers either to use [draft-wijnands] procedures or
   to use the procedures of this document.

   Like [RFC6826], each IP multicast tree is mapped one-to-one to a P2MP
   LSP in the MPLS network. This type of service works well if the
   number of LSPs that are created is under control of the MPLS network
   operator, or if the number of LSPs for a particular service is known
   to be limited.

   It is to be noted that the existing BGP Multicast VPN (MVPN)
   procedures [RFC6514] can be used to map Internet IP multicast trees
   to P2MP LSPs.  These procedures would accomplish this for IP
   multicast trees created by PIM-SM in SSM mode as well as for IP
   multicast trees created by PIM-SM in ASM mode. Furthermore, these
   procedures would also support the ability to aggregate multiple IP
   multicast trees to one P2MP LSP in the MPLS network. The details of
   this particular approach are out of scope of this document.

   This document assumes that a given LSR may have some of its
   interfaces IP multicast capable, while other interfaces being MPLS
   capable.








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1.1. Specification of Requirements

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].


2. Mechanism 1 - Non-transitive Mapping of IP Multicast Shared Trees

   This mechanism does not transit IP multicast shared trees over the
   MPLS network. Therefore, when an LSR creates (*, G) state (as a
   result of receiving PIM messages on one of its IP multicast
   interfaces), the LSR does not propagate this state in mLDP.


2.1. Originating Source Active Auto-Discovery Routes (Mechanism 1)

   Whenever (as a result of receiving either PIM Register or MSDP
   messages) an RP discovers a new multicast source, the RP SHOULD
   originate a Source Active auto-discovery route. The route carries a
   single MCAST-VPN Network Layer Reachability Information (NLRI)
   [RFC6514] constructed as follows:

     + The Route Distinguisher (RD) in this NLRI is set to 0.

     + The Multicast Source field is set to S. This could be either an
       IPv4 or an IPv6 address. The Multicast Source Length field is set
       appropriately to reflect the address type.

     + The Multicast Group field is set to G. This could be either an
       IPv4 or an IPv6 address. The Multicast Group Length field is set
       appropriately to reflect this address type.


   To constrain distribution of the Source Active auto-discovery route
   to the AS of the advertising RP this route SHOULD carry the NO_EXPORT
   Community ([RFC1997]).

   Using the normal BGP procedures the Source Active auto-discovery
   route is propagated to all other LSRs within the AS.

   Whenever the RP discovers that the source is no longer active, the RP
   MUST withdraw the Source Active auto-discovery route if such a route
   was previously advertised by the RP.







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2.2. Receiving Source Active Auto-Discovery Route by LSR

   Consider an LSR that has some of its interfaces capable of IP
   multicast and some capable of MPLS multicast.

   When as a result of receiving PIM messages on one of its IP multicast
   interfaces an LSR creates in its Tree Information Base (TIB) a new
   (*, G) entry with a non-empty outgoing interface list that contains
   one or more IP multicast interfaces, the LSR MUST check if it has any
   Source Active auto-discovery routes for that G. If there is such a
   route, S of that route is reachable via an MPLS interface, and the
   LSR does not have (S, G) state in its TIB for (S, G) carried in the
   route, then the LSR originates the mLDP Label Map with the Transit
   IPv4/IPv6 Source TLV carrying (S,G), as specified in [RFC6826].

   When an LSR receives a new Source Active auto-discovery route, the
   LSR MUST check if its TIB contains a (*, G) entry with the same G as
   carried in the Source Active auto-discovery route. If such an entry
   is found, S is reachable via an MPLS interface, and the LSR does not
   have (S, G) state in its TIB for (S, G) carried in the route, then
   the LSR originates an mLDP Label Map with the Transit IPv4/IPv6
   Source TLV carrying (S,G), as specified in [RFC6826].


2.3. Handling (S, G, RPT-bit) State

   Creation and deletion of (S, G, RPT-bit) PIM state ([RFC4601]) on an
   LSR that resulted from receiving PIM messages on one of its IP
   multicast interfaces does not result in any mLDP and/or BGP actions
   by the LSR.


3. Mechanism 2 - Transitive Mapping of IP Multicast Shared Tree

   This mechanism enables transit of IP multicast shared trees over the
   MPLS network. Therefore, when an LSR creates (*, G) state as a result
   of receiving PIM messages on one of its IP multicast interfaces, the
   LSR propagates this state in mLDP, as described below.

   Note that in the deployment scenarios where for a given G none of the
   PEs originate an (S, G) mLDP Label Map with the Transit IPv4/IPv6
   Source TLV, no Source Active auto-discovery routes will be used.  One
   other scenario where no Source Active auto-discovery routes will be
   used is described in section "Originating Source Active Auto-
   Discovery Routes (Mechanism 2)". In all these scenarios the only part
   of Mechanism 2 that is used is the in-band signaling for IP Multicast
   Shared Trees, as described in the next section.




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3.1. In-band Signaling for IP Multicast Shared Trees

   To provide support for in-band mLDP signaling of IP multicast shared
   trees this document defines two new mLDP TLVs: Transit IPv4 Shared
   Tree TLV, and Transit IPv6 Shared Tree TLV.

   These two TLVs have exactly the same encoding/format as the IPv4/IPv6
   Source Tree TLVs defined in [RFC6826], except that instead of the
   Source field they have an RP field that carries the address of the
   RP, as follows:

      Transit IPv4 Shared Tree TLV:

       0                   1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
       | Type          | Length                        | RP            |
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
       |                                               | Group         |
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
       |                                               |
       +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+


     Type:  TBD1 (to be assigned by IANA).

     Length:  8

     RP:  IPv4 RP address, 4 octets.

     Group:  IPv4 multicast group address, 4 octets.


     Transit IPv6 Shared Tree TLV:

      0                   1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      | Type          | Length                        | RP            ~
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      ~                                               | Group         ~
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      ~                                               |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+


     Type:  TBD2 (to be assigned by IANA).




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     Length:  32

     RP:  IPv6 RP address, 16 octets.

     Group:  IPv6 multicast group address, 16 octets.


   Procedures for in-band signaling for IP multicast shared trees with
   mLDP follow the same procedures as for in-band signaling for IP
   multicast source trees specified in [RFC6826], except that while the
   latter signals (S,G) state using Transit IPv4/IPv6 Source TLVs, the
   former signals (*,G) state using Transit IPv4/IPv6 Shared Tree TLVs.


3.2. Originating Source Active Auto-Discovery Routes (Mechanism 2)

   Consider an LSR that has some of its interfaces capable of IP
   multicast and some capable of MPLS multicast.

   Whenever such an LSR creates an (S, G) state as a result of receiving
   an mLDP Label Map with the Transit IPv4/IPv6 Source TLV for (S, G)
   the LSR MUST originate a Source Active auto-discovery route if all of
   the following are true:

     + S is reachable via one of the IP multicast capable interfaces,

     + the LSR determines that G is in the PIM-SM in ASM mode range, and

     + the LSR does not have an (*, G) state with one of the IP
       multicast capable interfaces as an incoming interface (iif) for
       that state.


   The route carries a single MCAST-VPN NLRI constructed as follows:

     + The RD in this NLRI is set to 0.

     + The Multicast Source field is set to S. The Multicast Source
       Length field is set appropriately to reflect this address type.

     + The Multicast Group field is set to G. The Multicast Group Length
       field is set appropriately to reflect this address type.


   To constrain distribution of the Source Active auto-discovery route
   to the AS of the advertising LSR this route SHOULD carry the
   NO_EXPORT Community ([RFC1997]).




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Internet Draft   draft-ietf-mpls-pim-sm-over-mldp-03.txt   November 2014


   Using the normal BGP procedures the Source Active auto-discovery
   route is propagated to all other LSRs within the AS.

   Whenever the LSR receiving an mLDP Label Map with the Transit
   IPv4/IPv6 Source TLV for (S,G) deletes the (S,G) state that was
   previously created, the LSR that deletes the state MUST also withdraw
   the Source Active auto-discovery route, if such a route was
   advertised when the state was created.

   Note that whenever an LSR creates an (S,G) state as a result of
   receiving an mLDP Label Map with the Transit IPv4/IPv6 Source TLV for
   (S,G) with S reachable via one of the IP multicast capable
   interfaces, and the LSR already has a (*,G) state with RP reachable
   via one of the IP multicast capable interfaces as a result of
   receiving an mLDP Label Map with the Transit IPv4/IPv6 Shared Tree
   TLV for (*,G), the LSR does not originate a Source Active auto-
   discovery route.


3.3. Receiving Source Active Auto-Discovery Route

   Procedures for receiving Source Active Auto-Discovery routes are the
   same as with Mechanism 1.


3.4. Pruning Sources Off the Shared Tree

   If after receiving a new Source Active auto-discovery route for (S,G)
   the LSR determines that (a) it has the (*, G) entry in its TIB, (b)
   the incoming interface list (iif) for that entry contains one of the
   IP interfaces, (c) at least one of the MPLS interfaces is in the
   outgoing interface list (oif) for that entry, and (d) the LSR does
   not originate an mLDP Label Mapping message for (S,G) with the
   Transit IPv4/IPv6 Source TLV, then the LSR MUST transition the
   (S,G,RPT-bit) downstream state to the Prune state. (Conceptually the
   PIM state machine on the LSR will act "as if" it had received
   Prune(S,G,rpt) on one of its MPLS interfaces, without actually having
   received one.) Depending on the (S,G,RPT-bit) state on the iif, this
   may result in the LSR using PIM procedures to prune S off the Shared
   (*,G) tree.

   The LSR MUST keep the (S,G,RPT-bit) downstream state machine in the
   Prune state for as long as (a) the outgoing interface list (oif) for
   (*, G) contains one of the MPLS interfaces, and (b) the LSR has at
   least one Source Active auto-discovery route for (S,G), and (c) the
   LSR does not originate the mLDP Label Mapping message for (S,G) with
   the Transit IPv4/IPv6 Source TLV. Once either of these conditions
   become no longer valid, the LSR MUST transition the (S,G,RPT-bit)



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   downstream state machine to the NoInfo state.

   Note that except for the scenario described in the first paragraph of
   this section, it is sufficient to rely solely on the PIM procedures
   on the LSR to ensure the correct behavior when pruning sources off
   the shared tree.


3.5. More on Handling (S,G,RPT-bit) State

   Creation and deletion of (S,G,RPT-bit) state on a LSR that resulted
   from receiving PIM messages on one of its IP multicast interfaces
   does not result in any mLDP and/or BGP actions by the LSR.


4. IANA Considerations

   IANA maintains a registry called "Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)
   Parameters" with a subregistry called "LDP MP Opaque Value Element
   basic type". IANA is requested to allocate two new values as follows:

   Value | Name                         | Reference
   ------+------------------------------+------------
    TBD1 | Transit IPv4 Shared Tree TLV | [This.I-D]
    TBD2 | Transit IPv6 Shared Tree TLV | [This.I-D]

   IANA is requested to assign consecutive values.


5. Security Considerations

   All the security considerations for mLDP ([RFC6388]) apply here.

   From the security considerations point of view use of Shared Tree
   TLVs is no different than use of Source TLVs [RFC6826].


6. Acknowledgements

   Use of Source Active auto-discovery routes was borrowed from
   [RFC6514]. Some text in this document was borrowed from [RFC6514].

   Some of the text in this document was borrowed from [RFC6826].

   We would like to acknowledge Arkadiy Gulko for his review and
   comments.

   We would also like to thank Xuxiaohu, Gregory Mirsky, Rajiv Asati,



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Internet Draft   draft-ietf-mpls-pim-sm-over-mldp-03.txt   November 2014


   and Adrian Farrell for their review and comments.


7. Normative References

   [RFC1997] R. Chandra, P. Traina, T. Li, "BGP Communities Attribute",
   RFC1997, August 1996.

   [RFC2119] "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement
   Levels.", Bradner, RFC2119, March 1997.

   [RFC4601] Fenner, B., Handley, M., Holbrook, H., and I. Kouvelas,
   "Protocol Independent Multicast - Sparse Mode (PIM-SM): Protocol
   Specification (Revised)", RFC 4601, August 2006.

   [RFC6388] Minei, I., "Label Distribution Protocol Extensions for
   Point-to-Multipoint and Multipoint-to-Multipoint Label Switched
   Paths", RFC6388, November 2011.

   [RFC6514] "BGP Encodings and Procedures for Multicast in MPLS/BGP IP
   VPNs", R. Aggarwal et al., RFC6514, February 2012

   [RFC6826] "In-band signaling for Point-to-Multipoint and Multipoint-
   to-Multipoint Label Switched Paths", I. Wijnands et al., RFC6826,
   January 2013


8. Informative References

   [RFC4607] Holbrook, H. and B. Cain, "Source-Specific Multicast for
   IP", RFC 4607, August 2006.

   [draft-wijnands] Wijnands IJ, et. al., "mLDP In-Band Signaling with
   Wildcards", draft-ietf-mpls-mldp-in-band-wildcard-encoding, work in
   progress


9. Authors' Addresses

   Yakov Rekhter
   Juniper Networks, Inc.
   e-mail: yakov@juniper.net

   Rahul Aggarwal
   e-mail: raggarwa_1@yahoo.com

   Nicolai Leymann
   Deutsche Telekom



Rekhter                                                        [Page 11]


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   Winterfeldtstrasse 21
   Berlin  10781
   Germany
   e-mail: nicolai.leymann@t-systems.com

   Wim Henderickx
   Alcatel-Lucent
   Email: wim.henderickx@alcatel-lucent.com

   Quintin Zhao
   Huawei
   Email: quintin.zhao@huawei.com

   Richard Li
   Huawei
   Email: renwei.li@huawei.com



































Rekhter                                                        [Page 12]


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