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 INTERNET-DRAFT                                               H. Kitamura
 <draft-kitamura-socks-ipv6-01.txt                       NEC Corporation
 Expires in six months                                    8 February 1999
 
   SOCKSv5 Protocol Extensions for IPv6/IPv4 Communication Environment
                    <draft-kitamura-socks-ipv6-01.txt
 
 Status of this Memo
 
    This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with
    all provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026 except that the right to
    produce derivative works is not granted.
 
    Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
    Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups.  Note that
    other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-
    Drafts.
 
    Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
    and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
    time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet- Drafts as reference
    material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
 
    The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at
    http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt
 
    The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at
    http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html.
 
 Abstract
 
    This document describes three types of extensions of SOCKS Version 5
    protocol [RFC1928]. A new address type and a new command for Requests
    and Replies are introduced. These extensions supplement the
    insufficient generic functions of the SOCKSv5 protocol.
 
    These extensions enable a SOCKS server to be used as a translator for
    IPv4 and IPv6 mixed heteregenous communications with ease.  In
    addition, they make each homogeneous IPv4 and IPv6 communication
    efficient.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 H. Kitamura                                                    [Page 1]
 

 INTERNET-DRAFT     SOCKSv5 Extensions for IPv6 Support     February 1999
 
 
 Introduction
 
    The SOCKS Version 5 protocol [RFC1928] can deal with IPv6 address
    type. Only with this specification, however, it is insufficient to
    support IPv6 based efficient communication environment. Especially,
    it is difficult to support IPv4 and IPv6 mixed heterogeneous
    communication environment and to use a SOCKS server as a translator
    for mixed heterogeneous communication environment.
 
    In this document, three types of extensions of SOCKSv5 protocol are
    described. A new address type notion and a new command for Requests
    and Replies are introduced as the extensions.
 
    These extensions enable a SOCKS server to be used as a translator for
    IPv4 and IPv6 mixed heteregenous communications with ease.  In
    addition, they make each homogeneous IPv4 and IPv6 communication
    efficient. Because they supplement the insufficient generic functions
    of the SOCKSv5 protocol.
 
 Extension
 
    * Extension 1 (New address type notion)
 
     As a new address type (ATYP) notion, "ADDRESS ID" is introduced.
    This extension is closely related with Extension 2 (New command),
    which is described below.
 
     An ADDRESS ID is an identifier that represents an entry of the
    address association mapping table between a SOCKS client and a SOCKS
    server. Typically, the ADDRESS ID represents the servers' internal
    address association table identifier.
 
     Internal ADDRESS ID Format
         +-----+-----------+
         |CLASS|REALID(key)|
         +-----+-----------+
         |  1  |     3     |
         +-----+-----------+
 
     An ADDRESS ID occupies 4 octets. Internally, the first octet is used
    for a CLASS. The CLASS indicates categories and characteristics of
    the ADDRESS ID. For the time being, it is reserved and filled with
    zero. The rest octets are used for the real identifier (REALID) of
    the ADDRESS ID.
 
     Since the ADDRESS ID dose not include explicit address information,
    there are potential vulnerabilities. If some SOCKS clients use the
    same ADDRESS ID that is already used, the SOCKS server may cause
 
 
 
 H. Kitamura                                                    [Page 2]
 

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    confusion. (It depends on implementation methods of the SOCKS.) Most
    of the vulnerabilities can be avoided by the difference of the SOCKS
    clients' IP addresses, but they still exist for the processes at the
    same host.
 
     In order to avoid such potential problems and to enhance the
    security of the system, a simple key exchange mechanism is
    introduced. The SOCKS server provides a REALID as a key to the SOCKS
    client. It means that the REALID works as both a identifier and a
    key. A series of the provided REALIDs by the SOCKS server are not
    simple sequential numbers. The randomness of the REALIDs avoids the
    vulnerabilities. 3 octets are long enough to realize this mechanism,
    and long enough to support the number of the addresses to be dealt
    between the client and the server.
 
     The length of the ADDRESS ID is fixed and shorter than other address
    types that are specified in the current SOCKSv5 protocol, and the
    ADDRESS ID shows essential information between the client and the
    server. So, the introduction of the ADDRESS ID address type makes
    efficient communications via the SOCKS server. Especially, in case of
    UDP communications via the SOCKS server, the utilization of the
    ADDRESS ID address type contributes to shorten the length of the UDP
    Packet Structure header and to make the filtering procedure
    efficient.
 
     Since the introduction of the ADDRESS ID conceals the address family
    types, it becomes easy to enable to relay different address based
    connections (e.g., between IPv4 and IPv6) at the SOCKS server.
 
    * Extension 2 (New command for Requests and Replies)
 
     As a new command (CMD), "ADDRESS ASSOCIATE" is introduced.  This
    extension is closely related with Extension 1 (New address type
    notion).
 
     This command is prepared for a SOCKS client to get a ADDRESS ID from
    a SOCKS server. Followings are the procedure to get the ADDRESS ID.
      1. A SOCKS client sends a Request filled with the ADDRESS ASSOCIATE
    command to a SOCKS server.
      2. The server sends a Reply filled with the ADDRESS ID information
    to the BND.ADDR field.
 
     After the procedure is finished successfully, the client can use the
    received ADDRESS ID to any ADDR fields instead of other address types
    (IP V4 address, DOMAINNAME, or IP V6 address) for the Requests and
    the UDP Packet Structure header.
 
     With this extension, the client's DNS query delegation to the server
 
 
 
 H. Kitamura                                                    [Page 3]
 

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    can be accomplished explicitly in the SOCKS protocol.
 
     An ADDRESS ASSOCIATE command has different characteristics from
    other commands. It can be executed as a dedicated command, but also,
    it is possible to execute the ADDRESS ASSOCIATE command with other
    commands (CONNECT, BIND, or UDP ASSOCIATE) simultaneously under the
    special conditions that the client does not require explicit BND.ADDR
    information from the Replies. With the simultaneous commands
    execution can reduce the handshake times between the SOCKS client and
    the server. In order to realize this function, the ADDRESS ASSOCIATE
    command needs to be assigned to an appropriate bit of the CMD field
    of the Requests.
 
     In case an ADDRESS ASSOCIATE command is executed with other command
    simultaneously, the meanings of the REP field of the Replies may
    become unclear, and the client can not get explicit BND.ADDR
    information from the Replies, because BND.ADDR field is filled with
    ADDRESS ID information. (BND.PORT field is filled with normal
    information.)  In case confusion may happen, an orthodox method that
    the each command is executed as one dedicated function must be taken.
    Only when the client does not need BND.ADDR information and the
    meanings of the REP field is clear, this simultaneous commands
    execution can be taken.
 
     In case of the dedicated ADDRESS ASSOCIATE command Requests,
    DST.PORT field does not make sense. The meanings of this field is
    changed and reused. The name of it is changed to ADR.PREF. It shows
    the preference of the reply address type of the client. In the
    Extension 3 (Show the preference of the reply address type), the
    details of this specification are described.
 
    * Extension 3 (Show the preference of the reply address type)
 
     In case the SOCKS server relays different address based connections
    (e.g., between IPv4 and IPv6), the address type (ATYP) and the bound
    address (BND.ADDR) of the Replies are important. If the client can
    not deal with the replied address type, it causes confusion in the
    client.
 
     In order to avoid this confusion, the client needs to show the
    preference of the reply address type to the server. There are three
    methods to realize this feature.
 
      1. Do nothing special
 
          The client shows nothing special to the server and expects a
         default reply address type that can be associated naturally. It
         means to expect the same address (family) type that is used for
 
 
 
 H. Kitamura                                                    [Page 4]
 

 INTERNET-DRAFT     SOCKSv5 Extensions for IPv6 Support     February 1999
 
 
         the connection between the client and the server. In this
         method, the client dose not care which address family type is
         used in the connection between the server and the desired
         destination.
 
      2. Use FLAG field of the Requests
 
          The client shows the reply address type preference by setting
         the flag field FLAG of the Requests. An appropriate bit of the
         FLAG field shows off or on of the preference of the client.
          If the appropriate bit is off (0), it is the same case of the
         "Do nothing special."  Default address type is replied.
          If the appropriate bit is on (1), the client asks the server to
         reply the address as the same address (family) type that is used
         in the connection between the server and the desired
         destination. In this case, the client must deal with all of the
         expected address family types.
 
      3. Use DST.PORT field of the dedicated ADDRESS ASSOCIATE Requests
 
          In case of the dedicated ADDRESS ASSOCIATE Requests, the name
         of the DST.PORT field is changed to ADR.PREF, and it shows the
         preference of the reply address type.
          Since the ADR.PREF has 2 octets, it has a possibility to show
         complex preference. For the time being, the upper octet of the
         ADR.PREF is reserved. The lower octet is used to show the show
         the preference.  The format is the same to the ATYP field.
          (As an additional function, this mechanism enables the client
         to realize the deligation of the reverse DNS query, also.)
          The appropriate bit of the FLAG has a high priority and can
         overwrite the preference that is shown by the ADR.PREF field.
 
 Formats
 
    In the following sections, the formats that include the described
    extensions are shown. Most parts are quoted from the [RFC1928] and
    the current SOCKS version 5 specification [SOCKSv5]. Since [RFC1928]
    and [SOCKSv5] explain the meanings of the fields except extensions
    that are described in this document, they are omitted here.
 
    x marks (instead of o marks) indicate extensions.
 
    Note:
 
    Unless otherwise noted, the decimal numbers appearing in packet-
    format diagrams represent the length of the corresponding field, in
    octets.  Where a given octet must take on a specific value, the
    syntax X'hh' is used to denote the value of the single octet in that
 
 
 
 H. Kitamura                                                    [Page 5]
 

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    field. When the word 'Variable' is used, it indicates that the
    corresponding field has a variable length defined either by an
    associated (one or two octet) length field, or by a data type field.
 
 Requests Format
 
         +----+-----+------+------+----------+----------+
         |VER | CMD | FLAG | ATYP | DST.ADDR | DST.PORT |
         +----+-----+------+------+----------+----------+
         | 1  |  1  |  1   |  1   | Variable |    2     |
         +----+-----+------+------+----------+----------+
 
           o  VER    protocol version:  X'05'
           o  CMD
              o  CONNECT                X'01'
              o  BIND                   X'02'
              o  UDP ASSOCIATE          X'03'
              x  ADDRESS ASSOCIATE      X'08' (bit set)
              x  CONNECT
                    +ADDRESS ASSOCIATE  X'09'
              x  BIND
                    +ADDRESS ASSOCIATE  X'0A'
              x  UDP ASSOCIATE
                    +ADDRESS ASSOCIATE  X'0B'
              o  X'10' to X'7F' IANA ASSIGNED
              o  X'80' to X'FF' RESERVED FOR PRIVATE METHODS
           o FLAG   command dependent flag (defaults to X'00')
              x  Prefer Default address family type
                                        X'00' (off)
              x  Prefer address family type of the Destination
                                        X'10' (on)
           o  ATYP   address type of following address
              o  IP V4 address:         X'01'
              o  DOMAINNAME:            X'03'
              o  IP V6 address:         X'04'
              x  ADDRESS ID:            X'08'
           o  DST.ADDR       desired destination address
           o  DST.PORT desired destination port in network octet
              order
 
           In case of the dedicated ADDRESS ASSOCIATE Requests:
           x  DST.PORT = ADR.PREF
                 show the preference of the reply address type.
                       X'00'(reserved)+ ATYP
              x  IP V4 address:         X'01'
              x  DOMAINNAME:            X'03'
              x  IP V6 address:         X'04'
 
 
 
 
 H. Kitamura                                                    [Page 6]
 

 INTERNET-DRAFT     SOCKSv5 Extensions for IPv6 Support     February 1999
 
 
 Addressing Format
 
    In an address field (DST.ADDR, BND.ADDR), the ATYP field specifies
    the type of address contained within the field:
 
           o  X'01'
 
    the address is a version-4 IP address, with a length of 4 octets
 
           o  X'03'
 
    the address field contains a fully-qualified domain name.  The first
    octet of the address field contains the number of octets of name that
    follow, there is no terminating NUL octet.
 
           o  X'04'
 
    the address is a version-6 IP address, with a length of 16 octets.
 
           x  X'08'
 
    the address is a identifier of the servers' internal address
    association table, with a length of 1 octet.
 
 Replies Format
 
         +----+-----+------+------+----------+----------+
         |VER | REP | FLAG | ATYP | BND.ADDR | BND.PORT |
         +----+-----+------+------+----------+----------+
         | 1  |  1  |  1   |  1   | Variable |    2     |
         +----+-----+------+------+----------+----------+
 
           o  VER    protocol version: X'05'
           o  REP    Reply field:
              o  X'00' succeeded
              o  X'01' general SOCKS server failure
              o  X'02' connection not allowed by ruleset
              o  X'03' Network unreachable
              o  X'04' Host unreachable
              o  X'05' Connection refused
              o  X'06' TTL expired
              o  X'07' Command not supported
              o  X'08' Address type not supported
              o  X'09' Invalid address
              o  X'0A' to X'FF' unassigned
           o  FLAG   command dependent flag
           o  ATYP   address type of following address
              o  IP V4 address:         X'01'
 
 
 
 H. Kitamura                                                    [Page 7]
 

 INTERNET-DRAFT     SOCKSv5 Extensions for IPv6 Support     February 1999
 
 
              o  DOMAINNAME:            X'03'
              o  IP V6 address:         X'04'
              x  ADDRESS ID:            X'08'
           o  BND.ADDR       server bound address
           o  BND.PORT       server bound port in network octet order
 
 UDP Control Channel Requests Format
 
         +----+-----+------+------+----------+------+
         |RSV | SUB | FLAG | ATYP | ADDR     | PORT |
         +----+-----+------+------+----------+------+
         | 1  |  1  |  1   |   1  | Variable |  2   |
         +----+-----+------+------+----------+------+
 
           o  RSV  Reserved X'00'
           o  SUB  Subcommand
                o  INTERFACE DATA: X'01'
           o  FLAG  A subcommand dependent flag (normally X'00')
           o  ATYP   address type of following address
              o  IP V4 address:         X'01'
              o  DOMAINNAME:            X'03'
              o  IP V6 address:         X'04'
              x  ADDRESS ID:            X'08'
           o  ADDR  destination address information
           o  PORT  destination port information
 
 UDP Packet Structure Format
 
         +------+------+------+----------+----------+----------+
         | FLAG | FRAG | ATYP | DST.ADDR | DST.PORT |   DATA   |
         +------+------+------+----------+----------+----------+
         |  2   |  1   |  1   | Variable |    2     | Variable |
         +------+------+------+----------+----------+----------+
 
    The fields in the UDP request header are:
 
           o  FLAG   Reserved X'0000'
           o  FRAG   Current fragment number
           o  ATYP   address type of following address
              o  IP V4 address:         X'01'
              o  DOMAINNAME:            X'03'
              o  IP V6 address:         X'04'
              x  ADDRESS ID:            X'08'
           o  DST.ADDR       desired destination address
           o  DST.PORT       desired destination port
           o  DATA     user data
 
 
 
 
 
 H. Kitamura                                                    [Page 8]
 

 INTERNET-DRAFT     SOCKSv5 Extensions for IPv6 Support     February 1999
 
 
 Security Considerations
 
    This document describes a protocol for the application-layer
    traversal of IP network firewalls.  The security of such traversal is
    highly dependent on the particular authentication and encapsulation
    methods provided in a particular implementation, and selected during
    negotiation between SOCKS client and SOCKS server.
 
    Careful consideration should be given by the administrator to the
    selection of authentication methods.
 
 
 References
 
    [RFC1928]  Leech, M., Ganis, M., Lee, Y., Kuris, R. Koblas, D., &
                  Jones, L., "SOCKS Protocol V5," RFC1928, April 1996.
 
    [SOCKSv5]  VanHeyningen, M, "SOCKS Protocol Version 5,"  June 1998
               currently draft-ietf-aft-socks-pro-v5-03.txt
 
    [IPv6]     S. Deering, R. Hinden, "Internet Protocol, Version 6
                  (IPv6) Specification", RFC2460, December 1998.
 
 Author's Address
 
    Hiroshi Kitamura
    NEC Corporation
    C&C Media Research Laboratories
    1-1, Miyazaki, 4-Chome, Miyamae-ku,
    Kawasaki, Kanagawa, 216-8555, JAPAN
 
    Phone: +81 (44) 856-2123
    Fax:   +81 (44) 856-2230
    EMail: kitamura@ccm.cl.nec.co.jp
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 H. Kitamura                                                    [Page 9]
 

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