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Versions: (draft-ietf-netconf-system-keychain) 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11

NETCONF Working Group                                          K. Watsen
Internet-Draft                                           Watsen Networks
Intended status: Standards Track                           June 17, 2019
Expires: December 19, 2019


                    A YANG Data Model for a Keystore
                     draft-ietf-netconf-keystore-11

Abstract

   This document defines a YANG 1.1 module called "ietf-keystore" that
   enables centralized configuration of asymmetric keys and their
   associated certificates, and notification for when configured
   certificates are about to expire.

Editorial Note (To be removed by RFC Editor)

   This draft contains many placeholder values that need to be replaced
   with finalized values at the time of publication.  This note
   summarizes all of the substitutions that are needed.  No other RFC
   Editor instructions are specified elsewhere in this document.

   Artwork in this document contains shorthand references to drafts in
   progress.  Please apply the following replacements:

   o  "VVVV" --> the assigned RFC value for this draft

   Artwork in this document contains placeholder values for the date of
   publication of this draft.  Please apply the following replacement:

   o  "2019-06-17" --> the publication date of this draft

   The following Appendix section is to be removed prior to publication:

   o  Appendix A.  Change Log

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.





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   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on December 19, 2019.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
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   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  The Keystore Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     3.1.  Tree Diagram  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     3.2.  Example Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     3.3.  YANG Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
   4.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  26
   5.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
     5.1.  The IETF XML Registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  27
     5.2.  The YANG Module Names Registry  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
   6.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
     6.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  28
     6.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  29
   Appendix A.  Change Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
     A.1.  00 to 01  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
     A.2.  01 to 02  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
     A.3.  02 to 03  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
     A.4.  03 to 04  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  30
     A.5.  04 to 05  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  31
     A.6.  05 to 06  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  31
     A.7.  06 to 07  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  31
     A.8.  07 to 08  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  31
     A.9.  08 to 09  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  31
     A.10. 09 to 10  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  32



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     A.11. 10 to 11  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  32
   Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  32
   Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  33

1.  Introduction

   This document defines a YANG 1.1 [RFC7950] module called "ietf-
   keystore" that enables centralized configuration of asymmetric keys
   and their associated certificates, and notification for when
   configured certificates are about to expire.

   This module also defines Six groupings designed for maximum reuse.
   These groupings include one for the public half of an asymmetric key,
   one for both the public and private halves of an asymmetric key, one
   for both halves of an asymmetric key and a list of associated
   certificates, one for an asymmetric key that may be configured
   locally or via a reference to an asymmetric key in the keystore, one
   for a trust anchor certificate and, lastly, one for an end entity
   certificate.

   Special consideration has been given for systems that have
   cryptographic hardware, such as a Trusted Protection Module (TPM).
   These systems are unique in that the cryptographic hardware
   completely hides the private keys and must perform all private key
   operations.  To support such hardware, the "private-key" can be the
   special value "permanently-hidden" and the actions "generate-hidden-
   key" and "generate-certificate-signing-request" can be used to direct
   these operations to the hardware .

   This document in compliant with Network Management Datastore
   Architecture (NMDA) [RFC8342].  For instance, to support keys and
   associated certificates installed during manufacturing (e.g., for a
   IDevID [Std-802.1AR-2009] certificate), it is expected that such data
   may appear only in <operational>.

   While only asymmetric keys are currently supported, the module has
   been designed to enable other key types to be introduced in the
   future.

   The module does not support protecting the contents of the keystore
   (e.g., via encryption), though it could be extended to do so in the
   future.

   It is not required that a system has an operating system level
   keystore utility to implement this module.






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2.  Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
   14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

3.  The Keystore Model

3.1.  Tree Diagram

   This section provides a tree diagrams [RFC8340] for the "ietf-
   keystore" module that presents both the protocol-accessible
   "keystore" as well the all the groupings intended for external usage.

   module: ietf-keystore
     +--rw keystore
        +--rw asymmetric-keys
        |  +--rw asymmetric-key* [name]
        |     +--rw name                                    string
        |     +--rw algorithm
        |     |       asymmetric-key-algorithm-ref
        |     +--rw public-key                              binary
        |     +--rw (private-key-type)
        |     |  +--:(private-key)
        |     |  |  +--rw private-key?                      binary
        |     |  +--:(hidden-private-key)
        |     |  |  +--rw hidden-private-key?               empty
        |     |  +--:(encrypted-private-key)
        |     |     +--rw encrypted-private-key
        |     |        +--rw (key-type)
        |     |        |  +--:(symmetric-key)
        |     |        |  |  +--rw symmetric-key?    leafref
        |     |        |  +--:(asymmetric-key)
        |     |        |     +--rw asymmetric-key?   leafref
        |     |        +--rw value?                  binary
        |     +--rw certificates
        |     |  +--rw certificate* [name]
        |     |     +--rw name                      string
        |     |     +--rw cert?                     end-entity-cert-cms
        |     |     +---n certificate-expiration
        |     |        +-- expiration-date    yang:date-and-time
        |     +---x generate-certificate-signing-request
        |        +---w input
        |        |  +---w subject       binary
        |        |  +---w attributes?   binary
        |        +--ro output



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        |           +--ro certificate-signing-request    binary
        +--rw symmetric-keys
           +--rw symmetric-key* [name]
              +--rw name                   string
              +--rw algorithm              identityref
              +--rw (key-type)
                 +--:(key)
                 |  +--rw key?             binary
                 +--:(hidden-key)
                 |  +--rw hidden-key?      empty
                 +--:(encrypted-key)
                    +--rw encrypted-key
                       +--rw (key-type)
                       |  +--:(symmetric-key)
                       |  |  +--rw symmetric-key?    leafref
                       |  +--:(asymmetric-key)
                       |     +--rw asymmetric-key?   leafref
                       +--rw value?                  binary

     rpcs:
       +---x generate-symmetric-key
       |  +---w input
       |  |  +---w algorithm       identityref
       |  |  +---w encrypt-with!
       |  |     +---w (key-type)
       |  |        +--:(symmetric-key)
       |  |        |  +---w symmetric-key?    leafref
       |  |        +--:(asymmetric-key)
       |  |           +---w asymmetric-key?   leafref
       |  +--ro output
       |     +--ro algorithm              identityref
       |     +--ro (key-type)
       |        +--:(key)
       |        |  +--ro key?             binary
       |        +--:(hidden-key)
       |        |  +--ro hidden-key?      empty
       |        +--:(encrypted-key)
       |           +--ro encrypted-key
       |              +--ro (key-type)
       |              |  +--:(symmetric-key)
       |              |  |  +--ro symmetric-key?    leafref
       |              |  +--:(asymmetric-key)
       |              |     +--ro asymmetric-key?   leafref
       |              +--ro value?                  binary
       +---x generate-asymmetric-key
          +---w input
          |  +---w algorithm       identityref
          |  +---w encrypt-with!



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          |     +---w (key-type)
          |        +--:(symmetric-key)
          |        |  +---w symmetric-key?    leafref
          |        +--:(asymmetric-key)
          |           +---w asymmetric-key?   leafref
          +--ro output
             +--ro algorithm
             |       asymmetric-key-algorithm-ref
             +--ro public-key                     binary
             +--ro (private-key-type)
                +--:(private-key)
                |  +--ro private-key?             binary
                +--:(hidden-private-key)
                |  +--ro hidden-private-key?      empty
                +--:(encrypted-private-key)
                   +--ro encrypted-private-key
                      +--ro (key-type)
                      |  +--:(symmetric-key)
                      |  |  +--ro symmetric-key?    leafref
                      |  +--:(asymmetric-key)
                      |     +--ro asymmetric-key?   leafref
                      +--ro value?                  binary

     grouping encrypted-value-grouping
       +-- (key-type)
       |  +--:(symmetric-key)
       |  |  +-- symmetric-key?
       |  |          -> /keystore/symmetric-keys/symmetric-key/name
       |  +--:(asymmetric-key)
       |     +-- asymmetric-key?
       |             -> /keystore/asymmetric-keys/asymmetric-key/name
       +-- value?                  binary
     grouping symmetric-key-grouping
       +-- algorithm              identityref
       +-- (key-type)
          +--:(key)
          |  +-- key?             binary
          +--:(hidden-key)
          |  +-- hidden-key?      empty
          +--:(encrypted-key)
             +-- encrypted-key
                +-- (key-type)
                |  +--:(symmetric-key)
                |  |  +-- symmetric-key?    leafref
                |  +--:(asymmetric-key)
                |     +-- asymmetric-key?   leafref
                +-- value?                  binary
     grouping asymmetric-key-pair-grouping



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       +-- algorithm                      asymmetric-key-algorithm-ref
       +-- public-key                     binary
       +-- (private-key-type)
          +--:(private-key)
          |  +-- private-key?             binary
          +--:(hidden-private-key)
          |  +-- hidden-private-key?      empty
          +--:(encrypted-private-key)
             +-- encrypted-private-key
                +-- (key-type)
                |  +--:(symmetric-key)
                |  |  +-- symmetric-key?    leafref
                |  +--:(asymmetric-key)
                |     +-- asymmetric-key?   leafref
                +-- value?                  binary
     grouping asymmetric-key-pair-with-cert-grouping
       +-- algorithm
       |       asymmetric-key-algorithm-ref
       +-- public-key                              binary
       +-- (private-key-type)
       |  +--:(private-key)
       |  |  +-- private-key?                      binary
       |  +--:(hidden-private-key)
       |  |  +-- hidden-private-key?               empty
       |  +--:(encrypted-private-key)
       |     +-- encrypted-private-key
       |        +-- (key-type)
       |        |  +--:(symmetric-key)
       |        |  |  +-- symmetric-key?    leafref
       |        |  +--:(asymmetric-key)
       |        |     +-- asymmetric-key?   leafref
       |        +-- value?                  binary
       +-- cert?                                   end-entity-cert-cms
       +---n certificate-expiration
       |  +-- expiration-date    yang:date-and-time
       +---x generate-certificate-signing-request
          +---w input
          |  +---w subject       binary
          |  +---w attributes?   binary
          +--ro output
             +--ro certificate-signing-request    binary
     grouping asymmetric-key-pair-with-certs-grouping
       +-- algorithm
       |       asymmetric-key-algorithm-ref
       +-- public-key                              binary
       +-- (private-key-type)
       |  +--:(private-key)
       |  |  +-- private-key?                      binary



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       |  +--:(hidden-private-key)
       |  |  +-- hidden-private-key?               empty
       |  +--:(encrypted-private-key)
       |     +-- encrypted-private-key
       |        +-- (key-type)
       |        |  +--:(symmetric-key)
       |        |  |  +-- symmetric-key?    leafref
       |        |  +--:(asymmetric-key)
       |        |     +-- asymmetric-key?   leafref
       |        +-- value?                  binary
       +-- certificates
       |  +-- certificate* [name]
       |     +-- name?                     string
       |     +-- cert?                     end-entity-cert-cms
       |     +---n certificate-expiration
       |        +-- expiration-date    yang:date-and-time
       +---x generate-certificate-signing-request
          +---w input
          |  +---w subject       binary
          |  +---w attributes?   binary
          +--ro output
             +--ro certificate-signing-request    binary
     grouping asymmetric-key-certificate-ref-grouping
       +-- asymmetric-key?   ks:asymmetric-key-ref
       +-- certificate?      leafref
     grouping local-or-keystore-asymmetric-key-grouping
       +-- (local-or-keystore)
          +--:(local) {local-definitions-supported}?
          |  +-- local-definition
          |     +-- algorithm
          |     |       asymmetric-key-algorithm-ref
          |     +-- public-key                     binary
          |     +-- (private-key-type)
          |        +--:(private-key)
          |        |  +-- private-key?             binary
          |        +--:(hidden-private-key)
          |        |  +-- hidden-private-key?      empty
          |        +--:(encrypted-private-key)
          |           +-- encrypted-private-key
          |              +-- (key-type)
          |              |  +--:(symmetric-key)
          |              |  |  +-- symmetric-key?    leafref
          |              |  +--:(asymmetric-key)
          |              |     +-- asymmetric-key?   leafref
          |              +-- value?                  binary
          +--:(keystore) {keystore-supported}?
             +-- keystore-reference?   ks:asymmetric-key-ref
     grouping local-or-keystore-asymmetric-key-with-certs-grouping



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       +-- (local-or-keystore)
          +--:(local) {local-definitions-supported}?
          |  +-- local-definition
          |     +-- algorithm
          |     |       asymmetric-key-algorithm-ref
          |     +-- public-key                              binary
          |     +-- (private-key-type)
          |     |  +--:(private-key)
          |     |  |  +-- private-key?                      binary
          |     |  +--:(hidden-private-key)
          |     |  |  +-- hidden-private-key?               empty
          |     |  +--:(encrypted-private-key)
          |     |     +-- encrypted-private-key
          |     |        +-- (key-type)
          |     |        |  +--:(symmetric-key)
          |     |        |  |  +-- symmetric-key?    leafref
          |     |        |  +--:(asymmetric-key)
          |     |        |     +-- asymmetric-key?   leafref
          |     |        +-- value?                  binary
          |     +-- certificates
          |     |  +-- certificate* [name]
          |     |     +-- name?                     string
          |     |     +-- cert?                     end-entity-cert-cms
          |     |     +---n certificate-expiration
          |     |        +-- expiration-date    yang:date-and-time
          |     +---x generate-certificate-signing-request
          |        +---w input
          |        |  +---w subject       binary
          |        |  +---w attributes?   binary
          |        +--ro output
          |           +--ro certificate-signing-request    binary
          +--:(keystore) {keystore-supported}?
             +-- keystore-reference?   ks:asymmetric-key-ref
     grouping local-or-keystore-end-entity-cert-with-key-grouping
       +-- (local-or-keystore)
          +--:(local) {local-definitions-supported}?
          |  +-- local-definition
          |     +-- algorithm
          |     |       asymmetric-key-algorithm-ref
          |     +-- public-key                              binary
          |     +-- (private-key-type)
          |     |  +--:(private-key)
          |     |  |  +-- private-key?                      binary
          |     |  +--:(hidden-private-key)
          |     |  |  +-- hidden-private-key?               empty
          |     |  +--:(encrypted-private-key)
          |     |     +-- encrypted-private-key
          |     |        +-- (key-type)



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          |     |        |  +--:(symmetric-key)
          |     |        |  |  +-- symmetric-key?    leafref
          |     |        |  +--:(asymmetric-key)
          |     |        |     +-- asymmetric-key?   leafref
          |     |        +-- value?                  binary
          |     +-- cert?
          |     |       end-entity-cert-cms
          |     +---n certificate-expiration
          |     |  +-- expiration-date    yang:date-and-time
          |     +---x generate-certificate-signing-request
          |        +---w input
          |        |  +---w subject       binary
          |        |  +---w attributes?   binary
          |        +--ro output
          |           +--ro certificate-signing-request    binary
          +--:(keystore) {keystore-supported}?
             +-- keystore-reference
                +-- asymmetric-key?   ks:asymmetric-key-ref
                +-- certificate?      leafref
     grouping keystore-grouping
       +-- asymmetric-keys
       |  +-- asymmetric-key* [name]
       |     +-- name?                                   string
       |     +-- algorithm
       |     |       asymmetric-key-algorithm-ref
       |     +-- public-key                              binary
       |     +-- (private-key-type)
       |     |  +--:(private-key)
       |     |  |  +-- private-key?                      binary
       |     |  +--:(hidden-private-key)
       |     |  |  +-- hidden-private-key?               empty
       |     |  +--:(encrypted-private-key)
       |     |     +-- encrypted-private-key
       |     |        +-- (key-type)
       |     |        |  +--:(symmetric-key)
       |     |        |  |  +-- symmetric-key?    leafref
       |     |        |  +--:(asymmetric-key)
       |     |        |     +-- asymmetric-key?   leafref
       |     |        +-- value?                  binary
       |     +-- certificates
       |     |  +-- certificate* [name]
       |     |     +-- name?                     string
       |     |     +-- cert?                     end-entity-cert-cms
       |     |     +---n certificate-expiration
       |     |        +-- expiration-date    yang:date-and-time
       |     +---x generate-certificate-signing-request
       |        +---w input
       |        |  +---w subject       binary



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       |        |  +---w attributes?   binary
       |        +--ro output
       |           +--ro certificate-signing-request    binary
       +-- symmetric-keys
          +-- symmetric-key* [name]
             +-- name?                  string
             +-- algorithm              identityref
             +-- (key-type)
                +--:(key)
                |  +-- key?             binary
                +--:(hidden-key)
                |  +-- hidden-key?      empty
                +--:(encrypted-key)
                   +-- encrypted-key
                      +-- (key-type)
                      |  +--:(symmetric-key)
                      |  |  +-- symmetric-key?    leafref
                      |  +--:(asymmetric-key)
                      |     +-- asymmetric-key?   leafref
                      +-- value?                  binary

3.2.  Example Usage

   The following example illustrates what a fully configured keystore
   might look like in <operational>, as described by Section 5.3 in
   [RFC8342].  This datastore view illustrates data set by the
   manufacturing process alongside conventional configuration.  This
   keystore instance has four keys, two having one associated
   certificate, one having two associated certificates, and one empty
   key.

   <keystore xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-keystore"
             xmlns:or="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-origin"
             xmlns:ct="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-crypto-types"
             or:origin="or:intended">
     <asymmetric-keys>

       <asymmetric-key>
         <name>ex-rsa-key</name>
         <algorithm>ct:rsa2048</algorithm>
         <public-key>base64encodedvalue==</public-key>
         <private-key>base64encodedvalue==</private-key>
         <certificates>
           <certificate>
             <name>ex-rsa-cert</name>
             <cert>base64encodedvalue==</cert>
           </certificate>
         </certificates>



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       </asymmetric-key>

       <asymmetric-key>
         <name>tls-ec-key</name>
         <algorithm>ct:secp256r1</algorithm>
         <public-key>base64encodedvalue==</public-key>
         <private-key>base64encodedvalue==</private-key>
         <certificates>
           <certificate>
             <name>tls-ec-cert</name>
             <cert>base64encodedvalue==</cert>
           </certificate>
         </certificates>
       </asymmetric-key>

       <!-- all except 'my-ldevid-cert' copied from <operational> -->
       <asymmetric-key>
         <name>tpm-protected-key</name>
         <algorithm>ct:rsa2048</algorithm>
         <public-key>base64encodedvalue==</public-key>
         <hidden-private-key/>
         <certificates>
           <certificate>
             <name>builtin-idevid-cert</name>
           </certificate>
           <certificate>
             <name>my-ldevid-cert</name>
             <cert>base64encodedvalue==</cert>
           </certificate>
         </certificates>
       </asymmetric-key>

     </asymmetric-keys>
   </keystore>


   The following example module has been constructed to illustrate the
   "local-or-keystore-asymmetric-key-grouping" grouping defined in the
   "ietf-keystore" module.

   module ex-keystore-usage {
     yang-version 1.1;

     namespace "http://example.com/ns/example-keystore-usage";
     prefix "eku";

     import ietf-keystore {
       prefix ks;



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       reference
         "RFC VVVV: YANG Data Model for a 'Keystore' Mechanism";
     }

     organization
      "Example Corporation";

     contact
      "Author: YANG Designer <mailto:yang.designer@example.com>";

     description
      "This module illustrates the grouping in the keystore draft called
       'local-or-keystore-asymmetric-key-with-certs-grouping'.";

     revision "YYYY-MM-DD" {
       description
        "Initial version";
       reference
        "RFC XXXX: YANG Data Model for a 'Keystore' Mechanism";
     }

     container keystore-usage {
       description
         "An illustration of the various keystore groupings.";

       list just-a-key {
         key name;
         leaf name {
           type string;
           description
             "An arbitrary name for this key.";
         }
         uses ks:local-or-keystore-asymmetric-key-grouping;
         description
           "An asymmetric key, with no certs, that may be configured
            locally or be a reference to an asymmetric key in the
            keystore.  The intent is to reference just the asymmetric
            key, not any certificates that may also be associated
            with the asymmetric key.";
       }

       list key-with-certs {
         key name;
         leaf name {
           type string;
           description
             "An arbitrary name for this key.";
         }



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         uses ks:local-or-keystore-asymmetric-key-with-certs-grouping;
         description
           "An asymmetric key and its associated certs, that may be
            configured locally or be a reference to an asymmetric key
            (and its associated certs) in the keystore.";
       }

       list end-entity-cert-with-key {
         key name;
         leaf name {
           type string;
           description
             "An arbitrary name for this key.";
         }
         uses ks:local-or-keystore-end-entity-cert-with-key-grouping;
         description
           "An end-entity certificate, and its associated private key,
            that may be configured locally or be a reference to a
            specific certificate (and its associated private key) in
            the keystore.";
       }
     }

   }

   The following example illustrates what two configured keys, one local
   and the other remote, might look like.  This example consistent with
   other examples above (i.e., the referenced key is in an example
   above).

   =========== NOTE: '\' line wrapping per BCP XX (RFC XXXX) ===========

   <keystore-usage xmlns="http://example.com/ns/example-keystore-usage">

     <!-- ks:local-or-keystore-asymmetric-key-grouping -->

     <just-a-key>
       <name>a locally-defined key</name>
       <local-definition>
         <algorithm
           xmlns:ct="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-crypto-types">
           ct:rsa2048
         </algorithm>
         <private-key>base64encodedvalue==</private-key>
         <public-key>base64encodedvalue==</public-key>
       </local-definition>
     </just-a-key>




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     <just-a-key>
       <name>a keystore-defined key (and its associated certs)</name>
       <keystore-reference>ex-rsa-key</keystore-reference>
     </just-a-key>

     <!-- ks:local-or-keystore-key-and-end-entity-cert-grouping -->

     <key-with-certs>
       <name>a locally-defined key with certs</name>
       <local-definition>
         <algorithm
           xmlns:ct="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-crypto-types">
           ct:rsa2048
         </algorithm>
         <private-key>base64encodedvalue==</private-key>
         <public-key>base64encodedvalue==</public-key>
         <certificates>
           <certificate>
             <name>a locally-defined cert</name>
             <cert>base64encodedvalue==</cert>
           </certificate>
         </certificates>
       </local-definition>
     </key-with-certs>

     <key-with-certs>
       <name>a keystore-defined key (and its associated certs)</name>
       <keystore-reference>ex-rsa-key</keystore-reference>
     </key-with-certs>

     <!-- ks:local-or-keystore-end-entity-cert-with-key-grouping -->

     <end-entity-cert-with-key>
       <name>a locally-defined end-entity cert with key</name>
       <local-definition>
         <algorithm
           xmlns:ct="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-crypto-types">
           ct:rsa2048
         </algorithm>
         <private-key>base64encodedvalue==</private-key>
         <public-key>base64encodedvalue==</public-key>
         <cert>base64encodedvalue==</cert>
       </local-definition>
     </end-entity-cert-with-key>

     <end-entity-cert-with-key>
       <name>a keystore-defined certificate (and its associated key)</n\
   ame>



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       <keystore-reference>
         <asymmetric-key>ex-rsa-key</asymmetric-key>
         <certificate>ex-rsa-cert</certificate>
       </keystore-reference>
     </end-entity-cert-with-key>

   </keystore-usage>

3.3.  YANG Module

   This YANG module has normative references to [RFC8341] and
   [I-D.ietf-netconf-crypto-types], and an informative reference to
   [RFC8342].

   <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-keystore@2019-06-17.yang"
   module ietf-keystore {
     yang-version 1.1;
     namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-keystore";
     prefix ks;

     import ietf-crypto-types {
       prefix ct;
       reference
         "RFC CCCC: Common YANG Data Types for Cryptography";
     }

     import ietf-netconf-acm {
       prefix nacm;
       reference
         "RFC 8341: Network Configuration Access Control Model";
     }

     organization
       "IETF NETCONF (Network Configuration) Working Group";

     contact
       "WG Web:   <http://datatracker.ietf.org/wg/netconf/>
        WG List:  <mailto:netconf@ietf.org>
        Author:   Kent Watsen <mailto:kent+ietf@watsen.net>";

     description
       "This module defines a keystore to centralize management
        of security credentials.

        Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified
        as authors of the code. All rights reserved.

        Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with



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        or without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and
        subject to the license terms contained in, the Simplified
        BSD License set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's
        Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
        (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).

        This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX
        (https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfcXXXX); see the RFC
        itself for full legal notices.;

        The key words 'MUST', 'MUST NOT', 'REQUIRED', 'SHALL',
        'SHALL NOT', 'SHOULD', 'SHOULD NOT', 'RECOMMENDED',
        'NOT RECOMMENDED', 'MAY', and 'OPTIONAL' in this document
        are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14 (RFC 2119)
        (RFC 8174) when, and only when, they appear in all
        capitals, as shown here.";

     revision 2019-06-17 {
       description
         "Initial version";
       reference
         "RFC VVVV: A YANG Data Model for a Keystore";
     }

     /****************/
     /*   Features   */
     /****************/

     feature keystore-supported {
       description
         "The 'keystore-supported' feature indicates that the server
          supports the keystore.";
     }

     feature local-definitions-supported {
       description
         "The 'local-definitions-supported' feature indicates that the
          server supports locally-defined keys.";
     }

     feature key-generation {
       description
         "Indicates that the server supports the actions related to
          the life cycling keys in <operational>.  To be used by
          configuration, keys in <operational> must be copied to
          <running>.";
     }




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     /****************/
     /*   Typedefs   */
     /****************/

     typedef asymmetric-key-ref {
       type leafref {
         path "/ks:keystore/ks:asymmetric-keys/ks:asymmetric-key"
            + "/ks:name";
       }
       description
         "This typedef enables modules to easily define a reference
          to an asymmetric key stored in the keystore.";
     }

     /*****************/
     /*   Groupings   */
     /*****************/


     grouping encrypted-value-grouping {
       description
         "A reusable grouping for a value that has been encrypted by
          a symmeteric or asymmetric key in the keystore.";
       choice key-type {
         mandatory true;
         description
           "A choice between a reference to a symmtric or asymmetric
            key in the keystore.";
         leaf symmetric-key {
           type leafref {
             path "/ks:keystore/ks:symmetric-keys/ks:symmetric-key/"
                  + "ks:name";
           }
           description
             "Identifies a symmetric key used to encrypt this key.";
         }
         leaf asymmetric-key {
           type leafref {
             path "/ks:keystore/ks:asymmetric-keys/ks:asymmetric-key/"
                  + "ks:name";
           }
           description
             "Identifies an asymmetric key used to encrypt this key.";
         }
       }
       leaf value {
         type binary;
         description



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           "The private key, encrypted using the specified symmetric
            or asymmetric key.";
       }
     }

     grouping symmetric-key-grouping {
       description
         "This grouping is identical to the one in ietf-crypt-types
          except that it adds a couple case statements enabling the
          key value to be encrypted by a symmetric or an asymmetric
          key known to the keystore.";
       uses ct:symmetric-key-grouping {
         augment "key-type" {
           description
             "Augments a new 'case' statement into the 'choice'
              statement defined by the ietf-crypto-types module.";
           container encrypted-key {
             description
               "A container for the encrypted symmetric key value.";
             uses encrypted-value-grouping;
           }
         }
       }
     }

     grouping asymmetric-key-pair-grouping {
       description
         "This grouping is identical to the one in ietf-crypt-types
          except that it adds a couple case statements enabling the
          key value to be encrypted by a symmetric or an asymmetric
          key known to the keystore.";
       uses ct:asymmetric-key-pair-grouping {
         augment "private-key-type" {
           description
             "Augments a new 'case' statement into the 'choice'
              statement defined by the ietf-crypto-types module.";
           container encrypted-private-key {
             description
               "A container for the encrypted asymmetric private
                key value.";
             uses encrypted-value-grouping;
           }
         }
       }
     }

     grouping asymmetric-key-pair-with-cert-grouping {
       description



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         "This grouping is identical to the one in ietf-crypt-types
          except that it adds a couple case statements enabling the
          key value to be encrypted by a symmetric or an asymmetric
          key known to the keystore.";
       uses ct:asymmetric-key-pair-with-cert-grouping {
         augment "private-key-type" {
           description
             "Augments a new 'case' statement into the 'choice'
              statement defined by the ietf-crypto-types module.";
           container encrypted-private-key {
             description
               "A container for the encrypted asymmetric private
                key value.";
             uses encrypted-value-grouping;
           }
         }
       }
     }

     grouping asymmetric-key-pair-with-certs-grouping {
       description
         "This grouping is identical to the one in ietf-crypt-types
          except that it adds a couple case statements enabling the
          key value to be encrypted by a symmetric or an asymmetric
          key known to the keystore.";
       uses ct:asymmetric-key-pair-with-certs-grouping {
         augment "private-key-type" {
           description
             "Augments a new 'case' statement into the 'choice'
              statement defined by the ietf-crypto-types module.";
           container encrypted-private-key {
             description
               "A container for the encrypted asymmetric private
                key value.";
             uses encrypted-value-grouping;
           }
         }
       }
     }

     grouping asymmetric-key-certificate-ref-grouping {
       leaf asymmetric-key {
         type ks:asymmetric-key-ref;
         must '../certificate';
         description
           "A reference to an asymmetric key in the keystore.";
       }
       leaf certificate {



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         type leafref {
           path "/ks:keystore/ks:asymmetric-keys/ks:asymmetric-key[ks:"
                + "name = current()/../asymmetric-key]/ks:certificates"
                + "/ks:certificate/ks:name";
         }
         must '../asymmetric-key';
         description
           "A reference to a specific certificate of the
            asymmetric key in the keystore.";
       }
       description
         "This grouping defines a reference to a specific certificate
          associated with an asymmetric key stored in the keystore.";
     }

     grouping local-or-keystore-asymmetric-key-grouping {
       description
         "A grouping that expands to allow the asymmetric key to be
          either stored locally, within the using data model, or be
          a reference to an asymmetric key stored in the keystore.";
       choice local-or-keystore {
         mandatory true;
         case local {
           if-feature "local-definitions-supported";
           container local-definition {
             description
               "Container to hold the local key definition.";
             uses asymmetric-key-pair-grouping;
           }
         }
         case keystore {
           if-feature "keystore-supported";
           leaf keystore-reference {
             type ks:asymmetric-key-ref;
             description
               "A reference to an asymmetric key that exists in
                the keystore.  The intent is to reference just the
                asymmetric key, not any certificates that may also
                be associated with the asymmetric key.";
           }
         }
         description
           "A choice between an inlined definition and a definition
            that exists in the keystore.";
       }
     }

     grouping local-or-keystore-asymmetric-key-with-certs-grouping {



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       description
         "A grouping that expands to allow an asymmetric key and its
          associated certificates to be either stored locally, within
          the using data model, or be a reference to an asymmetric key
          (and its associated certificates) stored in the keystore.";
       choice local-or-keystore {
         mandatory true;
         case local {
           if-feature "local-definitions-supported";
           container local-definition {
             description
               "Container to hold the local key definition.";
             uses asymmetric-key-pair-with-certs-grouping;
           }
         }
         case keystore {
           if-feature "keystore-supported";
           leaf keystore-reference {
             type ks:asymmetric-key-ref;
             description
               "A reference to an asymmetric-key (and all of its
                associated certificates) in the keystore.";
           }
         }
         description
           "A choice between an inlined definition and a definition
            that exists in the keystore.";
       }
     }

     grouping local-or-keystore-end-entity-cert-with-key-grouping {
       description
         "A grouping that expands to allow an end-entity certificate
          (and its associated private key) to be either stored locally,
          within the using data model, or be a reference to a specific
          certificate in the keystore.";
       choice local-or-keystore {
         mandatory true;
         case local {
           if-feature "local-definitions-supported";
           container local-definition {
             description
               "Container to hold the local key definition.";
             uses asymmetric-key-pair-with-cert-grouping;
           }
         }
         case keystore {
           if-feature "keystore-supported";



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           container keystore-reference {
             uses asymmetric-key-certificate-ref-grouping;
             description
               "A reference to a specific certificate (and its
                associated private key) in the keystore.";
           }
         }
         description
           "A choice between an inlined definition and a definition
            that exists in the keystore.";
       }
     }

     grouping keystore-grouping {
       description
         "Grouping definition enables use in other contexts.  If ever
          done, implementations SHOULD augment new 'case' statements
          into local-or-keystore 'choice' statements to supply leafrefs
          to the new location.";
       container asymmetric-keys {
         description
           "A list of asymmetric keys.";
         list asymmetric-key {
           key "name";
           description
             "An asymmetric key.";
           leaf name {
             type string;
             description
               "An arbitrary name for the asymmetric key.";
           }
           uses ks:asymmetric-key-pair-with-certs-grouping;
         }
       }
       container symmetric-keys {
         description
           "A list of symmetric keys.";
         list symmetric-key {
           key "name";
           description
             "A symmetric key.";
           leaf name {
             type string;
             description
               "An arbitrary name for the symmetric key.";
           }
           uses ks:symmetric-key-grouping;
         }



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       }
     } // grouping keystore-grouping


     /*********************************/
     /*   Protocol accessible nodes   */
     /*********************************/

     container keystore {
       nacm:default-deny-write;
       description
         "The keystore contains a list of keys.";
       uses keystore-grouping;
     }

     rpc generate-symmetric-key {
       //nacm:default-deny-all;
       description
         "Requests the device to generate an symmetric key using
          the specified key algorithm, optionally encrypted using
          a key in the keystore.  The output is this RPC can be
          used as input to a subsequent configuration request.";
       input {
         leaf algorithm {
           type identityref {
             base "ct:encryption-algorithm";
           }
           mandatory true;
           description
             "The algorithm to be used when generating the key.";
           reference
             "RFC CCCC: Common YANG Data Types for Cryptography";
         }
         container encrypt-with {
           presence
             "Indicates that the key should be encrypted using
              the specified symmetric or asymmetric key.  If not
              specified, then the private key is not encrypted
              when returned.";
           description
             "A container for the 'key-type' choice.";
           choice key-type {
             mandatory true;
             description
               "Choice between a symmetric and asymmetric key.";
             leaf symmetric-key {
               type leafref {
                 path "/ks:keystore/ks:symmetric-keys/ks:symmetric-key/"



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                      + "ks:name";
               }
               description
                 "Identifies a symmetric key used to encrypt this key.";
             }
             leaf asymmetric-key {
               type leafref {
                 path "/ks:keystore/ks:asymmetric-keys/ks:asymmetric-"
                      + "key/ks:name";
               }
               description
                 "Identifies an asymmetric key used to encrypt this
                  key.";
             }
           }
         }
       }
       output {
         uses ks:symmetric-key-grouping;
       }
     } // end generate-symmetric-key


     rpc generate-asymmetric-key {
       //nacm:default-deny-all;
       description
         "Requests the device to generate an asymmetric key using
          the specified key algorithm, optionally encrypted using
          a key in the keystore.  The output is this RPC can be
          used as input to a subsequent configuration request.";
       input {
         leaf algorithm {
           type identityref {
             base "ct:asymmetric-key-algorithm";
           }
           mandatory true;
           description
             "The algorithm to be used when generating the key.";
           reference
             "RFC CCCC: Common YANG Data Types for Cryptography";
         }
         container encrypt-with {
           presence
             "Indicates that the key should be encrypted using
              the specified symmetric or asymmetric key.  If not
              specified, then the private key is not encrypted
              when returned.";
           description



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             "A container for the 'key-type' choice.";
           choice key-type {
             mandatory true;
             description
               "Choice between a symmetric and asymmetric key.";
             leaf symmetric-key {
               type leafref {
                 path "/ks:keystore/ks:symmetric-keys/ks:symmetric-key/"
                      + "ks:name";
               }
               description
                 "Identifies a symmetric key used to encrypt this key.";
             }
             leaf asymmetric-key {
               type leafref {
                 path "/ks:keystore/ks:asymmetric-keys/ks:asymmetric-"
                      + "key/ks:name";
               }
               description
                 "Identifies an asymmetric key used to encrypt this
                  key.";
             }
           }
         }
       }
       output {
         uses ks:asymmetric-key-pair-grouping;
       }
     } // end generate-asymmetric-key

   }
   <CODE ENDS>

4.  Security Considerations

   The YANG module defined in this document is designed to be accessed
   via YANG based management protocols, such as NETCONF [RFC6241] and
   RESTCONF [RFC8040].  Both of these protocols have mandatory-to-
   implement secure transport layers (e.g., SSH, TLS) with mutual
   authentication.

   The NETCONF access control model (NACM) [RFC8341] provides the means
   to restrict access for particular users to a pre-configured subset of
   all available protocol operations and content.

   There are a number of data nodes defined in this YANG module that are
   writable/creatable/deletable (i.e., config true, which is the
   default).  These data nodes may be considered sensitive or vulnerable



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   in some network environments.  Write operations (e.g., edit-config)
   to these data nodes without proper protection can have a negative
   effect on network operations.  These are the subtrees and data nodes
   and their sensitivity/vulnerability:

      /: The entire data tree defined by this module is sensitive to
         write operations.  For instance, the addition or removal of
         keys, certificates, etc., can dramatically alter the
         implemented security policy.  For this reason, the NACM
         extension "default-deny-write" has been set for the entire data
         tree.

      /keystore/asymmetric-keys/asymmetric-key/private-key:  When
         writing this node, implementations MUST ensure that the
         strength of the key being configured is not greater than the
         strength of the underlying secure transport connection over
         which it is communicated.  Implementations SHOULD fail the
         write-request if ever the strength of the private key is
         greater then the strength of the underlying transport, and
         alert the client that the strength of the key may have been
         compromised.  Additionally, when deleting this node,
         implementations SHOULD automatically (without explicit request)
         zeroize these keys in the most secure manner available, so as
         to prevent the remnants of their persisted storage locations
         from being analyzed in any meaningful way.

   Some of the readable data nodes in this YANG module may be considered
   sensitive or vulnerable in some network environments.  It is thus
   important to control read access (e.g., via get, get-config, or
   notification) to these data nodes.  These are the subtrees and data
   nodes and their sensitivity/vulnerability:

      /keystore/asymmetric-keys/asymmetric-key/private-key:  This node
         is additionally sensitive to read operations such that, in
         normal use cases, it should never be returned to a client.  The
         best reason for returning this node is to support backup/
         restore type workflows.  For this reason, the NACM extension
         "default-deny-all" has been set for this data node.

5.  IANA Considerations

5.1.  The IETF XML Registry

   This document registers one URI in the "ns" subregistry of the IETF
   XML Registry [RFC3688].  Following the format in [RFC3688], the
   following registration is requested:





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      URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-keystore
      Registrant Contact: The NETCONF WG of the IETF.
      XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace.

5.2.  The YANG Module Names Registry

   This document registers one YANG module in the YANG Module Names
   registry [RFC6020].  Following the format in [RFC6020], the the
   following registration is requested:

      name:         ietf-keystore
      namespace:    urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-keystore
      prefix:       ks
      reference:    RFC VVVV


6.  References

6.1.  Normative References

   [I-D.ietf-netconf-crypto-types]
              Watsen, K. and H. Wang, "Common YANG Data Types for
              Cryptography", draft-ietf-netconf-crypto-types-06 (work in
              progress), April 2019.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC6020]  Bjorklund, M., Ed., "YANG - A Data Modeling Language for
              the Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)", RFC 6020,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6020, October 2010,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6020>.

   [RFC7950]  Bjorklund, M., Ed., "The YANG 1.1 Data Modeling Language",
              RFC 7950, DOI 10.17487/RFC7950, August 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7950>.

   [RFC8341]  Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "Network Configuration
              Access Control Model", STD 91, RFC 8341,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8341, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8341>.








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6.2.  Informative References

   [RFC3688]  Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3688, January 2004,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3688>.

   [RFC6241]  Enns, R., Ed., Bjorklund, M., Ed., Schoenwaelder, J., Ed.,
              and A. Bierman, Ed., "Network Configuration Protocol
              (NETCONF)", RFC 6241, DOI 10.17487/RFC6241, June 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6241>.

   [RFC8040]  Bierman, A., Bjorklund, M., and K. Watsen, "RESTCONF
              Protocol", RFC 8040, DOI 10.17487/RFC8040, January 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8040>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

   [RFC8340]  Bjorklund, M. and L. Berger, Ed., "YANG Tree Diagrams",
              BCP 215, RFC 8340, DOI 10.17487/RFC8340, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8340>.

   [RFC8342]  Bjorklund, M., Schoenwaelder, J., Shafer, P., Watsen, K.,
              and R. Wilton, "Network Management Datastore Architecture
              (NMDA)", RFC 8342, DOI 10.17487/RFC8342, March 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8342>.

   [Std-802.1AR-2009]
              Group, W. -. H. L. L. P. W., "IEEE Standard for Local and
              metropolitan area networks - Secure Device Identity",
              December 2009, <http://standards.ieee.org/findstds/
              standard/802.1AR-2009.html>.


















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Appendix A.  Change Log

A.1.  00 to 01

   o  Replaced the 'certificate-chain' structures with PKCS#7
      structures.  (Issue #1)

   o  Added 'private-key' as a configurable data node, and removed the
      'generate-private-key' and 'load-private-key' actions.  (Issue #2)

   o  Moved 'user-auth-credentials' to the ietf-ssh-client module.
      (Issues #4 and #5)

A.2.  01 to 02

   o  Added back 'generate-private-key' action.

   o  Removed 'RESTRICTED' enum from the 'private-key' leaf type.

   o  Fixed up a few description statements.

A.3.  02 to 03

   o  Changed draft's title.

   o  Added missing references.

   o  Collapsed sections and levels.

   o  Added RFC 8174 to Requirements Language Section.

   o  Renamed 'trusted-certificates' to 'pinned-certificates'.

   o  Changed 'public-key' from config false to config true.

   o  Switched 'host-key' from OneAsymmetricKey to definition from RFC
      4253.

A.4.  03 to 04

   o  Added typedefs around leafrefs to common keystore paths

   o  Now tree diagrams reference ietf-netmod-yang-tree-diagrams

   o  Removed Design Considerations section

   o  Moved key and certificate definitions from data tree to groupings




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A.5.  04 to 05

   o  Removed trust anchors (now in their own draft)

   o  Added back global keystore structure

   o  Added groupings enabling keys to either be locally defined or a
      reference to the keystore.

A.6.  05 to 06

   o  Added feature "local-keys-supported"

   o  Added nacm:default-deny-all and nacm:default-deny-write

   o  Renamed generate-asymmetric-key to generate-hidden-key

   o  Added an install-hidden-key action

   o  Moved actions inside fo the "asymmetric-key" container

   o  Moved some groupings to draft-ietf-netconf-crypto-types

A.7.  06 to 07

   o  Removed a "require-instance false"

   o  Clarified some description statements

   o  Improved the keystore-usage examples

A.8.  07 to 08

   o  Added "local-definition" containers to avoid posibility of the
      action/notification statements being under a "case" statement.

   o  Updated copyright date, boilerplate template, affiliation, folding
      algorithm, and reformatted the YANG module.

A.9.  08 to 09

   o  Added a 'description' statement to the 'must' in the /keystore/
      asymmetric-key node explaining that the descendent values may
      exist in <operational> only, and that implementation MUST assert
      that the values are either configured or that they exist in
      <operational>.





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   o  Copied above 'must' statement (and description) into the local-or-
      keystore-asymmetric-key-grouping, local-or-keystore-asymmetric-
      key-with-certs-grouping, and local-or-keystore-end-entity-cert-
      with-key-grouping statements.

A.10.  09 to 10

   o  Updated draft title to match new truststore draft title

   o  Moved everything under a top-level 'grouping' to enable use in
      other contexts.

   o  Renamed feature from 'local-keys-supported' to 'local-definitions-
      supported' (same name used in truststore)

   o  Removed the either-all-or-none 'must' expressions for the key's
      3-tuple values (since the values are now 'mandatory true' in
      crypto-types)

   o  Example updated to reflect 'mandatory true' change in crypto-types
      draft

A.11.  10 to 11

   o  Replaced typedef asymmetric-key-certificate-ref with grouping
      asymmetric-key-certificate-ref-grouping.

   o  Added feature feature 'key-generation'.

   o  Cloned groupings symmetric-key-grouping, asymmetric-key-pair-
      grouping, asymmetric-key-pair-with-cert-grouping, and asymmetric-
      key-pair-with-certs-grouping from crypto-keys, augmenting into
      each new case statements for values that have been encrypted by
      other keys in the keystore.  Refactored keystore model to use
      these groupings.

   o  Added new 'symmetric-keys' lists, as a sibling to the existing
      'asymmetric-keys' list.

   o  Added RPCs (not actions) 'generate-symmetric-key' and 'generate-
      asymmetric-key' to *return* a (potentially encrypted) key.

Acknowledgements

   The authors would like to thank for following for lively discussions
   on list and in the halls (ordered by last name): Andy Bierman, Martin
   Bjorklund, Benoit Claise, Ramkumar Dhanapal, Mehmet Ersue, Balazs
   Kovacs, David Lamparter, Ladislav Lhotka, Alan Luchuk, Mahesh



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   Jethanandani, Radek Krejci, Reshad Rahman, Tom Petch, Juergen
   Schoenwaelder, Phil Shafer, Sean Turner, Eric Voit, Bert Wijnen, and
   Liang Xia.

Author's Address

   Kent Watsen
   Watsen Networks

   EMail: kent+ietf@watsen.net









































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