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INTERNET DRAFT                                    Donald E. Eastlake 3rd
                                                   Motorola Laboratories
Expires July 2003                                           January 2003

             Electronic Commerce Modeling Language (ECML):
                        Version 2 Specification

Status of this Memo

   This draft is intended to become a Proposed Standard.  Distribution
   of this document is unlimited. Comments should be sent to the authors
   or the IETF TRADE working group <ietf-trade@lists.elistx.com>.

   This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with
   all provisions of Section 10 of RFC 2026.  Internet-Drafts are
   working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its
   areas, and its working groups.  Note that other groups may also
   distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet- Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at

   The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at

"Copyright Notice"

   Copyright (C) 2003, The Internet Society.  All Rights Reserved.


   Electronic commerce frequently requires a substantial exchange of
   information in order to complete a purchase or other transaction,
   especially the first time the parties communicate. A standard set of
   hierarchically organized payment related information fields in an XML
   syntax are defined as the second version of an Electronic Commerce
   Modeling Language (ECML) so that this task can be more easily
   automated, for example by wallet software.

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   Jon Parsons, David Shepherd, Lauri Piikivi, and Ray Bellis
   contributed to the material herein.

Table of Contents

      Status of this Memo........................................1

      Table of Contents..........................................2

      1. Introduction............................................3
      1.2 Relationship to Other Standards........................3
      2. Field Definitions and DTD...............................4
      2.1 Field List and Descriptions............................4
      2.1.1 Field List...........................................4
      2.1.2 Field Foot Notes.....................................8
      2.2 ECML v2 XML DTD.......................................12

      3. Usage Notes for ECML v2................................18
      3.1 Presentation of the Fields............................18
      3.2 Methods and Flow of Setting the Fields................18
      4. Security and Privacy Considerations....................19

      Informative References....................................21
      Normative References......................................21
      Appendix: Changes from v1.1 to v2.........................22

      Full Copyright Statement..................................23

      Author's Address..........................................24
      File name and Expiration..................................24

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1. Introduction

   Today, numerous parties are successfully conducting business on the
   Internet using ad hoc fields and forms. The data formats and
   structure can vary considerably from one party to another. Where
   forms are filled out manually, many users find the diversity
   confusing and the process of manually filling in these forms to be
   tedious and error prone.

   Software tools including electronic wallets can help this situation.
   Such tools can assist in conducting online transactions by storing
   billing, shipping, payment, preference, and similar information and
   using this information to automatically complete the data sets
   required by interactions.  For example, software that fills out forms
   has been successfully built into browsers, as proxy servers, as
   helper applications to browsers, as stand-alone applications, as
   browser plug-ins, and as server-based applications.  But the
   proliferation of more automated transactions software has been
   hampered by the lack of standards.

   ECML (Electronic Commerce Modeling Language) provides a set of
   hierarchical payment oriented data structures that will enable
   automated software, including electronic wallets, from multiple
   vendors to supply and query for needed data in a more uniform manner.

   Version 2.0 extends Version 1.0 [RFC 2706] and 1.1 [RFC 3106] as
   described in the Appendix to this document.  These enhancements
   include support for additional payment mechanisms and transaction
   information and use of XML as the exemplar syntax.

   Likely uses for ECML v2 are consumer payment information input and
   business-to-business transactions. The first is, for some time into
   the future, likely to occur through HTML forms. The second is more
   likely to use XML documents.

   This is an open standard. ECML is designed to be simple.

1.2 Relationship to Other Standards

   The ECML fields were initially derived from the W3C P3P base data
   schema [P3P BASE] by the ECML Alliance.  Technical development and
   change control of ECML has now been transferred to the IETF.  In
   version 2, ECML is extended by the fields in a W3C P3P Note related
   to eCommerce [P3P ECOM], by [ISO 8583], and by other sources.  Its
   primary form is an XML syntax.

   ECML Version 2.0 is not a replacement or alternative to TLS/SSL [RFC
   2246], SET [SET], EMV [EMV], XML [XML], or IOTP [RFC 2801]. These are

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   important standards that provide functionality such as
   confidentiality, non-repudiatable transactions, automatable payment
   scheme selection, and smart card support.

2. Field Definitions and DTD

   The ECML Standard is the definition and naming of a hierarchically
   structured set of fields and the provision of an XML syntax for their
   transmission.  These fields can be encoded in other syntaxes and
   transmitted via a variety of protocols.

   Section 2.1 below lists and describes the fields and Section 2.2
   provides an XML DTD for use with the fields.

   To conform to this standard, field names MUST be structured and named
   as closely to the structure and naming listed below as practical
   given the syntax and transaction protocol in use.  (Note: this does
   not impose any restriction on human visible labeling of fields, just
   on their names as used in communication.)

2.1 Field List and Descriptions

   The fields are listed below along with the minimum data entry size to
   allow.  Implementations are permitted to allow larger data sizes,
   where that makes sense, and for some application will need to allow
   for larger data sizes. Note that these fields are hierarchically
   organized as indicated in this table by the embedded underscore ("_")
   characters.  Appropriate data transmission mechanisms may use this to
   request and send aggregates, such as Ecom_Payment_Card_ExpDate to
   encompass all the date components or Ecom_ShipTo to encompass all the
   ship to address components that a consumer is willing to provide.
   The labeling, marshalling, unmarshalling of the components of such
   aggregates depends on the data transfer protocol used.  The
   RECOMMENDED syntax is XML as described in Section 2.2.

2.1.1 Field List

   IMPORTANT NOTE: "MIN" in the table below is the MINIMUM DATA SIZE TO
         ALLOW FOR ON DATA ENTRY.  It is NOT the minimum size for valid
         contents of the field and merchant software should, in most
         cases, be prepared to receive a longer or shorter value.
         Merchant dealing with areas where, for example, the
         state/province name or phone number is longer than the "Min"
         given below must obviously permit longer data entry.  In some

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         cases, however, there is a maximum size that makes sense and
         where this is the case, it is usually documented in a Note for
         the field.

         The following fields are used to communicate from the customer
         to the merchant:

    FIELD                       NAME                         Min  Notes

 ship to title             Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Name_Prefix       4  ( 1)
 ship to first name        Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Name_First       15
 ship to middle name       Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Name_Middle      15  ( 2)
 ship to last name         Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Name_Last        15
 ship to name suffix       Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Name_Suffix       4  ( 3)
 ship to company name      Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Company          20
 ship to street line1      Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Street_Line1     20  ( 4)
 ship to street line2      Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Street_Line2     20  ( 4)
 ship to street line3      Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_Street_Line3     20  ( 4)
 ship to city              Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_City             22
 ship to state/province    Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_StateProv         2  ( 5)
 ship to zip/postal code   Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_PostalCode       14  ( 6)
 ship to country           Ecom_ShipTo_Postal_CountryCode       2  ( 7)
 ship to phone             Ecom_ShipTo_Telecom_Phone_Number    10  ( 8)
 ship to email             Ecom_ShipTo_Online_Email            40  ( 9)

 bill to title             Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Name_Prefix       4  ( 1)
 bill to first name        Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Name_First       15
 bill to middle name       Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Name_Middle      15  ( 2)
 bill to last name         Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Name_Last        15
 bill to name suffix       Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Name_Suffix       4  ( 3)
 bill to company name      Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Company          20
 bill to street line1      Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Street_Line1     20  ( 4)
 bill to street line2      Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Street_Line2     20  ( 4)
 bill to street line3      Ecom_BillTo_Postal_Street_Line3     20  ( 4)
 bill to city              Ecom_BillTo_Postal_City             22
 bill to state/province    Ecom_BillTo_Postal_StateProv         2  ( 5)
 bill to zip/postal code   Ecom_BillTo_Postal_PostalCode       14  ( 6)
 bill to country           Ecom_BillTo_Postal_CountryCode       2  ( 7)
 bill to phone             Ecom_BillTo_Telecom_Phone_Number    10  ( 8)
 bill to email             Ecom_BillTo_Online_Email            40  ( 9)

 receipt to                                                        (32)
 receipt to title          Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Name_Prefix    4  ( 1)
 receipt to first name     Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Name_First    15
 receipt to middle name    Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Name_Middle   15  ( 2)
 receipt to last name      Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Name_Last     15
 receipt to name suffix    Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Name_Suffix    4  ( 3)
 receipt to company name   Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Company       20
 receipt to street line1   Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Street_Line1  20  ( 4)
 receipt to street line2   Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Street_Line2  20  ( 4)

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 receipt to street line3   Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_Street_Line3  20  ( 4)
 receipt to city           Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_City          22
 receipt to state/province Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_StateProv      2  ( 5)
 receipt to postal code    Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_PostalCode    14  ( 6)
 receipt to country        Ecom_ReceiptTo_Postal_CountryCode    2  ( 7)
 receipt to phone          Ecom_ReceiptTo_Telecom_Phone_Number 10  ( 8)
 receipt to email          Ecom_ReceiptTo_Online_Email         40  ( 9)

 name on card              Ecom_Payment_Card_Name              30  (10)

 card type                 Ecom_Payment_Card_Type               4  (11)
 card number               Ecom_Payment_Card_Number            19  (12)
 card verification value   Ecom_Payment_Card_Verification       4  (13)
 card issuer number        Ecom_Payment_Card_IssueNumber        2  (53)

 card expire date day      Ecom_Payment_Card_ExpDate_Day        2  (14)
 card expire date month    Ecom_Payment_Card_ExpDate_Month      2  (15)
 card expire date year     Ecom_Payment_Card_ExpDate_Year       4  (16)
 card valid date day       Ecom_Payment_Card_ValidFrom_Day      2  (14)
 card valid date month     Ecom_Payment_Card_ValidFrom_Month    2  (15)
 card valid date year      Ecom_Payment_Card_ValidFrom_Year     4  (16)

 card protocols            Ecom_Payment_Card_Protocol          20  (17)

 loyalty card name         Ecom_Loyalty_Card_Name              30  (10)
 loyalty card type         Ecom_Loyalty_Card_Type              20  (52)
 loyalty card number       Ecom_Loyalty_Card_Number            40  (34)
 loyalty card verification Ecom_Loyalty_Card_Verification       4  (13)
 loyalty card expire day   Ecom_Loyalty_Card_ExpDate_Day        2  (14)
 loyalty card expire month Ecom_Loyalty_Card_ExpDate_Month      2  (15)
 loyalty card expire year  Ecom_Loyalty_Card_ExpDate_Year       2  (16)
 loyalty card valid day    Ecom_Loyalty_Card_ValidFrom_Day      2  (14)
 loyalty card valid month  Ecom_Loyalty_Card_ValidFrom_Month    2  (15)
 loyalty card valid year   Ecom_Loyalty_Card_ValidFrom_Year     4  (16)

 consumer order ID         Ecom_ConsumerOrderID                20  (18)

 user ID                   Ecom_User_ID                        40  (19)
 user password             Ecom_User_Password                  20  (19)
 user certificate          Ecom_User_Certificate_URL          128  (35)
 user data country         Ecom_UserData_Country                2  ( 7)

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 user data language        Ecom_UserData_Language              30  (33)
 user data gender          Ecom_UserData_Gender                 1  (36)
 user data birth day       Ecom_UserData_BirthDate_Day          2  (14)
 user data birth month     Ecom_UserData_BirthDate_Month        2  (15)
 user data birth year      Ecom_UserData_BirthDate_Year         4  (16)
 user data preferences     Ecom_UserData_Preferences           60  (34)

 schema version            Ecom_SchemaVersion                  30  (20)

 wallet id                 Ecom_WalletID                       40  (21)
 wallet URL                Ecom_Wallet_Location               128  (35)

 customer device ID        Ecom_Device_ID                      20  (37)
 customer device type      Ecom_Device_Type                    20  (38)

 end transaction flag      Ecom_TransactionComplete             -  (22)

   The following fields are used to communicate from the merchant to the

    FIELD                       NAME                         Min  Notes

 merchant home domain      Ecom_Merchant                      128  (23)
 processor home domain     Ecom_Processor                     128  (24)
 transaction identifier    Ecom_Transaction_ID                128  (25)
 transaction URL inquiry   Ecom_Transaction_Inquiry           500  (26)
 transaction amount        Ecom_Transaction_Amount            128  (27)
 transaction currency      Ecom_Transaction_CurrencyCode        3  (28)
 transaction date          Ecom_Transaction_Date               80  (29)
 transaction type          Ecom_Transaction_Type               24  (30)
 transaction signature     Ecom_Transaction_Signature         160  (31)

 end transaction flag      Ecom_TransactionComplete             -  (22)

   The following fields are used to communicate between the merchant and
   the processor:

    FIELD                          NAME                         Min  Notes

 merchant identifier         Ecom_Merchant_ID                     8
 merchant terminal           Ecom_Merchant_Terminal_ID            8  (39)
 merchant terminal data      Ecom_Merchant_Terminal_Data        128
 transaction process code    Ecom_Transaction_ProcessingCode      6  (40)
 transaction reference       Ecom_Transaction_Reference_ID       12
 transaction acquirer        Ecom_Transaction_Acquire_ID         13  (41)
 transaction forward         Ecom_Transaction_Forward_ID         13  (42)
 transaction trace           Ecom_Transaction_Trace_Audit         6  (43)
 transaction effective date  Ecom_Transaction_Effective_Date      4  (44)
 transaction CID             Ecom_Transaction_CID                 8

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 transaction POS             Ecom_Transaction_POSCode            12  (45)
 transaction private use     Ecom_Transaction_PrivateUseData    166
 transaction response        Ecom_Transaction_ResponseData       27
 transaction approval code   Ecom_Transaction_ApprovalCode       12  (46)
 transaction retrieval code  Ecom_Transaction_RetrievalCode     128
 transaction response action Ecom_Transaction_ActionCode         13  (47)
 transaction reason          Ecom_Transaction_ReasonCode          4
 transaction AAV             Ecom_Transaction_AAV                 3
 transaction settlement date Ecom_Transaction_Settle_Date         4  (48)
 transaction capture date    Ecom_Transaction_Capture_Date        4  (49)
 transaction Track 1         Ecom_Transaction_Track1             39  (50)
 transaction Track 2         Ecom_Transaction_Track2             39  (51)

   IMPORTANT NOTE: "MIN" in the table above is the MINIMUM DATA SIZE TO
         ALLOW FOR ON DATA ENTRY.  It is NOT the minimum size for valid
         contents of the field and merchant software should, in most cases, be
         prepared to receive a longer or shorter value.  Merchant dealing with
         areas where, for example, the state/province name or phone number is
         longer than the "Min" given below must obviously permit longer data
         entry.  In some cases, however, there is a maximum size that makes
         sense and this is usually documented in a Note for the field.

2.1.2 Field Foot Notes

   ( 1) For example: Mr., Mrs., Ms., Dr. This field is commonly not used.

   ( 2) May also be used for middle initial.

   ( 3) For example: Ph.D., Jr. (Junior), 3rd, Esq. (Esquire). This field
   is commonly not used.

   ( 4) Address lines must be filled in the order line1, then line2, and
   last line3.

   ( 5) 2 characters are the minimum for the US and Canada,
   other countries may require longer fields.
   For the US use 2 character US Postal state abbreviation.

   ( 6) Minimum field lengths for Postal Code will vary based on
   international market served.  Use 5 character or 5+4 ZIP for the US
   and 6 character postal code for Canada.  The size given, 14, is
   believed to be the maximum required anywhere in the world.

   ( 7) Use [ISO 3166] standard two letter codes.

   ( 8) 10 digits are the minimum for numbers local to the North American
   Numbering Plan (<http://www.nanpa.com>: US, Canada and a number of
   smaller Caribbean and Pacific nations (but not Cuba)), other countries

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   may require longer fields.  Telephone numbers are complicated by
   differing international access codes, variant punctuation of area/city
   codes within countries, confusion caused by the fact that the
   international access code in the NANP region is usually the same as
   the "country code" for that area ("1"), etc.  It will probably be
   necessary to use heuristics or human examination based on the
   telephone number and addresses given to figure out how to actually
   call a customer. It is recommend that an "x" be placed before
   extension numbers.

   ( 9) For example:  jsmith@example.com

   (10) The name of the cardholder.

   (11) Use the first 4 letters of the association name:

           AMER   American Express
           BANK   Bankcard (Australia)
           DC     DC (Japan)
           DINE   Diners Club
           DISC   Discover
           JCB    JCB
           MAST   Mastercard
           NIKO   Nikos (Japan)
           SAIS   Saison (Japan)
           UC     UC (Japan)
           UCAR   UCard (Taiwan)
           VISA   Visa

   (12) Includes the check digit at end but no spaces or hyphens [ISO
   7812].  The Min given, 19, is the longest number permitted under the
   ISO standard.

   (13) An additional cardholder verification number printed on the card
   (but not embossed or recorded on the magnetic stripe) such as
   American Express' CIV, MasterCard's CVC2, and Visa's CVV2 values.

   (14) The day of the month. Values: 1-31.  A leading zero is ignored
   so, for example, 07 is valid for the seventh day of the month.

   (15) The month of the year.  Jan - 1, Feb - 2, March - 3, etc.;
   Values: 1-12.  A leading zero is ignored so, for example, 07 is valid
   for July.

   (16) The value in the wallet cell is always four digits, e.g., 1999,
   2000, 2001, ...

   (17) A space separated list of protocols available in connection with
   the specified card.  Initial list of case insensitive tokens:

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   "Set" indicates usable with SET protocol (i.e., is in a SET wallet)
   but does not have a SET certificate.  "Setcert" indicates usable with
   SET and has a set certificate.  "iotp" indicates the IOTP protocol
   [RFC 2801] is supported at the customer.  "echeck" indicates that the
   eCheck protocol [eCheck] is supported at the customer.  "simcard"
   indicates use the transaction instrument built into a Cellphone
   subscriber for identification.  "phoneid" indicates use the
   transaction instrument of a phone bill instrument.  "None" indicates
   that automatic field fill is operating but there is no SET wallet or
   the card is not entered in any SET wallet.

   (18) A unique order ID generated by the consumer software.

   (19) The user ID and password fields are used in cases where the user
   has a pre-established account with the merchant.

   (20) URI [RFC 2396]] indicating version of this set of fields.
   Usually a hidden field.  Equal to
   "http://ecml.trade.wg.ietf.arpa/version/2.0" for this version.

   (21) A string to identify the source and version of the form fill
   software that is acting on behalf of the user.  Should contain
   company and/or product name and version.  Example "Wallets Inc.,
   SuperFill, v42.7".  Usually a hidden field.

   (22) A flag to indicate that this web-page/aggregate is the final one
   for this transaction.  Usually a hidden field.

   (23) Merchant domain name [RFC 1034] such as www.merchant.example.
   This is usually a hidden field.

   (24) Domain name [RFC 1034] of gateway transaction processor who is
   actually accepting the payment on behalf of the merchant in home
   domain such as www.processor.example.  This is usually a hidden

   (25) A Transaction identification string whose format is specific to
   the processor.  This is usually a hidden field.

   (26) A URL that can be invoked to inquire about the transaction.
   This is usually a hidden field.

   (27) The amount of the transaction in ISO currency format [ISO 4217].

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   This is two integer numbers with a period in between but no other
   currency marks (such as a $ dollar sign).  This is usually a hidden

   (28) This is the three letter ISO currency code [ISO 4217].  For
   example, for US dollars it is USD.  This is usually a hidden field.

   (29) ISO Transaction date.  This is usually a hidden field.

   (30) The type of the transaction if known.  This is usually a hidden
   field. Currently a value from the following list

   (31) The signature of the encoded certificate.  This is usually a
   hidden field.

   (32) The ReceiptTo fields are used when the BillTo entity, location,
   or address and the ReceipTo entity, location, or address are
   different.  For example, when using some forms of Corporate
   Purchasing Cards or Agent Purchasing Cards, the individual card
   holder would be in the ReceiptTo fields and the corporate or other
   owner would be in the BillTo fields.

   (33) An IETF Language Tag as defined in [RFC 3066].

   (34) ASCII [ASCII] character string with no leading or trailing white

   (35) Uniform Resource Locator [RFC 2396].

   (36) A single capital letter, M=male, F=Female, N=Neuter,
   H=Hermaphrodite, U=Unknown.

   (37) An immutable device identification or serial number (34).

   (38) User understandable device brand name (34).

   (39) ISO 8583 field "card acceptor terminal identification".

   (40) ISO 8583 field "processing code".

   (41) ISO 8583 field "acquiring institution identification code".

   (42) ISO 8583 field "forwarding institution identification code".

   (43) ISO 8583 field "system trace audit field".

   (44) ISO 8583 field "date effective".

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   (45) ISO 8583 field "point of sale date code".

   (46) ISO 8583 field "approval code".

   (47) ISO 8583 field "action code".

   (48) ISO 8583 field "date settlement".

   (49) ISO 8583 field "date capture".

   (50) ISO 8583 field "trace 1 data".

   (51) ISO 8583 field "trace 2 data".

   (52) User recognizable loyalty card brand name.

   (53) The card issue number required by the UK based Switch and Solo


   For internationalization of ECML, use the general XML character
   encoding provisions [XML], which mandate support of UTF-8 and UTF-16
   and permit support of other character sets, and the xml:lang
   attribute which may be used to specify language information.

   <!-- Electronic Commerce Modeling Language v2 -->

   <!ELEMENT Ecom ( #PCDATA | ShipTo | BillTo | ReceiptTo | Payment |
                    Loyalty | User | Merchant | Transaction |
                    TransactionComplete )* >
   <!ATTLIST Ecom
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             ConsumerOrderID CDATA #IMPLIED
             Merchant  CDATA      #IMPLIED
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Processor CDATA      #IMPLIED
             SchemaVersion "http://ecml.trade.wg.ietf.arpa/version/2.0"
             WalletID  CDATA      #IMPLIED
             WalletLocation CDATA #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT ShipTo ( #PCDATA | Postal | Telecom | Online )* >
   <!ATTLIST ShipTo
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT BillTo  ( #PCDATA | Postal | Telecom | Online )* >

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   <!ATTLIST BillTo
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT ReceiptTo ( #PCDATA | Postal | Telecom | Online )* >
   <!ATTLIST ReceiptTo
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Postal ( #PCDATA | Name | Company |
                                Street | City | StateProv )* >
   <!ATTLIST Postal
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             PostalCode NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             CountryCode NMTOKEN  #IMPLIED >

   <!ATTLIST Name
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Prefix    NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED
             First     NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED
             Middle    NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED
             Last      NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED
             Suffix    NMTOKEN    #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Street EMPTY >
   <!ATTLIST Street
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Line1     CDATA      #REQUIRED
             Line2     CDATA      #IMPLIED
             Line3     CDATA      #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Company (#PCDATA) >
   <!ATTLIST Company
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT City (#PCDATA) >
   <!ATTLIST City
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT StateProv (#PCDATA) >
   <!ATTLIST StateProv
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Telecom ( #PCDATA | Phone )* >
   <!ATTLIST Telecom
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

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   <!ELEMENT Phone EMPTY >
   <!ATTLIST Phone
             id         ID        #IMPLIED
             Mode       (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Number     CDATA     #REQUIRED >

   <!ELEMENT Online ( #PCDATA | Email )* >
   <!ATTLIST Online
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Email EMPTY >
   <!ATTLIST Email
             id         ID        #IMPLIED
             Mode       (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Address    CDATA     #REQUIRED >

   <!ELEMENT Payment Card >
   <!ATTLIST Payment
             Mode       (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Card ExpDate ValidDate? >
   <!ATTLIST Card
             id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Mode       (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Name        CDATA     #IMPLIED
             Type        NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Number      NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED
             Protocols   NMTOKENS  #IMPLIED
             Verification NMTOKEN  #IMPLIED
             Issuer      NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Loyalty ExpDate? ValidDate? >
   <!ATTLIST Loyalty
             id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Mode        (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Name        CDATA     #IMPLIED
             Type        NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Number      NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED
             Verification NMTOKEN  #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT ExpDate EMPTY >
   <!ATTLIST ExpDate
             id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Mode        (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Day         NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Month       NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED
             Year        NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED >

   <!ELEMENT ValidDate EMPTY >
   <!ATTLIST ValidDate

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             id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Mode        (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Day         NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Month       NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Year        NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED >

   <!ELEMENT User ( #PCDATA | UserID | Password )* >
   <!ATTLIST User
             id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Mode        (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             CertificateURL CDATA  #IMPLIED
             DataCountry NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             DataLanguage CDATA    #IMPLIED >

             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Password (#PCDATA) >
   <!ATTLIST Password
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Merchant Terminal >
   <!ATTLIST Merchant
             Mode        (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             id          ID        #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Terminal EMPTY >
   <!ATTLIST Terminal
             Id          ID     #IMPLIED
             Mode        (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Data        CDATA  #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Transaction ( #PCDATA | Id | Code | Date | Data |
                           Inquiry | Signature )* >
   <!ATTLIST Transaction
             Amount      CDATA     #IMPLIED
             Currency    NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Mode        (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Type        NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED >

             Id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Mode        (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             CID         NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Reference   NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Acquire     NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Forward     NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED >

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   <!ATTLIST Code
             Mode        (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Processing  CDTATA    #IMPLIED
             Approval    NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Retrieval   NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Action      NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             Reason      NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED
             POS         NMTOKEN   #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Date (Effective?, Settle?, Capture?) >
   <!ATTLIST Date
             Mode        (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             id          ID        #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Effective EMPTY >
   <!ATTLIST Effective
             id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Mode        (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Day         NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED
             Month       NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED
             Year        NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED >

   <!ELEMENT Settle EMPTY >
   <!ATTLIST Settle
             id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Mode        (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Day         NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED
             Month       NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED
             Year        NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED >

   <!ELEMENT Capture EMPTY >
   <!ATTLIST Capture
             id          ID        #IMPLIED
             Mode        (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED
             Day         NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED
             Month       NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED
             Year        NMTOKEN   #REQUIRED >

   <!ELEMENT DATA ( #PCDATA | Trace | PrivateUse | Response |
                    AAV | Track1 | Track2 )* >
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Trace #PCDATA >
   <!ATTLIST Trade
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT PrivateUse #PCDATA >

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   <!ATTLIST PrivateUse
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Response #PCDATA >
   <!ATTLIST Response
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Track1 #PCDATA >
   <!ATTLIST Track1
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT Track2 #PCDATA >
   <!ATTLIST TRack2
             id        ID         #IMPLIED
             Mode      (Query|Assert) #IMPLIED >

   <!ELEMENT TransactionComplete EMPTY >

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3. Usage Notes for ECML v2

   This section provides a general usage guide for ECML v2.

3.1 Presentation of the Fields

   This standard does not constrain the order or completeness of
   communication of or query for these fields.

   Some parties may wish to provide or ask for more information, some
   less by omitting fields.  Some may ask for the information they want
   in one interaction or web page, others may ask for parts of the
   information at different times in multiple interactions or different
   web pages. For example, it is common to ask for "ship to" information
   earlier, so shipping cost can be computed, before the payment method
   information.  Some parties may require that all the information they
   request be provided while other make much information optional.  Etc.

   Every element may be flagged as a query or assertion by including the
   optional Mode attribute with the value "Query" or "Assert"
   respectively. The Mode attribute effects all descendant elements
   until overridden by a lower level element with a Mode attribute.
   Thus it is early to indicate that all of the elements in an ECML
   structure are present as queries or assertions.

   Query elements may have data content which should be interpreted as a
   default value to be returned if no better value is known.

   There is no way with Version 2.0 of ECML to indicate what query
   fields the party considers mandatory.  From the point of view of
   software, all fields queried are optional to complete.  However, a
   party may give an error or re-present a request for information if
   some field it requires is not completed, just as it may if a field is
   completed in a manner it considers erroneous.

3.2 Methods and Flow of Setting the Fields

   There are a variety of methods of communication possible between the
   parties by which one can indicate what fields it wants the other to
   provide.  Probably the easiest to use for currently deployed mass
   software is as fields in an [HTML] form.  Other possibilities are to
   use an [XML] exchange, the IOTP Authenticate transaction [RFC 2801],
   or proprietary protocols.

   So that browser software can tell what version it is dealing with, it
   is REQUIRED that the Ecom_SchemaVersion field be included in every

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   transactions when ECML is being used on the web.  Ecom_SchemaVersion
   SHOULD appear on every web page that has any Ecom fields and is
   usually a hidden field.

   User action or the appearance of the Ecom_SchemaVersion field are
   examples of triggers that can be used to initiate a facility capable
   of providing information in response to an ECML based query or
   utilizing information from ECML assertions.  Because some web
   software may require user activation, it is RECOMMENDED at least one
   user visible Ecom field on every web page with any Ecom fields
   present when ECML is used via the web.

   Because, under some circumstances, communications can proceed very
   slowly, it may not be clear to an automated processing function when
   it is finished receiving ECML fields on a web page or the like.  For
   this reason, it is RECOMMENDED that the Ecom_SchemaVersion field be
   the last Ecom field on a web page.

   Transfer or requests for information can extend over several
   interactions or web pages.  Without further provision, a facility
   could either require re-starting on each page or possibly violate or
   appear to violate privacy by continuing to provide personal data
   beyond with end of the transaction with a particular business.  For
   this reason the Ecom_TransactionComplete field, which is normally
   hidden, is provided.  It is RECOMMENDED that it appear on the last
   interaction or web page involved in a transaction, just before an
   Ecom_SchemaVersion field, so that multi-interaction automated logic
   can know when to stop if it chooses to check for this field.

4. Security and Privacy Considerations

   The information called for by many of these fields is sensitive and
   should be secured if being sent over the public Internet or through
   other channels where it can be observed.  Mechanisms for such
   protection are not specified herein but channel encryption such as
   TLS [RFC 2246] or IPSec [RFC 2411] would be appropriate in many

   When information is being requested from a user, their control over
   release of such information is needed to protect their privacy.

   Software that is installed on a shared or public terminal should be
   configurable such that memory of any sensitive or individual identity
   information is fully disabled.  This is vital to protect the privacy
   of library patrons, students, and customers using public terminals,
   and children who might, for example, use a form on a public terminal
   without realizing that their information is being stored.

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   When sensitive or individual identification information is stored,
   the operator or user should have an option to protect the information
   with a password, without which the information will be unavailable,
   even to someone who has access to the file(s) in which it is being
   stored.  This might also allow for a convenient method for multiple
   users to use their own ECML information from the same software.

   Any multi-page/screen or other multi-aggregate field fill in or data
   provision mechanism SHOULD check for the Ecom_TransactionComplete
   field and cease automated fill when it is encountered until fill is
   further authorized.

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Informative References

   [eCheck] - <http://www.echeck.org>

   [EMV] - <http://www.emvco.org/specifications.cfm>

   [HTML] - "HTML 3.2 Reference Specification", <
   http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html32.html>, D. Raggett, January 1997.

   [P3P BASE] - "The Platform for Privacy Preferences 1.0 (P3P1.0)
   Specification", L. Cranor, M. Langheinrich, M. Marchiori, M. Presler-
   Marshall, J. Reagle, December 2000, <http://www.w3.org/TR/WD-

   [P3P ECOM] - "Using P3P for E-Commerce", J. Coco, S. Klien, D.
   Schutzer, S. Yen, A. Slater, November 1999,

   [RFC 1034] - "Domain names - concepts and facilities", P.V.
   Mockapetris, Nov-01-1987.

   [RFC 2026] - "The Internet Standards Process -- Revision 3", S.
   Bradner, October 1996.

   [RFC 2246] - "The TLS Protocol: Version 1.0", T. Dierks, C. Allen.
   January 1999.

   [RFC 2411] - "IP Security: Document Roadmap", R. Thayer, N.
   Doraswany, R.  Glenn.  November 1998.

   [RFC 2706] - "ECML v1: Field Names for E-Commerce", D. Eastlake, T.
   Goldstein, September 1999.

   [RFC 2801] - "Internet Open Trading Protocol - IOTP Version 1.0", D.
   Burdett, April 2000.

   [RFC 3106] - "ECML v1.1: Field Specifications for E-Commerce", D.
   Eastlake, T. Goldstein, April 2001.

   [SET] - Secure Electronic Transaction,

Normative References

   [ASCII] - USA Standard Code for Information Interchange, X3.4
   American National Standards Institute; New York, 1968.

   [IANA] - Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, Official Names for

D. Eastlake 3rd                                                [Page 21]

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   Character Sets, ed. Keld Simonsen et al.  <ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-

   [ISO 3166] - "Codes for the representation of names of countries and
   their subdivisions -- Part 1: Country codes", ISO 3166-1, 1997.

   [ISO 4217] - "Codes for the representation of currencies and funds",
   ISO 4217, 2001.

   [ISO 7812] - "Identification card - Identification of issuers - Part
   1: Numbering system", ISO 7812-1, 2000.

   [ISO 8583] - "Financial transaction card originated messages -
   Interchange message specifications - Part 1: Messages, elements and
   code values", ISO 8583-1, 2001.

   [RFC 1766] - "Tags for the Identification of Languages", H.
   Alvestrand.  March 1995.

   [RFC 2396] - "Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI): Generic Syntax", T.
   Berners-Lee, R. Fielding, L. Masinter, August 1998.

   [RFC 3066] - "Tags for the Identification of Languages", H.
   Alvestrand, January 2001.

   [XML] - Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition),
   <http://www.w3.org/TR/1998/REC-xml>, T. Bray, J. Paoli, C. M.
   Sperberg-McQueen, E. Maler

Appendix: Changes from v1.1 to v2

   Substantial rewording of text to change the emphasis from an HTML
   Form Field naming to XML Syntax.

   Addition of the merhcant -> processor fields.

   Addition of the Ecom_Wallet_Location and Ecom_User_Certificate_URL

   Addition of the "Mode" attribute.

   Addition of the ECom_Payment_Card_IssueNumber, Loyalty Card fields,
   Device ID, Valid Fromt, and User Data fields.

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Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) 2003, The Internet Society.  All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
   and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
   kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
   included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
   document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
   the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
   Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
   developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
   copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
   followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than

   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an

D. Eastlake 3rd                                                [Page 23]

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Author's Address

      Donald E. Eastlake 3rd
      Motorola Laboratories
      155 Beaver Street
      Milford, MA 01757 USA

      Phone:  1-508-851-8280(work)
      EMail:  Donald.Eastlake@motorola.com

File name and Expiration

   This file is draft-ietf-trade-ecml2-spec-08.txt.

   It expires July 2003.

D. Eastlake 3rd                                                [Page 24]

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