[Docs] [txt|pdf|xml|html] [Tracker] [Email] [Diff1] [Diff2] [Nits]

Versions: 00 01 02 03

nwcrg                                                       V. Roca, Ed.
Internet-Draft                                                     INRIA
Intended status: Informational                                 F. Michel
Expires: September 10, 2020                                    UCLouvain
                                                                I. Swett
                                                                  Google
                                                          M-J. Montpetit
                                                          Triangle Video
                                                           March 9, 2020


Sliding Window Random Linear Code (RLC) Forward Erasure Correction (FEC)
                            Schemes for QUIC
              draft-roca-nwcrg-rlc-fec-scheme-for-quic-03

Abstract

   This document specifies Sliding Window Random Linear Code (RLC)
   Forward Erasure Correction (FEC) Schemes for the QUIC transport
   protocol, in order to recover from packet losses.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on September 10, 2020.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2020 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect



Roca, et al.           Expires September 10, 2020               [Page 1]


Internet-Draft                RLC for QUIC                    March 2020


   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Definitions and Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Procedures  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     3.1.  Source Symbols Mapping  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     3.2.  Source Symbols identification . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     3.3.  Pseudo-Random Number Generator (PRNG) . . . . . . . . . .   4
     3.4.  Coding Coefficients Generation Function . . . . . . . . .   4
   4.  Sliding Window RLC FEC Scheme over GF(2^^8) . . . . . . . . .   5
     4.1.  Formats and Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
       4.1.1.  Configuration Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
       4.1.2.  SRC FPI Frame Format  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
       4.1.3.  REPAIR Frame Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   6
       4.1.4.  Additional Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
     4.2.  FEC Code Specification  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
       4.2.1.  Encoding Side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
       4.2.2.  Decoding Side . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
   7.  Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
   8.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     8.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     8.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9

1.  Introduction

   QUIC [QUIC-transport] is a transport protocol that aims at improving
   network performance by enabling stream multiplexing, partial
   reliability, and methods of recovery besides retransmission, while
   also improving security.  This document specifies FEC schemes for
   Sliding Window Random Linear Code (RLC) [RFC8681] to recover from
   lost packets within a single QUIC stream or across several QUIC
   streams, compliant with the FEC coding framework for QUIC
   [Coding4QUIC].

   The ability to add FEC coding in QUIC may be beneficial in several
   situations:

   o  for a robust transmission of latency-sensitive traffic, for
      instance real-time flows, since it enables to recover packet
      losses independently of the round trip time;



Roca, et al.           Expires September 10, 2020               [Page 2]


Internet-Draft                RLC for QUIC                    March 2020


   o  for the transmission of contents to a large set of QUIC reception
      endpoints, since the same repair frame may help recovering several
      different packet losses at different receivers;

   o  for multipath communications, since repair traffic adds diversity.

2.  Definitions and Abbreviations

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

   Terms and definitions that apply to coding are available in
   [nc-taxonomy].  More specifically, this document uses the following
   definitions:

   Packet versus Symbol:  a Packet is the unit of data that is exchanged
      over the network while a Symbol is the unit of data that is
      manipulated during the encoding and decoding operations

   Source Symbol:  a unit of data originating from the source that is
      used as input to encoding operations

   Repair Symbol:  a unit of data that is the result of a coding
      operation

   This document uses the following abbreviations:

   E: size of an encoding symbol (i.e., source or repair symbol),
      assumed fixed (in bytes)

3.  Procedures

   This section introduces the procedures that are used by these FEC
   Schemes.

3.1.  Source Symbols Mapping

   The present FEC Scheme follows the source symbols mapping specified
   in [Coding4QUIC].  Figure 1 illustrates this mapping.











Roca, et al.           Expires September 10, 2020               [Page 3]


Internet-Draft                RLC for QUIC                    March 2020


   QUIC packet
            |<E-1-4>|< E-1 >|< E-1 >|< E-1 >|
     +------|----+--|-------|-------|-------|
     |Header| 0  |   Packet Payload         | 4 packet chunks
     +------|----+--|-------|-------|-------|
            /         |          |          \
           v          v          v           v
   +-+--+----+  +-+-------+  +-+-------+  +-+-------+
   |m|pn|chnk|  |m|  chunk|  |m|  chunk|  |m|  chunk| 4 source symbols
   +-+--+----+  +-+-------+  +-+-------+  +-+-------+
   |         |  |         |  |         |  |         |
   |< --E-- >|  |< --E-- >|  |< --E-- >|  |< --E-- >|

      Figure 1: Example of source symbol mapping, when the E value is
                             relatively small.

3.2.  Source Symbols identification

   Similarly to [RFC8681], the present FEC Scheme assigns a unique
   identifier (ID) to each produced source symbol.  The IDs are assigned
   to the produced source symbols in the ascending order.  The IDs start
   at MUST start 0 and MUST be contiguous.  For any symbol with ID x,
   the source symbol with ID x+1 is :

   o  The source symbol containing the next packet chunk in the same
      QUIC packet as the source symbol X, if it exists.

   o  The source symbol containing the first packet chunk of the next
      generated FEC-protected QUIC packet

   Do we want to authorize a wrapping of the source symbol ID ? It would
   be a lot easier if wrapping is not permitted.

3.3.  Pseudo-Random Number Generator (PRNG)

   The RLC FEC Schemes defined in this document rely on the TinyMT32
   PRNG defined in [RFC8682] along with the two mapping functions to
   4-bit and 8-bit unsigned integers defined in [RFC8681].

3.4.  Coding Coefficients Generation Function

   The coding coefficients, used during the encoding process, are
   generated at the RLC encoder by the generate_coding_coefficients()
   function each time a new repair symbol needs to be produced.  This
   specification uses the generate_coding_coefficients() defined in
   [RFC8681].





Roca, et al.           Expires September 10, 2020               [Page 4]


Internet-Draft                RLC for QUIC                    March 2020


4.  Sliding Window RLC FEC Scheme over GF(2^^8)

   This fully-specified FEC Scheme defines the Sliding Window Random
   Linear Codes (RLC) over GF(2^^8).

4.1.  Formats and Codes

4.1.1.  Configuration Information

   This section provides the RLC configuration information that needs to
   be shared during QUIC negotiation between the QUIC sender and
   receiver endpoints in order to synchronize them.

   o  FEC Encoding ID (8 bits): the value assigned to this fully
      specified FEC Scheme MUST be XXXX, as assigned by IANA
      (Section 6).  This FEC Encoding ID is used during the QUIC
      negotiation to uniquely identify the RLC FEC Scheme for QUIC;

   o  Encoding symbol size, E (in bytes) (16 bits): a non-negative
      integer that indicates the size of each source and repair symbol,
      in bytes.  This element is required both by the QUIC sender
      endpoint (RLC encoder) and the QUIC receiver endpoint(s) (RLC
      decoder).

   TODO: specify exact format, with binary encoding, to be carried
   within the opaque 32-bit field during negotiation.

4.1.2.  SRC FPI Frame Format

   The RLC FEC Scheme requires explicit signaling of the Source Symbols
   it transmits.  The QUIC packets whose payload is protected by FEC
   MUST contain an SRC FPI frame with the following format.

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |            ID of First Source Symbol in Packet (i)          ...
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

                      Figure 2: SRC FPI frame format.

   The SRC FPI frame contains the ID of the first source symbol
   contained in this packet.  Each source symbol contains a packet chunk
   of E-1 bytes long.  If the payload to protect is longer than E-1
   bytes, this means that the packet contains several packet chunks.  In
   this case the source symbol ID will increase by exactly one for each
   additional packet chunk contained in the payload to protect.




Roca, et al.           Expires September 10, 2020               [Page 5]


Internet-Draft                RLC for QUIC                    March 2020


   Note:  This frame is not idempotent.  In the current version of QUIC,
       all the frames are idempotent (but this is not especially
       required).  It would be great to preserve this property (a quick
       fix would be to add the packet number in the frame, but it takes
       a lot of space and I don't think it is very useful).  Another bad
       property is that the frames are not independant anymore (several
       SRC FPI frames contained in the same packet have a confusing
       meaning).  I really think that the correct solution would be a
       (encrypted) header field but I guess it is more complicated to
       propose (maybe in v2 we'll have a mechanism to define dynamic
       encrypted header fields during negotiation).

4.1.3.  REPAIR Frame Format

   The RLC FEC Scheme requires QUIC REPAIR frames to convey enough
   information.  This section specifies the REPAIR frame format specific
   to the RLC FEC Scheme.  Note that the notion of REPAIR frame format
   is equivalent to the notion of Repair FEC Payload ID in [RFC8681].

    0                   1                   2                   3
    0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |              ID of First Source Symbol in EW (i)            ...
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |       Repair_Key              |              NSS              |
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
   |  DT   |          NRS          |        Repair Symbols       ...
   +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

    Figure 3: REPAIR frame format when protecting a single QUIC stream.

   More precisely, the REPAIR frame format is composed of the following
   fields (Figure 3):

   ID of the first Source Symbol in the Encoding Window (variable-size
   field):
      a variable-length integer specifying the ID of the first source
      symbol in the encoding window.  When a FEC REPAIR frame contains
      several repair symbols, this value applies to all of them;

   Repair_Key (16-bit field):  this unsigned integer is used as a seed
      by the coefficient generation function (Section 3.4) in order to
      generate the desired number of coding coefficients.  When a FEC
      Repair Packet contains several repair symbols, this repair key
      value is that of the first repair symbol.  The remaining repair
      keys can be deduced by incrementing by 1 this value, up to a
      maximum value of 65535 after which it loops back to 0.




Roca, et al.           Expires September 10, 2020               [Page 6]


Internet-Draft                RLC for QUIC                    March 2020


   Number of Source Symbols in the encoding window, NSS (16-bit field):

      this unsigned integer indicates the number of source symbols in
      the encoding window when this repair symbol was generated.  When a
      REPAIR frame contains several repair symbols, the NSS value
      applies to all of them;

   Density Threshold for the coding coefficients, DT (4-bit field):  thi
      s unsigned integer carries the Density Threshold (DT) used by the
      coding coefficient generation function Section 3.4.  More
      precisely, it controls the probability of having a non zero coding
      coefficient, which equals (DT+1) / 16.  When a REPAIR frame
      contains several repair symbols, the DT value applies to all of
      them;

   Number of Repair Symbols contained in the frame, NRS (12-bit field):

      this unsigned integer specifies the number of Repair Symbols
      contained in this REPAIR frame;

   Repair Symbols:  data for this repair symbol(s).  This field is NRS*E
      bytes long.

4.1.4.  Additional Procedures

4.2.  FEC Code Specification

   This RLC FEC Scheme relies on the FEC code specification defined in
   [RFC8681].

4.2.1.  Encoding Side

   [RFC8681] high level description of a Sliding Window RLC encoder also
   applies here to this FEC Scheme.

4.2.2.  Decoding Side

   [RFC8681] high level description of a Sliding Window RLC decoder also
   applies here to this FEC Scheme.

5.  Security Considerations

   TBD








Roca, et al.           Expires September 10, 2020               [Page 7]


Internet-Draft                RLC for QUIC                    March 2020


6.  IANA Considerations

   This document registers two values in the "QUIC FEC Encoding IDs"
   registry as follows:

   o  XXXX refers to the Sliding Window Random Linear Codes (RLC) over
      GF(2^^8) FEC Scheme for a Single QUIC Stream, as defined in
      Section 4 of this document.

7.  Acknowledgments

   TBD

8.  References

8.1.  Normative References

   [Coding4QUIC]
              Swett, I., Montpetit, M-J., Roca, V., and F. Michel,
              "Coding for QUIC", Work in Progress, NWCRG draft-swett-
              nwcrg-coding-for-quic (Work in Progress), March 2020,
              <https://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-swett-nwcrg-coding-for-
              quic>.

   [QUIC-transport]
              Iyengar, J., Ed. and M. Thomson, Ed., "QUIC: A UDP-Based
              Multiplexed and Secure Transport", draft-ietf-quic-
              transport (Work in Progress) (work in progress), November
              2019, <https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/draft-ietf-quic-
              transport/>.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC8681]  Roca, V. and B. Teibi, "Sliding Window Random Linear Code
              (RLC) Forward Erasure Correction (FEC) Schemes for
              FECFRAME", RFC 8681, DOI 10.17487/RFC8681, January 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8681>.

   [RFC8682]  Saito, M., Matsumoto, M., Roca, V., Ed., and E. Baccelli,
              "TinyMT32 Pseudorandom Number Generator (PRNG)", RFC 8682,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC8682, January 2020,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8682>.






Roca, et al.           Expires September 10, 2020               [Page 8]


Internet-Draft                RLC for QUIC                    March 2020


8.2.  Informative References

   [nc-taxonomy]
              Roca (Ed.) et al., V., "Taxonomy of Coding Techniques for
              Efficient Network Communications", Request For
              Comments RFC 8406, June 2018,
              <https://datatracker.ietf.org/doc/draft-irtf-nwcrg-
              network-coding-taxonomy/>.

Authors' Addresses

   Vincent Roca (editor)
   INRIA
   Univ. Grenoble Alpes
   France

   Email: vincent.roca@inria.fr


   Francois Michel
   UCLouvain
   Louvain-la-Neuve
   Belgium

   Email: francois.michel@uclouvain.be


   Ian Swett
   Google
   Cambridge, MA
   US

   Email: ianswett@google.com


   Marie-Jose Montpetit
   Triangle Video
   Boston, MA
   US

   Email: marie@mjmontpetit.com










Roca, et al.           Expires September 10, 2020               [Page 9]


Html markup produced by rfcmarkup 1.129d, available from https://tools.ietf.org/tools/rfcmarkup/