[Docs] [txt|pdf|xml|html] [Tracker] [Email] [Diff1] [Diff2] [Nits]

Versions: (draft-richardson-6lo-ra-in-ie) 00 01 02

6lo Working Group                                             D. Dujovne
Internet-Draft                                Universidad Diego Portales
Intended status: Informational                             M. Richardson
Expires: September 12, 2017                     Sandelman Software Works
                                                          March 11, 2017


    IEEE802.15.4 Informational Element encapsulation of 6tisch Join
                              Information
            draft-richardson-6tisch-join-enhanced-beacon-01

Abstract

   In TSCH mode of IEEE802.15.4, as described by
   [I-D.ietf-6tisch-minimal], opportunities for broadcasts are limited
   to specific times and specific channels.  Nodes in a TSCH network
   typically frequently send Enhanced Beacon (EB) frames to announce the
   presence of the network.  This document provides a mechanism by which
   small details critical for new nodes (pledges) and long sleeping
   nodes may be carried within the Enhanced Beacon.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on September 12, 2017.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect



Dujovne & Richardson   Expires September 12, 2017               [Page 1]


Internet-Draft                IE for ICMPv6                   March 2017


   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
     1.1.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
     1.2.  Layer-2 Synchronization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.3.  Layer-3 synchronization IPv6 Router solicitations and
           advertisements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Protocol Definition . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     2.1.  Protocol Example  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   4.  Privacy Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   5.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   6.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   7.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     7.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     7.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   Appendix A.  Change history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7

1.  Introduction

   [RFC7554] describes the use of the time-slotted channel hopping
   (TSCH) mode of [ieee802154].  As further details in
   [I-D.ietf-6tisch-minimal], an Enhanced Beacon is transmitted during a
   slot designated a broadcast slot.

   EDNOTE: Explain why broadcasts are rare, and why we need them.  What
   the Enhanced Beacon is, and what Information Elements are, and how
   the IETF has a subtype for that area.  Explain what kind of things
   could be placed in Information Elements, how big they could be, and
   how they could be compressed.

1.1.  Terminology

   In this document, the key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED",
   "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY",
   and "OPTIONAL" are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14, RFC 2119
   [RFC2119] and indicate requirement levels for compliant STuPiD
   implementations.







Dujovne & Richardson   Expires September 12, 2017               [Page 2]


Internet-Draft                IE for ICMPv6                   March 2017


1.2.  Layer-2 Synchronization

   As explained in section 6 of [I-D.ietf-6tisch-minimal], the Enhanced
   Beacon has a number of purposes: synchronization of ASN and Join
   Metric, timeslot template identifier, the channel hopping sequence
   identifier, TSCH SlotFrame and Link IE.

   The Enhanced Beacon (EB) is used by nodes already part of a TSCH
   network to annouce its existance.  Receiving an EB allows a Joining
   Node (pledge) to learn about the network and synchronize to it.  The
   EB may also be used as a means for a node already part of the network
   to re-synchronize [RFC7554].

   There are a limited number of timeslots designated as a broadcast
   slot by each router.  These slots are rare, and with 10ms slots, with
   a slot-frame length of 100, there may be only 1 slot/s for the
   beacon.

1.3.  Layer-3 synchronization IPv6 Router solicitations and
      advertisements

   At layer 3, [RFC2461] defines a mechanism by which nodes learn about
   routers by listening for multicasted Router Advertisements (RA).  If
   no RA is heard within a set time, then a Router Solicitation (RS) may
   be multicast, to which an RA will be received, usually unicast.

   Although [RFC6775] reduces the amount of multicast necessary to do
   address resolution via Neighbor Solicitation messages, it still
   requires multicast of either RAs or RS.  This is an expensive
   operation for two reasons: there are few multicast timeslots for
   unsolicited RAs; if a pledge node does not hear an RA, and decides to
   send a RS (consuming a broadcast aloha slot with unencrypted
   traffic), many unicast RS may be sent in response.

   This is a particularly acute issue for the join process for the
   following reasons:

   1.  use of a multicast slot by even a non-malicious unauthenticated
       node for a Router Solicitation may overwhelm that time slot.

   2.  it may require many seconds of on-time before a new pledge hears
       a Router Soliciation that it can use.

   3.  a new pledge may listen to many Enhanced Beacons before it can
       pick an appropriate network and/or closest Join Assistant to
       attach to.  If it must listen for a RS as well as find the
       Enhanced Beacon, then the process may take a very long time.




Dujovne & Richardson   Expires September 12, 2017               [Page 3]


Internet-Draft                IE for ICMPv6                   March 2017


2.  Protocol Definition

   [I-D.kivinen-802-15-ie] creates a registry for new IETF IE subtypes.
   This document allocates a new subtype TBD-XXX.

   This document documents a new IE subtype structure is as follows.  As
   explained in [I-D.kivinen-802-15-ie] the length of the Sub-Type
   Content can be calculated from the container, so no length
   information is necessary.

                        1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |   TBD-XXX     |J|I|R| R E S V |         network ID            |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+---------+                               |
   |                           network ID                          |
   +                               +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |      network ID               |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

   J  the Join Proxy flag is set if the sending node will operate as a
      Join Proxy according to [I-D.ietf-6tisch-minimal-security].

   I  the Initiate Join flag is set if this network supports pledges
      initiating the join process themselves according to
      [I-D.ietf-6tisch-minimal-security].  If not set, then the pledge
      should do an NS DAD operation ([RFC6775] section 4.3, explained in
      [I-D.ietf-6tisch-dtsecurity-secure-join]) and then remain silent,
      to wait to be contacted.

   R  the Router Advertisement flag is set if the sending node will act
      as a Router for host-only nodes that need addressing via unicast
      Router Solicitation messages.

   network ID  this is an opaque 16-byte identifier that uniquely
      identifies this network, potentially among many networks that are
      operating in the same frequencies in overlapping physical space.

   In a 6tisch network, where RPL is used as the mesh routing protocol,
   the network ID SHOULD be constructed from a SHA256 hash of the
   DODAGID of the network.  The result will be a 32-byte hash, and the
   lower 16-bytes should be used.

2.1.  Protocol Example

   Here are three examples of processing.





Dujovne & Richardson   Expires September 12, 2017               [Page 4]


Internet-Draft                IE for ICMPv6                   March 2017


3.  Security Considerations

   All of the contents of this Information Element are sent in the
   clear.  The containing Enhanced Beacon is not encrypted, but may be
   authenticated to nodes which have already received network-wide
   keying material.

4.  Privacy Considerations

   The use of a network ID may reveal information about the network.
   The use of a SHA256 hash of the DODAGID, rather than using the
   DODAGID directly provides some cover the addresses used within the
   network.  The DODAGID is usually the IPv6 address of the root of the
   RPL mesh.

   An interloper with a radio sniffer would be able to use the network
   ID to map out the extend of the mesh network.

5.  IANA Considerations

   Allocate a new number TBD-XXX from Registry IETF IE Sub-type ID.
   This entry should be called 6tisch-Join-Info.

6.  Acknowledgements

   Thomas Watteyne provided extensive editorial comments on the
   document.

7.  References

7.1.  Normative References

   [I-D.ietf-6tisch-architecture]
              Thubert, P., "An Architecture for IPv6 over the TSCH mode
              of IEEE 802.15.4", draft-ietf-6tisch-architecture-11 (work
              in progress), January 2017.

   [I-D.ietf-6tisch-minimal]
              Vilajosana, X., Pister, K., and T. Watteyne, "Minimal
              6TiSCH Configuration", draft-ietf-6tisch-minimal-21 (work
              in progress), February 2017.

   [I-D.kivinen-802-15-ie]
              Kivinen, T. and P. Kinney, "IEEE 802.15.4 Information
              Element for IETF", draft-kivinen-802-15-ie-06 (work in
              progress), March 2017.





Dujovne & Richardson   Expires September 12, 2017               [Page 5]


Internet-Draft                IE for ICMPv6                   March 2017


   [ieee802154]
              IEEE Standard, ., "802.15.4-2015 - IEEE Standard for Low-
              Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs)", 2015,
              <http://standards.ieee.org/findstds/
              standard/802.15.4-2015.html>.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC2461]  Narten, T., Nordmark, E., and W. Simpson, "Neighbor
              Discovery for IP Version 6 (IPv6)", RFC 2461,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2461, December 1998,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2461>.

   [RFC6775]  Shelby, Z., Ed., Chakrabarti, S., Nordmark, E., and C.
              Bormann, "Neighbor Discovery Optimization for IPv6 over
              Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Networks (6LoWPANs)",
              RFC 6775, DOI 10.17487/RFC6775, November 2012,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6775>.

   [RFC7554]  Watteyne, T., Ed., Palattella, M., and L. Grieco, "Using
              IEEE 802.15.4e Time-Slotted Channel Hopping (TSCH) in the
              Internet of Things (IoT): Problem Statement", RFC 7554,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC7554, May 2015,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7554>.

7.2.  Informative References

   [I-D.ietf-6tisch-dtsecurity-secure-join]
              Richardson, M., "6tisch Secure Join protocol", draft-ietf-
              6tisch-dtsecurity-secure-join-01 (work in progress),
              February 2017.

   [I-D.ietf-6tisch-minimal-security]
              Vucinic, M., Simon, J., and K. Pister, "Minimal Security
              Framework for 6TiSCH", draft-ietf-6tisch-minimal-
              security-01 (work in progress), February 2017.

Appendix A.  Change history

   This is an evolution of an earlier proposal which provided for
   storing an entire IPv6 Router Adverisement in an Informational
   Element.  It was deemed too general a solution, possibly subject to
   mis-use.  This proposal restricts the use to just the key pieces of
   information required.




Dujovne & Richardson   Expires September 12, 2017               [Page 6]


Internet-Draft                IE for ICMPv6                   March 2017


Authors' Addresses

   Diego Dujovne (editor)
   Universidad Diego Portales
   Escuela de Informatica y Telecomunicaciones, Av. Ejercito 441
   Santiago, Region Metropolitana
   Chile

   Phone: +56 (2) 676-8121
   Email: diego.dujovne@mail.udp.cl


   Michael Richardson
   Sandelman Software Works

   Email: mcr+ietf@sandelman.ca



































Dujovne & Richardson   Expires September 12, 2017               [Page 7]


Html markup produced by rfcmarkup 1.124, available from https://tools.ietf.org/tools/rfcmarkup/