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Versions: (draft-wu-pce-pcep-link-bw-utilization) 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 RFC 8233

PCE Working Group                                               D. Dhody
Internet-Draft                                       Huawei Technologies
Intended status: Standards Track                               V. Manral
Expires: August 18, 2014                           Hewlett-Packard Corp.
                                                                  Z. Ali
                                                              G. Swallow
                                                           Cisco Systems
                                                               K. Kumaki
                                                        KDDI Corporation
                                                       February 14, 2014


Extensions to the Path Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP)
          to compute service aware Label Switched Path (LSP).
                  draft-ietf-pce-pcep-service-aware-03

Abstract

   In certain networks like financial information network (stock/
   commodity trading) and enterprises using cloud based applications,
   Latency (delay), Latency-Variation (jitter) and Packet Loss is
   becoming a key requirement for path computation along with other
   constraints and metrics.  Latency, Latency-Variation and Packet Loss
   is associated with the Service Level Agreement (SLA) between
   customers and service providers.

   [OSPF-TE-EXPRESS] and [ISIS-TE-EXPRESS] describes mechanisms with
   which network performance information is distributed via OSPF and
   ISIS respectively.  The Path Computation Element Communication
   Protocol (PCEP) provides mechanisms for Path Computation Elements
   (PCEs) to perform path computations in response to Path Computation
   Clients (PCCs) requests.  This document describes the extension to
   PCEP to carry Latency, Latency-Variation and Packet Loss as
   constraints for end to end path computation.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any




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   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on August 18, 2014.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.1.  Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  PCEP Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   4.  PCEP Extensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     4.1.  Latency (Delay) Metric  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
       4.1.1.  Latency (Delay) Metric Value  . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     4.2.  Latency Variation (Jitter) Metric . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
       4.2.1.  Latency Variation (Jitter) Metric Value . . . . . . .   7
     4.3.  Packet Loss Metric  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
       4.3.1.  Packet Loss Metric Value  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     4.4.  Non-Understanding / Non-Support of Service Aware Path
           Computation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     4.5.  Mode of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
       4.5.1.  Examples  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   5.  Relationship with Objective Functions . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   6.  Protocol Consideration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     6.1.  Inter-domain Consideration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
       6.1.1.  Inter-AS Link . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
       6.1.2.  Inter-Layer Consideration . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
     6.2.  Reoptimization Consideration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     6.3.  Point-to-Multipoint (P2MP)  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       6.3.1.  P2MP Latency Metric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       6.3.2.  P2MP Latency Variation Metric . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       6.3.3.  P2MP Packet Loss Metric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
     6.4.  Stateful PCE  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13



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   7.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   8.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   9.  Manageability Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     9.1.  Control of Function and Policy  . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     9.2.  Information and Data Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     9.3.  Liveness Detection and Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     9.4.  Verify Correct Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     9.5.  Requirements On Other Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     9.6.  Impact On Network Operations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   10. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   11. References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     11.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     11.2.  Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
   Appendix A.  Contributor Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17

1.  Introduction

   Real time network performance is becoming a critical in the path
   computation in some networks.  Mechanisms to measure Latency,
   Latency-Variation, and Packet Loss in an MPLS network are described
   in [RFC6374].  Further, there exist mechanisms to measure these
   network performance metrics after the LSP has been established, which
   is inefficient.  It is important that Latency, Latency-Variation, and
   Packet Loss are considered during path selection process, even before
   the LSP is set up.

   Traffic Engineering Database (TED) is populated with network
   performance information like link latency, latency variation and
   packet loss through [OSPF-TE-EXPRESS] or [ISIS-TE-EXPRESS].  Path
   Computation Client (PCC) can request Path Computation Element (PCE)
   to provide a path meeting end to end network performance criteria.
   This document extends Path Computation Element Communication Protocol
   (PCEP) [RFC5440] to handle network performance constraint.

   PCE MAY use mechanism described in [MPLS-TE-EXPRESS-PATH] on how to
   use the link latency, latency variation and packet loss information
   for end to end path selection.

   [OSPF-TE-EXPRESS] and [ISIS-TE-EXPRESS] include parameters related to
   bandwidth (Residual bandwidth, Available bandwidth and Utilized
   bandwidth); [PCEP-BW-UTIL] describes extensions to PCEP to consider
   them.

1.1.  Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].



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2.  Terminology

   The following terminology is used in this document.

   IGP:  Interior Gateway Protocol.  Either of the two routing
      protocols, Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) or Intermediate System
      to Intermediate System (IS-IS).

   IS-IS:  Intermediate System to Intermediate System.

   OSPF:  Open Shortest Path First.

   PCC:  Path Computation Client: any client application requesting a
      path computation to be performed by a Path Computation Element.

   PCE:  Path Computation Element.  An entity (component, application,
      or network node) that is capable of computing a network path or
      route based on a network graph and applying computational
      constraints.

   TE:  Traffic Engineering.

3.  PCEP Requirements

   End-to-end service optimization based on latency, latency-variation
   and packet loss is a key requirement for service provider.  Following
   key requirements associated with latency, latency-variation and loss
   are identified for PCEP:

   1.  PCE supporting this draft MUST have the capability to compute
       end-to-end path with latency, latency-variation and packet loss
       constraints.  It MUST also support the combination of network
       performance constraint (latency, latency-variation, loss...) with
       existing constraints (cost, hop-limit...)

   2.  PCC MUST be able to request for network performance constraint(s)
       in PCReq message as the key constraint to be optimized or to
       suggest boundary condition that should not be crossed.

   3.  PCEs are not required to support service aware path computation.
       Therefore, it MUST be possible for a PCE to reject a PCReq
       message with a reason code that indicates no support for service-
       aware path computation.

   4.  PCEP SHOULD provide a means to return end to end network
       performance information of the computed path in a PCRep message.





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   5.  PCEP SHOULD provide mechanism to compute multi-domain (e.g.,
       Inter-AS, Inter-Area or Multi-Layer) service aware paths.

   It is assumed that such constraints are only meaningful if used
   consistently: for instance, if the delay of a computed path segment
   is exchanged between two PCEs residing in different domains,
   consistent ways of defining the delay must be used.

4.  PCEP Extensions

   This section defines PCEP extensions (see [RFC5440]) for requirements
   outlined in Section 3.  The proposed solution is used to support
   network performance and service aware path computation.

   The METRIC object is defined in section 7.8 of [RFC5440], comprising
   of metric-value, metric-type (T field) and flags.  This document
   defines the following optional types for the METRIC object.

   For explanation of these metrics, the following terminology is used
   and expanded along the way.

   - A network comprises of a set of N links {Li, (i=1...N)}.

   - A path P of a P2P LSP is a list of K links {Lpi,(i=1...K)}.

4.1.  Latency (Delay) Metric

   Link delay metric is defined in [OSPF-TE-EXPRESS] and
   [ISIS-TE-EXPRESS].  P2P latency metric type of METRIC object in PCEP
   encodes the sum of the link delay metric of all links along a P2P
   Path.  Specifically, extending on the above mentioned terminology:

   - A Link delay metric of link L is denoted D(L).

   - A P2P latency metric for the Path P = Sum {D(Lpi), (i=1...K)}.

   * Metric Type T=13(TBA - IANA): Latency metric

   PCC MAY use this latency metric in PCReq message to request a path
   meeting the end to end latency requirement.  In this case B bit MUST
   be set to suggest a bound (a maximum) for the path latency metric
   that must not be exceeded for the PCC to consider the computed path
   as acceptable.  The path metric must be less than or equal to the
   value specified in the metric-value field.

   PCC MAY also use this metric to ask PCE to optimize latency during
   path computation, in this case B flag will be cleared.




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   PCE MAY use this latency metric in PCRep message along with NO-PATH
   object in case PCE cannot compute a path meeting this constraint.
   PCE MAY also use this metric to reply the computed end to end latency
   metric to PCC.

4.1.1.  Latency (Delay) Metric Value

   [OSPF-TE-EXPRESS] and [ISIS-TE-EXPRESS] defines "Unidirectional Link
   Delay Sub-TLV" in a 24-bit field.  [RFC5440] defines the METRIC
   object with 32-bit metric value.  Consequently, encoding for Latency
   (Delay) Metric Value is defined as follows:

       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      | Reserved      |        Latency (Delay) Metric                 |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+


   Reserved (8 bits):  Reserved field.  This field MUST be set to zero
      on transmission and MUST be ignored on receipt.

   Latency (Delay) Metric (24 bits):  Represents the end to end Latency
      (delay) quantified in units of microseconds and MUST be encoded as
      integer value.  With the maximum value 16,777,215 representing
      16.777215 sec.

4.2.  Latency Variation (Jitter) Metric

   Link delay variation metric is defined in [OSPF-TE-EXPRESS] and
   [ISIS-TE-EXPRESS].  P2P latency variation metric type of METRIC
   object in PCEP encodes the sum of the link delay variation metric of
   all links along a P2P Path.  Specifically, extending on the above
   mentioned terminology:

   - A Latency variation of link L is denoted DV(L).

   - A P2P latency variation metric for the Path P = Sum {DV(Lpi),
   (i=1...K)}.

   * Metric Type T=14(TBA - IANA): Latency Variation metric

   PCC MAY use this latency variation metric in PCReq message to request
   a path meeting the end to end latency variation requirement.  In this
   case B bit MUST be set to suggest a bound (a maximum) for the path
   latency variation metric that must not be exceeded for the PCC to
   consider the computed path as acceptable.  The path metric must be
   less than or equal to the value specified in the metric-value field.




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   PCC MAY also use this metric to ask PCE to optimize latency variation
   during path computation, in this case B flag will be cleared.

   PCE MAY use this latency variation metric in PCRep message along with
   NO-PATH object in case PCE cannot compute a path meeting this
   constraint.  PCE MAY also use this metric to reply the computed end
   to end latency variation metric to PCC.

4.2.1.  Latency Variation (Jitter) Metric Value

   [OSPF-TE-EXPRESS] and [ISIS-TE-EXPRESS] defines "Unidirectional Delay
   Variation Sub-TLV" in a 24-bit field.  [RFC5440] defines the METRIC
   object with 32-bit metric value.  Consequently, encoding for Latency
   Variation (Jitter) Metric Value is defined as follows:

       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |   Reserved    |     Latency variation (jitter) Metric         |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+


   Reserved (8 bits):  Reserved field.  This field MUST be set to zero
      on transmission and MUST be ignored on receipt.

   Latency variation (jitter) Metric (24 bits):  Represents the end to
      end Latency variation (jitter) quantified in units of microseconds
      and MUST be encoded as integer value.  With the maximum value
      16,777,215 representing 16.777215 sec.

4.3.  Packet Loss Metric

   [OSPF-TE-EXPRESS] and [ISIS-TE-EXPRESS] defines "Unidirectional Link
   Loss".  Packet Loss metric type of METRIC object in PCEP encodes a
   function of the link's unidirectional loss metric of all links along
   a P2P Path.  Specifically, extending on the above mentioned
   terminology:

   The end to end Packet Loss for the path is represented by this
   metric.

   - A Packet loss of link L is denoted PL(L).

   - An Effective Packet loss at link L along the Path P is denoted
   EPL(Lpi) = (((100-EPL(Lpi-1)) * PL(Lpi))/100).  Where EPL(Lp1) =
   PL(Lp1).

   - A P2P packet loss metric for the Path P = sum {EPL(Lpi),
   (i=1...K)}.



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   * Metric Type T=15(TBA - IANA): Packet Loss metric

   PCC MAY use this packet loss metric in PCReq message to request a
   path meeting the end to end packet loss requirement.  In this case B
   bit MUST be set to suggest a bound (a maximum) for the path packet
   loss metric that must not be exceeded for the PCC to consider the
   computed path as acceptable.  The path metric must be less than or
   equal to the value specified in the metric-value field.

   PCC MAY also use this metric to ask PCE to optimize packet loss
   during path computation, in this case B flag will be cleared.

   PCE MAY use this packet loss metric in PCRep message along with NO-
   PATH object in case PCE cannot compute a path meeting this
   constraint.  PCE MAY also use this metric to reply the computed end
   to end packet loss metric to PCC.

4.3.1.  Packet Loss Metric Value

   [OSPF-TE-EXPRESS] and [ISIS-TE-EXPRESS] defines "Unidirectional Link
   Loss Sub-TLV" in a 24-bit field.  [RFC5440] defines the METRIC object
   with 32-bit metric value.  Consequently, encoding for Packet Loss
   Metric Value is defined as follows:

       0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |  Reserved     |                Packet loss Metric             |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+


   Reserved (8 bits):  Reserved field.  This field MUST be set to zero
      on transmission and MUST be ignored on receipt.

   Packet loss Metric (24 bits):  Represents the end to end packet loss
      quantified as a percentage of packets lost and MUST be encoded as
      integer.  The basic unit is 0.000003%, with the maximum value
      16,777,215 representing 50.331645% (16,777,215 * 0.000003%).  This
      value is the highest packet loss percentage that can be expressed.

4.4.  Non-Understanding / Non-Support of Service Aware Path Computation

   If the P bit is clear in the object header and PCE does not
   understand or does not support service aware path computation it
   SHOULD simply ignore this METRIC object.

   If the P Bit is set in the object header and PCE receives new METRIC
   type in path request and it understands the METRIC type, but the PCE
   is not capable of service aware path computation, the PCE MUST send a



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   PCErr message with a PCEP-ERROR Object Error-Type = 4 (Not supported
   object) [RFC5440].  The path computation request MUST then be
   cancelled.

   If the PCE does not understand the new METRIC type, then the PCE MUST
   send a PCErr message with a PCEP-ERROR Object Error-Type = 3 (Unknown
   object) [RFC5440].

4.5.  Mode of Operation

   As explained in [RFC5440], the METRIC object is optional and can be
   used for several purposes.  In a PCReq message, a PCC MAY insert one
   or more METRIC objects:

   o  To indicate the metric that MUST be optimized by the path
      computation algorithm (Latency, Latency-Variation or Loss)

   o  To indicate a bound on the path METRIC (Latency, Latency-Variation
      or Loss) that MUST NOT be exceeded for the path to be considered
      as acceptable by the PCC.

   In a PCRep message, the METRIC object MAY be inserted so as to
   provide the METRIC (Latency, Latency-Variation or Loss) for the
   computed path.  It MAY also be inserted within a PCRep with the NO-
   PATH object to indicate that the metric constraint could not be
   satisfied.

   The path computation algorithmic aspects used by the PCE to optimize
   a path with respect to a specific metric are outside the scope of
   this document.

   All the rules of processing METRIC object as explained in [RFC5440]
   are applicable to the new metric types as well.

   In a PCReq message, a PCC MAY insert more than one METRIC object to
   be optimized, in such a case PCE should find the path that is optimal
   when both the metrics are considered together.

4.5.1.  Examples

   Example 1: If a PCC sends a path computation request to a PCE where
   two metric to optimize are the latency and the packet loss, two
   METRIC objects are inserted in the PCReq message:

   o  First METRIC object with B=0, T=13 (TBA - IANA), C=1, metric-
      value=0x0000





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   o  Second METRIC object with B=0, T=15 (TBA - IANA), C=1, metric-
      value=0x0000

   PCE in such a case should try to optimize both the metrics and find a
   path with the minimum latency and packet loss, if a path can be found
   by the PCE and there is no policy that prevents the return of the
   computed metric, the PCE inserts first METRIC object with B=0, T=13
   (TBA - IANA), metric-value= computed end to end latency and second
   METRIC object with B=1, T=15 (TBA - IANA), metric-value= computed end
   to end packet loss.

   Example 2: If a PCC sends a path computation request to a PCE where
   the metric to optimize is the latency and the packet loss must not
   exceed the value of M, two METRIC objects are inserted in the PCReq
   message:

   o  First METRIC object with B=0, T=13 (TBA - IANA), C=1, metric-
      value=0x0000

   o  Second METRIC object with B=1, T=15 (TBA - IANA), metric-value=M

   If a path satisfying the set of constraints can be found by the PCE
   and there is no policy that prevents the return of the computed
   metric, the PCE inserts one METRIC object with B=0, T=13 (TBA -
   IANA), metric-value= computed end to end latency.  Additionally, the
   PCE may insert a second METRIC object with B=1, T=15 (TBA - IANA),
   metric-value= computed end to end packet loss.

5.  Relationship with Objective Functions

   [RFC5541] defines mechanism to specify an optimization criteria,
   referred to as objective functions.  The new metric types specified
   in this document MAY continue to use the existing objective
   functions.

   Minimum Cost Path (MCP) is one such objective function.

   o  A network comprises a set of N links {Li, (i=1...N)}.

   o  A path P is a list of K links {Lpi,(i=1...K)}.

   o  Metric of link L is denoted M(L).  This can be any metric,
      including the ones defined in this document.

   o  The cost of a path P is denoted C(P), where C(P) = sum
      {M(Lpi),(i=1...K)}.

   Name: Minimum Cost Path (MCP)



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   Description: Find a path P such that C(P) is minimized.

   The new metric types for example latency (delay) can continue to use
   the above objective function to find the minimum cost path where cost
   is latency (delay).  At the same time new objective functions can be
   defined in future to optimize these new metric types.

6.  Protocol Consideration

   There is no change in the message format of PCReq and PCRep Messages.

6.1.  Inter-domain Consideration

   [RFC5441] describes the Backward-Recursive PCE-Based Computation
   (BRPC) procedure to compute end to end optimized inter-domain path by
   cooperating PCEs.  The new metric defined in this document can be
   applied to end to end path computation, in similar manner as existing
   IGP or TE metric.

   All domains should have the same understanding of the METRIC
   (Latency-Variation etc) for end-to-end inter-domain path computation
   to make sense.  Otherwise some form of Metric Normalization as
   described in [RFC5441] MAY need to be applied.

6.1.1.  Inter-AS Link

   The IGP in each neighbor domain can advertise its inter-domain TE
   link capabilities, this has been described in [RFC5316] (ISIS) and
   [RFC5392] (OSPF).  The network performance link properties are
   described in [OSPF-TE-EXPRESS] and [ISIS-TE-EXPRESS], the same
   properties must be advertised using the mechanism described in
   [RFC5392] (OSPF) and [RFC5316] (ISIS).

6.1.2.  Inter-Layer Consideration

   [RFC5623] provides a framework for PCE-Based inter-layer MPLS and
   GMPLS Traffic Engineering.  Lower-layer LSPs that are advertised as
   TE links into the higher-layer network form a Virtual Network
   Topology (VNT).  The advertisement in higher-layer should include the
   network performance link properties based on the end to end metric of
   lower-layer LSP.  Note that the new metric defined in this document
   are applied to end to end path computation, even though the path may
   cross multiple layers.








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6.2.  Reoptimization Consideration

   PCC can monitor the setup LSPs and in case of degradation of network
   performance constraints, it MAY ask PCE for reoptimization as per
   [RFC5440].  Based on the changes in performance parameters in TED, a
   PCC MAY also issue a reoptimization request.

6.3.  Point-to-Multipoint (P2MP)

   This document defines the following optional types for the METRIC
   object defined in [RFC5440] for P2MP TE LSPs.

6.3.1.  P2MP Latency Metric

   P2MP latency metric type of METRIC object in PCEP encodes the path
   latency metric for destination that observes the worst latency metric
   among all destinations of the P2MP tree.  Specifically, extending on
   the above mentioned terminology:

   - A P2MP Tree T comprises of a set of M destinations {Dest_j,
   (j=1...M)}

   - P2P latency metric of the Path to destination Dest_j is denoted by
   LM(Dest_j).

   - P2MP latency metric for the P2MP tree T = Maximum {LM(Dest_j),
   (j=1...M)}.

   Value for P2MP latency metric type (T) is to be assigned by IANA.

6.3.2.  P2MP Latency Variation Metric

   P2MP latency variation metric type of METRIC object in PCEP encodes
   the path latency variation metric for destination that observes the
   worst latency variation metric among all destinations of the P2MP
   tree.  Specifically, extending on the above mentioned terminology:

   - A P2MP Tree T comprises of a set of M destinations {Dest_j,
   (j=1...M)}

   - P2P latency variation metric of the Path to destination Dest_j is
   denoted by LVM(Dest_j).

   - P2MP latency variation metric for the P2MP tree T = Maximum
   {LVM(Dest_j), (j=1...M)}.

   Value for P2MP latency variation metric type (T) is to be assigned by
   IANA.



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6.3.3.  P2MP Packet Loss Metric

   P2MP packet loss metric type of METRIC object in PCEP encodes the
   path packet loss metric for destination that observes the worst
   packet loss metric among all destinations of the P2MP tree.
   Specifically, extending on the above mentioned terminology:

   - A P2MP Tree T comprises of a set of M destinations {Dest_j,
   (j=1...M)}

   - P2P packet loss metric of the Path to destination Dest_j is denoted
   by PLM(Dest_j).

   - P2MP packet loss metric for the P2MP tree T = Maximum {PLM(Dest_j),
   (j=1...M)}.

   Value for P2MP packet loss metric type (T) is to be assigned by IANA.

6.4.  Stateful PCE

   [STATEFUL-PCE] specifies a set of extensions to PCEP to enable
   stateful control of MPLS-TE and GMPLS LSPs via PCEP and maintaining
   of these LSPs at the stateful PCE.  A Path Computation LSP State
   Report message (also referred to as PCRpt message) is a PCEP message
   sent by a PCC to a PCE to report the current state of an LSP.  This
   message contains the metric-list as part of attributes, the new
   metric types defined in this document for network performance
   parameter MAY be carried to report them to stateful PCEs.

7.  IANA Considerations

   New metric object T fields have been defined in this document.  IANA
   has made the following allocations from the PCEP "METRIC Object T
   Field" sub-registry:

   Value       Description                        Reference
   13(TBD)     Latency (delay) metric             [This I.D.]
   14(TBD)     Latency Variation (jitter) metric  [This I.D.]
   15(TBD)     Packet Loss metric                 [This I.D.]
   16(TBD)     P2MP latency metric                [This I.D.]
   17(TBD)     P2MP latency variation metric      [This I.D.]
   18(TBD)     P2MP packet loss metric            [This I.D.]









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8.  Security Considerations

   This document defines new METRIC types which does not add any new
   security concerns beyond those discussed in [RFC5440].

9.  Manageability Considerations

9.1.  Control of Function and Policy

   The only configurable item is the support of the new service-aware
   METRICS on a PCE which MAY be controlled by a policy module.  If the
   new METRIC is not supported/allowed on a PCE, it MUST send a PCErr
   message as specified in Section 4.4.

9.2.  Information and Data Models

   [PCEP-MIB] describes the PCEP MIB, there are no new MIB Objects for
   this document.

9.3.  Liveness Detection and Monitoring

   Mechanisms defined in this document do not imply any new liveness
   detection and monitoring requirements in addition to those already
   listed in [RFC5440].

9.4.  Verify Correct Operations

   Mechanisms defined in this document do not imply any new operation
   verification requirements in addition to those already listed in
   [RFC5440].

9.5.  Requirements On Other Protocols

   PCE requires the TED to be populated with network performance
   information like link latency, latency variation and packet loss.
   This mechanism is described in [OSPF-TE-EXPRESS] and
   [ISIS-TE-EXPRESS].

9.6.  Impact On Network Operations

   Mechanisms defined in this document do not have any impact on network
   operations in addition to those already listed in [RFC5440].

10.  Acknowledgments

   We would like to thank Young Lee, Venugopal Reddy, Reeja Paul,
   Sandeep Kumar Boina, Suresh Babu, Quintin Zhao, Chen Huaimo and
   Avantika for their useful comments and suggestions.



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11.  References

11.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC5440]  Vasseur, JP. and JL. Le Roux, "Path Computation Element
              (PCE) Communication Protocol (PCEP)", RFC 5440, March
              2009.

11.2.  Informative References

   [RFC5441]  Vasseur, JP., Zhang, R., Bitar, N., and JL. Le Roux, "A
              Backward-Recursive PCE-Based Computation (BRPC) Procedure
              to Compute Shortest Constrained Inter-Domain Traffic
              Engineering Label Switched Paths", RFC 5441, April 2009.

   [RFC5316]  Chen, M., Zhang, R., and X. Duan, "ISIS Extensions in
              Support of Inter-Autonomous System (AS) MPLS and GMPLS
              Traffic Engineering", RFC 5316, December 2008.

   [RFC5392]  Chen, M., Zhang, R., and X. Duan, "OSPF Extensions in
              Support of Inter-Autonomous System (AS) MPLS and GMPLS
              Traffic Engineering", RFC 5392, January 2009.

   [RFC5541]  Le Roux, JL., Vasseur, JP., and Y. Lee, "Encoding of
              Objective Functions in the Path Computation Element
              Communication Protocol (PCEP)", RFC 5541, June 2009.

   [RFC5623]  Oki, E., Takeda, T., Le Roux, JL., and A. Farrel,
              "Framework for PCE-Based Inter-Layer MPLS and GMPLS
              Traffic Engineering", RFC 5623, September 2009.

   [RFC6374]  Frost, D. and S. Bryant, "Packet Loss and Delay
              Measurement for MPLS Networks", RFC 6374, September 2011.

   [OSPF-TE-EXPRESS]
              Giacalone, S., Ward, D., Drake, J., Atlas, A., and S.
              Previdi, "OSPF Traffic Engineering (TE) Metric Extensions
              [draft-ietf-ospf-te-metric-extensions]", December 2013.

   [ISIS-TE-EXPRESS]
              Previdi, S., Giacalone, S., Ward, D., Drake, J., Atlas,
              A., Filsfils, C., and Q. Wu, "IS-IS Traffic Engineering
              (TE) Metric Extensions [draft-ietf-isis-te-metric-
              extensions]", October 2013.




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   [MPLS-TE-EXPRESS-PATH]
              Atlas, A., Drake, J., Ward, D., Giacalone, S., Previdi,
              S., and C. Filsfils, "Performance-based Path Selection for
              Explicitly Routed LSPs [draft-ietf-mpls-te-express-path]",
              October 2013.

   [PCEP-MIB]
              Kiran Koushik, A., Stephan, E., Zhao, Q., King, D., and J.
              Hardwick, "PCE communication protocol(PCEP) Management
              Information Base [draft-ietf-pce-pcep-mib]", February
              2014.

   [STATEFUL-PCE]
              Crabbe, E., Medved, J., Minei, I., and R. Varga,, "PCEP
              Extensions for Stateful PCE (draft-ietf-pce-stateful-
              pce)", October 2013.

   [PCEP-BW-UTIL]
              Wu, Q., Dhody, D., and S. Previdi, "Extensions to Path
              Computation Element Communication Protocol (PCEP) for
              handling Link Bandwidth Utilization (draft-wu-pce-pcep-
              link-bw-utilization)", February 2014.





























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Appendix A.  Contributor Addresses

   Clarence Filsfils
   Cisco Systems
   EMail: cfilsfil@cisco.com

   Siva Sivabalan
   Cisco Systems
   EMail: msiva@cisco.com

   Stefano Previdi
   Cisco Systems
   EMail: sprevidi@cisco.com

   Udayasree Palle
   Huawei Technologies
   Leela Palace
   Bangalore, Karnataka  560008
   INDIA
   EMail: udayasree.palle@huawei.com

   Xian Zhang
   Huawei Technologies
   F3-1-B R&D Center, Huawei Base Bantian, Longgang District
   Shenzhen, Guangdong  518129
   P.R.China
   Email: zhang.xian@huawei.com


Authors' Addresses

   Dhruv Dhody
   Huawei Technologies
   Leela Palace
   Bangalore, Karnataka  560008
   INDIA

   EMail: dhruv.ietf@gmail.com


   Vishwas Manral
   Hewlett-Packard Corp.
   USA

   EMail: vishwas.ietf@gmail.com






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   Zafar Ali
   Cisco Systems

   EMail: zali@cisco.com


   George Swallow
   Cisco Systems

   EMail: swallow@cisco.com


   Kenji Kumaki
   KDDI Corporation

   EMail: ke-kumaki@kddi.com



































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