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LSR Working Group                                                  X. Xu
Internet-Draft                                               Alibaba Inc
Intended status: Standards Track                                 S. Kini
Expires: November 29, 2020
                                                               P. Psenak
                                                             C. Filsfils
                                                            S. Litkowski
                                                     Cisco Systems, Inc.
                                                                M. Bocci
                                                                   Nokia
                                                            May 28, 2020


  Signaling Entropy Label Capability and Entropy Readable Label Depth
                               Using OSPF
                      draft-ietf-ospf-mpls-elc-14

Abstract

   Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) has defined a mechanism to load-
   balance traffic flows using Entropy Labels (EL).  An ingress Label
   Switching Router (LSR) cannot insert ELs for packets going into a
   given Label Switched Path (LSP) unless an egress LSR has indicated
   via signaling that it has the capability to process ELs, referred to
   as the Entropy Label Capability (ELC), on that LSP.  In addition, it
   would be useful for ingress LSRs to know each LSR's capability for
   reading the maximum label stack depth and performing EL-based load-
   balancing, referred to as Entropy Readable Label Depth (ERLD).  This
   document defines a mechanism to signal these two capabilities using
   OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 and BGP-LS.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on November 29, 2020.




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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
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   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Advertising ELC Using OSPF  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     3.1.  Advertising ELC Using OSPFv2  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     3.2.  Advertising ELC Using OSPFv3  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   4.  Advertising ERLD Using OSPF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   5.  Signaling ELC and ERLD in BGP-LS  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   7.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   8.  Contributors  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   9.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   10. References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     10.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     10.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8

1.  Introduction

   [RFC6790] describes a method to load-balance Multiprotocol Label
   Switching (MPLS) traffic flows using Entropy Labels (EL).  It also
   introduces the concept of Entropy Label Capability (ELC) and defines
   the signaling of this capability via MPLS signaling protocols.
   Recently, mechanisms have been defined to signal labels via link-
   state Interior Gateway Protocols (IGP) such as OSPFv2 [RFC8665] and
   OSPFv3 [RFC8666].  This draft defines a mechanism to signal the ELC
   using OSPFv2 and OSPFv3.

   In cases where Segment Routing (SR) is used with the MPLS Data Plane
   (e.g., SR-MPLS [RFC8660]), it would be useful for ingress LSRs to
   know each intermediate LSR's capability of reading the maximum label
   stack depth and performing EL-based load-balancing.  This capability,



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   referred to as Entropy Readable Label Depth (ERLD) as defined in
   [RFC8662], may be used by ingress LSRs to determine the position of
   the EL label in the stack, and whether it is necessary to insert
   multiple ELs at different positions in the label stack.  This
   document defines a mechanism to signal the ERLD using OSPFv2 and
   OSPFv3.

2.  Terminology

   This memo makes use of the terms defined in [RFC6790], and [RFC8662].

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
   14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

   The key word OSPF is used throughout the document to refer to both
   OSPFv2 and OSPFv3.

3.  Advertising ELC Using OSPF

   Even though ELC is a property of the node, in some cases it is
   advantageous to associate and advertise the ELC with a prefix.  In
   multi-area networks, routers may not know the identity of the prefix
   originator in a remote area, or may not know the capabilities of such
   originator.  Similarly, in a multi domain network, the identity of
   the prefix originator and its capabilities may not be known to the
   ingress LSR.

   If a router has multiple interfaces, the router MUST NOT announce ELC
   unless all of its interfaces are capable of processing ELs.

   If the router supports ELs on all of its interfaces, it SHOULD
   advertise the ELC with every local host prefix it advertises in OSPF.

   The ELC signaling MUST be preserved when an OSPF Area Border Router
   (ABR) distributes information between areas.  To do so, an ABR MUST
   originate an OSPFv2 Extended Prefix Opaque LSA [RFC7684] including
   the received ELC setting.

   When an OSPF Autonomous System Boundary Router (ASBR) redistributes a
   prefix from another instance of OSPF or from some other protocol, it
   SHOULD preserve the ELC signaling for the prefix if it exists.  To do
   so, an ASBR SHOULD originate an Extended Prefix Opaque LSA [RFC7684]
   including the ELC setting of the redistributed prefix.  The flooding
   scope of the Extended Prefix Opaque LSA MUST match the flooding scope
   of the LSA that an ASBR originates as a result of the redistribution.



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   The exact mechanism used to exchange ELC between protocol instances
   on an ASBR is outside of the scope of this document.

3.1.  Advertising ELC Using OSPFv2

   [RFC7684] defines the OSPFv2 Extended Prefix TLV to advertise
   additional attributes associated with a prefix.  The OSPFv2 Extended
   Prefix TLV includes a one-octet Flags field.  A new flag in the Flags
   field is used to signal the ELC for the prefix:

      0x20 - E-Flag (ELC Flag): Set by the advertising router to
      indicate that the prefix originator is capable of processing ELs.

3.2.  Advertising ELC Using OSPFv3

   [RFC5340] defines the OSPFv3 PrefixOptions field to indicate
   capabilities associated with a prefix.  A new bit in the OSPFv3
   PrefixOptions is used to signal the ELC for the prefix:

      0x40 - E-Flag (ELC Flag): Set by the advertising router to
      indicate that the prefix originator is capable of processing ELs.

      The ELC signaling MUST be preserved when an OSPFv3 Area Border
      Router (ABR) distributes information between areas.  The setting
      of the ELC Flag in the Inter-Area-Prefix-LSA [RFC5340] or in the
      Inter-Area-Prefix TLV [RFC8362], generated by an ABR, MUST be the
      same as the value the ELC Flag associated with the prefix in the
      source area.

      When an OSPFv3 Autonomous System Boundary Router (ASBR)
      redistributes a prefix from another instance of OSPFv3 or from
      some other protocol, it SHOULD preserve the ELC signaling for the
      prefix if it exists.  The setting of the ELC Flag in the AS-
      External-LSA, NSSA-LSA [RFC5340] or in the External-Prefix TLV
      [RFC8362], generated by an ASBR, MUST be the same as the value of
      the ELC Flag associated with the prefix in the source domain.  The
      exact mechanism used to exchange ELC between protocol instances on
      the ASBR is outside of the scope of this document.

4.  Advertising ERLD Using OSPF

   The ERLD is advertised in a Node MSD TLV [RFC8476] using the ERLD-MSD
   type defined in [I-D.ietf-isis-mpls-elc].

   If a router has multiple interfaces with different capabilities of
   reading the maximum label stack depth, the router MUST advertise the
   smallest value found across all of its interfaces.




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   The absence of ERLD-MSD advertisements indicates only that the
   advertising node does not support advertisement of this capability.

   When the ERLD-MSD type is received in the OSPFv2 or OSPFv3 Link MSD
   Sub-TLV [RFC8476], it MUST be ignored.

   The considerations for advertising the ERLD are specified in
   [RFC8662].

5.  Signaling ELC and ERLD in BGP-LS

   The OSPF extensions defined in this document can be advertised via
   BGP-LS (Distribution of Link-State and TE Information Using BGP)
   [RFC7752] using existing BGP-LS TLVs.

   The ELC is advertised using the Prefix Attribute Flags TLV as defined
   in [I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-ext].

   The ERLD-MSD is advertised using the Node MSD TLV as defined in
   [I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-msd].

6.  IANA Considerations

   Early allocation has been done by IANA for this document as follows:

      - Flag 0x20 in the OSPFv2 Extended Prefix TLV Flags registry has
      been allocated by IANA to the E-Flag (ELC Flag).

      - Bit 0x40 in the "OSPFv3 Prefix Options (8 bits)" registry has
      been allocated by IANA to the E-Flag (ELC Flag).

7.  Security Considerations

   This document specifies the ability to advertise additional node
   capabilities using OSPF and BGP-LS.  As such, the security
   considerations as described in [RFC5340], [RFC7770], [RFC7752],
   [RFC7684], [RFC8476], [RFC8662],
   [I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-ext] and
   [I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-msd] are applicable to this
   document.

   Incorrectly setting the E flag during origination, propagation or
   redistribution may lead to poor or no load-balancing of the MPLS
   traffic or black-holing of the MPLS traffic on the egress node.

   Incorrectly setting of the ERLD value may lead to poor or no load-
   balancing of the MPLS traffic.




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8.  Contributors

   The following people contributed to the content of this document and
   should be considered as co-authors:



      Gunter Van de Velde (editor)
      Nokia
      Antwerp
      BE

      Email: gunter.van_de_velde@nokia.com


      Wim Henderickx
      Nokia
      Belgium

      Email: wim.henderickx@nokia.com

      Keyur Patel
      Arrcus
      USA

      Email: keyur@arrcus.com


9.  Acknowledgements

   The authors would like to thank Yimin Shen, George Swallow, Acee
   Lindem, Les Ginsberg, Ketan Talaulikar, Jeff Tantsura , Bruno
   Decraene and Carlos Pignataro for their valuable comments.

10.  References

10.1.  Normative References

   [I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-ext]
              Previdi, S., Talaulikar, K., Filsfils, C., Gredler, H.,
              and M. Chen, "BGP Link-State extensions for Segment
              Routing", draft-ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-ext-16
              (work in progress), June 2019.








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   [I-D.ietf-idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-msd]
              Tantsura, J., Chunduri, U., Talaulikar, K., Mirsky, G.,
              and N. Triantafillis, "Signaling MSD (Maximum SID Depth)
              using Border Gateway Protocol - Link State", draft-ietf-
              idr-bgp-ls-segment-routing-msd-18 (work in progress), May
              2020.

   [I-D.ietf-isis-mpls-elc]
              Xu, X., Kini, S., Psenak, P., Filsfils, C., Litkowski, S.,
              and M. Bocci, "Signaling Entropy Label Capability and
              Entropy Readable Label Depth Using IS-IS", draft-ietf-
              isis-mpls-elc-12 (work in progress), April 2020.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC5340]  Coltun, R., Ferguson, D., Moy, J., and A. Lindem, "OSPF
              for IPv6", RFC 5340, DOI 10.17487/RFC5340, July 2008,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5340>.

   [RFC6790]  Kompella, K., Drake, J., Amante, S., Henderickx, W., and
              L. Yong, "The Use of Entropy Labels in MPLS Forwarding",
              RFC 6790, DOI 10.17487/RFC6790, November 2012,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6790>.

   [RFC7684]  Psenak, P., Gredler, H., Shakir, R., Henderickx, W.,
              Tantsura, J., and A. Lindem, "OSPFv2 Prefix/Link Attribute
              Advertisement", RFC 7684, DOI 10.17487/RFC7684, November
              2015, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7684>.

   [RFC7752]  Gredler, H., Ed., Medved, J., Previdi, S., Farrel, A., and
              S. Ray, "North-Bound Distribution of Link-State and
              Traffic Engineering (TE) Information Using BGP", RFC 7752,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7752, March 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7752>.

   [RFC7770]  Lindem, A., Ed., Shen, N., Vasseur, JP., Aggarwal, R., and
              S. Shaffer, "Extensions to OSPF for Advertising Optional
              Router Capabilities", RFC 7770, DOI 10.17487/RFC7770,
              February 2016, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7770>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.





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   [RFC8362]  Lindem, A., Roy, A., Goethals, D., Reddy Vallem, V., and
              F. Baker, "OSPFv3 Link State Advertisement (LSA)
              Extensibility", RFC 8362, DOI 10.17487/RFC8362, April
              2018, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8362>.

   [RFC8476]  Tantsura, J., Chunduri, U., Aldrin, S., and P. Psenak,
              "Signaling Maximum SID Depth (MSD) Using OSPF", RFC 8476,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8476, December 2018,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8476>.

   [RFC8662]  Kini, S., Kompella, K., Sivabalan, S., Litkowski, S.,
              Shakir, R., and J. Tantsura, "Entropy Label for Source
              Packet Routing in Networking (SPRING) Tunnels", RFC 8662,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8662, December 2019,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8662>.

10.2.  Informative References

   [RFC8660]  Bashandy, A., Ed., Filsfils, C., Ed., Previdi, S.,
              Decraene, B., Litkowski, S., and R. Shakir, "Segment
              Routing with the MPLS Data Plane", RFC 8660,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8660, December 2019,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8660>.

   [RFC8665]  Psenak, P., Ed., Previdi, S., Ed., Filsfils, C., Gredler,
              H., Shakir, R., Henderickx, W., and J. Tantsura, "OSPF
              Extensions for Segment Routing", RFC 8665,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8665, December 2019,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8665>.

   [RFC8666]  Psenak, P., Ed. and S. Previdi, Ed., "OSPFv3 Extensions
              for Segment Routing", RFC 8666, DOI 10.17487/RFC8666,
              December 2019, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8666>.

Authors' Addresses

   Xiaohu Xu
   Alibaba Inc

   Email: xiaohu.xxh@alibaba-inc.com


   Sriganesh Kini

   Email: sriganeshkini@gmail.com






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   Peter Psenak
   Cisco Systems, Inc.
   Eurovea Centre, Central 3
   Pribinova Street 10
   Bratislava  81109
   Slovakia

   Email: ppsenak@cisco.com


   Clarence Filsfils
   Cisco Systems, Inc.
   Brussels
   Belgium

   Email: cfilsfil@cisco.com


   Stephane Litkowski
   Cisco Systems, Inc.
   La Rigourdiere
   Cesson Sevigne
   France

   Email: slitkows@cisco.com


   Matthew Bocci
   Nokia
   Shoppenhangers Road
   Maidenhead, Berks
   UK

   Email: matthew.bocci@nokia.com

















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