[Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-zeilenga-ld...] [Diff1] [Diff2] [Errata]

PROPOSED STANDARD
Errata Exist
Network Working Group                                   K. Zeilenga, Ed.
Request for Comments: 4524                           OpenLDAP Foundation
Obsoletes: 1274                                                June 2006
Updates: 2247, 2798
Category: Standards Track


                        COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema

Status of This Memo

   This document specifies an Internet standards track protocol for the
   Internet community, and requests discussion and suggestions for
   improvements.  Please refer to the current edition of the "Internet
   Official Protocol Standards" (STD 1) for the standardization state
   and status of this protocol.  Distribution of this memo is unlimited.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006).

Abstract

   This document provides a collection of schema elements for use with
   the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) from the COSINE and
   Internet X.500 pilot projects.

   This document obsoletes RFC 1274 and updates RFCs 2247 and 2798.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................3
      1.1. Relationship to Other Documents ............................3
      1.2. Terminology and Conventions ................................4
   2. COSINE Attribute Types ..........................................4
      2.1. associatedDomain ...........................................4
      2.2. associatedName .............................................5
      2.3. buildingName ...............................................5
      2.4. co .........................................................5
      2.5. documentAuthor .............................................6
      2.6. documentIdentifier .........................................6
      2.7. documentLocation ...........................................6
      2.8. documentPublisher ..........................................7
      2.9. documentTitle ..............................................7
      2.10. documentVersion ...........................................7
      2.11. drink .....................................................8
      2.12. homePhone .................................................8
      2.13. homePostalAddress .........................................8



Zeilenga                    Standards Track                     [Page 1]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


      2.14. host ......................................................9
      2.15. info ......................................................9
      2.16. mail ......................................................9
      2.17. manager ..................................................10
      2.18. mobile ...................................................10
      2.19. organizationalStatus .....................................11
      2.20. pager ....................................................11
      2.21. personalTitle ............................................11
      2.22. roomNumber ...............................................12
      2.23. secretary ................................................12
      2.24. uniqueIdentifier .........................................12
      2.25. userClass ................................................13
   3. COSINE Object Classes ..........................................13
      3.1. account ...................................................13
      3.2. document ..................................................14
      3.3. documentSeries ............................................14
      3.4. domain ....................................................15
      3.5. domainRelatedObject .......................................16
      3.6. friendlyCountry ...........................................16
      3.7. rFC822LocalPart ...........................................17
      3.8. room ......................................................18
      3.9. simpleSecurityObject ......................................18
   4. Security Considerations ........................................18
   5. IANA Considerations ............................................19
   6. Acknowledgements ...............................................20
   7. References .....................................................20
      7.1. Normative References ......................................20
      7.2. Informative References ....................................21
   Appendix A.  Changes since RFC 1274 ...............................23
      A.1.  LDAP Short Names .........................................23
      A.2.  pilotObject ..............................................23
      A.3.  pilotPerson ..............................................23
      A.4.  dNSDomain ................................................24
      A.5.  pilotDSA and qualityLabelledData .........................24
      A.6.  Attribute Syntaxes .......................................24
   Appendix B.  Changes since RFC 2247 ...............................24















Zeilenga                    Standards Track                     [Page 2]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


1.  Introduction

   In the late 1980s, X.500 Directory Services were standardized by the
   CCITT (Commite' Consultatif International de Telegraphique et
   Telephonique), now a part of the ITU (International Telephone Union).
   This lead to Directory Service piloting activities in the early
   1990s, including the COSINE (Co-operation and Open Systems
   Interconnection in Europe) PARADISE Project pilot [COSINEpilot] in
   Europe.  Motivated by needs for large-scale directory pilots, RFC
   1274 was published to standardize the directory schema and naming
   architecture for use in the COSINE and other Internet X.500 pilots
   [RFC1274].

   In the years that followed, X.500 Directory Services have evolved to
   incorporate new capabilities and even new protocols.  In particular,
   the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) [RFC4510] was
   introduced in the early 1990s [RFC1487], with Version 3 of LDAP
   introduced in the late 1990s [RFC2251] and subsequently revised in
   2005 [RFC4510].

   While much of the material in RFC 1274 has been superceded by
   subsequently published ITU-T Recommendations and IETF RFCs, many of
   the schema elements lack standardized schema descriptions for use in
   modern X.500 and LDAP directory services despite the fact that these
   schema elements are in wide use today.  As the old schema
   descriptions cannot be used without adaptation, interoperability
   issues may arise due to lack of standardized modern schema
   descriptions.

   This document addresses these issues by offering standardized schema
   descriptions, where needed, for widely used COSINE schema elements.

1.1.  Relationship to Other Documents

   This document, together with [RFC4519] and [RFC4517], obsoletes RFC
   1274 in its entirety.  [RFC4519] replaces Sections 9.3.1 (Userid) and
   9.3.21 (Domain Component) of RFC 1274.  [RFC4517] replaces Section
   9.4 (Generally useful syntaxes) of RFC 1274.

   This document replaces the remainder of RFC 1274.  Appendix A
   discusses changes since RFC 1274, as well as why certain schema
   elements were not brought forward in this revision of the COSINE
   schema.  All elements not brought are to be regarded as Historic.

   The description of the 'domain' object class provided in this
   document supercedes that found in RFC 2247.  That is, Section 3.4 of
   this document replaces Section 5.2 of [RFC2247].




Zeilenga                    Standards Track                     [Page 3]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


   Some of the schema elements specified here were described in RFC 2798
   (inetOrgPerson schema).  This document supersedes these descriptions.
   This document, together with [RFC4519], replaces Section 9.1.3 of RFC
   2798.

1.2.  Terminology and Conventions

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in BCP 14 [RFC2119].

   DIT stands for Directory Information Tree.
   DN stands for Distinguished Name.
   DSA stands for Directory System Agent, a server.
   DSE stands for DSA-Specific Entry.
   DUA stands for Directory User Agent, a client.

   These terms are discussed in [RFC4512].

   Schema definitions are provided using LDAP description formats
   [RFC4512].  Definitions provided here are formatted (line wrapped)
   for readability.

2.  COSINE Attribute Types

   This section details COSINE attribute types for use in LDAP.

2.1.  associatedDomain

   The 'associatedDomain' attribute specifies DNS [RFC1034][RFC2181]
   host names [RFC1123] that are associated with an object.   That is,
   values of this attribute should conform to the following ABNF:

    domain = root / label *( DOT label )
    root   = SPACE
    label  = LETDIG [ *61( LETDIG / HYPHEN ) LETDIG ]
    LETDIG = %x30-39 / %x41-5A / %x61-7A ; "0" - "9" / "A"-"Z" / "a"-"z"
    SPACE  = %x20                        ; space (" ")
    HYPHEN = %x2D                        ; hyphen ("-")
    DOT    = %x2E                        ; period (".")

   For example, the entry in the DIT with a DN <DC=example,DC=com> might
   have an associated domain of "example.com".

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.37 NAME 'associatedDomain'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreIA5SubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26 )



Zeilenga                    Standards Track                     [Page 4]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


   The IA5String (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreIA5Match' and 'caseIgnoreIA5SubstringsMatch' rules are
   described in [RFC4517].

   Note that the directory will not ensure that values of this attribute
   conform to the <domain> production provided above.  It is the
   application's responsibility to ensure that domains it stores in this
   attribute are appropriately represented.

   Also note that applications supporting Internationalized Domain Names
   SHALL use the ToASCII method [RFC3490] to produce <label> components
   of the <domain> production.

2.2.  associatedName

   The 'associatedName' attribute specifies names of entries in the
   organizational DIT associated with a DNS domain [RFC1034][RFC2181].

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.38 NAME 'associatedName'
        EQUALITY distinguishedNameMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12 )

   The DistinguishedName (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12) syntax and the
   'distinguishedNameMatch' rule are described in [RFC4517].

2.3.  buildingName

   The 'buildingName' attribute specifies names of the buildings where
   an organization or organizational unit is based, for example, "The
   White House".

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.48 NAME 'buildingName'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )

   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.4.  co

   The 'co' (Friendly Country Name) attribute specifies names of
   countries in human-readable format, for example, "Germany" and
   "Federal Republic of Germany".  It is commonly used in conjunction
   with the 'c' (Country Name) [RFC4519] attribute (whose values are
   restricted to the two-letter codes defined in [ISO3166]).




Zeilenga                    Standards Track                     [Page 5]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.43 NAME 'co'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15 )

   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.5.  documentAuthor

   The 'documentAuthor' attribute specifies the distinguished names of
   authors (or editors) of a document.  For example,

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.14 NAME 'documentAuthor'
        EQUALITY distinguishedNameMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12 )

   The DistinguishedName (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12) syntax and the
   'distinguishedNameMatch' rule are described in [RFC4517].

2.6.  documentIdentifier

   The 'documentIdentifier' attribute specifies unique identifiers for a
   document.  A document may be identified by more than one unique
   identifier.  For example, RFC 3383 and BCP 64 are unique identifiers
   that (presently) refer to the same document.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.11 NAME 'documentIdentifier'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )

   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.7.  documentLocation

   The 'documentLocation' attribute specifies locations of the document
   original.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.15 NAME 'documentLocation'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )





Zeilenga                    Standards Track                     [Page 6]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.8.  documentPublisher

   The 'documentPublisher' attribute is the persons and/or organizations
   that published the document.  Documents that are jointly published
   have one value for each publisher.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.56 NAME 'documentPublisher'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15 )

   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.9.  documentTitle

   The 'documentTitle' attribute specifies the titles of a document.
   Multiple values are allowed to accommodate both long and short
   titles, or other situations where a document has multiple titles, for
   example, "The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol Technical
   Specification" and "The LDAP Technical Specification".

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.12 NAME 'documentTitle'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )

   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.10.  documentVersion

   The 'documentVersion' attribute specifies the version information of
   a document.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.13 NAME 'documentVersion'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )






Zeilenga                    Standards Track                     [Page 7]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.11.  drink

   The 'drink' (favoriteDrink) attribute specifies the favorite drinks
   of an object (or person), for instance, "cola" and "beer".

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.5 NAME 'drink'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )

   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.12.  homePhone

   The 'homePhone' (Home Telephone Number) attribute specifies home
   telephone numbers (e.g., "+1 775 555 1234") associated with a person.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.20 NAME 'homePhone'
        EQUALITY telephoneNumberMatch
        SUBSTR telephoneNumberSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.50 )

   The telephoneNumber (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.50) syntax and the
   'telephoneNumberMatch' and 'telephoneNumberSubstringsMatch' rules are
   described in [RFC4517].

2.13.  homePostalAddress

   The 'homePostalAddress' attribute specifies home postal addresses for
   an object.  Each value should be limited to up to 6 directory strings
   of 30 characters each.  (Note: It is not intended that the directory
   service enforce these limits.)

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.39 NAME 'homePostalAddress'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreListMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreListSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.41 )

   The PostalAddress (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.41) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreListMatch' and 'caseIgnoreListSubstringsMatch' rules are
   described in [RFC4517].




Zeilenga                    Standards Track                     [Page 8]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


2.14.  host

   The 'host' attribute specifies host computers, generally by their
   primary fully qualified domain name (e.g., my-host.example.com).

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.9 NAME 'host'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )

   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.15.  info

   The 'info' attribute specifies any general information pertinent to
   an object.  This information is not necessarily descriptive of the
   object.

   Applications should not attach specific semantics to values of this
   attribute.  The 'description' attribute [RFC4519] is available for
   specifying descriptive information pertinent to an object.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.4 NAME 'info'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{2048} )

   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.16.  mail

   The 'mail' (rfc822mailbox) attribute type holds Internet mail
   addresses in Mailbox [RFC2821] form (e.g., user@example.com).

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.3 NAME 'mail'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreIA5Match
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreIA5SubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26{256} )

   The IA5String (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.26) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreIA5Match' and 'caseIgnoreIA5SubstringsMatch' rules are
   described in [RFC4517].





Zeilenga                    Standards Track                     [Page 9]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


   Note that the directory will not ensure that values of this attribute
   conform to the <Mailbox> production [RFC2821].  It is the
   application's responsibility to ensure that domains it stores in this
   attribute are appropriately represented.

   Additionally, the directory will compare values per the matching
   rules named in the above attribute type description.  As these rules
   differ from rules that normally apply to <Mailbox> comparisons,
   operational issues may arise.  For example, the assertion
   (mail=joe@example.com) will match "JOE@example.com" even though the
   <local-parts> differ.  Also, where a user has two <Mailbox>es whose
   addresses differ only by case of the <local-part>, both cannot be
   listed as values of the user's mail attribute (as they are considered
   equal by the 'caseIgnoreIA5Match' rule).

   Also note that applications supporting internationalized domain names
   SHALL use the ToASCII method [RFC3490] to produce <sub-domain>
   components of the <Mailbox> production.

2.17.  manager

   The 'manager' attribute specifies managers, by distinguished name, of
   the person (or entity).

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.10 NAME 'manager'
        EQUALITY distinguishedNameMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12 )

   The DistinguishedName (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12) syntax and the
   'distinguishedNameMatch' rule are described in [RFC4517].

2.18.  mobile

   The 'mobile' (mobileTelephoneNumber) attribute specifies mobile
   telephone numbers (e.g., "+1 775 555 6789") associated with a person
   (or entity).

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.41 NAME 'mobile'
        EQUALITY telephoneNumberMatch
        SUBSTR telephoneNumberSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.50 )

   The telephoneNumber (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.50) syntax and the
   'telephoneNumberMatch' and 'telephoneNumberSubstringsMatch' rules are
   described in [RFC4517].






Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 10]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


2.19.  organizationalStatus

   The 'organizationalStatus' attribute specifies categories by which a
   person is often referred to in an organization.  Examples of usage in
   academia might include "undergraduate student", "researcher",
   "professor", and "staff".  Multiple values are allowed where the
   person is in multiple categories.

   Directory administrators and application designers SHOULD consider
   carefully the distinctions between this and the 'title' and
   'userClass' attributes.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.45 NAME 'organizationalStatus'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )

   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.20.  pager

   The 'pager' (pagerTelephoneNumber) attribute specifies pager
   telephone numbers (e.g., "+1 775 555 5555") for an object.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.42 NAME 'pager'
        EQUALITY telephoneNumberMatch
        SUBSTR telephoneNumberSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.50 )

   The telephoneNumber (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.50) syntax and the
   'telephoneNumberMatch' and 'telephoneNumberSubstringsMatch' rules are
   described in [RFC4517].

2.21.  personalTitle

   The 'personalTitle' attribute specifies personal titles for a person.
   Examples of personal titles are "Frau", "Dr.", "Herr", and
   "Professor".

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.40 NAME 'personalTitle'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )






Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 11]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.22.  roomNumber

   The 'roomNumber' attribute specifies the room number of an object.
   During periods of renumbering, or in other circumstances where a room
   has multiple valid room numbers associated with it, multiple values
   may be provided.  Note that the 'cn' (commonName) attribute type
   SHOULD be used for naming room objects.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.6 NAME 'roomNumber'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )

   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

2.23.  secretary

   The 'secretary' attribute specifies secretaries and/or administrative
   assistants, by distinguished name.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.21 NAME 'secretary'
        EQUALITY distinguishedNameMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12 )

   The DistinguishedName (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.12) syntax and the
   'distinguishedNameMatch' rule are described in [RFC4517].

2.24.  uniqueIdentifier

   The 'uniqueIdentifier' attribute specifies a unique identifier for an
   object represented in the Directory.  The domain within which the
   identifier is unique and the exact semantics of the identifier are
   for local definition.  For a person, this might be an institution-
   wide payroll number.  For an organizational unit, it might be a
   department code.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.44 NAME 'uniqueIdentifier'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )





Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 12]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

   Note: X.520 also describes an attribute called 'uniqueIdentifier'
         (2.5.4.45), which is called 'x500UniqueIdentifier' in LDAP
         [RFC4519].  The attribute detailed here ought not be confused
         with 'x500UniqueIdentifier'.

2.25.  userClass

   The 'userClass' attribute specifies categories of computer or
   application user.  The semantics placed on this attribute are for
   local interpretation.  Examples of current usage of this attribute in
   academia are "student", "staff", and "faculty".  Note that the
   'organizationalStatus' attribute type is now often preferred, as it
   makes no distinction between persons as opposed to users.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.8 NAME 'userClass'
        EQUALITY caseIgnoreMatch
        SUBSTR caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch
        SYNTAX 1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15{256} )

   The DirectoryString (1.3.6.1.4.1.1466.115.121.1.15) syntax and the
   'caseIgnoreMatch' and 'caseIgnoreSubstringsMatch' rules are described
   in [RFC4517].

3.  COSINE Object Classes

   This section details COSINE object classes for use in LDAP.

3.1.  account

   The 'account' object class is used to define entries representing
   computer accounts.  The 'uid' attribute SHOULD be used for naming
   entries of this object class.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.5 NAME 'account'
        SUP top STRUCTURAL
        MUST uid
        MAY ( description $ seeAlso $ l $ o $ ou $ host ) )

   The 'top' object class is described in [RFC4512].  The 'description',
   'seeAlso', 'l', 'o', 'ou', and 'uid' attribute types are described in
   [RFC4519].  The 'host' attribute type is described in Section 2 of
   this document.





Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 13]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


   3.3.  documentSeriesExample:

      dn: uid=kdz,cn=Accounts,dc=Example,dc=COM
      objectClass: account
      uid: kdz
      seeAlso: cn=Kurt D. Zeilenga,cn=Persons,dc=Example,dc=COM

3.2.  document

   The 'document' object class is used to define entries that represent
   documents.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.6 NAME 'document'
        SUP top STRUCTURAL
        MUST documentIdentifier
        MAY ( cn $ description $ seeAlso $ l $ o $ ou $
          documentTitle $ documentVersion $ documentAuthor $
          documentLocation $ documentPublisher ) )

   The 'top' object class is described in [RFC4512].  The 'cn',
   'description', 'seeAlso', 'l', 'o', and 'ou' attribute types are
   described in [RFC4519].  The 'documentIdentifier', 'documentTitle',
   'documentVersion', 'documentAuthor', 'documentLocation', and
   'documentPublisher' attribute types are described in Section 2 of
   this document.

   Example:

      dn: documentIdentifier=RFC 4524,cn=RFC,dc=Example,dc=COM
      objectClass: document
      documentIdentifier: RFC 4524
      documentTitle: COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema
      documentAuthor: cn=Kurt D. Zeilenga,cn=Persons,dc=Example,dc=COM
      documentLocation: http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfc4524.txt
      documentPublisher: Internet Engineering Task Force
      description: A collection of schema elements for use in LDAP
      description: Obsoletes RFC 1274
      seeAlso: documentIdentifier=RFC 4510,cn=RFC,dc=Example,dc=COM
      seeAlso: documentIdentifier=RFC 1274,cn=RFC,dc=Example,dc=COM

3.3.  documentSeries

   The 'documentSeries' object class is used to define an entry that
   represents a series of documents (e.g., The Request For Comments
   memos).






Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 14]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.9 NAME 'documentSeries'
        SUP top STRUCTURAL
        MUST cn
        MAY ( description $ l $ o $ ou $ seeAlso $
          telephonenumber ) )

   The 'top' object class is described in [RFC4512].  The 'description',
   'l', 'o', 'ou', 'seeAlso', and 'telephoneNumber' attribute types are
   described in [RFC4519].

   Example:

      dn: cn=RFC,dc=Example,dc=COM
      objectClass: documentSeries
      cn: Request for Comments
      cn: RFC
      description: a series of memos about the Internet

3.4.  domain

   The 'domain' object class is used to define entries that represent
   DNS domains for objects that are not organizations, organizational
   units, or other kinds of objects more appropriately defined using an
   object class specific to the kind of object being defined (e.g.,
   'organization', 'organizationUnit').

   The 'dc' attribute should be used for naming entries of the 'domain'
   object class.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.13 NAME 'domain'
        SUP top STRUCTURAL
        MUST dc
        MAY ( userPassword $ searchGuide $ seeAlso $ businessCategory $
          x121Address $ registeredAddress $ destinationIndicator $
          preferredDeliveryMethod $ telexNumber $
          teletexTerminalIdentifier $ telephoneNumber $
          internationaliSDNNumber $ facsimileTelephoneNumber $ street $
          postOfficeBox $ postalCode $ postalAddress $
          physicalDeliveryOfficeName $ st $ l $ description $ o $
          associatedName ) )

   The 'top' object class and the 'dc', 'userPassword', 'searchGuide',
   'seeAlso', 'businessCategory', 'x121Address', 'registeredAddress',
   'destinationIndicator', 'preferredDeliveryMethod', 'telexNumber',
   'teletexTerminalIdentifier', 'telephoneNumber',
   'internationaliSDNNumber', 'facsimileTelephoneNumber', 'street',
   'postOfficeBox', 'postalCode', 'postalAddress',
   'physicalDeliveryOfficeName', 'st', 'l', 'description', and 'o' types



Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 15]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


   are described in [RFC4519].  The 'associatedName' attribute type is
   described in Section 2 of this document.

   Example:

      dn: dc=com
      objectClass: domain
      dc: com
      description: the .COM TLD

3.5.  domainRelatedObject

   The 'domainRelatedObject' object class is used to define entries that
   represent DNS domains that are "equivalent" to an X.500 domain, e.g.,
   an organization or organizational unit.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.17 NAME 'domainRelatedObject'
        SUP top AUXILIARY
        MUST associatedDomain )

   The 'top' object class is described in [RFC4512].  The
   'associatedDomain' attribute type is described in Section 2 of this
   document.

   Example:

      dn: dc=example,dc=com
      objectClass: organization
      objectClass: dcObject
      objectClass: domainRelatedObject
      dc: example
      associatedDomain: example.com
      o: Example Organization

   The 'organization' and 'dcObject' object classes and the 'dc' and 'o'
   attribute types are described in [RFC4519].

3.6.  friendlyCountry

   The 'friendlyCountry' object class is used to define entries
   representing countries in the DIT.  The object class is used to allow
   friendlier naming of countries than that allowed by the object class
   'country' [RFC4519].

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.18 NAME 'friendlyCountry'
        SUP country STRUCTURAL
        MUST co )




Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 16]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


   The 'country' object class is described in [RFC4519].  The 'co'
   attribute type is described in Section 2 of this document.

   Example:

      dn: c=DE
      objectClass: country
      objectClass: friendlyCountry
      c: DE
      co: Deutschland
      co: Germany
      co: Federal Republic of Germany
      co: FRG

   The 'c' attribute type is described in [RFC4519].

3.7.  rFC822LocalPart

   The 'rFC822LocalPart' object class is used to define entries that
   represent the local part of Internet mail addresses [RFC2822].  This
   treats the local part of the address as a 'domain' object.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.14 NAME 'rFC822localPart'
        SUP domain STRUCTURAL
        MAY ( cn $ description $ destinationIndicator $
          facsimileTelephoneNumber $ internationaliSDNNumber $
          physicalDeliveryOfficeName $ postalAddress $ postalCode $
          postOfficeBox $ preferredDeliveryMethod $ registeredAddress $
          seeAlso $ sn $ street $ telephoneNumber $
          teletexTerminalIdentifier $ telexNumber $ x121Address ) )

   The 'domain' object class is described in Section 3.4 of this
   document.  The 'cn', 'description', 'destinationIndicator',
   'facsimileTelephoneNumber', 'internationaliSDNNumber,
   'physicalDeliveryOfficeName', 'postalAddress', 'postalCode',
   'postOfficeBox', 'preferredDeliveryMethod', 'registeredAddress',
   'seeAlso', 'sn, 'street', 'telephoneNumber',
   'teletexTerminalIdentifier', 'telexNumber', and 'x121Address'
   attribute types are described in [RFC4519].

   Example:

      dn: dc=kdz,dc=example,dc=com
      objectClass: domain
      objectClass: rFC822LocalPart
      dc: kdz
      associatedName: cn=Kurt D. Zeilenga,cn=Persons,dc=Example,dc=COM




Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 17]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


   The 'dc' attribute type is described in [RFC4519].

3.8.  room

   The 'room' object class is used to define entries representing rooms.
   The 'cn' (commonName) attribute SHOULD be used for naming entries of
   this object class.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.7 NAME 'room'
        SUP top STRUCTURAL
        MUST cn
        MAY ( roomNumber $ description $ seeAlso $ telephoneNumber ) )

   The 'top' object class is described in [RFC4512].  The 'cn',
   'description', 'seeAlso', and 'telephoneNumber' attribute types are
   described in [RFC4519].  The 'roomNumber' attribute type is described
   in Section 2 of this document.

      dn: cn=conference room,dc=example,dc=com
      objectClass: room
      cn: conference room
      telephoneNumber: +1 755 555 1111

3.9.  simpleSecurityObject

   The 'simpleSecurityObject' object class is used to require an entry
   to have a 'userPassword' attribute when the entry's structural object
   class does not require (or allow) the 'userPassword attribute'.

      ( 0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.19 NAME 'simpleSecurityObject'
        SUP top AUXILIARY
        MUST userPassword )

   The 'top' object class is described in [RFC4512].  The 'userPassword'
   attribute type is described in [RFC4519].

      dn: dc=kdz,dc=Example,dc=COM
      objectClass: account
      objectClass: simpleSecurityObject
      uid: kdz
      userPassword: My Password
      seeAlso: cn=Kurt D. Zeilenga,cn=Persons,dc=Example,dc=COM

4.  Security Considerations

   General LDAP security considerations [RFC4510] are applicable to the
   use of this schema.  Additional considerations are noted above where
   appropriate.



Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 18]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


   Directories administrators should ensure that access to sensitive
   information be restricted to authorized entities and that appropriate
   data security services, including data integrity and data
   confidentiality, are used to protect against eavesdropping.

   Simple authentication (e.g., plain text passwords) mechanisms should
   only be used when adequate data security services are in place.  LDAP
   offers reasonably strong authentication and data security services
   [RFC4513].

5.  IANA Considerations

   The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) has updated the LDAP
   descriptors registry [RFC4520] as indicated in the following
   template:

      Subject: Request for LDAP Descriptor Registration Update
      Descriptor (short name): see comment
      Object Identifier: see comments
      Person & email address to contact for further information:
          Kurt Zeilenga <kurt@OpenLDAP.org>
      Usage: see comments
      Specification: RFC 4524
      Author/Change Controller: IESG
      Comments:

      The following descriptors have been updated to refer to RFC 4524.

        NAME                           Type OID
        ------------------------       ---- --------------------------
        account                        O    0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.5
        associatedDomain               A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.37
        associatedName                 A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.38
        buildingName                   A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.48
        co                             A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.43
        document                       O    0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.6
        documentAuthor                 A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.14
        documentIdentifier             A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.11
        documentLocation               A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.15
        documentPublisher              A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.56
        documentSeries                 O    0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.8
        documentTitle                  A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.12
        documentVersion                A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.13
        domain                         O    0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.13
        domainRelatedObject            O    0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.17
        drink                          A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.5
        favouriteDrink                 A*   0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.5
        friendlyCountry                O    0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.18



Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 19]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


        friendlyCountryName            A*   0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.43
        homePhone                      A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.20
        homePostalAddress              A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.39
        homeTelephone                  A*   0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.20
        host                           A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.9
        info                           A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.4
        mail                           A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.3
        manager                        A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.10
        mobile                         A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.41
        mobileTelephoneNumber          A*   0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.41
        organizationalStatus           A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.45
        pager                          A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.42
        pagerTelephoneNumber           A*   0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.42
        personalTitle                  A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.40
        rFC822LocalPart                O    0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.14
        rfc822Mailbox                  A*   0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.3
        room                           O    0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.7
        roomNumber                     A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.6
        secretary                      A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.21
        simpleSecurityObject           O    0.9.2342.19200300.100.4.19
        singleLevelQuality             A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.50
        uniqueIdentifier               A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.44
        userClass                      A    0.9.2342.19200300.100.1.8

      where Type A is Attribute, Type O is ObjectClass, and *
      indicates that the registration is historic in nature.

6.  Acknowledgements

   This document is based on RFC 1274, by Paul Barker and Steve Kille,
   as well as on RFC 2247, by Steve Kill, Mark Wahl, Al Grimstad, Rick
   Huber, and Sri Satulari.

7.  References

7.1.  Normative References

   [RFC1034]     Mockapetris, P., "Domain names - concepts and
                 facilities", STD 13, RFC 1034, November 1987.

   [RFC1123]     Braden, R., "Requirements for Internet Hosts -
                 Application and Support", STD 3, RFC 1123, October
                 1989.

   [RFC2119]     Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
                 Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.





Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 20]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


   [RFC2181]     Elz, R. and R. Bush, "Clarifications to the DNS
                 Specification", RFC 2181, July 1997.

   [RFC2247]     Kille, S., Wahl, M., Grimstad, A., Huber, R., and S.
                 Sataluri, "Using Domains in LDAP/X.500 Distinguished
                 Names", RFC 2247, January 1998.

   [RFC2821]     Klensin, J., Ed., "Simple Mail Transfer Protocol", RFC
                 2821, April 2001.

   [RFC2822]     Resnick, P., "Internet Message Format", RFC 2822, April
                 2001.

   [RFC3490]     Faltstrom, P., Hoffman, P., and A. Costello,
                 "Internationalizing Domain Names in Applications
                 (IDNA)", RFC 3490, March 2003.

   [RFC4510]     Zeilenga, K., Ed.,  "Lightweight Directory Access
                 Protocol (LDAP): Technical Specification Road Map", RFC
                 4510, June 2006.

   [RFC4512]     Zeilenga, K., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
                 (LDAP): Directory Information Models", RFC 4512, June
                 2006.

   [RFC4513]     Harrison, R., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
                 (LDAP): Authentication Methods and Security
                 Mechanisms", RFC 4513, June 2006.

   [RFC4517]     Legg, S., Ed., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
                 (LDAP): Syntaxes and Matching Rules", RC 4517, June
                 2006.

   [RFC4519]     Sciberras, A., Ed., "Lightweight Directory Access
                 Protocol (LDAP): Schema for User Applications", RFC
                 4519, June 2006.

   [X.501]       International Telecommunication Union -
                 Telecommunication Standardization Sector, "The
                 Directory -- Models," X.501(1993) (also ISO/IEC 9594-
                 2:1994).

7.2.  Informative References

   [COSINEpilot] Goodman, D., "PARADISE" section of the March 1991
                 INTERNET MONTHLY REPORTS (p. 28-29),
                 http://www.iana.org/periodic-reports/imr-mar91.txt




Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 21]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


   [ISO3166]     International Organization for Standardization, "Codes
                 for the representation of names of countries", ISO
                 3166.

   [RFC1274]     Barker, P. and S. Kille, "The COSINE and Internet X.500
                 Schema", RFC 1274, November 1991.

   [RFC1279]     Hardcastle-Kille, S., "X.500 and Domains", RFC 1279,
                 November 1991.

   [RFC1487]     Yeong, W., Howes, T., and S. Kille, "X.500 Lightweight
                 Directory Access Protocol", RFC 1487, July 1993.

   [RFC2251]     Wahl, M., Howes, T., and S. Kille, "Lightweight
                 Directory Access Protocol (v3)", RFC 2251, December
                 1997.

   [RFC2798]     Smith, M., "Definition of the inetOrgPerson LDAP Object
                 Class", RFC 2798, April 2000.

   [RFC3494]     Zeilenga, K., "Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
                 version 2 (LDAPv2) to Historic Status", RFC 3494, March
                 2003.

   [RFC4520]     Zeilenga, K., "Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
                 (IANA) Considerations for the Lightweight Directory
                 Access Protocol (LDAP)", BCP 64, RFC 4520.
























Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 22]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


Appendix A.  Changes since RFC 1274

   This document represents a substantial rewrite of RFC 1274.  The
   following sections summarize the substantive changes.

A.1.  LDAP Short Names

   A number of COSINE attribute types have short names in LDAP.

      X.500 Name              LDAP Short Name
      -------------           ---------------
      domainComponent         dc
      favoriteDrink           drink
      friendCountryName       co
      homeTelephoneNumber     homePhone
      mobileTelephoneNumber   mobile
      pagerTelephoneNumber    pager
      rfc822Mailbox           mail
      userid                  uid

   While the LDAP short names are generally used in LDAP, some
   implementations may (for legacy reasons [RFC3494]) recognize the
   attribute type by its X.500 name.  Hence, the X.500 names have been
   reserved solely for this purpose.

   Note: 'uid' and 'dc' are described in [RFC4519].

A.2.  pilotObject

   The 'pilotObject' object class was not brought forward as its
   function is largely replaced by operational attributes introduced in
   X.500(93) [X.501] and version 3 of LDAP [RFC4512].  For instance, the
   function of the 'lastModifiedBy' and 'lastModifiedTime' attribute
   types is now served by the 'creatorsName', 'createTimestamp',
   'modifiersName', and 'modifyTimestamp' operational attributes
   [RFC4512].

A.3.  pilotPerson

   The 'pilotPerson' object class was not brought forward as its
   function is largely replaced by the 'organizationalPerson' [RFC4512]
   object class and its subclasses, such as 'inetOrgPerson' [RFC2798].

   Most of the related attribute types (e.g., 'mail', 'manager') were
   brought forward as they are used in other object classes.






Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 23]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


A.4.  dNSDomain

   The 'dNSDomain' object class and related attribute types were not
   brought forward as its use is primarily experimental [RFC1279].

A.5.  pilotDSA and qualityLabelledData

   The 'pilotDSA' and 'qualityLabelledData' object classes, as well as
   related attribute types, were not brought forward as its use is
   primarily experimental [QoS].

A.6.  Attribute Syntaxes

   RFC 1274 defined and used caseIgnoreIA5StringSyntax attribute syntax.
   This has been replaced with the IA5String syntax and appropriate
   matching rules in 'mail' and 'associatedDomain'.

   RFC 1274 restricted 'mail' to have non-zero length values.  This
   restriction is not reflected in the IA5String syntax used in the
   definitions provided in this specification.  However, as values are
   to conform to the <Mailbox> production, the 'mail' should not contain
   zero-length values.  Unfortunately, the directory service will not
   enforce this restriction.

Appendix B.  Changes since RFC 2247

   The 'domainNameForm' name form was not brought forward as
   specification of name forms used in LDAP is left to a future
   specification.

Editor's Address

   Kurt D. Zeilenga
   OpenLDAP Foundation

   EMail: Kurt@OpenLDAP.org















Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 24]

RFC 4524                COSINE LDAP/X.500 Schema               June 2006


Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006).

   This document is subject to the rights, licenses and restrictions
   contained in BCP 78, and except as set forth therein, the authors
   retain all their rights.

   This document and the information contained herein are provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE CONTRIBUTOR, THE ORGANIZATION HE/SHE REPRESENTS
   OR IS SPONSORED BY (IF ANY), THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET
   ENGINEERING TASK FORCE DISCLAIM ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
   INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE
   INFORMATION HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED
   WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.

Intellectual Property

   The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any
   Intellectual Property Rights or other rights that might be claimed to
   pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in
   this document or the extent to which any license under such rights
   might or might not be available; nor does it represent that it has
   made any independent effort to identify any such rights.  Information
   on the procedures with respect to rights in RFC documents can be
   found in BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Copies of IPR disclosures made to the IETF Secretariat and any
   assurances of licenses to be made available, or the result of an
   attempt made to obtain a general license or permission for the use of
   such proprietary rights by implementers or users of this
   specification can be obtained from the IETF on-line IPR repository at
   http://www.ietf.org/ipr.

   The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any
   copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary
   rights that may cover technology that may be required to implement
   this standard.  Please address the information to the IETF at
   ietf-ipr@ietf.org.

Acknowledgement

   Funding for the RFC Editor function is provided by the IETF
   Administrative Support Activity (IASA).







Zeilenga                    Standards Track                    [Page 25]


Html markup produced by rfcmarkup 1.107, available from http://tools.ietf.org/tools/rfcmarkup/