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Versions: (draft-jesup-rtcweb-data-protocol) 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Draft is active
In: MissingRef
Network Working Group                                           R. Jesup
Internet-Draft                                                   Mozilla
Intended status: Standards Track                               S. Loreto
Expires: August 15, 2014                                        Ericsson
                                                               M. Tuexen
                                        Muenster Univ. of Appl. Sciences
                                                       February 11, 2014


               WebRTC Data Channel Establishment Protocol
                 draft-ietf-rtcweb-data-protocol-03.txt

Abstract

   The Web Real-Time Communication (WebRTC) working group is charged to
   provide protocols to support for direct interactive rich
   communication using audio, video, and data between two peers' web-
   browsers.  This document specifies a simple protocol for establishing
   symmetric data channels between the peers.  It uses a two way
   handshake and allows sending of user data without waiting for the
   handshake to complete.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on August 15, 2014.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2014 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents



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   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   3.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   4.  Protocol Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   5.  Message Formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     5.1.  DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN Message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     5.2.  DATA_CHANNEL_ACK Message  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   6.  Procedures  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   7.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
   8.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     8.1.  SCTP Payload Protocol Identifier  . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     8.2.  New Message Type Registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     8.3.  New Channel Type Registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     8.4.  New Protocol Registry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   9.  Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   10. References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     10.1.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
     10.2.  Informational References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11

1.  Introduction

   The Data Channel Establishment Protocol (DCEP) is designed to
   provide, in the WebRTC data channel context
   [I-D.ietf-rtcweb-data-channel], a simple in-band method to open
   symmetric data channels.  As discussed in
   [I-D.ietf-rtcweb-data-channel], the protocol uses the Stream Control
   Transmission Protocol (SCTP) [RFC4960] encapsulated in the Datagram
   Transport Layer Security (DTLS) [RFC6347] as described in
   [I-D.ietf-tsvwg-sctp-dtls-encaps] to benefit from their already
   standardized transport and security features.

2.  Conventions

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].






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3.  Terminology

   This document uses the following terms:

   Association:  An SCTP association.

   Stream:  A unidirectional stream of an SCTP association.  It is
      uniquely identified by an SCTP stream identifier (0-65534).  Note:
      the SCTP stream identifier 65535 is reserved due to SCTP INIT and
      INIT-ACK chunks only allowing a maximum of 65535 streams to be
      negotiated (0-65534).

   Channel:  Two Streams with the same SCTP stream identifier, one in
      each direction, which are managed together.

4.  Protocol Overview

   This protocol is a simple, low-overhead way to establish
   bidirectional Channels over an SCTP association with a consistent set
   of properties.

   The set of consistent properties includes

   o  whether the messages are transmitted reliable or unreliable.  In
      case of unreliable transmissions, the same level of unreliability
      is used.

   o  whether the messages are delivered in-order or out-of order.

   o  an optional label for the Channel.

   o  an optional protocol for the Channel.

   o  the SCTP streams.

   The Data Channel Establishment Protocol uses a two way handshake to
   open a data channel by combining two SCTP streams, one in each
   direction, with the same SCTP stream identifier.  The side wanting to
   open a data channel selects an SCTP stream identifier for which the
   corresponding incoming and outgoing SCTP stream is unused and sends a
   DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN message on this outgoing SCTP stream.  The peer
   responds with a DATA_CHANNEL_ACK message on its corresponding
   outgoing SCTP stream.  Then the data channel is open.  Please note
   that the opening side can send user messages before the
   DATA_CHANNEL_ACK is received.  Data channel messages are sent on the
   same Stream as the user messages belonging to the data channel.  The
   demultiplexing is based on the SCTP payload protocol identifier




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   (PPID), since the Data Channel Establishment Protocol uses a specific
   PPID.

   To avoid glare in opening Channels, each side MUST use either even or
   odd Streams when sending a DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN message.  The method
   used to determine which side uses odd or even is based on the
   underlying DTLS connection role when used in WebRTC, with the side
   acting as the DTLS client using even stream identifiers.

   Note: There is no attempt to resolve label glare; if both sides open
   a Channel labeled "x" at the same time, there will be two Channels
   labeled "x" - one on an even Stream pair, one on an odd pair.

   The protocol field is to ease cross-application interoperation
   ("federation") by identifying the user data being passed with an
   IANA-registered string (see Section 8.4), and may be useful for
   homogenous applications which may create more than one type of
   Channel.

5.  Message Formats

   Every Data Channel Establishment Protocol message starts with a one
   byte field called "Message Type" which indicates the type of the
   message.  The corresponding values are managed by IANA (see
   Section 8.2).

5.1.  DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN Message

   This message is sent initially on the stream used for user messages
   using the channel.

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |  Message Type |  Channel Type |            Priority           |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                    Reliability Parameter                      |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |         Label Length          |       Protocol Length         |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   \                                                               /
   |                             Label                             |
   /                                                               \
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   \                                                               /
   |                            Protocol                           |
   /                                                               \
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+



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   Message Type: 1 byte (unsigned integer)
      This field holds the IANA defined message type for the the
      DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN message.  The suggested value of this field for
      IANA is 0x03.

   Channel Type: 1 byte (unsigned integer)
      This field specifies the type of the channel to be opened and the
      values are managed by IANA (see Section 8.3):

      DATA_CHANNEL_RELIABLE (0x00):  The channel provides a reliable in-
         order bi-directional communication channel.

      DATA_CHANNEL_RELIABLE_UNORDERED (0x80):  The channel provides a
         reliable unordered bi-directional communication channel.

      DATA_CHANNEL_PARTIAL_RELIABLE_REXMIT (0x01):  The channel provides
         a partially-reliable in-order bi-directional Communication
         channel.  User messages will not be retransmitted more times
         than specified in the Reliability Parameter.

      DATA_CHANNEL_PARTIAL_RELIABLE_REXMIT_UNORDERED (0x81):  The
         channel provides a partial reliable unordered bi-directional
         Communication channel.  User messages will not be retransmitted
         more times than specified in the Reliability Parameter.

      DATA_CHANNEL_PARTIAL_RELIABLE_TIMED (0x02):  The channel provides
         a partial reliable in-order bi-directional Communication
         channel.  User messages might not be transmitted or
         retransmitted after a specified life-time given in milli-
         seconds in the Reliability Parameter.  This life-time starts
         when providing the user message to the Javascript engine.

      DATA_CHANNEL_PARTIAL_RELIABLE_TIMED_UNORDERED (0x82):  The channel
         provides a partial reliable unordered bi-directional
         Communication channel.  User messages might not be transmitted
         or retransmitted after a specified life-time given in milli-
         seconds in the Reliability Parameter.  This life-time starts
         when providing the user message to the Javascript engine.

   Priority: 2 bytes (integer)
      The priority of the channel as described in
      [I-D.ietf-rtcweb-data-channel].  The higher the number, the lower
      the priority.

   Reliability Parameter: 4 bytes (unsigned integer)
      This field is ignored if a reliable channel is used.
      If a partial reliable channel with limited number of
      retransmissions is used, this field specifies the number of



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      retransmissions.  If a partial reliable channel with limited
      lifetime is used, this field specifies the maximum lifetime in
      milliseconds.  The following table summarizes this:

   +------------------------------------------------+------------------+
   | Channel Type                                   |   Reliability    |
   |                                                |    Parameter     |
   +------------------------------------------------+------------------+
   | DATA_CHANNEL_RELIABLE                          |     Ignored      |
   | DATA_CHANNEL_RELIABLE_UNORDERED                |     Ignored      |
   | DATA_CHANNEL_PARTIAL_RELIABLE_REXMIT           |  Number of RTX   |
   | DATA_CHANNEL_PARTIAL_RELIABLE_REXMIT_UNORDERED |  Number of RTX   |
   | DATA_CHANNEL_PARTIAL_RELIABLE_TIMED            |  Lifetime in ms  |
   | DATA_CHANNEL_PARTIAL_RELIABLE_TIMED_UNORDERED  |  Lifetime in ms  |
   +------------------------------------------------+------------------+

   Label Length: 2 bytes (unsigned integer)
      The length of the label field in bytes.

   Protocol Length: 2 bytes (unsigned integer)
      The length of the protocol field in bytes.

   Label: Variable Length (sequence of characters)
      The name of the channel.  This may be an empty string.

   Protocol: Variable Length (sequence of characters)
      The protocol for the channel.  If this is an empty string the
      protocol us unspecified.  If it is an non-empty string, it
      specifies an IANA-registered protocol (see Section 8.4).

5.2.  DATA_CHANNEL_ACK Message

   This message is sent in response to an DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN_RESPONSE
   message on the stream used for user messages using the channel.
   Reception of this message tells the opener that the channel setup
   handshake is complete.

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |  Message Type |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   Message Type: 1 byte (unsigned integer)
      This field holds the IANA defined message type for the the
      DATA_CHANNEL_ACK message.  The suggested value of this field for
      IANA is 0x02.




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6.  Procedures

   All Data Channel Establishment Protocol messages MUST be sent
   requesting ordered delivery and using reliable transmission.  They
   MUST be sent on the same outgoing SCTP stream as the user messages
   belonging to the corresponding data channel.  Multiplexing and
   demultiplexing is done by using the SCTP payload protocol identifier
   (PPID).  Therefore Data Channel Establishment Protocol message MUST
   be sent with the assigned PPID for the Data Channel Establishment
   Protocol (see Section 8.1).  Other message MUST NOT be sent using
   this PPID.

   If one sides wants to open a data channel, it chooses an SCTP stream
   identifier for which the corresponding incoming and outgoing SCTP
   streams are free.  If the side is the DTLS client, it MUST choose an
   even stream identifier, if the side is the DTLS server, it MUST
   choose an odd one.  It fills in the parameters of the
   DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN message and sends it on the chosen SCTP stream.

   After the DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN message has been sent, the sender of it
   can start sending messages containing user data without waiting for
   the reception of the corresponding DATA_CHANNEL_ACK message.
   However, before the DATA_CHANNEL_ACK message or any other message has
   been received on the data channel, all other messages containing user
   data and belonging to the data channel MUST be sent ordered, not
   matter whether the data channel is ordered or not.  After the
   DATA_CHANNEL_ACK or any other message has been received on the data
   channel, messages containing user data MUST be send ordered on
   ordered data channels and MUST be sent unordered on unordered data
   channels.  Therefore receiving a message containing user data on an
   unused SCTP stream indicates an error.  The corresponding outgoing
   SCTP stream MUST be reset using [RFC6525].

   If a DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN message is received on an unused stream, the
   stream identifier corresponds to the role of the peer and all
   parameters in the DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN message are valid, then a
   corresponding DATA_CHANNEL_ACK message is sent on the stream with the
   same stream identifier as the one the DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN message was
   received on.

   If a DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN message is received on an already used SCTP
   stream or there are any problems with parameters within the
   DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN message or the DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN message itself is
   not well-formed, the receiver MUST reset the corresponding outgoing
   SCTP stream using [RFC6525] and MUST NOT send a DATA_CHANNEL_ACK
   message in response to the received message.  Therefore, receiving an
   SCTP stream reset request for a stream on which no DATA_CHANNEL_ACK
   message has been received indicates to the sender of the



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   corresponding DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN message the failure of the data
   channel setup procedure.  After also successfully resetting the
   corresponding outgoing SCTP stream, a new DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN message
   can be sent on the stream.

7.  Security Considerations

   This document does not add any additional considerations to the ones
   given in [I-D.ietf-rtcweb-security] and
   [I-D.ietf-rtcweb-security-arch].

8.  IANA Considerations

   [NOTE to RFC-Editor:

      "RFCXXXX" is to be replaced by the RFC number you assign this
      document.

   ]

   IANA is asked to update the reference of an already existing SCTP
   PPID assignment and to create three new registries for the Data
   Channel Establishment Protocol.

8.1.  SCTP Payload Protocol Identifier

   This document uses one already registered SCTP Payload Protocol
   Identifier (PPID) named "WebRTC Control".  [RFC4960] creates the
   registry "SCTP Payload Protocol Identifiers" from which this
   identifier was assigned.  IANA is requested to update the reference
   of this assignment to point to this document and to update the name.
   Therefore this assignment should be updated to read:

                  +-------------+-----------+-----------+
                  | Value       | SCTP PPID | Reference |
                  +-------------+-----------+-----------+
                  | WebRTC DCEP | 50        | [RFCXXXX] |
                  +-------------+-----------+-----------+

8.2.  New Message Type Registry

   IANA is requested to create a new registration table "Message Type
   Registry" for the Data Channel Establishment Protocol (DCEP) to
   manage the one byte "Message Type" field in DCEP messages (see
   Section 5).






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   The assignment of new message types is done through an RFC required
   action, as defined in [RFC5226].  Documentation of the new message
   type MUST contain the following information:

   1.  A name for the new message type;

   2.  A detailed procedural description of the use of messages with the
       new type within the operation of the Data Channel Establishment
       Protocol.

   Initially the following values need to be registered:

               +-------------------+-----------+-----------+
               | Name              | Type      | Reference |
               +-------------------+-----------+-----------+
               | Reserved          | 0x00      | [RFCXXXX] |
               | Reserved          | 0x01      | [RFCXXXX] |
               | DATA_CHANNEL_ACK  | 0x02      | [RFCXXXX] |
               | DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN | 0x03      | [RFCXXXX] |
               | Unassigned        | 0x04-0xfe |           |
               | Reserved          | 0xff      | [RFCXXXX] |
               +-------------------+-----------+-----------+

   Please note that the values 0x00 and 0x01 are reserved to avoid
   interoperability problems, since they have been used in earlier
   versions of the document.

8.3.  New Channel Type Registry

   IANA is requested to create a new registration table "Channel Type
   Registry" for the Data Channel Establishment Protocol to manage the
   one byte "Channel Type" field in DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN messages (see
   Section 5.1).

   The assignment of new message types is done through an RFC required
   action, as defined in [RFC5226].  Documentation of the new channel
   type MUST contain the following information:

   1.  A name for the new channel type;

   2.  A detailed procedural description of the user message handling
       for data channels using this new channel type.

   Please note that if new channel types support ordered and unordered
   message delivery, the high order bit SHOULD be used to indicated
   whether the message delivery is unordered or not.

   Initially the following values need to be registered:



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   +------------------------------------------------+------+-----------+
   | Name                                           | Type | Reference |
   +------------------------------------------------+------+-----------+
   | DATA_CHANNEL_RELIABLE                          | 0x00 | [RFCXXXX] |
   | DATA_CHANNEL_RELIABLE_UNORDERED                | 0x80 | [RFCXXXX] |
   | DATA_CHANNEL_PARTIAL_RELIABLE_REXMIT           | 0x01 | [RFCXXXX] |
   | DATA_CHANNEL_PARTIAL_RELIABLE_REXMIT_UNORDERED | 0x81 | [RFCXXXX] |
   | DATA_CHANNEL_PARTIAL_RELIABLE_TIMED            | 0x02 | [RFCXXXX] |
   | DATA_CHANNEL_PARTIAL_RELIABLE_TIMED_UNORDERED  | 0x82 | [RFCXXXX] |
   | Reserved                                       | 0x7f | [RFCXXXX] |
   | Reserved                                       | 0xff | [RFCXXXX] |
   | Unassigned                                     | rest |           |
   +------------------------------------------------+------+-----------+

8.4.  New Protocol Registry

   IANA is requested to create a new registration table "Protocol
   Registry" for the Data Channel Establishment Protocol to manage the
   "Protocol" field of type string in DATA_CHANNEL_OPEN messages (see
   Section 5.1).

   The assignment of new message types is done through an First Come
   First Served action, as defined in [RFC5226].  Documentation of the
   new protocol MUST contain the following information:

   1.  A name for the protocol;

   2.  A reference for the protocol indicated by the registered string.

   Initially this registry is empty.

9.  Acknowledgments

   The authors wish to thank Harald Alvestrand, Adam Bergkvist, Barry
   Dingle, Stefan Haekansson, Cullen Jennings, Randall Stewart, Peter
   Thatcher, Martin Thompson, Justin Uberti, and many others for their
   invaluable comments.

10.  References

10.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC4960]  Stewart, R., "Stream Control Transmission Protocol", RFC
              4960, September 2007.




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   [RFC5226]  Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an
              IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226,
              May 2008.

   [RFC6347]  Rescorla, E. and N. Modadugu, "Datagram Transport Layer
              Security Version 1.2", RFC 6347, January 2012.

   [RFC6525]  Stewart, R., Tuexen, M., and P. Lei, "Stream Control
              Transmission Protocol (SCTP) Stream Reconfiguration", RFC
              6525, February 2012.

   [I-D.ietf-tsvwg-sctp-dtls-encaps]
              Tuexen, M., Stewart, R., Jesup, R., and S. Loreto, "DTLS
              Encapsulation of SCTP Packets", draft-ietf-tsvwg-sctp-
              dtls-encaps-03 (work in progress), February 2014.

10.2.  Informational References

   [I-D.ietf-rtcweb-data-channel]
              Jesup, R., Loreto, S., and M. Tuexen, "RTCWeb Data
              Channels", draft-ietf-rtcweb-data-channel-06 (work in
              progress), October 2013.

   [I-D.ietf-rtcweb-security]
              Rescorla, E., "Security Considerations for WebRTC", draft-
              ietf-rtcweb-security-06 (work in progress), January 2014.

   [I-D.ietf-rtcweb-security-arch]
              Rescorla, E., "WebRTC Security Architecture", draft-ietf-
              rtcweb-security-arch-08 (work in progress), January 2014.

Authors' Addresses

   Randell Jesup
   Mozilla
   US

   Email: randell-ietf@jesup.org


   Salvatore Loreto
   Ericsson
   Hirsalantie 11
   Jorvas  02420
   FI

   Email: salvatore.loreto@ericsson.com




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   Michael Tuexen
   Muenster University of Applied Sciences
   Stegerwaldstrasse 39
   Steinfurt  48565
   DE

   Email: tuexen@fh-muenster.de












































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