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Versions: 00 draft-ietf-weirds-json-response

Network Working Group                                          A. Newton
Internet-Draft                                                      ARIN
Intended status: Standards Track                           S. Hollenbeck
Expires: March 4, 2013                                     Verisign Labs
                                                              K. Ranjbar
                                                                RIPE NCC
                                                               A. Servin
                                                                  LACNIC
                                                             B. Ellacott
                                                                   APNIC
                                                         August 31, 2012


        JSON Responses to RESTful URL Queries for RIRs and DNRs
              draft-newton-weirds-unified-json-response-00

Abstract

   This document describes responses in the JSON format to the RESTful
   queries described in draft-hollenbeck-weirds-unified-query.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on March 4, 2013.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2012 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect



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   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.


Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  Common Data Types  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   3.  The Entity Object Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
     3.1.  The RIR Entity Object Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
     3.2.  The DNR Entity Object Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  7
   4.  The Nameserver Object Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
   5.  The Domain Object Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     5.1.  The RIR Domain Object Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
     5.2.  The DNR Domain Object Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
   6.  The IP Network Object Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
   7.  Autonomous System Number Entity Object Type  . . . . . . . . . 22
   8.  Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
   Appendix A.  Suggested Values  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
     A.1.  Status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
     A.2.  Roles  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
     A.3.  URI Types  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
   Appendix B.  Suggested Data Modeling with the Entity Object
                Type  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
     B.1.  Registrants and Contacts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
     B.2.  Registrars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
   Appendix C.  IDN Query and Response Model  . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
   Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32





















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1.  Introduction

   This document describes responses in the JSON [RFC4627] format for
   the RESTful web queries as defined by UNIFIED-RDAP-QUERY
   [I-D.hollenbeck-weirds-unified-query].  The signalling for JSON, JSON
   naming scheme, JSON namespace and extension mechanism and normalized
   references to other specifications are documented in RDAP-HTTP
   [I-D.designteam-weirds-using-http].

   The data model for the responses consists of two major categories:
   responses returned by Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) for
   registrations data related to IP addresses, reverse DNS names, and
   Autonomous System numbers; and responses returned by Domain Name
   Registries (DNRs) for registration data related to forward DNS names.
   Where overlap exists between RIR and DNR reponse object types, the
   RIR object types are a proper subset of the DNR object types.

   The components of the DNR object types are derived from a
   categorization of WHOIS response formats created by Ning Kong, Linlin
   Zhou, and Guangqing Deng of CNNIC, Steve Sheng and Francisco Arias of
   ICANN, Ray Bellis of Nominet, and Frederico Neves of NIC.BR.






























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2.  Common Data Types

   JSON [RFC4627] defines the data types of a number, character string,
   boolean, array, object and null.  This section describes the
   semantics and/or syntax reference for data types used in this
   document derived from the JSON character string.

   'handle':   DNRs and RIRs have registry-unique identifiers that may
      be used to specifically reference an instance of an object type.
      The semantics of this data type as found in this document is to be
      a registry-unique reference to the closest enclosing object where
      the value is found.  The data type names 'registryId', 'roid',
      'nic-handle', 'registrationNo', etc... are terms often synomous
      with this data type.  In this document, the term 'handle' is used.
      The term exposed to users by clients is a presentation issue
      beyond the scope of this document.

   IPv4 addresses:   The representation of IPv4 addresses in this
      document uses the dotted-decimal notation described in [RFC1166].
      An example of this textual representation is '192.0.2.0'.

   IPv6 addresses:   The representation of IPv6 addresses in this
      document follow the forms outlined in [RFC5952].  An example of
      this textual representation is '2001:db8::1:0:0:1'.

   country codes:   Where the identity of a geopolitical nation or
      country is needed, these identities are represented with the
      alpha-2 or 2 charachter country code designation as defined in
      [ISO.3166.1988].  The alpha-2 representation is used because it is
      freely available whereas the alpha-3 and numeric-3 standards are
      not.

   domain names:   Textual representations of DNS names follow the rules
      set forth in [RFC4343], specifically the case insensitivity and
      character escaping rules.

   email addresses:   Textual representations of email addresses follow
      the syntax defined in [RFC5322].

   dates and times:   The syntax for values denoting dates and times is
      defined in [RFC3339].

   URIs:   The syntax for values denoting a Uniform Resource Identifier
      (URI) is defined by [RFC3986].







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3.  The Entity Object Type

   The Entity object type appears throughout this document and is an
   appropriate response for the /entity/XXXX query defined in UNIFIED-
   RDAP-QUERY [I-D.hollenbeck-weirds-unified-query].  The object type
   represents the information of organizations, corporations,
   governments, non-profits, clubs, individual persons, and informal
   groups of people.  All of these representations are so similar that
   it is best to represent them in JSON [RFC4627] with one construct,
   the Entity object type, to aid in the re-use of code by implementers.

   Many of the members of the Entity object type are repeated in other
   object types described later in this document.






































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3.1.  The RIR Entity Object Type

   The following is an example of an RIR entity:


       {
         "handle" : "XXXX",
         "names": [ "Joe Bob, Inc.", "Bobby Joe Shopping" ],
         "roles" : [ "registrant" ],
         "postalAddress" : [
           "123 Maple Ave",
           "Suite 90001",
           "Vancouver",
           "BC",
           "12393"
         ],
         "emails" : [ "joe@bob.com", "bob@joe.com" ],
         "phones" : {
           "office" : [ "999-999-999-99", "111-111-111-11" ],
           "fax" :    [ "222-222-222-22" ],
           "mobile" : [ "333-333-333-33" ]
         },
         "remarks" : [
           "she sells seas shells",
           "down by the seashore"
         ],
         "uris" : [
         {
           "type" : "source",
           "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/contact/xxxx"
         },
         {
           "type" : "held",
           "uri" : "http://example.net/location/xxxx"
         }
         ],
         "registrationDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "lastChangedDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "lastChangedBy" : "joe@bob.com"
       }


   This object as the following members.

   o  handle -- a string representing an registry unique identifier of
      the entity





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   o  names -- an array of strings, each signifying the name of the
      entity

   o  roles -- an array of strings, each signifying the relationship an
      object would have with its closest containing object.

   o  postalAddress -- an array of string, each representing a line in a
      postal address.

   o  emails -- an array of strings, each containing an email address
      for the entity

   o  phones -- an object containg telephone information associated with
      the entity, with the following members:

      *  office -- an array of strings, each being a telephone number

      *  fax -- an array of strings, each being a telephone number

      *  mobile -- an array of strings, each being a telephone number

   o  remarks -- an array of strings, each containing comments about the
      entity

   o  uris -- an array of objects, each object having the following
      members:

      *  type -- a string denoting the application type of the "uri"
         value

      *  uri -- a string containing a URI [RFC3986]

   o  registrationDate -- a string containing the date the entity was
      registered

   o  lastChangedDate -- a string containing the date of last change
      made to the entity

   o  lastChangedBy -- a string containing an identifier of the party
      responsible for the last change made to the entity registration

3.2.  The DNR Entity Object Type

   The DNR Entity object type is a superset of the RIR Entity object
   type (Section 3.1).  It has the following additional members:

   o  registrationBy -- a string containing an identifier of the party
      responsible for the registration of the entity



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   o  sponsoredBy -- a string containing an identifier of the party
      through which the registration was made, such as an IANA approved
      registrar

   o  resoldBy -- a string containing an identifier of the party
      originating the registration of the entity.

   o  status -- an array of strings indicating the state of the entity











































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   The following is an example of a DNR entity:


       {
         "handle" : "XXXX",
         "names": [ "Joe Bob, Inc.", "Bobby Joe Shopping" ],
         "status" : [ "validated", "locked" ],
         "postalAddress" : [
           "123 Maple Ave",
           "Suite 90001",
           "Vancouver",
           "BC",
           "12393"
         ],
         "emails" : [ "joe@bob.com", "bob@joe.com" ],
         "phones" : {
           "office" : [ "999-999-999-99", "111-111-111-11" ],
           "fax" :    [ "222-222-222-22" ],
           "mobile" : [ "333-333-333-33" ]
         },
         "remarks" : [
           "she sells seas shells",
           "down by the seashore"
           ],
         "uris" : [
           {
             "type" : "source",
             "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/entity/xxxx"
           },
           {
             "type" : "held",
             "uri" : "http://example.net/location/xxxx"
           }
         ],
         "registrationDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "registrationBy" : "ABC123",
         "lastChangedDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "lastChangedBy" : "ABC123",
         "sponsoredBy" : "SponsorXYZ",
         "resoldBy" : "ResellerPDQ"
       }










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4.  The Nameserver Object Type

   The nameserver object type is used by both RIRs and DNRs.  Unlike
   other object types used by both registries where the RIR object type
   is a subset of the DNR object type, a clear delineation is not made
   with the nameserver object type because some DNRs have the same or a
   similar registration model as the RIRs.  RIRs and some DNRs register
   or expose nameserver information as an attribute of a domain name,
   while other DNRs model nameservers as first class objects.

   The nameserver object type accomodates both models and degrees of
   variation in between.

   The following is an example of a nameserver object type.


     {
       "handle" : "XXXX",
       "name" : "ns1.example.com",
       "status" : "active",
       "ipAddresses" : [ "192.0.2.0", "192.0.2.1" ],
       "remarks" : [
         "she sells seas shells",
         "down by the seashore"
       ],
       "uris" : [
         {
           "type" : "source",
           "uri" : "http://example.net/nameserver/xxxx"
         }
       ],
       "registrationDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
       "registrationBy" : "ABC123",
       "lastChangedDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
       "lastChangedBy" : "ABC123",
       "sponsoredBy" : "SponsorXYZ",
       "resoldBy" : "ResellerPDQ"
     }


                                 Figure 1

   Figure 1 is an example of a nameserver object with all values given.
   Registries using a first-class nameserver data model would embed this
   in domain objects as well as allowing references to it with the
   /nameserver query type (all depending on the registry operators
   policy).  Other registries may pair back the information as needed.
   Figure 2 is an example of a nameserver object as would be found in



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   RIRs and some DNRs, while Figure 3 is an example of a nameserver
   object as would be found in other DNRs.

   The following is an example of the simplest nameserver object type.


     {
       "name" : "ns1.example.com"
     }


                                 Figure 2

   The following is an example of a simple nameserver object type that
   might be commonly used by DNRs.


     {
       "name" : "ns1.example.com",
       "ipAddresses" : [ "192.0.2.0", "192.0.2.1" ]
     }


                                 Figure 3

   The nameserver object type has the following members:

   o  handle -- a string representing an registry unique identifier of
      the nameserver

   o  name -- a string containing the DNS name of the nameserver

   o  ipAddresses -- an array of strings containing IPv4 and/or IPv6
      addresses of the nameserver

   The members "status", "remarks", "uris", "sponsoredBy", "resoldBy",
   "registrationBy", "registrationDate", "lastChangedDate", and
   "lastChangedBy" take the same form of the members of the same name of
   the entity object (Section 3).












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5.  The Domain Object Type

   The domain object type represents a DNS name and point of delegation.
   For RIRs these delegation points are in the reverse DNS tree, whereas
   for DNRs these delegation points are in the forward DNS tree.  The
   RIR domain object type is a subset of the DNR object type.

   In both cases, the high level structure of the domain object type
   consists of information about the domain registration, nameserver
   information related to the domain name, and entities related to the
   domain name (e.g. registrant information, contacts, etc...).

   The following is an elided example of the domain object type showing
   the high level structure.


   {
     "handle" : "XXX",
     "name" : "blah.example.com",
     ...
     "nameServers" : [
       ...
     ],
     ...
     "entities" : [
       ...
     ]
   }


5.1.  The RIR Domain Object Type

   The following is an example of a JSON object representing a reverse
   DNS delegation point or the RIR domain object type.


   {
     "handle" : "XXXX",
     "name" : "192.in-addr.arpa",
     "nameServers" : [
       { "name" : "ns1.rir.net" },
       { "name" : "ns2.rir.net" }
     ],
     "delegationKeys" : [
       {
         "algorithm": 7,
         "digest" : "E68C017BD813B9AE2F4DD28E61AD014F859ED44C",
         "digestType" : 1,



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         "keyTag" : 53814
       }
     ],
     "remarks" : [
       "she sells seas shells",
       "down by the seashore"
     ],
     "uris" : [
       {
         "type" : "source",
         "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/network/xxxx"
       },
       {
         "type" : "parent",
         "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/network/yyyy"
       },
       {
         "type" : "held",
         "uri" : "http://example.net/location/xxxx"
       }
     ],
     "registrationDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
     "lastChangedDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
     "lastChangedBy" : "joe@bob.com",
     "entities" : [
       {
         "handle" : "XXXX",
         "names": [ "Joe Bob, Inc.", "Bobby Joe Shopping" ],
         "roles" : [ "registrant" ],
         "postalAddress" : [
           "123 Maple Ave",
           "Suite 90001",
           "Vancouver",
           "BC",
           "12393"
           ],
         "emails" : [ "joe@bob.com", "bob@joe.com" ],
         "phones" : {
           "office" : [ "999-999-999-99", "111-111-111-11" ],
           "fax" :    [ "222-222-222-22" ],
           "mobile" : [ "333-333-333-33" ]
         },
         "remarks" : [
           "she sells seas shells",
           "down by the seashore"
         ],
         "uris" : [
           {



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             "type" : "source",
             "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/entity/xxxx"
           },
           {
             "type" : "held",
             "uri" : "http://example.net/location/xxxx"
           }
         ],
         "registrationDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "lastChangedDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "lastChangedBy" : "joe@bob.com"
       }
     ]
   }


   The following is a description of the members of this object:

   o  handle -- a string representing a registry unique identifier of
      the domain object instance

   o  name -- a string denoting the DNS zone name, which is a domain
      name

   o  nameservers -- an array of strings, each being a fully qualified
      DNS name of a namesever

   o  delegationKeys -- an array of objects, each with the following
      members:

      *  algorithm -- an integer as specified by the algorithm field of
         a DNS DS record as specified by RFC 4034 [RFC4034] in
         presentation format

      *  digest -- an string as specified by the digest field of a DNS
         DS record as specified by RFC 4034 in presentation format

      *  digestType -- an integer as specified by the digest type field
         of a DNS DS record as specified by RFC 4034 in presetnation
         format

      *  keyTag -- an integer as specified by the key tag field of a DNS
         DS record as specified by RFC 4034 in presentation format

   o  entities -- an array of entity objects as defined by Section 3.1.

   The members "remarks", "uris", "registrationDate", "lastChangedDate",
   and "lastChangedBy" take the same form of the members of the same



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   name of the entity object (Section 3).

5.2.  The DNR Domain Object Type

   The DNR domain object type is a superset of the RIR domain object
   type (Section 5.1) and has the following additional members.

   o  nameServers -- (see note below)

   o  variants -- an array of strings, each containing a domain name
      that is a variant of this domain name object instance.

   o  expirationDate -- a string containing the date and time this
      domain name registration will expire

   o  registrationBy -- a string containing an identifier of the party
      responsible for the registration of the domain name

   o  sponsoredBy -- a string containing an identifier of the party
      through which the registration was made, such as an IANA approved
      registrar

   o  resoldBy -- a string containing an identifier of the party
      originating the registration of the domain name

   o  status -- an array of strings indicating the state of the domain
      name

   o  transferDate -- a string containing the date and time this domain
      name was transferred

   The following is an example of a JSON object representing a forward
   DNS delegation point or the DNR domain object type.


   {
     "handle" : "XXXX",
     "name" : "blah.example.com",
     "variants" : [ "blah2.example.com", "blah3.example.com" ],
     "status" : [ "locked", "transferProhibited" ],
     "nameServers" : [
       {
         "handle" : "XXXX",
         "name" : "ns1.example.com",
         "status" : "active",
         "ipAddresses" : [ "192.0.2.0", "192.0.2.1" ],
         "remarks" : [
           "she sells seas shells",



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           "down by the seashore"
         ],
         "uris" : [
           {
             "type" : "source",
             "uri" : "http://example.net/nameserver/xxxx"
           }
         ],
         "registrationDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "registrationBy" : "ABC123",
         "lastChangedDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "lastChangedBy" : "ABC123",
         "sponsoredBy" : "SponsorXYZ",
         "resoldBy" : "ResellerPDQ"
       },
       {
         "handle" : "XXXX",
         "name" : "ns2.example.com",
         "status" : "active",
         "ipAddresses" : [ "192.0.2.2", "192.0.2.3" ],
         "remarks" : [
           "she sells seas shells",
           "down by the seashore"
         ],
         "uris" : [
           {
             "type" : "source",
             "uri" : "http://example.net/nameserver/xxxx"
           }
         ],
         "registrationDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "registrationBy" : "ABC123",
         "lastChangedDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "lastChangedBy" : "ABC123",
         "sponsoredBy" : "SponsorXYZ",
         "resoldBy" : "ResellerPDQ"
       }
     ]
     "delegationKeys" : [
       {
         "algorithm": 7,
         "digest" : "E68C017BD813B9AE2F4DD28E61AD014F859ED44C",
         "digestType" : 1,
         "keyTag" : 53814
       }
     ],
     "remarks" : [
       "she sells seas shells",



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       "down by the seashore"
     ],
     "uris" : [
       {
         "type" : "source",
         "uri" : "http://example.net/domain/xxxx"
       },
       {
         "type" : "held",
         "uri" : "http://example.net/location/xxxx"
       }
     ],
     "registrationDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
     "registrationBy" : "ABC123",
     "lastChangedDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
     "lastChangedBy" : "ABC123",
     "sponsoredBy" : "SponsorXYZ",
     "resoldBy" : "ResellerPDQ",
     "expirationDate" : "2016-12-31T23:59:60Z",
     "transferDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
     "entities" : [
       {
         "handle" : "XXXX",
         "names": [ "Joe Bob, Inc.", "Bobby Joe Shopping" ],
         "status" : [ "validated", "locked" ],
         "postalAddress" : [
           "123 Maple Ave",
           "Suite 90001",
           "Vancouver",
           "BC",
           "12393"
         ],
         "emails" : [ "joe@bob.com", "bob@joe.com" ],
         "phones" : {
           "office" : [ "999-999-999-99", "111-111-111-11" ],
           "fax" :    [ "222-222-222-22" ],
           "mobile" : [ "333-333-333-33" ]
         },
         "remarks" : [
           "she sells seas shells",
           "down by the seashore"
         ],
         "uris" : [
           {
             "type" : "source",
             "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/entity/xxxx"
           },
           {



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             "type" : "held",
             "uri" : "http://example.net/location/xxxx"
           }
         ],
         "registrationDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "registrationBy" : "ABC123",
         "lastChangedDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "lastChangedBy" : "ABC123",
         "sponsoredBy" : "SponsorXYZ",
         "resoldBy" : "ResellerPDQ"
       }
     ]
   }






































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6.  The IP Network Object Type

   The IP Network object type models IP network registrations found in
   RIRs.  There is no equivalent object type for DNRs.  The high level
   structure of the IP network object type consists of information about
   the network registration and entities related to the IP network (e.g.
   registrant information, contacts, etc...).

   The following is an elided example of the IP network object type
   showing the high level structure.


   {
     "handle" : "XXX",
     ...
     "entities" : [
       ...
     ]
   }


   The following is an example of the JSON object for the network
   registration information


   {
     "handle" : "XXXX-RIR",
     "startAddress" : "10.0.0.0",
     "endAddress" : "10.0.0.255",
     "ipVersion" : 4,
     "name": "NET-RTR-1",
     "description" : [ "A network used for routing" ],
     "type" : "DIRECT ALLOCATION",
     "country" : "AU",
     "parentHandle" : "YYYY-RIR",
     "remarks" : [
       "she sells seas shells",
       "down by the seashore"
     ],
     "uris" : [
       {
         "type" : "source",
         "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/network/xxxx"
       },
       {
         "type" : "parent",
         "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/network/yyyy"
       },



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     ],
     "registrationDate" : "20110509",
     "lastChangedDate" : "20110509",
     "lastChangedBy" : "joe@bob.com",
     "entities" : [
       {
         "handle" : "XXXX",
         "names": [ "Joe Bob, Inc.", "Bobby Joe Shopping" ],
         "roles" : [ "registrant" ],
         "postalAddress" : [
           "123 Maple Ave",
           "Suite 90001",
           "Vancouver",
           "BC",
           "12393"
         ],
         "emails" : [ "joe@bob.com", "bob@joe.com" ],
         "phones" : {
           "office" : [ "999-999-999-99", "111-111-111-11" ],
           "fax" :    [ "222-222-222-22" ],
           "mobile" : [ "333-333-333-33" ]
         },
         "remarks" : [
           "she sells seas shells",
           "down by the seashore"
         ],
         "uris" : [
         {
           "type" : "source",
           "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/contact/xxxx"
         },
         {
           "type" : "held",
           "uri" : "http://example.net/location/xxxx"
         }
         ],
         "registrationDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "lastChangedDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "lastChangedBy" : "joe@bob.com"
       }
     ]
   }


   The following is a description of the members of this object:

   o  handle -- a string representing an RIR unique identifier of the
      network registration



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   o  startAddress -- the starting IP address of the network, either
      IPv4 or IPv6

   o  endAddress -- the ending IP address of the network, either IPv4 or
      IPv6

   o  ipVersion -- an integer signifying the IP protocol version of the
      network: 4 signifying an IPv4 network, 6 signifing an IPv6 network

   o  name -- an identifier assigned to the network registration by the
      registration holder

   o  description -- an array of strings containing descriptive text
      about the network registration

   o  type -- a string containing an RIR specific classification of the
      network

   o  country -- a string containing the name of the 2 character country
      code of the network

   o  parentHandle -- a string containing an RIR unique identifier of
      the parent network of this network registration

   o  entities -- an array of entity objects as defined by Section 3.1.

   The members "remarks", "uris", "registrationDate", "lastChangedDate",
   and "lastChangedBy" take the same form of the members of the same
   name of the entity object (Section 3).






















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7.  Autonomous System Number Entity Object Type

   The Autonomous System Number (autnum) object type models Autonomous
   System Number registrations found in RIRs.  There is no equivalent
   object type for DNRs.  The high level structure of the autnum object
   type consists of information about the network registration and
   entities related to the autnum registration (e.g. registrant
   information, contacts, etc...), and is similar to the IP Network
   entity object type.

   The following is an example of a JSON object representing an autnum.


   {
     "handle" : "XXXX-RIR",
     "startAutnum" : "10",
     "endAutnum" : "15",
     "name": "AS-RTR-1",
     "description" : [ "AS for Exchange" ],
     "type" : "DIRECT ALLOCATION",
     "country": "AU",
     "remarks" : [
       "she sells seas shells",
       "down by the seashore"
     ],
     "uris" : [
       {
         "type" : "source",
         "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/autnum/xxxx"
       },
       {
         "type" : "parent",
         "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/autnum/yyyy"
       },
       {
         "type" : "held",
         "uri" : "http://example.net/location/xxxx"
       }
     ],
     "registrationDate" : "20110509",
     "lastChangedDate" : "20110509",
     "lastChangedBy" : "joe@bob.com",
     "entities" : [
       {
         "handle" : "XXXX",
         "names": [ "Joe Bob, Inc.", "Bobby Joe Shopping" ],
         "roles" : [ "registrant" ],
         "postalAddress" : [



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           "123 Maple Ave",
           "Suite 90001",
           "Vancouver",
           "BC",
           "12393"
         ],
         "emails" : [ "joe@bob.com", "bob@joe.com" ],
         "phones" : {
           "office" : [ "999-999-999-99", "111-111-111-11" ],
           "fax" :    [ "222-222-222-22" ],
           "mobile" : [ "333-333-333-33" ]
         },
         "remarks" : [
           "she sells seas shells",
           "down by the seashore"
         ],
         "uris" : [
         {
           "type" : "source",
           "uri" : "http://whois-rws.net/autnum/xxxx"
         }
         ],
         "registrationDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "lastChangedDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "lastChangedBy" : "joe@bob.com"
       }
     ]
   }


   The following is a description of the members of this object:

   o  handle -- a string representing an RIR unique identifier of the
      autnum registration

   o  startAutnum -- the starting number [RFC5396] in the block of
      autonomous system numbers

   o  endAutnum -- the ending number [RFC5396] in the block of
      autonomous system numbers

   o  name -- an identifier assigned to the autnum registration by the
      registration holder

   o  description -- an array of strings containing descriptive text
      about the autnum registration





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   o  type -- a string containing an RIR specific classification of the
      autnum

   o  country -- a string containing the name of the 2 character country
      code of the autnum

   The members "remarks", "uris", "registrationDate", "lastChangedDate",
   and "lastChangedBy" take the same form of the members of the same
   name of the entity object (Section 3).










































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8.  Normative References

   [I-D.hollenbeck-weirds-unified-query]
              Newton, A., Ranjbar, K., Servin, A., and S. Hollenbeck,
              "Unified RDAP Query Format",
              draft-newton-et-al-weirds-rir-query-00 (work in progress),
              September 2011.

   [RFC0791]  Postel, J., "Internet Protocol", STD 5, RFC 791,
              September 1981.

   [RFC4627]  Crockford, D., "The application/json Media Type for
              JavaScript Object Notation (JSON)", RFC 4627, July 2006.

   [RFC5322]  Resnick, P., Ed., "Internet Message Format", RFC 5322,
              October 2008.

   [RFC5952]  Kawamura, S. and M. Kawashima, "A Recommendation for IPv6
              Address Text Representation", RFC 5952, August 2010.

   [RFC4034]  Arends, R., Austein, R., Larson, M., Massey, D., and S.
              Rose, "Resource Records for the DNS Security Extensions",
              RFC 4034, March 2005.

   [RFC5396]  Huston, G. and G. Michaelson, "Textual Representation of
              Autonomous System (AS) Numbers", RFC 5396, December 2008.

   [RFC3986]  Berners-Lee, T., Fielding, R., and L. Masinter, "Uniform
              Resource Identifier (URI): Generic Syntax", STD 66,
              RFC 3986, January 2005.

   [RFC2616]  Fielding, R., Gettys, J., Mogul, J., Frystyk, H.,
              Masinter, L., Leach, P., and T. Berners-Lee, "Hypertext
              Transfer Protocol -- HTTP/1.1", RFC 2616, June 1999.

   [RFC3339]  Klyne, G., Ed. and C. Newman, "Date and Time on the
              Internet: Timestamps", RFC 3339, July 2002.

   [RFC1166]  Kirkpatrick, S., Stahl, M., and M. Recker, "Internet
              numbers", RFC 1166, July 1990.

   [ISO.3166.1988]
              International Organization for Standardization, "Codes for
              the representation of names of countries, 3rd edition",
              ISO Standard 3166, August 1988.

   [RFC4343]  Eastlake, D., "Domain Name System (DNS) Case Insensitivity
              Clarification", RFC 4343, January 2006.



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   [I-D.designteam-weirds-using-http]
              Newton, A., Ranjbar, K., Servin, A., Ellacott, B.,
              Hollenbeck, S., Sheng, S., Arias, F., Kong, N., and F.
              Obispo, "Using HTTP for RESTful Whois Services by Internet
              Registries", draft-designteam-weirds-using-http-01 (work
              in progress), May 2012.













































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Appendix A.  Suggested Values

   Due to the wide variation between the hundreds of registry operators
   and the on-going policy refinement by registry communities, values of
   some data cannot be formally standardized.  This section lists
   suggested values for such data but is not nor will ever be a complete
   of values and their meanings.

A.1.  Status

   Many of the object types have a member named 'status'.  This member
   is an array of strings, with each string denoting a status associated
   with the object instance.  The following is a list of suggested
   values to use in the 'status' array:

   o  'validated' -- Signifies that the data of the object instance has
      been found to be accurate.  This type of status is usually found
      on Entity object instances to note the validity of identifying
      contact information.

   o  'update prohibited' -- Updates to the object instance are
      forbidden.

   o  'transfer prohibited' -- Transfers of the registration from one
      registrar to another are forbidden.  This type of status normally
      applies to DNR domain names.

   o  'delete prohibited' -- Deletion of the registration of the object
      instance is forbidden.  This type of status normally applies to
      DNR domain names.

A.2.  Roles

   Entity object types have a member named 'roles'.  This member is an
   array of strings, with each string indicating the role or
   relationship the Entity object instance has with a containing object,
   such as a domain name or IP network.  An Entity object instance can
   have more than one type of relationship with a containing object.
   The following is a list of suggested values to use in the 'roles'
   array:

   o  'registrant' -- The Entity object instance is the registrant of
      the registration.

   o  'tech' -- The Entity object instance is a technical contact for
      the registration.





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   o  'admin' -- The Entity object instance is an administrative contact
      for the registraton.

   o  'abuse' -- The Entity object instance handles network abuse issues
      on behalf of the registrant of the registration.

   o  'billing' -- The Entity object instance handles payment and
      billing issues on behalf of the registrant of the registration.

   o  'registrar' -- The Entity object instance represents the authority
      responsible for the registration in the registry.

A.3.  URI Types

   Many of the object types have a member named 'uris', which is an
   array of objects with each object containing a 'type' string and a
   'uri' string.  These URIs represent a location to find information
   about the containing object.  The following is a list of suggested
   values to use as a 'type' string for an associated URI.

   o  'self' -- Indicates the URI is a direct reference to the object
      instance via an RDAP query.

   o  'parent' -- Indicates a direct reference to an object instance's
      parent via an RDAP query.  Such a reference might be used in an IP
      network to reference next IP network up the tree of IP address
      hierarchies.

   o  'source' -- Signifies a direct reference to the registration in
      another protocol.  As an example, both ARIN and the RIPE NCC have
      RESTful web services for Whois data that pre-exists RDAP.  This
      type of URI would be used to reference the same data in such a
      system.

   o  'web' -- Signifies the web site of the containing object instance.
      The expectation is that a web browser would be needed to use this
      URI.

   o  'rdap' -- Signifies the RDAP service where RDAP queries can be
      issued.

   o  'held' -- Signifies a HELD location service for the registered
      object.

   o  'geo' -- Signifies that the URI is a geo URI related to the
      location of the registration.





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Appendix B.  Suggested Data Modeling with the Entity Object Type

B.1.  Registrants and Contacts

   This document does not provide specific objects for registrants and
   contacts.  Instead the Entity object type may be used to represent a
   registrant or contact.  When the Entity object instance is embedded
   inside a containing object such as a domain name or IP network, the
   'roles' string array can be used to signify the relationship.  It is
   recommended that the values from Appendix A.2 be used.

   The following is an example of an elided containing object with an
   embedded entity that is both a registrant and admin contact:


   {
     ...
     "entities" :
     [
       {
         "handle" : "XXXX",
         "names": [ "Joe Bob, Inc.", "Bobby Joe Shopping" ],
         "roles" : [ "registrant", "admin" ],
         "postalAddress" : [
           "123 Maple Ave",
           "Suite 90001",
           "Vancouver",
           "BC",
           "12393"
         ],
         "emails" : [ "joe@bob.com", "bob@joe.com" ],
         "phones" : {
           "office" : [ "999-999-999-99", "111-111-111-11" ],
           "fax" :    [ "222-222-222-22" ],
           "mobile" : [ "333-333-333-33" ]
         },
         "remarks" : [
           "she sells seas shells",
           "down by the seashore"
         ],
         "registrationDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "lastChangedDate" : "1990-12-31T23:59:60Z",
         "lastChangedBy" : "joe@bob.com"
       }
     ]
   }





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B.2.  Registrars

   This document does not provide a specific object type for registrars,
   but like registrants and contacts (see Appendix B.1) the 'roles'
   string array maybe used.  Additionally, a URI type can signify the
   registrars point of service (see Appendix A.3).

   The following is an example of an elided containing object with an
   embedded entity that is a registrar:


   {
     ...
     "entities" :
     [
       {
         "handle" : "XXXX",
         "names": [ "RegistrarsRUS" ],
         "roles" : [ "registrar" ],
         "postalAddress" : [
           "1212 Tulip Ave",
           "Suite 1",
           "Marina Del Rey",
           "CA",
           "12393-2193"
         ],
         "emails" : [ "joe@bob.com", "bob@joe.com" ],
         "phones" : {
           "office" : [ "999-999-999-99", "111-111-111-11" ],
           "fax" :    [ "222-222-222-22" ],
           "mobile" : [ "333-333-333-33" ]
         },
         "remarks" : [
           "we registrar for less!"
         ],
         "uris" : [
           {
             "type" : "rdap",
             "uri" : "http://rdap.exmaple.com"
           },
           {
             "type" : "web",
             "uri" : "http://www.example.com"
           }
         ]
       }
     ]
   }



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Appendix C.  IDN Query and Response Model

   Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs) differ from other types of
   domain names because multiple domain names as would be represented by
   a name in Master File format (see [RFC4343]) may be registered by a
   single IDN.  IDNs are based on Unicode, and Unicode can have multiple
   means for encoding the same word depending on the character set and
   language being used.  And the rules for determining which IDN
   encoding maps to a "wire-format" domain name vary from DNR to DNR.

   When an IDN maps to multiple domain names, the various mappings are
   called variants.  The DNR Domain object type (Section 5.2) represents
   the variants using a string array.

   The following is an example of an elided DNR domain object with
   variants.


   {
     "handle" : "XXXX",
     "name" : "blah.example.com",
     "variants" : [ "blah2.example.com", "blah3.example.com" ],
     ...
   }


   Because IDNs can have multiple targets in a mapping and due to the
   variance in DNR mapping rules, it is up to the client to reduce an
   IDN to a domain name in Master File format so as to narrow the lookup
   of the domain name to the proper subset.  A query of a DNR using the
   IDN itself might map across multiple registrations depending on the
   mapping rules of the DNR.



















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Authors' Addresses

   Andrew Lee Newton
   American Registry for Internet Numbers
   3635 Concorde Parkway
   Chantilly, VA  20151
   US

   Email: andy@arin.net
   URI:   http://www.arin.net


   Scott Hollenbeck
   Verisign Labs
   12061 Bluemont Way
   Reston, VA  20190
   US

   Email: shollenbeck@verisign.com
   URI:   http://www.verisignlabs.com/


   Kaveh Ranjbar
   RIPE Network Coordination Centre
   Singel 258
   Amsterdam  1016AB
   NL

   Email: kranjbar@ripe.net
   URI:   http://www.ripe.net


   Arturo L. Servin
   Latin American and Caribbean Internet Address Registry
   Rambla Republica de Mexico 6125
   Montevideo  11300
   UY

   Email: aservin@lacnic.net
   URI:   http://www.lacnic.net











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   Byron J. Ellacott
   Asia Pacific Network Information Center
   6 Cordelia Street
   South Brisbane  QLD 4101
   Australia

   Email: bje@apnic.net
   URI:   http://www.apnic.net











































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