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Versions: 00 01 02 03 04 05 RFC 7125

IPFIX Working Group                                          B. Trammell
Internet-Draft                                                ETH Zurich
Intended status: Informational                                 P. Aitken
Expires: April 10, 2014                               Cisco Systems, Inc
                                                        October 07, 2013

        Revision of the tcpControlBits IPFIX Information Element


   This document revises the tcpControlBits IPFIX Information Element as
   originally defined in [RFC5102] to reflect changes to the TCP Flags
   header field since [RFC0793].

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on April 10, 2014.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
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1.  Introduction

   Octets 12 and 13 of the TCP header encode the data offset (header
   length) in four bits, as well as 12 bits of flags.  The least
   significant 6 bits of these were defined in [RFC0793] as URG, ACK,
   PSH, RST, SYN, and FIN for TCP control.  Subsequently, [RFC3168]
   defined the CWR and ECE flags for Explicit Congestion Notification
   (ECN) negotiation and signaling; [RFC3540] additionally defined the
   NS flag for the ECN Nonce Sum.

   As defined in the IANA IPFIX Information Element Registry
   [IANA-IPFIX], taken from [RFC5102], the tcpControlBits Information
   Element for IPFIX [RFC7011] only covers the original six bits from
   [RFC0793].  To allow IPFIX to be used to measure the use of ECN, and
   to bring the IPFIX Information Element definition in line with the
   current definition of the TCP Flags header field, it is necessary to
   revise this definition.

   The revised definition of the Information Element in Section 2 was
   developed and approved through the IE-DOCTORS process [RFC7013] in
   August 2013.  Section 5.1 of [RFC7013] states "This process should
   not in any way be construed as allowing the IE-DOCTORS to overrule
   IETF consensus.  Specifically, Information Elements in the IANA IE
   registry which were added with IETF consensus require IETF consensus
   for revision or deprecation".  Since the tcpControlBits Information
   Element was defined in [RFC5102], an IETF Proposed Standard, any
   revision of this Information Element definition requires IETF
   Consensus.  The publication of this document fulfills that

   The following section defines the revised tcpControlBits Information
   Element as in Section 9.1 of [RFC7013].

2.  The tcpControlBits Information Element

   ElementId:   6
   Data Type:   unsigned16
   Data Type Semantics:   flags
   Description:   TCP control bits observed for the packets of this
      Flow.  This information is encoded as a bit field; for each TCP
      control bit, there is a bit in this set.  The bit is set to 1 if
      any observed packet of this Flow has the corresponding TCP control
      bit set to 1.  The bit is cleared to 0 otherwise.

      The values of each bit are shown below, per the definition of the
      bits in the TCP header [RFC0793]:

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Internet-Draft            IPFIX tcpControlBits              October 2013

    MSb                                                         LSb
     0   1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10  11  12  13  14  15
   |               |           | N | C | E | U | A | P | R | S | F |
   |     Zero      |   Future  | S | W | C | R | C | S | S | Y | I |
   | (Data Offset) |    Use    |   | R | E | G | K | H | T | N | N |

   bit    flag
   value  name  description
   0x8000       Zero (see tcpHeaderLength)
   0x4000       Zero (see tcpHeaderLength)
   0x2000       Zero (see tcpHeaderLength)
   0x1000       Zero (see tcpHeaderLength)
   0x0800       Future Use
   0x0400       Future Use
   0x0200       Future Use
   0x0100   NS  ECN Nonce Sum
   0x0080  CWR  Congestion Window Reduced
   0x0040  ECE  ECN Echo
   0x0020  URG  Urgent Pointer field significant
   0x0010  ACK  Acknowledgment field significant
   0x0008  PSH  Push Function
   0x0004  RST  Reset the connection
   0x0002  SYN  Synchronize sequence numbers
   0x0001  FIN  No more data from sender

      As the most significant four bits of octets 12 and 13 of the TCP
      header [RFC0793] are used to encode the TCP data offset (header
      length), the corresponding bits in this IE must be exported as
      zero and must be ignored by the collector; use the tcpHeaderLength
      Information Element to encode this value.

      Each of the three future use bits (0x800, 0x400, and 0x200) should
      be exported as observed in the TCP headers of the packets of this
      Flow, as they may be used subsequent to a future update of

      If exported as a single octet with reduced size encoding, this
      Information Element covers the low-order octet of this field (i.e,
      bits 0x80 to 0x01), omitting the ECN Nonce Sum and the three
      Future Use bits.  A collector receiving this Information Element
      with reduced size encoding must not assume anything about the
      content of these four bits.

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      Exporting Processes exporting this Information Element on behalf
      of a Metering Process that is not capable of observing any of the
      ECN Nonce Sum or Future Use bits should use reduced size encoding,
      and only export the least significant 8 bits of this Information

      Note that previous revisions of this Information Element's
      definition specified that the CWR and ECE bits must be exported as
      zero, even if observed.  Collectors should therefore not assume
      that a value of zero for these bits in this Information Element
      indicates the bits were never set in the observed traffic,
      especially if these bits are zero in every Flow Record sent by a
      given exporter.
   References:   [RFC0793][RFC3168][RFC3540]
   Revision:  1

3.  IANA Considerations

   IANA has updated the definition of the tcpControlBits Information
   Element in the the IANA IPFIX Information Element Registry
   [IANA-IPFIX] to reflect the changes in Section 2 above, changing the
   description, data type, and references; incrementing the revision
   number; and updating the revision date to the date of the change.

4.  Security and Privacy Considerations

   This document has no security or privacy considerations; the security
   considerations for IPFIX [RFC7011] apply.

5.  Acknowledgments

   Thanks to Andrew Feren and Lothar Braun for comments on the revised
   definition.  This work is partially supported by the European
   Commission under grant agreement FP7-ICT-318627 mPlane; this does not
   imply endorsement by the Commission.

6.  References

6.1.  Normative References

   [RFC0793]  Postel, J., "Transmission Control Protocol", STD 7, RFC
              793, September 1981.

   [RFC3168]  Ramakrishnan, K., Floyd, S., and D. Black, "The Addition
              of Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) to IP", RFC
              3168, September 2001.

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   [RFC3540]  Spring, N., Wetherall, D., and D. Ely, "Robust Explicit
              Congestion Notification (ECN) Signaling with Nonces", RFC
              3540, June 2003.

   [RFC7011]  Claise, B., Trammell, B., and P. Aitken, "Specification of
              the IP Flow Information Export (IPFIX) Protocol for the
              Exchange of Flow Information", STD 77, RFC 7011, September

   [RFC7013]  Trammell, B. and B. Claise, "Guidelines for Authors and
              Reviewers of IP Flow Information Export (IPFIX)
              Information Elements", BCP 184, RFC 7013, September 2013.

6.2.  Informative References

   [RFC5102]  Quittek, J., Bryant, S., Claise, B., Aitken, P., and J.
              Meyer, "Information Model for IP Flow Information Export",
              RFC 5102, January 2008.

              Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, ., "IP Flow
              Information Export Information Elements
              (http://www.iana.org/assignments/ipfix)", .

Authors' Addresses

   Brian Trammell
   Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich
   Gloriastrasse 35
   8092 Zurich

   Phone: +41 44 632 70 13
   Email: trammell@tik.ee.ethz.ch

   Paul Aitken
   Cisco Systems, Inc.
   96 Commercial Quay
   Commercial Street, Edinburgh EH6 6LX
   United Kingdom

   Phone: +44 131 561 3616
   Email: paitken@cisco.com

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