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Network Working Group                                         Tim Martin
Document: draft-martin-managesieve-00.txt       Carnegie Mellon University
Expires July 22, 2000                                    17 January 2000


               A Protocol for Remotely Managing Sieve Scripts

                      <draft-martin-managesieve-00.txt>

Status of this Memo

    This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with
    all provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026.  Internet-Drafts are
    working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its
    areas, and its working groups.  Note that other groups may also
    distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts.

    Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six
    months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents
    at any time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet- Drafts as
    reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

     The list of current Internet-Drafts can be accessed at
     http://www.ietf.org/ietf/1id-abstracts.txt

     The list of Internet-Draft Shadow Directories can be accessed at
     http://www.ietf.org/shadow.html.

    Distribution of this memo is unlimited.


Abstract

    Sieve scripts allow users to filter incoming email. Message stores
    are commonly sealed servers so users cannot log into them , yet
    users must be able to update their scripts on them.  This document
    describes a protocol for securely managing Sieve scripts on a remote
    server.  This protocol allows a user to have multiple scripts, and
    also alerts a user to syntactically flawed scripts.

    This an interim measure as it is hoped that eventually Sieve scripts
    will be stored on ACAP. This document is intended to proceed on the
    experimental track.











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                           TTaabbllee ooff CCoonntteennttss



Status of this Memo  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   1

Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   1

1.     Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
1.1.   Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
1.2.   Conventions Used in the Document  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
1.3.   Syntax  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
1.4.   Active Script . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
1.5.   Quotas  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
1.6.   Script Names  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
1.7.   Capabilities  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5

2.     Commands  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
2.1.   AUTHENTICATE Command  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
2.2.   STARTTLS Command  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
2.3.   LOGOUT Command  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
2.4.   CAPABILITY Command  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
2.5.   HAVESPACE Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
2.6.   PUTSCRIPT Command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
2.7.   LISTSCRIPTS command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  10
2.8.   SETACTIVE command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
2.9.   GETSCRIPT command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
2.10.   DELETESCRIPT command . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12

3.     Formal Syntax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12

4.     Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14

5.     Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14

6.     Copyright . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15

7.     References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15

8.     Author's Address  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  16











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1.  Introduction



1.1.  Changes

    Changes since 00

    -dropped syncronized literals. added HAVESPACE command

    -changed capability response syntax. added CAPABILITY command

    -allowed pipelining

    - "sieve" -> "Sieve". Other minor fixes

    -made script names more flexible

    -added starttls support




1.2.  Conventions Used in the Document

    The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
    "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
    document are to be interpreted as described in [KEYWORDS].

    In examples, "C:" and "S:" indicate lines sent by the client and
    server respectively. Line breaks that do not start a new "C:" or
    "S:" exist for editorial reasons.




1.3.  Syntax

    This a line oriented protocol much like [IMAP] or [ACAP]. There are
    three types: ATOMS, numbers and strings. Strings may be quoted or
    literal. See [ACAP] for detailed descriptions of these types.

    Each command consists of an atom followed by zero or more strings
    and numbers terminated by a newline.

    All client queries are replied to with either an OK or NO response.
    Under extraordinary conditions the server may drop the connection.
    Each OK or NO response may be followed by a string consisting of



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    human readable text in the local language. The contents of the
    string SHOULD be shown to the user and implementations MUST NOT
    attempt to parse the message for meaning.

    IANA registration is pending. Current implementations generally use
    port number 2000.




1.4.  Active Script

    A user may have multiple Sieve scripts on the server, yet only one
    script may be used for filtering of incoming messages. This is the
    active script. Users may have zero or one active scripts and MUST
    use the SETACTIVE command described below for changing the active
    script or disabling Sieve processing. For example, a user may have
    an everyday script they normally use and a special script they use
    when they go on vacation. Users can change which script is being
    used without having to download and upload a script stored somewhere
    else.






1.5.  Quotas

    Servers SHOULD impose quotas to prevent malicious users from
    overflowing available storage. If a command would place a user over
    a quota setting, servers MUST reply with a NO response. Client
    implementations MUST be able to handle commands failing because of
    quota restrictions.



1.6.  Script Names

    Sieve script names may contain any valid UTF8 characters, but names
    must be at least one character long. Servers MUST allow names of up
    to 128 UTF8 octets in length, and may allow longer names.









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1.7.  Capabilities

    Server capabilities are sent by the server upon a client connection.
    Clients may request the capabilites at a later time by issuing the
    CAPABILITY command described later. The capabilities consist of a
    series lines each with one or two strings. The first string is the
    name of the capability. The second optional string is the value
    associated with that capability.

    The following capabilities are defined here:

    IMPLEMENTATION - Name of implementation and version

    SASL - List of SASL mechanisms supported by the server, each
    separated by a space

    SIEVE - List of space separated Sieve extensions supported

    STARTTLS - If TLS[TLS] is supported by this implementation

    A client implementation MUST ignore any other capabilities given
    that it does not understand.

    Example:

    S: "IMPLEMENTATION" "CMU Cyrus Sieved v001"
    S: "SASL" "KERBEROS_V4 GSSAPI"
    S: "SIEVE" "FILEINTO VACATION"
    S: "STARTTLS"
    S: OK



2.  Commands

    The following commands are valid. Prior to successful authentication
    only the AUTHENTICATE, CAPABILITY, STARTTLS, and LOOGOUT commands
    are valid. Servers MUST reject all other commands with a NO
    response. Clients may pipeline commands (send more than one command
    at a time without waiting for completion of the first command ).
    However, a group of commands sent together MUST NOT have a HAVESPACE
    command anywhere but the last command in the list.









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2.1.  AUTHENTICATE Command

    Arguments:
         String - mechanism
         String - initial data (optional)

    The AUTHENTICATE command indicates a SASL [SASL] authentication
    mechanism to the server.  If the server supports the requested
    authentication mechanism, it performs an authentication protocol
    exchange to authenticate and identify the user.  Optionally, it also
    negotiates a security layer for subsequent protocol interactions.
    If the requested authentication mechanism is not supported, the
    server rejects the AUTHENTICATE command by sending a NO response.

    The authentication protocol exchange consists of a series of server
    challenges and client answers that are specific to the
    authentication mechanism.  A server challenge consists of a string
    followed by an endline. The contents of the string is a base-64
    encoding of the SASL data. The client answer consists of a string
    with the base-64 encoding of the SASL data followed by an endline.
    If the mechanism dictates that the final response be sent by the
    server this data MAY be placed within the OK response to save a
    round trip. In this case the OK response MUST have two strings
    following it. If there
     is nothing pertinent for the user to see the second string is the
    empty string.

    The optional initial-response argument to the AUTHENTICATE command
    is used to save a round trip when using authentication mechanisms
    that are defined to send no data in the initial challenge.  When the
    initial-response argument is used with such a mechanism, the initial
    empty challenge is not sent to the client and the server uses the
    data in the initial-response argument as if it were sent in response
    to the empty challenge.  If the initial-response argument to the
    AUTHENTICATE command is used with a mechanism that sends data in the
    initial challenge, the server rejects the AUTHENTICATE command by
    sending a tagged NO response.

    The service name specified by this protocol's profile of SASL is
    "imap" since implementations are generally tied to an IMAP
    installation.

    If a security layer is negotiated through the SASL authentication
    exchange, it takes effect immediately following the CRLF that
    concludes the authentication exchange for the client, and the CRLF
    of the OK response for the server.

    Implementations MUST NOT advertise the ANONYMOUS SASL mechanism



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    [SASL-ANON]. SASL mechanisms which use plaintext passwords
    (including the PLAIN mechanism [PLAIN]) MUST NOT be used unless a
    security layer is active or backwards compatibility dictates other
    wise.

    Server implementations SHOULD support proxying so that an
    administrator can administer a user's scripts. Proxying is when a
    user authenticates as himself but logs in as another user.

    If an AUTHENTICATE command fails with a NO response, the client may
    try another authentication mechanism by issuing another AUTHENTICATE
    command.  In other words, the client may request authentication
    types in decreasing order of preference.



    Example:

    S: "IMPLEMENTATION" "CMU Cyrus Sieved v001"
    S: "SASL" "KERBEROS_V4 GSSAPI"
    S: "SIEVE" "FILEINTO VACATION"
    S: "STARTTLS"
    S: OK
    C: Authenticate "KERBEROS_V4"
    S: "6UM4Ig=="
    C: "BAYBQU5EUkVXLkNNVS5FRFUAOCjDCH77GOzSSOF1Df2Kb0zzPe
    QJIrweAPyo6Q1T9xuYtCGylDqRYlbUFa77esDOtBJdDE5qRXcwHXQE5Dg
    amqj0LqecZtKUCc8g2xpcqxn1fc/CH6QdZLOAGVpHTN1AX2Y="
    S: "cmnEYo1x6wc="
    C: "kjuaMkUeg2okQh+we2uiJw=="
    S: OK




2.2.  STARTTLS Command

    The STARTTLS command requests to commencement of a TLS negotiation.
    The negotiation begins immediately after the CRLF in the OK
    response. After a client issues a STARTTLS command, it MUST NOT
    issue further commands until a server response is seen and the TLS
    negotiation is complete.

     The STARTTLS command is only valid in non-authenticated state. The
    server remains in non-authenticated state, even if client
    credentials are supplied during the TLS negotiation. The SASL [SASL]
    EXTERNAL mechanism MAY be used to authenticate once TLS clie nt
    credentials are successfully exchanged, but servers supporting the



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    STARTTLS command are not required to support the EXTERNAL mechanism.

    After the TLS layer is established, the server MUST re-issue the
    capability results. This is necessary to protect against man-in-the-
    middle attacks which alter the capabilities list prior to STARTTLS.
    The client MUST discard cached capability information and replace it
    with the new information. The server MAY advertise different
    capabilities after STARTTLS.

    Example:

    C: STARTTLS
    S: OK
    <TLS negotiation, further commands are under TLS layer>
    S: "IMPLEMENTATION" "CMU Cyrus Sieved v001"
    S: "SASL" "EXTERNAL PLAIN KERBEROS_V4 GSSAPI"
    S: "SIEVE" "FILEINTO VACATION"
    S: OK



2.3.  LOGOUT Command

    The client sends the LOGOUT command when it is finished with a
    connection and wishes to terminate it. The server MUST reply with an
    OK response and terminate the connection. The server MUST ignore
    commands issued by the client after the LOGOUT command.

    Example:

    C: Logout
    S: OK
    <connection terminated>



2.4.  CAPABILITY Command

    The CAPABILITY command requests the server capabilities as described
    earlier in this document. While the capabilities are sent upon
    connection, they may change during authentication. Client SHOULD
    issue a CAPABILITY command after sucessful authentication.


    Example:

    S: "IMPLEMENTATION" "CMU Cyrus Sieved v001"
    S: "SASL" "PLAIN KERBEROS_V4 GSSAPI"



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    S: "SIEVE" "FILEINTO VACATION"
    S: "STARTTLS"
    S: OK




2.5.  HAVESPACE Command

    Arguments:
         String - name
         Number - size

    The HAVESPACE command is used to query the server for available
    space. Clients specifiy the name wished to save the script as and
    it's size in octets. Servers respond with an NO if storing a script
    with that name and size would fail or OK otherwise. Clien ts should
    issue this command before attempting to place a script on the
    server.

    Example:

    C: HAVESPACE "myscript" 999999
    S: NO "Quota exceeded"

    C: HAVESPACE "foobar" 435
    S: OK




2.6.  PUTSCRIPT Command

    Arguments:
         String - Script name
         String - Script content

    The PUTSCRIPT command is used by the client to submit a Sieve script
    to the server.

    If the script already exists upon success the old script will be
    overwritten. The old script MUST NOT be overwritten if PUTSCRIPT
    fails in any way.

    This command places the script on the server. It does not affect
    whether the script is processed on incoming mail. The SETACRIVE
    command is used to mark a script as active.




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    When submitting large scripts clients SHOULD use the HAVESPACE
    command beforehand to query if the server is willing to accept a
    script of that size.

    The server MUST check the submitted script for syntactic validity.
    If the script fails this test the server MUST reply with a NO
    response. Any script that fails the validity test MUST NOT be stored
    on the server. The message given with a NO response MUST be human
    readable and SHOULD contain a specific error message giving line
    number of the first error. Implementors should strive to produce
    helpful error messages similar to those given by programming
    language compilers. Client implementations should note that this may
    be a multiline literal string with more than one error message
    separated by newlines.

    Example:

    C: Putscript "foo" {31+}
    C: #comment
    C: InvalidSieveCommand
    C:
    S: NO "line 2: Syntax error"

    C: Putscript "mysievescript" {110+}
    C: require ["fileinto"];
    C:
    C: if envelope :contains "to" "tmartin+sent" {
    C:   fileinto "INBOX.sent";
    C: }
    S: OK





2.7.  LISTSCRIPTS command

    This command lists the scripts the user has on the server. Upon
    success a list of linebreak separated script names is returned
    followed by an OK response. If there exists an active script the
    atom ACTIVE is appended to the line of that script.

    Example:

    C: Listscripts
    S: "summer_script"
    S: "vacation_script"
    S: "main_script" ACTIVE



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    S: OK



2.8.  SETACTIVE command

    Arguments:
         String - script name

    This command sets a script active. If the script name is the empty
    string (i.e. "") then any active script is disabled. If the script
    does not exist on the server then the server MUST reply with a NO
    response.

    Examples:

    C: Setactive "vacationscript"
    S: Ok

    C: Setactive ""
    S: Ok

    C: Setactive "baz"
    S: No "There is no script by that name"



2.9.  GETSCRIPT command

    Arguments:
         String - Script name

    This command gets the contents of the specified script. If the
    script does not exist the server MUST reply with a NO response. Upon
    success a string with the contents of the script is returned
    followed by a OK response.

    Example:

    C: Getscript "myscript"
    S: {48+}
    S: #this is my wonderful script
    S: reject "I reject all";
    S:
    S: OK






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2.10.  DELETESCRIPT command

    Parameters:
         sieve-name - Script name

    This command is used to delete a user's Sieve script. Servers MUST
    reply with a NO response if the script does not exist. The server
    MUST NOT allow the client to delete an active script and reply with
    a NO response if attempted. If a client wishes to delete an active
    script it should use the SETACTIVE command to disable the script
    first.

    Example:

    C: Deletescript "foo"
    S: Ok

    C: Deletescript "baz"
    S: No "You may not delete an active script"



3.  Formal Syntax

    The following syntax specification uses the augmented Backus-Naur
    Form (BNF) notation as specified in [ABNF]. This uses the ABNF core
    rules as specified in Appendix A of the ABNF specification [ABNF].

    Except as noted otherwise, all alphabetic characters are case-
    insensitive. The use of upper or lower case characters to define
    token strings is for editorial clarity only. Implementations MUST
    accept these strings in a case-insensitive fashion.

    QUOTED-CHAR           = SAFE-UTF8-CHAR / "

    QUOTED-SPECIALS       = <"> / "

    SAFE-UTF8-CHAR        = SAFE-CHAR / UTF8-2 / UTF8-3 / UTF8-4 /
                            UTF8-5 / UTF8-6

    auth-type             = <"> auth-type-name <">

    auth-type-name        = iana-token
                            ;; as defined in SASL [SASL]

    command               = command-authenticate / command-logout / command-getscript /
                            command-setactive / command-listscripts / command-deletescript /
                            command-putscript / command-capability / command-havespace /



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                            command-starttls

    command-authenticate  = "AUTHENTICATE" SP auth-type [SP string]  *(CRLF string)

    command-capability    = "CAPABILITY" CRLF

    command-deletescript  = "DELETESCRIPT" SP sieve-name CRLF

    command-getscript     = "GETSCRIPT" SP sieve-name CRLF

    command-havespace     = "HAVESPACE" SP sieve-name SP number CRLF

    command-listscripts   = "LISTSCRIPTS" CRLF

    command-logout        = "LOGOUT" CRLF

    command-putscript     = "PUTSCRIPT" SP sieve-name SP string CRLF

    command-setactive     = "SETACTIVE" SP sieve-name CRLF

    command-starttls      = "STARTTLS" CRLF

    literal               = "{" number [ "+" ] "}" CRLF *OCTET
                            ;; The number represents the number of octets
                            ;; MUST be literal-utf8 except for values

    number                = *DIGIT
                            ;; A 32-bit unsigned number.
                            ;; (0 <= n < 4,294,967,296)

    quoted                = <"> *QUOTED-CHAR <">
                            ;; limited to 1024 octets between the <">s

    response              = response-authenticate / response-logout / response-getscript /
                            response-setactive / response-listscripts / response-deletescript /
                            response-putscript / response-capability / response-havespace /
                            response-starttls

    response-authenticate = *(string CRLF / response-okno / response-special-ok)

    response-capability   = *(string [SP string] CRLF) response-okno

    response-deletescript = response-okno

    response-getscript    = [string CRLF] response-okno

    response-havespace    = response-okno




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    response-listscripts  = *(sieve-name [SP "ACTIVE"] CRLF) response-okno

    response-logout       = response-okno

    response-okno         = ("OK" / "NO") [SP string] CRLF

    response-putscript    = response-okno

    response-setactive    = response-okno

    response-special-ok   = "OK" SP string SP string CRLF

    response-starttls     = response-okno

    sieve-name            =  string

    string                = quoted / literal









4.  Security Considerations

    The AUTHENTICATE command uses SASL [SASL] and TLS [TLS] to provide
    basic authentication, authorization, integrity and privacy services.
    When a SASL mechanism is used the security considerations for that
    mechanism apply.

    This protocol transactions are susceptible to passive observers or
    man in the middle attacks which alter the data, unless the optional
    encryption and integrity services of the AUTHENTICATE command are
    enabled, or an external security mechanism is used for protection.
    It may be useful to allow configuration of both clients and servers
    to refuse to transfer sensitive information in the absence of strong
    encryption.


5.  Acknowledgments

    Thanks to Larry Greenfield, Allen Johnson, Chris Newman, Lyndon
    Nerenberg, Tim Showalter, Sarah Robeson, and Walter Wong for help
    with this document.




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6.  Copyright

    Copyright (C) The Internet Society 1999. All Rights Reserved.

    This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
    others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
    or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
    and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
    kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph
    are included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
    document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
    the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
    Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
    developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
    copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
    followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
    English.

    The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
    revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

    This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
    "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
    TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
    BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
    HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
    MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

7.  References

     [KEYWORDS] S. Bradner, "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
         Requirement Levels", RFC 2119, March 1997

         <ftp://ftp.isi.edu/in-notes/rfc2119.txt>


[ABNF] Crocker, Overell, "Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications:
ABNF", RFC 2234, Internet Mail Consortium, Demon Internet Ltd, November
1997.

[ACAP] Newman, Myers, "ACAP -- Application Configuration Access Proto-
col", RFC 2244, Innosoft, Netscape, November 1997.

[PLAIN] Newman, C. "Using TLS with IMAP, POP3 and ACAP", RFC 2595,
Innosoft, June 1999.

[SASL] Myers, J., "Simple Authentication and Security Layer (SASL)", RFC
2222, Netscape Communications, October 1997.



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[SASL-ANON] Newman, C., "Anonymous SASL Mechanism", RFC 2245, November
1997.

[SIEVE] Showalter, T, "Sieve -- a Mail Filtering Language", draft-
showalter-sieve-09.txt, Mirapoint, September 1999.

[TLS] Dierks, T. and C. Allen, "The TLS Protocol Version 1.0", RFC 2246,
January 1999.


8.  Author's Address

    Tim Martin
    Computing Services
    Carnegie Mellon University
    5000 Forbes Ave
    Pittsburgh, Pa 15213

    Phone: (412) 268-4646
    EMail: tmartin@andrew.cmu.edu































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