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Versions: 00 01

Network Working Group                    Paul J. Leach, Microsoft
INTERNET-DRAFT                           Dilip C. Naik, Microsoft
draft-leach-cifs-v1-spec-01.txt
Category: Informational
Expires June 19, 1998                           December 19, 1997



           A Common Internet File System (CIFS/1.0) Protocol

                           Preliminary Draft


Status of this Memo

This document is an Internet-Draft. Internet-Drafts are working
documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas, and
its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute working
documents as Internet-Drafts.

Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
and may be updated, replaced, or made obsolete by other documents at any
time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material
or to cite them other than as "work in progress".

To learn the current status of any Internet-Draft, please check the
"1id-abstracts.txt" listing contained in the Internet-Drafts Shadow
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ftp.isi.edu (US West Coast).

Distribution of this document is unlimited. Please send comments to the
authors at <cifs@microsoft.com>. Discussion of CIFS is on the mailing
list <CIFS@DISCUSS.MICROSOFT.COM>; subscribe by sending a message to
<ListServ@CIFS@DISCUSS.MICROSOFT.COM> with a body of "subscribe CIFS
you@your.domain". The mailing list archives are at
<http://discuss.microsoft.com/archives/cifs.html. There is a CIFS home
page at <http://www.microsoft.com/intdev/cifs>.


 Abstract

This document describes the CIFS file sharing protocol, version 1.0.
Client systems use this protocol to request file access services from
server systems over a network. It is based on the Server Message Block
protocol widely in use by personal computers and workstations running a
wide variety of operating systems.





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This document omits discussion of obsolescent requests not needed by
modern clients. They are defined in a companion document Obsolescent SMB
Requests.

 Table Of Contents

1 Introduction                                                        3

 1.1  Summary of features                                            4

2 Protocol Operation Overview                                         6

 2.1  Server Name Determination                                      6
 2.2  Server Name Resolution                                         7
 2.3  Sample Message Flow                                            7
 2.4  CIFS Protocol Dialect Negotiation                              8
 2.5  Message Transport                                              8
 2.6  Opportunistic Locks                                           10
 2.7  Security Model                                                13
 2.8  Authentication                                                14
 2.9  Distributed Filesystem (DFS) Support                          14

3 SMB Message Formats and Data Types                                 15

 3.1  Notation                                                      15
 3.2  SMB header                                                    15
 3.3  File Names                                                    22
 3.4  Wildcards                                                     22
 3.5  DFS Pathnames                                                 23
 3.6  Time And Date Encoding                                        24
 3.7  Access Mode Encoding                                          25
 3.8  Access Mask Encoding                                          25
 3.9  Open Function Encoding                                        26
 3.10 Open Action Encoding                                          27
 3.11 File Attribute Encoding                                       27
 3.12 Extended File Attribute Encoding                              28
 3.13 Batching Requests ("AndX" Messages)                           30
 3.14 "Transaction" Style Subprotocols                              31
 3.15 Valid SMB Requests by Negotiated Dialect                      39

4 SMB Requests                                                       40

 4.1  Session Requests                                              41
 4.2  File Requests                                                 62
 4.3  Directory Requests                                            94
 4.4  DFS Operations                                               104
 4.5  Miscellaneous Operations                                     108





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5 SMB Symbolic Constants                                            110

 5.1  SMB Command Codes                                            110
 5.2  SMB_COM_TRANSACTION2 Subcommand codes                        112
 5.3  SMB_COM_NT_TRANSACTION Subcommand Codes                      113
 5.4  SMB Protocol Dialect Constants                               114

6 Error Codes and Classes                                           115


7 Legal Notice                                                      118


8 References                                                        119


9 Authors' Addresses                                                119


10  Appendix A -- NETBIOS transport over TCP                        119

 10.1 Connection Establishment                                     120
 10.2 Server-side Connection Procedures                            120

11  Appendix B -- TCP transport                                     120




1  Introduction

This document describes the file sharing protocol for a proposed Common
Internet File System (CIFS). CIFS is intended to provide an open cross-
platform mechanism for client systems to request file services from
server systems over a network. It is based on the standard Server
Message Block (SMB) protocol widely in use by personal computers and
workstations running a wide variety of operating systems. An earlier
version of this protocol was documented as part of the X/OPEN (now Open
Group) CAE series of standards [7]; this document updates the
specification to include the latest shipping versions, and is published
to allow the creation of implementations that inter-operate with those
implementations.

The scope of this specification is limited to describing requests and
responses for file services. Separate specifications exist for clients
requesting services other than file services, e.g. print services.







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Use of the Internet and the World Wide Web has been characterized by
read-only access. Existing protocols such as FTP are good solutions for
one-way file transfer. However, new read/write interfaces will become
increasingly necessary as the Internet becomes more interactive and
collaborative. Adoption of a common file sharing protocol having modern
semantics such as shared files, byte-range locking, coherent caching,
change notification, replicated storage, etc. would provide important
benefits to the Internet community.


1.1  Summary of features

The protocol supports the following features:

o File access

o File and record locking

o Safe caching, read-ahead, and write-behind

o File change notification

o Protocol version negotiation

o Extended attributes

o Distributed replicated virtual volumes

o Server name resolution independence

o Batched requests

o Unicode file names


1.1.1      File access

The protocol supports the usual set of file operations: open, close,
read, write, and seek.


1.1.2      File and record locking

The protocol supports file and record locking, as well as unlocked
access to files. Applications that lock files can not be improperly
interfered with by applications that do not; once a file or record is
locked, non-locking applications are denied access to the file.





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1.1.3      Safe caching, read-ahead, and write-behind

The protocol supports caching, read-ahead, and write-behind, even for
unlocked files, as long as they are safe. All these optimizations are
safe as long as only one client is accessing a file; read-caching and
read-ahead are safe with many clients accessing a file as long as all
are just reading. If many clients are writing a file simultaneously,
then none are safe, and all file operations have to go to the server.
The protocol notifies all clients accessing a file of changes in the
number and access mode of clients accessing the file, so that they can
use the most optimized safe access method.


1.1.4      File change notification

Applications can register with a server to be notified if and when file
or directory contents are modified. They can use this to (for example)
know when a display needs to be refreshed, without having to constantly
poll the server.


1.1.5      Protocol version negotiation

There are several different versions and sub-versions of this protocol;
a particular version is referred to as a dialect.  When two machines
first come into network contact they negotiate the dialect to be used.
Different dialects can include both new messages as well as changes to
the fields and semantics of existing messages in other dialects.


1.1.6      Extended attributes

In addition to many built-in file attributes, such as creation and
modification times,  non-file system attributes can be added by
applications, such as the author's name, content description, etc.


1.1.7      Distributed replicated virtual volumes

The protocol supports file system subtrees which look like to clients as
if they are on a single volume and server, but which actually span
multiple volumes and servers. The files and directories of such a
subtree can be physically moved to different servers, and their names do
not have to change, isolating clients from changes in the server
configuration. These subtrees can also be transparently replicated for
load sharing and fault tolerance. When a client requests a file, the
protocol uses referrals to transparently direct a client to the server
that stores it.




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1.1.8      Server name resolution independence

The protocol allows clients to resolve server names using any name
resolution mechanism. In particular, it allows using the DNS, permitting
access to the file systems of other organizations over the Internet, or
hierarchical organization of servers' names within an organization.
Earlier versions of the protocol only supported a flat server name
space.


1.1.9     Batched requests

The protocol supports the batching of multiple requests into a single
message, in order to minimize round trip latencies, even when a later
request depends on the results of an earlier one.


2    Protocol Operation Overview

In order to access a file on a server, a client has to:

o Parse the full file name to determine the server name, and the
  relative name within that server.

o Resolve the server name to a transport address (this may be cached)

o Make a connection to the server (if no connection is already
  available)

o Exchange CIFS messages (see below for an example)

This process may be repeated as many times as desired. Once the
connection has been idle for a while, it may be torn down.


2.1   Server Name Determination

How the client determines the name of the server and the relative name
within the server  is outside of the scope of this specification.
However, just for expository purposes, here are three examples.

In the  URL "file://fs.megacorp.com/users/fred/stuff.txt", the client
could take the part between the leading double slashes and the next
slash as the server name and the remainder as the relative name -- in
this example "fs.megacorp.com" and "/users/fred/stuff.txt",
respectively.







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In the path name "\\corpserver\public\policy.doc" the client could take
the part between the leading double backslashes and the next slash as
the server name, and the remainder as the relative name -- in this
example, "corpserver" and "\public\policy.doc" respectively.

In the path name "x:\policy.doc" the client could use "x" as an index
into a table that contains a server name and a file name prefix. If the
contents of such a table for "x" were "corpserver" and "\public", then
the server name and relative name would be the same as in the previous
example.


2.2  Server Name Resolution

Like server name determination, how the client resolves the name to the
transport address of the server is outside the scope of this
specification. All that is required by CIFS is that a CIFS client MUST
have some means to resolve the name of a CIFS server to a transport
address, and that a CIFS server MUST register its name with a name
resolution service known its clients.

Some examples of name resolution mechanisms include: using the Domain
Name System (DNS) [1,2], and using NETBIOS name resolution (see RFC 1001
and RFC 1002 [3,4]). The server name might also be specified as the
string form of an IPv4 address in the usual dotted decimal notation,
e.g., "157.33.135.101"; in this case, "resolution" consists of
converting to the 32 bit IPv4 address.

Which method is used is configuration dependent; the default SHOULD be
DNS to encourage interoperability over the Internet.

Note: The name resolution mechanism used may place constraints on the
form of the server name; for example, in the case of NETBIOS, the server
name must be 15 characters or less, and be upper case.


2.3  Sample Message Flow

The following illustrates a typical message exchange sequence for a
client connecting to a user level server, opening a file, reading its
data, closing the file, and disconnecting from the server. Note: using
the CIFS request batching mechanism (called the "AndX" mechanism), the
second to sixth messages in this sequence can be combined into one, so
there are really only three round trips in the sequence, and the last
one can be done asynchronously by the client.







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 Client Command             Server Response
 ========================== =========================================

 SMB_COM_NEGOTIATE          Must be the first message sent by client
                            to the server.  Includes a list of SMB
                            dialects supported by the client.  Server
                            response indicates which SMB dialect
                            should be used.
 SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_ANDX Transmits the user's name and credentials
                            to the server for verification.
                            Successful server response has Uid field
                            set in SMB header used for subsequent
                            SMBs on behalf of this user.
 SMB_COM_TREE_CONNECT_ANDX  Transmits the name of the disk share the
                            client wants to access.  Successful
                            server response has Tid field set in SMB
                            header used for subsequent SMBs referring
                            to this resource.
 SMB_COM_OPEN_ANDX          Transmits the name of the file, relative
                            to Tid, the client wants to open.
                            Successful server response includes a
                            file id (Fid) the client should supply
                            for subsequent operations on this file.
 SMB_COM_READ               Client supplies Tid, Fid, file offset,
                            and number of bytes to read.  Successful
                            server response includes the requested
                            file data.
 SMB_COM_CLOSE              Client closes the file represented by Tid
                            and Fid.  Server responds with success
                            code.
 SMB_COM_TREE_DISCONNECT    Client disconnects from resource
                            represented by Tid.


2.4 CIFS Protocol Dialect Negotiation

The first message sent from an CIFS client to an CIFS server must be one
whose Command field is SMB_COM_NEGOTIATE.  The format of this client
request includes an array of NULL terminated strings indicating the
dialects of the CIFS protocol which the client supports.  The server
compares this list against the list of dialects the server supports and
returns the index of the chosen dialect in the response message.


2.5  Message Transport

CIFS is transport independent. The CIFS protocol assumes:







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o a reliable connection oriented message-stream transport, and  makes
  no higher level attempts to ensure sequenced delivery of messages
  between the client and server.

o a well known endpoint for the CIFS service

o some mechanism to detect failures of either the client or server
  node, and to deliver such an indication to the client or server
  software so they can clean up state.  When a reliable transport
  connection from a client terminates, all work in progress by that
  client is terminated by the server and all resources open by that
  client on the server are closed.

It can run over any transport that meets these requirements. Some
transports do not natively meet all the requirements, and a standard
encapsulation of CIFS for that transport may need to be defined.
Appendix A defines how to run CIFS over NETBIOS over TCP; Appendix B
defines how to run CIFS over TCP.


2.5.1       Connection Management

Once a connection is established, the rules for reliable transport
connection dissolution are:

o If a server receives a transport establishment request from a client
  with which it is already conversing, the server may terminate all
  other transport connections to that client.  This is to recover from
  the situation where the client was suddenly rebooted and was unable
  to cleanly terminate its resource sharing activities with the server.

o A server may drop the transport connection to a client at any time if
  the client is generating malformed or illogical requests.  However,
  wherever possible the server should first return an error code to the
  client indicating the cause of the abort.

o If a server gets a hard error on the transport (such as a send
  failure) the transport connection to that client may be aborted.

o A server may terminate the transport connection when the client has
  no open resources on the server, however, we recommend that the
  termination be performed only after some time has passed or if
  resources are scarce on the server.  This will help performance in
  that the transport connection will not need to be reestablished if
  activity soon begins anew. Client software is expected to be able to
  automatically reconnect to the server if this happens.






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2.6 Opportunistic Locks

Network performance can be increased if a client does not need to inform
the server immediately about every change it makes to a file, or have to
worry that other clients can make its information about the file out of
date. For example, a client does not have to immediately write
information into a file on the server if the client knows that no other
process is accessing the data.  Likewise, the client can buffer read-
ahead data from the file if the client knows that no other process is
writing the data.

The mechanism which allows clients to dynamically alter their buffering
strategy in a consistent manner is knows as "opportunistic locks", or
oplocks for short.  Versions of the CIFS file sharing protocol including
and newer than the "LANMAN1.0" dialect support oplocks. (Note, however,
that an implementation, even of these later dialects, can implement
oplocks trivially by always refusing to grant them.)

There are three different types of oplocks:

o A Level II oplock, when held, informs a client that there are
  multiple concurrent clients of a file, and none has yet modified it.
  It allows the client to perform reads and file attribute fetches
  using cached or read-ahead local information, but all other requests
  have to be sent to the server.

o An exclusive oplock, when held, informs a client that it is the only
  one to have a file open. It allows the client to perform all file
  operations using cached or read-ahead local information until it
  closes the file, at which time the server has to be updated with any
  changes made to the state of the file (contents and attributes).

o A batch oplock, when held, informs a client that it is the only one
  to have a file open. It allows the client to perform all file
  operations on cached or read-ahead local information (including opens
  and closes).

If a client holds no oplocks, all requests other than reads must be sent
to the server. Reads may be performed using cached or read-ahead data as
long as the byte range has been locked by the client; otherwise they too
must be sent to the server.

When a client opens a file, it may request that the server grant it an
exclusive or batch oplock on the file.  The response from the server
indicates the type of oplock granted to the client. If cached or read-
ahead information was retained after the file was last closed, the
client must verify that the last modified time is unchanged when the
file is reopened before using the retained information.




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The SMB_COM_LOCKING_ANDX SMB is used to convey oplock break requests and
acknowledgements (as well as lock and unlock requests).


2.6.1       Level II Oplocks

The Level II oplock protocol is:



   Client                    <->  Server

   A            B
   ===========  ===========  ==== ====================================

   Open("foo")               ->
                             <-   Open OK.  Exclusive oplock granted.
   Read                      ->
                             <-   data
                Open("foo")  ->
                             <-   Break to Level II oplock to A
   lock(s)                   ->
                             <-   lock(s) response(s)
   oplock ack                ->
                             <-   Open OK.  Oplock II oplock granted
                                   to B


When a client opens a file, it may request an exclusive or batch oplock.
If the requested oplock cannot be granted, then the server MAY grant a
Level II oplock if the file currently has an oplock on it. If there is
currently an exclusive or batch oplock on the file, it must be broken
and the break acknowledged before the open is processed. If there is
currently a Level II oplock on the file, it does not need to be broken,
and the open may be processed immediately.

If any client sends a request to modify the state of a file that has a
Level II oplock, the server must ask all clients holding an oplock on
the file to break it, but need not wait for an acknowledgement.

















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2.6.2       Exclusive Oplocks

The exclusive oplock protocol is:


   Client                       <-> Server

   A               B
   ==============  ===========  === ================================

   Open ("foo")                 ->
                                <-  Open OK.  Exclusive oplock
                                     granted.
   <locks,
   writes>
   read (large)                 ->
                                <-  read data
   <reads from
   read-ahead >
                   Open("foo")  ->
                                <-  oplock break to A
   lock(s)                      ->
                                <-  lock(s) response(s)
   write(s)                     ->
                                <-  write(s) response(s)
   close or                     ->
   oplock ack
                                <-  open response to B



When client A opens the file, it can request an exclusive oplock.
Provided no one else has the file open on the server, then the server
MAY grant the oplock to client A.

If, at some point in the future, another client, such as client B,
requests an open of the same file, or requests a path name based
operation on the file, then the server MUST tell client A to relinquish
its exclusive oplock. If client B's request will not modify the state of
the file, the server MAY tell client A that its exclusive oplock has
been replaced by a level II oplock.

When a client's exclusive oplock is broken, it must synchronize the
server to the local state of the file (contents and attributes) and any
locks it holds on the file, and then acknowledge the oplock break
request. After the server receives the acknowledgement, if can process
B's request.









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2.6.3       Batch Oplocks

The batch oplock protocol is:



   Client                    <->  Server

   A            B
   ===========  ============ ==== ===============================

   Open("foo")               ->
                             <-   Open OK.  Batch oplock granted.
   Read                      ->
                             <-   read data
   <close>
   <open>
   <seek>
   read                      ->
                             <-   data
   <close>
                Open("foo")  ->
                             <-   Oplock break to A
   Close                     ->
                             <-   Close OK to A
                             <-   Open OK to B



When client A opens the file, it can request a batch oplock. Provided no
one else has the file open on the server, then the server MAY grant the
oplock to client A.

If, at some point in the future, another client, such as client B,
requests any operation on the same file, then the server MUST tell
client A to relinquish its batch oplock. If client B's request will not
modify the state of the file (or rename it), the server MAY tell client
A that its batch oplock has been replaced by a level II oplock.

If A has the file open at the time the oplock break request is received,
its actions will be the same as if it had an exclusive oplock. If A does
not have the file open at the time the oplock break request is received,
it sends a close to the server.  Once the file is actually closed at the
server, client B's open request can be processed.


2.7 Security Model

Each server makes a set of resources available to clients on the
network.  A resource being shared may be a directory tree,  printer,
etc.  So far as clients are concerned, the server has no storage or





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service dependencies on any other servers; a client considers the server
to be the sole provider of the file (or other resource) being accessed.

The CIFS protocol requires server authentication of users before file
accesses are allowed, and each server authenticates its own users.  A
client system must send authentication information to the server before
the server will allow access to its resources.


A server requires the client to provide a user name and some proof of
identity (often something cryptographically derived from a password) to
gain access. The granularity of authorization is up to the server. For
example, it may use the account name to check access control lists on
individual files, or may have one access control list that applies to
all files in the directory tree.

When a server validates the account name and password presented by the
client, an identifier representing that authenticated instance of the
user is returned to the client in the Uid field of the response SMB.
This Uid must be included in all further requests made on behalf of the
user from that client.


2.8  Authentication

The information on authentication that was in previous revisions of this
document has been moved to a different specification.


2.9  Distributed Filesystem (DFS) Support

Protocol dialects of NT LM 0.12 and later support distributed filesystem
operations. The distributed filesystem gives a way for this protocol to
use a single consistent file naming scheme which may span a collection
of different servers and shares. The distributed filesystem model
employed is a referral - based model. This protocol specifies the manner
in which clients receive referrals.

The client can set a flag in the request SMB header indicating that the
client wants the server to resolve this SMB's paths within the DFS known
to the server. The server attempts to resolve the requested name to a
file contained within the local directory tree indicated by the TID of
the request and proceeds normally. If the request pathname resolves to a
file on a different system, the server returns the following error:

  STATUS_DFS_PATH_NOT_COVERED - the server does not support the part
  of the DFS namespace needed to resolved the pathname in the request.






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  The client should request a referral from this server for further
  information.

A client asks for a referral with the TRANS2_DFS_GET_REFERRAL request
containing the DFS pathname of interest. The response from the server
indicates how the client should proceed.

The method by which the topological knowledge of the DFS is stored and
maintained by the servers is not specified by this protocol.


3    SMB Message Formats and Data Types

Clients exchange messages with a server to access resources on that
server.  These messages are called Server Message Blocks (SMBs), and
every SMB message has a common format.

This section describes the entire set of SMB commands and responses
exchanged between CIFS clients and servers.  It also details which SMBs
are introduced into the protocol as higher dialect levels are
negotiated.


3.1  Notation

This specification makes use of "C"-like notation to describe the
formats of messages. Unlike the "C" language, which allows for
implementation flexibility in laying out structures, this specification
adopts the following rules.  Multi-byte values are always transmitted
least significant byte first. All fields, except "bit-fields", are
aligned on the nearest byte boundary (even if longer than a byte), and
there is no implicit padding. Fields using the "bit field" notation are
defined to be laid out within the structure with the first-named field
occupying the lowest order bits, the next named field the next lowest
order bits, and so on.


3.2  SMB header

While each SMB command has specific encodings, there are some fields in
the SMB header which have meaning to all SMBs.  These fields and
considerations are described in the following sections.


typedef unsigned char UCHAR;          // 8 unsigned bits
typedef unsigned short USHORT;        // 16 unsigned bits
typedef unsigned long ULONG;          // 32 unsigned bits

typedef struct {





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    ULONG LowPart;
    LONG HighPart;
} LARGE_INTEGER;                      // 64 bits of data

typedef struct  {
    UCHAR Protocol[4];                // Contains 0xFF,'SMB'
    UCHAR Command;                    // Command code
    union {
        struct {
            UCHAR ErrorClass;         // Error class
            UCHAR Reserved;           // Reserved for future use
            USHORT Error;             // Error code
        } DosError;
        ULONG Status;                 // 32-bit error code
    } Status;
    UCHAR Flags;                      // Flags
    USHORT Flags2;                    // More flags
    union {
        USHORT Pad[6];                // Ensure section is 12 bytes long
        struct {
            USHORT Reserved;          // reserved for obsolescent
requests
            UCHAR SecuritySignature[8];   // reserved for MIC
       } Extra;
    };
    USHORT Tid;                       // Tree identifier
    USHORT Pid;                       // Opaque for client use
    USHORT Uid;                       // User id
    USHORT Mid;                       // multiplex id
    UCHAR  WordCount;                 // Count of parameter words
    USHORT ParameterWords[ WordCount ];    // The parameter words
    USHORT ByteCount;                 // Count of bytes
    UCHAR  Buffer[ ByteCount ];       // The bytes
} SMB_HEADER;


All SMBs in this specification have identical format up to the
ParameterWords fields.  (Some obsolescent ones do not.) Different SMBs
have a different number and interpretation of  ParameterWords and
Buffer.  All reserved fields in the SMB header must be zero.


3.2.1C      ommand field

The Command is the operation code that this SMB is requesting or
responding to. See section 5.1 below for number values, and section 4
for a description of each operation.





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3.2.2       Flags field

This field contains 8 individual flags, numbered from least significant
bit to most significant bit, which are defined below. Flags that are not
defined MUST be set to zero by clients and MUST be ignored by servers.


Bit  Name: SMB_FLAGS_ Meaning                            First Used
===  ====             ========================           ==========

0                     Reserved for obsolescent           LANMAN1.0
                       requests. (LOCK_AND_READ,
                       WRITE_AND_CLOSE)
1                     Reserved (must be zero).
2                     Reserved (must be zero).
3    CASELESS         When on, all pathnames in this     LANMAN1.0
                       SMB must be treated as case-less.
                       When off, the pathnames are case
                       sensitive.
4                     Reserved (clients must send as
                       zero; servers must ignore).
5                     Reserved for obsolescent           LANMAN1.0
                       requests. (SMB_COM_OPEN,
                       SMB_COM_CREATE and
                       SMB_COM_CREATE_NEW)
6                     Reserved for obsolescent           LANMAN1.0
                       requests. (SMB_COM_OPEN,
                       SMB_COM_CREATE and
                       SMB_COM_CREATE_NEW)
7    SERVER_RESP      When on, this SMB is being sent    PC NETWORK
                       from the server in response to a   PROGRAM
                       client request.  The Command       1.0
                       field usually contains the same
                       value in a protocol request from
                       the client to the server as in
                       the matching response from the
                       server to the client.  This bit
                       unambiguously distinguishes the
                       command request from the command
                       response.














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3.2.3       Flags2 Field

This field contains six individual flags, numbered from least
significant bit to most significant bit, which are defined below.  Flags
that are not defined MUST be set to zero by clients and MUST be ignored
by servers.


 Value  Name: SMB_FLAGS2_   Meaning                       First Used
 =====  =====               ============================  =========

 0x0001 KNOWS_LONG_NAMES    If set in a request, the      LM1.2X002
                            server may return long
                            components in path names in
                            the response.
 0x0002 KNOWS_EAS           If set, the client is aware
                            of extended attributes
                            (EAs).
 0x0004 SECURITY_SIGNATURE  If set, the SMB is integrity
                            checked
 0x0008 RESERVED1           Reserved for future use
 0x0040 IS_LONG_NAME        If set, any path name in the
                            request is a long name
 0x0800 EXT_SEC             If set, the client is aware   NT LM 0.12
                            of Extended Security
                            negotiation
 0x1000 DFS                 If set, any request           NT LM 0.12
                            pathnames in this SMB should
                            be resolved in the
                            Distributed File System.
 0x2000 PAGING_IO           If set, indicates that a
                            read will be permitted if
                            the client does not have
                            read permission but does
                            have execute permission.
                            This flag is only useful on
                            a read request.
 0x4000 ERR_STATUS          If set, specifies that the    NT LM 0.12
                            returned error code is a 32
                            bit error code in
                            Status.Status. Otherwise the
                            Status.DosError.ErrorClass
                            and Status.DosError.Error
                            fields contain the DOS-style
                            error information.  When
                            passing NT status codes is
                            negotiated, this flag should
                            be set for every SMB.
 0x8000 UNICODE             If set, any fields of         NT LM 0.12





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                            datatype STRING in this SMB
                            message are encoded as
                            UNICODE.  Otherwise, they
                            are in ASCII.


3.2.4      Tid Field

Tid represents an instance of an authenticated connection to a server
resource.  The server returns Tid to the client when the client
successfully connects to a resource, and the client uses Tid in
subsequent requests referring to the resource.

In most SMB requests, Tid must contain a valid value. Exceptions are
those used  prior to getting a Tid established, including
SMB_COM_NEGOTIATE, SMB_COM_TREE_CONNECT_ANDX, SMB_COM_ECHO, and
SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_ANDX. 0xFFFF should be used for Tid for these
situations.  The server is always responsible for enforcing use of a
valid Tid where appropriate.

On SMB_COM_TREE_DISCONNECT over a given transport connection, with a
given Tid, the server will close any files opened with that Tid over
that connection.


3.2.5      Pid Field

The Pid field identifies to the server the "process" that opened a file
(see SMB_COM_FLUSH) or that owns a byte range lock (see
SMB_COM_LOCKING_ANDX). This "process" may or may not correspond to the
client operating system's notion of process.

The client chooses the value of the Pid field; servers MUST set the Pid
field of responses to the same value as in the corresponding request.
The Pid is relative to a transport connection -- the same Pid in
requests sent over different connections will be considered to represent
a different process.


3.2.6      Uid Field

Uid is a user ID assigned by the server after a user authenticates to
it, and that it will associate with that user until the client requests
the association be broken. After authentication to the server, the
client SHOULD make sure that the Uid is not used for a different user
that the one that authenticated. (It is permitted that a single user
have more than one Uid.) Requests that do authorization, such as open






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requests, will perform access checks using the identity associated with
the Uid.


3.2.7      Mid Field

The multiplex ID (Mid) is used to allow multiplexing the single client
and server connection among the client's multiple processes, threads,
and requests per thread. Clients may have many outstanding requests at
one time. Servers MAY respond to requests in any order, but a response
message MUST always contain the same Mid value as the corresponding
request message. The client MUST NOT have multiple outstanding requests
to a server with the same Mid.


3.2.8      Status Field

An SMB returns error information to the client in the Status field.
Protocol dialects prior to NT LM 0.12 return status to the client using
the combination of Status.DosError.ErrorClass and Status.DosError.Error.
Beginning with NT LM 0.12 CIFS servers can return 32 bit error
information to clients using Status.Status if the incoming client SMB
has bit 14 set in the Flags2 field of the SMB header. The contents of
response parameters are not guaranteed in the case of an error return,
and must be ignored.  For write-behind activity, a subsequent write or
close of the file may return the fact that a previous write failed.
Normally write-behind failures are limited to hard disk errors and
device out of space.


3.2.9      Timeouts

In general, SMBs are not expected to block at the server; they should
return "immediately".  But some SMB requests do indicate timeout periods
for the completion of the request on the server.  If a server
implementation can not support timeouts, then an error can be returned
just as if a timeout had occurred if the resource is not available
immediately upon request.


3.2.10          Data Buffer (BUFFER) and String Formats

The data portion of SMBs typically contains the data to be read or
written, file paths, or directory paths.  The format of the data portion
depends on the message.  All fields in the data portion have the same
format.  In every case it consists of an identifier byte followed by the
data.





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           Identifier       Description               Value
           ===============  ========================= =====

           Data Block       See Below                 1
           Dialect          Null terminated String    2
           Pathname         Null terminated String    3
           ASCII            Null terminated String    4
           Variable block   See Below                 5



When the identifier indicates a data block or variable block then the
format is a word indicating the length followed by the data.

In all dialects prior to NT LM 0.12, all strings are encoded in ASCII.
If the agreed dialect is NT LM 0.12 or later, Unicode strings may be
exchanged. Unicode strings include file names, resource names, and user
names.  This applies to null-terminated strings, length specified
strings and the type-prefixed strings.  In all cases where a string is
passed in Unicode format, the Unicode string must be word-aligned with
respect to the beginning of the SMB.  Should the string not naturally
fall on a two-byte boundary, a null byte of padding will be inserted,
and the Unicode string will begin at the next address.  In the
description of the SMBs, items that may be encoded in Unicode or ASCII
are labeled as STRING.  If the encoding is ASCII, even if the negotiated
string is Unicode, the quantity is labeled as UCHAR.

For type-prefixed Unicode strings, the padding byte is found after the
type byte.  The type byte is 4 (indicating SMB_FORMAT_ASCII) independent
of whether the string is ASCII or Unicode. For strings whose start
addresses are found using offsets within the fixed part of the SMB (as
opposed to simply being found at the byte following the preceding
field,) it is guaranteed that the offset will be properly aligned.

Strings that are never passed in Unicode are:

  o The protocol strings in the Negotiate SMB request.

  o The service name string in the Tree_Connect_AndX SMB.

When Unicode is negotiated, the SMB_FLAGS2_UNICODE bit should be set in
the Flags2 field of every SMB header.

Despite the flexible encoding scheme, no field of a data portion may be
omitted or included out of order.  In addition, neither a WordCount nor
ByteCount of value 0 at the end of a message may be omitted.






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3.3   File Names

File names in the CIFS protocol consist of components separated by a
backslash ('\').  Early clients of the CIFS protocol required that the
name components adhere to an 8.3 format name.   These names consist of
two parts:  a basename of no more than 8 characters, and an extension of
no more than 3 characters.  The basename and extension are separated by
a '.'.  All characters are legal in the basename and extension except
the space character (0x20) and:

     " . / \[]:+|<>=;,*?

If the client has indicated long name support by setting bit2 in the
Flags2 field of the SMB header, this indicates that the client is not
bound by the 8.3 convention.  Specifically this indicates that any SMB
which returns file names to the client may return names which do not
adhere to the 8.3 convention, and have a total length of up to 255
characters.  This capability was introduced with the LM1.2X002 protocol
dialect.


3.4   Wildcards

Some SMB requests allow wildcards to be given for the filename.  The
wildcard allows a number of files to be operated on as a unit without
having to separately enumerate the files and individually operate on
each one from the client.

If the client is using 8.3 names, each part of the name ( base (8) or
extension (3) ) is treated separately.  For long filenames the . in the
name is significant even though there is no longer a restriction on the
size of each of the components.

The ? character is a wild card for a single character. If a filename
part commences with one or more "?"s then exactly that number of
characters will be matched by the wildcards, e.g., "??x" equals "abx"
but not "abcx" or "ax".  When a filename part has trailing "?"s then it
matches the specified number of characters or less, e.g., "x??" matches
"xab", "xa" and "x", but not "xabc".  If only "?"s are present in the
filename part, then it is handled as for trailing "?"s

The * character matches an entire part of the name, as does an empty
specification for that part.  A part consisting of * means that the rest
of the component should be filled with ? and the search should be
performed with this wildcard character.  For example, "*.abc" or ".abc"
match any file with an extension of "abc".  "*.*", "*" or "null" match
all files in a directory.





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If the negotiated dialect is "NT LM 0.12" or later, and the client
requires MS-DOS wildcard matching semantics,  UNICODE wildcards should
be translated according to the following rules:

    Translate the ? literal to >

    Translate the . literal to " if it is followed by a ? or a *

    Translate the * literal to < if it is followed by a .

The translation can be performed in-place.


3.5   DFS Pathnames

A DFS pathname adheres to the standard described in the FileNames
section.  A DFS enabled client accessing a DFS share should set the
Flags2 bit 12 in all name based SMB requests indicating to the server
that the enclosed pathname should be resolved in the Distributed File
System namespace. The pathname should always have the full file name,
including the server name and share name. If the server can resolve the
DFS name to a piece of local storage, the local storage will be
accessed. If the server determines that the DFS name actually maps to a
different server share, the access to the name will fail with the 32 bit
status STATUS_PATH_NOT_COVERED (0xC0000257), or DOS error
ERRsrv/ERRbadpath.

On receiving this error, the DFS enabled client should ask the server
for a referral (see TRANS2_GET_DFS_REFERRAL). The referral request
should contain the full file name.

The response to the request will contain a list of server and share
names to try, and the part of the request file name that junctions to
the list of server shares. If the ServerType field of the referral is
set to 1 (SMB server), then the client should resubmit the request with
the original file name to one of the server shares in the list, once
again setting the Flags2 bit 12 bit in the SMB. If the ServerType field
is not 1, then the client should strip off the part of the file name
that junctions to the server share before resubmitting the request to
one of servers in the list.

A response to a referral request may elicit a response that does not
have the StorageServers bit set. In that case, the client should
resubmit the referral request to one of the servers in the list, until
it finally obtains a referral response that has the StorageServers bit
set, at which point the client can resubmit the request SMB to one of
the listed server shares.





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If, after getting a referral with the StorageServers bit set and
resubmitting the request to one of the server shares in the list, the
server fails the request with STATUS_PATH_NOT_COVERED, it must be the
case that there is an inconsistency between the view of the DFS
namespace held by the server granting the referral and the server listed
in that referral. In this case, the client may inform the server
granting the referral of this inconsistency via the
TRANS2_REPORT_DFS_INCONSISTENCY SMB.


3.6   Time And Date Encoding

When SMB requests or responses encode time values, the following
describes the various encodings used.


struct {
        USHORT Day : 5;
        USHORT Month : 4;
        USHORT Year : 7;
} SMB_DATE;

The Year field has a range of 0-119, which represents years 1980 - 2099.
The Month is encoded as 1-12, and the day ranges from 1-31


struct {
        USHORT TwoSeconds : 5;
        USHORT Minutes : 6;
        USHORT Hours : 5;
} SMB_TIME;

Hours ranges from 0-23, Minutes range from 0-59, and TwoSeconds ranges
from 0-29 representing two second increments within the minute.


typedef struct {
    ULONG LowTime;
    LONG HighTime;
} TIME;

TIME indicates a signed 64-bit integer representing either an absolute
time or a time interval.  Times are specified in units of 100ns.  A
positive value expresses an absolute time, where the base time (the 64-
bit integer with value 0) is the beginning of the year 1601 AD in the
Gregorian calendar.  A negative value expresses a time interval relative
to some base time, usually the current time.


typedef unsigned long UTIME;

UTIME is the number of seconds since Jan 1, 1970, 00:00:00.0.




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3.7   Access Mode Encoding

Various client requests and server responses, such as SMB_COM_OPEN, pass
file access modes encoded into a USHORT.  The encoding of these is as
follows:

    1111 11
    5432 1098 7654 3210
    rWrC rLLL rSSS rAAA

 where:

    W - Write through mode.  No read ahead or write behind allowed on
        this file or device.  When the response is returned, data is
        expected to be on the disk or device.

    S - Sharing mode:
        0 - Compatibility mode
        1 - Deny read/write/execute (exclusive)
        2 - Deny write
        3 - Deny read/execute
        4 - Deny none

    A - Access mode
        0 - Open for reading
        1 - Open for writing
        2 - Open for reading and writing
        3 - Open for execute

    rSSSrAAA = 11111111 (hex FF) indicates FCB open (???)

    C - Cache mode
        0 - Normal file
        1 - Do not cache this file

    L - Locality of reference
        0 - Locality of reference is unknown
        1 - Mainly sequential access
        2 - Mainly random access
        3 - Random access with some locality
        4 to 7 - Currently undefined


3.8   Access Mask Encoding

The ACCESS_MASK structure is one 32 bit value containing standard,
specific, and generic rights. These rights are used in access-control





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entries (ACEs) and are the primary means of specifying the requested or
granted access to an object.

The bits in this value are allocated as follows:


  Bits    Meaning
  0  - 15 Specific rights. Contains the access mask specific to the
           object type associated with the mask.
  16 - 23 Standard rights. Contains the object's standard access rights
           and can be a combination of the following predefined flags:


  Bit   Flag          Meaning


  16    DELETE        Delete access
  17    READ_CONTROL  Read access to the owner, group, and
                       discretionary access-control list (ACL) of the
                       security descriptor
  18    WRITE_DAC     Write access to the discretionary access-
                       control list (ACL)
  19    WRITE_OWNER   Write access to owner
  20    SYNCHRONIZE   Windows NT: Synchronize access


  Bits    Meaning


  24      Access system security (ACCESS_SYSTEM_SECURITY). This flag is
           not a typical access type. It is used to indicate access to a
           system ACL. This type of access requires the calling process to
           have a specific privilege.
  25      Maximum allowed (MAXIMUM_ALLOWED)
  26, 27  Reserved
  28      Generic all (GENERIC_ALL)
  29      Generic execute (GENERIC_EXECUTE)
  30      Generic write (GENERIC_WRITE)
  31      Generic read (GENERIC_READ)

3.9   Open Function Encoding

OpenFunction specifies the action to be taken depending on whether or
not the file exists.  This word has the following format:

bits:

    1111 11
    5432 1098 7654 3210
    rrrr rrrr rrrC rrOO






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where:

    C - Create (action to be taken if file does not exist).
     0 -- Fail.
     1 -- Create file.

    r - reserved (must be zero).

    O - Open (action to be taken if file exists).
     0 - Fail.
     1 - Open file.
     2 - Truncate file.


3.10  Open Action Encoding

Action in the response to an open or create request describes the action
taken as a result of the request.  It has the following format:

bits:

    1111 11
    5432 1098 7654 3210
    Lrrr rrrr rrrr rrOO

where:

    L - Lock (single user total file lock status).
     0 -- file opened by another user (or mode not supported by server).
     1 -- file is opened only by this user at the present  time.

    r - reserved (must be zero).

    O - Open (action taken on Open).
     1 - The file existed and was opened.
     2 - The file did not exist but was created.
     3 - The file existed and was truncated.


3.11  File Attribute Encoding

When SMB messages exchange file attribute information, it is encoded in
16 bits as:









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   Value   Description
   ======= =====================

   0x01    Read only file
   0x02    Hidden file
   0x04    System file
   0x08    Volume
   0x10    Directory
   0x20    Archive file
   others  Reserved - must be 0




3.12  Extended File Attribute Encoding

The extended file attributes is a 32 bit value composed of attributes
and flags.

Any combination of the following attributes is acceptable, except all
other file attributes override FILE_ATTR_NORMAL:


Name             Value Meaning
====             ===== =======
ATTR_ARCHIVE     0x020 The file has not been archived since it was
                       last modified. Applications use this
                       attribute to mark files for backup or
                       removal.
ATTR_COMPRESSED  0x800 The file or directory is compressed. For a
                       file, this means that all of the data in the
                       file is compressed. For a directory, this
                       means that compression is the default for
                       newly created files and subdirectories.
ATTR_NORMAL      0x080 The file has no other attributes set. This
                       attribute is valid only if used alone.
ATTR_HIDDEN      0x002 The file is hidden. It is not to be included
                       in an ordinary directory listing.
ATTR_READONLY    0x001 The file is read only. Applications can read
                       the file but cannot write to it or delete it.
ATTR_TEMPORARY   0x100 The file is temporary
ATTR_DIRECTORY   0x010 The file is a directory
ATTR_SYSTEM      0x004 The file is part of or is used exclusively by
                       the operating system.











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Any combination of the following flags is acceptable:


Name             Value      Meaning
====             =====      =======
WRITE_THROUGH    0x80000000 Instructs the operating system to write
                             through any intermediate cache and go
                             directly to the file. The operating
                             system can still cache write
                             operations, but cannot lazily flush
                             them.
NO_BUFFERING     0x20000000 Requests the server to open the file
                             with no intermediate buffering or
                             caching; the server is not obliged to
                             honor the request. An application must
                             meet certain requirements when working
                             with files opened with
                             FILE_FLAG_NO_BUFFERING. File access
                             must begin at offsets within the file
                             that are integer multiples of the
                             volume's sector size; and must be for
                             numbers of bytes that are integer
                             multiples of the volume's sector size.
                             For example, if the sector size is 512
                             bytes, an application can request reads
                             and writes of 512, 1024, or 2048 bytes,
                             but not of 335, 981, or 7171 bytes.
RANDOM_ACCESS    0x10000000 Indicates that the application intends
                             to access the file randomly. The server
                             MAY use this flag to optimize file
                             caching.
SEQUENTIAL_SCAN  0x08000000 Indicates that the file is to be
                             accessed sequentially from beginning to
                             end. Windows uses this flag to optimize
                             file caching. If an application moves
                             the file pointer for random access,
                             optimum caching may not occur; however,
                             correct operation is still guaranteed.
                             Specifying this flag can increase
                             performance for applications that read
                             large files using sequential access.
                             Performance gains can be even more
                             noticeable for applications that read
                             large files mostly sequentially, but
                             occasionally skip over small ranges of
                             bytes.
DELETE_ON_CLOSE  0x04000000 Requests that the server is delete the
                             file immediately after all of its
                             handles have been closed.




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BACKUP_SEMANTICS 0x02000000 Indicates that the file is being opened
                             or created for a backup or restore
                             operation. The server SHOULD allow the
                             client to override normal file security
                             checks, provided it has the necessary
                             permission to do so.
POSIX_SEMANTICS  0x01000000 Indicates that the file is to be
                             accessed according to POSIX rules. This
                             includes allowing multiple files with
                             names differing only in case, for file
                             systems that support such naming. (Use
                             care when using this option because
                             files created with this flag may not be
                             accessible by applications written for
                             MS-DOS, Windows 3.x, or Windows NT.)



3.13  Batching Requests ("AndX" Messages)

LANMAN1.0 and later dialects of the CIFS protocol allow multiple SMB
requests to be sent in one message to the server.  Messages of this type
are called AndX SMBs, and they obey the following rules:

o The embedded command does not repeat the SMB header information.
  Rather the next SMB starts at the WordCount field.

o All multiple (chained) requests must fit within the negotiated
  transmit size.  For example, if SMB_COM_TREE_CONNECT_ANDX included
  OPENandX SMB_COM_OPEN_ANDX which included SMB_COM_WRITE were sent,
  they would all have to fit within the negotiated buffer size.  This
  would limit the size of the write.

o There is one message sent containing the chained requests and there
  is one response message to the chained requests.  The server may NOT
  elect to send separate responses to each of the chained requests.

o All chained responses must fit within the negotiated transmit size.
  This limits the maximum value on an embedded SMB_COM_READ for
  example.  It is the client's responsibility to not request more bytes
  than will fit within the multiple response.

o The server will implicitly use the result of the first command in the
  "X" command.  For example the Tid obtained via
  SMB_COM_TREE_CONNECT_ANDX would be used in the embedded
  SMB_COM_OPEN_ANDX and the Fid obtained in the SMB_COM_OPEN_ANDX would
  be used in the embedded SMB_COM_READ.





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o Each chained request can only reference the same Fid and Tid as the
  other commands in the combined request.  The chained requests can be
  thought of as performing a single (multi-part) operation on the same
  resource.

o The first Command to encounter an error will stop all further
  processing of embedded commands.  The server will not back out
  commands that succeeded.  Thus if a chained request contained
  SMB_COM_OPEN_ANDX and SMB_COM_READ and the server was able to open
  the file successfully but the read encountered an error, the file
  would remain open.  This is exactly the same as if the requests had
  been sent separately.

o If an error occurs while processing chained requests, the last
  response (of the chained responses in the buffer) will be the one
  which encountered the error.  Other unprocessed chained requests will
  have been ignored when the server encountered the error and will not
  be represented in the chained response.  Actually the last valid
  AndXCommand (if any) will represent the SMB on which the error
  occurred.  If no valid AndXCommand is present, then the error
  occurred on the first request/response and Command contains the
  command which failed.  In all cases the error information are
  returned in the SMB header at the start of the response buffer.

o Each chained request and response contains the offset (from the start
  of the SMB header) to the next chained request/response (in the
  AndXOffset field in the various "and X" protocols defined later e.g.
  SMB_COM_OPEN_ANDX).  This allows building the requests unpacked.
  There may be space between the end of the previous request (as
  defined by WordCount and ByteCount) and the start of the next chained
  request.  This simplifies the building of chained protocol requests.
  Note that because the client must know the size of the data being
  returned in order to post the correct number of receives (e.g.
  SMB_COM_TRANSACTION, SMB_COM_READ_MPX), the data in each response SMB
  is expected to be truncated to the maximum number of 512 byte blocks
  (sectors) which will fit (starting at a 32 bit boundary) in the
  negotiated buffer size with the odd bytes remaining (if any) in the
  final buffer.


3.14  "Transaction" Style Subprotocols

The "transaction" style subprotocols are used for commands that
potentially need to transfer a large amount of data (greater than 64K
bytes).







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3.14.1     SMB_COM_TRANSACTION2 Format


 Primary Client Request           Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 Command                          SMB_COM_TRANSACTION2
 UCHAR WordCount;                 Count of parameter words;   value =
                                  (14 + SetupCount)
 USHORT TotalParameterCount;      Total parameter bytes being sent
 USHORT TotalDataCount;           Total data bytes being sent
 USHORT MaxParameterCount;        Max parameter bytes to return
 USHORT MaxDataCount;             Max data bytes to return
 UCHAR MaxSetupCount;             Max setup words to return
 UCHAR Reserved;
 USHORT Flags;                    Additional information:
                                  bit 0 - also disconnect TID in TID
 ULONG Timeout;
 USHORT Reserved2;
 USHORT ParameterCount;           Parameter bytes sent this buffer
 USHORT ParameterOffset;          Offset (from header start) to
                                  Parameters
 USHORT DataCount;                Data bytes sent this buffer
 USHORT DataOffset;               Offset (from header start) to data
 UCHAR SetupCount;                Count of setup words
 UCHAR Reserved3;                 Reserved (pad above to word)
 USHORT Setup[SetupCount];        Setup words (# = SetupWordCount)
 USHORT ByteCount;                Count of data bytes
 STRING Name[];                   Must be NULL
 UCHAR Pad[];                     Pad to SHORT or LONG
 UCHAR Parameters[                Parameter bytes (# = ParameterCount)
 ParameterCount];
 UCHAR Pad1[];                    Pad to SHORT or LONG
 UCHAR Data[ DataCount ];         Data bytes (# = DataCount)



 Interim Server Response          Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                 Count of parameter words = 0
 USHORT ByteCount;                Count of data bytes = 0














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 Secondary Client Request         Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 Command                          SMB_COM_TRANSACTION_SECONDARY

 UCHAR WordCount;                 Count of parameter words = 8
 USHORT TotalParameterCount;      Total parameter bytes being sent
 USHORT TotalDataCount;           Total data bytes being sent
 USHORT ParameterCount;           Parameter bytes sent this buffer
 USHORT ParameterOffset;          Offset (from header start) to
                                  Parameters
 USHORT ParameterDisplacement;    Displacement of these Parameter
                                  bytes
 USHORT DataCount;                Data bytes sent this buffer
 USHORT DataOffset;               Offset (from header start) to data
 USHORT DataDisplacement;         Displacement of these data bytes
 USHORT Fid;                      FID for handle based requests, else
                                  0xFFFF.  This field is present only
                                  if this is an SMB_COM_TRANSACTION2
                                  request.
 USHORT ByteCount;                Count of data bytes
 UCHAR Pad[];                     Pad to SHORT or LONG
 UCHAR                            Parameter bytes (# = ParameterCount)
 Parameters[ParameterCount];
 UCHAR Pad1[];                    Pad to SHORT or LONG
 UCHAR Data[DataCount];           Data bytes (# = DataCount)



























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 Server Response                  Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                 Count of data bytes; value = 10 +
                                  SetupCount
 USHORT TotalParameterCount;      Total parameter bytes being sent
 USHORT TotalDataCount;           Total data bytes being sent
 USHORT Reserved;
 USHORT ParameterCount;           Parameter bytes sent this buffer
 USHORT ParameterOffset;          Offset (from header start) to
                                  Parameters
 USHORT ParameterDisplacement;    Displacement of these Parameter
                                  bytes
 USHORT DataCount;                Data bytes sent this buffer
 USHORT DataOffset;               Offset (from header start) to data
 USHORT DataDisplacement;         Displacement of these data bytes
 UCHAR SetupCount;                Count of setup words
 UCHAR Reserved2;                 Reserved (pad above to word)
 USHORT Setup[SetupWordCount];    Setup words (# = SetupWordCount)
 USHORT ByteCount;                Count of data bytes
 UCHAR Pad[];                     Pad to SHORT or LONG
 UCHAR                            Parameter bytes (# = ParameterCount)
 Parameters[ParameterCount];
 UCHAR Pad1[];                    Pad to SHORT or LONG
 UCHAR Data[DataCount];           Data bytes (# = DataCount)


3.14.2    3.13.2     SMB_COM_NT_TRANSACTION Formats


 Primary Client Request           Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                 Count of parameter words;   value =
                                  (19 + SetupCount)
 UCHAR MaxSetupCount;             Max setup words to return
 USHORT Reserved;
 ULONG TotalParameterCount;       Total parameter bytes being sent
 ULONG TotalDataCount;            Total data bytes being sent
 ULONG MaxParameterCount;         Max parameter bytes to return
 ULONG MaxDataCount;              Max data bytes to return
 ULONG ParameterCount;            Parameter bytes sent this buffer
 ULONG ParameterOffset;           Offset (from header start) to
                                  Parameters
 ULONG DataCount;                 Data bytes sent this buffer
 ULONG DataOffset;                Offset (from header start) to data
 UCHAR SetupCount;                Count of setup words
 USHORT Function;                 The transaction function code
 UCHAR Buffer[1];
 USHORT Setup[SetupWordCount];    Setup words
 USHORT ByteCount;                Count of data bytes





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 UCHAR Pad1[];                    Pad to LONG
 UCHAR                            Parameter bytes
 Parameters[ParameterCount];
 UCHAR Pad2[];                    Pad to LONG
 UCHAR Data[DataCount];   Data
 bytes



 Interim Server Response          Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                 Count of parameter words = 0
 USHORT ByteCount;                Count of data bytes = 0



 Secondary Client Request         Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                 Count of parameter words = 18
 UCHAR Reserved[3];               MBZ
 ULONG TotalParameterCount;       Total parameter bytes being sent
 ULONG TotalDataCount;            Total data bytes being sent
 ULONG ParameterCount;            Parameter bytes sent this buffer
 ULONG ParameterOffset;           Offset (from header start) to
                                  Parameters
 ULONG ParameterDisplacement;     Specifies the offset from the start
                                  of the overall parameter block to
                                  the parameter bytes that are
                                  contained in this message
 ULONG DataCount;                 Data bytes sent this buffer
 ULONG DataOffset;                Offset (from header start) to data
 ULONG DataDisplacement;          Specifies the offset from the start
                                  of the overall data block to the
                                  data bytes that are contained in
                                  this message.
 UCHAR Reserved1;
 USHORT ByteCount;                Count of data bytes
 UCHAR Pad1[];                    Pad to LONG
 UCHAR                            Parameter bytes
 Parameters[ParameterCount];
 UCHAR Pad2[];                    Pad to LONG
 UCHAR Data[DataCount];           Data bytes












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 Server Response                  Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                 Count of data bytes;  value = 18 +
                                  SetupCount
 UCHAR Reserved[3];
 ULONG TotalParameterCount;       Total parameter bytes being sent
 ULONG TotalDataCount;            Total data bytes being sent
 ULONG ParameterCount;            Parameter bytes sent this buffer
 ULONG ParameterOffset;           Offset (from header start) to
                                  Parameters
 ULONG ParameterDisplacement;     Specifies the offset from the start
                                  of the overall parameter block to
                                  the parameter bytes that are
                                  contained in this message
 ULONG DataCount;                 Data bytes sent this buffer
 ULONG DataOffset;                Offset (from header start) to data
 ULONG DataDisplacement;          Specifies the offset from the start
                                  of the overall data block to the
                                  data bytes that are contained in
                                  this message.
 UCHAR SetupCount;                Count of setup words
 USHORT Setup[SetupWordCount];    Setup words
 USHORT ByteCount;                Count of data bytes
 UCHAR Pad1[];                    Pad to LONG
 UCHAR                            Parameter bytes
 Parameters[ParameterCount];
 UCHAR Pad2[];                    Pad to SHORT or LONG
 UCHAR Data[DataCount];           Data bytes


3.14.3          Functional Description

The transaction Setup information and/or Parameters define functions
specific to a particular resource on a particular server.  Therefore the
functions supported are not defined by the transaction sub-protocol.
The transaction protocol simply provides a means of delivering them and
retrieving the results.

The number of bytes needed in order to perform the transaction request
may be more than will fit in a single buffer.

At the time of the request, the client knows the number of parameter and
data bytes expected to be sent and passes this information to the server
via the primary request (TotalParameterCount and TotalDataCount).  This
may be reduced by lowering the total number of bytes expected
(TotalParameterCount and TotalDataCount) in each (if any) secondary
request.






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When the amount of parameter bytes received (total of each
ParameterCount) equals the total amount of parameter bytes expected
(smallest TotalParameterCount) received, then the server has received
all the parameter bytes.

Likewise, when the amount of data bytes received (total of each
DataCount) equals the total amount of data bytes expected (smallest
TotalDataCount) received, then the server has received all the data
bytes.

The parameter bytes should normally be sent first followed by the data
bytes.  However, the server knows where each begins and ends in each
buffer by the offset fields (ParameterOffset and DataOffset) and the
length fields (ParameterCount and DataCount).  The displacement of the
bytes (relative to start of each) is also known (ParameterDisplacement
and DataDisplacement).  Thus the server is able to reassemble the
parameter and data bytes should the individual requests be received out
of sequence.

If all parameter bytes and data bytes fit into a single buffer, then no
interim response is expected and no secondary request is sent.

The client knows the maximum amount of data bytes and parameter bytes
which the server may return (from MaxParameterCount and MaxDataCount of
the request).  Thus the client initializes its bytes expected variables
to these values.  The server then informs the client of the actual
amounts being returned via each message of the server response
(TotalParameterCount and TotalDataCount).  The server may reduce the
expected bytes by lowering the total number of bytes expected
(TotalParameterCount and/or TotalDataCount) in each (any) response.

When the amount of parameter bytes received (total of each
ParameterCount) equals the total amount of parameter bytes expected
(smallest TotalParameterCount) received, then the client has received
all the parameter bytes.

Likewise, when the amount of data bytes received (total of each
DataCount) equals the total amount of data bytes expected (smallest
TotalDataCount) received, then the client has received all the data
bytes.

The parameter bytes should normally be returned first followed by the
data bytes.  However, the client knows where each begins and ends in
each buffer by the offset fields (ParameterOffset and DataOffset) and
the length fields (ParameterCount and DataCount).  The displacement of
the bytes (relative to start of each) is also known
(ParameterDisplacement and DataDisplacement).  The client is able to





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reassemble the parameter and data bytes should the server responses be
received out of sequence.

The flow for these transactions over a connection oriented transport is:

1.    The client sends the primary client request identifying the total
bytes (both parameters and data) which are expected to be sent and
contains the set up words and as many of the parameter and data bytes
as will fit in a negotiated size buffer.  This request also identifies
the maximum number of bytes (setup, parameters and data) the server is
to return on the transaction completion.  If all the bytes fit in the
single buffer, skip to step 4.

2.    The server responds with a single interim response meaning "OK, send
the remainder of the bytes" or (if error response) terminate the
transaction.

3.    The client then sends another buffer full of bytes to the server.
This step is repeated until all of the bytes are sent and received.

4.    The Server sets up and performs the transaction with the information
provided.

5.    Upon completion of the transaction, the server sends back (up to)
the number of parameter and data bytes requested (or as many as will
fit in the negotiated buffer size).  This step is repeated until all
result bytes have been returned.

The flow for the transaction protocol when the request parameters and
data do not all fit in a single buffer is:


 Client                           <->  Server
 ===============================  ==== ==============================

 Primary TRANSACTION request      ->
                                  <-   Interim Server Response
 Secondary TRANSACTION request 1  ->
 Secondary TRANSACTION request 2  ->
 Secondary TRANSACTION request N  ->
                                  <-   TRANSACTION response 1
                                  <-   TRANSACTION response 2
                                  <-   TRANSACTION response m

The flow for the transaction protocol when the request parameters and
data does all fit in a single buffer is:









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 Client                           <->  Server
 ===============================  ==== ==============================

 Primary TRANSACTION request      ->
                                  <-   TRANSACTION response 1
                                  <-   TRANSACTION response 2
                                  <-   TRANSACTION response m



The primary transaction request through the final response make up the
complete transaction exchange, thus the Tid, Pid, Uid and Mid must remain
constant and can be used as appropriate by both the server and the
client.  Of course, other SMB requests may intervene as well.

There are (at least) three ways that actual server responses have been
observed to differ from what might be expected.  First, some servers will
send Pad bytes to move the DataOffset to a 2- or 4-byte boundary even if
there are no data bytes; the point here is that the ByteCount must be
used instead of ParameterOffset plus ParameterCount to infer the actual
message length.  Second, some servers always return MaxParameterCount
bytes even if the particular Transact2 has no parameter response.
Finally, in case of an error, some servers send the "traditional
WordCount==0/ByteCount==0" response while others generate a Transact
response format.


3.15  Valid SMB Requests by Negotiated Dialect

CIFS clients and servers may exchange the following SMB messages if the
"PC NETWORK PROGRAM 1.0" dialect is negotiated:


SMB_COM_CREATE_DIRECTORY        SMB_COM_DELETE_DIRECTORY
SMB_COM_OPEN                    SMB_COM_CREATE
SMB_COM_CLOSE                   SMB_COM_FLUSH
SMB_COM_DELETE                  SMB_COM_RENAME
SMB_COM_QUERY_INFORMATION       SMB_COM_SET_INFORMATION
SMB_COM_READ                    SMB_COM_WRITE
SMB_COM_LOCK_BYTE_RANGE         SMB_COM_UNLOCK_BYTE_RANGE
SMB_COM_CREATE_TEMPORARY        SMB_COM_CREATE_NEW
SMB_COM_CHECK_DIRECTORY         SMB_COM_PROCESS_EXIT
SMB_COM_SEEK                    SMB_COM_TREE_CONNECT
SMB_COM_TREE_DISCONNECT         SMB_COM_NEGOTIATE
SMB_COM_QUERY_INFORMATION_DISK  SMB_COM_SEARCH
SMB_COM_OPEN_PRINT_FILE         SMB_COM_WRITE_PRINT_FILE
SMB_COM_CLOSE_PRINT_FILE        SMB_COM_GET_PRINT_QUEUE








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If the "LANMAN 1.0" dialect is negotiated, all of the messages in the
previous list must be supported.  Clients negotiating LANMAN 1.0 and
higher dialects will probably no longer send SMB_COM_PROCESS_EXIT, and
the response format for SMB_COM_NEGOTIATE is modified as well.  New
messages introduced with the LANMAN 1.0 dialect are:


SMB_COM_LOCK_AND_READ         SMB_COM_WRITE_AND_UNLOCK
SMB_COM_READ_RAW              SMB_COM_READ_MPX
SMB_COM_WRITE_MPX             SMB_COM_WRITE_RAW
SMB_COM_WRITE_COMPLETE        SMB_COM_WRITE_MPX_SECONDARY
SMB_COM_SET_INFORMATION2      SMB_COM_QUERY_INFORMATION2
SMB_COM_LOCKING_ANDX          SMB_COM_TRANSACTION
SMB_COM_TRANSACTION_SECONDARY SMB_COM_IOCTL
SMB_COM_IOCTL_SECONDARY       SMB_COM_COPY
SMB_COM_MOVE                  SMB_COM_ECHO
SMB_COM_WRITE_AND_CLOSE       SMB_COM_OPEN_ANDX
SMB_COM_READ_ANDX             SMB_COM_WRITE_ANDX
SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_ANDX    SMB_COM_TREE_CONNECT_ANDX
SMB_COM_FIND                  SMB_COM_FIND_UNIQUE
SMB_COM_FIND_CLOSE


The "LM1.2X002" dialect introduces these new SMBs:


SMB_COM_TRANSACTION2          SMB_COM_TRANSACTION2_SECONDARY
SMB_COM_FIND_CLOSE2           SMB_COM_LOGOFF_ANDX


"NT LM 0.12" dialect introduces:


SMB_COM_NT_TRANSACT           SMB_COM_NT_TRANSACT_SECONDARY
SMB_COM_NT_CREATE_ANDX        SMB_COM_NT_CANCEL
SMB_COM_NT_RENAME

4    SMB Requests

This section lists the "best practice" SMB requests -- ones that would
permit a client to exercise full CIFS functionality and optimum
performance when interoperating with a server speaking the latest
dialect as of this writing ("NT LM 0.12").

Note that, as of this writing, no existing client restricts itself to
only these requests, so no useful server can be written that supports
just them. The classification is provided so that future clients will be
written to permit future servers to be simpler.








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4.1   Session Requests


4.1.1       NEGOTIATE: Negotiate Protocol


Client Request                Description
============================  =======================================

UCHAR WordCount;              Count of parameter words = 0
USHORT ByteCount;             Count of data bytes; min = 2
struct {
   UCHAR BufferFormat;        0x02 -- Dialect
   UCHAR DialectName[];       ASCII null-terminated string
} Dialects[];



The Client sends a list of dialects that it can communicate with.  The
response is a selection of one of those dialects (numbered 0 through n)
or -1 (hex FFFF) indicating that none of the dialects were acceptable.
The negotiate message is binding on the virtual circuit and must be
sent.  One and only one negotiate message may be sent, subsequent
negotiate requests will be rejected with an error response and no action
will be taken.

The protocol does not impose any particular structure to the dialect
strings.  Implementers of particular protocols may choose to include,
for example, version numbers in the string.

If the server does not understand any of the dialect strings, or if PC
NETWORK PROGRAM 1.0 is the chosen dialect, the response format is


Server Response               Description
============================  =======================================

UCHAR WordCount;              Count of parameter words = 1
USHORT DialectIndex;          Index of selected dialect
USHORT ByteCount;             Count of data bytes = 0

















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If the chosen dialect is greater than core up to and including
LANMAN2.1, the protocol response format is


Server Response               Description
============================  =======================================

UCHAR WordCount;              Count of parameter words = 13
USHORT  DialectIndex;         Index of selected dialect
USHORT  SecurityMode;         Security mode:
                              bit 0: 0 = share, 1 = user
                              bit 1: 1 = use challenge/response
                              authentication
USHORT  MaxBufferSize;        Max transmit buffer size (>= 1024)
USHORT  MaxMpxCount;          Max pending multiplexed requests
USHORT  MaxNumberVcs;         Max VCs between client and server
USHORT  RawMode;              Raw modes supported:
                               bit 0: 1 = Read Raw supported
                               bit 1: 1 = Write Raw supported
ULONG SessionKey;             Unique token identifying this session
SMB_TIME ServerTime;          Current time at server
SMB_DATE ServerDate;          Current date at server
USHORT ServerTimeZone;        Current time zone at server
USHORT  ChallengeLength;      Length of Challenge; MBZ if not LM2.1
                              dialect or later
USHORT  Reserved;             MBZ
USHORT  ByteCount             Count of data bytes
UCHAR Challenge[];            The challenge
STRING PrimaryDomain[];       The server's primary domain



MaxBufferSize is the size of the largest message which the client can
legitimately send to the server.

If  bit0 of the Flags field is set in the negotiate response, this
indicates the server supports the obsolescent SMB_COM_LOCK_AND_READ and
SMB_COM_WRITE_AND_UNLOCK client requests.

If the SecurityMode field indicates the server is running in user mode,
the client must send appropriate SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_ANDX requests
before the server will allow the client to access resources.   If the
SecurityMode field indicates the client should use challenge/response
authentication, the client should use the authentication mechanism
specified in the CIFS Security document.

Clients using the  "MICROSOFT NETWORKS 1.03" dialect use a different
form of raw reads than documented here, and servers are better off
setting RawMode in this response to 0 for such sessions.






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If the negotiated dialect is "DOS LANMAN2.1" or "LANMAN2.1", then
PrimaryDomain string should be included in this response.

If the negotiated dialect is NT LM 0.12, the response format is


Server Response       Description
===================== =========================================
=
UCHAR WordCount;      Count of parameter words = 17
USHORT DialectIndex;  Index of selected dialect
UCHAR SecurityMode;   Security mode:
                       bit 0: 0 = share, 1 = user
                       bit 1: 1 = use challenge/response
                       authentication
                       bit 2: 1 = Security Signatures (SMB integrity
                       check) enabled
                       bit 3: 1 = Security Signatures (SMB integrity
                       check) required
USHORT MaxMpxCount;   Max pending outstanding requests
USHORT MaxNumberVcs;  Max VCs between client and server
ULONG MaxBufferSize;  Max transmit buffer size
ULONG MaxRawSize;     Maximum raw buffer size
ULONG SessionKey;     Unique token identifying this session
ULONG Capabilities;   Server capabilities
ULONG SystemTimeLow;  System (UTC) time of the server (low).
ULONG SystemTimeHigh; System (UTC) time of the server (high).
USHORT                Time zone of server (minutes from UTC)
ServerTimeZone;
UCHAR                 Length of SecurityBlob
SecurityBlobLength;
USHORT ByteCount;     Count of data bytes
UCHAR GUID[16]        A globally unique identifier assigned to the
                       server; present only when
                       CAP_EXTENDED_SECURITY is on in the
                       Capabilities field.
UCHAR SecurityBlob[]  Opaque Security Blob associated with the
                       security package if CAP_EXTENDED_SECURITY is
                       on in the Capabilities field; else challenge
                       for CIFS challenge/response authentication.
UCHAR                 The name of the domain (in OEM chars); not
OemDomainName[];      present  if CAP_EXTENDED_SECURITY is on in the
                       Capabilities field



In addition to the definitions above, MaxBufferSize is the size of the
largest message which the client can legitimately send to the server.
If the client is using a connectionless protocol, MaxBufferSize must be





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set to the smaller of the server's internal buffer size and the amount
of data which can be placed in a response packet.

MaxRawSize specifies the maximum message size the server can send or
receive for the obsolescent SMB_COM_WRITE_RAW or SMB_COM_READ_RAW
requests.

Capabilities allows the server to tell the client what it supports.  The
bit definitions are:


Capability Name        Encoding   Meaning
====================   ========   ==================================
CAP_RAW_MODE           0x0001     The server supports
                                   SMB_COM_READ_RAW and
                                   SMB_COM_WRITE_RAW (obsolescent)
CAP_MPX_MODE           0x0002     The server supports
                                   SMB_COM_READ_MPX and
                                   SMB_COM_WRITE_MPX (obsolescent)
CAP_UNICODE            0x0004     The server supports Unicode
                                   strings
CAP_LARGE_FILES        0x0008     The server supports large files
                                   with 64 bit offsets
CAP_NT_SMBS            0x0010     The server supports the SMBs
                                   particular to the NT LM 0.12
                                   dialect. Implies CAP_NT_FIND.
CAP_RPC_REMOTE_APIS    0x0020     The server supports remote admin
                                   API requests via DCE RPC
CAP_STATUS32           0x0040     The server can respond with 32 bit
                                   status codes in Status.Status
CAP_LEVEL_II_OPLOCKS   0x0080     The server supports level 2
                                   oplocks
CAP_LOCK_AND_READ      0x0100     The server supports the
                                   SMB_COM_LOCK_AND_READ SMB
CAP_NT_FIND            0x0200
CAP_DFS                0x1000     The server is DFS aware
CAP_LARGE_READX        0x4000     The server supports large
                                   SMB_COM_READ_ANDX
CAP_LARGE_WRITEX       0x8000     The server supports large
                                   SMB_COM_READ_ANDX
CAP_RESERVED           0x02000000 Reserved for future use.
CAP_EXTENDED_SECURITY  0x80000000 The server supports extended
                                   security exchanges.



Undefined bit MUST be set to zero by servers, and MUST be ignored by
clients.






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Extended security exchanges provides a means of supporting arbitrary
authentication protocols within CIFS. Security blobs are opaque to the
CIFS protocol; they are messages in some authentication protocol that
has been agreed upon by client and server by some out of band mechanism,
for which CIFS merely functions as a transport. When
CAP_EXTENDED_SECURITY is negotiated, the server includes a first
security blob in its response; subsequent security blobs are exchanged
in SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_ANDX requests and responses until the
authentication protocol terminates.


4.1.1.1   Errors

SUCCESS/SUCCESS
ERRSRV/ERRerror


4.1.2       SESSION_SETUP_ANDX: Session Setup

This SMB is used to further "Set up" the session normally just
established via the negotiate protocol.

One primary function is to perform a "user logon" in the case where the
server is in user level security mode.  The Uid in the SMB header is set
by the client to be the userid desired for the AccountName and validated
by the AccountPassword.


























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4.1.2.1   Pre NT LM 0.12

If the negotiated protocol is prior to NT LM 0.12, the format of
SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_ANDX is:


Client Request                 Description
============================== =====================================

    UCHAR WordCount;           Count of parameter words = 10
UCHAR AndXCommand;             Secondary (X) command; 0xFF = none
UCHAR AndXReserved;            Reserved (must be 0)
USHORT AndXOffset;             Offset to next command WordCount
USHORT MaxBufferSize;          Client maximum buffer size
USHORT MaxMpxCount;            Actual maximum multiplexed pending
                                requests
USHORT VcNumber;               0 = first (only), nonzero=additional
                                VC number
ULONG SessionKey;              Session key (valid iff VcNumber != 0)
USHORT PasswordLength;         Account password size
ULONG Reserved;                Must be 0
USHORT ByteCount;              Count of data bytes;    min = 0
UCHAR AccountPassword[];       Account Password
STRING AccountName[];          Account Name
STRING PrimaryDomain[];        Client's primary domain
STRING NativeOS[];             Client's native operating system
STRING NativeLanMan[];         Client's native LAN Manager type



and the response is:


Server Response                    Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 3
UCHAR AndXCommand;                 Secondary (X) command;  0xFF =
                                    none
UCHAR AndXReserved;                Reserved (must be 0)
USHORT AndXOffset;                 Offset to next command WordCount
USHORT Action;                     Request mode:
                                    bit0 = logged in as GUEST
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes
STRING NativeOS[];                 Server's native operating system
STRING NativeLanMan[];             Server's native LAN Manager type
STRING PrimaryDomain[];            Server's primary domain



If the server is in "share level security mode", the account name and
password should be ignored by the server.






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If challenge/response authentication is not being used, AccountPassword
should be a null terminated ASCII string with PasswordLength set to the
string size including the null; the password will case insensitive. If
challenge/response authentication is being used, then AccountPassword
will be the response to the server's challenge, and PasswordLength
should be set to its length.

The server validates the name and password supplied and if valid, it
registers the user identifier on this session as representing the
specified AccountName.  The Uid  field in the SMB header will then be
used to validate access on subsequent SMB requests.  The SMB requests
where permission checks are required are those which refer to a
symbolically named resource such as SMB_COM_OPEN, SMB_COM_RENAME,
SMB_COM_DELETE, etc..  The value of the Uid is relative to a specific
client/server session so it is possible to have the same Uid value
represent two different users on two different sessions at the server.

Multiple session setup commands may be sent to register additional users
on this session.  If the server receives an additional
SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_ANDX, only the Uid, AccountName and
AccountPassword fields need contain valid values (the server MUST ignore
the other fields).

The client writes the name of its domain in PrimaryDomain if it knows
what the domain name is.  If the domain name is unknown, the client
either encodes it as a NULL string, or as a question mark.

If bit0 of Action is set, this informs the client that although the
server did not recognize the AccountName, it logged the user in as a
guest.  This is optional behavior by the server, and in any case one
would ordinarily expect guest privileges to limited.

Another function of the Session Set Up protocol is to inform the server
of the maximum values which will be utilized by this client.  Here
MaxBufferSize is the maximum message size which the client can receive.
Thus although the server may support 16k buffers (as returned in the
SMB_COM_NEGOTIATE response), if the client only has 4k buffers, the
value of MaxBufferSize here would be 4096.  The minimum allowable value
for MaxBufferSize is 1024.  The SMB_COM_NEGOTIATE response includes the
server buffer size supported.  Thus this is the maximum SMB message size
which the client can send to the server.  This size may be larger than
the size returned to the server from the client via the
SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_AND X protocol which is the maximum SMB message
size which the server may send to the client.  Thus if the server's
buffer size were 4k and the client's buffer size were only 2K,  the
client could send up to 4k (standard) write requests but must only
request up to 2k for (standard) read requests.





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The VcNumber field specifies whether the client wants this to be the
first VC or an additional VC.

The values for MaxBufferSize, MaxMpxCount, and VcNumber must be less
than or equal to the maximum values supported by the server as returned
in the SMB_COM_NEGOTIATE response.

If the server gets a SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_ANDX request with VcNumber of
0 and other VCs are still connected to that client, they will be aborted
thus freeing any resources held by the server.  This condition could
occur if the client was rebooted and reconnected to the server before
the transport level had informed the server of the previous VC
termination.


4.1.2.2   NT LM 0.12

If the negotiated SMB dialect is "NT LM 0.12" and the server supports
ExtendedSecurity i.e. the CAP_EXTENDED_SECURITY flag is set in the
Capabilities field of the Negotiate Response SMB, the Extended Security
SessionSetup SMB format is:


Client Request                 Description
============================== =====================================

   UCHAR WordCount;            Count of parameter words = 12
UCHAR AndXCommand;             Secondary (X) command;  0xFF = none
UCHAR AndXReserved;            Reserved (must be 0)
USHORT AndXOffset;             Offset to next command WordCount
USHORT MaxBufferSize;          Client's maximum buffer size
USHORT MaxMpxCount;            Actual maximum multiplexed pending
                                requests
USHORT VcNumber;               0 = first (only), nonzero=additional
                                VC number
ULONG SessionKey;              Session key (valid iff VcNumber != 0)
USHORT SecurityBlobLength;     Length of opaque security blob
ULONG Reserved;                must be 0
ULONG Capabilities;            Client capabilities
USHORT ByteCount;              Count of data bytes;    min = 0
UCHAR SecurityBlob[]           The opaque security blob
STRING NativeOS[];             Client's native operating system,
                                Unicode
STRING NativeLanMan[];         Client's native LAN Manager type,
                                Unicode



The response is:






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Server Response                    Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 3
UCHAR AndXCommand;                 Secondary (X) command;  0xFF =
                                    none
UCHAR AndXReserved;                Reserved (must be 0)
USHORT AndXOffset;                 Offset to next command WordCount
USHORT Action;                     Request mode:
                                    bit0 = logged in as GUEST
USHORT SecurityBlobLength          length of Security Blob that
                                    follows in a later field
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes
UCHAR SecurityBlob[]               SecurityBlob of length specified
                                    in field SecurityBlobLength
STRING NativeOS[];                 Server's native operating system
STRING NativeLanMan[];             Server's native LAN Manager type
STRING PrimaryDomain[];            Server's primary domain



There may be multiple round trips involved in the security blob
exchange. In that case, the server may return an error
STATUS_MORE_PROCESSING_REQUEIRED (a value of  0xC0000016) in the SMB
status. The client can then repeat the SessionSetupAndX SMB with the
next the security blob.

If the negotiated SMB dialect is "NT LM 0.12" or later and the server
does not support Extended Security (i.e. the CAP_EXTENDED_SECURITY flag
in the Capabilities field of the Negotiate Response SMB is not set), the
format of the response SMB is unchanged, but the request is:























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Client Request                 Description
============================== =====================================

 UCHAR WordCount;              Count of parameter words = 13
UCHAR AndXCommand;             Secondary (X) command;  0xFF = none
UCHAR AndXReserved;            Reserved (must be 0)
USHORT AndXOffset;             Offset to next command WordCount
USHORT MaxBufferSize;          Client's maximum buffer size
USHORT MaxMpxCount;            Actual maximum multiplexed pending
                                requests
USHORT VcNumber;               0 = first (only), nonzero=additional
                                VC number
ULONG SessionKey;              Session key (valid iff VcNumber != 0)
USHORT                         Account password size, ANSI
CaseInsensitivePasswordLength;
USHORT                         Account password size, Unicode
CaseSensitivePasswordLength;
ULONG Reserved;                must be 0
ULONG Capabilities;            Client capabilities
USHORT ByteCount;              Count of data bytes;    min = 0
UCHAR                          Account Password, ANSI
CaseInsensitivePassword[];
UCHAR CaseSensitivePassword[]; Account Password, Unicode
STRING AccountName[];          Account Name, Unicode
STRING PrimaryDomain[];        Client's primary domain, Unicode
STRING NativeOS[];             Client's native operating system,
                                Unicode
STRING NativeLanMan[];         Client's native LAN Manager type,
                                Unicode
























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The client expresses its capabilities to the server encoded in the
Capabilities field:


Capability Name           Encoding  Description
========================  ========= ================================

CAP_UNICODE               0x0004    The client can use UNICODE
                                     strings
CAP_LARGE_FILES           0x0008    The client can deal with files
                                     having 64 bit offsets
CAP_NT_SMBS               0x0010    The client understands the SMBs
                                     introduced with the NT LM 0.12
                                     dialect.  Implies CAP_NT_FIND.
CAP_NT_FIND               0x0200
CAP_ STATUS32             0x0040    The client can receive 32 bit
                                     errors encoded in Status.Status
CAP_LEVEL_II_OPLOCKS      0x0080    The client understands Level II
                                     oplocks



The entire message sent and received including the optional ANDX SMB
must fit in the negotiated maximum transfer size.  The following are the
only valid SMB commands for AndXCommand for SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_ANDX


SMB_COM_TREE_CONNECT_ANDX     SMB_COM_OPEN
SMB_COM_OPEN_ANDX             SMB_COM_CREATE
SMB_COM_CREATE_NEW            SMB_COM_CREATE_DIRECTORY
SMB_COM_DELETE                SMB_COM_DELETE_DIRECTORY
SMB_COM_FIND                  SMB_COM_FIND_UNIQUE
SMB_COM_COPY                  SMB_COM_RENAME
SMB_COM_NT_RENAME             SMB_COM_CHECK_DIRECTORY
SMB_COM_QUERY_INFORMATION     SMB_COM_SET_INFORMATION
SMB_COM_NO_ANDX_COMMAND       SMB_COM_OPEN_PRINT_FILE
SMB_COM_GET_PRINT_QUEUE       SMB_COM_TRANSACTION


4.1.2.3        Errors

ERRSRV/ERRerror     - no NEG_PROT issued
ERRSRV/ERRbadpw     - password not correct for given username
ERRSRV/ERRtoomanyuids    - maximum number of users per session exceeded
ERRSRV/ERRnosupport - chaining of this request to the previous one is
not supported










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4.1.3        LOGOFF_ANDX: User Logoff

This SMB is the inverse of SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_ANDX.


Client Request                     Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 2
UCHAR AndXCommand;                 Secondary (X) command;  0xFF =
                                    none
UCHAR AndXReserved;                Reserved (must be 0)
USHORT AndXOffset;                 Offset to next command WordCount
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes = 0



Server Response                    Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 2
UCHAR AndXCommand;                 Secondary (X) command;  0xFF =
                                    none
UCHAR AndXReserved;                Reserved (must be 0)
USHORT AndXOffset;                 Offset to next command WordCount
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes = 0



The user represented by Uid in the SMB header is logged off.  The server
closes all files currently open by this user, and invalidates any
outstanding requests with this Uid.

SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_ANDX is the only valid AndXCommand. for this SMB.


4.1.3.1        Errors

ERRSRV/invnid  - TID was invalid
ERRSRV/baduid  - UID was invalid

















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4.1.4      TREE_CONNECT_ANDX:  Tree Connect


Client Request                     Description
=================================  =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 4
UCHAR AndXCommand;                 Secondary (X) command; 0xFF = none
UCHAR AndXReserved;                Reserved (must be 0)
USHORT AndXOffset;                 Offset to next command WordCount
USHORT Flags;                      Additional information
                                   bit 0 set = disconnect Tid
USHORT PasswordLength;             Length of Password[]
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes;    min = 3
UCHAR Password[];                  Password
STRING Path[];                     Server name and share name
STRING Service[];                  Service name



The serving machine verifies the combination and returns an error code
or an identifier.  The full name is included in this request message and
the identifier identifying the connection is returned in the Tid field
of the SMB header.  The Tid field in the client request is ignored.  The
meaning of this identifier (Tid) is server specific; the client must not
associate any specific meaning to it.

If the negotiated dialect is LANMAN1.0 or later, then it is a protocol
violation for the client to send this message prior to a successful
SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_ANDX, and the server ignores Password.

If the negotiated dialect is prior to LANMAN1.0 and the client has not
sent a successful SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_ANDX request when the tree
connect arrives, a user level security mode server must nevertheless
validate the client's credentials as discussed earlier in this document.

Path follows UNC style syntax, that is to say it is encoded as
\\server\share and it indicates the name of the resource to which the
client wishes to connect.

Because Password may be an authentication response, it is a variable
length field with the length specified by PasswordLength.   If
authentication is not being used, Password should be a null terminated
ASCII string with PasswordLength set to the string size including the
terminating null.

The server can enforce whatever policy it desires to govern share
access. Typically, if the server is paused, administrative privilege is
required to connect to any share; if the server is not paused,
administrative privilege is required only for administrative shares (C$,





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etc.). Other such policies may include valid times of day, software
usage license limits, number of simultaneous server users or share
users, etc.

The Service component indicates the type of resource the client intends
to access.  Valid values are:


Service   Description               Earliest Dialect Allowed
========  ========================  ================================

A:        disk share                PC NETWORK PROGRAM 1.0
LPT1:     printer                   PC NETWORK PROGRAM 1.0
IPC       named pipe                MICROSOFT NETWORKS 3.0
COMM      communications device     MICROSOFT NETWORKS 3.0
?????     any type of device        MICROSOFT NETWORKS 3.0



If bit0 of Flags is set, the tree connection to Tid in the SMB header
should be disconnected.  If this tree disconnect fails, the error should
be ignored.

If the negotiated dialect is earlier than DOS LANMAN2.1, the response to
this SMB is:


Server Response                  Description
================================ ===================================

UCHAR WordCount;                 Count of parameter words = 2
UCHAR AndXCommand;               Secondary (X) command;  0xFF = none
UCHAR AndXReserved;              Reserved (must be 0)
USHORT AndXOffset;               Offset to next command WordCount
USHORT ByteCount;                Count of data bytes;    min = 3



If the negotiated is DOS LANMAN2.1 or later, the response to this SMB
is:


Server Response                  Description
================================ ===================================

UCHAR WordCount;                 Count of parameter words = 3
UCHAR AndXCommand;               Secondary (X) command;  0xFF = none
UCHAR AndXReserved;              Reserved (must be 0)
USHORT AndXOffset;               Offset to next command WordCount
USHORT OptionalSupport;          Optional support bits
USHORT ByteCount;                Count of data bytes;    min = 3
UCHAR Service[];                 Service type connected to.  Always
                                  ANSII.
STRING NativeFileSystem[];       Native file system for this tree






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NativeFileSystem is the name of the filesystem; values to be expected
include FAT, NTFS, etc.

OptionalSupport bits has the encoding:


Name                           Encoding   Description
=============================  =========  ==========================

SMB_SUPPORT_SEARCH_BITS        0x0001

SMB_SHARE_IS_IN_DFS            0x0002



Some servers negotiate "DOS LANMAN2.1" dialect or later and still send
the "downlevel" (i.e. wordcount==2) response.  Valid AndX following
commands are


SMB_COM_OPEN              SMB_COM_OPEN_ANDX          SMB_COM_CREATE
SMB_COM_CREATE_NEW        SMB_COM_CREATE_DIRECTORY   SMB_COM_DELETE
SMB_COM_DELETE_DIRECTORY  SMB_COM_FIND               SMB_COM_COPY
SMB_COM_FIND_UNIQUE       SMB_COM_RENAME
SMB_COM_CHECK_DIRECTORY   SMB_COM_QUERY_INFORMATION
SMB_COM_GET_PRINT_QUEUE   SMB_COM_OPEN_PRINT_FILE
SMB_COM_TRANSACTION       SMB_COM_NO_ANDX_CMD
SMB_COM_SET_INFORMATION   SMB_COM_NT_RENAME

4.1.4.1        Errors

ERRDOS/ERRnomem
ERRDOS/ERRbadpath
ERRDOS/ERRinvdevice
ERRSRV/ERRaccess
ERRSRV/ERRbadpw
ERRSRV/ERRinvnetname


4.1.5      TREE_DISCONNECT:  Tree Disconnect

This message informs the server that the client no longer wishes to
access the resource connected to with a prior SMB_COM_TREE_CONNECT or
SMB_COM_TREE_CONNECT_ANDX.


Client Request                     Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 0
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes = 0








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The resource sharing connection identified by Tid in the SMB header is
logically disconnected from the server. Tid is invalidated; it will not
be recognized if used by the client for subsequent requests. All locks,
open files, etc. created on behalf of Tid are released.


Server Response                    Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 0
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes = 0




4.1.5.1        Errors

ERRSRV/ERRinvnid
ERRSRV/ERRbaduid


4.1.6      TRANS2_QUERY_FS_INFORMATION: Get File System Information

This transaction requests information about a filesystem on the server.


 Client Request                     Value
 ================================== =================================

 WordCount;                         15
 TotalParameterCount;               2 or 4
 MaxSetupCount;                     0
 SetupCount;                        1 or 2
 Setup[0];                          TRANS2_QUERY_FS_INFORMATION



 Parameter Block Encoding           Description
 ================================== =================================

 USHORT Information Level;          Level of information requested



The  filesystem is identified by Tid in the SMB header.

MaxDataCount in the transaction request must be large enough to
accommodate the response.

The encoding of the response parameter block depends on the
InformationLevel requested.  Information levels whose values are greater
than 0x102 are mapped to corresponding calls to
NtQueryVolumeInformationFile calls by the server.  The two levels below
0x102 are described below.  The requested information is placed in the
Data portion of the transaction response.





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 InformationLevel               Value

 =============================  ======

 SMB_INFO_ALLOCATION            1
 SMB_INFO_VOLUME                2
 SMB_QUERY_FS_VOLUME_INFO       0x102
 SMB_QUERY_FS_SIZE_INFO         0x103
 SMB_QUERY_FS_DEVICE_INFO       0x104
 SMB_QUERY_FS_ATTRIBUTE_INFO    0x105



The following sections describe the InformationLevel dependent encoding
of the data part of the transaction response.


4.1.6.1        SMB_INFO_ALLOCATION


 Data Block Encoding Description
 =================== ================================================

 ULONG idFileSystem; File system identifier.  NT server always
                      returns 0
 ULONG cSectorUnit;  Number of sectors per allocation unit
 ULONG cUnit;        Total number of allocation units
 ULONG cUnitAvail;   Total number of available allocation units
 USHORT cbSector;    Number of bytes per sector


4.1.6.2        SMB_INFO_VOLUME


 Data Block Encoding Description
 =================== ================================================

 ULONG ulVsn;        Volume serial number
 UCHAR cch;          Number of  characters in Label
 STRING Label;       The volume label


4.1.6.3   SMB_QUERY_FS_VOLUME_INFO


 Data Block Encoding Description
 =================== ================================================

 LARGE_INTEGER       Volume Creation Time
 ULONG               Volume Serial Number
 ULONG               Length of Volume Label in bytes

 BYTE                Reserved

 BYTE                Reserved

 STRING Label;       The volume label








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4.1.6.4        SMB_QUERY_FS_SIZE_INFO


 Data Block Encoding Description
 =================== ================================================

 LARGE_INTEGER       Total Number of Allocation units on the Volume
 LARGE_INTEGER       Number of free Allocation units on the Volume
 ULONG               Number of sectors in each Allocation unit

 ULONG               Number of bytes in each sector




4.1.6.5        SMB_QUERY_FS_DEVICE_INFO


 Data Block Encoding  Value
 ==================== ===============================================

 ULONG                DeviceType; Values as specified below
 ULONG                Characteristics of the device; Values as
                       specified below


For DeviceType, note that the values 0-32767 are reserved for the
exclusive use of Microsoft Corporation. The following device types are
currently defined:





























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FILE_DEVICE_BEEP                 0x00000001

FILE_DEVICE_CD_ROM               0x00000002
FILE_DEVICE_CD_ROM_FILE_SYSTEM   0x00000003
FILE_DEVICE_CONTROLLER           0x00000004
FILE_DEVICE_DATALINK             0x00000005
FILE_DEVICE_DFS                  0x00000006
FILE_DEVICE_DISK                 0x00000007
FILE_DEVICE_DISK_FILE_SYSTEM     0x00000008
FILE_DEVICE_FILE_SYSTEM          0x00000009
FILE_DEVICE_INPORT_PORT          0x0000000a
FILE_DEVICE_KEYBOARD             0x0000000b
FILE_DEVICE_MAILSLOT             0x0000000c
FILE_DEVICE_MIDI_IN              0x0000000d
FILE_DEVICE_MIDI_OUT             0x0000000e
FILE_DEVICE_MOUSE                0x0000000f
FILE_DEVICE_MULTI_UNC_PROVIDER   0x00000010
FILE_DEVICE_NAMED_PIPE           0x00000011
FILE_DEVICE_NETWORK              0x00000012
FILE_DEVICE_NETWORK_BROWSER      0x00000013
FILE_DEVICE_NETWORK_FILE_SYSTEM  0x00000014
FILE_DEVICE_NULL                 0x00000015
FILE_DEVICE_PARALLEL_PORT        0x00000016
FILE_DEVICE_PHYSICAL_NETCARD     0x00000017
FILE_DEVICE_PRINTER              0x00000018
FILE_DEVICE_SCANNER              0x00000019
FILE_DEVICE_SERIAL_MOUSE_PORT    0x0000001a
FILE_DEVICE_SERIAL_PORT          0x0000001b
FILE_DEVICE_SCREEN               0x0000001c
FILE_DEVICE_SOUND                0x0000001d
FILE_DEVICE_STREAMS              0x0000001e
FILE_DEVICE_TAPE                 0x0000001f
FILE_DEVICE_TAPE_FILE_SYSTEM     0x00000020
FILE_DEVICE_TRANSPORT            0x00000021
FILE_DEVICE_UNKNOWN              0x00000022
FILE_DEVICE_VIDEO                0x00000023
FILE_DEVICE_VIRTUAL_DISK         0x00000024
FILE_DEVICE_WAVE_IN              0x00000025
FILE_DEVICE_WAVE_OUT             0x00000026
FILE_DEVICE_8042_PORT            0x00000027
FILE_DEVICE_NETWORK_REDIRECTOR   0x00000028
FILE_DEVICE_BATTERY              0x00000029
FILE_DEVICE_BUS_EXTENDER         0x0000002a
FILE_DEVICE_MODEM                0x0000002b
FILE_DEVICE_VDM                  0x0000002c








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Some of these device types are not currently accessible over the network
and may never be accessible over the network. Some may change to be
accessible over the network. The values for device types that may never
be accessible over the network may be redefined to be just reserved at
some date in the future.

Characteristics is the sum of any of the following:


FILE_REMOVABLE_MEDIA             0x00000001
FILE_READ_ONLY_DEVICE            0x00000002
FILE_FLOPPY_DISKETTE             0x00000004
FILE_WRITE_ONE_MEDIA             0x00000008
FILE_REMOTE_DEVICE               0x00000010
FILE_DEVICE_IS_MOUNTED           0x00000020
FILE_VIRTUAL_VOLUME              0x00000040




4.1.6.6        SMB_QUERY_FS_ATTRIBUTE_INFO


 Data Block Encoding Description
 =================== ================================================

 ULONG               File System Attributes; possible values
                      described below
 LONG                Maximum length of each file name component in
                      number of bytes
 ULONG               Length, in bytes, of the name of the file system

 STRING              Name of the file system



Where FileSystemAttributes is the sum of any of the following:


FILE_CASE_SENSITIVE_SEARCH   0x00000001
FILE_CASE_PRESERVED_NAMES    0x00000002
FILE_PRSISTENT_ACLS          0x00000004
FILE_FILE_COMPRESSION        0x00000008
FILE_VOLUME_QUOTAS           0x00000010
FILE_DEVICE_IS_MOUNTED       0x00000020
FILE_VOLUME_IS_COMPRESSED    0x00008000




4.1.6.7        Errors

ERRSRV/invnid  - TID was invalid
ERRSRV/baduid  - UID was invalid
ERRHRD/ERRnotready  - the file system has been removed





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ERRHRD/ERRdata - disk I/O error
ERRSRV/ERRaccess    - user does not have the right to perform this
operation
ERRSRV/ERRinvdevice - resource identified by TID is not a file system


4.1.7      ECHO: Ping the Server

This request is used to test the connection to the server, and to see if
the server is still responding.


 Client Request                     Description
 ================================== =================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 1
 USHORT EchoCount;                  Number of times to echo data back
 USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes;    min = 1
 UCHAR Buffer[1];                   Data to echo



 Server Response                    Description
 ================================== =================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 1
 USHORT SequenceNumber;             Sequence number of this echo
 USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes;    min = 4
 UCHAR Buffer[1];                   Echoed data



Each response echoes the data sent, though ByteCount may indicate no
data  If EchoCount is zero, no response is sent.

Tid in the SMB header is ignored, so this request may be sent to the
server even if there are no valid tree connections to the server.

The flow for the ECHO protocol is:


 Client Request                     <->  Server Response
 =================================  ==== ============================

 Echo Request (EchoCount == n)      ->
                                    <-   Echo Response 1
                                    <-   Echo Response 2
                                    <-   Echo Response n











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4.1.7.1        Errors

ERRSRV/ERRbaduid    - UID was invalid
ERRSRV/ERRnoaccess  - session has not been established
ERRSRV/ERRnosupport - ECHO function is not supported


4.1.8      NT_CANCEL: Cancel request

This SMB allows a client to cancel a request currently pending at the
server.


Client Request                     Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   No words are sent (== 0)
USHORT ByteCount;                  No bytes (==0)



The Sid, Uid, Pid, Tid, and Mid fields of the SMB are used to locate an
pending server request from this session.  If a pending request is
found, it is "hurried along" which may result in success or failure of
the original request.  No other response is generated for this SMB.


4.2   File Requests


4.2.1      NT_CREATE_ANDX: Create or Open File

This command is used to create or open a file or a directory.






















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 Client Request                     Description
 =================================  ==================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 24
 UCHAR AndXCommand;                 Secondary command;  0xFF = None
 UCHAR AndXReserved;                Reserved (must be 0)
 USHORT AndXOffset;                 Offset to next command WordCount
 UCHAR Reserved;                    Reserved (must be 0)
 USHORT NameLength;                 Length of Name[] in bytes
 ULONG Flags;                       Create bit set:
                                    0x02 - Request an oplock
                                    0x04 - Request a batch oplock
                                    0x08 - Target of open must be
                                    directory
 ULONG RootDirectoryFid;            If non-zero, open is relative to
                                    this directory
 ACCESS_MASK DesiredAccess;         access desired
 LARGE_INTEGER AllocationSize;      Initial allocation size
 ULONG ExtFileAttributes;           File attributes
 ULONG ShareAccess;                 Type of share access
 ULONG CreateDisposition;           Action to take if file exists or
                                    not
 ULONG CreateOptions;               Options to use if creating a file
 ULONG ImpersonationLevel;          Security QOS information
 UCHAR SecurityFlags;               Security tracking mode flags:
                                    0x1 - SECURITY_CONTEXT_TRACKING
                                    0x2 - SECURITY_EFFECTIVE_ONLY
 USHORT ByteCount;                  Length of byte parameters
 STRING Name[];                     File to open or create



The DesiredAccess parameter is specified in section 3.8 on   Access Mask
Encoding.

If no value is specified, it still allows an application to query
attributes without actually accessing the file.

The ExtFIleAttributes parameter specifies the file attributes and flags
for the file. The parameter's value is the sum of allowed attributes and
flags defined in section 3.12 on    Extended File Attribute Encoding

The ShareAccess field Specifies how this file can be shared. This
parameter must be some combination of the following values:










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Name              Value      Meaning
                  0          Prevents the file from being shared.
FILE_SHARE_READ   0x00000001 Other open operations can be performed on
                              the file for read access.
FILE_SHARE_WRITE  0x00000002 Other open operations can be performed on
                              the file for write access.
FILE_SHARE_DELETE 0x00000004 Other open operations can be performed on
                              the file for delete access.


The CreateDisposition parameter can contain one of the following values:


CREATE_NEW        Creates a new file. The function fails if the
                  specified file already exists.
CREATE_ALWAYS     Creates a new file. The function overwrites the file
                  if it exists.
OPEN_EXISTING     Opens the file. The function fails if the file does
                  not exist.
OPEN_ALWAYS       Opens the file, if it exists. If the file does not
                  exist, act like CREATE_NEW.
TRUNCATE_EXISTING Opens the file. Once opened, the file is truncated so
                  that its size is zero bytes. The calling process must
                  open the file with at least GENERIC_WRITE access. The
                  function fails if the file does not exist.


The ImpersonationLevel parameter can contain one or more of the
following values:


SECURITY_ANONYMOUS        Specifies to impersonate the client at the
                          Anonymous impersonation level.
SECURITY_IDENTIFICATION   Specifies to impersonate the client at the
                          Identification impersonation level.
SECURITY_IMPERSONATION    Specifies to impersonate the client at the
                          Impersonation impersonation level.
SECURITY_DELEGATION       Specifies to impersonate the client at the
                          Delegation impersonation level.


The SecurityFlags parameter can have either of the following two flags
set:











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SECURITY_CONTEXT_TRACKING  Specifies that the security tracking mode is
                           dynamic. If this flag is not specified,
                           Security Tracking Mode is static.
SECURITY_EFFECTIVE_ONLY    Specifies that only the enabled aspects of
                           the client's security context are available
                           to the server. If you do not specify this
                           flag, all aspects of the client's security
                           context are available. This flag allows the
                           client to limit the groups and privileges
                           that a server can use while impersonating the
                           client.


The response is as follows:


 Server Response                    Description
 =================================  ==================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 26
 UCHAR AndXCommand;                 0xFF = None
 UCHAR AndXReserved;                MBZ
 USHORT AndXOffset;                 Offset to next command WordCount
 UCHAR OplockLevel;                 The oplock level granted
                                    0 - No oplock granted
                                    1 - Exclusive oplock granted
                                    2 - Batch oplock granted
                                    3 - Level II oplock granted
 USHORT Fid;                        The file ID
 ULONG CreateAction;                The action taken
 TIME CreationTime;                 The time the file was created
 TIME LastAccessTime;               The time the file was accessed
 TIME LastWriteTime;                The time the file was last written
 TIME ChangeTime;                   The time the file was last changed
 ULONG ExtFileAttributes;           The file attributes
 LARGE_INTEGER AllocationSize;      The number of byes allocated
 LARGE_INTEGER EndOfFile;           The end of file offset
 USHORT FileType;
 USHORT DeviceState;                state of IPC device (e.g. pipe)
 BOOLEAN Directory;                 TRUE if this is a directory
 USHORT ByteCount;                  = 0



The following SMBs may follow SMB_COM_NT_CREATE_ANDX:


   SMB_COM_READ    SMB_COM_READ_ANDX
   SMB_COM_IOCTL







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4.2.2     NT_TRANSACT_CREATE: Create or Open File with EAs or SD

This command is used to create or open a file or a directory, when EAs
or an SD must be applied to the file.


 Request Parameter Block Encoding    Description
 =================================== ================================

 ULONG Flags;                        Creation flags (see below)
 ULONG RootDirectoryFid;             Optional directory for relative
                                      open
 ACCESS_MASK DesiredAccess;          Desired access
 LARGE_INTEGER AllocationSize;       The initial allocation size in
                                      bytes, if file created
 ULONG ExtFileAttributes;            The extended file attributes
 ULONG ShareAccess;                  The share access
 ULONG CreateDisposition;            Action to take if file exists or
                                      not
 ULONG CreateOptions;                Options for creating a new file
 ULONG SecurityDescriptorLength;     Length of SD in bytes
 ULONG EaLength;                     Length of EA in bytes
 ULONG NameLength;                   Length of name in characters
 ULONG ImpersonationLevel;           Security QOS information
 UCHAR SecurityFlags;                Security QOS information
 STRING Name[NameLength];            The name of the file (not NULL
                                      terminated)



 Data Block Encoding                 Description
 =================================== ================================

 UCHAR SecurityDescriptor[
 SecurityDescriptorLength];
 UCHAR ExtendedAttributes[EaLength];



 Creation Flag Name         Value   Description
 ========================== ======  ==================================

 NT_CREATE_REQUEST_OPLOCK   0x02    Level I oplock requested
 NT_CREATE_REQUEST_OPBATCH  0x04    Batch oplock requested
 NT_CREATE_OPEN_TARGET_DIR  0x08    Target for open is a directory













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 Output Parameter Block Encoding    Description
 ================================== ==================================

 UCHAR OplockLevel;                 The oplock level granted
 UCHAR Reserved;
 USHORT Fid;                        The file ID
 ULONG CreateAction;                The action taken
 ULONG EaErrorOffset;               Offset of the EA error
 TIME CreationTime;                 The time the file was created
 TIME LastAccessTime;               The time the file was accessed
 TIME LastWriteTime;                The time the file was last written
 TIME ChangeTime;                   The time the file was last changed
 ULONG ExtFileAttributes;           The file attributes
 LARGE_INTEGER AllocationSize;      The number of byes allocated
 LARGE_INTEGER EndOfFile;           The end of file offset
 USHORT FileType;
 USHORT DeviceState;                state of IPC device (e.g. pipe)
 BOOLEAN Directory;                 TRUE if this is a directory



See the description of NT_CREATE_ANDX for the definition of the
parameters.


4.2.3      CREATE_TEMPORARY: Create Temporary File

The server creates a data file in Directory relative to Tid in the SMB
header and assigns a unique name to it.


Client Request                     Server Response
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 3
USHORT reserved;                   Ignored by the server
UTIME CreationTime;                New file's creation time stamp
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes;  min = 2
UCHAR BufferFormat;                0x04
STRING DirectoryName[];            Directory name



Server Response                    Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 1
USHORT Fid;                        File handle
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes;  min = 2
UCHAR BufferFormat;                0x04
STRING Filename[];                 File name







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Fid is the returned handle for future file access. Filename is the name
of the file which was created within the requested Directory.   It is
opened in compatibility mode with read/write access for the client.

Support of CreationTime by the server is optional.


4.2.4      READ_ANDX:  Read Bytes


 Large File Client Request  Description
 ========================== ===================================
 ======

 UCHAR WordCount;           Count of parameter words = 10 or 12
 UCHAR AndXCommand;         Secondary (X) command;  0xFF = none
 UCHAR AndXReserved;        Reserved (must be 0)
 USHORT AndXOffset;         Offset to next command WordCount
 USHORT Fid;                File handle
 ULONG Offset;              Offset in file to begin read
 USHORT MaxCount;           Max number of bytes to return
 USHORT MinCount;           Reserved for obsolescent requests
 ULONG MaxCountHigh;        High 16 bits of MaxCount if
                            CAP_LARGE_READX; else MBZ
 USHORT Remaining;          Reserved for obsolescent requests
 ULONG OffsetHigh;          Upper 32 bits of offset (only if
                            WordCount is 12)
 USHORT ByteCount;          Count of data bytes = 0


























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 Server Response            Description
 ========================== ===================================
 ======

 UCHAR WordCount;           Count of parameter words = 12
 UCHAR AndXCommand;         Secondary (X) command;  0xFF = none
 UCHAR AndXReserved;        Reserved (must be 0)
 USHORT AndXOffset;         Offset to next command WordCount
 USHORT Remaining;          Reserved -- must be -1
 USHORT DataCompactionMode;
 USHORT Reserved;           Reserved (must be 0)
 USHORT DataLength;         Number of data bytes (min = 0)
 USHORT DataOffset;         Offset (from header start) to data
 USHORT DataLengthHigh;     High 16 bits of number of data bytes if
                            CAP_LARGE_READX; else MBZ
 USHORT Reserved[4];        Reserved (must be 0)
 USHORT ByteCount;          Count of data bytes; ignored if
                            CAP_LARGE_READX
 UCHAR Pad[];
 UCHAR Data[ DataLength];   Data from resource



If the file specified by Fid has any portion of the range specified by
Offset and MaxCount  locked for exclusive use by a client with a
different connection or Pid,  the request will fail with ERRlock.

 If the negotiated dialect is NT LM 0.12 or later, the client may use
the 12 parameter word version of the request.  This version allows
specification of 64 bit file offsets.

If CAP_LARGE_READX was indicated by the server in the negotiate protocol
response, the request's MaxCount field may exceed the negotiated buffer
size if Fid refers to a disk file.  The server may arbitrarily elect to
return fewer than MaxCount bytes in response.

The following SMBs may follow SMB_COM_READ_ANDX:
SMB_COM_CLOSE


4.2.4.1        Errors

ERRDOS/ERRnoaccess
ERRDOS/ERRbadfid
ERRDOS/ERRlock
ERRDOS/ERRbadaccess
ERRSRV/ERRinvid
ERRSRV/ERRbaduid






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4.2.5      WRITE_ANDX:  Write Bytes to file or resource


 Client Request            Description
 ========================= ====================================
 ======

 UCHAR WordCount;          Count of parameter words = 12 or 14
 UCHAR AndXCommand;        Secondary (X) command;  0xFF = none
 UCHAR AndXReserved;       Reserved (must be 0)
 USHORT AndXOffset;        Offset to next command WordCount
 USHORT Fid;               File handle
 ULONG Offset;             Offset in file to begin write
 ULONG Reserved;           Must be 0
 USHORT WriteMode;         Write mode bits:
                            0 - write through
 USHORT Remaining;         Bytes remaining to satisfy request
 USHORT DataLengthHigh;    High 16 bits of data length if
                            CAP_LARGE_WRITEX; else MBZ
 USHORT DataLength;        Number of data bytes in buffer (>=0)
 USHORT DataOffset;        Offset to data bytes
 ULONG OffsetHigh;         Upper 32 bits of offset (only present if
                            WordCount = 14)
 USHORT ByteCount;         Count of data bytes; ignored if
                            CAP_LARGE_WRITEX
 UCHAR Pad[];              Pad to SHORT or LONG
 UCHAR Data[DataLength];   Data to write



 Server Response           Description
 ========================= ====================================
 ======

 UCHAR WordCount;          Count of parameter words = 6
 UCHAR AndXCommand;        Secondary (X) command;  0xFF = none
 UCHAR AndXReserved;       Reserved (must be 0)
 USHORT AndXOffset;        Offset to next command WordCount
 USHORT Count;             Number of bytes written
 USHORT Remaining;         Reserved
 ULONG Reserved;
 USHORT ByteCount;         Count of data bytes = 0



If the file specified by Fid has any portion of the range specified by
Offset and MaxCount  locked for shared or exclusive use by a client with
a different connection or Pid,  the request will fail with ERRlock.

A ByteCount of 0 does not truncate the file.  Rather a zero length write
merely transfers zero bytes of information to the file.  A request such
as SMB_COM_WRITE must be used to truncate the file.





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If WriteMode has bit0 set in the request and Fid refers to a disk file,
the response is not sent from the server until the data is on stable
storage.

If the negotiated dialect is NT LM 0.12 or later, the 14 word format of
this SMB may be used to access portions of files requiring offsets
expressed as 64 bits. Otherwise, the OffsetHigh field must be omitted
from the request.

If CAP_LARGE_WRITEX was indicated by the server in the negotiate
protocol response, the request's DataLength field may exceed the
negotiated buffer size if Fid refers to a disk file.

The following are the valid AndXCommand values for this SMB:


   SMB_COM_READ          SMB_COM_READ_ANDX
   SMB_COM_LOCK_AND_READ SMB_COM_WRITE_ANDX
   SMB_COM_CLOSE

4.2.5.1        Errors

ERRDOS/ERRnoaccess
ERRDOS/ERRbadfid
ERRDOS/ERRlock
ERRDOS/ERRbadaccess
ERRSRV/ERRinvid
ERRSRV/ERRbaduid


4.2.6      LOCKING_ANDX:  Lock or Unlock Byte Ranges

SMB_COM_LOCKING_ANDX allows both locking and/or unlocking of file range(s).




















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 Client Request                     Description
 ================================== =================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 8
 UCHAR AndXCommand;                 Secondary (X) command;  0xFF =
                                     none
 UCHAR AndXReserved;                Reserved (must be 0)
 USHORT AndXOffset;                 Offset to next command WordCount
 USHORT Fid;                        File handle
 UCHAR LockType;                    See LockType table below
 UCHAR OplockLevel;                 The new oplock level
 ULONG Timeout;                     Milliseconds to wait for unlock
 USHORT NumberOfUnlocks;            Num. unlock range structs
                                     following
 USHORT NumberOfLocks;              Num. lock range structs following
 USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes
 LOCKING_ANDX_RANGE Unlocks[];      Unlock ranges
 LOCKING_ANDX_RANGE Locks[];        Lock ranges



 LockType Flag Name            Value Description
 ============================  ===== ================================

 LOCKING_ANDX_SHARED_LOCK      0x01  Read-only lock
 LOCKING_ANDX_OPLOCK_RELEASE   0x02  Oplock break notification
 LOCKING_ANDX_CHANGE_LOCKTYPE  0x04  Change lock type
 LOCKING_ANDX_CANCEL_LOCK      0x08  Cancel outstanding request
 LOCKING_ANDX_LARGE_FILES      0x10  Large file locking format



 LOCKING_ANDX_RANGE Format
 =====================================================================

 USHORT Pid;                        PID of process "owning" lock
 ULONG Offset;                      Offset to bytes to [un]lock
 ULONG Length;                      Number of bytes to [un]lock



 Large File LOCKING_ANDX_RANGE Format
 =====================================================================

 USHORT Pid;                        PID of process "owning" lock
 USHORT Pad;                        Pad to DWORD align (mbz)
 ULONG OffsetHigh;                  Offset to bytes to [un]lock
                                     (high)
 ULONG OffsetLow;                   Offset to bytes to [un]lock (low)
 ULONG LengthHigh;                  Number of bytes to [un]lock
                                     (high)
 ULONG LengthLow;                   Number of bytes to [un]lock (low)







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 Server Response                    Description
 ================================== =================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 2
 UCHAR AndXCommand;                 Secondary (X) command;  0xFF =
                                     none
 UCHAR AndXReserved;                Reserved (must be 0)
 USHORT AndXOffset;                 Offset to next command WordCount
 USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes = 0



Locking is a simple mechanism for synchronizing processes' read/write
accesses to regions of a file.  The locked regions can be anywhere in
the logical file.  Locking beyond end-of-file is permitted.  Any request
coming in on the same connection and using the same Pid and Fid as
specified in a successful lock request has access to the locked bytes;
other requests will be denied the locking, reading, or writing of the
locked bytes if they are incompatible with the lock mode.

The proper method for using locks is not to rely on being denied read or
write access on any of the read/write protocols but rather to attempt
the locking protocol and proceed with the read/write only if the locks
succeeded.

Locking a range of bytes will fail if any subranges or overlapping
ranges are locked.  In other words, if any of the specified bytes are
already locked, the lock will fail.

If NumberOfUnlocks is non-zero, the Unlocks vector contains
NumberOfUnlocks elements.  Each element requests that a lock at Offset
of Length be released.  If NumberOfLocks is nonzero, the Locks vector
contains NumberOfLocks elements.  Each element requests the acquisition
of a lock at Offset of Length.

Timeout is the maximum amount of time to wait for the byte range(s)
specified to become unlocked.  A timeout value of 0 indicates that the
server should fail immediately if any lock range specified is locked.  A
timeout value of -1 indicates that the server should wait as long as it
takes for each byte range specified to become unlocked so that it may be
again locked by this protocol.  Any other value of smb_timeout specifies
the maximum number of milliseconds to wait for all lock range(s)
specified to become available.

If any of the lock ranges timeout because of the area to be locked is
already locked (or the lock fails), the other ranges in the protocol
request which were successfully locked as a result of this protocol will
be unlocked (either all requested ranges will be locked when this
protocol returns to the client or none).





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If LockType has the LOCKING_ANDX_SHARED_LOCK flag set, the lock is
specified as a shared lock.  Locks for both read and write (where
LOCKING_ANDX_SHARED_LOCK is clear) should be prohibited, but other
shared locks should be permitted.  If shared locks can not be supported
by a server, the server should map the lock to a lock for both read and
write.  Closing a file with locks still in force causes the locks to be
released in no defined order.

If LockType has the LOCKING_ANDX_LARGE_FILES flag set then the Locks and
Unlocks vectors are in the Large File LOCKING_ANDX_RANGE format.  This
allows specification of 64 bit offsets for very large files.

If the one and only member of the Locks vector has the
LOCKING_ANDX_CANCEL_LOCK flag set in the LockType field, the client is
requesting the server to cancel a previously requested, but not yet
responded to, lock.

If LockType has the LOCKING_ANDX_CHANGE_LOCKTYPE flag set, the client is
requesting that the server atomically change the lock type from a shared
lock to an exclusive lock or vice versa.  If the server can not do this
in an atomic fashion, the server must reject this request.  (Note:
Windows NT and Windows 95 servers do not support this capability.)


4.2.6.1   Oplocks

Oplocks are described in the "Opportunistic Locks" section elsewhere in
this document.  Part of their specification requires that the client
will be notified when another client makes certain requests. When that
happens, the server delays the second request and notifies the client
via an SMB_LOCKING_ANDX SMB asynchronously sent from the server to the
client.  This message has the LOCKING_ANDX_OPLOCK_RELEASE flag set
indicating to the client that the oplock is being broken. OplockLevel
indicates the type of oplock the client now owns. If OplockLevel is 0,
the client possesses no oplocks on the file at all, if OplockLevel is 1
the client possesses a Level II oplock.

If an acknowledgement is required, the client responds to the server
with either an SMB_LOCKING_ANDX SMB having the
LOCKING_ANDX_OPLOCK_RELEASE flag set, or with a file close if the file
is no longer in use by the client.  If the client sends an
SMB_LOCKING_ANDX SMB with the LOCKING_ANDX_OPLOCK_RELEASE flag set and
NumberOfLocks is zero, the server MUST NOT send a response.  Since a
close being sent to the server and break oplock notification from the
server could cross on the wire, if the client gets an oplock
notification on a file which it does not have open, that notification
should be ignored.





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The entire message sent and received including the optional second
protocol must fit in the negotiated maximum transfer size.  The
following are the only valid SMB commands for AndXCommand for
SMB_COM_LOCKING_ANDX:


    SMB_COM_READ       SMB_COM_READ_ANDX
    SMB_COM_WRITE      SMB_COM_WRITE_ANDX
    SMB_COM_FLUSH

4.2.6.2        Errors

ERRDOS/ERRbadfile
ERRDOS/ERRbadfid
ERRDOS/ERRlock
ERRDOS/ERRinvdevice
ERRSRV/ERRinvid
ERRSRV/ERRbaduid


4.2.7      FLUSH: Flush File

The flush SMB is sent to ensure all data and allocation information for
the corresponding file has been written to stable storage.  When the Fid
has a value -1 (hex FFFF) the server performs a flush for all file
handles associated with the client and Pid.  The response is not sent
until the writes are complete.


Client Request                     Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 1
USHORT Fid;                        File handle
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes = 0



This client request is probably expensive to perform at the server,
since the server's operating system is generally scheduling disk writes
is a way which is optimal for the system's read and write activity
integrated over the entire population of clients.  This message from a
client "interferes" with the server's ability to optimally schedule the
disk activity; clients are discouraged from overuse of this SMB request.












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Server Response                    Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 0
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes = 0


4.2.7.1        Errors

ERRDOS/ERRbadfid
ERRSRV/ERRinvid
ERRSRV/ERRbaduid


4.2.8      CLOSE: Close File

The close message is sent to invalidate a file handle for the requesting
process.  All locks or other resources held by the requesting process on
the file should be released by the server.  The requesting process can
no longer use Fid for further file access requests.


Client Request                     Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 3
USHORT Fid;                        File handle
UTIME LastWriteTime                Time of last write
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes = 0



If LastWriteTime is 0, the server should allow its local operating
system to set the file's times.  Otherwise, the server should set the
time to the values requested.  Failure to set the times, even if
requested by the client in the request message, should not result in an
error response from the server.

If Fid refers to a print spool file, the file should be spooled to the
printer at this time.


Server Response                    Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 0
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes = 0


4.2.8.1    Errors

ERRDOS/ERRbadfid
ERRSRV/ERRinvdevice
ERRSRV/ERRinvid
ERRSRV/ERRbaduid





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4.2.9       DELETE: Delete File

The delete file message is sent to delete a data file.  The appropriate
Tid and additional pathname are passed.  Read only files may not be
deleted, the read-only attribute must be reset prior to file deletion.


Client Request                     Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 1
USHORT SearchAttributes;
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes;    min = 2
UCHAR BufferFormat;                0x04
STRING FileName[];                 File name



Multiple files may be deleted in response to a single request as
SMB_COM_DELETE supports wildcards

SearchAttributes indicates the attributes that the target file(s) must
have.  If the attribute is zero then only normal files are deleted.  If
the system file or hidden attributes are specified then the delete is
inclusive -both the specified type(s) of files and normal files are
deleted.  Attributes are described in the "Attribute Encoding" section
of this document.

If bit0 of the Flags2 field of the SMB header is set, a pattern is
passed in, and the file has a long name, then the passed pattern  much
match the long file name for the delete to succeed.  If bit0 is clear, a
pattern is passed in, and the file has a long name, then the passed
pattern must match the file's short name for the deletion to succeed.


Server Response                    Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 0
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes = 0


4.2.9.1        Errors

ERRDOS/ERRbadpath
ERRDOS/ERRbadfile
ERRDOS/ERRnoaccess
ERRHRD/ERRnowrite
ERRSRV/ERRaccess
ERRSRV/ERRinvdevice
ERRSRV/ERRinvid
ERRSRV/ERRbaduid






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4.2.10     RENAME: Rename File

The rename file message is sent to change the name of a file.


Client Request                     Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 1
USHORT SearchAttributes;           Target file attributes
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes;    min = 4
UCHAR BufferFormat1;               0x04
STRING OldFileName[];              Old file name
UCHAR BufferFormat2;               0x04
STRING NewFileName[];              New file name



Files OldFileName must exist and NewFileName must not.  Both pathnames
must be relative to the Tid specified in the request.  Open files may be
renamed.

Multiple files may be renamed in response to a single request as Rename
File supports wildcards in the file name (last component of the
pathname).

SearchAttributes indicates the attributes that the target file(s) must
have.  If SearchAttributes is zero then only normal files are renamed.
If the system file or hidden attributes are specified then the rename is
inclusive -both the specified type(s) of files and normal files are
renamed.  The encoding of SearchAttributes is described in section 3.11
-     File Attribute Encoding.


Server Response                    Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 0
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes = 0


4.2.10.1       Errors

ERRDOS/ERRbadpath
ERRDOS/ERRbadfile
ERRDOS/ERRnoaccess
ERRDOS/ERRdiffdevice
ERRHRD/ERRnowrite
ERRSRV/ERRaccess
ERRSRV/ERRinvdevice
ERRSRV/ERRinvid
ERRSRV/ERRbaduid






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4.2.11     MOVE:  Rename File

The source file is copied to the destination and the source is
subsequently deleted.


 Client Request                     Description
 ================================== =================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 3
 USHORT Tid2;                       Second (target) file id
 USHORT OpenFunction;               what to do if target file exists
 USHORT Flags;                      Flags to control move operations:
                                     0 - target must be a file
                                     1 - target must be a directory
                                     2 - reserved (must be 0)
                                     3 - reserved (must be 0)
                                     4 - verify all writes
 USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes;    min = 2
 UCHAR Format1;                     0x04
 STRING OldFileName[];              Old file name
 UCHAR FormatNew;                   0x04
 STRING NewFileName[];              New file name



OldFileName is copied to NewFileName, then OldFileName is deleted.  Both
OldFileName and  NewFileName must refer to paths on the same server.
NewFileName can refer to either a file or a directory.  All file
components except the last must exist; directories will not be created.

NewFileName can be required to be a file or a directory by the Flags
field.

The Tid in the header is associated with the source while Tid2 is
associated with the destination.  These fields may contain the same or
differing valid values. Tid2 can be set to -1 indicating that this is to
be the same Tid as in the SMB header.  This allows use of the move
protocol with SMB_TREE_CONNECT_ANDX.


 Server Response                    Description
 ================================== =================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 1
 USHORT Count;                      Number of files moved
 USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes;    min = 0
 UCHAR ErrorFileFormat;             0x04  (only if error)
 STRING ErrorFileName[];            Pathname of file where error
                                     occurred







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The source path must refer to an existing file or files.  Wildcards are
permitted.  Source files specified by wildcards are processed until an
error is encountered. If an error is encountered, the expanded name of
the file is returned in ErrorFileName.  Wildcards are not permitted in
NewFileName.

OpenFunction controls what should happen if the destination file exists.
If (OpenFunction & 0x30) == 0, the operation should fail if the
destination exists.  If (OpenFunction & 0x30) == 0x20, the destination
file should be overwritten.


4.2.11.1   Errors

ERRDOS/ERRfilexists
ERRDOS/ERRbadfile
ERRDOS/ERRnoaccess
ERRDOS/ERRnofiles
ERRDOS/ERRbadshare
ERRHRD/ERRnowrite
ERRSRV/ERRnoaccess
ERRSRV/ERRinvdevice
ERRSRV/ERRinvid
ERRSRV/ERRbaduid
ERRSRV/ERRnosupport
ERRSRV/ERRaccess


























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4.2.12     COPY: Copy File


 Client Request                     Description
 ================================== =================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 3
 USHORT Tid2;                       Second (target) path TID
 USHORT OpenFunction;               What to do if target file exists
 USHORT Flags;                      Flags to control copy operation:
                                     bit 0 - target must be a file
                                     bit 1 - target must be a dir.
                                     bit 2 - copy target mode:
                                     0 = binary, 1 = ASCII
                                     bit 3 - copy source mode:
                                     0 = binary, 1 = ASCII
                                     bit 4 - verify all writes
                                     bit 5 - tree copy
 USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes;    min = 2
 UCHAR SourceFileNameFormat;        0x04
 STRING SourceFileName;             Pathname of source file
 UCHAR TargetFileNameFormat;        0x04
 STRING TargetFileName;             Pathname of target file



The file at SourceName is copied to TargetFileName, both of which must refer
to paths on the same server.

The Tid in the header is associated with the source while Tid2 is
associated with the destination.  These fields may contain the same or
differing valid values. Tid2 can be set to -1 indicating that this is to
be the same Tid as in the SMB header.  This allows use of the move
protocol with SMB_TREE_CONNECT_ANDX.


 Server Response                    Description
 ================================== =================================

 UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 1
 USHORT Count;                      Number of files copied
 USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes;    min = 0
 UCHAR ErrorFileFormat;             0x04 (only if error)
 STRING ErrorFileName;



The source path must refer to an existing file or files.  Wildcards are
permitted.  Source files specified by wildcards are processed until an
error is encountered. If an error is encountered, the expanded name of
the file is returned in ErrorFileName.  Wildcards are not permitted in
TargetFileName.  TargetFileName can refer to either a file or a direc-
tory.





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The destination can be required to be a file or a directory by the bits
in Flags.  If neither bit0 nor bit1 are set, the destination may be
either a file or a directory.  Flags also controls the copy mode.  In a
binary copy for the source, the copy stops the first time an EOF
(control-Z) is encountered. In a binary copy for the target, the server
must make sure that there is exactly one EOF in the target file and that
it is the last character of the file.

If the destination is a file and the source contains wildcards, the
destination file will either be truncated or appended to at the start of
the operation depending on bits in OpenFunction (see section 3.7).
Subsequent files will then be appended to the file.

If the negotiated dialect is  LM1.2X002 or later, bit5 of Flags is used
to specify a tree copy on the remote server.  When this option is
selected the destination must not be an existing file and the source
mode must be binary.  A request with bit5 set and either bit0 or bit3
set is therefore an error.  When the tree copy mode is selected, the
Count field in the server response is undefined.


4.2.12.1       Errors

ERRDOS/ERRfilexists
ERRDOS/ERRshare
ERRDOS/ERRnofids
ERRDOS/ERRbadfile
ERRDOS/ERRnoaccess
ERRDOS/ERRnofiles
ERRDOS/ERRbadshare
ERRSRV/ERRnoaccess
ERRSRV/ERRinvdevice
ERRSRV/ERRinvid
ERRSRV/ERRbaduid
ERRSRV/ERRaccess


4.2.13     TRANS2_QUERY_PATH_INFORMATION: Get File Attributes given
     Path

This request is used to get information about a specific file or
subdirectory.










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 Client Request             Value
 ========================== =========================================

 WordCount                  15
 MaxSetupCount              0
 SetupCount                 1
 Setup[0]                   TRANS2_QUERY_PATH_INFORMATION



 Parameter Block Encoding   Description
 ========================== =========================================

 USHORT InformationLevel;   Level of information requested
 ULONG Reserved;            Must be zero
 STRING FileName;           File or directory name



The following InformationLevels may be requested:


 Information Level                Value

 ================================ =====

 SMB_INFO_STANDARD                1
 SMB_INFO_QUERY_EA_SIZE           2
 SMB_INFO_QUERY_EAS_FROM_LIST     3
 SMB_INFO_QUERY_ALL_EAS           4
 SMB_INFO_IS_NAME_VALID           6
 SMB_QUERY_FILE_BASIC_INFO        0x101
 SMB_QUERY_FILE_STANDARD_INFO     0x102
 SMB_QUERY_FILE_EA_INFO           0x103
 SMB_QUERY_FILE_NAME_INFO         0x104
 SMB_QUERY_FILE_ALL_INFO          0x107
 SMB_QUERY_FILE_ALT_NAME_INFO     0x108
 SMB_QUERY_FILE_STREAM_INFO       0x109
 SMB_QUERY_FILE_COMPRESSION_INFO  0x10B



The requested information is placed in the Data portion of the
transaction response.  For the information levels greater than 0x100,
the transaction response has 1 parameter word which should be ignored by
the client.

The following sections describe the InformationLevel dependent encoding
of the data part of the transaction response.










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4.2.13.1       SMB_INFO_STANDARD & SMB_INFO_QUERY_EA_SIZE


 Data Block Encoding              Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 SMB_DATE CreationDate;           Date when file was created
 SMB_TIME CreationTime;           Time when file was created
 SMB_DATE LastAccessDate;         Date of last file access
 SMB_TIME LastAccessTime;         Time of last file access
 SMB_DATE LastWriteDate;          Date of last write to the file
 SMB_TIME LastWriteTime;          Time of last write to the file
 ULONG  DataSize;                 File Size
 ULONG AllocationSize;            Size of filesystem allocation unit
 USHORT Attributes;               File Attributes
 ULONG EaSize;                    Size of file's EA information
                                  (SMB_INFO_QUERY_EA_SIZE)


4.2.13.2       SMB_INFO_QUERY_EAS_FROM_LIST & SMB_INFO_QUERY_ALL_EAS


 Response Field       Value
 ==================== ===============================================

 MaxDataCount         Length of EAlist found (minimum value is 4)

 Parameter Block      Description
 Encoding             ===============================================
 ====================

 USHORT EaErrorOffset Offset into EAList of EA error

 Data Block Encoding  Description
 ==================== ===============================================

 ULONG ListLength;    Length of the remaining data
 UCHAR EaList[]       The extended attributes list


4.2.13.3   SMB_INFO_IS_NAME_VALID

This requests checks to see if the name of the file contained in the
request's Data field has a valid path syntax.  No parameters or data are
returned on this information request. An error is returned if the syntax
of the name is incorrect.  Success indicates the server accepts the path
syntax, but it does not ensure the file or directory actually exists.















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4.2.13.4   SMB_QUERY_FILE_BASIC_INFO


 Data Block Encoding              Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 LARGE_INTEGER CreationTime;      Time when file was created
 LARGE_INTEGER LastAccessTime;    Time of last file access
 LARGE_INTEGER LastWriteTime;     Time of last write to the file
 LARGE_INTEGER ChangeTime         Time when file was last changed
 USHORT Attributes;               File Attributes



4.2.13.5   SMB_QUERY_FILE_STANDARD_INFO


 Data Block Encoding              Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 LARGE_INTEGER AllocationSize     Allocated size of the file in number
                                  of bytes
 LARGE_INTEGER EndofFile;         Offset to the first free byte in the
                                  file
 ULONG NumberOfLinks              Number of hard links to the file
 BOOLEAN DeletePending            Indicates whether the file is marked
                                  for deletion
 BOOLEAN Directory                Indicates whether the file is a
                                  directory



4.2.13.6    SMB_QUERY_FILE_EA_INFO


 Data Block Encoding              Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 ULONG EASize                     Size of the file's extended
                                  attributes in number of bytes



4.2.13.7   SMB_QUERY_FILE_NAME_INFO


 Data Block Encoding              Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 ULONG FileNameLength             Length of the file name in number of
                                  bytes
 STRING FileName                  Name of the file








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4.2.13.8   SMB_QUERY_FILE_ALL_INFO


 Data Block Encoding              Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 LARGE_INTEGER CreationTime;      Time when file was created
 LARGE_INTEGER LastAccessTime;    Time of last file access
 LARGE_INTEGER LastWriteTime;     Time of last write to the file
 LARGE_INTEGER ChangeTime         Time when file was last changed
 USHORT Attributes;               File Attributes
 LARGE_INTEGER AllocationSize     Allocated size of the file in number
                                  of bytes
 LARGE_INTEGER EndofFile;         Offset to the first free byte in the
                                  file
 ULONG NumberOfLinks              Number of hard links to the file
 BOOLEAN DeletePending            Indicates whether the file is marked
                                  for deletion
 BOOLEAN Directory                Indicates whether the file is a
                                  directory
 LARGE_INTEGER Index Number       A file system unique identifier
 ULONG EASize                     Size of the file's extended
                                  attributes in number of bytes
 ULONG AccessFlags                Access that a caller has to the
                                  file; Possible values and meanings
                                  are specified below
 LARGE_INTEGER Index Number       A file system unique identifier
 LARGE_INTEGER CurrentByteOffset  Current byte offset within the file
 ULONG Mode                       Current Open mode of the file handle
                                  to the file; possible values and
                                  meanings are detailed below
 ULONG AlignmentRequirement       Buffer Alignment required by device;
                                  possible values detailed below
 ULONG FileNameLength             Length of the file name in number of
                                  bytes
 STRING FileName                  Name of the file


The AccessFlags specifies the access permissions a caller has to the
file and can have any suitable combination of the following values:














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 Value                           Meaning

ILE_READ_DATA        0x00000001 Data can be read from the file
ILE_WRITE_DATA       0x00000002 Data can be written to the file
ILE_APPEND_DATA      0x00000004 Data can be appended to the file
ILE_READ_EA          0x00000008 Extended attributes associated
                                 with the file can be read
ILE_WRITE_EA         0x00000010 Extended attributes associated
                                 with the file can be written
ILE_EXECUTE          0x00000020 Data can be read into memory from
                                 the file using system paging I/O
ILE_READ_ATTRIBUTES  0x00000080 Attributes associated with the
                                 file can be read
ILE_WRITE_ATTRIBUTES 0x00000100 Attributes associated with the
                                 file can be written
ELETE                0x00010000 The file can be deleted
EAD_CONTROL          0x00020000 The access control list and
                                 ownership associated with the
                                 file can be read
RITE_DAC             0x00040000 The access control list and
                                 ownership associated with the
                                 file can be written.
RITE_OWNER           0x00080000 Ownership information associated
                                 with the file can be written
YNCHRONIZE           0x00100000 The file handle can waited on to
                                 synchronize with the completion
                                 of an input/output request


























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The Mode field specifies the mode in which the file is currently opened.
The possible values may be a suitable and logical combination of the
following:


Value                                       Meaning

FILE_WRITE_THROUGH            0x00000002   File is opened in mode
                                            where data is written to
                                            file before the driver
                                            completes a write request
FILE_SEQUENTIAL_ONLY          0x00000004   All access to the file is
                                            sequential
FILE_SYNCHRONOUS_IO_ALERT     0x00000010   All operations on the
                                            file are performed
                                            synchronously
FILE_SYNCHRONOUS_IO_NONALERT  0x00000020   All operations on the
                                            file are to be performed
                                            synchronously. Waits  in
                                            the system to synchronize
                                            I/O queuing and
                                            completion are not
                                            subject to alerts.































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The AlignmentRequirement field specifies buffer alignment required by
the device and can have any one of the following values:


  Value                              Meaning

FILE_BYTE_ALIGNMENT      0x00000000  The buffer needs to be aligned
                                     on a byte boundary
FILE_WORD_ALIGNMENT      0x00000001  The buffer needs to be aligned
                                     on a word boundary
FILE_LONG_ALIGNMENT      0x00000003  The buffer needs to be aligned
                                     on a 4 byte boundary
FILE_QUAD_ALIGNMENT      0x00000007  The buffer needs to be aligned
                                     on an 8 byte boundary
FILE_OCTA_ALIGNMENT      0x0000000f  The buffer needs to be aligned
                                     on a 16 byte boundary
FILE_32_BYTE_ALIGNMENT   0x0000001f  The buffer needs to be aligned
                                     on a 32 byte boundary
FILE_64_BYTE_ALIGNMENT   0x0000003f  The buffer needs to be aligned
                                     on a 64 byte boundary
FILE_128_BYTE_ALIGNMENT  0x0000007f  The buffer needs to be aligned
                                     on a 128 byte boundary
FILE_256_BYTE_ALIGNMENT  0x000000ff  The buffer needs to be aligned
                                     on a 256 byte boundary
FILE_512_BYTE_ALIGNMENT  0x000001ff  The buffer needs to be aligned
                                     on a 512 byte boundary




4.2.13.9   SMB_QUERY_FILE_ALT_NAME_INFO


 Data Block Encoding   Description
 ===================== =================================
 ===                   ===

 ULONG FileNameLength  Length of the file name in number
                        of bytes
 STRING FileName       Name of the file

















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4.2.13.10  SMB_QUERY_FILE_STREAM_INFO


 Data Block Encoding              Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 ULONG NextEntryOffset            Offset to the next entry (in bytes)
 ULONG StreamNameLength           Length of the stream name in number
                                  of bytes
 LARGE_INTEGER StreamSize         Size of the stream in number of
                                  bytes
 LARGE_INTEGER                    Allocated size of the stream in
 StreamAllocationSize             number of bytes
 STRING FileName                  Name of the stream



4.2.13.11  SMB_QUERY_FILE_COMPRESSION_INFO


 Data Block Encoding              Description
 ===============================  ====================================

 LARGE_INTEGER                    Size of the compressed file in
 CompressedFileSize               number of bytes
 USHORT CompressionFormat         A constant signifying the
                                  compression algorithm used. Possible
                                  values are:
                                  0 - There is no compression
                                  2- Compression Format is LZNT
 UCHAR CompressionUnitShift
 UCHAR ChunkShift                 stored in log2 format. 1<<ChunkShift
                                  = ChunkSizeInBytes
 UCHAR ClusterShift               indicates how much space must be
                                  saved to successfully compress a
                                  compression unit
 UCHAR Reserved[3]



4.2.14     TRANS2_QUERY_FILE_INFORMATION: Get File Attributes Given FID

This request is used to get information about a specific file or
subdirectory given a handle to it.












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 Client Request             Value
 ========================== ==========================================

 WordCount                  15
 MaxSetupCount              0
 SetupCount                 1
 Setup[0]                   TRANS2_QUERY_FILE_INFORMATION

 Parameter Block Encoding   Description
 ========================== ==========================================

 USHORT Fid;                Handle of file for request
 USHORT InformationLevel;   Level of information requested



The available information levels, as well as the format of the response
are identical to TRANS2_QUERY_PATH_INFORMATION.


4.2.15     TRANS2_SET_PATH_INFORMATION: Set File Attributes given Path

This request is used to set information about a specific file or
subdirectory.


 Client Request             Value
 ========================== =========================================

 WordCount                  15
 MaxSetupCount              0
 SetupCount                 1
 Setup[0]                   TRANS2_SET_PATH_INFORMATION

 Parameter Block Encoding   Description
 ========================== =========================================

 USHORT InformationLevel;   Level of information to set
 ULONG Reserved;            Must be zero
 STRING FileName;           File or directory name



The following Information Levels may be set:


 Information Level           Value
 ==========================  =========================================

 SMB_INFO_STANDARD           1
 SMB_INFO_QUERY_EA_SIZE      2
 SMB_INFO_QUERY_ALL_EAS      4



The response formats are:








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4.2.15.1   SMB_INFO_STANDARD & SMB_INFO_QUERY_EA_SIZE


 Parameter Block Encoding           Description
 ================================== =================================

 USHORT Reserved                    0

 Data Block Encoding                Description
 ================================== =================================

 SMB_DATE CreationDate;             Date when file was created
 SMB_TIME CreationTime;             Time when file was created
 SMB_DATE LastAccessDate;           Date of last file access
 SMB_TIME LastAccessTime;           Time of last file access
 SMB_DATE LastWriteDate;            Date of last write to the file
 SMB_TIME LastWriteTime;            Time of last write to the file
 ULONG  DataSize;                   File Size
 ULONG AllocationSize;              Size of filesystem allocation
                                     unit
 USHORT Attributes;                 File Attributes
 ULONG EaSize;                      Size of file's EA information
                                     (SMB_INFO_QUERY_EA_SIZE)




4.2.15.2   SMB_INFO_QUERY_ALL_EAS


 Response Field       Value
 ==================== ===============================================

 MaxDataCount         Length of FEAlist found (minimum value is 4)

 Parameter Block      Description
 Encoding             ===============================================
 ====================

 USHORT EaErrorOffset Offset into EAList of EA error

 Data Block Encoding  Description
 ==================== ===============================================

 ULONG ListLength;    Length of the remaining data
 UCHAR EaList[]       The extended attributes list




4.2.16     TRANS2_SET_FILE_INFORMATION: Set File Attributes Given FID

This request is used to set information about a specific file or
subdirectory given a handle to the file or subdirectory.










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 Client Request             Value
 ========================== ==========================================

 WordCount                  15
 MaxSetupCount              0
 SetupCount                 1
 Setup[0]                   TRANS2_SET_FILE_INFORMATION

 Parameter Block Encoding   Description
 ========================== ==========================================

 USHORT Fid;                Handle of file for request
 USHORT InformationLevel;   Level of information requested
 USHORT Reserved;           Ignored by the server



The following InformationLevels may be set:


 Information Level                Value
 ================================ =====

 SMB_INFO_STANDARD                1
 SMB_INFO_QUERY_EA_SIZE           2
 SMB_SET_FILE_BASIC_INFO          0x101
 SMB_SET_FILE_DISPOSITION_INFO    0x102
 SMB_SET_FILE_ALLOCATION_INFO     0x103
 SMB_SET_FILE_END_OF_FILE_INFO    0x104



The two levels below 0x101 are as described in the
NT_SET_PATH_INFORMATION transaction.  The requested information is
placed in the Data portion of the transaction response. For the
information levels greater than 0x100, the transaction response has 1
parameter word which should be ignored by the client.


4.2.16.1   SMB_FILE_DISPOSITION_INFO


 Response Field       Value
 ==================== ===============================================

 BOOLEAN              A boolean which is TRUE if the file is marked
 FileIsDeleted        for deletion



4.2.16.2   SMB_FILE_ALLOCATION_INFO


 Response Field       Value
 ==================== ===============================================

 LARGE_INTEGER        File Allocation size in number of bytes






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4.2.16.3   SMB_FILE_END_OF_FILE_INFO


 Response Field       Value
 ==================== ===============================================

 LARGE_INTEGER        The total number of bytes that need to be
                       traversed from the beginning of the file in
                       order to locate the end of the file





4.3  Directory Requests


4.3.1       TRANS2_CREATE_DIRECTORY: Create Directory (with optional EAs)

This requests the server to create a directory relative to Tid in the
SMB header, optionally assigning extended attributes to it.


 Client Request             Value
 ========================== =========================================

 WordCount                  15
 MaxSetupCount              0
 SetupCount                 1
 Setup[0]                   TRANS2_CREATE_DIRECTORY

 Parameter Block Encoding   Description
 ========================== =========================================

 ULONG Reserved;            Reserved--must be zero
 STRING Name[];             Directory name to create
 UCHAR Data[];              Optional FEAList for the new directory



 Response Parameter Block   Description
 ========================== =========================================

 USHORT EaErrorOffset       Offset into FEAList of first error which
                            occurred while setting EAs


4.3.2       DELETE_DIRECTORY: Delete Directory

The delete directory message is sent to delete an empty directory.  The
appropriate Tid and additional pathname are passed.  The directory must
be empty for it to be deleted.









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Client Request                     Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 0
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes;    min = 2
UCHAR BufferFormat;                0x04
STRING DirectoryName[];            Directory name



The directory to be deleted cannot be the root of the share specified by
Tid.


Server Response                    Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 0
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes = 0


4.3.3       CHECK_DIRECTORY: Check Directory

This SMB is used to verify that a path exists and is a directory.  No
error is returned if the given path exists and the client has read
access to it.  Client machines which maintain a concept of a "working
directory" will find this useful to verify the validity of a "change
working directory" command.  Note that the servers do NOT have a concept
of working directory for a particular client.  The client must always
supply full pathnames relative to the Tid in the SMB header.


Client Request                     Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 0
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes;    min = 2
UCHAR BufferFormat;                0x04
STRING DirectoryPath[];            Directory path



Server Response                    Description
================================== =================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 0
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes = 0



DOS clients, in particular, depend on the SMB_ERR_BAD_PATH return code
if the directory is not found.










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4.3.3.1    Errors

ERRDOS/ERRbadfile
ERRDOS/ERRbadpath
ERRDOS/ERRnoaccess
ERRHRD/ERRdata
ERRSRV/ERRinvid
ERRSRV/ERRbaduid
ERRSRV/ERRaccess


4.3.4       TRANS2_FIND_FIRST2: Search Directory using Wildcards


 Client Request                Value
 ============================  ==================================

 WordCount                     15
 TotalDataCount                Total size of extended attribute list
 SetupCount                    1
 Setup[0]                      TRANS2_FIND_FIRST2



 Parameter Block Encoding      Description
 ============================  ==================================
 ======

     USHORT SearchAttributes;
 USHORT SearchCount;           Maximum number of entries to return
 USHORT Flags;                 Additional information:
                               Bit 0 - close search after this request
                               Bit 1 - close search if end of search
                               reached
                               Bit 2 - return resume keys for each
                               entry found
                               Bit 3 - continue search from previous
                               ending place
                               Bit 4 - find with backup intent
 USHORT InformationLevel;      See below
 ULONG SearchStorageType;
 STRING FileName;              Pattern for the search
 UCHAR Data[ TotalDataCount ]  FEAList if InformationLevel is
                               QUERY_EAS_FROM_LIST












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 Response Parameter Block      Description
 ============================  ==================================

 USHORT Sid;                   Search handle
 USHORT SearchCount;           Number of entries returned
 USHORT EndOfSearch;           Was last entry returned?
 USHORT EaErrorOffset;         Offset into EA list if EA error
 USHORT LastNameOffset;        Offset into data to file name of last
                               entry, if server needs it to resume
                               search; else 0
 UCHAR Data[ TotalDataCount ]  Level dependent info about the matches
                               found in the search



This request allows the client to search for the file(s) which match the
file specification.  The search can be continued if necessary with
TRANS2_FIND_NEXT2. There are numerous levels of information which may be
obtained for the returned files, the desired level is specified in the
InformationLevel field of the request.


 InformationLevel Name              Value
 =================================  ================

 SMB_INFO_STANDARD                  1
 SMB_INFO_QUERY_EA_SIZE             2
 SMB_INFO_QUERY_EAS_FROM_LIST       3
 SMB_FIND_FILE_DIRECTORY_INFO       0x101
 SMB_FIND_FILE_FULL_DIRECTORY_INFO  0x102
 SMB_FIND_FILE_NAMES_INFO           0x103
 SMB_FIND_FILE_BOTH_DIRECTORY_INFO  0x104



The following sections detail the data returned for each
InformationLevel. The requested information is placed in the Data
portion of the transaction response. Note: a client which does not
support long names can only request SMB_INFO_STANDARD.

A four-byte resume key precedes each data item (described below) if bit
2 in the Flags field is set, i.e. if the request indicates the server
should return resume keys.














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4.3.4.1    SMB_INFO_STANDARD


 Response Field                    Description
 ================================  ==================================

 SMB_DATE CreationDate;            Date when file was created
 SMB_TIME CreationTime;            Time when file was created
 SMB_DATE LastAccessDate;          Date of last file access
 SMB_TIME LastAccessTime;          Time of last file access
 SMB_DATE LastWriteDate;           Date of last write to the file
 SMB_TIME LastWriteTime;           Time of last write to the file
 ULONG  DataSize;                  File Size
 ULONG AllocationSize;             Size of filesystem allocation unit
 USHORT Attributes;                File Attributes
 UCHAR FileNameLength;             Length of filename in bytes
 STRING FileName;                  Name of found file


4.3.4.2    SMB_INFO_QUERY_EA_SIZE


 Response Field                     Description
 =================================  ==================================

 SMB_DATE CreationDate;             Date when file was created
  SMB_TIME CreationTime;            Time when file was created
  SMB_DATE LastAccessDate;          Date of last file access
  SMB_TIME LastAccessTime;          Time of last file access
  SMB_DATE LastWriteDate;           Date of last write to the file
  SMB_TIME LastWriteTime;           Time of last write to the file
  ULONG DataSize;                   File Size
  ULONG AllocationSize;             Size of filesystem allocation unit
  USHORT Attributes;                File Attributes
  ULONG EaSize;                     Size of file's EA information
  UCHAR FileNameLength;             Length of filename in bytes
  STRING FileName;                  Name of found file


4.3.4.3    SMB_INFO_QUERY_EAS_FROM_LIST

This request returns the same information as SMB_INFO_QUERY_EA_SIZE, but
only for files which have an EA list which match the EA information in
the Data part of the request.














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4.3.4.4    SMB_FIND_FILE_DIRECTORY_INFO


 Response Field                     Description
 =================================  ==================================

 ULONG NextEntryOffset;             Offset from this structure to
                                    beginning of next one
 ULONG FileIndex;
 LARGE_INTEGER CreationTime;        file creation time
 LARGE_INTEGER LastAccessTime;      last access time
 LARGE_INTEGER LastWriteTime;       last write time
 LARGE_INTEGER ChangeTime;          last attribute change time
 LARGE_INTEGER EndOfFile;           file size
 LARGE_INTEGER AllocationSize;      size of filesystem allocation
                                    information
 ULONG ExtFileAttributes;           Extended file attributes (see
                                    section 3.12)
 ULONG FileNameLength;              Length of filename in bytes
 STRING FileName;                   Name of the file




4.3.4.5    SMB_FIND_FILE_FULL_DIRECTORY_INFO


 Response Field                     Description
 =================================  ==================================

 ULONG NextEntryOffset;             Offset from this structure to
                                    beginning of next one
 ULONG FileIndex;
 LARGE_INTEGER CreationTime;        file creation time
 LARGE_INTEGER LastAccessTime;      last access time
 LARGE_INTEGER LastWriteTime;       last write time
 LARGE_INTEGER ChangeTime;          last attribute change time
 LARGE_INTEGER EndOfFile;           file size
 LARGE_INTEGER AllocationSize;      size of filesystem allocation
                                    information
 ULONG ExtFileAttributes;           Extended file attributes (see
                                    section 3.12)
 ULONG FileNameLength;              Length of filename in bytes
 ULONG EaSize;                      Size of file's extended attributes
 STRING FileName;                   Name of the file












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4.3.4.6    SMB_FIND_FILE_BOTH_DIRECTORY_INFO


 Response Field                     Description
 =================================  ==================================

 ULONG NextEntryOffset;             Offset from this structure to
                                    beginning of next one
 ULONG FileIndex;
 LARGE_INTEGER CreationTime;        file creation time
 LARGE_INTEGER LastAccessTime;      last access time
 LARGE_INTEGER LastWriteTime;       last write time
 LARGE_INTEGER ChangeTime;          last attribute change time
 LARGE_INTEGER EndOfFile;           file size
 LARGE_INTEGER AllocationSize;      size of filesystem allocation
                                    information
 ULONG ExtFileAttributes;           Extended file attributes (see
                                    section 3.12)
 ULONG FileNameLength;              Length of FileName in bytes
 ULONG EaSize;                      Size of file's extended attributes
 UCHAR ShortNameLength;             Length of file's short name in
                                    bytes
 UCHAR Reserved
 WCHAR ShortName[12];               File's 8.3 conformant name in
                                    Unicode
 STRING FileName;                   Files full length name




4.3.4.7    SMB_FIND_FILE_NAMES_INFO


 Response Field                     Description
 =================================  ==================================

 ULONG NextEntryOffset;             Offset from this structure to
                                    beginning of next one
 ULONG FileIndex;
 ULONG FileNameLength;              Length of FileName in bytes
 STRING FileName;                   Files full length name
















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4.3.5       TRANS2_FIND_NEXT2: Resume Directory Search Using Wildcards

This request resumes a search which was begun with a previous
TRANS2_FIND_FIRST2 request.


 Client Request                     Value
 ================================== =================================

 WordCount                          15
 SetupCount                         1
 Setup[0]                           TRANS2_FIND_NEXT2

 Parameter Block Encoding           Description
 ================================== =================================

 USHORT Sid;                        Search handle
 USHORT SearchCount;                Maximum number of entries to
                                     return
 USHORT InformationLevel;           Levels described in
                                     TRANS2_FIND_FIRST2 request
 ULONG ResumeKey;                   Value returned by previous find2
                                     call
 USHORT Flags;                      Additional information: bit set-
                                     0 - close search after this
                                     request
                                     1 - close search if end of search
                                     reached
                                     2 - return resume keys for each
                                     entry found
                                     3 - resume/continue from previous
                                     ending place
                                     4 - find with backup intent
 STRING FileName;                   Resume file name



Sid is the value returned by a previous successful TRANS2_FIND_FIRST2
call.  If Bit3 of Flags is set, then FileName may be the NULL string,
since the search is continued from the previous TRANS2_FIND request.
Otherwise, FileName must not be more than 256 characters long.
















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 Response Field                     Description
 ================================== =================================

 USHORT SearchCount;                Number of entries returned
 USHORT EndOfSearch;                Was last entry returned?
 USHORT EaErrorOffset;              Offset into EA list if EA error
 USHORT LastNameOffset;             Offset into data to file name of
                                     last entry, if server needs it to
                                     resume search; else 0
 UCHAR Data[TotalDataCount]         Level dependent info about the
                                     matches found in the search




4.3.6       FIND_CLOSE2: Close Directory Search

This SMB closes a search started by the TRANS2_FIND_FIRST2 transaction
request.


Client Request                     Description
================================== ==================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 1
USHORT Sid;                        Find handle
USHORT ByteCount;                  Count of data bytes = 0



Server Response                    Description
================================== ==================================

UCHAR WordCount;                   Count of parameter words = 0
 USHORT ByteCount;                 Count of data bytes = 0


4.3.6.1    Errors

ERRDOS/ERRbadfid
ERRSRV/ERRinvid
ERRSRV/ERRaccess


4.3.7       NT_TRANSACT_NOTIFY_CHANGE: Request Change Notification


 Client Setup Words                 Description
 ================================== =================================

 ULONG CompletionFilter;            Specifies operation to monitor
 USHORT Fid;                        Fid of directory to monitor
 BOOLEAN WatchTree;                 TRUE = watch all subdirectories
                                     too
 UCHAR Reserved;                    MBZ






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This command notifies the client when the directory specified by Fid is
modified.  It also returns the name(s) of the file(s) that changed.  The
command completes once the directory has been modified based on the
supplied CompletionFilter.  The command is a "single shot" and therefore
needs to be reissued to watch for more directory changes.

A directory file must be opened before this command may be used.  Once
the directory is open, this command may be used to begin watching files
and subdirectories in the specified directory for changes.  The first
time the command is issued, the MaxParameterCount field in the transact
header determines the size of the buffer that will be used at the server
to buffer directory change information between issuances of the notify
change commands.

When a change that is in the CompletionFilter is made to the directory,
the command completes.  The names of the files that have changed since
the last time the command was issued are returned to the client.  The
ParameterCount field of the response indicates the number of bytes that
are being returned.  If too many files have changed since the last time
the command was issued, then zero bytes are returned and an alternate
status code is returned in the Status field of the response.

The CompletionFilter is a mask created as the sum of any of the
following flags:


FILE_NOTIFY_CHANGE_FILE_NAME        0x00000001
FILE_NOTIFY_CHANGE_DIR_NAME         0x00000002
FILE_NOTIFY_CHANGE_NAME             0x00000003
FILE_NOTIFY_CHANGE_ATTRIBUTES       0x00000004
FILE_NOTIFY_CHANGE_SIZE             0x00000008
FILE_NOTIFY_CHANGE_LAST_WRITE       0x00000010
FILE_NOTIFY_CHANGE_LAST_ACCESS      0x00000020
FILE_NOTIFY_CHANGE_CREATION         0x00000040
FILE_NOTIFY_CHANGE_EA               0x00000080
FILE_NOTIFY_CHANGE_SECURITY         0x00000100
FILE_NOTIFY_CHANGE_STREAM_NAME      0x00000200
FILE_NOTIFY_CHANGE_STREAM_SIZE      0x00000400
FILE_NOTIFY_CHANGE_STREAM_WRITE     0x00000800



 Server Response                    Description
 ================================== ================================
                                     ==

 ParameterCount                     # of bytes of change data
 Parameters[ ParameterCount ]       FILE_NOTIFY_INFORMATION
                                     structures






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The response contains FILE_NOTIFY_INFORMATION structures, as defined
below.  The NextEntryOffset field of the structure specifies the offset,
in bytes, from the start of the current entry to the next entry in the
list.  If this is the last entry in the list, this field is zero.  Each
entry in the list must be longword aligned, so NextEntryOffset must be a
multiple of four.


typedef struct {
    ULONG NextEntryOffset;
    ULONG Action;
    ULONG FileNameLength;
    WCHAR FileName[1];
} FILE_NOTIFY_INFORMATION;

Where Action describes what happened to the file named FileName:


FILE_ACTION_ADDED            0x00000001
FILE_ACTION_REMOVED          0x00000002
FILE_ACTION_MODIFIED         0x00000003
FILE_ACTION_RENAMED_OLD_NAME 0x00000004
FILE_ACTION_RENAMED_NEW_NAME 0x00000005
FILE_ACTION_ADDED_STREAM     0x00000006
FILE_ACTION_REMOVED_STREAM   0x00000007
FILE_ACTION_MODIFIED_STREAM  0x00000008



4.4  DFS Operations


4.4.1       TRANS2_GET_DFS_REFERRAL: Retrieve Distributed Filesystem Referral

The client sends this request to ask the server to convert
RequestFilename into an alternate name for this file.  This request can
be sent to the server if the server response to the NEGOTIATE SMB
included the CAP_DFS capability.  The TID of the request must be IPC$.
Bit15 of Flags2 in the SMB header must be set, indicating this is a
UNICODE request.














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Client Request              Description
==========================  =========================================

WordCount                   15
TotalDataCount              0

SetupCount                  1
Setup[0]                    TRANS2_GET_DFS_REFERRAL



Parameter Block Encoding    Description
==========================  =========================================

USHORT MaxReferralLevel     Latest referral version number understood
WCHAR RequestFileName;      DFS name of file for which referral is
                            sought



Response Data Block         Description
==========================  =========================================

USHORT PathConsumed;        Number of RequestFilename bytes client
USHORT NumberOfReferrals;   Number of referrals contained in this
                            response
USHORT Flags;               bit0 - The servers in Referrals are
                            capable of fielding
                            TRANS2_GET_DFS_REFERRAL.
                            bit1 - The servers in Referrals should
                            hold the storage for the requested file.
REFERRAL_LIST Referrals[]   Set of referrals for this file

UNICODESTRINGE Strings      Used to hold the strings pointed to by
                            Version 2 Referrals in REFERRALS.



The server response is a list of Referrals which inform the client where
it should resubmit the request to obtain access to the file.
PathConsumed in the response indicates to the client how many characters
of  RequestFilename have been consumed by the server.  When the client
chooses one of the referrals to use for file access, the client may need
to strip the leading PathConsumed characters from the front of
RequestFileName before submitting the name to the target server.
Whether or not the pathname should be trimmed is indicated by the
individual referral as detailed below.

Flags indicates how this referral should be treated.  If bit0 is clear,
any entity in the Referrals list holds the storage for RequestFileName.
If bit0 is set, any entity in the Referrals list has further referral
information for RequestFilename - a TRANS2_GET_DFS_REFERRAL request
should be sent to an entity in the Referrals list for further
resolution.





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The format of an individual referral contains version and  length
information allowing the client to skip referrals it does not
understand.  MaxReferralLevel indicates to the server the latest version
of referral which the client can digest.  Since each referral has a
uniform element, MaxReferralLevel is advisory only. Each element in
Referrals has this envelope:


REFERRAL_LIST element
======================================================================

USHORT VersionNumber        Version of this referral element

USHORT ReferralSize         Size of this referral element



The following referral element versions are defined:


Version 1 Referral Element Format
======================================================================

USHORT ServerType           Type of Node handling referral:
                            0 - Don't know
                            1 - SMB Server
                            2 - Netware Server
                            3 - Domain

USHORT ReferralFlags        Flags which describe this referral:
                            01 - Strip off PathConsumed characters
                            before submitting RequestFileName to Node

UNICODESTRING Node          Name of entity to visit next


























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Version 2 Referral Element Format
======================================================================

USHORT ServerType              Type of Node handling referral:
                                0 - Don't know
                                1 - SMB Server
                                2 - Netware Server
                                3 - Domain

USHORT ReferralFlags           Flags which describe this referral:
                                01 - Strip off PathConsumed characters
                                before submitting RequestFileName to
                                Node

ULONG Proximity                A hint describing the proximity of this
                                server to the client. 0 indicates the
                                closest, higher numbers indicate
                                increasingly "distant" servers. The
                                number is only relevant within the
                                context of the servers listed in this
                                particular SMB.

ULONG TimeToLive               Number of seconds for which the client
                                can cache this referral.

USHORT DfsPathOffset           Offset, in bytes from the beginning of
                                this referral, of  the DFS Path that
                                matched PathConsumed bytes of the
                                RequestFileName.

USHORT DfsAlternatePathOffset  Offset, in bytes from the beginning of
                                this referral, of an alternate name
                                (8.3 format) of the DFS Path that
                                matched PathConsumed bytes of the
                                RequestFileName.

USHORT NetworkAddressOffset    Offset, in bytes from the beginning of
                                this referral, of the entity to visit
                                next.



The CIFS protocol imposes no referral selection policy.


4.4.2       TRANS2_REPORT_DFS_INCONSISTENCY: Inform a server about DFS Error

As part of the Distributed Name Resolution algorithm, a DFS client may
discover a  knowledge inconsistency between the referral server (i.e.,
the server that handed out a referral), and the storage server (i.e.,
the server to which the client was redirected to by the referral
server). When such an inconsistency is discovered, the DFS client
optionally sends this SMB to the referral server, allowing the referral
server to take corrective action.






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Client Request                     Description
================================== ==================================

WordCount                          15
MaxParameterCount                  0
SetupCount                         1
Setup[0]                           TRANS2_REPORT_DFS_INCONSISTENCY



Parameter Block Encoding           Description
================================== ==================================

UNICODESTRING RequestFileName;     DFS Name of file for which
                                    referral was sought



The data part of this request contains the referral element (Version 1
format only) believed to be in error.  These are encoded as described in
the TRANS2_GET_DFS_REFERRAL response.  If the server returns success,
the client can resubmit the TRANS2_GET_DFS_REFERRAL request to this
server to get a new referral.  It is not mandatory for the DFS knowledge
to be automatically repaired - the client must be prepared to receive
further errant referrals and must not wind up looping between this
request and the TRANS2_GET_DFS_REFERRAL request.

Bit15 of Flags2 in the SMB header must be set, indicating this is a
UNICODE request.


4.5  Miscellaneous Operations


4.5.1       NT_TRANSACT_IOCTL


This command allows device and file system control functions to be
transferred transparently from client to server.


















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  Setup Words Encoding        Description
  =========================== =========================================

  ULONG FunctionCode;         NT device or file system control code
  USHORT Fid;                 Handle for io or fs control.  Unless BIT0
                               of ISFLAGS is set.
  BOOLEAN IsFsctl;            Indicates whether the command is a device
                               control (FALSE) or a file system control
                               (TRUE).
  UCHAR   IsFlags;            BIT0 - command is to be applied to share
                               root handle.  Share must be a DFS share.



  Data Block Encoding         Description
  =========================== =========================================

  Data[ TotalDataCount ]      Passed to the Fsctl or Ioctl



  Server Response                    Description
  ================================== ==================================

  SetupCount                         1
  Setup[0]                           Length of information returned by
                                      io or fs control
  DataCount                          Length of information returned by
                                      io or fs control
  Data[ DataCount ]                  The results of the io or fs
                                      control


4.5.2       NT_TRANSACT_QUERY_SECURITY_DESC

This command allows the client to retrieve the security descriptor on a
file.


  Client Parameter Block             Description
  ================================== =================================

  USHORT Fid;                        FID of target
  USHORT Reserved;                   MBZ
  ULONG SecurityInformation;         Fields of descriptor to set



NtQuerySecurityObject() is called, requesting SecurityInformation.  The
result of the call is returned to the client in the Data part of the
transaction response.










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4.5.3       NT_TRANSACT_SET_SECURITY_DESC

This command allows the client to change the security descriptor on a
file.


  Client Parameter Block Encoding    Description
  ================================== ==================================

  USHORT Fid;                        FID of target
  USHORT Reserved;                   MBZ
  ULONG SecurityInformation;         Fields of SD that to set



  Data Block Encoding                Description
  ================================== ==================================

  Data[TotalDataCount]               Security Descriptor information



Data is passed directly to NtSetSecurityObject(), with
SecurityInformation describing which information to set.  The
transaction response contains no parameters or data.


5   SMB Symbolic Constants


5.1  SMB Command Codes

The following values have been assigned for the SMB Commands.

























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SMB_COM_CREATE_DIRECTORY        0x00
SMB_COM_DELETE_DIRECTORY        0x01
SMB_COM_OPEN                    0x02
SMB_COM_CREATE                  0x03
SMB_COM_CLOSE                   0x04
SMB_COM_FLUSH                   0x05
SMB_COM_DELETE                  0x06
SMB_COM_RENAME                  0x07
SMB_COM_QUERY_INFORMATION       0x08
SMB_COM_SET_INFORMATION         0x09
SMB_COM_READ                    0x0A
SMB_COM_WRITE                   0x0B
SMB_COM_LOCK_BYTE_RANGE         0x0C
SMB_COM_UNLOCK_BYTE_RANGE       0x0D
SMB_COM_CREATE_TEMPORARY        0x0E
SMB_COM_CREATE_NEW              0x0F
SMB_COM_CHECK_DIRECTORY         0x10
SMB_COM_PROCESS_EXIT            0x11
SMB_COM_SEEK                    0x12
SMB_COM_LOCK_AND_READ           0x13
SMB_COM_WRITE_AND_UNLOCK        0x14
SMB_COM_READ_RAW                0x1A
SMB_COM_READ_MPX                0x1B
SMB_COM_READ_MPX_SECONDARY      0x1C
SMB_COM_WRITE_RAW               0x1D
SMB_COM_WRITE_MPX               0x1E
SMB_COM_WRITE_COMPLETE          0x20
SMB_COM_SET_INFORMATION2        0x22
SMB_COM_QUERY_INFORMATION2      0x23
SMB_COM_LOCKING_ANDX            0x24
SMB_COM_TRANSACTION             0x25
SMB_COM_TRANSACTION_SECONDARY   0x26
SMB_COM_IOCTL                   0x27
SMB_COM_IOCTL_SECONDARY         0x28
SMB_COM_COPY                    0x29
SMB_COM_MOVE                    0x2A
SMB_COM_ECHO                    0x2B
SMB_COM_WRITE_AND_CLOSE         0x2C
SMB_COM_OPEN_ANDX               0x2D
SMB_COM_READ_ANDX               0x2E
SMB_COM_WRITE_ANDX              0x2F
SMB_COM_CLOSE_AND_TREE_DISC     0x31
SMB_COM_TRANSACTION2            0x32
SMB_COM_TRANSACTION2_SECONDARY  0x33
SMB_COM_FIND_CLOSE2             0x34
SMB_COM_FIND_NOTIFY_CLOSE       0x35
SMB_COM_TREE_CONNECT            0x70
SMB_COM_TREE_DISCONNECT         0x71




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SMB_COM_NEGOTIATE               0x72
SMB_COM_SESSION_SETUP_ANDX      0x73
SMB_COM_LOGOFF_ANDX             0x74
SMB_COM_TREE_CONNECT_ANDX       0x75
SMB_COM_QUERY_INFORMATION_DISK  0x80
SMB_COM_SEARCH                  0x81
SMB_COM_FIND                    0x82
SMB_COM_FIND_UNIQUE             0x83
SMB_COM_NT_TRANSACT             0xA0
SMB_COM_NT_TRANSACT_SECONDARY   0xA1
SMB_COM_NT_CREATE_ANDX          0xA2
SMB_COM_NT_CANCEL               0xA4
SMB_COM_OPEN_PRINT_FILE         0xC0
SMB_COM_WRITE_PRINT_FILE        0xC1
SMB_COM_CLOSE_PRINT_FILE        0xC2
SMB_COM_GET_PRINT_QUEUE         0xC3
SMB_COM_READ_BULK               0xD8
SMB_COM_WRITE_BULK              0xD9
SMB_COM_WRITE_BULK_DATA         0xDA


5.2  SMB_COM_TRANSACTION2 Subcommand codes

The subcommand code for SMB_COM_TRANSACTION2 request is placed in
Setup[0].  The parameters associated with any particular request are
placed in the Parameters vector of the request.  The defined subcommand
codes are:

























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Setup[0] Transaction2           Value Description
Subcommand Code
=============================== ===== =============================

TRANS2_OPEN2                    0x00  Create file with extended
                                        attributes
TRANS2_FIND_FIRST2              0x01  Begin search for files
TRANS2_FIND_NEXT2               0x02  Resume search for files
TRANS2_QUERY_FS_INFORMATION     0x03  Get file system information
                                 0x04  Reserved
TRANS2_QUERY_PATH_INFORMATION   0x05  Get information about a named
                                        file or directory
TRANS2_SET_PATH_INFORMATION     0x06  Set information about a named
                                        file or directory
TRANS2_QUERY_FILE_INFORMATION   0x07  Get information about a
                                        handle
TRANS2_SET_FILE_INFORMATION     0x08  Set information by handle
TRANS2_FSCTL                    0x09  Not implemented by NT server
TRANS2_IOCTL2                   0x0A  Not implemented by NT server
TRANS2_FIND_NOTIFY_FIRST        0x0B  Not implemented by NT server
TRANS2_FIND_NOTIFY_NEXT         0x0C  Not implemented by NT server
TRANS2_CREATE_DIRECTORY         0x0D  Create directory with
                                        extended attributes
TRANS2_SESSION_SETUP            0x0E  Session setup with extended
                                        security information
TRANS2_GET_DFS_REFERRAL         0x10  Get a DFS referral
TRANS2_REPORT_DFS_INCONSISTENCY 0x11  Report a DFS knowledge
                                        inconsistency


5.3  SMB_COM_NT_TRANSACTION Subcommand Codes

For these transactions, Function in the primary client request indicates
the operation to be performed.  It may assume one of the following
values:


 SubCommand Code                    Value Description
 ================================== ===== ===========================

 NT_TRANSACT_CREATE                 1     File open/create
 NT_TRANSACT_IOCTL                  2     Device IOCTL
 NT_TRANSACT_SET_SECURITY_DESC      3     Set security descriptor
 NT_TRANSACT_NOTIFY_CHANGE          4     Start directory watch
 NT_TRANSACT_RENAME                 5     Reserved (Handle-based
                                           rename)
 NT_TRANSACT_QUERY_SECURITY_DESC    6     Retrieve security
                                           descriptor info








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5.4  SMB Protocol Dialect Constants

This is the list of  CIFS protocol dialects, ordered from least
functional (earliest) version to most functional (most recent) version:


Dialect Name                 Comment
===========================  =======================================
                              =

PC NETWORK PROGRAM 1.0       The original MSNET SMB protocol
                              (otherwise known as the "core
                              protocol")
PCLAN1.0                     Some versions of the original MSNET
                              defined this as an alternate to the
                              core protocol name
MICROSOFT NETWORKS 1.03      This is used for the MS-NET 1.03
                              product.  It defines
                              Lock&Read,Write&Unlock, and a special
                              version of raw read and raw write.
MICROSOFT NETWORKS 3.0       This is the  DOS LANMAN 1.0 specific
                              protocol.  It is equivalent to the
                              LANMAN 1.0 protocol, except the server
                              is required to map errors from the OS/2
                              error to an appropriate DOS error.
LANMAN1.0                    This is the first version of the full
                              LANMAN 1.0 protocol
LM1.2X002                    This is the first version of the full
                              LANMAN 2.0 protocol
DOS LM1.2X002                This is the DOS equivalent of the
                              LM1.2X002 protocol.  It is identical to
                              the LM1.2X002 protocol, but the server
                              will perform error mapping to
                              appropriate DOS errors.
DOS LANMAN2.1                DOS LANMAN2.1
LANMAN2.1                    OS/2 LANMAN2.1
Windows for Workgroups 3.1a  Windows for Workgroups Version 1.0
NT LM 0.12                   The SMB protocol designed for NT
                              networking.  This has special SMBs
                              which duplicate the NT semantics.



CIFS servers select the most recent version of the protocol known to
both client and server.  Any CIFS server which supports dialects newer
than the original core dialect must support all the messages and
semantics of the dialects between the core dialect and the newer one.
This is to say that a server which supports the NT LM 0.12 dialect must
also support all of the messages of the previous 10 dialects.  It is the
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appropriate to the dialect negotiated.  Clients must be prepared to
receive an SMB response from an earlier protocol dialect -- even if the
client used the most recent form of the request.


6   Error Codes and Classes

This section lists all of the valid values for
Status.DosError.ErrorClass, and most of the error codes for
Status.DosError.Error.

The following error classes may be returned by the server to the client.


Class      Code Comment
=======    ==== ====================================================

SUCCESS    0    The request was successful.
ERRDOS     0x01 Error is from the core DOS operating system set.
ERRSRV     0x02 Error is generated by the server network file
                 manager.
ERRHRD     0x03 Error is an hardware error.
ERRCMD     0xFF Command was not in the "SMB" format.



The following error codes may be generated with the  SUCCESS error
class.


Class      Code Comment
=======    ==== ====================================================

SUCCESS    0    The request was successful.



The following error codes may be generated with the ERRDOS error class.





















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Error           Code  Description
=============== ===== =============================================

ERRbadfunc      1     Invalid function.  The server did not
                        recognize or could not perform a system call
                        generated by the server, e.g., set the
                        DIRECTORY attribute on a data file, invalid
                        seek mode.
ERRbadfile      2     File not found.  The last component of a
                        file's pathname could not be found.
ERRbadpath      3     Directory invalid.  A directory component in
                        a pathname could not be found.
ERRnofids       4     Too many open files.  The server has no file
                        handles available.
ERRnoaccess     5     Access denied, the client's context does not
                        permit the requested function.  This includes
                        the following conditions:
                        invalid rename command
                        write to Fid open for read only
                        read on Fid open for write only
                        attempt to delete a non-empty directory
ERRbadfid       6     Invalid file handle.  The file handle
                        specified was not recognized by the server.
ERRbadmcb       7     Memory control blocks destroyed.
ERRnomem        8     Insufficient server memory to perform the
                        requested function.
ERRbadmem       9     Invalid memory block address.
ERRbadenv       10    Invalid environment.
ERRbadformat    11    Invalid format.
ERRbadaccess    12    Invalid open mode.
ERRbaddata      13    Invalid data (generated only by IOCTL calls
                        within the server).
ERRbaddrive     15    Invalid drive specified.
ERRremcd        16    A Delete Directory request attempted to
                        remove the server's current directory.
ERRdiffdevice   17    Not same device (e.g., a cross volume rename
                        was attempted)
ERRnofiles      18    A File Search command can find no more files
                        matching the specified criteria.
ERRbadshare     32    The sharing mode specified for an Open
                        conflicts with existing FIDs on the file.
ERRlock         33    A Lock request conflicted with an existing
                        lock or specified an invalid mode, or an
                        Unlock requested attempted to remove a lock
                        held by another process.
ERRfilexists    80    The file named in the request already exists.







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The following error codes may be generated with the ERRSRV error class.


Error           Code  Description
=============== ===== =============================================

ERRerror        1     Non-specific error code.  It is returned
                        under the following conditions:
                        @ resource other than disk space exhausted
                          (e.g.  TIDs)
                        @ first SMB command was not negotiate
                        @ multiple negotiates attempted
                        @ internal server error
ERRbadpw        2     Bad password - name/password pair in a Tree
                        Connect or Session Setup are invalid.
ERRaccess       4     The client does not have the necessary access
                        rights within the specified context for the
                        requested function.
ERRinvnid       5     The Tid specified in a command was invalid.
ERRinvnetname   6     Invalid network name in tree connect.
ERRinvdevice    7     Invalid device - printer request made to non-
                        printer connection or non-printer request
                        made to printer connection.
ERRqfull        49    Print queue full (files) -- returned by open
                        print file.
ERRqtoobig      50    Print queue full -- no space.
ERRqeof         51    EOF on print queue dump.
ERRinvpfid      52    Invalid print file FID.
ERRsmbcmd       64    The server did not recognize the command
                        received.
ERRsrverror     65    The server encountered an internal error,
                        e.g., system file unavailable.
ERRfilespecs    67    The Fid and pathname parameters contained an
                        invalid combination of values.
ERRbadpermits   69    The access permissions specified for a file
                        or directory are not a valid combination.
                        The server cannot set the requested
                        attribute.
ERRsetattrmode  71    The attribute mode in the Set File Attribute
                        request is invalid.
ERRpaused       81    Server is paused.  (reserved for messaging)
ERRmsgoff       82    Not receiving messages.  (reserved for
                        messaging).
ERRnoroom       83    No room to buffer message.  (reserved for
                        messaging).
ERRrmuns        87    Too many remote user names.  (reserved for
                        messaging).
ERRtimeout      88    Operation timed out.
ERRnoresource   89    No resources currently available for request.





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ERRtoomanyuids  90    Too many Uids active on this session.
ERRbaduid       91    The Uid is not known as a valid user
                        identifier on this session.
ERRusempx       250   Temporarily unable to support Raw, use MPX
                        mode.
ERRusestd       251   Temporarily unable to support Raw, use
                        standard read/write.
ERRcontmpx      252   Continue in MPX mode.
ERRnosupport    65535 Function not supported.



The following error codes may be generated with the ERRHRD error class.


Error           Code  Description
=============== ===== =============================================

ERRnowrite      19    Attempt to write on write-protected media
ERRbadunit      20    Unknown unit.
ERRnotready     21    Drive not ready.
ERRbadcmd       22    Unknown command.
ERRdata         23    Data error (CRC).
ERRbadreq       24    Bad request structure length.
ERRseek         25    Seek error.
ERRbadmedia     26    Unknown media type.
ERRbadsector    27    Sector not found.
ERRnopaper      28    Printer out of paper.
ERRwrite        29    Write fault.
ERRread         30    Read fault.
ERRgeneral      31    General failure.
ERRbadshare     32    A open conflicts with an existing open.
ERRlock         33    A Lock request conflicted with an existing
                        lock or specified an invalid mode, or an
                        Unlock requested attempted to remove a lock
                        held by another process.
ERRwrongdisk    34    The wrong disk was found in a drive.
ERRFCBUnavail   35    No FCBs are available to process request.
ERRsharebufexc  36    A sharing buffer has been exceeded.




7    Legal Notice

Microsoft does not know of any third-party rights that are violated by
this contribution.  Microsoft makes no other representations regarding
this contribution.









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8    References

 [1] P. Mockapetris, "Domain Names - Concepts And Facilities", RFC 1034,
    November 1987

[2] P. Mockapetris, "Domain Names - Implementation And Specification",
    RFC 1035, November 1987

[3] Karl Auerbach, "Protocol Standard For A Netbios Service On A Tcp/Udp
    Transport: Concepts And Methods", RFC 1001, March 1987

[4] Karl Auerbach, "Protocol Standard For A Netbios Service On A Tcp/Udp
    Transport: Detailed Specifications", RFC 1002, March 1987

[5] US National Bureau of Standards, "Data Encryption Standard",
    Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) Publication
    46-1, January 1988

[6] Rivest, R. - MIT and RSA Data Security, Inc., "The MD4 Message
    Digest Algorithm", RFC 1320, April 1992

[7] X/Open Company Ltd., "X/Open CAE Specification - Protocols for
    X/Open PC Interworking: SMB, Version 2", X/Open Document Number:
    CAE 209, September 1992.


9  Authors' Addresses

Paul Leach
Dilip Naik
Microsoft
1 Microsoft Way
Redmond, WA  98052
paulle@microsoft.com
dilipn@microsoft.com


10  Appendix A -- NETBIOS transport over TCP

When operating CIFS over the NETBIOS transport over TCP, connections are
established and messages transferred as specified in RFC 1001 and RFC
1002.

Message transport is done using NETBIOS session service (see section 5.3
of RFC 1001 and section 4.3 of RFC 1002).










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10.1      Connection Establishment

After the server name has been resolved to an IP address, then a
connection to the server needs to be established if one has not already
been set up. Connection establishment is done using  the NETBIOS session
service, which requires the client to provide a "calling name" and a
"called name". The calling name is not significant in CIFS, except that
an identical name from the same transport address is assumed to
represent the same client; the called name is always "*SMBSERVER      ".
Connection establishment results in a "Session Request" packet to port
139 (see section 4.3.2 of RFC 1002).


10.1.1     Backwards compatability

If a CIFS client wishes to inter-operate with older SMB servers, then if
the server rejects the session request, it can retry with a new called
name. The choice of the new called name depends on the name resolution
mechanism used. If DNS was used, the called name should be constructed
from the first component of the server's DNS name, truncated to 15
characters if necessary, and then padded to 16 characters with blank (20
hex) characters. If NETBIOS was used, then the called named is just the
NETBIOS name. If these fail, then a NETBIOS "Adapter Status" request may
be made to obtain the server's NETBIOS name, and the connection
establishment retried with that as the called name.


10.2      Server-side Connection Procedures

A CIFS server running over NETBIOS MUST accepts any session request
specifying a called name of "*SMBSERVER     ".

In addition, if it wishes to support older SMB clients, it MAY have one
or more NETBIOS names and accept session request specifying them as the
called name.


11  Appendix B -- TCP transport

When operating CIFS over TCP, connections are established to TCP port
TBD, and each message is framed as follows:


                        1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |      ZERO     |                    LENGTH                     |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |                                                               |





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   /               SMB (Packet Type Dependent)                     /
   |                                                               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

Each CIFS request starts with a 4 byte field encoded as above: a byte of
zero, followed by three bytes of length; after that follows the body of
the request.













































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