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SIDR Operations                                                   Z. Yan
Internet-Draft                                                     CNNIC
Intended status: Informational                                   R. Bush
Expires: March 13, 2020                        Internet Initiative Japan
                                                                 G. Geng
                                                                  J. Yao
                                                                   CNNIC
                                                      September 10, 2019


   Problem Statement and Considerations for ROAs issued with Multiple
                                Prefixes
                draft-yan-sidrops-roa-considerations-03

Abstract

   The address space holder needs to issue an ROA object when it
   authorizes one or more ASes to originate routes to multiple prefixes.
   During the process of ROA issuance, the address space holder needs to
   specify an origin AS for a list of IP prefixes.  Besides, the address
   space holder has a free choice to put multiple prefixes into a single
   ROA or issue separate ROAs for each prefix based on the current
   specification.  This memo analyzes and presents some operational
   problems which may be caused by the misconfigurations of ROAs
   containing multiple IP prefixes.  Some suggestions and considerations
   also have been proposed.

Status of This Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
   Task Force (IETF).  Note that other groups may also distribute
   working documents as Internet-Drafts.  The list of current Internet-
   Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

   Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
   and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
   time.  It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
   material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

   This Internet-Draft will expire on March 13, 2020.








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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   2
   2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   3.  Problem statement and Analysis  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   4.  Suggestions and Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   7.  Acknowledgements  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   8.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
     8.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
     8.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   5

1.  Introduction

   Route Origin Authorization (ROA) is a digitally signed object which
   is used to identify that a single AS has been authorized by the
   address space holder to originate routes to one or more prefixes
   within the address space[RFC6482].If the address space holder needs
   to authorize more than one ASes to advertise the same set of address
   prefixes, the holder must issue multiple ROAs, one per AS number.
   However, at present there are no mandatory requirements in any RFCs
   describing that the address space holders must issue a separate ROA
   for each prefix or a ROA for multiple prefixes.

   Each ROA contains an "asID" field and an "ipAddrBlocks" field.  The
   "asID" field contains one single AS number which is authorized to
   originate routes to the given IP address prefixes.  The
   "ipAddrBlocks" field contains one or more IP address prefixes to
   which the AS is authorized to originate the routes.  The ROAs with
   multiple prefixes is a common case that each ROA contains exactly one




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   AS number but may contain multiple IP address prefixes in the
   operational process of ROA issuance.

2.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

3.  Problem statement and Analysis

   As mentioned above, the address space holder needs to issue an ROA
   object when it authorizes one or more ASes to originate routes to
   multiple prefixes.  During the process of ROA issuance, the address
   space holder needs to specify an origin AS for a list of IP prefixes.
   Besides, the address space holder has a free choice to put multiple
   prefixes into a single ROA or issue separate ROAs for each prefix
   based on the current specification.

   In reality, the address space holders tend to issue each ROA object
   with fewer IP prefixes, but they still tend to put multiple prefixes
   into one single ROA.

   A large number of experiments for the process of ROA issuance have
   been made on our RPKI testbed, it is found that the misconfigurations
   during the issuance may cause the ROAs which have been issued to be
   revoked.

   Furthermore, for the ROA containing multiple prefixes, once increase
   or delete one <AS, ip_prefix> pair in it, this ROA will be reissued.
   Through sychronization with repository, RPs fetch a new ROA object
   and then notify and send all the <AS, ip_prefix> pairs in this ROA to
   BGP routers.  That is to say, the update of the ROA containing
   multiple IP address prefixes will lead to redundant transmission
   between RP and BGP routers . So frequent update of these ROAs will
   increase the convergency time of BGP routers and reduce their
   performance obviously.

4.  Suggestions and Considerations

   Based on the statistical and experimental analysis, following
   suggestions should be considered during the process of ROA issuance:

   1) The issuance of ROAs containing a large number of IP prefixes may
   lead to misconfigurations more easily than ROAs with fewer IP
   prefixes.





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   A ROA which contains a large number of IP prefixes is more vulnerable
   to misconfigurations, because any misconfiguration of these prefixes
   may cause the legitimate ROA to be revoked.  Besides, since the
   misconfigurations of ROAs containing a larger number of IP address
   prefixes may lead to much more serious consequences (a large-scale
   network interruption) than ROAs with fewer IP address prefixes, it is
   suggested to avoid issuing ROAs with a large number of IP address
   prefixes.

   2) The number of ROAs containing multiple IP prefixes should be
   limited and the number of IP prefixes in each ROA should also be
   limited.

   The extreme case (a single ROA can only contain one IP address
   prefix) may lead to too many ROA objects globally, which may in turn
   become a burden for RPs to synchronize and validate all these ROA
   objects with the fully deployment of RPKI.  So a tradeoff between the
   number of ROAs and the number of IP prefixes in a single ROA should
   be considered.

   3) A safeguard scheme is essential to protect the process of ROA
   issuance

   Considering the misconfigurations during the process of ROA issuance
   are inevitable and the serious consequences they may lead to, a
   safeguard scheme to protect and monitor the process of ROA issuance
   should be considered.

5.  Security Considerations

   TBD.

6.  IANA Considerations

   This document does not request any IANA action.

7.  Acknowledgements

   The authors would like to thanks the valuable comments made by
   members of sidrops WG.

   This document was produced using the xml2rfc tool [RFC2629].

8.  References







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8.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC6482]  Lepinski, M., Kent, S., and D. Kong, "A Profile for Route
              Origin Authorizations (ROAs)", RFC 6482,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6482, February 2012,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6482>.

8.2.  Informative References

   [RFC2629]  Rose, M., "Writing I-Ds and RFCs using XML", RFC 2629,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2629, June 1999,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2629>.

Authors' Addresses

   Zhiwei Yan
   CNNIC
   No.4 South 4th Street, Zhongguancun
   Beijing, 100190
   P.R. China

   Email: yanzhiwei@cnnic.cn


   Randy Bush
   Internet Initiative Japan

   Email: randy@psg.com


   Guanggang Geng
   CNNIC
   No.4 South 4th Street, Zhongguancun
   Beijing, 100190
   P.R. China

   Email: gengguanggang@cnnic.cn









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   Jiankang Yao
   CNNIC
   No.4 South 4th Street, Zhongguancun
   Beijing, 100190
   P.R. China

   Email: yaojk@cnnic.cn












































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