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Versions: (draft-carrara-newtype-keyid) 00 01 02 03 04 05 RFC 4563

   Internet Engineering Task Force        Carrara, Lehtovirta, Norrman
   EXPIRES: March 2006                                  September 2005

 The Key ID Information Type for the General Extension Payload in MIKEY

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   This memo specifies a new Type (the Key ID Information Type) for the
   General Extension Payload in the Multimedia Internet KEYing
   Protocol. This is used in, e.g., the Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast
   Service specified in the 3rd Generation Partnership Project.


    1. Introduction...................................................2
    2. Rationale......................................................3
    3. The Key ID Information Type for the General Extension Payload..4
    4. The Key ID Information Type for the General Extension Payload..5
    5. Security Considerations........................................6
    6. IANA Considerations............................................6
    7. Acknowledgements...............................................6
    8. Author's Addresses.............................................7
    9. References.....................................................7

1. Introduction

   The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) is currently involved
   in the development of a multicast and broadcast service, the
   Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service (MBMS), and its security
   architecture [MBMS].

   [MBMS] requires the use of the Multimedia Internet KEYing (MIKEY)
   Protocol [RFC3830], to convey the keys and related security
   parameters needed to secure the multimedia that is multicast or

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   One of the requirements that MBMS puts on security is the ability to
   perform frequent updates of the keys. The rationale behind this is
   that it would be inconvenient for subscribers to publish the
   decryption keys enabling non-subscribers to view the content. To
   implement this, MBMS uses a three level key management, to
   distribute group keys to the clients, and be able to re-key by
   pushing down a new group key. As illustrated in the section below,
   MBMS has the need to identify which types of key are involved in the
   MIKEY message, and their identity.

   This memo specifies a new Type for the General Extension Payload in
   MIKEY, to identify the type and identity of keys involved.

2. Rationale

   An application where this extension is used is MBMS key management.

   The key management solution adopted by MBMS uses three level key
   management. The keys are used in the way described below. "Clients"
   refers to the clients who have subscribed to a given
   multicast/broadcast service.

   * The MBMS User Key (MUK), point-to-point key between the multicast
     server and each client

   * The MBMS Service Key (MSK), group key between the multicast server
     and all the clients

   * The MBMS Traffic Key (MTK), group traffic key between the
     multicast server and all clients.

   The Traffic Keys are the keys that are regularly updated.

   The point-to-point MUK key (first-level key) is shared between the
   multicast server and the client via means defined by MBMS [MBMS].
   The MUK is used as pre-shared key to run MIKEY with the pre-shared
   key method [RFC3830], to deliver (point-to-point) the MSK key. The
   same MSK key is pushed to all the clients, to be used as a (second-
   level) group key.

   Then, the MSK is used to push to all the clients an MTK key (third-
   level key), the actual group key that is used for the protection of
   the media traffic. For example, the MTK could be the master key for
   SRTP [3711] in the streaming case.

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   A Key Domain identifier defines the domain where the group keys are
   valid or applicable. For example it may define a specific service

   To allow the key distribution described above, an indication of the
   type and identity of keys being carried in a MIKEY message is
   needed. This indication is carried in a new Type of the General
   Extension Payload in MIKEY.

   It is necessary to specify what Crypto Session ID map type is
   associated with a given key. There are cases, for example the
   download case in MBMS, where the required parameters are signalled
   in-band (each downloaded DCF-object [DCF] contains the necessary
   parameters needed by the receiver to process the it). Since the
   parameters are not transported by MIKEY, this implies that a CS ID
   map type needs to be registered to the "empty map" as defined in
   Table 3, which is to be used when the map/policy information is
   conveyed outside of MIKEY.

3. The Key ID Information Type for the General Extension Payload

   The General Extension payload in MIKEY is defined in Section 6.15 of

   The Key ID Information Type (Type 3) formats the General Extension
   payload as follows:

                           1                   2                   3
       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      ! Next payload  !      Type     !            Length             !
      !                  Key ID Information                           ~

          Figure 1. The Key ID Information General Extension Payload.

   Next Payload and Length are defined in Section 6.15 of [RFC3830].

     *  Type (8 bits): identifies the type of the General Payload
     [RFC3830]. This memo adds Type 3 to the ones already defined in

          Type      | Value | Comments
          Key ID    |     3 | information on type and identity of keys

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          Table 1. Definition of the new General Extension Payload.

     * Key ID Information (variable length): the general payload data
     transporting the type and identifier of a key. This field is formed
     by Key ID Type sub-payloads as specified below.

   The Key ID Type sub-payload is formatted as follows:

      !  Key ID Type  ! Key ID Length !            Key ID             ~

          Figure 2. The Key ID Type sub-payload.

      * Key ID Type (8 bits): describes the type of the key ID.
      Predefined types are listed in Table 2.

         Key ID Type           | Value | Comment
         MBMS Key Domain ID    |     0 | ID of the group key domain
         MBMS Service Key ID   |     1 | ID of the group key
         MBMS Transport Key ID |     2 | ID of the group traffic key

         Table 2. Type definitions for Key IDs.

      *  Key ID Length (8 bits): describes the length of the Key ID
         field in octets.

      *  Key ID (variable length): defines the identity of the key.

   Note that there may be more than one Key ID Type sub-payload in an
   extension, and that the overall length (i.e., the sum of lengths of
   all Key ID Type sub-payloads) of the Key ID information field cannot
   exceed 2^16 - 1 octets. Applications using this general extension
   payload have to define the semantics and usage of the Key ID Type

4. The Key ID Information Type for the General Extension Payload

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   When the security policy information is conveyed outside of MIKEY,
   the CS ID map type is set to value defined in Table 3 to indicate
   "empty map".

          CS ID map type | Value | Comments
          Empty map      |     1 | Used when the map/policy information
                         |       | is conveyed outside of MIKEY

          Table 3. Definition of the new CS ID map type.

5. Security Considerations

   It is not anticipated that this memo will have any additional
   security implications beyond those already identified for the MIKEY
   protocol, see [RFC3830].

6. IANA Considerations

   According to Section 10 of RFC 3830, IETF consensus is required to
   register values in the range 0-240 in the Type namespace of the
   MIKEY General Extension Payload and the CS ID map type namespace of
   the Common Header Payload.

   A new MIKEY General Extension Payload Type needs to be registered
   for this purpose. The registered value for Key ID is requested to be
   3 according to Section 3.

   It is also requested to register the value 1 for the Empty map in
   the CS ID map namespace of the Common Header Payload as specified in
   Table 3 in Section 4.

   The name space for the following field in the Key ID information
   sub-payload (from Sections 3 and 4) is requested to be managed by

   * Key ID Type

   It is requested that IANA register the pre-defined types of Table 2
   for this namespace.

7. Acknowledgements

   We would like to thank Fredrik Lindholm.

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8. Author's Addresses

   Questions and comments should be directed to the authors:

      Elisabetta Carrara
      Ericsson Research
      SE-16480 Stockholm     Phone:  +46 8 50877040
      Sweden                 EMail:  elisabetta.carrara@ericsson.com

      Vesa Lehtovirta
      Ericsson Research
      02420 Jorvas           Phone:  +358 9 2993314
      Finland                EMail:  vesa.lehtovirta@ericsson.com

      Karl Norrman
      Ericsson Research
      SE-16480 Stockholm     Phone:  +46 8 4044502
      Sweden                 EMail:  karl.norrman@ericsson.com

9. References


   [RFC3830] Arkko et al., "MIKEY: Multimedia Internet KEYing", RFC
   3830, August 2004.


   [RFC3711] Baugher et al., "The Secure Real-time Transport Protocol
   (SRTP)", RFC3711, March 2004.

   [MBMS] 3GPP TS 33.246, "Technical Specification 3rd Generation
   Partnership Project; Technical Specification Group Services and
   System Aspects; Security; Security of Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast

   [DCF]  OMA, OMA-DRM-DCF-V2_0-20050329-C, "DRM Content Format V2.0",
   Candidate Version 2.0 - 29 March 2005

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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2005).  This document is subject
   to the rights, licenses and restrictions contained in BCP 78, and
   except as set forth therein, the authors retain all their rights.

Disclaimer of Validity

   This document and the information contained herein are provided on

   This draft expires in March 2006.

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