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Versions: (draft-ietf-mpls-remote-lsp-ping) 00 01 02 03 draft-ietf-mpls-proxy-lsp-ping

Network Working Group                                         G. Swallow
Internet-Draft                                                    V. Lim
Intended status: Standards Track                           Cisco Systems
Expires: January 06, 2014                                      S. Aldrin
                                                     Huawei Technologies
                                                           July 05, 2013


                        Proxy MPLS Echo Request
                    draft-lim-mpls-proxy-lsp-ping-03

Abstract

   This document defines a means of remotely initiating Multiprotocol
   Label Switched Protocol Pings on Label Switched Paths.  A proxy ping
   request is sent to any Label Switching Routers along a Label Switched
   Path.  The primary motivations for this facility are first to limit
   the number of messages and related processing when using LSP Ping in
   large Point-to-Multipoint LSPs, and second to enable leaf to leaf/
   root tracing.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
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   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on January 06, 2014.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect



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   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

   This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF
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   it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other
   than English.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.1.  Requirements Language . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   2.  Proxy Ping Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  Proxy MPLS Echo Request / Reply Procedures  . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.1.  Procedures for the initiator  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
     3.2.  Procedures for the proxy LSR  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
       3.2.1.  Proxy LSR Handling when it is Egress for FEC  . . . .   9
       3.2.2.  Downstream Detailed/Downstream Maps in Proxy Reply  .  10
       3.2.3.  Sending an MPLS proxy ping reply  . . . . . . . . . .  10
       3.2.4.  Sending the MPLS echo requests  . . . . . . . . . . .  10
         3.2.4.1.  Forming the base MPLS echo request  . . . . . . .  11
         3.2.4.2.  Per interface sending procedures  . . . . . . . .  12
   4.  Proxy Ping Request / Reply Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     4.1.  Proxy Ping Request / Reply Message formats  . . . . . . .  12
     4.2.  Proxy Ping Request Message contents . . . . . . . . . . .  13
     4.3.  Proxy Ping Reply Message Contents . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
   5.  TLV formats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
     5.1.  Proxy Echo Parameters TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       5.1.1.  Next Hop sub-TLV  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  18
     5.2.  Reply-to Address TLV  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     5.3.  Upstream Neighbor Address TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19
     5.4.  Downstream Neighbor Address TLV . . . . . . . . . . . . .  20
   6.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  21
   7.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
   8.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  22
   9.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23
     9.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23
     9.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  23



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1.  Introduction

   This document is motivated by two broad issues in connection with
   diagnosing Point-to-Multipoint (P2MP) Label Switched Paths (LSPs).
   The first is scalability due to the automatic replication of
   Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) Echo Request Messages as they
   proceed down the tree.  The second, which is primarily motivated by
   Multicast Label Distribution Protocol (mLDP), is the ability to trace
   a sub-LSP from leaf node to root node.

   It is anticipated that very large Point-to-Multipoint and Multipoint-
   to-Multipoint (MP2MP) Label Switched Paths will exist.  Further it is
   anticipated that many of the applications for P2MP/MP2MP tunnels will
   require OAM that is both rigorous and scalable.

   Suppose one wishes to trace a P2MP LSP to localize a fault which is
   affecting one egress or a set of egresses.  Suppose one follows the
   normal procedure for tracing - namely repeatedly pinging from the
   root, incrementing the Time to Live (TTL) by one after each three or
   so pings.  Such a procedure has the potential for producing a large
   amount of processing at the P2MP-LSP midpoints and egresses.  It also
   could produce an unwieldy number of replies back to the root.

   One alternative would be to begin sending pings from points at or
   near the affected egress(es) and working backwards toward the root.
   The TTL could be held constant, say two, limiting the number of
   responses to the number of next-next-hops of the point where a ping
   is initiated.

   In the case of Resource Reservation Protocol-Traffic Engineering
   (RSVP-TE), all setup is initiated from the root of the tree.  Thus,
   the root of the tree has knowledge of both all the leaf nodes and
   usually the topology of the entire tree.  Thus the above alternative
   can easily be initiated by the root node.

   In mLDP the situation is quite different.  Leaf nodes initiate
   connectivity to the tree which is granted by the first node toward
   the root that is part of the tree.  The root node may only be aware
   of the immediately adjacent (downstream) nodes of the tree.
   Initially the leaf node only has knowledge of the (upstream) node to
   which it is immediately adjacent.  However this is sufficient
   information to intiate a trace.  First the above procedure is applied
   by asking that node to ping across the final link.  That is, a
   message is sent from the leaf to the upstream node requesting it to
   send an MPLS Echo Request for the Forward Equivalence Class (FEC) of
   the tree in question on said link.  The leaf node also requests the
   identity of the the upsteam neighbor's upstream neighbor for that
   FEC.  With this information the procedure can interatively be applied



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   until the fault is localized or the root node is reached.  In all
   cases the TTL for the request need only be at most 2.  Thus the
   processing load of each request is small as only a limited number of
   nodes will receive the request.

   This document defines protocol extensions to MPLS ping [RFC4379] to
   allow a third party to remotely cause an MPLS echo request message to
   be sent down a LSP or part of an LSP.  The procedure described in the
   paragraphs above does require that the initiator know the previous-
   hop node to the one which was pinged on the prior iteration.  This
   information is readily available in [RFC4875].  This document also
   provides a means for obtaining this information for [RFC6388].

   While the motivation for this document came from multicast scaling
   concerns, it's applicability may be wider.  The procedures presented
   in this document are applicable to all LSP ping FEC types where the
   MPLS echo request/reply are IP encapsulated and the MPLS echo reply
   can sent out of band of the LSP over ip.  Remote pinging of LSPs that
   involve the use of in-band control channels is beyond the scope of
   this document.

   Other uses of this facility are beyond the scope of this document.
   In particular, the procedures defined in this document only allow
   testing of a FEC stack consisting of a single FEC.  It also does not
   allow the initiator to specify the label assigned to that FEC, nor
   does it allow the initiator to cause any additional labels to be
   added to the label stack of the actual MPLS echo request message.

1.1.  Requirements Language

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119.

   The term "Must Be Zero" (MBZ) is used in TLV descriptions for
   reserved fields.  These fields MUST be set to zero when sent and
   ignored on receipt.

   Based on context the terms leaf and egress are used interchangeably.
   Egress is used where consistency with[RFC4379] was deemed
   appropriate.  Receiver is used in the context of receiving protocol
   messages.

   [Note (to be removed after assignments occur): <tba> = to be assigned
   by IANA]

2.  Proxy Ping Overview




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   This document defines a protocol interaction between a first node and
   a node which is part of an LSP to allow the first node to request
   that second node initiate an LSP ping for the LSP on behalf of the
   first node.  Two new LSP Ping messages are defined for remote
   pinging: the MPLS proxy ping request and the MPLS proxy ping reply.

   A remote ping operation on a P2MP LSP generally involves at least
   three LSRs; in some scenarios none of these are the ingress (root) or
   an egress (leaf) of the LSP.

   We refer to these nodes with the following terms:

      Initiator - the node which initiates the ping operation by sending
      an MPLS proxy ping request message

      Proxy LSR - the node which is the destination of the MPLS proxy
      request message and potential initiator of the MPLS echo request

      Receiver(s) - the nodes which receive the MPLS echo request
      message

      Responder - A receiver that responds to a MPLS Proxy Ping Request
      or an MPLS Echo Request

   We note that in some scenarios, the initiator could also be the
   responder, in which case the response would be internal to the node.

   The initiator formats an MPLS proxy ping request message and sends it
   to the proxy LSR, a node it believes to be on the path of the LSP.
   This message instructs the proxy LSR to either Reply with Proxy
   information or to send a MPLS echo request inband of the LSP.  The
   initiator requests Proxy information so that it can learn additional
   information it needs to use to form a subsequent MPLS Proxy Ping
   request.  For example during LSP traceroute an initiator needs the
   downstream map information to form an Echo request.  An initiator may
   also want to learn a Proxy LSR's FEC neighbor information so that it
   can form proxy request to various nodes along the LSP.

   The proxy LSR either replies with the requested Proxy information or
   it validates that it has a label mapping for the specified FEC and
   that it is authorized to send the specified MPLS echo request on
   behalf of the initiator.









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   If the proxy LSR has a label mapping for the FEC and all
   authorization checks have passed, the proxy LSR formats an MPLS echo
   request.  If the source address of the MPLS echo request is not to be
   set to the Proxy Request source address, the initiator must include a
   Reply-to Address TLV containing the source address to use in the MPLS
   echo request.  It then sends it inband of the LSP.

   The receivers process the MPLS echo request as normal, sending their
   MPLS echo replies back to the initiator.

   If the proxy LSR failed to send a MPLS echo request as normal because
   it encountered an issue while attempting to send, a MPLS proxy ping
   reply message is sent back with a return code indicating that the
   MPLS echo request could not be sent.

3.  Proxy MPLS Echo Request / Reply Procedures

3.1.  Procedures for the initiator

   The initiator creates an MPLS proxy ping request message.

   The message MUST contain a Target FEC Stack that describes the FEC
   being tested.  The topmost FEC in the target FEC stack is used at the
   Proxy LSR to lookup the MPLS label stack that will be used to
   encapsulate the MPLS echo request packet.

   The MPLS Proxy Ping message MUST contain a Proxy Echo Parameters TLV.
   In that TLV, the address type is set to either IPv4 or IPv6.  The
   Destination IP Address is set to the value to be used in the MPLS
   echo request packet.  If the Address Type is IPv4, an address is from
   the range 127/8.  If the Address Type is IPv6, an address is from the
   range ::FFFF:7F00:0/104.

   The Reply mode and Global Flags of the Proxy Echo Parameters TLV are
   set to the values to be used in the MPLS echo request message header.
   The Source UDP Port is set to the value to be used in the MPLS echo
   request packet.  The TTL is set to the value to be used in the
   outgoing MPLS label stack.  See Section 5.1 for further details.

   If the FEC's Upstream/Downstream Neighbor address information is
   required, the initiator sets the "Request for FEC neighbor
   information" Proxy Flags in the Proxy Echo Parameters TLV.

   If a Downstream Detailed or Downstream Mapping TLV is required in a
   MPLS Proxy Ping Reply, the initiator sets the "Request for Downstream
   Detailed Mapping" or "Request for Downstream Mapping" Proxy Flags in
   the Proxy Echo Parameters TLV.  Only one of the two flags can be set.




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   The Proxy Request reply mode is set with one of the reply modes
   defined in [RFC4379] as appropriate.

   A list of Next Hop IP Addresses MAY be included to limit the next
   hops towards which the MPLS echo request message will be sent.  These
   are encoded as Next Hop sub-TLVs and included in the Proxy Echo
   Parameters TLV.

   Proxy Echo Parameter TLV MPLS payload size field may be set to
   request that the MPLS echo request (including any IP and UDP header)
   be zero padded to the specified size.  When the payload size is non
   zero, if sending the MPLS Echo Request involves using an IP header,
   the Dont Fragment (DF) bit MUST be set to 1.

   Any of following TLVs MAY be included; these TLVs will be copied into
   the MPLS echo request messages:

      Pad

      Vendor Enterprise Number

      Reply TOS Byte

      P2MP Responder Identifier [RFC6425]

      Echo Jitter TLV [RFC6425]

      Vendor Private TLVs

   Downstream Detailed Mapping DDSMAP) or Downstream Mapping (DSMAP)
   TLVs MAY be included.  These TLVs will be matched to the next hop
   address for inclusion in those particular MPLS echo request messages.

   The message is then encapsulated in a UDP packet.  The source User
   Datagram Protocol (UDP) port is chosen by the initiator; the
   destination UDP port is set to 3503.  The IP header is set as
   follows: the source IP address is a routable address of the
   initiator; the destination IP address is a routable address to the
   Proxy LSR.  The packet is then sent with the IP TTL is set to 255.

3.2.  Procedures for the proxy LSR

   A proxy LSR that receives an MPLS proxy ping request message, parses
   the packet to ensure that it is a well-formed packet.  It checks that
   the TLVs that are not marked "Ignore" are understood.  If not, it
   sets the Return Code set to "Malformed echo request received" or "TLV
   not understood" (as appropriate), and the Subcode set to zero.  If
   the Reply Mode of the message header is not 1(Do not reply), an MPLS



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   proxy ping reply message SHOULD be sent as described below.  In the
   latter case, the misunderstood TLVs (only) are included in an Errored
   TLVs TLV.

   The Proxy LSR checks that the MPLS proxy ping request message did not
   arrive via one of its exception processing paths.  Packets arriving
   via IP TTL expiry, IP destination address set to a Martian address or
   label ttl expiry MUST be treated as "Unauthorized" packets.  An MPLS
   proxy ping reply message MAY be sent with a Return Code of <tba>,
   "Proxy Ping not authorized".

   The header fields Sender's Handle and Sequence Number are not
   examined, but are saved to be included in the MPLS proxy ping reply
   or MPLS echo request messages.

   The proxy LSR validates that it has a label mapping for the specified
   FEC, it then determines if it is an ingress, egress, transit or bud
   node and sets the Return Code as appropriate.  A new return code
   (Replying router has FEC mapping for topmost FEC) has been defined
   for the case where the Proxy LSR is an ingress (for example head of
   the TE tunnel or a transit router) because the existing RFC4379
   return codes don't match the situation.  For example, when a Proxy
   LSR is a transit router, it's not appropriate for the return code to
   describe how the packet would transit because the Proxy Request
   doesn't contain information about what input interface the an MPLS
   echo request would be switched from at the Proxy LSR.

   The proxy LSR then determines if it is authorized to send the
   specified MPLS echo request on behalf of the initiator.  A Proxy LSR
   MUST be capable of filtering addresses to validate initiators.  Other
   filters on FECs or MPLS echo request contents MAY be applied.  If a
   filter has been invoked (i.e. configured) and an address does not
   pass the filter, then an MPLS echo request message MUST NOT be sent,
   and the event SHOULD be logged.  An MPLS proxy ping reply message MAY
   be sent with a Return Code of <tba>, "Proxy Ping not authorized".

   The destination address specified in the Proxy Echo Parameters TLV is
   checked to ensure that it conforms to the address allowed IPv4 or
   IPv6 address range.  If not, it sets the Return Code set to
   "Malformed echo request received" and the Subcode set to zero.  If
   the Reply Mode of the message header is not 1, an MPLS proxy ping
   reply message SHOULD be sent as described below.

   If the "Request for FEC Neighbor Address info" flag is set, a
   Upstream Neighbor Address TLV and/or Downstream Neighbor Address
   TLV(s) is/are formatted for inclusion in the MPLS proxy ping reply.
   If the Upstream or Downstream address is unknown they are not
   included in the Proxy Reply.



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   If there are Next Hop sub-TLVs in the Proxy Echo Parameters TLV, each
   address is examined to determine if it is a valid next hop for this
   FEC.  If any are not, Proxy Echo Parameters TLV should be updated
   removing unrecognized Next Hop sub-TLVs.  The updated Proxy Echo
   Parameters TLV MUST be included in the MPLS proxy ping reply.

   If the "Request for Downstream Detailed Mapping" or "Request for
   Downstream Mapping" flag is set, the LSR formats (for inclusions in
   the MPLS proxy ping reply) a Downstream Detailed/Downstream Mapping
   TLV for each interface over which the MPLS echo request will be sent.

   If the Proxy LSR is the egress for the FEC, the behavior of the proxy
   LSR vary depending on whether the node is an Egress of a P2P LSP, a
   P2MP LSP or MP2MP LSP.  Additional details can be found in the
   section describing "Handling when Proxy LSR it is egress for FEC".

   If the Reply Mode of the Proxy Request message header is "1 - do not
   reply", no MPLS proxy ping reply is sent.  Otherwise an MPLS proxy
   ping reply message or MPLS echo request should be sent as described
   below.

3.2.1.  Proxy LSR Handling when it is Egress for FEC

   This sections describes the different behaviors for the Proxy LSR
   when it's the Egress for the FEC.  In the P2MP budnode and MP2MP
   budnode and egress cases, different behavior is required.

   When the Proxy LSR is the egress of a P2P FEC, a Proxy reply should
   be sent to the initiator with the return code set to 3 (Reply router
   is Egress for FEC) with return subcode set to 0.

   When the Proxy LSR is the egress of a P2MP FEC, it can be either a
   budnode or just an Egress.  If the Proxy LSR is a Budnode, a Proxy
   reply should be sent to the initiator with the return code set to 3
   (Reply router is Egress for FEC) with return subcode set to 0 and DS/
   DDMAPs only if the Proxy initiator requested information to be
   returned in a Proxy reply.  If the Proxy LSR is a Budnode but not
   requested to return a Proxy reply, the Proxy LSR should send packets
   to the downstream neighbors (no Echo reply is sent to the Proxy
   Initiator to indicate that the Proxy LSR is an egress).  If the Proxy
   LSR is just an egress, a Proxy reply should be sent to the initiator
   with the return code set to 3 (Reply router is Egress for FEC) with
   return subcode set to 0.

   When the Proxy LSR is the egress of a MP2MP FEC, it can be either a
   budnode or just an Egress.  LSP pings sent from a leaf of a MP2MP has
   different behavior in this case.  MPLS echo request are sent to all
   upstream/downstream neighbors.  The Proxy LSRs need to be consistent



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   with this variation in behavior.  If the Proxy LSR is a Budnode or
   just an egress, a Proxy reply should be sent to the initiator with
   the return code set to 3 (Reply router is Egress for FEC) with return
   subcode set to 0 and DS/DDMAPs included only if the Proxy initiator
   requested information to be returned in a Proxy reply.  If the Proxy
   LSR is not requested to return information in a proxy reply, the
   Proxy LSR should send packets to all upstream/downstream neighbors as
   would be done when sourcing an LSP ping from a M2MP leaf (no echo
   reply is sent to the Proxy initiator indicating that the Proxy LSR is
   an egress).

3.2.2.  Downstream Detailed/Downstream Maps in Proxy Reply

   When the Proxy LSR is a transit or bud node, downstream maps
   corresponding to how the packet is transited can not be supplied
   unless an ingress interface for the MPLS echo request is specified,
   since this information is not available and since all valid output
   paths are of interest, the Proxy LSR should include DS/DDMAP(s) to
   describe the entire set of paths that the packet can be replicated,
   like in the case where an LSP ping is initiated at the Proxy LSR.
   For mLDP there is a DSMAP/DDMAP per upstream/downstream neighbor for
   MP2MP LSPs, or per downstream neighbor in the P2MP LSP case.

   When the Proxy LSR is a bud node or egress in a MP2MP LSP or a
   budnode in a P2MP LSP, an LSP ping initiated from the Proxy LSR would
   source packets only to the neighbors but not itself despite the fact
   that the Proxy LSR is itself an egress for the FEC.  In order to
   match the behavior as seen from LSP Ping initiated at the Proxy LSR,
   the Proxy Reply should contain DSMAP/DDMAPs for only the paths to the
   upstream/downstream neighbors, but no DSMAP/DDMAP describing its own
   egresses paths.  The proxy LSR identifies that it's an egress for the
   FEC using a different Proxy Reply return code.  The Proxy reply
   return code is either set to "Reply router has a mapping for the
   topmost FEC" or "Reply router is Egress for the FEC".

3.2.3.  Sending an MPLS proxy ping reply

   The Reply mode, Sender's Handle and Sequence Number fields are copied
   from the proxy ping request message.  The TLVs specified above are
   included.  The message is encapsulated in a UDP packet.  The source
   IP address is a routable address of the proxy LSR; the source port is
   the well-known UDP port for LSP ping.  The destination IP address and
   UDP port are copied from the source IP address and UDP port of the
   echo request.  The IP TTL is set to 255.

3.2.4.  Sending the MPLS echo requests





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   A base MPLS echo request is formed as described in the next section.
   The section below that describes how the base MPLS echo request is
   sent on each interface.

3.2.4.1.  Forming the base MPLS echo request

   A Next_Hop_List is created as follows.  If Next Hop sub-TLVs were
   included in the received Proxy Parameters TLV, the Next_Hop_List
   created from the address in those sub-TLVs as adjusted above.
   Otherwise, the list is set to all the next hops to which the FEC
   would be forwarded.

   The proxy LSR then formats an MPLS echo request message.  The Global
   Flags and Reply Mode are copied from the Proxy Echo Parameters TLV.
   The Return Code and Return Subcode are set to zero.

   The Sender's Handle and Sequence Number are copied from the remote
   echo request message.

   The TimeStamp Sent is set to the time-of-day (in seconds and
   microseconds) that the echo request is sent.  The TimeStamp Received
   is set to zero.

   If the reply-to address TLV is present, it is used to set the echo
   request source address, otherwise the echo request source address is
   set to the proxy request source address.

   The following TLVs are copied from the MPLS proxy ping request
   message.  Note that of these, only the Target FEC Stack is REQUIRED
   to appear in the MPLS proxy ping request message.

      Target FEC Stack

      Pad

      Vendor Enterprise Number

      Reply TOS Byte

      P2MP Responder Identifier [RFC6425]

      Echo Jitter TLV [RFC6425]

      Vendor Private TLVs

   The message is then encapsulated in a UDP packet.  The source UDP
   port is copied from the Proxy Echo Parameters TLV.  The destination
   port copied from the proxy ping request message.



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   The source IP address is set to a routable address specified in the
   reply-to-address TLV or the source address of the received proxy
   request.  Per usual the TTL of the IP packet is set to 1.

   If the Explicit Differentiated Services Code Point (DSCP) flag is
   set, the Requested DSCP byte is examined.  If the setting is
   permitted then the DSCP byte of the IP header of the MPLS Echo
   Request message is set to that value.  If the Proxy LSR does not
   permit explicit control for the DSCP byte, the MPLS Proxy Echo
   Parameters with the Explicit DSCP flag cleared MUST be included in
   any MPLS proxy ping reply message to indicate why an Echo Request was
   not sent.  The return code MUST be set to <tba>, "Proxy ping
   parameters need to be modified".  If the Explicit DSCP flag is not
   set, the Proxy LSR should set the Echo Request DSCP settings to the
   value normally used to source LSP ping packets..

3.2.4.2.  Per interface sending procedures

   The proxy LSR now iterates through the Next_Hop_List modifying the
   base MPLS echo request to form the MPLS echo request packet which is
   then sent on that particular interface.

   For each next hop address, the outgoing label stack is determined.
   The TTL for the label corresponding to the FEC specified in the FEC
   stack is set such that the TTL on the wire will be othe TTL specified
   in the Proxy Echo Parameters.  If any additional labels are pushed
   onto the stack, their TTLs are set to 255.

   If the MPLS proxy ping request message contained Downstream Mapping/
   Downstream Detailed Mapping TLVs, they are examined.  If the
   Downstream IP Address matches the next hop address that Downstream
   Mapping TLV is included in the MPLS echo request.

   The packet is then transmitted on this interface.

4.  Proxy Ping Request / Reply Messages

   This document defines two new LSP Ping messages, the MPLS proxy ping
   request and the MPLS proxy ping reply.

4.1.  Proxy Ping Request / Reply Message formats

   Except where noted, the definitions of all fields in the messages are
   identical to those found in [RFC4379].  The messages have the
   following format:

          0                   1                   2                   3
          0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1



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         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |         Version Number        |         MUST Be Zero          |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |  Message Type |   Reply mode  |  Return Code  | Return Subcode|
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |                        Sender's Handle                        |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |                        Sequence Number                        |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |                            TLVs ...                           |
         .                                                               .
         .                                                               .
         .                                                               .
         |                                                               |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+


    Version Number

       The Version Number is currently 1.  (Note: the Version Number
       is to be incremented whenever a change is made that affects the
       ability of an implementation to correctly parse or process an
       MPLS echo request/reply.  These changes include any syntactic
       or semantic changes made to any of the fixed fields, or to any
       TLV or sub-TLV assignment or format that is defined at a
       certain version number.  The Version Number may not need to be
       changed if an optional TLV or sub-TLV is added.)


                   Message Type

                      Type     Message
                      ----     -------
                     TBA-1     MPLS proxy ping request
                               (Pending IANA assignment)
                     TBA-2     MPLS proxy ping reply
                               (Pending IANA assignment)


4.2.  Proxy Ping Request Message contents

      The MPLS proxy ping request message MAY contain the following
      TLVs:

             Type    TLV
             ----    -----------
                1    Target FEC Stack
                2    Downstream Mapping



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                3    Pad
                5    Vendor Enterprise Number
               10    Reply TOS Byte

               11    P2MP Responder Identifier [RFC6425]
               12    Echo Jitter TLV [RFC6425]
               20    Downstream Detailed Mapping
            TBA-3    Proxy Echo Parameters (Pending IANA assignment)
            TBA-4    Reply-to-Address TLV
                *    Vendor Private TLVs


           * TLVs types in the Vendor Private TLV Space MUST be
             ignored if not understood



4.3.  Proxy Ping Reply Message Contents

    The MPLS proxy ping reply message MAY contain the following TLVs:

           Type    TLV
           ----    -----------
              1    Target FEC Stack
              2    Downstream Mapping
              5    Vendor Enterprise Number
              9    Errored TLVs
             20    Downstream Detailed Mapping
          TBA-3    Proxy Echo Parameters (Pending IANA assignment)
          TBA-5    Upstream Neighbor Address (Pending IANA assignment)
          TBA-6    Downstream Neighbor Address (0 or more)
                   (Pending IANA assignment)
              *    Vendor Private TLVs


         * TLVs types in the Vendor Private TLV Space MUST be
           ignored if not understood


5.  TLV formats

5.1.  Proxy Echo Parameters TLV

   The Proxy Echo Parameters TLV is a TLV that MUST be included in an
   MPLS Proxy Echo Request message.  The length of the TLV is 12 + K +
   S, where K is the length of the Destination IP Address field and S is
   the total length of the sub-TLVs.  The Proxy Echo Parameters TLV can
   be used to either to 1) control attributes used in Composing and



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   Sending an MPLS echo request or 2) query the Proxy LSR for
   information about the topmost FEC in the target FEC stack but not
   both.  In the case where the Proxy LSR is being queried (ie
   information needs to be returned in a Proxy Reply), no MPLS echo
   request will be sent from the Proxy LSR.  The MPLS Proxy Echo request
   echo header's Reply Mode should be set to "Reply with Proxy Info".

          0                   1                   2                   3
          0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |  Address Type |   Reply mode  |        Proxy Flags            |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |      TTL      |  Rqst'd DSCP  |        Source UDP Port        |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |          Global Flags         |       MPLS Payload size       |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |                                                               |
         :                      Destination IP Address                   :
         |                                                               |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |                                                               |
         :                                                               :
         :                          Sub-TLVs                          :
         :                                                               :
         |                                                               |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

         Address Type

            The type and length of the address found in the in the
            Destination IP Address and Next Hop IP Addresses fields.
            The values are shared with the Downstream Mapping Address
            Type Registry.

            The type codes applicable in this case appear in the table below:

               Address Family   Type     Length

                    IPv4          1         4
                    IPv6          3        16



         Reply mode

            The reply mode to be sent in the MPLS Echo Request message; the
            values are as specified in [RFC4379].




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         Proxy Flags
            The Proxy Request Initiator sets zero, one or more of these
            flags to request actions at the Proxy LSR.

            Request for FEC Neighbor Address info       0x01

               When set this requests that the proxy LSR supply the
               Upstream and Downstream neighbor address information in the
               MPLS proxy ping reply message.  This flag is only applicable
               for the topmost FEC in the FEC stack if the FEC types
               corresponds with a P2MP or MP2MP LSPs.  The Proxy LSR MUST
               respond as applicable with a Upstream Neighbor Address
               TLV and Downstream Neighbor Address TLV(s) in the MPLS
               Proxy ping reply message.  Upstream Neighbor Address TLV
               needs be included only if there is an upstream neighbor.
               Similarly, one Downstream Neighbor Address TLV needs to
               be included for each Downstream Neighbor for which the LSR
               learned bindings from.

               Setting this flag will cause the proxy LSR to cancel sending
               an Echo request. Information learned with such proxy reply
               may be used by the proxy initiator to generate subsequent
               proxy requests.

            Request for Downstream Mapping           0x02

               When set this requests that the proxy LSR supply a
               Downstream Mapping TLV see [RFC4379] in the MPLS
               proxy ping reply message.  It's not valid
               to have Request for Downstream Detailed Mapping flag set
               when this flag is set.

               Setting this flag will cause the proxy LSR to cancel sending
               an Echo request. Information learned with such proxy reply
               may be used by the proxy initiator to generate subsequent
               proxy requests.

            Request for Downstream Detailed Mapping  0x04

               When set this requests that the proxy LSR supply a
               Downstream Detailed Mapping TLV see [RFC6424] in the
               MPLS proxy ping reply message.  It's not valid
               to have Request for Downstream Mapping flag set
               when this flag is set.

               Setting this flag will cause the proxy LSR to cancel sending
               an Echo request. Information learned with such proxy reply
               may be used by the proxy initiator to generate subsequent



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               proxy requests.


            Explicit DSCP Request                    0x08

               When set this requests that the proxy LSR use
               the supplied "Rqst'd DSCP" byte in the echo request message

         TTL

            The TTL to be used in the label stack entry corresponding to
            the topmost FEC in the in the MPLS Echo Request packet.  Valid
            values are in the range [1,255].  A setting of 0 should be
            ignored by the Proxy LSR.

         Requested DSCP

            This field is valid only if the Explicit DSCP flag is set.  If
            not set, the field MUST be zero on transmission and ignored on
            receipt.  When the flag is set this field contains the DSCP
            value to be used in the MPLS echo request packet IP header.

         Source UDP Port

            The source UDP port to be sent in the MPLS Echo Request packet

         Global Flags

            The Global Flags to be sent in the MPLS Echo Request message

         MPLS Payload Size

            Used to request that the MPLS payload (IP header + UDP header
            + MPLS echo request) be padded using a zero filled Pad TLV
            so that the IP header, UDP header nad MPLS echo request total
            the specified size.  Field set to zero means no
            size request is being made.  If the requested size is less
            than the minimum size required to form the MPLS echo request,
            the request will be treated as a best effort request with
            the Proxy LSR building the smallest possible packet (ie
            not using a Pad TLV).   The IP header DF bit should be set
            when this field is non zero.

         Destination IP Address

            If the Address Type is IPv4, an address from the range 127/8;
            If the Address Type is IPv6, an address from the range
            ::FFFF:7F00:0/104



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         Sub-TLVs

            A TLV encoded list of sub-TLVs.  Currently one is defined.

            Sub-Type       Length            Value Field
            --------       ------            -----------
                   1           8+            Next Hop


5.1.1.  Next Hop sub-TLV

   This sub-TLV is used to describe a particular next hop towards which
   the Echo Request packet should be sent.  If the topmost FEC in the
   FEC-stack is a multipoint LSP, this sub-TLV may appear multiple
   times.

          0                   1                   2                   3
          0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |   Addr Type   |                  MUST be Zero                 |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |              Next Hop IP Address (4 or 16 octets)             |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |             Next Hop Interface  (0, 4 or 16 octets)           |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

         Address Type

               Type     Type of Next Hop   Addr Length  IF Length

                 1        IPv4 Numbered           4          4
                 2        IPv4 Unnumbered         4          4
                 3        IPv6 Numbered          16         16
                 4        IPv6 Unnumbered        16          4
                 5        IPv4 Protocol Adj       4          0
                 6        IPv6 Protocol Adj      16          0

         Note:  Types 1-4 correspond to the types in the DS Mapping
                TLV.  They are expected to populated with information
                obtained through a previously returned DS Mapping TLV.
                Types 5 and 6 are intended to be populated from the local
                address information obtained from a previously returned
                Downstream Neighbor Address TLV(s)/Upstream Neighbor Address TLV.

         Next Hop IP Address

            A next hop address that the echo request message is to
            be sent towards



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         Next Hop Interface

            Identifier of the interface through which the echo request
            message is to be sent.   For Addr Type 5, and 6, the Next Hop
            interface field isn't used and must of a associated byte
            length of "0" octets.


5.2.  Reply-to Address TLV

   Used to specify the MPLS echo request IP source address.  This
   address must be IP reachable via the Proxy LSR otherwise it will be
   rejected.

          0                   1                   2                   3
          0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |  Address Type |               MUST be Zero                    |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |                                                               |
         :                       Reply-to Address                        :
         |                                                               |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

         Address Type

            A type code as specified in the table below:

               Type     Type of Address

                 1        IPv4
                 3        IPv6


5.3.  Upstream Neighbor Address TLV

          0                   1                   2                   3
          0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |Upst Addr Type |Local Addr Type|       MUST be Zero            |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |                                                               |
         :                     Upstream Address                          :
         |                                                               |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |                                                               |
         :                         Local Address                         :
         |                                                               |



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         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+


         Upst Addr Type; Local Addr Type

            These two fields determine the type and length of the
            respective addresses.  The codes are specified in the table
            below:

               Type     Type of Address          Length

                 0        No Address Supplied       0
                 1        IPv4                      4
                 3        IPv6                     16

         Upstream Address

            The address of the immediate upstream neighbor for the topmost
            FEC in the FEC stack.  If protocol adjacency exists by which
            the label for this FEC was exchanged, this address MUST be the
            address used in that protocol exchange.

         Local Address

            The local address used in the protocol adjacency exists by
            which the label for this FEC was exchanged.


5.4.  Downstream Neighbor Address TLV

          0                   1                   2                   3
          0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |Dnst Addr Type |Local Addr Type|       MUST be Zero            |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |                                                               |
         :                     Downstream Address                        :
         |                                                               |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
         |                                                               |
         :                         Local Address                         :
         |                                                               |
         +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+


         Dnst Addr Type; Local Addr Type

            These two fields determine the type and length of the



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            respective addresses.  The codes are specified in the table
            below:

               Type     Type of Address          Length

                 0        No Address Supplied       0
                 1        IPv4                      4
                 3        IPv6                     16

         Downstream Address

            The address of a immediate downstream neighbor for the topmost
            FEC in the FEC stack.  If protocol adjacency exists by which
            the label for this FEC was exchanged, this address MUST be the
            address used in that protocol exchange.

         Local Address

            The local address used in the protocol adjacency exists by
            which the label for this FEC was exchanged.


6.  Security Considerations

   The mechanisms described in this document are intended to be used
   within a Service Provider network and to be initiated only under the
   authority of that administration.

   If such a network also carries internet traffic, or permits IP access
   from other administrations, MPLS proxy ping message SHOULD be
   discarded at those points.  This can be accomplished by filtering on
   source address or by filtering all MPLS ping messages on UDP port.

   Any node which acts as a proxy node SHOULD validate requests against
   a set of valid source addresses.  An implementation MUST provide such
   filtering capabilities.

   MPLS proxy ping request messages are IP addressed directly to the
   Proxy node.  If a node which receives an MPLS proxy ping message via
   IP or Label TTL expiration, it MUST NOT be acted upon.

   MPLS proxy ping request messages are IP addressed directly to the
   Proxy node.  If a MPLS Proxy ping request IP destination address is a
   Martian Address, it MUST NOT be acted upon.

   if a MPLS Proxy ping request IP source address is not IP reachable by
   the Proxy LSR, the Proxy request MUST NOT be acted upon.




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   MPLS proxy ping requests are limited to making their request via the
   specification of a FEC.  This ensures that only valid MPLS echo
   request messages can be created.  No label spoofing attacks are
   possible.

7.  Acknowledgements

   The authors would like to thank Nobo Akiya for his detailed review
   and insightful comments.

8.  IANA Considerations

   This document makes the following assignments (pending IANA action)

                 LSP Ping Message Types

                       Type       Value Field
                       ----       -----------
                       TBA-1      MPLS proxy ping request
                       TBA-2      MPLS proxy ping reply


       TLVs and Sub-TLVs

             Type       Sub-Type        Value Field
             ----       --------        -----------
             TBA-3                      Proxy Echo Parameters
                               1        Next Hop
             TBA-4                      Reply-to Address
             TBA-5                      Upstream Neighbor Address
             TBA-6                      Downstream Neighbor Address


     Return Code [pending IANA assignment]

          Value       Meaning
          -----       -------
          TBA-7       Proxy ping not authorized.
          TBA-8       Proxy ping parameters need to be modified.
          TBA-9       MPLS Echo Request Could not be sent.
          TBA-10      Replying router has FEC mapping for topmost FEC.



       Downstream Address Mapping Registry [pending IANA assignment]

            Value       Meaning
            -----       -------



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            TBA-11      IPv4 Protocol Adj
            TBA-12      IPv6 Protocol Adj



9.  References

9.1.  Normative References

   [RFC4379]  Kompella, K. and G. Swallow, "Detecting Multi-Protocol
              Label Switched (MPLS) Data Plane Failures", RFC 4379,
              February 2006.

   [RFC6424]  Bahadur, N., Kompella, K., and G. Swallow, "Mechanism for
              Performing Label Switched Path Ping (LSP Ping) over MPLS
              Tunnels", RFC 6424, November 2011.

   [RFC6425]  Saxena, S., Swallow, G., Ali, Z., Farrel, A., Yasukawa,
              S., and T. Nadeau, "Detecting Data-Plane Failures in
              Point-to-Multipoint MPLS - Extensions to LSP Ping", RFC
              6425, November 2011.

9.2.  Informative References

   [RFC4875]  Aggarwal, R., Papadimitriou, D., and S. Yasukawa,
              "Extensions to Resource Reservation Protocol - Traffic
              Engineering (RSVP-TE) for Point-to-Multipoint TE Label
              Switched Paths (LSPs)", RFC 4875, May 2007.

   [RFC6388]  Wijnands, IJ., Minei, I., Kompella, K., and B. Thomas,
              "Label Distribution Protocol Extensions for Point-to-
              Multipoint and Multipoint-to-Multipoint Label Switched
              Paths", RFC 6388, November 2011.

Authors' Addresses

   George Swallow
   Cisco Systems
   1414 Massachusetts Ave
   Boxborough, MA  01719
   USA

   Email: swallow@cisco.com








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   Vanson Lim
   Cisco Systems
   1414 Massachusetts Avenue
   Boxborough, MA  01719
   USA

   Email: vlim@cisco.com


   Sam Aldrin
   Huawei Technologies
   2330 Central Express Way
   Santa Clara, CA  95951
   USA

   Email: aldrin.ietf@gmail.com



































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