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INTERNET-DRAFT                                   Kurt D. Zeilenga
Intended Category: Experimental                  Isode Limited
Expires in six months                            13 July 2008



                       The LDAP Relax Rules Control
                    <draft-zeilenga-ldap-relax-03.txt>


Status of this Memo

  This document is intended to be, after appropriate review and
  revision, submitted to the RFC Editor for publication as an
  Experimental document.   Distribution of this memo is unlimited.
  Technical discussion of this document will take place on the IETF LDAP
  Extensions mailing list <ldapext@ietf.org>.  Please send editorial
  comments directly to the author <Kurt.Zeilenga@Isode.COM>.

  This document replaces draft-zeilenga-ldap-managedit-xx.txt.

  By submitting this Internet-Draft, each author represents that any
  applicable patent or other IPR claims of which he or she is aware have
  been or will be disclosed, and any of which he or she becomes aware
  will be disclosed, in accordance with Section 6 of BCP 79.

  Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task
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  Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2008).

  Please see the Full Copyright section near the end of this document
  for more information.





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Abstract

  This document defines the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP)
  Relax Rules Control which allows a directory user agent (a client) to
  request the directory service temporarily relax enforcement of various
  data and service model rules.


1.  Background and Intended Use

  Directory servers accessible via Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
  (LDAP) [RFC4510] are expected to act in accordance with the X.500
  [X.500] series of ITU-T Recommendations.  In particular, servers are
  expected to ensure the X.500 data and service models are not violated.

  An LDAP server is expected to prevent modification of the structural
  object class of an object [RFC4512].  That is, the X.500 models do not
  allow a 'person' object to be transformed into an
  'organizationalPerson' object through modification of the object.
  Instead, the 'person' object must be deleted and then a new
  'organizationalPerson' object created in its place.  This approach,
  aside from being inconvient, is problematic for a number reasons.
  First, as LDAP does not have a standardized method for performing the
  two operations in a single transaction, the intermediate directory
  state (after the delete, before the add) is visible to other clients,
  which may lead to undesirable client behavior.  Second, attributes
  such as 'entryUUID' [RFC4530] will reflect the object was replaced,
  not transformed.

  An LDAP server is expected to prevent clients from modifying values of
  NO-USER-MODIFICATION attributes [RFC4512].  For instance, an entry is
  not allowed to assign or modify the value of the 'entryUUID'
  attribute.  However, where an administrator is restoring a previously
  existing object, for instance when repartitioning data between
  directory servers or when migrating from one vendor server product to
  another, it may be desirable to allow the client to assign or modify
  the value of the 'entryUUID' attribute.

  This document defines the LDAP Relax Rules control.  This control may
  be attached to LDAP requests to update the Directory Information Tree
  (DIT) to request various data and service rules be temporarily relaxed
  during the performance of the requested DIT update.  The server is
  however to ensure the resulting directory state is valid.

  Use of this control is expected that use of this extension will be
  restricted by administrative and/or access controls.  It is intended
  to be used primarily by directory administrators.




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  This extension is considered experimental as it is not yet clear
  whether it adequately addresses directory administrators' needs for
  flexible mechanisms for managing directory objects.  It is hoped that
  after suitable amount of time, either this extension or a suitable
  replacement will be standardization.


1.1. Terminology

  Protocol elements are described using ASN.1 [X.680] with implicit
  tags.  The term "BER-encoded" means the element is to be encoded using
  the Basic Encoding Rules [X.690] under the restrictions detailed in
  Section 5.1 of [RFC4511].

  The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
  "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
  document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

  DSA stands for Directory System Agent, a server.  DSE stands for
  DSA-specific Entry.


2.  The Relax Rules Control

  The Relax Rules control is an LDAP Control [RFC4511] whose controlType
  is IANA-ASSIGNED-OID, controlValue is empty, and the criticality of
  TRUE.

  There is no corresponding response control.

  The control is appropriate for all LDAP update requests, including
  add, delete, modify, and modifyDN (rename) [RFC4511].

  The presence of the Rules Rules control in an LDAP update request
  indicates the server temporarily relax X.500 model contraints during
  performance of the directory update.

  The server may restrict use of this control and/or limit the extent of
  the relaxation provided based upon local policy or factors.

  The server is obligated to ensure the resulting directory state is
  consistent with the X.500 models.  For instance, the server ensure
  that values of attributes conform to the value syntax.

  It is noted that while this extension may be used to add or modify
  objects in a manner which violate the controlling subschema, the
  presence of objects in the DIT is not inconsistent with the X.500
  models.  For instance, an object created prior to establshment of a



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  DIT content rule may contain an attribute now precluded by the current
  controlling DIT Content Rule.

  Servers implementing this technical specification SHOULD publish the
  object identifier IANA-ASSIGNED-OID as a value of the
  'supportedControl' attribute [RFC4512] in their root DSE.  A server
  MAY choose to advertise this extension only when the client is
  authorized to use it.


3.  Use Cases

3.1. Object metamorphism

  In absence of this control, an attempt to modify an object's
  'objectClass' in a manner which cause a change in the structural
  object class of the object would normally lead to an
  objectClassModsProhibited error [RFC4511].  The presence of the Relax
  Rules control in the modify request requests the change be allowed.
  If the server is willing and able to allow the change in the
  structural object class of the object.

  For instance, to change an 'organization' object into an
  'organizationalUnit' object, a client could issue the following LDAP
  request:

      dn: o=Unit,dc=example,dc=net
      control: IANA-ASSIGNED-OID
      changetype: modify
      delete: objectClass
      objectClass: organization
      -
      add: objectClass
      objectClass: organizationalUnit
      -

  In this case, the server is expected to either effect the requested
  change in the structural object class, including updating of the value
  of the structural object class, or fail the operation.


3.2. Inactive Attribute Types

  In absence of the Relax Rules control, an attempt to add or modify
  values to an attribute whose type has been marked inactive in the
  controlling subschema (its attribute type description contains the
  OBSOLETE field) [RFC4512] normally results in a failure.




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  In the presence of the Relax Rules control, the server performs the
  update operation as if the attribute's type is marked active in the
  controlling subschema (its attribute type description does not contain
  the OBSOLETE field).


3.3. DIT Content Rules

  In absence of the Relax Rules control, an attempt to include the name
  (or OID) of an auxiliary class to an object's 'objectClass' which is
  not allowed by the controlling DIT Content Rule would be disallowed
  [RFC4512].   Additionally, an attempt to add values of an attribute
  not allowed (or explicitly precluded) by the DIT Content Rule would
  fail.

  In presence of the Relax Rules control, the server performs the update
  operation as if the controlling DIT Content Rule allowed any and all
  known auxiliary classses to be present and allowed any and all known
  attributes to be present (and precluded no attributes).


3.4. DIT Structure Rules and Name Forms

  In absence of the Relax Rules control, the service enforces DIT
  structure rules and name form requirements of the controlling
  subschema [RFC4512].

  In the presence of the Relax Rules control, the server performs the
  update operation ignoring all DIT structure rules and name forms in
  the controlling subschema.


3.5. Modification of Nonconformant Objects

  It is also noted that in absense of this control, modification of an
  object which presently violates the controlling subschema will fail
  unless the modification would result in the object conforming to the
  controlling subschema.  That is, modifications of an non-conformant
  object should result in a conformant object.

  In the presence of this control, modifications of a non-conformant
  object need not result in a conformant object.


3.6. NO-USER-MODIFICATION attribute modification

  In absence of this control, an attempt to modify values of a
  NO-USER-MODIFICATION attribute [RFC4512] would normally lead to a



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  constraintViolation or other appropriate error [RFC4511].  In the
  presence of the Relax Rules control in the update request requests the
  modification be allowed.

  Relaxation of the NO-USER-MODIFICATION constraint is not appropriate
  for some operational attribute types. For instance, as the value of
  the 'structuralObjectClass' is derived by the values of the
  'objectClass' attribute, the 'structuralObjectClass' attribute type's
  NO-USER-MODIFICATION contraint MUST NOT be relaxed.  To effect a
  change in the structuralObjectClass class, values of objectClass
  should be changed as discussed in Section 3.1.  Other attributes for
  which the NO-USER-MODIFICATION constraint should not be relaxed
  include 'subschemaSubentry' [RFC4512] and
  'collectiveAttributeSubentries' [RFC3671].

  The subsections of this section discuss modification of various
  operational attributes where their NO-USER-MODIFICATION constraint may
  be relaxed.  Future documents may specify where NO-USER-MODIFICATION
  constraints on other operational attribute may be relaxed.  In absence
  of a document detailing that the NO-USER-MODIFICATION constraint on a
  particular operational attribute may be relaxed, implementors SHOULD
  assume relaxation of the constraint is not appropriate for that
  attribute.


3.1.1. 'entryUUID' attribute

  To provide a value for the 'entryUUID' [RFC4530] attribute on entry
  creation, the client should issue an LDAP Add request with a Relax
  Rules control providing the desired value.  For instance:

      dn: ou=Unit,dc=example,dc=net
      control: IANA-ASSIGNED-OID
      changetype: add
      objectClass: organizationalUnit
      ou: Unit
      entryUUID: 597ae2f6-16a6-1027-98f4-d28b5365dc14

  In this case, the server is either to add the entry using the
  provided 'entryUUID' value or fail the request.

  To provide a replacement value for the 'entryUUID' after entry
  creation, the client should issue an LDAP Modify request with a
  Relax Rules control including an approrpiate change.  For instance:

      dn: ou=Unit,dc=example,dc=net
      control: IANA-ASSIGNED-OID
      changetype: modify



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      replace: entryUUID
      entryUUID: 597ae2f6-16a6-1027-98f4-d28b5365dc14
      -

  In this case, the server is either to replace the 'entryUUID' value
  as requested or fail the request.


3.2.2. createTimestamp

  To provide a value for the 'createTimestamp' [RFC4512] attribute
  on entry creation, the client should issue an LDAP Add request with
  a Relax Rules control providing the desired 'createTimestamp'
  value.  For instance:

      dn: ou=Unit,dc=example,dc=net
      control: IANA-ASSIGNED-OID
      changetype: add
      objectClass: organizationalUnit
      ou: Unit
      createTimestamp: 20060101000000Z

  In this case, the server is either to add the entry using the
  provided 'createTimestamp' value or fail the request.

  To provide a replacement value for the 'createTimestamp' after
  entry creation, the client should issue an LDAP Modify request with
  a Relax Rules control including an approrpiate change.  For instance:

      dn: ou=Unit,dc=example,dc=net
      control: IANA-ASSIGNED-OID
      changetype: modify
      replace: createTimestamp
      createTimestamp: 20060101000000Z
      -

  In this case, the server is either to replace the 'createTimestamp'
  value as requested or fail the request.

  The server should ensure the requested 'createTimestamp' value is
  appropriate.  In particular, it should fail the request if the
  requested 'createTimestamp' value is in the future or is greater
  than the value of the 'modifyTimestamp' attribute.


3.2.3. modifyTimestamp

  To provide a value for the 'modifyTimestamp' [RFC4512] attribute



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  on entry creation, the client should issue an LDAP Add request with
  a Relax Rules control providing the desired 'modifyTimestamp'
  value.  For instance:

      dn: ou=Unit,dc=example,dc=net
      control: IANA-ASSIGNED-OID
      changetype: add
      objectClass: organizationalUnit
      ou: Unit
      modifyTimestamp: 20060101000000Z

  In this case, the server is either to add the entry using
  the provided 'modifyTimestamp' value or fail the request.

  To provide a replacement value for the 'modifyTimestamp' after
  entry creation, the client should issue an LDAP Modify
  request with a Relax Rules control including an approrpiate
  change.  For instance:

      dn: ou=Unit,dc=example,dc=net
      control: IANA-ASSIGNED-OID
      changetype: modify
      replace: modifyTimestamp
      modifyTimestamp: 20060101000000Z
      -

  In this case, the server is either to replace the 'modifyTimestamp'
  value as requested or fail the request.

  The server should ensure the requested 'modifyTimestamp' value is
  appropriate.  In particular, it should fail the request if the
  requested 'modifyTimestamp' value is in the future or is less than
  the value of the 'createTimestamp' attribute.


  3.2.3. creatorsName and modifiersName

  To provide a value for the 'creatorsName' and/or 'modifiersName'
  [RFC4512] attribute on entry creation, the client should issue an
  LDAP Add request with a Relax Rules control providing the desired
  values.  For instance:

      dn: ou=Unit,dc=example,dc=net
      control: IANA-ASSIGNED-OID
      changetype: add
      objectClass: organizationalUnit
      ou: Unit
      creatorsName: cn=Jane Doe,dc=example,net



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      modifiersName: cn=Jane Doe,dc=example,net

  In this case, the server is either to add the entry using
  the provided values or fail the request.

  To provide a replacement values after entry creation for either of
  the 'creatorsName' or 'modifiersName' attributes or both, the
  client should issue an LDAP Modify request with a Relax Rules control
  including the approrpiate changes.  For instance:

      dn: ou=Unit,dc=example,dc=net
      control: IANA-ASSIGNED-OID
      changetype: modify
      replace: creatorsName
      creatorsName: cn=Jane Doe,dc=example,net
      -
      replace: modifiersName
      modifiersName: cn=Jane Doe,dc=example,net
      -

  In this case, the server is either to replace the provided
  values as requested or fail the request.


4.  Security Considerations

  Use of this extension should be subject to appropriate administrative
  and access controls.  Use of this mechanism is intended to be
  restricted to directory administrators.

  Security considerations for the base operations [RFC4511] extended
  by this control, as well as general LDAP security considerations
  [RFC4510], generally apply to implementation and use of this
  extension.


5.  IANA Considerations

5.1.  Object Identifier

  It is requested that the IANA assign a LDAP Object Identifier
  [RFC4520] to identify the LDAP Relax Rules Control defined in this
  document.

      Subject: Request for LDAP Object Identifier Registration
      Person & email address to contact for further information:
          Kurt Zeilenga <Kurt.Zeilenga@Isode.COM>
      Specification: RFC XXXX



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      Author/Change Controller: Kurt Zeilenga <Kurt.Zeilenga@Isode.COM>
      Comments: Identifies the LDAP Relax Rules Control

5.2  LDAP Protocol Mechanism

  Registration of this protocol mechanism [RFC4520] is requested.

      Subject: Request for LDAP Protocol Mechanism Registration
      Object Identifier: IANA-ASSIGNED-OID
      Description: Relax Rules Control
      Person & email address to contact for further information:
          Kurt Zeilenga <Kurt.Zeilenga@Isode.COM>
      Usage: Control
      Specification: RFC XXXX
      Author/Change Controller: Kurt Zeilenga <Kurt.Zeilenga@Isode.COM>
      Comments: none


6.  Author's Address

  Kurt D. Zeilenga
  Isode Limited

  Email: Kurt.Zeilenga@Isode.COM


7. References

  [[Note to the RFC Editor: please replace the citation tags used in
  referencing Internet-Drafts with tags of the form RFCnnnn where
  possible.]]


7.1. Normative References

  [RFC2119]     Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
                Requirement Levels", BCP 14 (also RFC 2119), March 1997.

  [RFC3671]     Zeilenga, K., "Collective Attributes in LDAP", RFC 3671,
                December 2003.

  [RFC4510]     Zeilenga, K. (editor), "LDAP: Technical Specification
                Road Map", RFC 4510, June 2006.

  [RFC4511]     Sermersheim, J. (editor), "LDAP: The Protocol", RFC
                4511, June 2006.

  [RFC4512]     Zeilenga, K. (editor), "LDAP: Directory Information



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                Models", RFC 4512, June 2006.

  [RFC4530]     Zeilenga, K., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
                (LDAP) entryUUID Operational Attribute", RFC 4530, June
                2006.

  [X.500]       International Telecommunication Union -
                Telecommunication Standardization Sector, "The Directory
                -- Overview of concepts, models and services,"
                X.500(1993) (also ISO/IEC 9594-1:1994).


7.2. Informative References

  [RFC4520]     Zeilenga, K., "Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
                (IANA) Considerations for the Lightweight Directory
                Access Protocol (LDAP)", RFC 4520, BCP 64, June 2006.



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Full Copyright




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  Copyright (C) The IETF Trust (2008).

  This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions
  contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors
  retain all their rights.

  This document and the information contained herein are provided on an
  "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS
  OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY, THE IETF TRUST AND
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  THE INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED
  WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.






































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