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Versions: (draft-acee-rtg-yang-key-chain) 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 RFC 8177

Network Working Group                                     A. Lindem, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                             Cisco Systems
Intended status: Standards Track                                   Y. Qu
Expires: October 31, 2017                                         Huawei
                                                                D. Yeung
                                                             Arrcus, Inc
                                                                 I. Chen
                                                                   Jabil
                                                                J. Zhang
                                                        Juniper Networks
                                                          April 29, 2017


                   Routing Key Chain YANG Data Model
                 draft-ietf-rtgwg-yang-key-chain-24.txt

Abstract

   This document describes the key chain YANG data model.  Key chains
   are commonly used for routing protocol authentication and other
   applications requiring symmetric keys.  A key chain is a list of
   elements each containing a key string, send lifetime, accept
   lifetime, and algorithm (authentication or encryption).  By properly
   overlapping the send and accept lifetimes of multiple key chain
   elements, key strings and algorithms may be gracefully updated.  By
   representing them in a YANG data model, key distribution can be
   automated.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on October 31, 2017.







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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
     1.1.  Requirements Notation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.2.  Tree Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Problem Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     2.1.  Applicability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.2.  Graceful Key Rollover using Key Chains  . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  Design of the Key Chain Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     3.1.  Key Chain Operational State . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.2.  Key Chain Model Features  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.3.  Key Chain Model Tree  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   4.  Key Chain YANG Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
   7.  Contributors  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
   8.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     8.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
     8.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
   Appendix A.  Examples . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     A.1.  Simple Key Chain with Always Valid Single Key . . . . . .  19
     A.2.  Key Chain with Keys having Different Lifetimes  . . . . .  20
     A.3.  Key Chain with Independent Send and Accept Lifetimes  . .  22
   Appendix B.  Acknowledgments  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23

1.  Introduction

   This document describes the key chain YANG [YANG-1.1] data model.
   Key chains are commonly used for routing protocol authentication and
   other applications requiring symmetric keys.  A key chain is a list
   of elements each containing a key string, send lifetime, accept
   lifetime, and algorithm (authentication or encryption).  By properly



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   overlapping the send and accept lifetimes of multiple key chain
   elements, key strings and algorithms may be gracefully updated.  By
   representing them in a YANG data model, key distribution can be
   automated.

   In some applications, the protocols do not use the key chain element
   key directly, but rather a key derivation function is used to derive
   a short-lived key from the key chain element key (e.g., the Master
   Keys used in [TCP-AO]).

1.1.  Requirements Notation

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
   [RFC-KEYWORDS].

1.2.  Tree Diagrams

   A simplified graphical representation of the complete data tree is
   presented in Section 3.3.  The following tree notation is used.

   o  Brackets "[" and "]" enclose YANG list keys.  These YANG list keys
      should not be confused with the key-chain keys.

   o  Curly braces "{" and "}" contain names of optional features that
      make the corresponding node conditional.

   o  Abbreviations before data node names: "rw" means configuration
      (read-write), "ro" state data (read-only), "-x" RPC operations,
      and "-n" notifications.

   o  Symbols after data node names: "?" means an optional node, "!" a
      container with presence, and "*" denotes a "list" or "leaf-list".

   o  Parentheses enclose choice and case nodes, and case nodes are also
      marked with a colon (":").

   o  Ellipsis ("...") stands for contents of subtrees that are not
      shown.

2.  Problem Statement

   This document describes a YANG [YANG-1.1] data model for key chains.
   Key chains have been implemented and deployed by a large percentage
   of network equipment vendors.  Providing a standard YANG model will
   facilitate automated key distribution and non-disruptive key




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   rollover.  This will aid in tightening the security of the core
   routing infrastructure as recommended in [IAB-REPORT].

   A key chain is a list containing one or more elements containing a
   Key ID, key string, send/accept lifetimes, and the associated
   authentication or encryption algorithm.  A key chain can be used by
   any service or application requiring authentication or encryption
   using symmetric keys.  In essence, the key-chain is a reusable key
   policy that can be referenced wherever it is required.  The key-chain
   construct has been implemented by most networking vendors and
   deployed in many networks.

   A conceptual representation of a crypto key table is described in
   [CRYPTO-KEYTABLE].  The crypto key table also includes keys as well
   as their corresponding lifetimes and algorithms.  Additionally, the
   key table includes key selection criteria and envisions a deployment
   model where the details of the applications or services requiring
   authentication or encryption permeate into the key database.  The
   YANG key-chain model described herein doesn't include key selection
   criteria or support this deployment model.  At the same time, it does
   not preclude it.  The draft [YANG-CRYPTO-KEYTABLE] describes
   augmentations to the key chain YANG model in support of key selection
   criteria.

2.1.  Applicability

   Other YANG modules may reference ietf-key-chain YANG module key-chain
   names for authentication and encryption applications.  A YANG type
   has been provided to facilitate reference to the key-chain name
   without having to specify the complete YANG XML Path Language (XPath)
   selector.

2.2.  Graceful Key Rollover using Key Chains

   Key chains may be used to gracefully update the key string and/or
   algorithm used by an application for authentication or encryption.
   To achieve graceful key rollover, the receiver MAY accept all the
   keys that have a valid accept lifetime and the sender MAY send the
   key with the most recent send lifetime.  One scenario for
   facilitating key rollover is to:

   1.  Distribute a key chain with a new key to all the routers or other
       network devices in the domain of that key chain.  The new key's
       accept lifetime should be such that it is accepted during the key
       rollover period.  The send lifetime should be a time in the
       future when it can be assured that all the routers in the domain
       of that key are upgraded.  This will have no immediate impact on
       the keys used for transmission.



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   2.  Assure that all the network devices have been updated with the
       updated key chain and that their system times are roughly
       synchronized.  The system times of devices within an
       administrative domain are commonly synchronized (e.g., using
       Network Time Protocol (NTP) [NTP-PROTO]).  This also may be
       automated.

   3.  When the send lifetime of the new key becomes valid, the network
       devices within the domain of key chain will using the new key for
       transmissions.

   4.  At some point in the future, a new key chain with the old key
       removed may be distributed to the network devices within the
       domain of the key chain.  However, this may be deferred until the
       next key rollover.  If this is done, the key chain will always
       include two keys; either the current and future key (during key
       rollovers) or the current and previous keys (between key
       rollovers).

   Since the most recent send lifetime is defined as the one with the
   latest start-time, specification of "always" will prevent using the
   graceful key rollover technique described above.  Other key
   configuration and usage scenarios are possible but these are beyond
   the scope of this document.

3.  Design of the Key Chain Model

   The ietf-key-chain module contains a list of one or more keys indexed
   by a Key ID.  For some applications (e.g., OSPFv3 [OSPFV3-AUTH]), the
   Key ID is used to identify the key chain key to be used.  In addition
   to the Key ID, each key chain key includes a key-string and a
   cryptographic algorithm.  Optionally, the key chain keys include
   send/accept lifetimes.  If the send/accept lifetime is unspecified,
   the key is always considered valid.

   Note that different key values for transmission versus acceptance may
   be supported with multiple key chain elements.  The key used for
   transmission will have a valid send-lifetime and invalid accept-
   lifetime (e.g., has an end-time equal to the start-time).  The key
   used for acceptance will have a valid accept-lifetime and invalid
   send-lifetime.

   Due to the differences in key chain implementations across various
   vendors, some of the data elements are optional.  Finally, the crypto
   algorithm identities are provided for reuse when configuring legacy
   authentication and encryption not using key-chains.





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   A key-chain is identified by a unique name within the scope of the
   network device.  The "key-chain-ref" typedef SHOULD be used by other
   YANG modules when they need to reference a configured key-chain.

3.1.  Key Chain Operational State

   The key chain operational state is included in the same tree as key
   chain configuration consistent with Network Management Datastore
   Architecture [NMDA].  The timestamp of the last key chain
   modification is also maintained in the operational state.
   Additionally, the operational state includes an indication of whether
   or not a key chain key is valid for sending or acceptance.

3.2.  Key Chain Model Features

   Features are used to handle differences between vendor
   implementations.  For example, not all vendors support configuration
   of an acceptance tolerance or configuration of key strings in
   hexadecimal.  They are also used to support of security requirements
   (e.g., TCP-AO Algorithms [TCP-AO-ALGORITHMS]) not yet implemented by
   vendors or only a single vendor.

   It is common for an entity with sufficient permissions to read and
   store a device's configuration which would include the contents of
   this model.  To avoid unnecessarily seeing and storing the keys in
   clear-text, this model provides the aes-key-wrap feature.  More
   details are described in Security Considerations Section 5.

3.3.  Key Chain Model Tree

   +--rw key-chains
      +--rw key-chain* [name]
      |  +--rw name                       string
      |  +--rw description?               string
      |  +--rw accept-tolerance {accept-tolerance}?
      |  |  +--rw duration?   uint32
      |  +--ro last-modified-timestamp?   yang:date-and-time
      |  +--rw key* [key-id]
      |     +--rw key-id                    uint64
      |     +--rw lifetime
      |     |  +--rw (lifetime)?
      |     |     +--:(send-and-accept-lifetime)
      |     |     |  +--rw send-accept-lifetime
      |     |     |     +--rw (lifetime)?
      |     |     |        +--:(always)
      |     |     |        |  +--rw always?            empty
      |     |     |        +--:(start-end-time)
      |     |     |           +--rw start-date-time?



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      |     |     |           |       yang:date-and-time
      |     |     |           +--rw (end-time)?
      |     |     |              +--:(infinite)
      |     |     |              |  +--rw no-end-time?       empty
      |     |     |              +--:(duration)
      |     |     |              |  +--rw duration?          uint32
      |     |     |              +--:(end-date-time)
      |     |     |                 +--rw end-date-time?
      |     |     |                         yang:date-and-time
      |     |     +--:(independent-send-accept-lifetime)
      |     |        |   {independent-send-accept-lifetime}?
      |     |        +--rw send-lifetime
      |     |        |  +--rw (lifetime)?
      |     |        |     +--:(always)
      |     |        |     |  +--rw always?            empty
      |     |        |     +--:(start-end-time)
      |     |        |        +--rw start-date-time?
      |     |        |        |       yang:date-and-time
      |     |        |        +--rw (end-time)?
      |     |        |           +--:(infinite)
      |     |        |           |  +--rw no-end-time?       empty
      |     |        |           +--:(duration)
      |     |        |           |  +--rw duration?          uint32
      |     |        |           +--:(end-date-time)
      |     |        |              +--rw end-date-time?
      |     |        |                      yang:date-and-time
      |     |        +--rw accept-lifetime
      |     |           +--rw (lifetime)?
      |     |              +--:(always)
      |     |              |  +--rw always?            empty
      |     |              +--:(start-end-time)
      |     |                 +--rw start-date-time?
      |     |                 |       yang:date-and-time
      |     |                 +--rw (end-time)?
      |     |                    +--:(infinite)
      |     |                    |  +--rw no-end-time?       empty
      |     |                    +--:(duration)
      |     |                    |  +--rw duration?          uint32
      |     |                    +--:(end-date-time)
      |     |                       +--rw end-date-time?
      |     |                               yang:date-and-time
      |     +--rw crypto-algorithm identityref
      |     +--rw key-string
      |     |  +--rw (key-string-style)?
      |     |     +--:(keystring)
      |     |     |  +--rw keystring?            string
      |     |     +--:(hexadecimal) {hex-key-string}?
      |     |        +--rw hexadecimal-string?   yang:hex-string



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      |     +--ro send-lifetime-active?     boolean
      |     +--ro accept-lifetime-active?   boolean
      +--rw aes-key-wrap {aes-key-wrap}?
         +--rw enable?   boolean


4.  Key Chain YANG Model

   <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-key-chain@2017-04-18.yang"
   module ietf-key-chain {
     yang-version 1.1;
     namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-key-chain";
     prefix key-chain;

     import ietf-yang-types {
       prefix yang;
     }
     import ietf-netconf-acm {
       prefix nacm;
     }

     organization
       "IETF RTG (Routing) Working Group";
     contact
       "Acee Lindem - acee@cisco.com";
     description
       "This YANG module defines the generic configuration
        data for key-chain. It is intended that the module
        will be extended by vendors to define vendor-specific
        key-chain configuration parameters.

        Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
        authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

        Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
        without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject
        to the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License
        set forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
        Relating to IETF Documents
        (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).
        This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX; see
        the RFC itself for full legal notices.";

     revision 2017-04-18 {
       description
         "Initial RFC Revision";
       reference "RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for key-chain";
     }



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     feature hex-key-string {
       description
         "Support hexadecimal key string.";
     }

     feature accept-tolerance {
       description
         "Support the tolerance or acceptance limit.";
     }

     feature independent-send-accept-lifetime {
       description
         "Support for independent send and accept key lifetimes.";
     }

     feature crypto-hmac-sha-1-12 {
       description
         "Support for TCP HMAC-SHA-1 12 byte digest hack.";
     }

     feature clear-text {
       description
         "Support for clear-text algorithm. Usage is
          NOT RECOMMENDED.";
     }

     feature aes-cmac-prf-128 {
       description
         "Support for AES Cipher based Message Authentication
          Code Pseudo Random Function.";
     }

     feature aes-key-wrap {
       description
         "Support for Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Key Wrap.";
     }

     feature replay-protection-only {
       description
         "Provide replay-protection without any authentication
          as required by protocols such as Bidirectional
          Forwarding Detection (BFD).";
     }
     identity crypto-algorithm {
       description
         "Base identity of cryptographic algorithm options.";
     }




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     identity hmac-sha-1-12 {
       base crypto-algorithm;
       if-feature "crypto-hmac-sha-1-12";
       description
         "The HMAC-SHA1-12 algorithm.";
     }

     identity aes-cmac-prf-128 {
       base crypto-algorithm;
       if-feature "aes-cmac-prf-128";
       description
         "The AES-CMAC-PRF-128 algorithm - required by
          RFC 5926 for TCP-AO key derivation functions.";
     }

     identity md5 {
       base crypto-algorithm;
       description
         "The MD5 algorithm.";
     }

     identity sha-1 {
       base crypto-algorithm;
       description
         "The SHA-1 algorithm.";
     }

     identity hmac-sha-1 {
       base crypto-algorithm;
       description
         "HMAC-SHA-1 authentication algorithm.";
     }

     identity hmac-sha-256 {
       base crypto-algorithm;
       description
         "HMAC-SHA-256 authentication algorithm.";
     }

     identity hmac-sha-384 {
       base crypto-algorithm;
       description
         "HMAC-SHA-384 authentication algorithm.";
     }

     identity hmac-sha-512 {
       base crypto-algorithm;
       description



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         "HMAC-SHA-512 authentication algorithm.";
     }

     identity clear-text {
       base crypto-algorithm;
       if-feature "clear-text";
       description
         "Clear text.";
     }

     identity replay-protection-only {
       base crypto-algorithm;
       if-feature "replay-protection-only";
       description
         "Provide replay-protection without any authentication as
          required by protocols such as Bidirectional Forwarding
          Detection (BFD).";
     }

     typedef key-chain-ref {
       type leafref {
         path
         "/key-chain:key-chains/key-chain:key-chain/key-chain:name";
       }
       description
         "This type is used by data models that need to reference
          configured key-chains.";
     }

     grouping lifetime {
       description
         "Key lifetime specification.";
       choice lifetime {
         default "always";
         description
           "Options for specifying key accept or send lifetimes";
         case always {
           leaf always {
             type empty;
             description
               "Indicates key lifetime is always valid.";
           }
         }
         case start-end-time {
           leaf start-date-time {
             type yang:date-and-time;
             description
               "Start time.";



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           }
           choice end-time {
             default "infinite";
             description
               "End-time setting.";
             case infinite {
               leaf no-end-time {
                 type empty;
                 description
                   "Indicates key lifetime end-time is infinite.";
               }
             }
             case duration {
               leaf duration {
                 type uint32 {
                   range "1..2147483646";
                 }
                 units "seconds";
                 description
                   "Key lifetime duration, in seconds";
               }
             }
             case end-date-time {
               leaf end-date-time {
                 type yang:date-and-time;
                 description
                   "End time.";
               }
             }
           }
         }
       }
     }
     grouping key-common {
       description
         "Key-chain key data nodes common to
          configuration and state.";
     }

     container key-chains {
       description
         "All configured key-chains on the device.";
       list key-chain {
         key "name";
         description
           "List of key-chains.";
         leaf name {
           type string;



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           description
             "Name of the key-chain.";
         }
         leaf description {
           type string;
           description
             "A description of the key-chain";
         }
         container accept-tolerance {
           if-feature "accept-tolerance";
           description
             "Tolerance for key lifetime acceptance (seconds).";
           leaf duration {
             type uint32;
             units "seconds";
             default "0";
             description
               "Tolerance range, in seconds.";
           }
         }
         leaf last-modified-timestamp {
           type yang:date-and-time;
           config false;
           description
             "Timestamp of the most recent update to the key-chain";
         }
         list key {
           key "key-id";
           description
             "Single key in key chain.";
           leaf key-id {
             type uint64;
             description
               "Numeric value uniquely identifying the key";
           }
           container lifetime {
             description
               "Specify a key's lifetime.";
             choice lifetime {
               description
                 "Options for specification of send and accept
                  lifetimes.";
               case send-and-accept-lifetime {
                 description
                   "Send and accept key have the same lifetime.";
                 container send-accept-lifetime {
                   description
                     "Single lifetime specification for both



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                      send and accept lifetimes.";
                   uses lifetime;
                 }
               }
               case independent-send-accept-lifetime {
                 if-feature "independent-send-accept-lifetime";
                 description
                   "Independent send and accept key lifetimes.";
                 container send-lifetime {
                   description
                     "Separate lifetime specification for send
                      lifetime.";
                   uses lifetime;
                 }
                 container accept-lifetime {
                   description
                     "Separate lifetime specification for accept
                      lifetime.";
                   uses lifetime;
                 }
               }
             }
           }
           leaf crypto-algorithm {
             type identityref {
               base crypto-algorithm;
             }
             mandatory true;
             description
               "Cryptographic algorithm associated with key.";
           }
           container key-string {
             description
               "The key string.";
             nacm:default-deny-all;
             choice key-string-style {
               description
                 "Key string styles";
                case keystring {
                  leaf keystring {
                   type string;
                   description
                     "Key string in ASCII format.";
                 }
               }
               case hexadecimal {
                 if-feature "hex-key-string";
                 leaf hexadecimal-string {



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                   type yang:hex-string;
                   description
                     "Key in hexadecimal string format. When compared
                      to ASCII, specification in hexadecimal affords
                      greater key entropy with the same number of
                      internal key-string octets. Additionally, it
                      discourages usage of well-known words or
                      numbers.";
                 }
               }
             }
           }
           leaf send-lifetime-active {
             type boolean;
             config false;
             description
               "Indicates if the send lifetime of the
                key-chain key is currently active.";
              }
           leaf accept-lifetime-active {
             type boolean;
             config false;
             description
               "Indicates if the accept lifetime of the
                key-chain key is currently active.";
           }
         }
       }
       container aes-key-wrap {
         if-feature "aes-key-wrap";
         description
           "AES Key Wrap encryption for key-chain key-strings. The
            encrypted key-strings are encoded as hexadecimal key
            strings using the hex-key-string leaf.";
         leaf enable {
           type boolean;
           default "false";
           description
             "Enable AES Key Wrap encryption.";
         }
       }
     }
   }
   <CODE ENDS>







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5.  Security Considerations

   The YANG module defined in this document is designed to be accessed
   via network management protocols such as NETCONF [NETCONF] or
   RESTCONF [RESTCONF].  The lowest NETCONF layer is the secure
   transport layer, and the mandatory-to-implement secure transport is
   Secure Shell (SSH) [NETCONF-SSH].  The lowest RESTCONF layer is
   HTTPS, and the mandatory-to-implement secure transport is TLS [TLS].

   The NETCONF access control model [NETCONF-ACM] provides the means to
   restrict access for particular NETCONF or RESTCONF users to a pre-
   configured subset of all available NETCONF or RESTCONF protocol
   operations and content.  The key strings are not accessible by
   default and NETCONF Access Control Mode [NETCONF-ACM] rules are
   required to configure or retrieve them.

   When configured, the key-strings can be encrypted using the AES Key
   Wrap algorithm [AES-KEY-WRAP].  The AES key-encryption key (KEK) is
   not included in the YANG model and must be set or derived independent
   of key-chain configuration.  When AES key-encryption is used, the
   hex-key-string feature is also required since the encrypted keys will
   contain characters that are not representable in the YANG string
   built-in type [YANG-1.1].  It is RECOMMENDED that key-strings be
   encrypted using AES key-encryption to prevent key-chains from being
   retrieved and stored with the key-strings in clear text.  This
   recommendation is independent of the access protection that is
   availed from the NETCONF Access Control Model (NACM) [NETCONF-ACM].

   The clear-text algorithm is included as a YANG feature.  Usage is NOT
   RECOMMENDED except in cases where the application and device have no
   other alternative (e.g., a legacy network device that must
   authenticate packets at intervals of 10 milliseconds or less for many
   peers using Bidirectional Forwarding Detection [BFD]).  Keys used
   with the clear-text algorithm are considered insecure and SHOULD NOT
   be reused with more secure algorithms.

   Similarly, the MD5 and SHA-1 algorithms have been proven to be
   insecure ([Dobb96a], [Dobb96b], and [SHA-SEC-CON]) and usage is NOT
   RECOMMENDED.  Usage should be confined to deployments where it is
   required for backward compatibility.

   Implementations with keys provided via this model should store them
   using best current security practices.








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6.  IANA Considerations

   This document registers a URI in the IETF XML registry
   [XML-REGISTRY].  Following the format in [XML-REGISTRY], the
   following registration is requested to be made:

      URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-key-chain
      Registrant Contact: The IESG.
      XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace.

   This document registers a YANG module in the YANG Module Names
   registry [YANG-1.0].

      name: ietf-key-chain
      namespace: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-key-chain
      prefix: key-chain
      reference: RFC XXXX

7.  Contributors

   Contributors' Addresses

      Yi Yang
      SockRate

      Email: yi.yang@sockrate.com

8.  References

8.1.  Normative References

   [NETCONF]  Enns, R., Bjorklund, M., Schoenwaelder, J., and A.
              Bierman, "Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)", RFC
              6241, June 2011.

   [NETCONF-ACM]
              Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "Network Configuration
              Protocol (NETCONF) Access Control Model", RFC 6536, March
              2012.

   [RFC-KEYWORDS]
              Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFC's to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [XML-REGISTRY]
              Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
              January 2004.




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   [YANG-1.0]
              Bjorklund, M., "YANG - A Data Modeling Language for
              Network Configuration Protocol (NETCONF)", RFC 6020,
              October 2010.

   [YANG-1.1]
              Bjorklund, M., "The YANG 1.1 Data Modeling Language", RFC
              7950, August 2016.

8.2.  Informative References

   [AES-KEY-WRAP]
              Schaad, J. and R. Housley, "Advanced Encryption Standard
              (AES) Key Wrap Algorithm", RFC 5649, August 2009.

   [BFD]      Katz, D. and D. Ward, "Bidirectional Forwarding Detection
              (BFD)", RFC 5880, June 2010.

   [CRYPTO-KEYTABLE]
              Housley, R., Polk, T., Hartman, S., and D. Zhang,
              "Table of Cryptographic Keys", RFC 7210, April 2014.

   [Dobb96a]  Dobbertin, H., "Cryptanalysis of MD5 Compress", Technical
              Report (Presented at the RUMP Session of EuroCrypt 1996),
              2 May 1996.

   [Dobb96b]  Dobbertin, H., "The Status of MD5 After a Recent Attack",
              CryptoBytes Vol. 2, No. 2, Summer 1996.

   [IAB-REPORT]
              Andersson, L., Davies, E., and L. Zhang, "Report from the
              IAB workshop on Unwanted Traffic March 9-10, 2006", RFC
              4948, August 2007.

   [NETCONF-SSH]
              Wasserman, M., "NETCONF over SSH", RFC 6242, June 2011.

   [NMDA]     Bjorklund, M., Schoenwaelder, J., Shafer, P., Watson, K.,
              and R. Wilton, "Network Management Datastore
              Architecture", draft-ietf-netmod-revised-datastores-01.txt
              (work in progress), March 2017.

   [NTP-PROTO]
              Mills, D., Martin, J., Burbank, J., and W. Kasch, "Network
              Time Protocol Version 4: Protocol and Algorithms
              Specification", RFC 5905, June 2010.





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   [OSPFV3-AUTH]
              Bhatia, M., Manral, V., and A. Lindem, "Supporting
              Authentication Trailer for OSPFv3", RFC 7166, March 2014.

   [RESTCONF]
              Bierman, A., Bjorklund, M., and K. Watsen, "RESTCONF
              Protocol", RFC 8040, January 2017.

   [SHA-SEC-CON]
              Polk, T., Chen, L., Turner, S., and P. Hoffman, "Security
              Considerations for the SHA-0 and SHA-1 Message-Digest
              Algorithms", RFC 6194, February 2011.

   [TCP-AO]   Touch, J., Mankin, A., and R. Bonica, "The TCP
              Authentication Option", RFC 5925, June 2010.

   [TCP-AO-ALGORITHMS]
              Lebovitz, G. and E. Rescorla, "Cryptographic Algorithms
              for the TCP Authentication Option (TCP-AO)", RFC 5926,
              June 2010.

   [TLS]      Dierks, T. and E. Rescorla, "The Transport Layer Security
              (TLS) Protocol", RFC 5246, August 2008.

   [YANG-CRYPTO-KEYTABLE]
              Chen, I., "YANG Data Model for RFC 7210 Key Table", draft-
              chen-rtg-key-table-yang-00.txt (work in progress),
              November 2015.

Appendix A.  Examples

A.1.  Simple Key Chain with Always Valid Single Key



















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   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
   <data xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:netconf:base:1.0">
     <key-chains xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-key-chain">
       <key-chain>
         <name>keychain-no-end-time</name>
         <description>
           A key chain with a single key that is always valid for
           transmission and reception.
         </description>
         <key>
           <key-id>100</key-id>
           <lifetime>
             <send-accept-lifetime>
               <always/>
             </send-accept-lifetime>
           </lifetime>
           <crypto-algorithm>hmac-sha-256</crypto-algorithm>
           <key-string>
             <keystring>keystring_in_ascii_100</keystring>
           </key-string>
         </key>
       </key-chain>
     </key-chains>
   </data>

A.2.  Key Chain with Keys having Different Lifetimes

























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   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
   <data xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:netconf:base:1.0">
     <key-chains xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-key-chain">
       <key-chain>
         <name>keychain2</name>
         <description>
           A key chain where each key contains different send time
           and accept time and a different algorithm illustrating
           algorithm agility.
         </description>
         <key>
           <key-id>35</key-id>
           <lifetime>
             <send-lifetime>
               <start-date-time>2017-01-01T00:00:00Z</start-date-time>
               <end-date-time>2017-02-01T00:00:00Z</end-date-time>
             </send-lifetime>
             <accept-lifetime>
               <start-date-time>2016-12-31T23:59:55Z</start-date-time>
               <end-date-time>2017-02-01T00:00:05Z</end-date-time>
             </accept-lifetime>
           </lifetime>
           <crypto-algorithm>hmac-sha-256</crypto-algorithm>
           <key-string>
             <keystring>keystring_in_ascii_35</keystring>
           </key-string>
         </key>
         <key>
           <key-id>36</key-id>
           <lifetime>
             <send-lifetime>
               <start-date-time>2017-02-01T00:00:00Z</start-date-time>
               <end-date-time>2017-03-01T00:00:00Z</end-date-time>
             </send-lifetime>
             <accept-lifetime>
               <start-date-time>2017-01-31T23:59:55Z</start-date-time>
               <end-date-time>2017-03-01T00:00:05Z</end-date-time>
             </accept-lifetime>
           </lifetime>
           <crypto-algorithm>hmac-sha-512</crypto-algorithm>
           <key-string>
             <hexadecimal-string>fe:ed:be:af:36</hexadecimal-string>
           </key-string>
         </key>
       </key-chain>
     </key-chains>
   </data>




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A.3.  Key Chain with Independent Send and Accept Lifetimes

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
   <data xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:netconf:base:1.0">
     <key-chains xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-key-chain">
       <key-chain>
         <name>keychain2</name>
         <description>
           A key chain where each key contains different send time
           and accept times.
         </description>
         <key>
           <key-id>35</key-id>
           <lifetime>
             <send-lifetime>
               <start-date-time>2017-01-01T00:00:00Z</start-date-time>
               <end-date-time>2017-02-01T00:00:00Z</end-date-time>
             </send-lifetime>
             <accept-lifetime>
               <start-date-time>2016-12-31T23:59:55Z</start-date-time>
               <end-date-time>2017-02-01T00:00:05Z</end-date-time>
             </accept-lifetime>
           </lifetime>
           <crypto-algorithm>hmac-sha-256</crypto-algorithm>
           <key-string>
             <keystring>keystring_in_ascii_35</keystring>
           </key-string>
         </key>
         <key>
           <key-id>36</key-id>
           <lifetime>
             <send-lifetime>
               <start-date-time>2017-02-01T00:00:00Z</start-date-time>
               <end-date-time>2017-03-01T00:00:00Z</end-date-time>
             </send-lifetime>
             <accept-lifetime>
               <start-date-time>2017-01-31T23:59:55Z</start-date-time>
               <end-date-time>2017-03-01T00:00:05Z</end-date-time>
             </accept-lifetime>
           </lifetime>
           <crypto-algorithm>hmac-sha-256</crypto-algorithm>
           <key-string>
             <hexadecimal-string>fe:ed:be:af:36</hexadecimal-string>
           </key-string>
         </key>
       </key-chain>
     </key-chains>
   </data>



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Appendix B.  Acknowledgments

   The RFC text was produced using Marshall Rose's xml2rfc tool.

   Thanks to Brian Weis for fruitful discussions on security
   requirements.

   Thanks to Ines Robles for Routing Directorate QA review comments.

   Thanks to Ladislav Lhotka for YANG Doctor comments.

   Thanks to Martin Bjorklund for additional YANG Doctor comments.

   Thanks to Tom Petch for comments during IETF last call.

   Thanks to Matthew Miller for comments made during the Gen-ART review.

   Thanks to Vincent Roca for comments made during the Security
   Directorate review.

   Thanks to Warren Kumari, Ben Campbell, Adam Roach, and Benoit Claise
   for comments received during the IESG review.

Authors' Addresses

   Acee Lindem (editor)
   Cisco Systems
   301 Midenhall Way
   Cary, NC  27513
   USA

   Email: acee@cisco.com


   Yingzhen Qu
   Huawei

   Email: yingzhen.qu@huawei.com


   Derek Yeung
   Arrcus, Inc

   Email: derek@arrcus.com







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   Ing-Wher Chen
   Jabil

   Email: ing-wher_chen@jabil.com


   Jeffrey Zhang
   Juniper Networks
   10 Technology Park Drive
   Westford, MA  01886
   USA

   Email: zzhang@juniper.net






































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