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Versions: (draft-ietf-sipcore-sip-authn) 00 01 02 03

SIP Core                                                  R. Shekh-Yusef
Internet-Draft                                                     Avaya
Updates: 3261 (if approved)                                  C. Holmberg
Intended status: Standards Track                                Ericsson
Expires: April 14, 2020                                       V. Pascual
                                                             webrtchacks
                                                        October 12, 2019


  Third-Party Token-based Authentication and Authorization for Session
                       Initiation Protocol (SIP)
                 draft-ietf-sipcore-sip-token-authnz-03

Abstract

   This document defines a mechanism for SIP, that is based on the OAuth
   2.0 and OpenID Connect Core 1.0 specifications, to enable the
   delegation of the user authentication and SIP registration
   authorization to a dedicated third-party entity that is separate from
   the SIP network elements that provide the SIP service.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on April 14, 2020.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect



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   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

   This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF
   Contributions published or made publicly available before November
   10, 2008.  The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this
   material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow
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   Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling
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   outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative works of it may
   not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format
   it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other
   than English.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
     1.1.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.2.  SIP User Agent Types  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  SIP Procedures  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.1.  UAC Behavior  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
       2.1.1.  Obtaining Tokens  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
       2.1.2.  Protecting the Access Token . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
       2.1.3.  REGISTER Request  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
       2.1.4.  Non-REGISTER Request  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     2.2.  UAS and Registrar Behavior  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     2.3.  Proxy Behavior  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   3.  WWW-Authenticate Response Header Field  . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   4.  'sip.token' Media Feature Tag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   5.  Example Flows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     5.1.  Registration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     5.2.  Registration with Pre-Configured AS . . . . . . . . . . .  10
   6.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
   7.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     7.1.  SIP Media Feaure Tag  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       7.1.1.  sip.token . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
   8.  Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
   9.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  13
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14

1.  Introduction

   The SIP protocol [RFC3261] uses the framework used by the HTTP
   protocol for authenticating users, which is a simple challenge-
   response authentication mechanism that allows a server to challenge a



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   client request and allows a client to provide authentication
   information in response to that challenge.

   OAuth 2.0 [RFC6749] defines a token based authorization framework to
   allow clients to access resources on behalf of their user.

   The OpenID Connect 1.0 [OPENID] specifications defines a simple
   identity layer on top of the OAuth 2.0 protocol, which enables
   clients to verify the identity of the user based on the
   authentication performed by a dedicated authorization server, as well
   as to obtain basic profile information about the user.

   This document defines an mechanism for SIP, that is based on the
   OAuth 2.0 and OpenID Connect Core 1.0 specifications, to enable the
   delegation of the user authentication and SIP registration
   authorization to a dedicated third-party entity that is separate from
   the SIP network elements that provide the SIP service.


1.1.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].


1.2.  SIP User Agent Types

   [RFC6749] defines two types of clients, confidential and public, that
   apply to the SIP User Agents.

   o  Confidential User Agent: is a SIP UA that is capable of
      maintaining the confidentiality of the user credentials and any
      tokens obtained using these user credentials.

   o  Public User Agent: is a SIP UA that is incapable of maintainings
      the confidentiality of the user credentials and any obtained
      tokens.













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2.  SIP Procedures

   Section 22 of [RFC3261] defines the SIP procedures for the Digest
   authentication mechanism procedures.  The same procedures apply to
   the Bearer authentication mechanism, with the changes described in
   this section.


2.1.  UAC Behavior


2.1.1.  Obtaining Tokens

   When a UAC sends a request without credentials (or with credentials
   that are no longer valid), and receives a 401 (Unauthorized) or a 407
   (Proxy Authentication Required) response that contains a WWW-
   Authenticate header field (in case of a 401 response) or a Proxy-
   Authenticate header field (in case of a 407 response) that indicates
   "Bearer" scheme authentication and contains an address to an
   Authorization Server, the UAC contacts the Authorization Server in
   order to obtain tokens.  The tokens returned to the UA depend on the
   type of server: with an OAuth AS, the tokens provided are the access
   token and refresh token.  With an OpenID Connect server, an
   additional ID-Token is returned, which contains the SIP URI and other
   user specific details.  The method used to authenticate the user and
   obtain these tokens is out of scope for this document, with one
   potential method is the Native App mechanism defined in [RFC8252].

   NOTE: The address of the Authorization Server might be known to the
   UAC e.g., using means of configuration, in which case the UAC can
   contact the Authorization Server in order to obtain the access token
   before it sends SIP request without credentials.


2.1.2.  Protecting the Access Token

   [RFC6749] mandates that Access Tokens are protected with TLS when in
   transit.  However, TLS only guarantees hop-to-hop protection when
   used to protect SIP signaling.  Therefore the Access Token MUST be
   protected in a way so that only authorized SIP servers will have
   access to it.  Endpoints that support this specifications MUST
   support encrypted JSON Web Tokens (JWT) [RFC7519] for encoding and
   protecting Access Token when included in SIP requests, unless some
   other mechanism is used to guarantee that only authorized SIP
   endpoints have access to the Access Token.






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2.1.3.  REGISTER Request

   The procedures in this section assumes that the UAC has obtained a
   token as specified in section Section 2.1.1

   When a UAC sends a REGISTER request in order to create a binding, it
   MUST include an Authorization headerf field with a Bearer scheme,
   carrying the access token, in the request, as specified in [RFC6750].
   Based on local policy, the UAC MAY include an access token that has
   been used for another binding associated with the same AOR in the
   request.

   When the UAC sends a binding refresh REGISTER request, it SHOULD
   include an Authorization header field with either the access token
   previously used for the binding, or a new access token (obtained
   using the refresh token) if the previous one has expired.

   If the access token included in a REGISTER request is not accepted,
   and the UAC receives a 401 response or a 407 response, the UAC
   follows the procedures in Section 2.1.1.


2.1.4.  Non-REGISTER Request

   The procedures in this section assumes that the UAC has obtained a
   token as specified in section Section 2.1.1

   When a UAC sends a request in order to initiate a SIP dialog, or
   sends a stand-alone request, the UAC MUST include an Authorization
   header field with a Bearer scheme, carrying the access token, in the
   request, as specified in [RFC6750].  Based on local policy, the UAC
   MAY include an access token that has been used for another dialog, or
   for another stand-alone request, if the target of the new request is
   the same.

   When the UAC sends a mid-dialog request, the UAC SHOULD include an
   Authorization header field with either the access token previously
   used within the dialog, or with a new access token if the previous
   one has expired or the UAC refreshed the access token before its
   expiry time.

   If the access token included in a request is not accepted, and the
   UAC receives a 401 response or a 407 response, the UAC follows the
   procedures in Section 2.1.1.







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2.2.  UAS and Registrar Behavior

   When a UAS or a Registrar receives a SIP request that does not
   contain an Authorization header field with a valid access token, and
   the UAS/Proxy decides to challenge the originator of the request, the
   proxy MUST challenge the request and send a 401 (Unauthorized)
   response.  The UAS/Proxy MUST include a Proxy-Authentication header
   field in the response, indicate "Bearer" scheme and include an
   address to an Authorization Server from there the originator can
   obtain an access token.

   When a UAS/Registrar receives a SIP request that contains an
   Authorization header field with an access token, the UAS/Registrar
   MUST validate the access token, using the procedures associated with
   the type of access token used.  If the validation is successful the
   UAS/Registrar can continue to process the request using normal SIP
   procedures.  If the validation fails, the UAS/Registrar MUST reject
   the request.


2.3.  Proxy Behavior

   When a proxy receives a SIP request that does not contain a Proxy-
   Authorization header field with a valid access token, and the proxy
   decides to challenge the originator of the request, the proxy MUST
   challenge the request and send a 407 (Proxy Authentication Required)
   response.  The proxy MUST include a Proxy-Authentication header field
   in the response, indicate "Bearer" scheme and include an address to
   an Authorization Server from there the originator can obtain an
   access token.

   When a proxy receives a SIP request that contains an Proxy-
   Authorization header field with an access token, and the proxy has
   previously challenged the originator of the request, the proxy MUST
   validate the access token, using the procedures associated with the
   type of access token used.  If the validation is successful the proxy
   can continue to process the request using normal SIP procedure.  If
   the validation fails, the UAS/Registrar MUST reject the request.


3.  WWW-Authenticate Response Header Field

   This section describes the syntax of the WWW-Authenticate Response
   Header Field when used with the Bearer scheme to challenge the UA for
   credentials.






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       challenge  =/  ("Bearer" LWS bearer-cln *(COMMA bearer-cln))
       bearer-cln = realm / scope / authz-server / error /
                    auth-param
       authz-server = "authz_server" EQUAL authz-server-value
       authz-server-value = quoted-string


   The realm and auth-param parameters are defined in [RFC3261].

   As per [RFC3261], the realm string alone defines the protection
   domain.  [RFC3261] states that the realm string must be globally
   unique and recommends that the realm string contains a hostname or
   domain name.  It also states that the realm string should be human-
   readable identifier that can be rendered to the user.

   The scope and error parameters are defined in [RFC6749].

   The scope parameter could be used by the registrar/proxy to indicate
   to the UAC the minimum scope that must be associated with the access
   token to be able to get service.  As defined in [RFC6749], the value
   of the scope parameter is expressed as a list of space-delimited,
   case-sensitive strings.  The strings are defined by the authorization
   server.  The values of the scope parameter is out of scope for this
   document.

   The error parameter could be used by the registrar/proxy to indicate
   to the UAC the reason for the error, with possible values of
   "invalid_token" or "invalid_scope".


4.  'sip.token' Media Feature Tag

   The sip.token media feature tag, when inserted in the Contact header
   field of a SIP REGISTER request, conveys that the SIP UA associated
   with the tag supports a token based authentication mechanism, where
   the user authentication and SIP registration authorization is
   performed by a third party.  The media feature tag has no values.

   token-mt = "+sip.token"












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5.  Example Flows

5.1.  Registration

   The figure belows show an example of a SIP registration, where the UA
   is informed about the Authorization Server (AS) from where to obtain
   an access token by the registratar in a 401 response to the REGISTER
   request.


     UA                          Registrar                          AS
   ---------------------------------------------------------------------
     |                               |                               |
     | [1] REGISTER                  |                               |
     |------------------------------>|                               |
     |                               |                               |
     | [2] 401 Unauthorized          |                               |
     |     WWW-Authenticate: Bearer "authz_server"="<authz_server>"  |
     |<------------------------------|                               |
     |                               |                               |
     | [3] The UA colects the user AS credentials                    |
     |                               |                               |
     | [4] HTTP POST /token          |                               |
     |- - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ->|
     |                               |                               |
     | [5] 200 OK {access_token, refresh_token, [id_token]}          |
     |<- - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -|
     |                               |                               |
     | [6] REGISTER                  |                               |
     |     Authorization: Bearer <access_token>                      |
     |------------------------------>|                               |
     |                               | [7] HTTP POST /introspect     |
     |                               |     {access_token}            |
     |                               |------------------------------>|
     |                               |                               |
     |                               | [8] 200 OK {metadata}         |
     |                               |<------------------------------|
     |                               |                               |
     | [9] 200 OK                    |                               |
     |<------------------------------|                               |
     |                               |                               |


   In step [1], the UA starts the registration process by sending a SIP
   REGISTER request to the registrar without any credentials.  The
   REGISTER request includes an indication that the UA supports token-
   based autentication, using a sip.token media feature tag.




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   In step [2], the registrar challenges the UA, by sending a SIP 401
   (Unauthorized) response to the REGISTER request.  In the response the
   registrar includes information about the AS to contact in order to
   obtain a token.

   In step [3], the UA collects the user credentials associated with the
   AS.

   In steps [4] and [5], the UA contacts the AS in order to authenticate
   the user and to obtain tokens to be used to get access to the SIP
   network.

   The tokens returned to the UA depend on the type of server: with an
   OAuth AS, the tokens provided are the access token and refresh token.
   With an OpenID Connect server, an additional ID-Token is returned,
   which contains the SIP URI of the user.  The method used to
   authenticate the user and obtain these tokens is out of scope for
   this document.

   In step [6], the UA retries the registration process by sending a new
   SIP REGISTER request that includes the access token that the UA
   obtrained in steps [10] and [11].

   The registrar validates the access token.  If the access token is a
   reference token, the registrar MAY perform an introspection, as in
   steps [7] and [8], in order to obtain more information about the
   access token and its scope, as per [RFC7662].  Otherwise, after the
   registrar validates the token to make sure it was signed by a trusted
   entity, it inspects its claims and act upon it.

   In step [9], once the registrar has succesfully verified and accepted
   the access token, it sends a 200 (OK) response to the REGISTER
   request.


















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5.2.  Registration with Pre-Configured AS

   The figure belows show an example of a SIP registration, where the UA
   is has pre-configured information about the Authorization Server (AS)
   from where to obtain the access token.

     UA                          Registrar                          AS
   ---------------------------------------------------------------------
     |                               |                               |
     | [1] The UA collects the user AS credentials                   |
     |                               |                               |
     | [2] HTTP POST /token          |                               |
     |- - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ->|
     |                               |                               |
     | [3] 200 OK {access_token, refresh_token, [id_token]}          |
     |<- - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -|
     |                               |                               |
     |                               |                               |
     | [4] REGISTER                  |                               |
     |     Authorization: Bearer <access_token>                      |
     |------------------------------>|                               |
     |                               | [5] HTTP POST /introspect     |
     |                               |     {access_token}            |
     |                               |------------------------------>|
     |                               |                               |
     |                               | [6] 200 OK {metadata}         |
     |                               |<------------------------------|
     |                               |                               |
     | [7] 200 OK                    |                               |
     |<------------------------------|                               |
     |                               |                               |


   In step [1], the UA collects the user credentials associated with the
   AS.

   In steps [2] and [3], the UA contacts the AS in order to authenticate
   the user and to obtain tokens to be used to get access to the SIP
   network.

   The tokens returned to the UA depend on the type of server: with an
   OAuth AS, the tokens provided are the access token and refresh token.
   With an OpenID Connect server, an additional ID-Token is returned,
   which contains the SIP URI of the user.  The method used to
   authenticate the user and obtain these tokens is out of scope for
   this document.





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   In step [4], the UA retries the registration process by sending a new
   SIP REGISTER request that includes the access token that the UA
   obtrained in steps [10] and [11].

   The registrar validates the access token.  If the access token is a
   reference token, the registrar MAY perform an introspection, as in
   steps [5] and [6], in order to obtain more information about the
   access token and its scope, as per [RFC7662].  Otherwise, after the
   registrar validates the token to make sure it was signed by a trusted
   entity, it inspects its claims and act upon it.

   In step [7], once the registrar has succesfully verified and accepted
   the access token, it sends a 200 (OK) response to the REGISTER
   request.


6.  Security Considerations

   The security considerations for OAuth are defined in [RFC6749].  The
   security considerations for bearer tokens are defined in [RFC6750].
   The security considerations for JSON Web Tokens (JWT) are defined in
   [RFC7519].  These security considerations also apply to SIP usage of
   access token as defined in this document.

   [RFC6749] mandates that Access Tokens are protected with TLS.
   However, TLS only guarantees hop-to-hop protection when used to
   protect SIP signaling.  Therefore the Access Token MUST be protected
   in a way so that only authorized SIP endpoints will have access to
   it.  Endpoints that support this specifications MUST support
   encrypted JSON Web Tokens (JWT) [RFC7519] for encoding and protecting
   Access Token when included in SIP requests, unless some other
   mechanism is used to guarantee that only authorized SIP endpoints
   have access to the Access Token.


















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7.  IANA Considerations

7.1.  SIP Media Feaure Tag

7.1.1.  sip.token

   This section defines a new media feature tag that extends the "SIP
   Media Feature Tag Registration Tree" subregistry [RFC3840] under the
   "Media Feature Tags" registry (https://www.iana.org/assignments/
   media-feature-tags).

    Media feature tag name: sip.token

    Summary of the media feature indicated by this feature tag: This
        media feature tag, when inserted in the Contact header field
        of a SIP REGISTER request, conveys that the SIP UA associated
        with the tag supports a token based authentication mechanism,
        where the user authentication and SIP registration authorization
        is performed by a third party.

     Values appropriate for use with this feature tag: none

     Related standards or documents: RFC XXXX

     Security considerations: This media feature tag does not introduce
        new security considerations, as it simply indicates support for
        a basic SIP feature. However, if an attacker manages to remove
        the media feature tag from a SIP REGISTER request, the SIP UA
        that inserted it might not be able to authenticate itself with
        the SIP registrar to which the SIP request is addressed, as the
        SIP registrar might not be aware that the SIP UA supports the
        feature associated with the media feature tag.

     Contact: IESG (iesg@ietf.org)



8.  Acknowledgments

   The authors would also like to thank the following for their review
   and feedback on this document:

   Paul Kyzivat, Olle Johansson, Roman Shpount, and Dale Worley.

   The authors would also like to thank the following for their review
   and feedback of the original document that was replaced with this
   document:




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   Andrew Allen, Martin Dolly, Keith Drage, Paul Kyzivat, Jon Peterson,
   Michael Procter, Roy Radhika, Matt Ryan, Ivo Sedlacek, Roman Shpount,
   Robert Sparks, Asveren Tolga, and Dale Worley.


9.  Normative References

   [OPENID]   Sakimura, N., Bradley, J., Jones, M., de Medeiros, B., and
              C. Mortimore, "OpenID Connect Core 1.0", February 2014.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC3261]  Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston,
              A., Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M., and E.
              Schooler, "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3261, June 2002,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3261>.

   [RFC3840]  Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., and P. Kyzivat,
              "Indicating User Agent Capabilities in the Session
              Initiation Protocol (SIP)", RFC 3840,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3840, August 2004,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3840>.

   [RFC6749]  Hardt, D., Ed., "The OAuth 2.0 Authorization Framework",
              RFC 6749, DOI 10.17487/RFC6749, October 2012,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6749>.

   [RFC6750]  Jones, M. and D. Hardt, "The OAuth 2.0 Authorization
              Framework: Bearer Token Usage", RFC 6750,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6750, October 2012,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6750>.

   [RFC7231]  Fielding, R., Ed. and J. Reschke, Ed., "Hypertext Transfer
              Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Semantics and Content", RFC 7231,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7231, June 2014,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7231>.

   [RFC7519]  Jones, M., Bradley, J., and N. Sakimura, "JSON Web Token
              (JWT)", RFC 7519, DOI 10.17487/RFC7519, May 2015,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7519>.







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   [RFC7523]  Jones, M., Campbell, B., and C. Mortimore, "JSON Web Token
              (JWT) Profile for OAuth 2.0 Client Authentication and
              Authorization Grants", RFC 7523, DOI 10.17487/RFC7523, May
              2015, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7523>.

   [RFC7662]  Richer, J., Ed., "OAuth 2.0 Token Introspection",
              RFC 7662, DOI 10.17487/RFC7662, October 2015,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7662>.

   [RFC8252]  Denniss, W. and J. Bradley, "OAuth 2.0 for Native Apps",
              BCP 212, RFC 8252, DOI 10.17487/RFC8252, October 2017,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8252>.

Authors' Addresses

   Rifaat Shekh-Yusef
   Avaya
   425 Legget Drive
   Ottawa, Ontario
   Canada

   Phone: +1-613-595-9106
   EMail: rifaat.ietf@gmail.com


   Christer Holmberg
   Ericsson
   Hirsalantie 11
   Jorvas  02420
   Finland

   EMail: christer.holmberg@ericsson.com


   Victor Pascual
   webrtchacks
   Spain

   EMail: victor.pascual.avila@gmail.com












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