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Versions: (draft-liu-rtgwg-yang-rip) 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 Draft is active
In: MissingRef
Network Working Group                                             X. Liu
Internet-Draft                                                     Jabil
Intended status: Standards Track                                P. Sarda
Expires: July 14, 2018                                          Ericsson
                                                            V. Choudhary
                                                              Individual
                                                        January 10, 2018


        A YANG Data Model for Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
                      draft-ietf-rtgwg-yang-rip-08

Abstract

   This document describes a data model for the management of the
   Routing Information Protocol (RIP).  Both RIP version 2 and RIPng are
   covered.  The data model includes definitions for configuration,
   operational state, and Remote Procedure Calls (RPCs).

   The YANG model in this document conforms to the Network Management
   Datastore Architecture (NMDA).

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on July 14, 2018.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents



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   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
     1.1.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
     1.2.  Tree Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.3.  Prefixes in Data Node Names . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Design of the Data Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     2.1.  Scope of the Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     2.2.  Relation with Core Routing Framework  . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.3.  Protocol Configuration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.4.  Protocol States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     2.5.  RPC Operations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     2.6.  Notifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     2.7.  Optional Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   3.  Tree Structure  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   4.  YANG Module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   5.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  34
   6.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  34
   7.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  35
     7.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  35
     7.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  37
   Appendix A.  Data Tree Example  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  39
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  43

1.  Introduction

   This document introduces a YANG [RFC7950] data model for the Routing
   Information Protocol (RIP) [RFC2453][RFC2080].  RIP was designed to
   work as an Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) in moderate-size
   Autonomous Systems (AS).

   This YANG model supports both RIP version 2 and RIPng.  RIP version 2
   (defined in [RFC2453]) supports IPv4.  RIPng (defined in [RFC2080])
   supports IPv6.

1.1.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].





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   The following terms are defined in [RFC7950] and are not redefined
   here:

   o  augment

   o  data model

   o  data node

1.2.  Tree Diagrams

   A simplified graphical representation of the data model is used in
   this document.  The meaning of the symbols in these diagrams is
   defined in [I-D.ietf-netmod-yang-tree-diagrams].

1.3.  Prefixes in Data Node Names

   In this document, names of data nodes, actions, and other data model
   objects are often used without a prefix, as long as it is clear from
   the context in which YANG module each name is defined.  Otherwise,
   names are prefixed using the standard prefix associated with the
   corresponding YANG module, as shown in Table 1.

      +-----------+-----------------+-------------------------------+
      | Prefix    | YANG module     | Reference                     |
      +-----------+-----------------+-------------------------------+
      | yang      | ietf-yang-types | [RFC6991]                     |
      | inet      | ietf-inet-types | [RFC6991]                     |
      | if        | ietf-interfaces | [I-D.ietf-netmod-rfc7223bis]  |
      | ip        | ietf-ip         | [I-D.ietf-netmod-rfc7277bis]  |
      | rt        | ietf-routing    | [I-D.ietf-netmod-rfc8022bis]  |
      | bfd-types | ietf-bfd-types  | [I-D.ietf-bfd-yang]           |
      | isis      | ietf-isis       | [I-D.ietf-isis-yang-isis-cfg] |
      | key-chain | ietf-key-chain  | [RFC8177]                     |
      | ospf      | ietf-ospf       | [I-D.ietf-ospf-yang]          |
      +-----------+-----------------+-------------------------------+

             Table 1: Prefixes and Corresponding YANG Modules

2.  Design of the Data Model

2.1.  Scope of the Model

   The model covers RIP version 2 [RFC2453] and RIPng [RFC2080]
   protocols.  The model is designed to be implemented on a device where
   RIP version 2 or RIPng is implemented, and can be used to:

   o  Configure the RIP version 2 or RIPng protocol.



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   o  Manage the protocol operational behaviors.

   o  Retrieve the protocol operational status.

   The capabilities describe in [RFC1724] are covered.

2.2.  Relation with Core Routing Framework

   This model augments the core routing data model "ietf-routing"
   specified in [I-D.ietf-netmod-rfc8022bis].


      +--rw routing
         +--rw router-id?
         +--rw control-plane-protocols
         |  +--rw control-plane-protocol* [type name]
         |     +--rw type
         |     +--rw name
         |     +--rw rip     <= Augmented by this Model
                     ...


   The "rip" container instantiates a RIP protocol entity that supports
   RIP version 2 or RIPng.  Depending on the implementation of "ietf-
   routing", a RIP instance MAY belong to a logical router or network
   instance.

2.3.  Protocol Configuration

   The model structure for the protocol configuration is as shown below:


   augment /rt:routing/rt:control-plane-protocols/
   rt:control-plane-protocol:
      +--rw rip
         +--rw <per instance configuration>
         +--rw interface* [interface]
            +--rw interface                  if:interface-ref
            +--rw <per interface configuration>
            +--rw neighbors {explicit-neighbors}?
            |  +--rw neighbor* [address]
            |     +--rw address    inet:ip-address
            |     +--rw <per neighbor configuration>


   The model allows to configure the following protocol entities:

   o  Protocol instance (RIP version 2 or RIPng)



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   o  Interface

   o  Neighbor

2.4.  Protocol States

   The model structure for the protocol states is as shown below:


   augment /rt:routing/rt:control-plane-protocols/
   rt:control-plane-protocol:
      +--rw rip
         +--ro <per instance operational states>
         +--rw interface* [interface]
         |  +--rw interface                  if:interface-ref
         |  +--ro <per instance operational states>
         |  +--ro statistics {interface-statistics}?
         |     +--ro <per instance statistics>
         +--ro ipv4
         |  +--ro neighbors
         |  |  +--ro neighbor* [ipv4-address]
         |  |     +--ro <per neighbor IPv4 operational states>
         |  +--ro routes
         |     +--ro route* [ipv4-prefix]
         |        +--ro <IPv4 RIP route states>
         +--ro ipv6
         |  +--ro neighbors
         |  |  +--ro neighbor* [ipv6-address]
         |  |     +--ro <per neighbor IPv6 operational states>
         |  +--ro routes
         |     +--ro route* [ipv6-prefix]
         |        +--ro ipv6-prefix                     inet:ipv6-prefix
         |        +--ro <IPv4 RIP route states>
         +--ro statistics {global-statistics}?
            +--ro <per instance statistics>


   This model conforms to the Network Management Datastore Architecture
   (NMDA) [I-D.ietf-netmod-revised-datastores].  The operational state
   data is combined with the associated configuration data in the same
   hierarchy [I-D.ietf-netmod-rfc6087bis].  When protocol states are
   retrieved from the NMDA operational state datastore, the returned
   states cover all "config true" (rw) and "config false" (ro) nodes
   defined in the schema.

   The model allows to retrieve protocol states at the following levels:

   o  Protocol instance (RIP version 2 or RIPng)



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   o  Interface

   o  Neighbor

   o  Route

2.5.  RPC Operations

   This model defines one RPC "clear-rip-route" that can be used to
   clear RIP routes from the routing table.

2.6.  Notifications

   This model does not define RIP specific notifications.  To enable
   notifications, the mechanism defined in
   [I-D.ietf-netconf-subscribed-notifications] and
   [I-D.ietf-netconf-yang-push] can be used.  This mechanism currently
   allows the user to:

   o  Subscribe notifications on a per client basis.

   o  Specify subtree filters or xpath filters so that only interested
      contents will be sent.

   o  Specify either periodic or on-demand notifications.

2.7.  Optional Features

   This model defines several features are beyond the basic RIP
   configuration and it is the responsibility of each vendor to decide
   whether to support a given feature on a device.

3.  Tree Structure

   This document defines the YANG module "ietf-rip", which has the
   following tree structure:

   module: ietf-rip
     augment /rt:routing/rt:control-plane-protocols
   /rt:control-plane-protocol:
       +--rw rip
          +--rw originate-default-route
          |  +--rw enabled?        boolean
          |  +--rw route-policy?   route-policy-ref
          +--rw default-metric?               uint8
          +--rw distance?                     uint8
          +--rw triggered-update-threshold?   uint8
          +--rw maximum-paths?                uint8



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          +--rw output-delay?                 uint8
          +--rw distribute-list* [prefix-set-name direction]
          |  +--rw prefix-set-name    prefix-set-ref
          |  +--rw direction          enumeration
          |  +--rw if-name?           if:interface-ref
          +--rw redistribute
          |  +--rw bgp* [asn]
          |  |  +--rw asn             inet:as-number
          |  |  +--rw metric?         uint8
          |  |  +--rw route-policy?   route-policy-ref
          |  +--rw cg-nat!
          |  |  +--rw metric?         uint8
          |  |  +--rw route-policy?   route-policy-ref
          |  +--rw connected!
          |  |  +--rw metric?         uint8
          |  |  +--rw route-policy?   route-policy-ref
          |  +--rw ipsec!
          |  |  +--rw metric?         uint8
          |  |  +--rw route-policy?   route-policy-ref
          |  +--rw isis* [instance]
          |  |  +--rw instance
          |  |  |       -> ../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol/name
          |  |  +--rw level?          enumeration
          |  |  +--rw metric?         uint8
          |  |  +--rw route-policy?   route-policy-ref
          |  +--rw nat!
          |  |  +--rw metric?         uint8
          |  |  +--rw route-policy?   route-policy-ref
          |  +--rw ospfv2* [instance]
          |  |  +--rw instance
          |  |  |       -> ../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol/name
          |  |  +--rw route-type?     ospf:route-type
          |  |  +--rw metric?         uint8
          |  |  +--rw route-policy?   route-policy-ref
          |  +--rw ospfv3* [instance]
          |  |  +--rw instance
          |  |  |       -> ../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol/name
          |  |  +--rw route-type?     ospf:route-type
          |  |  +--rw metric?         uint8
          |  |  +--rw route-policy?   route-policy-ref
          |  +--rw ripv2* [instance]
          |  |  +--rw instance
          |  |  |       -> ../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol/name
          |  |  +--rw metric?         uint8
          |  |  +--rw route-policy?   route-policy-ref
          |  +--rw ripng* [instance]
          |  |  +--rw instance
          |  |  |       -> ../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol/name



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          |  |  +--rw metric?         uint8
          |  |  +--rw route-policy?   route-policy-ref
          |  +--rw static!
          |     +--rw metric?         uint8
          |     +--rw route-policy?   route-policy-ref
          +--rw timers
          |  +--rw update-interval?     uint16
          |  +--rw invalid-interval?    uint16
          |  +--rw holddown-interval?   uint16
          |  +--rw flush-interval?      uint16
          +--rw interfaces
          |  +--rw interface* [interface]
          |     +--rw interface                  if:interface-ref
          |     +--rw authentication
          |     |  +--rw (auth-type-selection)?
          |     |     +--:(auth-key-chain)
          |     |     |  +--rw key-chain?
    key-chain:key-chain-ref
          |     |     +--:(auth-key)
          |     |        +--rw key?                string
          |     |        +--rw crypto-algorithm?   identityref
          |     +--rw bfd {bfd}?
          |     |  +--rw enable?                     boolean
          |     |  +--rw local-multiplier?           multiplier
          |     |  +--rw (interval-config-type)?
          |     |     +--:(tx-rx-intervals)
          |     |     |  +--rw desired-min-tx-interval?    uint32
          |     |     |  +--rw required-min-rx-interval?   uint32
          |     |     +--:(single-interval)
          |     |        +--rw min-interval?               uint32
          |     +--rw cost?                      uint8
          |     +--rw neighbors {explicit-neighbors}?
          |     |  +--rw neighbor* [address]
          |     |     +--rw address    inet:ip-address
          |     +--rw no-listen?                 empty
          |     +--rw originate-default-route
          |     |  +--rw enabled?        boolean
          |     |  +--rw route-policy?   route-policy-ref
          |     +--rw passive?                   empty
          |     +--rw split-horizon?             enumeration
          |     +--rw summary-address
          |     |  +--rw address?   inet:ip-prefix
          |     |  +--rw metric?    uint8
          |     +--rw timers
          |     |  +--rw update-interval?     uint16
          |     |  +--rw invalid-interval?    uint16
          |     |  +--rw holddown-interval?   uint16
          |     |  +--rw flush-interval?      uint16



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          |     +--ro oper-status?               enumeration
          |     +--ro next-full-update?          uint32
          |     +--ro valid-address?             boolean
          |     +--ro statistics {interface-statistics}?
          |        +--ro discontinuity-time?   yang:date-and-time
          |        +--ro bad-packets-rcvd?     yang:counter32
          |        +--ro bad-routes-rcvd?      yang:counter32
          |        +--ro updates-sent?         yang:counter32
          +--ro next-triggered-update?        uint32
          +--ro num-of-routes?                uint32
          +--ro ipv4
          |  +--ro neighbors
          |  |  +--ro neighbor* [ipv4-address]
          |  |     +--ro ipv4-address        inet:ipv4-address
          |  |     +--ro last-update?        yang:date-and-time
          |  |     +--ro bad-packets-rcvd?   yang:counter32
          |  |     +--ro bad-routes-rcvd?    yang:counter32
          |  +--ro routes
          |     +--ro route* [ipv4-prefix]
          |        +--ro ipv4-prefix
    inet:ipv4-prefix
          |        +--ro next-hop?
    inet:ipv4-address
          |        +--ro interface?
    if:interface-ref
          |        +--ro redistributed?                  boolean
          |        +--ro route-type?                     enumeration
          |        +--ro metric?                         uint8
          |        +--ro expire-time?                    uint16
          |        +--ro deleted?                        boolean
          |        +--ro holddown?                       boolean
          |        +--ro need-triggered-update?          boolean
          |        +--ro inactive?                       boolean
          |        +--ro flush-expire-before-holddown?   boolean
          +--ro ipv6
          |  +--ro neighbors
          |  |  +--ro neighbor* [ipv6-address]
          |  |     +--ro ipv6-address        inet:ipv6-address
          |  |     +--ro last-update?        yang:date-and-time
          |  |     +--ro bad-packets-rcvd?   yang:counter32
          |  |     +--ro bad-routes-rcvd?    yang:counter32
          |  +--ro routes
          |     +--ro route* [ipv6-prefix]
          |        +--ro ipv6-prefix
    inet:ipv6-prefix
          |        +--ro next-hop?
    inet:ipv6-address
          |        +--ro interface?



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    if:interface-ref
          |        +--ro redistributed?                  boolean
          |        +--ro route-type?                     enumeration
          |        +--ro metric?                         uint8
          |        +--ro expire-time?                    uint16
          |        +--ro deleted?                        boolean
          |        +--ro holddown?                       boolean
          |        +--ro need-triggered-update?          boolean
          |        +--ro inactive?                       boolean
          |        +--ro flush-expire-before-holddown?   boolean
          +--ro statistics {global-statistics}?
             +--ro discontinuity-time?   yang:date-and-time
             +--ro requests-rcvd?        yang:counter32
             +--ro requests-sent?        yang:counter32
             +--ro responses-rcvd?       yang:counter32
             +--ro responses-sent?       yang:counter32

     rpcs:
       +---x clear-rip-route
          +---w input
             +---w rip-instance?   leafref


4.  YANG Module


   <CODE BEGINS> file "ietf-rip@2018-01-09.yang"
   module ietf-rip {
     yang-version 1.1;
     namespace "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-rip";

     prefix rip;

     import ietf-inet-types {
       prefix "inet";
     }

     import ietf-yang-types {
       prefix "yang";
     }

     import ietf-interfaces {
       prefix "if";
     }

     import ietf-ip {
       prefix "ip";
     }



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     import ietf-routing {
       prefix "rt";
     }

     import ietf-key-chain {
       prefix "key-chain";
     }

     import ietf-bfd-types {
       prefix "bfd-types";
     }

     import ietf-ospf {
       prefix "ospf";
     }

     import ietf-isis {
       prefix "isis";
     }

     organization "IETF Routing Area Working Group (rtgwg)";

     contact
       "WG Web:   <http://tools.ietf.org/wg/rgtwg/>
        WG List:  <mailto:rgtwg@ietf.org>

        Editor:   Xufeng Liu
                  <mailto:xufeng_liu@jabil.com>

        Editor:   Prateek Sarda
                  <mailto:prateek.sarda@ericsson.com>

        Editor:   Vikram Choudhary
                  <mailto:vikschw@gmail.com>";

     description
       "This YANG module defines a model for managing Routing
        Information Protocol (RIP), including RIP version 2 and RIPng.

        Copyright (c) 2018 IETF Trust and the persons identified as
        authors of the code.  All rights reserved.

        Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or
        without modification, is permitted pursuant to, and subject to
        the license terms contained in, the Simplified BSD License set
        forth in Section 4.c of the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions
        Relating to IETF Documents
        (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info).



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        This version of this YANG module is part of RFC XXXX; see the
        RFC itself for full legal notices.";

     revision 2018-01-09 {
       description
         "Initial revision.";
       reference
         "RFC XXXX: A YANG Data Model for Routing Information Protocol
          (RIP).
          RFC 2453: RIP Version 2.
          RFC 2080: RIPng for IPv6.
          RFC 1724: RIP Version 2 MIB Extension.";
     }

     /*
      * Features
      */
     feature bfd {
       description
         "This feature indicates that the RIP implementation on the
          system supports BFD (Bidirectional Forwarding Detection).";
     }

     feature explicit-neighbors {
       description
         "This feature indicates that the system supports explicit
          neighbor configuration on a RIP interface.";
     }

     feature global-statistics {
       description
         "This feature indicates that the system supports collecting
          global statistic data related to RIP.";
     }

     feature interface-statistics {
       description
         "This feature indicates that the system supports collecting
          per-interface statistic data related to RIP.";
     }

     /*
      * Typedefs
      */

     typedef prefix-set-ref {
       type string;
       description



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         "A type for a reference to a prefix set.
          The string value is the name identifier for uniquely
          identifying the referenced prefix set, which contains a list
          of prefixes that a routing policy can applied. The definition
          of such a prefix set is outside the scope of this document.";
     }

     typedef route-policy-ref {
       type string;
       description
         "A type for a reference to a route policy.
          The string value is the name identifier for uniquely
          identifying the referenced routing policy, which contains one
          or more policy rules that can be used for a routing decision.
          The definition of such a routing policy is outside the scope
          of this document.";
     }

     /*
      * Identities
      */

     identity rip {
       base rt:routing-protocol;
       description "Identity for the RIP routing protocol.";
     }

     identity ripv2 {
       base rip:rip;
       description "Identity for RIPv2 (RIP version 2).";
     }

     identity ripng {
       base rip:rip;
       description "Identity for RIPng.";
     }

     /*
      * Groupings
      */

     grouping originate-default-route-container {
       description
         "Containing settings whether to originate the default route
          in RIP routing instance.";
       container originate-default-route {
         description
           "Injects the default route into the RIP (RIPv2 or RIPng)



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            routing instance.";
         leaf enabled {
           type boolean;
           default false;
           description
             "'true' if originating default route is enabled.";
         }
         leaf route-policy {
           type route-policy-ref;
           description
             "The conditions of the route policy are applied to the
              default route.";
         }
       }
     }

     grouping redistribute-container {
       description
         "Container of redistribute attributes.";

       container redistribute {
         description
           "Redistributes routes learned from other routing protocols
            into the RIP routing instance.";
         list bgp {
           key "asn";
           description
             "Redistributes routes from the specified BGP (Border
              Gateway Protocol) autonomous system (AS) into the RIP
              routing instance.";
           leaf asn {
             type inet:as-number;
             description
               "BGP autonomous system (AS) number.";
           }
           uses redistribute-route-policy-attributes;
         }
         container cg-nat {
           presence
             "Present if Carrier Grade Network Address Translation
              (CGNAT) routes are redistributed.";
           description
             "Carrier Grade Network Address Translation (CGNAT)
              routes.";
           uses redistribute-route-policy-attributes;
         }
         container connected {
           presence



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             "Present if directly attached network routes are
              redistributed.";
           description
             "Redistributes directly attached networks into the RIP
              routing instance.";
           uses redistribute-route-policy-attributes;
         }
         container ipsec {
           presence
             "Present if IP security routing instance routes
              are redistributed.";
           description
             "Redistributes routes from the IP security routing
              instance into the RIP routing instance.";
           uses redistribute-route-policy-attributes;
         }
         list isis {
           key "instance";
           description
             "Redistributes IS-IS routes.";
           leaf instance {
             type leafref {
               path "../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol/rt:name";
             }
             must "derived-from-or-self("
               + "../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol"
               + "[rt:name = current()]/rt:type, 'isis:isis')" {
               description
                 "The type of the routing protocol must be 'isis'";
             }
             description
               "Redistributes routes from the specified IS-IS routing
                instance into the RIP routing instance.";
           }
           leaf level {
             type enumeration {
               enum 1 {
                 description "IS-IS level 1 routes.";
               }
               enum 2 {
                 description "IS-IS level 2 routes.";
               }
               enum 1-2 {
                 description "IS-IS level 1-2 routes.";
               }
             }
             description
               "IS-IS level.";



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           }
           uses redistribute-route-policy-attributes;
         }
         container nat {
           presence
             "Present if Network Address Translation (NAT) routes
              are redistributed.";
           description
             "Redistributes Network Address Translation (NAT)
              routes into the RIP routing instance.";
           uses redistribute-route-policy-attributes;
         }
         list ospfv2 {
           when "derived-from-or-self(../../../rt:type, 'rip:ripv2')" {
             description
               "Applicable to RIPv2.";
           }
           key "instance";
           description
             "Redistributes routes from the specified OSPFv2 routing
              instance into the RIPv2 routing instance.";
           leaf instance {
             type leafref {
               path "../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol/rt:name";
             }
             must "derived-from-or-self("
               + "../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol"
               + "[rt:name = current()]/rt:type, 'ospf:ospfv2')" {
               description
                 "The type of the routing protocol must be 'ospfv2'";
             }
             description
               "OSPFv2 instance ID. Redistributes routes from the
                specified OSPFv2 routing instance into the RIPv2 routing
                instance. ";
           }
           leaf route-type {
             type ospf:route-type;
             description
               "Redistributes only those OSPFv2 routes matching the
                specified route type into the RIPv2 routing instance.";
           }
           uses redistribute-route-policy-attributes;
         }
         list ospfv3 {
           when "derived-from-or-self(../../../rt:type, 'rip:ripng')" {
             description
               "Applicable to RIPng.";



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           }
           key "instance";
           description
             "Redistributes routes from the specified OSPFv3 routing
              instance into the RIPng routing instance.";
           leaf instance {
             type leafref {
               path "../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol/rt:name";
             }
             must "derived-from-or-self("
               + "../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol"
               + "[rt:name = current()]/rt:type, 'ospf:ospfv3')" {
               description
                 "The type of the routing protocol must be 'ospfv3'";
             }
             description
               "OSPFv3 instance ID. Redistributes routes from the
                specified OSPFv3 routing instance into the RIPng routing
                instance. ";
           }
           leaf route-type {
             type ospf:route-type;
             description
               "Redistributes only those OSPFv3 routes matching the
                specified route type into the RIPng routing instance.";
           }
           uses redistribute-route-policy-attributes;
         }
         list ripv2 {
           when "derived-from-or-self(../../../rt:type, 'rip:ripv2')" {
             description
               "Applicable to RIPv2.";
           }
           key "instance";
           description
             "Redistributes routes from another RIPv2 routing instance
              into the current RIPv2 routing instance.";
           leaf instance {
             type leafref {
               path "../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol/rt:name";
             }
             must "derived-from-or-self("
               + "../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol"
               + "[rt:name = current()]/rt:type, 'rip:ripv2')" {
               description
                 "The type of the routing protocol must be 'ripv2'";
             }
             description



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               "Redistributes routes from the specified RIPv2 routing
                instance into the RIPv2 routing instance.";
           }
           uses redistribute-route-policy-attributes;
         }
         list ripng {
           when "derived-from-or-self(../../../rt:type, 'rip:ripng')" {
             description
               "Applicable to RIPng.";
           }
           key "instance";
           description
             "Redistributes routes from another RIPng routing instance
              into the current RIPng routing instance.";
           leaf instance {
             type leafref {
               path "../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol/rt:name";
             }
             must "derived-from-or-self("
               + "../../../../../rt:control-plane-protocol"
               + "[rt:name = current()]/rt:type, 'rip:ripng')" {
               description
                 "The type of the routing protocol must be 'ripng'";
             }
             description
               "Redistributes routes from the specified RIPng routing
                instance into the RIPng routing instance.";
           }
           uses redistribute-route-policy-attributes;
         }
         container static {
           presence "Present if redistributing static routes.";
           description
             "Redistributes static routes into the RIP routing
              instance.";
           uses redistribute-route-policy-attributes;
         }
       } // redistribute
     } // redistribute-container

     grouping redistribute-route-policy-attributes {
       description
         "Attributes for redistributing a route policy.";
       leaf metric {
         type uint8 {
           range 0..16;
         }
         description



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           "Metric used for the redistributed route. If a metric is
            not specified, the metric configured with the
            default-metric attribute in RIP router configuration is
            used. If the default-metric attribute has not been
            configured, the default metric for redistributed routes
            is 0.";
       }
       leaf route-policy {
         type route-policy-ref;
         description
           "Applies the conditions of the specified route policy to
            routes that are redistributed into the RIP routing
            instance.";
       }
     } // redistribute-route-policy-attributes

     grouping timers-container {
       description
         "Container for settings of basic timers";
       container timers {
         must "invalid-interval >= (update-interval * 3)" {
           description
             "invalid-interval must be at least three times the value
              for the update-interval argument.";
         }
         must "flush-interval > invalid-interval" {
           description
             "flush-interval must be larger than the value for the
              invalid-interval argument";
         }
         description
           "Timers for the specified RIPv2 or RIPng instance or
            interface.";
         leaf update-interval {
           type uint16 {
             range  1..32767;
           }
           units seconds;
           default 30;
           description
             "Interval at which RIPv2 or RIPng updates are sent.";
         }
         leaf invalid-interval {
           type uint16 {
             range 1..32767;
           }
           units seconds;
           default 180;



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           description
             "Interval before a route is declared invalid after no
              updates are received. This value is at least three times
              the value for the update-interval argument.";
         }
         leaf holddown-interval {
           type uint16 {
             range 1..32767;
           }
           units seconds;
           default 180;
           description
             "Interval before better routes are released.";
         }
         leaf flush-interval {
           type uint16 {
             range 1..32767;
           }
           units seconds;
           default 240;
           description
             "Interval before a route is flushed from the routing
              table. This value must be larger than the value for the
              invalid-interval argument.";
         }
       } // timers
     }

     grouping global-attributes {
       description
         "Global configuration and state attributes.";
       uses originate-default-route-container;

       leaf default-metric {
         type uint8 {
           range 0..16;
         }
         default 0;
         description
           "Set the default metric.";
       }

       leaf distance {
         type uint8 {
           range 1..255;
         }
         default 120;
         description



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           "The administrative distance of the RIPv2 or RIPng for the
            current RIPv2 or RIPng instance.";
       }

       leaf triggered-update-threshold {
         type uint8 {
           range 1..30;
         }
         units seconds;
         default 5;
         description
           "This attribute is used to suppress triggered updates.
            When the arrival of a regularly scheduled update matches the
            number of seconds or is less than the number seconds
            configured with this attribute, the triggered update is
            suppressed.";
       }

       leaf maximum-paths {
         type uint8 {
           range 1..16;
         }
         default 8;
         description
           "The number of multiple equal-cost RIPv2 or RIPng routes
            that can be used as the best paths for balancing the load
            of outgoing traffic packets.";
       }

       leaf output-delay {
         type uint8 {
           range 1..50;
         }
         units milliseconds;
         description
           "A delay time between packets sent in multipacket
            RIPv2 or RIPng updates.";
       }
     } // global-attributes

     grouping distribute-lists {
       description
         "Grouping for distribute lists.";
       list distribute-list {
         key "prefix-set-name direction";
         description
           "List of distribute-lists, which are used to filter in-coming
            or out-going routing updates.";



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         leaf prefix-set-name {
           type prefix-set-ref;
           description
             "Reference to a prefix list to be applied to RIPv2 or
              RIPng packets.";
         }

         leaf direction {
           type enumeration {
             enum "in" {
               description
                 "Apply the distribute-list to in-coming routes.";
             }
             enum "out" {
               description
                 "Apply the distribute-list to out-going routes.";
             }
           }
           description
             "Direction of the routing updates.";
         }

         leaf if-name {
           type if:interface-ref;
           description
             "Reference to an interface to which the prefix list is
              applied.";
         }
       }
     } // distribute-lists

     grouping route-attributes {
       description
         "Grouping for route attributes.";
       leaf redistributed {
         type boolean;
         description
           "Redistributed routes";
       }

       leaf route-type {
         type enumeration {
           enum connected {
             description "Connected route.";
           }
           enum external {
             description "External route.";
           }



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           enum external-backup {
             description "External backup route.";
           }
           enum rip {
             description "RIP route.";
           }
         }
         description
           "Route type.";
       }
       leaf metric {
         type uint8 {
           range 0..16;
         }
         description "Route metric.";
       }
       leaf expire-time {
         type uint16;
         description "Expiration time.";
       }
       leaf deleted {
         type boolean;
         description "Deleted route.";
       }
       leaf holddown {
         type boolean;
         description "Holddown route.";
       }
       leaf need-triggered-update {
         type boolean;
         description "The route needs triggered update.";
       }
       leaf inactive {
         type boolean;
         description "The route is inactive.";
       }
       leaf flush-expire-before-holddown {
         type boolean;
         description
           "The flush timer expired before holddown time.";
       }
     } // route-attribute

     /*
      * Configuration data and operational state data nodes
      */

     augment "/rt:routing/rt:control-plane-protocols/"



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       + "rt:control-plane-protocol" {
       when "derived-from(rt:type, 'rip:rip')" {
         description
           "This augment is only valid for a routing protocol instance
            of RIP (type 'ripv2' or 'ripng').";
       }
       description "RIP augmentation.";

       container rip {
         description
           "RIP data.";

         uses global-attributes;
         uses distribute-lists;
         uses redistribute-container;
         uses timers-container;

         container interfaces {
           description
             "Containing a list of RIP interfaces.";
           list interface {
             key "interface";
             description
               "List of RIP interfaces.";
             leaf interface {
               type if:interface-ref;
               must "(derived-from-or-self("
                 + "../../../../rt:type, 'rip:ripv2') and "
                 + "/if:interfaces/if:interface[if:name=current()]/"
                 + "ip:ipv4) or "
                 + "(derived-from-or-self("
                 + "../../../../rt:type, 'rip:ripng') and "
                 + "/if:interfaces/if:interface[if:name=current()]/"
                 + "ip:ipv6)" {
                 error-message "Invalid interface type.";
                 description
                   "RIPv2 can be enabled on IPv4 interfae, and
                    RIPng can be enabled on IPv6 interface.";
               }
               description
                 "Enable RIP on this interface.";
             }

             container authentication {
               when "derived-from-or-self("
                 + "../../../../rt:type, 'rip:ripv2')" {
                 description "Only applicable to RIPv2.";
               }



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               description
                 "Enables authentication and specifies the
                  authentication scheme for the RIP interface";
               choice auth-type-selection {
                 description
                   "Specify the authentication scheme.";
                 reference
                   "RFC8177: YANG Data Model for Key Chains.";
                 case auth-key-chain {
                   leaf key-chain {
                     type key-chain:key-chain-ref;
                     description
                       "key-chain name.";
                   }
                 }
                 case auth-key {
                   leaf key {
                     type string;
                     description
                       "Key string in ASCII format.";
                   }
                   leaf crypto-algorithm {
                     type identityref {
                       base key-chain:crypto-algorithm;
                     }
                     description
                       "Cryptographic algorithm associated with key.";
                   }
                 }
               }
             }

             container bfd {
               if-feature bfd;
               description "BFD configuration.";
               uses bfd-types:client-cfg-parms;
             }

             leaf cost {
               type uint8 {
                 range  1..16;
               }
               default 1;
               description
                 "Interface cost.";
             }

             container neighbors {



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               if-feature explicit-neighbors;
               description
                 "Specifies the RIP neighbors. Useful for a
                  non-broadcast multiple access (NBMA) network.";
               list neighbor {
                 key "address";
                 description
                   "Specify a RIP neighbor on a non-broadcast network.";
                 leaf address {
                   type inet:ip-address;
                   description "Neighbor IP address.";
                 }
               }
             }

             leaf no-listen {
               type empty;
               description
                 "Disables listening to and processing of RIPv2 or RIPng
                  packets on the specified interface.";
             }

             uses originate-default-route-container;

             leaf passive {
               type empty;
               description
                 "Disables sending of RIPv2 or RIPng packets on the
                  specified interface.";
             }

             leaf split-horizon {
               type enumeration {
                 enum disabled {
                   description
                     "Disables split-horizon processing.";
                 }
                 enum simple {
                   description
                     "Enables simple split-horizon processing.";
                 }
                 enum poison-reverse {
                   description
                     "Enables split-horizon processing with poison
                      reverse.";
                 }
               }
               default simple;



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               description
                 "Controls RIPv2 or RIPng split-horizon processing on
                  the specified interface.";
             }

             container summary-address {
               description
                 "Summarizes information about RIPv2 or RIPng routes
                  sent over the specified interface in RIPv2 or RIPng
                  update packets.";
               leaf address {
                 type inet:ip-prefix;
                 description
                   "IPv4 address, in the form A.B.C.D, and the prefix
                    length, separated by the slash (/) character;
                    or IPv6 address, in the form A:B:C:D:E:F:G:H, and
                    the prefix length, separated by the slash (/)
                    character.";
               }
               leaf metric {
                 type uint8 {
                   range 0..16;
                 }
                 description
                   "Metric used for the route. If this attribute is not
                    used, the value set through the default-metric
                    attribute in RIPv2 or RIPng router configuration is
                    used for the route. ";
               }
             }

             uses timers-container;

             /* Operational state */
             leaf oper-status {
               type enumeration {
                 enum up {
                   description
                     "RIPv2 or RIPng is operational on this interface.";
                 }
                 enum down {
                   description
                     "RIPv2 or RIPng is not operational on this
                      interface.";
                 }
               }
               config false;
               description



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                 "Operational state.";
             }
             leaf next-full-update {
               type uint32;
               config false;
               description
                 "Next full update time.";
             }
             leaf valid-address {
               type boolean;
               config false;
               description
                 "The interface has a valid address.";
             }

             container statistics {
               if-feature interface-statistics;
               config false;
               description
                 "Interface statistic counters.";
               leaf discontinuity-time {
                 type yang:date-and-time;
                 description
                   "The time on the most recent occasion at which any
                    one or more of the statistic counters suffered a
                    discontinuity. If no such discontinuities have
                    occurred since the last re-initialization of the
                    local management subsystem, then this node contains
                    the time the local management subsystem
                    re-initialized itself.";
               }
               leaf bad-packets-rcvd {
                 type yang:counter32;
                 description
                   "The number of RIP invalid packets received by
                    the RIP process which were subsequently discarded
                    for any reason (e.g. a version 0 packet, or an
                    unknown command type).";
               }
               leaf bad-routes-rcvd {
                 type yang:counter32;
                 description
                   "The number of routes, in valid RIP packets,
                    which were ignored for any reason (e.g. unknown
                    address family, or invalid metric).";
               }
               leaf updates-sent {
                 type yang:counter32;



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                 description
                   "The number of triggered RIP updates actually
                    sent on this interface.  This explicitly does
                    NOT include full updates sent containing new
                    information.";
               }
             }
           } // interface
         } // interfaces

         /* Operational state */
         leaf next-triggered-update {
           type uint32;
           config false;
           description
             "Next triggered update.";
         }
         leaf num-of-routes {
           type uint32;
           config false;
           description
             "The number of routes.";
         }

         container ipv4 {
           when "derived-from-or-self(../../rt:type, 'rip:ripv2')" {
             description
               "IPv4 address family is supported by RIPv2.";
           }
           config false;
           description
             "IPv4 address family information.";
           container neighbors {
             description
               "IPv4 neighbor information.";
             list neighbor {
               key "ipv4-address";
               description
                 "A RIPv2 neighbor.";

               leaf ipv4-address {
                 type inet:ipv4-address;
                 description
                   "IP address that a RIP neighbor is using as its
                    source address.";
               }
               leaf last-update {
                 type yang:date-and-time;



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                 description
                   "The time when the most recent RIP update was
                    received from this neighbor.";
               }
               leaf bad-packets-rcvd {
                 type yang:counter32;
                 description
                   "The number of RIP invalid packets received from
                    this neighbor which were subsequently discarded
                    for any reason (e.g. a version 0 packet, or an
                    unknown command type).";
               }
               leaf bad-routes-rcvd {
                 type yang:counter32;
                 description
                   "The number of routes received from this neighbor,
                    in valid RIP packets, which were ignored for any
                    reason (e.g. unknown address family, or invalid
                    metric).";
               }
             } // neighbor
           } // neighbors
           container routes {
             description
               "IPv4 route information.";
             list route {
               key "ipv4-prefix";
               description
                 "A RIPv2 IPv4 route.";

               leaf ipv4-prefix {
                 type inet:ipv4-prefix;
                 description
                   "IP address (in the form A.B.C.D) and prefix length,
                    separated by the slash (/) character. The range of
                    values for the prefix-length is 0 to 32.";
               }
               leaf next-hop {
                 type inet:ipv4-address;
                 description
                   "Next hop IPv4 address.";
               }
               leaf interface {
                 type if:interface-ref;
                 description
                   "The interface that the route uses.";
               }
               uses route-attributes;



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             } // route
           } // routes
         } // ipv4
         container ipv6 {
           when "derived-from-or-self(../../rt:type, 'rip:ripng')" {
             description
               "IPv6 address family is supported by RIPng.";
           }
           config false;
           description
             "IPv6 address family information.";
           container neighbors {
             description
               "IPv6 neighbor information.";
             list neighbor {
               key "ipv6-address";
               description
                 "A RIPng neighbor.";

               leaf ipv6-address {
                 type inet:ipv6-address;
                 description
                   "IP address that a RIP neighbor is using as its
                    source address.";
               }
               leaf last-update {
                 type yang:date-and-time;
                 description
                   "The time when the most recent RIP update was
                    received from this neighbor.";
               }
               leaf bad-packets-rcvd {
                 type yang:counter32;
                 description
                   "The number of RIP invalid packets received from
                    this neighbor which were subsequently discarded
                    for any reason (e.g. a version 0 packet, or an
                    unknown command type).";
               }
               leaf bad-routes-rcvd {
                 type yang:counter32;
                 description
                   "The number of routes received from this neighbor,
                    in valid RIP packets, which were ignored for any
                    reason (e.g. unknown address family, or invalid
                    metric).";
               }
             } // neighbor



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           } // neighbors
           container routes {
             description
               "IPv6 route information.";
             list route {
               key "ipv6-prefix";
               description
                 "A RIPng IPv6 route.";

               leaf ipv6-prefix {
                 type inet:ipv6-prefix;
                 description
                   "IP address (in the canonical format defined in
                    RFC5952) and prefix length, separated by the slash
                    (/) character. The range of values for the
                    prefix-length is 0 to 128.";
               }
               leaf next-hop {
                 type inet:ipv6-address;
                 description
                   "Next hop IPv6 address.";
               }
               leaf interface {
                 type if:interface-ref;
                 description
                   "The interface that the route uses.";
               }
               uses route-attributes;
             } // route
           } // routes
         } // ipv6

         container statistics {
           if-feature global-statistics;
           config false;
           description
             "Global statistic counters.";
           leaf discontinuity-time {
             type yang:date-and-time;
             description
               "The time on the most recent occasion at which any one
                or more of the statistic counters suffered a
                discontinuity. If no such discontinuities have occurred
                since the last re-initialization of the local
                management subsystem, then this node contains the time
                the local management subsystem re-initialized itself.";
           }
           leaf requests-rcvd {



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             type yang:counter32;
             description
               "The number of requests received by RIP.";
           }
           leaf requests-sent {
             type yang:counter32;
             description
               "The number of requests sent by RIP.";
           }
           leaf responses-rcvd {
             type yang:counter32;
             description
               "The number of responses received by RIP.";
           }
           leaf responses-sent {
             type yang:counter32;
             description
               "The number of responses sent by RIP.";
           }
         } // statistics
       } // container rip
     }

     /*
      * RPCs
      */

     rpc clear-rip-route {
       description
         "Clears RIP routes from the IP routing table and routes
          redistributed into the RIP protocol for the specified RIP
          instance or for all RIP instances in the current context.";

       input {
         leaf rip-instance {
           type leafref {
             path "/rt:routing/rt:control-plane-protocols/"
               + "rt:control-plane-protocol/rt:name";
           }
           description
             "Instance name identifying a specific RIP instance.
              This leaf is optional for the rpc.
              If it is specified, the rpc will clear all routes in the
              specified RIP instance;
              if it is not specified, the rpc will clear all routes in
              all RIP instances.";
         }
       }



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     } // rcp clear-rip-route
   }
   <CODE ENDS>



5.  IANA Considerations

   RFC Ed.: In this section, replace all occurrences of 'XXXX' with the
   actual RFC number (and remove this note).

   This document registers the following namespace URIs in the IETF XML
   registry [RFC3688]:

   --------------------------------------------------------------------
   URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-rip
   Registrant Contact: The IESG.
   XML: N/A, the requested URI is an XML namespace.
   --------------------------------------------------------------------

   This document registers the following YANG modules in the YANG Module
   Names registry [RFC7950]:

   --------------------------------------------------------------------
   name:         ietf-rip
   namespace:    urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:yang:ietf-rip
   prefix:       rip
   reference:    RFC XXXX
   --------------------------------------------------------------------

6.  Security Considerations

   The YANG module specified in this document defines a schema for data
   that is designed to be accessed via network management protocols such
   as NETCONF [RFC6241] or RESTCONF [RFC8040].  The lowest NETCONF layer
   is the secure transport layer, and the mandatory-to-implement secure
   transport is Secure Shell (SSH) [RFC6242].  The lowest RESTCONF layer
   is HTTPS, and the mandatory-to-implement secure transport is TLS
   [RFC5246].

   The NETCONF access control model [RFC6536] provides the means to
   restrict access for particular NETCONF or RESTCONF users to a
   preconfigured subset of all available NETCONF or RESTCONF protocol
   operations and content.

   There are a number of data nodes defined in this YANG module that are
   writable/creatable/deletable (i.e., config true, which is the
   default).  These data nodes may be considered sensitive or vulnerable



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   in some network environments.  Write operations (e.g., edit-config)
   to these data nodes without proper protection can have a negative
   effect on network operations.  These are the subtrees and data nodes
   and their sensitivity/vulnerability:

   /rt:routing/rt:control-plane-protocols/rt:control-plane-protocol/
   rip:rip

   Unauthorized access to any data node of these subtrees can adversely
   affect the routing subsystem of both the local device and the
   network.  This may lead to network malfunctions, delivery of packets
   to inappropriate destinations, and other problems.

   Some of the readable data nodes in this YANG module may be considered
   sensitive or vulnerable in some network environments.  It is thus
   important to control read access (e.g., via get, get-config, or
   notification) to these data nodes.  These are the subtrees and data
   nodes and their sensitivity/vulnerability:

   /rt:routing/rt:control-plane-protocols/rt:control-plane-protocol/
   rip:rip

   Unauthorized access to any data node of these subtrees can disclose
   the operational state information of RIP on this device.

   Some of the RPC operations in this YANG module may be considered
   sensitive or vulnerable in some network environments.  It is thus
   important to control access to these operations.  These are the
   operations and their sensitivity/vulnerability:

   RPC clear-rip-route:

   Unauthorized access to the RPC above can adversely affect the routing
   subsystem of both the local device and the network.  This may lead to
   network malfunctions, delivery of packets to inappropriate
   destinations, and other problems.

7.  References

7.1.  Normative References

   [RFC1724]  Malkin, G. and F. Baker, "RIP Version 2 MIB Extension",
              RFC 1724, DOI 10.17487/RFC1724, November 1994,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc1724>.







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   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997, <https://www.rfc-
              editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC2453]  Malkin, G., "RIP Version 2", STD 56, RFC 2453,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2453, November 1998, <https://www.rfc-
              editor.org/info/rfc2453>.

   [RFC2080]  Malkin, G. and R. Minnear, "RIPng for IPv6", RFC 2080,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2080, January 1997, <https://www.rfc-
              editor.org/info/rfc2080>.

   [RFC3688]  Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3688, January 2004, <https://www.rfc-
              editor.org/info/rfc3688>.

   [RFC5246]  Dierks, T. and E. Rescorla, "The Transport Layer Security
              (TLS) Protocol Version 1.2", RFC 5246,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5246, August 2008, <https://www.rfc-
              editor.org/info/rfc5246>.

   [RFC6241]  Enns, R., Ed., Bjorklund, M., Ed., Schoenwaelder, J., Ed.,
              and A. Bierman, Ed., "Network Configuration Protocol
              (NETCONF)", RFC 6241, DOI 10.17487/RFC6241, June 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6241>.

   [RFC6242]  Wasserman, M., "Using the NETCONF Protocol over Secure
              Shell (SSH)", RFC 6242, DOI 10.17487/RFC6242, June 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6242>.

   [RFC6536]  Bierman, A. and M. Bjorklund, "Network Configuration
              Protocol (NETCONF) Access Control Model", RFC 6536,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6536, March 2012, <https://www.rfc-
              editor.org/info/rfc6536>.

   [RFC6991]  Schoenwaelder, J., Ed., "Common YANG Data Types",
              RFC 6991, DOI 10.17487/RFC6991, July 2013,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6991>.

   [RFC7950]  Bjorklund, M., Ed., "The YANG 1.1 Data Modeling Language",
              RFC 7950, DOI 10.17487/RFC7950, August 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7950>.

   [RFC8040]  Bierman, A., Bjorklund, M., and K. Watsen, "RESTCONF
              Protocol", RFC 8040, DOI 10.17487/RFC8040, January 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8040>.




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   [RFC8177]  Lindem, A., Ed., Qu, Y., Yeung, D., Chen, I., and J.
              Zhang, "YANG Data Model for Key Chains", RFC 8177,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8177, June 2017, <https://www.rfc-
              editor.org/info/rfc8177>.

   [I-D.ietf-netmod-rfc7223bis]
              Bjorklund, M., "A YANG Data Model for Interface
              Management", draft-ietf-netmod-rfc7223bis-02 (work in
              progress), January 2018.

   [I-D.ietf-netmod-rfc7277bis]
              Bjorklund, M., "A YANG Data Model for IP Management",
              draft-ietf-netmod-rfc7277bis-02 (work in progress),
              January 2018.

   [I-D.ietf-netmod-rfc8022bis]
              Lhotka, L., Lindem, A., and Y. Qu, "A YANG Data Model for
              Routing Management (NDMA Version)", draft-ietf-netmod-
              rfc8022bis-08 (work in progress), January 2018.

   [I-D.ietf-bfd-yang]
              Rahman, R., Zheng, L., Jethanandani, M., Networks, J., and
              G. Mirsky, "YANG Data Model for Bidirectional Forwarding
              Detection (BFD)", draft-ietf-bfd-yang-07 (work in
              progress), October 2017.

   [I-D.ietf-isis-yang-isis-cfg]
              Litkowski, S., Yeung, D., Lindem, A., Zhang, Z., and L.
              Lhotka, "YANG Data Model for IS-IS protocol", draft-ietf-
              isis-yang-isis-cfg-19 (work in progress), November 2017.

   [I-D.ietf-ospf-yang]
              Yeung, D., Qu, Y., Zhang, Z., Chen, I., and A. Lindem,
              "Yang Data Model for OSPF Protocol", draft-ietf-ospf-
              yang-09 (work in progress), October 2017.

   [I-D.ietf-netmod-revised-datastores]
              Bjorklund, M., Schoenwaelder, J., Shafer, P., Watsen, K.,
              and R. Wilton, "Network Management Datastore
              Architecture", draft-ietf-netmod-revised-datastores-09
              (work in progress), December 2017.

7.2.  Informative References

   [RFC7951]  Lhotka, L., "JSON Encoding of Data Modeled with YANG",
              RFC 7951, DOI 10.17487/RFC7951, August 2016,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7951>.




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   [I-D.ietf-netconf-subscribed-notifications]
              Voit, E., Clemm, A., Prieto, A., Nilsen-Nygaard, E., and
              A. Tripathy, "Custom Subscription to Event Streams",
              draft-ietf-netconf-subscribed-notifications-08 (work in
              progress), December 2017.

   [I-D.ietf-netconf-yang-push]
              Clemm, A., Voit, E., Prieto, A., Tripathy, A., Nilsen-
              Nygaard, E., Bierman, A., and B. Lengyel, "YANG Datastore
              Subscription", draft-ietf-netconf-yang-push-12 (work in
              progress), December 2017.

   [I-D.ietf-netmod-rfc6087bis]
              Bierman, A., "Guidelines for Authors and Reviewers of YANG
              Data Model Documents", draft-ietf-netmod-rfc6087bis-15
              (work in progress), December 2017.

   [I-D.ietf-netmod-yang-tree-diagrams]
              Bjorklund, M. and L. Berger, "YANG Tree Diagrams", draft-
              ietf-netmod-yang-tree-diagrams-04 (work in progress),
              December 2017.






























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Appendix A.  Data Tree Example

   This section contains an example of an instance data tree in the JSON
   encoding [RFC7951], containing both configuration and state data.

                     +---------------------+
                     |                     |
                     | Router 203.0.113.1  |
                     |                     |
                     +----------+----------+
                                |eth1
                                |192.0.2.1/24
                                |
                                |
                                |192.0.2.2/24
                     +----------+----------+
                     |                     |         |
                     |   Another Router    +---------| 198.51.100.0/24
                     |                     |         |
                     +---------------------+

   The configuration instance data tree for Router 203.0.113.1 in the
   above figure could be as follows:




























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   {
     "ietf-interfaces:interfaces": {
       "interface": [
         {
           "name": "eth1",
           "description": "An interface with RIPv2 enabled.",
           "type": "iana-if-type:ethernetCsmacd",
           "ietf-ip:ipv4": {
             "address": [
               {
                 "ip": "192.0.2.1",
                 "prefix-length": 24
               }
             ],
             "forwarding": true
           }
         }
       ]
     },
     "ietf-routing:routing": {
       "router-id": "203.0.113.1",
       "control-plane-protocols": {
         "control-plane-protocol": [
           {
             "type": "ietf-rip:ripv2",
             "name": "ripv2-1",
             "description": "RIPv2 instance ripv2-1.",
             "ietf-rip:rip": {
               "redistribute": {
                 "connected": {
                 }
               }
               "interfaces": {
                 "interface": [
                   {
                     "interface": "eth1",
                     "split-horizon": "poison-reverse"
                   }
                 ]
               }
             }
           }
         ]
       }
     }
   }





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   The cooresponding operational state data for Router 203.0.113.1 could
   be as follows:

   {
     "ietf-interfaces:interfaces": {
       "interface": [
         {
           "name": "eth1",
           "description": "An interface with RIPv2 enabled.",
           "type": "iana-if-type:ethernetCsmacd",
           "phys-address": "00:0C:42:E5:B1:E9",
           "oper-status": "up",
           "statistics": {
             "discontinuity-time": "2016-10-24T17:11:27+02:00"
           },
           "ietf-ip:ipv4": {
             "forwarding": true,
             "mtu": 1500,
             "address": [
               {
                 "ip": "192.0.2.1",
                 "prefix-length": 24
               }
             ]
           }
         }
       ]
     },
     "ietf-routing:routing": {
       "router-id": "203.0.113.1",
       "interfaces": {
         "interface": [
           "eth1"
         ]
       },
       "control-plane-protocols": {
         "control-plane-protocol": [
           {
             "type": "ietf-rip:rip",
             "name": "ripv2-1"
             "ietf-rip:rip": {
               "default-metric": 1,
               "next-triggered-update": 5
               "interfaces": {
                 "interface": [
                   {
                     "interface": "eth1",
                     "oper-status": "up",



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                     "cost": 1,
                     "split-horizon": "poison-reverse",
                     "valid-address": true
                   }
                 ]
               },
               "ipv4" {
                 "neighbors": {
                   "neighbor": [
                     {
                       "address": "192.0.2.2"
                     }
                   ]
                 }
                 "routes": {
                   "route": [
                     {
                       "ipv4-prefix": "192.0.2.1/24",
                       "interface": "eth1",
                       "redistributed": true,
                       "route-type": "connected",
                       "metric": 0,
                       "expire-time": 22
                     },
                     {
                       "ipv4-prefix": "198.51.100.0/24",
                       "next-hop": "192.0.2.2",
                       "interface": "eth1",
                       "redistributed": false,
                       "route-type": "rip",
                       "metric": 1,
                       "expire-time": 82
                     }
                   ]
                 }
               },
               "statistics": {
                 "discontinuity-time": "2016-10-24T17:11:27+02:00",
                 "requests-rcvd": 523,
                 "requests-sent": 262,
                 "responses-rcvd": 261,
                 "responses-sent": 523
               }
             }
           }
         ]
       }
     }



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   }


Authors' Addresses

   Xufeng Liu
   Jabil
   8281 Greensboro Drive, Suite 200
   McLean  VA 22102
   USA

   EMail: Xufeng_Liu@jabil.com


   Prateek Sarda
   Ericsson
   Fern Icon, Survey No 28 and 36/5, Doddanakundi Village
   Bangalore  Karnataka 560037
   India

   EMail: prateek.sarda@ericsson.com


   Vikram Choudhary
   Individual
   Bangalore  560066
   India

   EMail: vikschw@gmail.com






















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