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Network Working Group                                          A. Newton
Internet-Draft                                                      ARIN
Intended status: Informational                          October 19, 2015
Expires: April 21, 2016


              A Language for Rules Describing JSON Content
                        draft-newton-rdap-jcr-00

Abstract

   This document describes the JSON responses in the Registration Data
   Access Protocol with the formal notation of JSON Content Rules.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on April 21, 2016.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2015 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.






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1.  Introduction

   The JSON [RFC7159] responses of the Registration Data Access Protocol
   [RFC7483] are officially defined with English prose.  Those
   definitions contain imprecise or ambiguous JSON structures and
   require lengthy, tedious examples in the attempt to offer
   clarification.  The English prose can be difficult for non-native
   English readers, and the examples create their own confusion.

   This document describes the JSON found in RDAP with JSON Content
   Rules [I-D.newton-json-content-rules] (JCR).

   JCR overcomes some of the obstacles of describing JSON with English
   prose, reducing the tediousness of the prose and accompanying lengthy
   examples to understandable data structures.  Additionally, JCR has
   mechanisms which can be used by software developers to create test
   harnesses and technology compatibility kits.

   Though this document describes all of the JSON found in [RFC7483], it
   presents the structures in a different order.  The rules defined here
   use the JCR mixin style of specification, where common structures are
   defined in group rules instead of separately, distinct objects.

2.  Response

   [RFC7483] describes ten distinct JSON response: five entity class
   response, an error response, a help response, and three search
   responses.

       entity_response           @(root) { response_mixin,
                                           entity_mixin           }
       nameserver_response       @(root) { response_mixin,
                                           nameserer_mixin        }
       domain_response           @(root) { response_mixin,
                                           domain_mixin           }
       network_response          @(root) { response_mixin,
                                           network_mixin          }
       autnum_response           @(root) { response_mixin,
                                           autnum_mixin           }
       error_response            @(root) { response_mixin,
                                           error_mixin            }
       help_response             @(root) { response_mixin         }
       domainSearch_response     @(root) { response_mixin,
                                           domainSearchResult     }
       nameserverSearch_response @(root) { response_mixin,
                                           nameserverSearchResult }
       entitySearch_response     @(root) { response_mixin,
                                           entitySearchResult     }



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   All of the responses have a common set of object members described by
   response_mixin.

       response_mixin (
          ? rdapConformance,
          ? "notices" notices,
            lang
       )

3.  Object Classes

   The primary data structures in RDAP are called object classes.  These
   are first order object instances with identifiers.  They are JSON
   objects which contain other JSON data types.

3.1.  Entity Object Class

   The Entity object class represents persons or organizations.  It
   incorporates jCard [RFC7095] (vCard in JSON) for contact information.
   The rules supplied here only provide for a basic validation of jCard,
   as the validation of jCard is beyond the scope of this document.






























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       entities "entities" [ * entity_oc ]

       entity_oc {
          entity_mixin
       }

       entity_mixin (
            "objectClassName" : "entity",
            common_mixin,
          ? "vcardArray"      [ :"vcard", [ * vcard ] ]
          ? "asEventActor"    [ * event ]
          ? "roles"           [ * :string ],
          ? publicIds,
          ? entities,
          ? "networks"        [ * network_oc ],
          ? "autnums"         [ * autnum_oc ]
       )

       vcard @(unordered) [
            [ :"version", {}, :"text", :"4.0" ],
            [ :"fn", {}, :"text", :string ],
          * [ :string,
              { */.*/:any },
              :"text",
              ( :string | [ * :string ] )
            ]
       ]

3.2.  Nameserver Object Class

   The nameserver object class represents DNS nameservers in registries.

       nameservers "nameservers" [ * nameserver_oc ]

       nameserver_oc {
          nameserver_mixin
       }

       nameserver_mixin (
            "objectClassName" : "nameserver",
            common_mixin,
            "ldhName"         : fqdn,
          ? "unicodeName"     : idn,
          ? "ipAddresses      { ? "v4" [ * ip4 ], ? "ip6" [ * ip6 ] },
          ? entities
       )





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3.3.  Domain Object Class

   The Domain object class is the most complex of all the object classes
   defined in RDAP.  It represents both forward and reverse DNS
   delegations.  It's complexity is mostly due to the DNSSEC provisions
   of the object class.













































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     domain_oc {
        domain_mixin
     }

     domain_mixin (
          "objectClassName" : "domain",
          common_mixin,
          "ldhName"         : fqdn,
        ? "unicodeName"     : idn,
        ? "variants"        [ * variant ],
        ? nameservers,
        ? secureDns
     )

     variant {
        ? "relation" [ * : string ],
        ? "idnTable" : string,
          "variantNames" [ * { "ldhName" : fqdn, "unicodeName" : idn } ]
     }

     secureDNS "secureDNS" {
        ? "zoneSigned"       : boolean,
        ? "delegationSigned" : boolean,
        ? "maxSigLife"       : integer,
        ? "dsData"           [ * dsData_obj ],
        ? "keyData"          [ * keyData_obj ],
        ? entities,
        ? publicIds,
        ? "network"          network_oc
     }

     dsData_obj {
          "keyTag"     : integer,
          "algorithm"  : integer,
          "digest"     : string,
          "digestType" : integer,
        ? events,
        ? links
     }

     keyData_obj {
          "flags"     : integer,
          "protocol"  : integer,
          "publicKey" : string,
          "algorithm" : integer,
        ? events,
        ? links
     }



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3.4.  IP Network Object Class

   The IP Network object class represents IP network registrations in
   RIRs.

       network_oc {
          network_mixin
       }

       network_mixin (
            "objectClassName" : "ip network",
            common_mixin,
          ? "startAddress"    : ( :ip4 | :ip6 ),
          ? "endAddres"       : ( :ip4 | :ip6 ),
          ? "ipVersion"       : ( :"v4" | :"v6" ),
          ? "name"            : string,
          ? "type"            : string,
          ? "country"         : /[A-Z]{2}/,
          ? "parentHandle"    : string,
          ? entities
       )

3.5.  Autnum Object Class

   The Autnum object class represents an autonomous system number or
   blocks of autonomous system numbers in an RIR.

       autnum_oc {
          autnum_mixin
       }

       autnum_mixin (
            "objectClassName" : "autnum",
            common_mixin,
          ? "startAutnum"     : integer,
          ? "endAutnum"       : integer,
          ? "name"            : string,
          ? "type"            : string,
          ? "entities
       )

4.  Search Results

   Search results in RDAP are merely arrays of object classes.

     domainSearchResult     "domainSearchResult"     [ * domain_oc ]
     nameserverSearchResult "nameserverSearchResult" [ * nameserver_oc ]
     entitySearchResult     "entitySearchResult"     [ * entity_oc ]



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5.  Common Structures

   Section 4 of [RFC7483] describes eight common structures used
   throughout the JSON in RDAP.

   Most of these common structures are grouped together in a rule called
   common_mixin.

       common_mixin (
          ? "handle"  : string
          ? "remarks" [ * notice ],
            links,
          ? events,
          ? status,
          ? port43,
            lang
       }

5.1.  RDAP Conformance

   The rdapConformance array is the versioning and capabilities
   negotiation mechanism of RDAP.

       rdapConformance "rdapConformance" [ * :string ]

5.2.  Links

   Structures in RDAP may link to information in other data systems
   using links.  Additionally, RDAP uses "self" links to identify
   instances of RDAP object classes.  The data found in each link is
   described by [RFC5988].

   RDAP links are an array of distinct objects, each representing a
   separate link.

       links ( ? "links" [ * link ] )

       ; see RFC 5988
       link {
          ? "value"    : uri,
          ? "rel"      : string,
            "href"     : uri,
          ? "hreflang" [ * lang_value ],
          ? "title"    : string,
          ? "media"    : string,
          ? "type"     : /[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9]*\/[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9]*/
       }




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5.3.  Notices And Remarks

   In RDAP, notices and remarks share the same structure.  The
   difference is that notices are meta-data regarding the entirety of a
   response whereas remarks are meta-data covering a specific instance
   of an object class.

       notices [ * notice ]

       notice {
           ? "title"       : string,
             "description" [ * :string ],
           ? "type"        : string,
             links,
             lang
       }

5.4.  Language Identifier

   The "lang" member occurs many RDAP data structures.  And the same
   construct is used in the links structures.

       lang_value : /[a-z]{2}(\-[A-Z][a-zA-Z]*(\-[A-Z]{2})?)?/
       lang ( ? "lang" lang_value )

5.5.  Events

   RDAP events note when a specific action has occured on an object
   instance, and by whom.  The same structure appears in all object
   classes, as well as being re-used by entities embedded by other
   objects.

       events "events" [ * event ]

       event {
            "eventAction" : string,
          ? "eventActor"  : string,
            "eventDate"   : date-time,
            links,
            lang
       }

5.6.  Status

   The status of RDAP object instances is indicated by an array of
   strings, where the value of the strings are registered in an IANA
   registry.




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       status "status" [ *: string ]

5.7.  Port 43

   RDAP object classes reference their corresponding Whois
   representation using the "port43" object member.  This is simply a
   string holding the hostname of the Whois service.

       port43 "port43" : string

5.8.  Public IDs

   Some RDAP services are required to identify entities and domains by
   public identifiers, such as ICANN Registrar IDs.  The publicIds
   object member is an array of objects to represent these identifiers.

       publicIds "publicIds" [ * publicId ]

       publicId {
         "type"      : string,
         "identifier": string
       }

6.  Complete JCR for RDAP

   The following is the complete ruleset of JSON Content Rules for RDAP.

   ;
   ; Response
   ;

   entity_response           @(root) { response_mixin, entity_mixin }
   nameserver_response       @(root) { response_mixin, nameserer_mixin }
   domain_response           @(root) { response_mixin, domain_mixin }
   network_response          @(root) { response_mixin, network_mixin }
   autnum_response           @(root) { response_mixin, autnum_mixin }
   error_response            @(root) { response_mixin, error_mixin }
   help_response             @(root) { response_mixin }
   domainSearch_response     @(root) { response_mixin,
                                       domainSearchResult }
   nameserverSearch_response @(root) { response_mixin,
                                       nameserverSearchResult }
   entitySearch_response     @(root) { response_mixin,
                                       entitySearchResult }

   response_mixin (
      ? rdapConformance,
      ? "notices" notices,



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        lang
   )

   ;
   ; RFC 7483 Section 4.1 - RDAP Conformance
   ;

   rdapConformance "rdapConformance" [ * :string ]

   ;
   ; RFC 7483 Section 4.2 - Links
   ;

   links ( ? "links" [ * link ] )

   ; see RFC 5988
   link {
      ? "value"    : uri,
      ? "rel"      : string,
        "href"     : uri,
      ? "hreflang" [ * lang_value ],
      ? "title"    : string,
      ? "media"    : string,
      ? "type"     : /[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9]*\/[a-zA-Z][a-zA-Z0-9]*/
   }

   ;
   ; RFC 7483 Section 4.3 - Notices
   ;

   notices [ * notice ]

   notice {
       ? "title"       : string,
         "description" [ * :string ],
       ? "type"        : string,
         links,
         lang
   }

   ;
   ; RFC 7483 Section 4.4 - Language Identifier
   ;

   lang_value : /[a-z]{2}(\-[A-Z][a-zA-Z]*(\-[A-Z]{2})?)?/
   lang ( ? "lang" lang_value )

   ;



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   ; RFC 7483 Section 4.5 - Events
   ;

   events "events" [ * event ]

   event {
        "eventAction" : string,
      ? "eventActor"  : string,
        "eventDate"   : date-time,
        links,
        lang
   }

   ;
   ; RFC 7483 Section 4.6 - Status
   ;

   status "status" [ *: string ]

   ;
   ; RFC 7483 Section 4.7 - Port43
   ;

   port43 "port43" : string

   ;
   ; RFC 7482 Section 4.8 - Public Ids
   ;

   publicIds "publicIds" [ * publicId ]

   publicId {
     "type"      : string,
     "identifier": string
   }

   ;
   ; Common Object Class Structures
   ;

   common_mixin (
      ? "handle"  : string
      ? "remarks" [ * notice ],
        links,
      ? events,
      ? status,
      ? port43,
        lang



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   }

   ;
   ; RFC 7483 Section 5.1 - Entity Object Class
   ;

   entities "entities" [ * entity_oc ]

   entity_oc {
      entity_mixin
   }

   entity_mixin (
        "objectClassName" : "entity",
        common_mixin,
      ? "vcardArray"      [ :"vcard", [ * vcard ] ]
      ? "asEventActor"    [ * event ]
      ? "roles"           [ * :string ],
      ? publicIds,
      ? entities,
      ? "networks"        [ * network_oc ],
      ? "autnums"         [ * autnum_oc ]
   )

   ; See RFC 7095
   vcard @(unordered) [
        [ :"version", {}, :"text", :"4.0" ],
        [ :"fn", {}, :"text", :string ],
      * [ :string,
          { */.*/:any },
          :"text",
          ( :string | [ * :string ] )
        ]
   ]

   ;
   ; RFC 7483 Section 5.2 - Nameserver Object Class
   ;

   nameservers "nameservers" [ * nameserver_oc ]

   nameserver_oc {
      nameserver_mixin
   }

   nameserver_mixin (
        "objectClassName" : "nameserver",
        common_mixin,



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        "ldhName"         : fqdn,
      ? "unicodeName"     : idn,
      ? "ipAddresses      { ? "v4" [ * ip4 ], ? "ip6" [ * ip6 ] },
      ? entities
   )

   ;
   ; RFC 7483 Section 5.3 - Domain Object Class
   ;

   domain_oc {
      domain_mixin
   }

   domain_mixin (
        "objectClassName" : "domain",
        common_mixin,
        "ldhName"         : fqdn,
      ? "unicodeName"     : idn,
      ? "variants"        [ * variant ],
      ? nameservers,
      ? secureDns
   )

   variant {
      ? "relation" [ * : string ],
      ? "idnTable" : string,
        "variantNames" [ * { "ldhName" : fqdn, "unicodeName" : idn } ]
   }

   secureDNS "secureDNS" {
      ? "zoneSigned"       : boolean,
      ? "delegationSigned" : boolean,
      ? "maxSigLife"       : integer,
      ? "dsData"           [ * dsData_obj ],
      ? "keyData"          [ * keyData_obj ],
      ? entities,
      ? publicIds,
      ? "network"          network_oc
   }

   dsData_obj {
        "keyTag"     : integer,
        "algorithm"  : integer,
        "digest"     : string,
        "digestType" : integer,
      ? events,
      ? links



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   }

   keyData_obj {
        "flags"     : integer,
        "protocol"  : integer,
        "publicKey" : string,
        "algorithm" : integer,
      ? events,
      ? links
   }

   ;
   ; RFC 7483 Section 5.4 - IP Network Object Class
   ;

   network_oc {
      network_mixin
   }

   network_mixin (
        "objectClassName" : "ip network",
        common_mixin,
      ? "startAddress"    : ( :ip4 | :ip6 ),
      ? "endAddres"       : ( :ip4 | :ip6 ),
      ? "ipVersion"       : ( :"v4" | :"v6" ),
      ? "name"            : string,
      ? "type"            : string,
      ? "country"         : /[A-Z]{2}/,
      ? "parentHandle"    : string,
      ? entities
   )

   ;
   ; RFC 7483 Section 5.5 - Autnum Object Class
   ;

   autnum_oc {
      autnum_mixin
   }

   autnum_mixin (
        "objectClassName" : "autnum",
        common_mixin,
      ? "startAutnum"     : integer,
      ? "endAutnum"       : integer,
      ? "name"            : string,
      ? "type"            : string,
      ? "entities



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   )

   ;
   ; RFC 7483 Section 6 - Error
   ;

   error_mixin (
        "errorCode"   : integer,
      ? "title"       : string,
      ? "description" [ * : string ]
   )

   ;
   ; RFC 7483 Section 8 - Search Results
   ;

   domainSearchResult     "domainSearchResult"     [ * domain_oc ]
   nameserverSearchResult "nameserverSearchResult" [ * nameserver_oc ]
   entitySearchResult     "entitySearchResult"     [ * entity_oc ]


                   Complete JSON Content Rules for RDAP

7.  Normative References

   [RFC5988]  Nottingham, M., "Web Linking", RFC 5988,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5988, October 2010,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5988>.

   [RFC7095]  Kewisch, P., "jCard: The JSON Format for vCard", RFC 7095,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7095, January 2014,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7095>.

   [RFC7159]  Bray, T., Ed., "The JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) Data
              Interchange Format", RFC 7159, DOI 10.17487/RFC7159, March
              2014, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7159>.

   [RFC7483]  Newton, A. and S. Hollenbeck, "JSON Responses for the
              Registration Data Access Protocol (RDAP)", RFC 7483,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7483, March 2015,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7483>.

   [I-D.newton-json-content-rules]
              Newton, A., "A Language for Rules Describing JSON
              Content", draft-newton-json-content-rules-04 (work in
              progress), December 2014.





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Author's Address

   Andrew Lee Newton
   American Registry for Internet Numbers
   3635 Concorde Parkway
   Chantilly, VA  20151
   US

   Email: andy@arin.net
   URI:   http://www.arin.net









































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