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In: MissingRef
Open Shortest Path First IGP                              P. Psenak, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                       Cisco Systems, Inc.
Intended status: Standards Track                         S. Previdi, Ed.
Expires: July 13, 2019                                        Individual
                                                         January 9, 2019


                 OSPFv3 Extensions for Segment Routing
          draft-ietf-ospf-ospfv3-segment-routing-extensions-23

Abstract

   Segment Routing (SR) allows a flexible definition of end-to-end paths
   within IGP topologies by encoding paths as sequences of topological
   sub-paths, called "segments".  These segments are advertised by the
   link-state routing protocols (IS-IS and OSPF).

   This draft describes the OSPFv3 extensions required for Segment
   Routing with MPLS data plane.

Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
   BCP14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on July 13, 2019.







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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Segment Routing Identifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     3.1.  SID/Label Sub-TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   4.  Segment Routing Capabilities  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   5.  OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range TLV  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   6.  Prefix SID Sub-TLV  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   7.  Adjacency Segment Identifier (Adj-SID)  . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     7.1.  Adj-SID Sub-TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     7.2.  LAN Adj-SID Sub-TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   8.  Elements of Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     8.1.  Intra-area Segment routing in OSPFv3  . . . . . . . . . .  14
     8.2.  Inter-area Segment routing in OSPFv3  . . . . . . . . . .  15
     8.3.  Segment Routing for External Prefixes . . . . . . . . . .  16
     8.4.  Advertisement of Adj-SID  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
       8.4.1.  Advertisement of Adj-SID on Point-to-Point Links  . .  16
       8.4.2.  Adjacency SID on Broadcast or NBMA Interfaces . . . .  16
   9.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     9.1.  OSPFv3 Extended-LSA TLV Registry  . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     9.2.  OSPFv3 Extended-LSA Sub-TLV registry  . . . . . . . . . .  17
   10. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
   11. Contributors  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
   12. References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     12.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     12.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21








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1.  Introduction

   Segment Routing (SR) allows a flexible definition of end-to-end paths
   within IGP topologies by encoding paths as sequences of topological
   sub-paths, called "segments".  These segments are advertised by the
   link-state routing protocols (IS-IS and OSPF).  Prefix segments
   represent an ECMP-aware shortest-path to a prefix (or a node), as per
   the state of the IGP topology.  Adjacency segments represent a hop
   over a specific adjacency between two nodes in the IGP.  A prefix
   segment is typically a multi-hop path while an adjacency segment, in
   most cases, is a one-hop path.  SR's control-plane can be applied to
   both IPv6 and MPLS data-planes, and does not require any additional
   signalling (other than IGP extensions).  The IPv6 data plane is out
   of the scope of this specification - OSPFv3 extension for SR with
   IPv6 data plane will be specified in a separate document.  When used
   in MPLS networks, SR paths do not require any LDP or RSVP-TE
   signalling.  However, SR can interoperate in the presence of LSPs
   established with RSVP or LDP.

   This draft describes the OSPFv3 extensions required for Segment
   Routing with MPLS data plane.

   Segment Routing architecture is described in [RFC8402].

   Segment Routing use cases are described in [RFC7855].

2.  Terminology

   This section lists some of the terminology used in this document:

      ABR - Area Border Router

      Adj-SID - Adjacency Segment Identifier

      AS - Autonomous System

      ASBR - Autonomous System Boundary Router

      DR - Designated Router

      IS-IS - Intermediate System to Intermediate System

      LDP - Label Distribution Protocol

      LSP - Label Switched Path

      MPLS - Multi Protocol Label Switching




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      OSPF - Open Shortest Path First

      SPF - Shortest Path First

      RSVP - Resource Reservation Protocol

      SID - Segment Identifier

      SR - Segment Routing

      SRGB - Segment Routing Global Block

      SRLB - Segment Routing Local Block

      SRMS - Segment Routing Mapping Server

      TLV - Type Length Value

3.  Segment Routing Identifiers

   Segment Routing defines various types of Segment Identifiers (SIDs):
   Prefix-SID, Adjacency-SID, and LAN Adjacency SID.

3.1.  SID/Label Sub-TLV

   The SID/Label Sub-TLV appears in multiple TLVs or Sub-TLVs defined
   later in this document.  It is used to advertise the SID or label
   associated with a prefix or adjacency.  The SID/Label Sub-TLV has
   following format:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |              Type             |              Length           |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                      SID/Label (variable)                     |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   where:

      Type: 7

      Length: Either 3 or 4 octets

      SID/Label: If length is set to 3, then the 20 rightmost bits
      represent a label.  If length is set to 4, then the value
      represents a 32-bit SID.




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      The receiving router MUST ignore the SID/Label Sub-TLV if the
      length is other than 3 or 4.

4.  Segment Routing Capabilities

   Segment Routing requires some additional router capabilities to be
   advertised to other routers in the area.

   These SR capabilities are advertised in the OSPFv3 Router Information
   Opaque LSA (defined in [RFC7770]) and specified in
   [I-D.ietf-ospf-segment-routing-extensions].

5.  OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range TLV

   In some cases it is useful to advertise attributes for a range of
   prefixes in a single advertisement.  The Segment Routing Mapping
   Server, which is described in
   [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-ldp-interop], is an example of where
   SIDs for multiple prefixes can be advertised.  To optimize such
   advertisement in case of multiple prefixes from a contiguous address
   range, OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range TLV is defined."

   The OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range TLV is a top-level TLV of the
   following LSAs defined in [RFC8362]:

      E-Intra-Area-Prefix-LSA

      E-Inter-Area-Prefix-LSA

      E-AS-External-LSA

      E-Type-7-LSA

   Multiple OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range TLVs MAY be advertised in each
   LSA mentioned above.  The OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range TLV has the
   following format:















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    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |              Type             |             Length            |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   | Prefix Length |       AF      |         Range Size            |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |    Flags      |                 Reserved                      |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                     Address Prefix (variable)                 |
   |                           ...                                 |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                      Sub-TLVs (variable)                      |
   +-                                                             -+
   |                                                               |

   where:

      Type: 9

      Length: Variable, in octets, dependent on Sub-TLVs.

      Prefix length: Length of prefix in bits.

      AF: Address family for the prefix.

         AF: 0 - IPv4 unicast

         AF: 1 - IPv6 unicast

      Range size: Represents the number of prefixes that are covered by
      the advertisement.  The Range Size MUST NOT exceed the number of
      prefixes that could be satisfied by the prefix length without
      including:

         Addresses from the IPv4 multicast address range (224.0.0.0/3),
         if the AF is IPv4 unicast

         Addresses other than the IPv6 unicast addresses, if the AF is
         IPv6 unicast

      Flags: Reserved.  MUST be zero when sent and are ignored when
      received.

      Reserved: SHOULD be set to 0 on transmission and MUST be ignored
      on reception.

      Address Prefix:



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         For the address family IPv4 unicast, the prefix itself is
         encoded as a 32-bit value.  The default route is represented by
         a prefix of length 0.

         For the address family IPv6 unicast, the prefix, encoded as an
         even multiple of 32-bit words, padded with zeroed bits as
         necessary.  This encoding consumes ((PrefixLength + 31) / 32)
         32-bit words.

         Prefix encoding for other address families is beyond the scope
         of this specification.  Prefix encoding for other address
         families can be defined in the future standard-track IETF
         specifications.

   The range represents the contiguous set of prefixes with the same
   prefix length as specified by the Prefix Length field.  The set
   starts with the prefix that is specified by the Address Prefix field.
   The number of prefixes in the range is equal to the Range size.

   If the OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range TLVs advertising the exact same
   range appears in multiple LSAs of the same type, originated by the
   same OSPFv3 router, the LSA with the numerically smallest Instance ID
   MUST be used and subsequent instances of the OSPFv3 Extended Prefix
   Range TLVs MUST be ignored.

6.  Prefix SID Sub-TLV

   The Prefix SID Sub-TLV is a Sub-TLV of the following OSPFv3 TLVs as
   defined in [RFC8362] and in Section 5:

      Intra-Area Prefix TLV

      Inter-Area Prefix TLV

      External Prefix TLV

      OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range TLV

   It MAY appear more than once in the parent TLV and has the following
   format:











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    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |               Type            |            Length             |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |     Flags     |  Algorithm    |           Reserved            |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                       SID/Index/Label (variable)              |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   where:

      Type: 4

      Length: 7 or 8 octets, dependent on the V-flag

      Flags: Single octet field.  The following flags are defined:


     0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7
   +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
   |  |NP|M |E |V |L |  |  |
   +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
   where:

         NP-Flag: No-PHP flag.  If set, then the penultimate hop MUST
         NOT pop the Prefix-SID before delivering packets to the node
         that advertised the Prefix-SID.

         M-Flag: Mapping Server Flag.  If set, the SID was advertised by
         a Segment Routing Mapping Server as described in
         [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-ldp-interop].

         E-Flag: Explicit-Null Flag.  If set, any upstream neighbor of
         the Prefix-SID originator MUST replace the Prefix-SID with the
         Explicit-NULL label (0 for IPv4, 2 for IPv6) before forwarding
         the packet.

         V-Flag: Value/Index Flag.  If set, then the Prefix-SID carries
         an absolute value.  If not set, then the Prefix-SID carries an
         index.

         L-Flag: Local/Global Flag.  If set, then the value/index
         carried by the Prefix-SID has local significance.  If not set,
         then the value/index carried by this Sub-TLV has global
         significance.

         Other bits: Reserved.  These MUST be zero when sent and are
         ignored when received.



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      Reserved: SHOULD be set to 0 on transmission and MUST be ignored
      on reception.

      Algorithm: Single octet identifying the algorithm the Prefix-SID
      is associated with as defined in
      [I-D.ietf-ospf-segment-routing-extensions].

      A router receiving a Prefix-SID from a remote node and with an
      algorithm value that such remote node has not advertised in the
      SR-Algorithm Sub-TLV [I-D.ietf-ospf-segment-routing-extensions]
      MUST ignore the Prefix-SID Sub-TLV.

      SID/Index/Label: According to the V-Flag and L-Flag, it contains:

         V-flag is set to 0 and L-flag is set to 0: The SID/Index/Label
         field is a 4 octet index defining the offset in the SID/Label
         space advertised by this router

         V-flag is set to 1 and L-flag is set to 1: The SID/Index/Label
         field is a 3 octet local label where the 20 rightmost bits are
         used for encoding the label value.

         All other combinations of V-flag and L-flag are invalid and any
         SID advertisement received with an invalid setting for V and L
         flags MUST be ignored.

   If an OSPFv3 router advertises multiple Prefix-SIDs for the same
   prefix, topology, and algorithm, all of them MUST be ignored.

   When calculating the outgoing label for the prefix, the router MUST
   take into account, as described below, the E, NP, and M flags
   advertised by the next-hop router if that router advertised the SID
   for the prefix.  This MUST be done regardless of whether the next-hop
   router contributes to the best path to the prefix.

   The NP-Flag (No-PHP) MUST be set and the E-flag MUST be clear for
   Prefix-SIDs allocated to prefixes that are propagated between areas
   by an ABR based on intra-area or inter-area reachability, unless the
   advertised prefix is directly attached to such ABR.

   The NP-Flag (No-PHP) MUST be set and the E-flag MUST be clear for
   Prefix-SIDs allocated to redistributed prefixes, unless the
   redistributed prefix is directly attached to the advertising ASBR.

   If the NP-Flag is not set, then any upstream neighbor of the Prefix-
   SID originator MUST pop the Prefix-SID.  This is equivalent to the
   penultimate hop popping mechanism used in the MPLS dataplane.  If the
   NP-flag is not set, then the received E-flag is ignored.



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   If the NP-flag is set then:

      If the E-flag is not set, then any upstream neighbor of the
      Prefix-SID originator MUST keep the Prefix-SID on top of the
      stack.  This is useful when the originator of the Prefix-SID needs
      to stitch the incoming packet into a continuing MPLS LSP to the
      final destination.  This could occur at an ABR (prefix propagation
      from one area to another) or at an ASBR (prefix propagation from
      one domain to another).

      If the E-flag is set, then any upstream neighbor of the Prefix-SID
      originator MUST replace the Prefix-SID with an Explicit-NULL
      label.  This is useful, e.g., when the originator of the Prefix-
      SID is the final destination for the related prefix and the
      originator wishes to receive the packet with the original Traffic
      Class field [RFC5462].

   When the M-Flag is set, the NP-flag and the E-flag MUST be ignored on
   reception.

   As the Mapping Server does not specify the originator of a prefix
   advertisement, it is not possible to determine PHP behavior solely
   based on the Mapping Server advertisement.  However, PHP behavior
   SHOULD be done in following cases:

      The Prefix is intra-area type and the downstream neighbor is the
      originator of the prefix.

      The Prefix is inter-area type and the downstream neighbor is an
      ABR, which is advertising prefix reachability and is setting the
      LA-bit in the Prefix Options as described in [RFC8362].

      The Prefix is external type and the downstream neighbor is an
      ASBR, which is advertising prefix reachability and is setting the
      LA-bit in the Prefix Options as described in [RFC8362].

   When a Prefix-SID is advertised in the OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range
   TLV, then the value advertised in the Prefix SID Sub-TLV is
   interpreted as a starting SID/Label value.

   Example 1: If the following router addresses (loopback addresses)
   need to be mapped into the corresponding Prefix SID indexes:

             Router-A: 2001:DB8::1/128, Prefix-SID: Index 1
             Router-B: 2001:DB8::2/128, Prefix-SID: Index 2
             Router-C: 2001:DB8::3/128, Prefix-SID: Index 3
             Router-D: 2001:DB8::4/128, Prefix-SID: Index 4




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   then the Address Prefix field in the OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range TLV
   would be set to 2001:DB8::1, the Prefix Length would be set to 128,
   the Range Size would be set to 4, and the Index value in the Prefix-
   SID Sub-TLV would be set to 1.

   Example 2: If the following prefixes need to be mapped into the
   corresponding Prefix-SID indexes:

             2001:DB8:1::0/120,   Prefix-SID: Index 51
             2001:DB8:1::100/120, Prefix-SID: Index 52
             2001:DB8:1::200/120, Prefix-SID: Index 53
             2001:DB8:1::300/120, Prefix-SID: Index 54
             2001:DB8:1::400/120, Prefix-SID: Index 55
             2001:DB8:1::500/120, Prefix-SID: Index 56
             2001:DB8:1::600/120, Prefix-SID: Index 57

   then the Prefix field in the OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range TLV would
   be set to 2001:DB8:1::0, the Prefix Length would be set to 120, the
   Range Size would be set to 7, and the Index value in the Prefix-SID
   Sub-TLV would be set to 51.

7.  Adjacency Segment Identifier (Adj-SID)

   An Adjacency Segment Identifier (Adj-SID) represents a router
   adjacency in Segment Routing.

7.1.  Adj-SID Sub-TLV

   The Adj-SID Sub-TLV is an optional Sub-TLV of the Router-Link TLV as
   defined in [RFC8362].  It MAY appear multiple times in the Router-
   Link TLV.  The Adj-SID Sub-TLV has the following format:

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |               Type            |              Length           |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   | Flags         |     Weight    |             Reserved          |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                   SID/Label/Index (variable)                  |
   +---------------------------------------------------------------+

   where:

      Type: 5

      Length: 7 or 8 octets, dependent on the V flag.




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      Flags: Single octet field containing the following flags:

    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |B|V|L|G|P|     |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   where:

         B-Flag: Backup Flag.  If set, the Adj-SID refers to an
         adjacency that is eligible for protection (e.g., using IPFRR or
         MPLS-FRR) as described in section 3.5 of [RFC8402].

         The V-Flag: Value/Index Flag.  If set, then the Adj-SID carries
         an absolute value.  If not set, then the Adj-SID carries an
         index.

         The L-Flag: Local/Global Flag.  If set, then the value/index
         carried by the Adj-SID has local significance.  If not set,
         then the value/index carried by this Sub-TLV has global
         significance.

         The G-Flag: Group Flag.  When set, the G-Flag indicates that
         the Adj-SID refers to a group of adjacencies (and therefore MAY
         be assigned to other adjacencies as well).

         P-Flag.  Persistent flag.  When set, the P-Flag indicates that
         the Adj-SID is persistently allocated, i.e., the Adj-SID value
         remains the same across router restart and/or interface flap.

         Other bits: Reserved.  These MUST be zero when sent and are
         ignored when received.

      Reserved: SHOULD be set to 0 on transmission and MUST be ignored
      on reception.

      Weight: Weight used for load-balancing purposes.  The use of the
      weight is defined in [RFC8402].

      SID/Index/Label: as described in Section 6.

   An SR-capable router MAY allocate an Adj-SID for each of its
   adjacencies and set the B-Flag when the adjacency is eligible for
   protection by an FRR mechanism (IP or MPLS) as described in
   [RFC8402].

   An SR-capable router MAY allocate more than one Adj-SID to an
   adjacency.



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   An SR-capable router MAY allocate the same Adj-SID to different
   adjacencies.

   When the P-flag is not set, the Adj-SID MAY be persistent.  When the
   P-flag is set, the Adj-SID MUST be persistent.

7.2.  LAN Adj-SID Sub-TLV

   The LAN Adj-SID Sub-TLV is an optional Sub-TLV of the Router-Link
   TLV.  It MAY appear multiple times in the Router-Link TLV.  It is
   used to advertise a SID/Label for an adjacency to a non-DR router on
   a broadcast, NBMA, or hybrid [RFC6845] network.

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |              Type             |            Length             |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |     Flags     |     Weight    |            Reserved           |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                           Neighbor ID                         |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                    SID/Label/Index (variable)                 |
   +---------------------------------------------------------------+

   where:

      Type: 6

      Length: 11 or 12 octets, dependent on V-flag.

      Flags: same as in Section 7.1

      Weight: Weight used for load-balancing purposes.  The use of the
      weight is defined in [RFC8402].

      Reserved: SHOULD be set to 0 on transmission and MUST be ignored
      on reception.

      Neighbor ID: The Router ID of the neighbor for which the LAN-Adj-
      SID is advertised.

      SID/Index/Label: as described in Section 6.

      When the P-flag is not set, the LAN Adj-SID MAY be persistent.
      When the P-flag is set, the LAN Adj-SID MUST be persistent.





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8.  Elements of Procedure

8.1.  Intra-area Segment routing in OSPFv3

   An OSPFv3 router that supports segment routing MAY advertise Prefix-
   SIDs for any prefix to which it is advertising reachability (e.g., a
   loopback IP address as described in Section 6).

   A Prefix-SID can also be advertised by SR Mapping Servers (as
   described in [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-ldp-interop]).  A
   Mapping Server advertises Prefix-SIDs for remote prefixes that exist
   in the OSPFv3 routing domain.  Multiple Mapping Servers can advertise
   Prefix-SIDs for the same prefix, in which case the same Prefix-SID
   MUST be advertised by all of them.  The SR Mapping Server could use
   either area flooding scope or autonomous system flooding scope when
   advertising Prefix SIDs for prefixes, based on the configuration of
   the SR Mapping Server.  Depending on the flooding scope used, the SR
   Mapping Server chooses the OSPFv3 LSA type that will be used.  If the
   area flooding scope is needed, an E-Intra-Area-Prefix-LSA [RFC8362]
   is used.  If autonomous system flooding scope is needed, an E-AS-
   External-LSA [RFC8362] is used.

   When a Prefix-SID is advertised by the Mapping Server, which is
   indicated by the M-flag in the Prefix-SID Sub-TLV (Section 6), the
   route type as implied by the LSA type is ignored and the Prefix-SID
   is bound to the corresponding prefix independent of the route type.

   Advertisement of the Prefix-SID by the Mapping Server using an Inter-
   Area Prefix TLV, External-Prefix TLV, or Intra-Area-Prefix TLV
   [RFC8362] does not itself contribute to the prefix reachability.  The
   NU-bit [RFC5340] MUST be set in the PrefixOptions field of the LSA
   which is used by the Mapping Server to advertise SID or SID Range,
   which prevents the advertisement from contributing to prefix
   reachability.

   An SR Mapping Server MUST use the OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range TLVs
   when advertising SIDs for prefixes.  Prefixes of different route-
   types can be combined in a single OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range TLV
   advertised by an SR Mapping Server.

   Area-scoped OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range TLVs are propagated between
   areas, similar to propagation of prefixes between areas.  Same rules
   that are used for propagating prefixes between areas [RFC5340] are
   used for the propagation of the prefix ranges.







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8.2.  Inter-area Segment routing in OSPFv3

   In order to support SR in a multi-area environment, OSPFv3 MUST
   propagate Prefix-SID information between areas.  The following
   procedure is used to propagate Prefix SIDs between areas.

   When an OSPFv3 ABR advertises an Inter-Area-Prefix-LSA from an intra-
   area prefix to all its connected areas, it will also include the
   Prefix-SID Sub-TLV, as described in Section 6.  The Prefix-SID value
   will be set as follows:

      The ABR will look at its best path to the prefix in the source
      area and find the advertising router associated with the best path
      to that prefix.

      The ABR will then determine if such router advertised a Prefix-SID
      for the prefix and use it when advertising the Prefix-SID to other
      connected areas.

      If no Prefix-SID was advertised for the prefix in the source area
      by the router that contributes to the best path to the prefix, the
      originating ABR will use the Prefix-SID advertised by any other
      router when propagating the Prefix-SID for the prefix to other
      areas.

   When an OSPFv3 ABR advertises Inter-Area-Prefix-LSA LSAs from an
   inter-area route to all its connected areas, it will also include the
   Prefix-SID Sub-TLV, as described in Section 6.  The Prefix-SID value
   will be set as follows:

      The ABR will look at its best path to the prefix in the backbone
      area and find the advertising router associated with the best path
      to that prefix.

      The ABR will then determine if such router advertised a Prefix-SID
      for the prefix and use it when advertising the Prefix-SID to other
      connected areas.

      If no Prefix-SID was advertised for the prefix in the backbone
      area by the ABR that contributes to the best path to the prefix,
      the originating ABR will use the Prefix-SID advertised by any
      other router when propagating the Prefix-SID for the prefix to
      other areas.








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8.3.  Segment Routing for External Prefixes

   AS-External-LSAs are flooded domain wide.  When an ASBR, which
   supports SR, originates an E-AS-External-LSA, it SHOULD also include
   a Prefix-SID Sub-TLV, as described in Section 6.  The Prefix-SID
   value will be set to the SID that has been reserved for that prefix.

   When an NSSA [RFC3101] ABR translates an E-NSSA-LSA into an E-AS-
   External-LSA, it SHOULD also advertise the Prefix-SID for the prefix.
   The NSSA ABR determines its best path to the prefix advertised in the
   translated E-NSSA-LSA and finds the advertising router associated
   with that path.  If the advertising router has advertised a Prefix-
   SID for the prefix, then the NSSA ABR uses it when advertising the
   Prefix-SID for the E-AS-External-LSA.  Otherwise, the Prefix-SID
   advertised by any other router will be used.

8.4.  Advertisement of Adj-SID

   The Adjacency Segment Routing Identifier (Adj-SID) is advertised
   using the Adj-SID Sub-TLV as described in Section 7.

8.4.1.  Advertisement of Adj-SID on Point-to-Point Links

   An Adj-SID MAY be advertised for any adjacency on a P2P link that is
   in neighbor state 2-Way or higher.  If the adjacency on a P2P link
   transitions from the FULL state, then the Adj-SID for that adjacency
   MAY be removed from the area.  If the adjacency transitions to a
   state lower than 2-Way, then the Adj-SID advertisement MUST be
   withdrawn from the area.

8.4.2.  Adjacency SID on Broadcast or NBMA Interfaces

   Broadcast, NBMA, or hybrid [RFC6845] networks in OSPFv3 are
   represented by a star topology where the DR is the central point to
   which all other routers on the broadcast, NBMA, or hybrid network
   connect.  As a result, routers on the broadcast, NBMA, or hybrid
   network advertise only their adjacency to the DR.  Routers that do
   not act as DR do not form or advertise adjacencies with each other.
   They do, however, maintain 2-Way adjacency state with each other and
   are directly reachable.

   When Segment Routing is used, each router on the broadcast, NBMA, or
   hybrid network MAY advertise the Adj-SID for its adjacency to the DR
   using the Adj-SID Sub-TLV as described in Section 7.1.

   SR-capable routers MAY also advertise a LAN-Adj-SID for other
   neighbors (e.g., BDR, DR-OTHER) on the broadcast, NBMA, or hybrid
   network using the LAN-Adj-SID Sub-TLV as described in Section 7.2.



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9.  IANA Considerations

   This specification updates several existing OSPFv3 registries.

9.1.  OSPFv3 Extended-LSA TLV Registry

   Following values are allocated:

   o 9 - OSPFv3 Extended Prefix Range TLV

9.2.  OSPFv3 Extended-LSA Sub-TLV registry

   o 4 - Prefix SID Sub-TLV

   o 5 - Adj-SID Sub-TLV

   o 6 - LAN Adj-SID Sub-TLV

   o 7 - SID/Label Sub-TLV

10.  Security Considerations

   With the OSPFv3 segment routing extensions defined herein, OSPFv3
   will now program the MPLS data plane [RFC3031].  Previously, LDP
   [RFC5036] or another label distribution mechanism was required to
   advertise MPLS labels and program the MPLS data plane.

   In general, the same types of attacks that can be carried out on the
   IP control plane can be carried out on the MPLS control plane
   resulting in traffic being misrouted in the respective data planes.
   However, the latter can be more difficult to detect and isolate.

   Existing security extensions as described in [RFC5340] and [RFC8362]
   apply to these segment routing extensions.  While OSPFv3 is under a
   single administrative domain, there can be deployments where
   potential attackers have access to one or more networks in the OSPFv3
   routing domain.  In these deployments, stronger authentication
   mechanisms such as those specified in [RFC4552] or [RFC7166] SHOULD
   be used.

   Implementations MUST assure that malformed TLV and Sub-TLV defined in
   this document are detected and do not provide a vulnerability for
   attackers to crash the OSPFv3 router or routing process.  Reception
   of a malformed TLV or Sub-TLV SHOULD be counted and/or logged for
   further analysis.  Logging of malformed TLVs and Sub-TLVs SHOULD be
   rate-limited to prevent a Denial of Service (DoS) attack (distributed
   or otherwise) from overloading the OSPFv3 control plane.




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11.  Contributors

   The following people gave a substantial contribution to the content
   of this document and should be considered as co-authors:

      Clarence Filsfils
      Cisco Systems, Inc.
      Brussels
      Belgium

      Email: cfilsfil@cisco.com

      Hannes Gredler
      RtBrick Inc.
      Austria

      Email: hannes@rtbrick.com

      Rob Shakir
      Google, Inc.
      1600 Amphitheatre Parkway
      Mountain View, CA  94043
      US

      Email: robjs@google.com

      Wim Henderickx
      Nokia
      Copernicuslaan 50
      Antwerp  2018
      BE

      Email: wim.henderickx@nokia.com

      Jeff Tantsura
      Nuage Networks
      US

      Email: jefftant.ietf@gmail.com


   Thanks to Acee Lindem for his substantial contribution to the content
   of this document.

   We would like to thank Anton Smirnov for his contribution as well.






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12.  References

12.1.  Normative References

   [ALGOREG]  "IGP Algorithm Types", <https://www.iana.org/assignments/
              igp-parameters/igp-parameters.xhtml#igp-algorithm-types>.

   [I-D.ietf-ospf-segment-routing-extensions]
              Psenak, P., Previdi, S., Filsfils, C., Gredler, H.,
              Shakir, R., Henderickx, W., and J. Tantsura, "OSPF
              Extensions for Segment Routing", draft-ietf-ospf-segment-
              routing-extensions-27 (work in progress), December 2018.

   [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-ldp-interop]
              Bashandy, A., Filsfils, C., Previdi, S., Decraene, B., and
              S. Litkowski, "Segment Routing interworking with LDP",
              draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-ldp-interop-15 (work in
              progress), September 2018.

   [I-D.ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls]
              Bashandy, A., Filsfils, C., Previdi, S., Decraene, B.,
              Litkowski, S., and R. Shakir, "Segment Routing with MPLS
              data plane", draft-ietf-spring-segment-routing-mpls-18
              (work in progress), December 2018.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC3031]  Rosen, E., Viswanathan, A., and R. Callon, "Multiprotocol
              Label Switching Architecture", RFC 3031,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3031, January 2001,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3031>.

   [RFC3101]  Murphy, P., "The OSPF Not-So-Stubby Area (NSSA) Option",
              RFC 3101, DOI 10.17487/RFC3101, January 2003,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3101>.

   [RFC5036]  Andersson, L., Ed., Minei, I., Ed., and B. Thomas, Ed.,
              "LDP Specification", RFC 5036, DOI 10.17487/RFC5036,
              October 2007, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5036>.

   [RFC5340]  Coltun, R., Ferguson, D., Moy, J., and A. Lindem, "OSPF
              for IPv6", RFC 5340, DOI 10.17487/RFC5340, July 2008,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5340>.





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   [RFC5462]  Andersson, L. and R. Asati, "Multiprotocol Label Switching
              (MPLS) Label Stack Entry: "EXP" Field Renamed to "Traffic
              Class" Field", RFC 5462, DOI 10.17487/RFC5462, February
              2009, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5462>.

   [RFC6845]  Sheth, N., Wang, L., and J. Zhang, "OSPF Hybrid Broadcast
              and Point-to-Multipoint Interface Type", RFC 6845,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6845, January 2013,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6845>.

   [RFC7770]  Lindem, A., Ed., Shen, N., Vasseur, JP., Aggarwal, R., and
              S. Shaffer, "Extensions to OSPF for Advertising Optional
              Router Capabilities", RFC 7770, DOI 10.17487/RFC7770,
              February 2016, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7770>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.

   [RFC8362]  Lindem, A., Roy, A., Goethals, D., Reddy Vallem, V., and
              F. Baker, "OSPFv3 Link State Advertisement (LSA)
              Extensibility", RFC 8362, DOI 10.17487/RFC8362, April
              2018, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8362>.

   [RFC8402]  Filsfils, C., Ed., Previdi, S., Ed., Ginsberg, L.,
              Decraene, B., Litkowski, S., and R. Shakir, "Segment
              Routing Architecture", RFC 8402, DOI 10.17487/RFC8402,
              July 2018, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8402>.

12.2.  Informative References

   [RFC4552]  Gupta, M. and N. Melam, "Authentication/Confidentiality
              for OSPFv3", RFC 4552, DOI 10.17487/RFC4552, June 2006,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4552>.

   [RFC7166]  Bhatia, M., Manral, V., and A. Lindem, "Supporting
              Authentication Trailer for OSPFv3", RFC 7166,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7166, March 2014,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7166>.

   [RFC7855]  Previdi, S., Ed., Filsfils, C., Ed., Decraene, B.,
              Litkowski, S., Horneffer, M., and R. Shakir, "Source
              Packet Routing in Networking (SPRING) Problem Statement
              and Requirements", RFC 7855, DOI 10.17487/RFC7855, May
              2016, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7855>.






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Authors' Addresses

   Peter Psenak (editor)
   Cisco Systems, Inc.
   Eurovea Centre, Central 3
   Pribinova Street 10
   Bratislava  81109
   Slovakia

   Email: ppsenak@cisco.com


   Stefano Previdi (editor)
   Individual

   Email: stefano.previdi@net



































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