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Versions: 00 02 03 RFC 2971

Network Working Group                                       T. Showalter
Internet Draft: IMAP ID Extension                        Mirapoint, Inc.
Document: draft-showalter-imap-id-03.txt                  August 3, 1999

                           IMAP4 ID extension

Status of this Memo

   This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with
   all provisions of Section 10 of RFC 2026.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF), its areas, and its working groups.  Note that
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   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
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   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

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   The ID extension to the IMAP4rev1 protocol allows the server and
   client to exchange identification information on their implementation
   in order to make bug reports and usage statistics more complete.

1. Introduction

   The IMAP4rev1 protocol described in [IMAP4rev1] provides a method for
   accessing remote mail stores, but it provides no facility to
   advertise what program a client or server uses to provide service.
   This makes it difficult for implementors to get complete bug reports
   from users, as it is frequently difficult to know what client or
   server is in use.

   Additionally, some sites may wish to assemble usage statistics based
   on what clients are used, but in an an environment where users are
   permitted to obtain and maintain their own clients this is difficult
   to accomplish.

   The ID command provides a facility to advertise information on what

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   programs are being used along with contact information (should bugs
   ever occur).

2. Conventions Used in this Document

   The conventions used in this document are the same as specified in
   [IMAP4rev1]. In examples, "C:" and "S:" indicate lines sent by the
   client and server respectively.  Line breaks have been inserted for

3. Specification

   The sole purpose of the ID extension is to enable clients and servers
   to exchange information on their implementations for the purposes of
   statistical analysis and problem determination.

   This information is be submitted to a server by any client wishing to
   provide information for statistical purposes, provided the server
   advertises its willingness to take the information with the atom "ID"
   included in the list of capabilities returned by the CAPABILITY

   Implementations MUST NOT make operational changes based on the data
   sent as part of the ID command or response.  The ID command is for
   human consumption only, and is not to be used in improving the
   performance of clients or servers.

   This includes, but is not limited to, the following:

      Servers MUST NOT attempt to work around a client bugs by using
      information from the ID command.  Clients MUST NOT attempt to work
      around server bugs based on the ID response.

      Servers MUST NOT provide features to a client or otherwise
      optimize for a particular client by using information from the ID
      command.  Clients MUST NOT provide features to a server or
      otherwise optimize for a particular server based on the ID

      Servers MUST NOT deny access to or refuse service for a client
      based on information from the ID command.  Clients MUST NOT refuse
      to operate or limit their operation with a server based on the ID

   Rationale: It is imperative that this extension not supplant IMAP's
   CAPABILITY mechanism with a ad-hoc approach where implementations
   guess each other's features based on who they claim to be.

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   Implementations MUST NOT send false information in an ID command.

   Implementations MAY send less information than they have available or
   no information at all.  Such behavior may be useful to preserve user
   privacy.  See Security Considerations, section 6.

3.1. ID Command

   Arguments:  client parameter list or NIL

   Responses:  OPTIONAL untagged response: ID

   Result:     OK    identification information accepted
               BAD   command unknown or arguments invalid

   Implementation identification information is sent by the client with
   the ID command.

   This command is valid in any state.

   The information sent is in the form of a list of field/value pairs.
   Fields are permitted to be any IMAP4 string, and values are permitted
   to be any IMAP4 string or NIL.  A value of NIL indicates that the
   client can not or will not specify this information.  The client may
   also send NIL instead of the list, indicating that it wants to send
   no information, but would still accept a server response.

   The available fields are defined in section 3.3.

   Example:  C: a023 ID ("name" "sodr" "version" "19.34" "vendor"
                 "Pink Floyd Music Limited")
             S: a023 OK ID completed

3.2. ID Response

   Contents:   server parameter list

   In response to an ID command issued by the client, the server MAY
   reply with a tagged response containing information on its
   implementation.  The format is the same as the client list.

   Example:  C: a023 ID NIL
             S: * ID ("name" "Cyrus" "version" "1.5" "os" "sunos"
                  "os-version" "5.5" "email"
             S: a023 OK ID command completed

   A server MUST send a tagged ID response to an ID command.  However, a

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   server may send NIL in place of the list.

3.3. Defined Field Values

   Any string may be sent as a field, but the following are defined to
   describe certain values that might be sent.  Implementations are free
   to send none, any, or all of these.  Strings are not case-sensitive.
   Field strings MUST NOT be longer than 30 octets.  Value strings MUST
   NOT be longer than 1024 octets.  Implementations MUST NOT send more
   than 30 field-value pairs.

       name            Name of the program
       version         Version number of the program
       os              Name of the operating system
       os-version      Version of the operating system
       vendor          Vendor of the client/server
       support-url     URL to contact for support
       address         Postal address of contact/vendor
       date            Date program was released; should be in a
                         human-readable form
       command         Command used to start the program
       arguments       Arguments supplied on the command line, if any
                         if any
       environment     Description of environment, i.e., UNIX environment
                         variables or Windows registry settings

   Implementations MUST NOT use contact information to submit automatic
   bug reports.  Implementations may include information from an ID
   response in a report automatically prepared, but are prohibited from
   sending the report without user authorization.

   It is preferable to find the name and version of the underlying
   operating system at runtime in cases where this is possible.

   Information sent via an ID response may violate user privacy.  See
   Security Considerations, section 6.

   Implementations MUST NOT send the same field name more than once.

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4. Formal Syntax

   This  syntax is intended to augment the grammar specified in
   [IMAP4rev1] in order to provide for the ID command.  This
   specification uses the augmented Backus-Naur Form (BNF) notation as
   used in [IMAP4rev1].

       command_any ::= "CAPABILITY" / "LOGOUT" / "NOOP" / x_command / id
           ;; adds id command to command_any in [IMAP4rev1]

       id ::= "ID" SPACE id_params_list

       id_response ::= "ID" SPACE id_params_list

       id_params_list ::= "(" #(string SPACE nstring) ")" / nil
           ;; list of field value pairs

       response_data ::= "*" (resp_cond_state / resp_cond_bye /
           mailbox_data / message_data / capability_data / id_response)

5. References

   [IMAP4rev1] Crispin, M., "Internet Message Access Protocol - Version
       4rev1", RFC 2060, University of Washington, October, 1996.

   [RFC-822] Crocker, D., "Standard for the Format of ARPA Internet
       Text Messages", STD 11, RFC 822.

6. Security Considerations

   This extension has the danger of violating the privacy of users if
   misused.  Clients and servers should notify users that they implement
   and enable the ID command.

   It is highly desirable that implementations provide a method of
   disabling ID support, perhaps by not sending ID at all, or by sending
   NIL as the argument to the ID command or response.

   Implementors must exercise extreme care in adding fields sent as part
   of an ID command or response.  Some fields, including a processor ID
   number, Ethernet address, or other unique (or mostly unique)
   identifier allow tracking of users in ways that violate user privacy

   Having implementation information of a given client or server may
   make it easier for an attacker to gain unauthorized access due to
   security holes.

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7. Author's Address

   Tim Showalter
   Mirapoint, Inc.
   Two Results Way, Suite 100
   Cupertino, CA 95014

8. Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society 1999. All Rights Reserved.

   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
   and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
   kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph are
   included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
   document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
   the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
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   developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
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   followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than

   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an

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