[Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-ietf-mpls-p...] [Diff1] [Diff2]

PROPOSED STANDARD

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                        Y. Rekhter
Request for Comments: 7442                              Juniper Networks
Category: Standards Track                                    R. Aggarwal
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                   Arktan
                                                              N. Leymann
                                                        Deutsche Telekom
                                                           W. Henderickx
                                                          Alcatel-Lucent
                                                                 Q. Zhao
                                                                   R. Li
                                                                  Huawei
                                                           February 2015


     Carrying Protocol Independent Multicast - Sparse Mode (PIM-SM)
  in Any-Source Multicast (ASM) Mode Trees over Multipoint LDP (mLDP)

Abstract

   When IP multicast trees created by Protocol Independent Multicast -
   Sparse Mode (PIM-SM) in Any-Source Multicast (ASM) mode need to pass
   through an MPLS domain, it may be desirable to map such trees to
   Point-to-Multipoint Label Switched Paths (P2MP LSPs).  This document
   describes how to accomplish this in the case where such P2MP LSPs are
   established using Label Distribution Protocol (LDP) Extensions for
   P2MP and Multipoint-to-Multipoint LSPs: Multipoint LDP (mLDP).

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 5741.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7442.











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RFC 7442               PIM-SM over P2MP mLDP LSPs          February 2015


Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2015 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................3
      1.1. Specification of Requirements ..............................4
   2. Mechanism 1 - Non-transitive Mapping of IP Multicast
      Shared Trees ....................................................4
      2.1. Originating Source Active Auto-discovery Routes
           (Mechanism 1) ..............................................4
      2.2. Receiving Source Active Auto-discovery Routes by LSR .......5
      2.3. Handling (S,G,RPT-bit) State ...............................5
   3. Mechanism 2 - Transitive Mapping of IP Multicast Shared Trees ...6
      3.1. In-Band Signaling for IP Multicast Shared Trees ............6
      3.2. Originating Source Active Auto-discovery Routes
           (Mechanism 2) ..............................................7
      3.3. Receiving Source Active Auto-discovery Routes ..............8
      3.4. Pruning Sources Off the Shared Tree ........................8
      3.5. More on Handling (S,G,RPT-bit) State .......................9
   4. IANA Considerations .............................................9
   5. Security Considerations .........................................9
   6. References .....................................................10
      6.1. Normative References ......................................10
      6.2. Informative References ....................................10
   Acknowledgements ..................................................11
   Authors' Addresses ................................................11












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1.  Introduction

   [RFC6826] describes how to map Point-to-Multipoint Label Switched
   Paths (P2MP LSPs) created by mLDP [RFC6388] to multicast trees
   created by Protocol Independent Multicast - Sparse Mode (PIM-SM) in
   Source-Specific Multicast (SSM) mode [RFC4607].  This document
   describes how to map mLDP P2MP trees to multicast trees created by
   PIM-SM in Any-Source Multicast (ASM) mode.  It describes two possible
   mechanisms for doing this.

   The first mechanism, described in Section 2, is OPTIONAL for
   implementations, but the second mechanism, described in Section 3, is
   REQUIRED for all implementations claiming conformance to this
   specification.

   Note that from a deployment point of view these two mechanisms are
   mutually exclusive.  That is, on the same network one could deploy
   either one of the mechanisms, but not both.

   The reader of this document is expected to be familiar with PIM-SM
   [RFC4601] and mLDP [RFC6388].

   This document relies on the procedures in [RFC6826] to support source
   trees.  For example, following these procedures a Label Switching
   Router (LSR) may initiate an mLDP Label Map with the Transit
   IPv4/IPv6 Source TLV for (S,G) when receiving a PIM (S,G) Join.

   This document uses BGP Source Active auto-discovery routes, as
   defined in [RFC6514].  For the sake of brevity in the rest of this
   document, we'll refer to these routes as just "Source Active
   auto-discovery routes".

   Consider a deployment scenario where the service provider has
   provisioned the network in such a way that the Rendezvous Point (RP)
   for a particular ASM group G is always between the receivers and the
   sources.  If the network is provisioned in this manner, the ingress
   Provider Edge (PE) for (S,G) is always the same as the ingress PE for
   the RP, and thus the Source Active auto-discovery (A-D) routes are
   never needed.  If it is known a priori that the network is
   provisioned in this manner, mLDP in-band signaling can be supported
   using a different set of procedures, as specified in [RFC7438].  A
   service provider will provision the PE routers to use either the
   procedures in [RFC7438] or those described in this document.








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RFC 7442               PIM-SM over P2MP mLDP LSPs          February 2015


   Like [RFC6826], each IP multicast tree is mapped one-to-one to a P2MP
   LSP in the MPLS network.  This type of service works well if the
   number of LSPs that are created is under the control of the MPLS
   network operator, or if the number of LSPs for a particular service
   is known to be limited.

   It is to be noted that the existing BGP Multicast VPN (MVPN)
   procedures [RFC6514] can be used to map Internet IP multicast trees
   to P2MP LSPs.  These procedures would accomplish this for IP
   multicast trees created by PIM-SM in SSM mode, as well as for IP
   multicast trees created by PIM-SM in ASM mode.  Furthermore, these
   procedures would also support the ability to aggregate multiple IP
   multicast trees to one P2MP LSP in the MPLS network.  The details of
   this particular approach are out of scope for this document.

   This document assumes that a given LSR may have some interfaces that
   are IP multicast capable, while other interfaces would be MPLS
   capable.

1.1.  Specification of Requirements

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

2.  Mechanism 1 - Non-transitive Mapping of IP Multicast Shared Trees

   This mechanism does not transit IP multicast shared trees over the
   MPLS network.  Therefore, when an LSR creates (*,G) state (as a
   result of receiving PIM messages on one of its IP multicast
   interfaces), the LSR does not propagate this state in mLDP.

2.1.  Originating Source Active Auto-discovery Routes (Mechanism 1)

   Whenever (as a result of receiving either PIM Register or Multicast
   Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP) messages) an RP discovers a new
   multicast source, the RP SHOULD originate a Source Active
   auto-discovery route.  The route carries a single MCAST-VPN Network
   Layer Reachability Information (NLRI) [RFC6514], constructed as
   follows:

   + The Route Distinguisher (RD) in this NLRI is set to 0.

   + The Multicast Source field is set to S.  This could be either an
     IPv4 or an IPv6 address.  The Multicast Source Length field is set
     appropriately to reflect the address type.





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   + The Multicast Group field is set to G.  This could be either an
     IPv4 or an IPv6 address.  The Multicast Group Length field is set
     appropriately to reflect this address type.

   To constrain distribution of the Source Active auto-discovery route
   to the Autonomous System (AS) of the advertising RP, this route
   SHOULD carry the NO_EXPORT Community ([RFC1997]).

   Using the normal BGP procedures, the Source Active auto-discovery
   route is propagated to all other LSRs within the AS.

   Whenever the RP discovers that the source is no longer active, the RP
   MUST withdraw the Source Active auto-discovery route if such a route
   was previously advertised by the RP.

2.2.  Receiving Source Active Auto-discovery Routes by LSR

   Consider an LSR that has some of its interfaces capable of IP
   multicast and some capable of MPLS multicast.

   When, as a result of receiving PIM messages on one of its IP
   multicast interfaces, an LSR creates in its Tree Information Base
   (TIB) a new (*,G) entry with a non-empty outgoing interface list that
   contains one or more IP multicast interfaces, the LSR MUST check to
   see if it has any Source Active auto-discovery routes for that G.  If
   there is such a route, S of that route is reachable via an MPLS
   interface, and the LSR does not have (S,G) state in its TIB for (S,G)
   carried in the route, then the LSR originates the mLDP Label Map with
   the Transit IPv4/IPv6 Source TLV carrying (S,G), as specified in
   [RFC6826].

   When an LSR receives a new Source Active auto-discovery route, the
   LSR MUST check to see if its TIB contains a (*,G) entry with the same
   G as that carried in the Source Active auto-discovery route.  If such
   an entry is found, S is reachable via an MPLS interface, and the LSR
   does not have (S,G) state in its TIB for (S,G) carried in the route,
   then the LSR originates an mLDP Label Map with the Transit IPv4/IPv6
   Source TLV carrying (S,G), as specified in [RFC6826].

2.3.  Handling (S,G,RPT-bit) State

   The creation and deletion of (S,G,RPT-bit) PIM state ([RFC4601]) on
   an LSR that resulted from receiving PIM messages on one of its IP
   multicast interfaces do not result in any mLDP and/or BGP actions by
   the LSR.






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3.  Mechanism 2 - Transitive Mapping of IP Multicast Shared Trees

   This mechanism enables transit of IP multicast shared trees over the
   MPLS network.  Therefore, when an LSR creates (*,G) state as a result
   of receiving PIM messages on one of its IP multicast interfaces, the
   LSR propagates this state in mLDP, as described below.

   Note that in the deployment scenarios where, for a given G, none of
   the PEs originate an (S,G) mLDP Label Map with the Transit IPv4/IPv6
   Source TLV, no Source Active auto-discovery routes will be used.  One
   other scenario where no Source Active auto-discovery routes will be
   used is described in Section 3.2 ("Originating Source Active
   Auto-discovery Routes (Mechanism 2)").  In all of these scenarios,
   the only part of Mechanism 2 that is used is the in-band signaling
   for IP Multicast Shared Trees, as described in the next section.

3.1.  In-Band Signaling for IP Multicast Shared Trees

   To provide support for in-band mLDP signaling of IP multicast shared
   trees, this document defines two new mLDP TLVs: the Transit IPv4
   Shared Tree TLV and the Transit IPv6 Shared Tree TLV.

   These two TLVs have exactly the same encoding/format as the IPv4/IPv6
   Source Tree TLVs defined in [RFC6826], except that instead of the
   Source field they have an RP field that carries the address of the
   RP, as follows:

      Transit IPv4 Shared Tree TLV:

      0                   1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      | Type          | Length                        | RP            |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                                               | Group         |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      |                                               |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

        Type:  11

        Length:  8

        RP:  IPv4 RP address, 4 octets.

        Group:  IPv4 multicast group address, 4 octets.





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      Transit IPv6 Shared Tree TLV:

      0                   1                   2                   3
      0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      | Type          | Length                        | RP            ~
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      ~                                               | Group         ~
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+
      ~                                               |
      +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+

        Type:  12

        Length:  32

        RP:  IPv6 RP address, 16 octets.

        Group:  IPv6 multicast group address, 16 octets.

   Procedures for in-band signaling for IP multicast shared trees with
   mLDP follow the same procedures as those for in-band signaling for
   IP multicast source trees, as specified in [RFC6826], except that
   while the latter signals (S,G) state using Transit IPv4/IPv6 Source
   TLVs, the former signals (*,G) state using Transit IPv4/IPv6 Shared
   Tree TLVs.

3.2.  Originating Source Active Auto-discovery Routes (Mechanism 2)

   Consider an LSR that has some of its interfaces capable of IP
   multicast and some capable of MPLS multicast.

   Whenever such an LSR creates an (S,G) state as a result of receiving
   an mLDP Label Map with the Transit IPv4/IPv6 Source TLV for (S,G),
   the LSR MUST originate a Source Active auto-discovery route if all of
   the following are true:

   + S is reachable via one of the IP-multicast-capable interfaces,

   + the LSR determines that G is in the PIM-SM in ASM mode range, and

   + the LSR does not have a (*,G) state with one of the IP-multicast-
     capable interfaces as an incoming interface (iif) for that state.








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   The route carries a single MCAST-VPN NLRI, constructed as follows:

   + The RD in this NLRI is set to 0.

   + The Multicast Source field is set to S.  The Multicast Source
     Length field is set appropriately to reflect this address type.

   + The Multicast Group field is set to G.  The Multicast Group Length
     field is set appropriately to reflect this address type.

   To constrain distribution of the Source Active auto-discovery route
   to the AS of the advertising LSR, this route SHOULD carry the
   NO_EXPORT Community ([RFC1997]).

   Using the normal BGP procedures, the Source Active auto-discovery
   route is propagated to all other LSRs within the AS.

   Whenever the LSR receiving an mLDP Label Map with the Transit
   IPv4/IPv6 Source TLV for (S,G) deletes the (S,G) state that was
   previously created, the LSR that deletes the state MUST also withdraw
   the Source Active auto-discovery route, if such a route was
   advertised when the state was created.

   Note that whenever an LSR creates an (S,G) state as a result of
   receiving an mLDP Label Map with the Transit IPv4/IPv6 Source TLV for
   (S,G) with S reachable via one of the IP-multicast-capable
   interfaces, and the LSR already has a (*,G) state with the RP
   reachable via one of the IP-multicast-capable interfaces as a result
   of receiving an mLDP Label Map with the Transit IPv4/IPv6 Shared Tree
   TLV for (*,G), the LSR does not originate a Source Active
   auto-discovery route.

3.3.  Receiving Source Active Auto-discovery Routes

   Procedures for receiving Source Active auto-discovery routes are the
   same as those for Mechanism 1.

3.4.  Pruning Sources Off the Shared Tree

   If, after receiving a new Source Active auto-discovery route for
   (S,G), the LSR determines that (a) it has the (*,G) entry in its TIB,
   (b) the incoming interface (iif) list for that entry contains one of
   the IP interfaces, (c) at least one of the MPLS interfaces is in the
   outgoing interface (oif) list for that entry, and (d) the LSR does
   not originate an mLDP Label Mapping message for (S,G) with the
   Transit IPv4/IPv6 Source TLV, then the LSR MUST transition the
   (S,G,RPT-bit) downstream state to the Prune state.  (Conceptually,
   the PIM state machine on the LSR will act "as if" it had received



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   Prune(S,G,rpt) on one of its MPLS interfaces, without actually having
   received one.)  Depending on the (S,G,RPT-bit) state on the iif, this
   may result in the LSR using PIM procedures to prune S off the Shared
   (*,G) tree.

   The LSR MUST keep the (S,G,RPT-bit) downstream state machine in the
   Prune state for as long as (a) the outgoing interface (oif) list for
   (*,G) contains one of the MPLS interfaces, (b) the LSR has at least
   one Source Active auto-discovery route for (S,G), and (c) the LSR
   does not originate the mLDP Label Mapping message for (S,G) with the
   Transit IPv4/IPv6 Source TLV.  Once one or more of these conditions
   become no longer valid, the LSR MUST transition the (S,G,RPT-bit)
   downstream state machine to the NoInfo state.

   Note that except for the scenario described in the first paragraph of
   this section, it is sufficient to rely solely on the PIM procedures
   on the LSR to ensure the correct behavior when pruning sources off
   the shared tree.

3.5.  More on Handling (S,G,RPT-bit) State

   The creation and deletion of (S,G,RPT-bit) state on an LSR that
   resulted from receiving PIM messages on one of its IP multicast
   interfaces do not result in any mLDP and/or BGP actions by the LSR.

4.  IANA Considerations

   IANA maintains a registry called "Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)
   Parameters" with a subregistry called "LDP MP Opaque Value Element
   basic type".  IANA has allocated two new values, as follows:

      Value | Name                         | Reference
      ------+------------------------------+------------
        11  | Transit IPv4 Shared Tree TLV | [RFC7442]
        12  | Transit IPv6 Shared Tree TLV | [RFC7442]

5.  Security Considerations

   All of the security considerations for mLDP ([RFC6388]) apply here.

   From the security considerations point of view, the use of Shared
   Tree TLVs is no different than the use of Source TLVs [RFC6826].









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6.  References

6.1.  Normative References

   [RFC1997]  Chandra, R., Traina, P., and T. Li, "BGP Communities
              Attribute", RFC 1997, August 1996,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc1997>.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC4601]  Fenner, B., Handley, M., Holbrook, H., and I. Kouvelas,
              "Protocol Independent Multicast - Sparse Mode (PIM-SM):
              Protocol Specification (Revised)", RFC 4601, August 2006,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4601>.

   [RFC6388]  Wijnands, IJ., Ed., Minei, I., Ed., Kompella, K., and B.
              Thomas, "Label Distribution Protocol Extensions for Point-
              to-Multipoint and Multipoint-to-Multipoint Label Switched
              Paths", RFC 6388, November 2011,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6388>.

   [RFC6514]  Aggarwal, R., Rosen, E., Morin, T., and Y. Rekhter, "BGP
              Encodings and Procedures for Multicast in MPLS/BGP IP
              VPNs", RFC 6514, February 2012,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6514>.

   [RFC6826]  Wijnands, IJ., Ed., Eckert, T., Leymann, N., and M.
              Napierala, "Multipoint LDP In-Band Signaling for Point-to-
              Multipoint and Multipoint-to-Multipoint Label Switched
              Paths", RFC 6826, January 2013,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6826>.

6.2.  Informative References

   [RFC4607]  Holbrook, H. and B. Cain, "Source-Specific Multicast for
              IP", RFC 4607, August 2006, <http://www.rfc-editor.org/
              info/rfc4607>.

   [RFC7438]  Wijnands, IJ., Ed., Rosen, E., Gulko, A., Joorde, U., and
              J.  Tantsura, "Multipoint LDP (mLDP) In-Band Signaling
              with Wildcards", RFC 7438, January 2015,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7438>.







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Acknowledgements

   The use of Source Active auto-discovery routes was borrowed from
   [RFC6514].  Some text in this document was borrowed from [RFC6514].

   Some of the text in this document was borrowed from [RFC6826].

   We would like to acknowledge Arkadiy Gulko for his review and
   comments.

   We would also like to thank Xuxiaohu, Gregory Mirsky, Rajiv Asati,
   and Adrian Farrel for their review and comments.

Authors' Addresses

   Yakov Rekhter
   Juniper Networks, Inc.
   EMail: yakov@juniper.net


   Rahul Aggarwal
   Arktan
   EMail: raggarwa_1@yahoo.com


   Nicolai Leymann
   Deutsche Telekom
   Winterfeldtstrasse 21
   Berlin  10781
   Germany
   EMail: N.Leymann@telekom.de


   Wim Henderickx
   Alcatel-Lucent
   EMail: wim.henderickx@alcatel-lucent.com


   Quintin Zhao
   Huawei
   EMail: quintin.zhao@huawei.com


   Richard Li
   Huawei
   EMail: renwei.li@huawei.com





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