[Docs] [txt|pdf] [draft-ietf-calext...] [Diff1] [Diff2]

PROPOSED STANDARD

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                          C. Daboo
Request for Comments: 7986                                    Apple Inc.
Updates: 5545                                               October 2016
Category: Standards Track
ISSN: 2070-1721


                      New Properties for iCalendar

Abstract

   This document defines a set of new properties for iCalendar data and
   extends the use of some existing properties to the entire iCalendar
   object.

Status of This Memo

   This is an Internet Standards Track document.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Further information on
   Internet Standards is available in Section 2 of RFC 7841.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7986.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2016 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.








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Table of Contents

   1. Introduction ....................................................3
   2. Conventions Used in This Document ...............................3
   3. Backwards-Compatible Extension Properties .......................3
   4. Modifications to Calendar Components ............................4
   5. Properties ......................................................5
      5.1. NAME Property ..............................................5
      5.2. DESCRIPTION Property .......................................6
      5.3. UID Property ...............................................7
      5.4. LAST-MODIFIED Property .....................................8
      5.5. URL Property ...............................................8
      5.6. CATEGORIES Property ........................................8
      5.7. REFRESH-INTERVAL Property ..................................9
      5.8. SOURCE Property ...........................................10
      5.9. COLOR Property ............................................10
      5.10. IMAGE Property ...........................................11
      5.11. CONFERENCE Property ......................................13
   6. Property Parameters ............................................14
      6.1. DISPLAY Property Parameter ................................14
      6.2. EMAIL Property Parameter ..................................15
      6.3. FEATURE Property Parameter ................................16
      6.4. LABEL Property Parameter ..................................17
   7. Security Considerations ........................................18
   8. Privacy Considerations .........................................18
   9. IANA Considerations ............................................19
      9.1. Property Registrations ....................................19
      9.2. Parameter Registrations ...................................20
      9.3. Property Parameter Value Registries .......................20
   10. References ....................................................21
      10.1. Normative References .....................................21
      10.2. Informative References ...................................22
   Acknowledgments ...................................................23
   Author's Address ..................................................23

















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1.  Introduction

   The iCalendar [RFC5545] data format is used to represent calendar
   data and is used with the iCalendar Transport-Independent
   Interoperability Protocol (iTIP) [RFC5546] to handle scheduling
   operations between calendar users. iCalendar is in widespread use,
   and in accordance with provisions in that specification, extension
   elements have been added by various vendors to the data format in
   order to support and enhance capabilities.  This specification
   collects a number of these ad hoc extensions and uses the new IANA
   registry capability defined in [RFC5545] to register standard
   variants with clearly defined definitions and semantics.  In
   addition, some new elements are introduced for features that vendors
   have recently been requesting.

2.  Conventions Used in This Document

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in
   [RFC2119].

   The notation used in this memo is the ABNF notation of [RFC5234] as
   used by iCalendar [RFC5545].  Any syntax elements shown below that
   are not explicitly defined in this specification come from iCalendar
   [RFC5545].

3.  Backwards-Compatible Extension Properties

   iCalendar defines properties that can have different value types
   indicated by a "VALUE" parameter.  The definition of a property
   specifies a "default" value type that is assumed to be used when no
   "VALUE" parameter is present.  However, this poses a problem to the
   iCalendar parser/generator software that does not know about the
   default values for new properties.  For example, if a new property
   "FOO" were defined with a default value type of URI and a URI value
   with a comma was used, an iCalendar generator not aware of this fact
   would likely treat the property value as "TEXT" and apply backslash
   escaping to the comma in the value, effectively making it an invalid
   URI value.

   To avoid this problem, this specification recommends that all
   properties not defined in [RFC5545] always include a "VALUE"
   parameter if the type is other than "TEXT".  That is, in the example
   above, the "FOO" property would have a "VALUE=URI" parameter.  This
   allows iCalendar parser/generator software to track the correct types
   of unknown properties.




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   New properties defined in this specification use the term "no
   default" in the "Value Type" definition to indicate that the "VALUE"
   parameter has to be included.

4.  Modifications to Calendar Components

   This section details changes to the syntax defined in iCalendar
   [RFC5545].  New elements are defined in subsequent sections.

   calprops =/ *(
                ;
                ; The following are OPTIONAL,
                ; but MUST NOT occur more than once.
                ;
                uid / last-mod / url /
                refresh / source / color
                ;
                ; The following are OPTIONAL,
                ; and MAY occur more than once.
                ;
                name / description / categories /
                image
                ;
                )

   eventprop =/ *(
                 ;
                 ; The following are OPTIONAL,
                 ; but MUST NOT occur more than once.
                 ;
                 color /
                 ;
                 ; The following are OPTIONAL,
                 ; and MAY occur more than once.
                 ;
                 conference / image
                 ;
                 )

   todoprop =/ *(
                ;
                ; The following are OPTIONAL,
                ; but MUST NOT occur more than once.
                ;
                color /
                ;
                ; The following are OPTIONAL,
                ; and MAY occur more than once.



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                ;
                conference / image
                ;
                )

   jourprop =/ *(
                ;
                ; The following are OPTIONAL,
                ; but MUST NOT occur more than once.
                ;
                color /
                ;
                ; The following are OPTIONAL,
                ; and MAY occur more than once.
                ;
                image
                ;
                )

5.  Properties

5.1.  NAME Property

   Property Name:  NAME

   Purpose:  This property specifies the name of the calendar.

   Value Type:  TEXT

   Property Parameters:  IANA, non-standard, alternate text
      representation, and language property parameters can be specified
      on this property.

   Conformance:  This property can be specified multiple times in an
      iCalendar object.  However, each property MUST represent the name
      of the calendar in a different language.

   Description:  This property is used to specify a name of the
      iCalendar object that can be used by calendar user agents when
      presenting the calendar data to a user.  Whilst a calendar only
      has a single name, multiple language variants can be specified by
      including this property multiple times with different "LANGUAGE"
      parameter values on each.








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   Format Definition:  This property is defined by the following
      notation:

   name       = "NAME" nameparam ":" text CRLF

   nameparam  = *(
                 ;
                 ; The following are OPTIONAL,
                 ; but MUST NOT occur more than once.
                 ;
                 (";" altrepparam) / (";" languageparam) /
                 ;
                 ; The following is OPTIONAL,
                 ; and MAY occur more than once.
                 ;
                 (";" other-param)
                 ;
                 )

   Example:  The following is an example of this property:

   NAME:Company Vacation Days

5.2.  DESCRIPTION Property

   This specification modifies the definition of the "DESCRIPTION"
   property to allow it to be defined in an iCalendar object.  The
   following additions are made to the definition of this property,
   originally specified in Section 3.8.1.5 of [RFC5545].

   Purpose:  This property specifies the description of the calendar.

   Conformance:  This property can be specified multiple times in an
      iCalendar object.  However, each property MUST represent the
      description of the calendar in a different language.

   Description:  This property is used to specify a lengthy textual
      description of the iCalendar object that can be used by calendar
      user agents when describing the nature of the calendar data to a
      user.  Whilst a calendar only has a single description, multiple
      language variants can be specified by including this property
      multiple times with different "LANGUAGE" parameter values on each.









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5.3.  UID Property

   This specification modifies the definition of the "UID" property to
   allow it to be defined in an iCalendar object.  The following
   additions are made to the definition of this property, originally
   specified in Section 3.8.4.7 of [RFC5545].

   Purpose:  This property specifies the persistent, globally unique
      identifier for the iCalendar object.  This can be used, for
      example, to identify duplicate calendar streams that a client may
      have been given access to.  It can be used in conjunction with the
      "LAST-MODIFIED" property also specified on the "VCALENDAR" object
      to identify the most recent version of a calendar.

   Conformance:  This property can be specified once in an iCalendar
      object.

   The description of the "UID" property in [RFC5545] contains some
   recommendations on how the value can be constructed.  In particular,
   it suggests use of host names, IP addresses, and domain names to
   construct the value.  However, this is no longer considered good
   practice, particularly from a security and privacy standpoint, since
   use of such values can leak key information about a calendar user or
   their client and network environment.  This specification updates
   [RFC5545] by stating that "UID" values MUST NOT include any data that
   might identify a user, host, domain, or any other security- or
   privacy-sensitive information.  It is RECOMMENDED that calendar user
   agents now generate "UID" values that are hex-encoded random
   Universally Unique Identifier (UUID) values as defined in
   Sections 4.4 and 4.5 of [RFC4122].

   The following is an example of such a property value:

   UID:5FC53010-1267-4F8E-BC28-1D7AE55A7C99

   Additionally, if calendar user agents choose to use other forms of
   opaque identifiers for the "UID" value, they MUST have a length less
   than 255 octets and MUST conform to the "iana-token" ABNF syntax
   defined in Section 3.1 of [RFC5545].












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5.4.  LAST-MODIFIED Property

   This specification modifies the definition of the "LAST-MODIFIED"
   property to allow it to be defined in an iCalendar object.  The
   following additions are made to the definition of this property,
   originally specified in Section 3.8.7.3 of [RFC5545].

   Purpose:  This property specifies the date and time that the
      information associated with the calendar was last revised.

   Conformance:  This property can be specified once in an iCalendar
      object.

5.5.  URL Property

   This specification modifies the definition of the "URL" property to
   allow it to be defined in an iCalendar object.  The following
   additions are made to the definition of this property, originally
   specified in Section 3.8.4.6 of [RFC5545].

   Purpose:  This property may be used to convey a location where a more
      dynamic rendition of the calendar information can be found.

   Conformance:  This property can be specified once in an iCalendar
      object.

5.6.  CATEGORIES Property

   This specification modifies the definition of the "CATEGORIES"
   property to allow it to be defined in an iCalendar object.  The
   following additions are made to the definition of this property,
   originally specified in Section 3.8.1.2 of [RFC5545].

   Purpose:  This property defines the categories for an entire
      calendar.

   Conformance:  This property can be specified multiple times in an
      iCalendar object.

   Description:  When multiple properties are present, the set of
      categories that apply to the iCalendar object are the union of all
      the categories listed in each property value.









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5.7.  REFRESH-INTERVAL Property

   Property Name:  REFRESH-INTERVAL

   Purpose:  This property specifies a suggested minimum interval for
      polling for changes of the calendar data from the original source
      of that data.

   Value Type:  DURATION -- no default

   Property Parameters:  IANA and non-standard property parameters can
      be specified on this property.

   Conformance:  This property can be specified once in an iCalendar
      object.

   Description:  This property specifies a positive duration that gives
      a suggested minimum polling interval for checking for updates to
      the calendar data.  The value of this property SHOULD be used by
      calendar user agents to limit the polling interval for calendar
      data updates to the minimum interval specified.

   Format Definition:  This property is defined by the following
      notation:

   refresh      = "REFRESH-INTERVAL" refreshparam
                    ":" dur-value CRLF
                    ;consisting of a positive duration of time.

   refreshparam = *(
                   ;
                   ; The following is REQUIRED,
                   ; but MUST NOT occur more than once.
                   ;
                   (";" "VALUE" "=" "DURATION") /
                   ;
                   ; The following is OPTIONAL,
                   ; and MAY occur more than once.
                   ;
                   (";" other-param)
                   ;
                   )

   Example:  The following is an example of this property:

   REFRESH-INTERVAL;VALUE=DURATION:P1W





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5.8.  SOURCE Property

   Property Name:  SOURCE

   Purpose:  This property identifies a URI where calendar data can be
      refreshed from.

   Value Type:  URI -- no default

   Property Parameters:  IANA and non-standard property parameters can
      be specified on this property.

   Conformance:  This property can be specified once in an iCalendar
      object.

   Description:  This property identifies a location where a client can
      retrieve updated data for the calendar.  Clients SHOULD honor any
      specified "REFRESH-INTERVAL" value when periodically retrieving
      data.  Note that this property differs from the "URL" property in
      that "URL" is meant to provide an alternative representation of
      the calendar data rather than the original location of the data.

   Format Definition:  This property is defined by the following
      notation:

   source       = "SOURCE" sourceparam ":" uri CRLF

   sourceparam = *(";" other-param)

   Example:  The following is an example of this property:

   SOURCE;VALUE=URI:https://example.com/holidays.ics

5.9.  COLOR Property

   Property Name:  COLOR

   Purpose:  This property specifies a color used for displaying the
      calendar, event, todo, or journal data.

   Value Type:  TEXT

   Property Parameters:  IANA and non-standard property parameters can
      be specified on this property.

   Conformance:  This property can be specified once in an iCalendar
      object or in "VEVENT", "VTODO", or "VJOURNAL" calendar components.




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   Description:  This property specifies a color that clients MAY use
      when presenting the relevant data to a user.  Typically, this
      would appear as the "background" color of events or tasks.  The
      value is a case-insensitive color name taken from the CSS3 set of
      names, defined in Section 4.3 of [W3C.REC-css3-color-20110607].

   Format Definition:  This property is defined by the following
      notation:

   color          = "COLOR" colorparam ":" text CRLF
                     ; Value is CSS3 color name

   colorparam     = *(";" other-param)

   Example:  The following is an example of this property:

   COLOR:turquoise

5.10.  IMAGE Property

   Property Name:  IMAGE

   Purpose:  This property specifies an image associated with the
      calendar or a calendar component.

   Value Type:  URI or BINARY -- no default.  The value MUST be data
      with a media type of "image" or refer to such data.

   Property Parameters:  IANA, non-standard, display, inline encoding,
      and value data type property parameters can be specified on this
      property.  The format type parameter can be specified on this
      property and is RECOMMENDED for inline binary-encoded content
      information.

   Conformance:  This property can be specified multiple times in an
      iCalendar object or in "VEVENT", "VTODO", or "VJOURNAL" calendar
      components.

   Description:  This property specifies an image for an iCalendar
      object or a calendar component via a URI or directly with inline
      data that can be used by calendar user agents when presenting the
      calendar data to a user.  Multiple properties MAY be used to
      specify alternative sets of images with, for example, varying
      media subtypes, resolutions, or sizes.  When multiple properties
      are present, calendar user agents SHOULD display only one of them,
      picking one that provides the most appropriate image quality, or
      display none.  The "DISPLAY" parameter is used to indicate the
      intended display mode for the image.  The "ALTREP" parameter,



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      defined in [RFC5545], can be used to provide a "clickable" image
      where the URI in the parameter value can be "launched" by a click
      on the image in the calendar user agent.

   Format Definition:  This property is defined by the following
      notation:

   image      = "IMAGE" imageparam
                (
                  (
                    ";" "VALUE" "=" "URI"
                    ":" uri
                  ) /
                  (
                    ";" "ENCODING" "=" "BASE64"
                    ";" "VALUE" "=" "BINARY"
                    ":" binary
                  )
                )
                CRLF

   imageparam = *(
                 ;
                 ; The following is OPTIONAL for a URI value,
                 ; RECOMMENDED for a BINARY value,
                 ; and MUST NOT occur more than once.
                 ;
                 (";" fmttypeparam) /
                 ;
                 ; The following are OPTIONAL,
                 ; and MUST NOT occur more than once.
                 ;
                 (";" altrepparam) / (";" displayparam) /
                 ;
                 ; The following is OPTIONAL,
                 ; and MAY occur more than once.
                 ;
                 (";" other-param)
                 ;
                 )

   Example:  The following is an example of this property:

   IMAGE;VALUE=URI;DISPLAY=BADGE;FMTTYPE=image/png:h
    ttp://example.com/images/party.png






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5.11.  CONFERENCE Property

   Property Name:  CONFERENCE

   Purpose:  This property specifies information for accessing a
      conferencing system.

   Value Type:  URI -- no default.

   Property Parameters:  IANA, non-standard, feature, and label property
      parameters can be specified on this property.

   Conformance:  This property can be specified multiple times in a
      "VEVENT" or "VTODO" calendar component.

   Description:  This property specifies information for accessing a
      conferencing system for attendees of a meeting or task.  This
      might be for a telephone-based conference number dial-in with
      access codes included (such as a tel: URI [RFC3966] or a sip: or
      sips: URI [RFC3261]), for a web-based video chat (such as an http:
      or https: URI [RFC7230]), or for an instant messaging group chat
      room (such as an xmpp: URI [RFC5122]).  If a specific URI for a
      conferencing system is not available, a data: URI [RFC2397]
      containing a text description can be used.

      A conference system can be a bidirectional communication channel
      or a uni-directional "broadcast feed".

      The "FEATURE" property parameter is used to describe the key
      capabilities of the conference system to allow a client to choose
      the ones that give the required level of interaction from a set of
      multiple properties.

      The "LABEL" property parameter is used to convey additional
      details on the use of the URI.  For example, the URIs or access
      codes for the moderator and attendee of a teleconference system
      could be different, and the "LABEL" property parameter could be
      used to "tag" each "CONFERENCE" property to indicate which is
      which.

      The "LANGUAGE" property parameter can be used to specify the
      language used for text values used with this property (as per
      Section 3.2.10 of [RFC5545]).








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   Format Definition:  This property is defined by the following
      notation:

   conference = "CONFERENCE" confparam  ":" uri CRLF

   confparam  = *(
                 ;
                 ; The following is REQUIRED,
                 ; but MUST NOT occur more than once.
                 ;
                 (";" "VALUE" "=" "URI") /
                 ;
                 ; The following are OPTIONAL,
                 ; and MUST NOT occur more than once.
                 ;
                 (";" featureparam) / (";" labelparam) /
                 (";" languageparam ) /
                 ;
                 ; The following is OPTIONAL,
                 ; and MAY occur more than once.
                 ;
                 (";" other-param)
                 ;
                 )

   Example:  The following are examples of this property:

   CONFERENCE;VALUE=URI;FEATURE=PHONE,MODERATOR;
    LABEL=Moderator dial-in:tel:+1-412-555-0123,,,654321
   CONFERENCE;VALUE=URI;FEATURE=PHONE;
    LABEL=Attendee dial-in:tel:+1-412-555-0123,,,555123
   CONFERENCE;VALUE=URI;FEATURE=PHONE;
    LABEL=Attendee dial-in:tel:+1-888-555-0456,,,555123
   CONFERENCE;VALUE=URI;FEATURE=CHAT;
    LABEL=Chat room:xmpp:chat-123@conference.example.com
   CONFERENCE;VALUE=URI;FEATURE=AUDIO,VIDEO;
    LABEL=Attendee dial-in:https://chat.example.com/audio?id=123456

6.  Property Parameters

6.1.  DISPLAY Property Parameter

   Parameter Name:  DISPLAY

   Purpose:  To specify different ways in which an image for a calendar
      or component can be displayed.





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   Format Definition:  This property parameter is defined by the
      following notation:

   displayparam = "DISPLAY" "=" displayval *("," displayval)

   displayval =  ("BADGE" /     ; image inline with the title of the
                                ; event
                  "GRAPHIC" /   ; a full image replacement for the event
                                ; itself
                  "FULLSIZE" /  ; an image that is used to enhance the
                                ; event
                  "THUMBNAIL" / ; a smaller variant of "FULLSIZE" to be
                                ; used when space for the image is
                                ; constrained
                  x-name /      ; Experimental type
                  iana-token)   ; Other IANA-registered type
                                ;
                                ; Default is BADGE

   Description:  This property parameter MAY be specified on "IMAGE"
      properties.  In the absence of this parameter, the default value
      "BADGE" MUST be used.  The value determines how a client ought to
      present an image supplied in iCalendar data to the user.

      Values for this parameter are registered with IANA as per
      Section 9.3.1.  New values can be added to this registry following
      the procedure outlined in Section 8.2.1 of [RFC5545].

      Servers and clients MUST handle x-name and iana-token values they
      don't recognize by not displaying any image at all.

   Example:

   IMAGE;VALUE=URI;DISPLAY=BADGE,THUMBNAIL;FMTTYPE=image/png:https://exa
    mple.com/images/weather-cloudy.png

6.2.  EMAIL Property Parameter

   Parameter Name:  EMAIL

   Purpose:  To specify an email address that is used to identify or
      contact an organizer or attendee.

   Format Definition:  This property parameter is defined by the
      following notation:

   emailparam = "EMAIL" "=" param-value




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   Description:  This property parameter MAY be specified on "ORGANIZER"
      or "ATTENDEE" properties.  This property can be used in situations
      where the calendar user address value of the "ORGANIZER" and
      "ATTENDEE" properties is not likely to be an identifier that
      recipients of scheduling messages could use to match the calendar
      user with, for example, an address book entry.  The value of this
      property is an email address that can easily be matched by
      recipients.  Recipients can also use this value as an alternative
      means of contacting the calendar user via email.  If a recipient's
      calendar user agent allows the recipient to save contact
      information based on the "ORGANIZER" or "ATTENDEE" properties,
      those calendar user agents SHOULD use any "EMAIL" property
      parameter value for the email address of the contact over any
      mailto: calendar user address specified as the value of the
      property.  Calendar user agents SHOULD NOT include an "EMAIL"
      property parameter when its value matches the calendar user
      address specified as the value of the property.

   Example:

   ATTENDEE;CN=Cyrus Daboo;EMAIL=cyrus@example.com:mailto:opaque-toke
    n-1234@example.com

6.3.  FEATURE Property Parameter

   Parameter Name:  FEATURE

   Purpose:  To specify a feature or features of a conference or
      broadcast system.

   Format Definition:  This property parameter is defined by the
      following notation:

   featureparam = "FEATURE" "=" featuretext *("," featuretext)
   featuretext  =  ("AUDIO" /     ; Audio capability
                    "CHAT" /      ; Chat or instant messaging
                    "FEED" /      ; Blog or Atom feed
                    "MODERATOR" / ; Moderator dial-in code
                    "PHONE" /     ; Phone conference
                    "SCREEN" /    ; Screen sharing
                    "VIDEO" /     ; Video capability
                    x-name /      ; Experimental type
                    iana-token)   ; Other IANA-registered type








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   Description:  This property parameter MAY be specified on the
      "CONFERENCE" property.  Multiple values can be specified.  The
      "MODERATOR" value is used to indicate that the property value is
      specific to the owner/initiator of the conference and contains a
      URI that "activates" the system (e.g., a "moderator" access code
      for a phone conference system that is different from the "regular"
      access code).

   Example:

   CONFERENCE;VALUE=URI;FEATURE=AUDIO:rtsp://audio.example.com/
    event
   CONFERENCE;VALUE=URI;FEATURE=AUDIO,VIDEO:https://video-chat.exam
    ple.com/;group-id=1234

6.4.  LABEL Property Parameter

   Parameter Name:  LABEL

   Purpose:  To provide a human-readable label.

   Format Definition:  This property parameter is defined by the
      following notation:

   labelparam = "LABEL" "=" param-value

   Description:  This property parameter MAY be specified on the
      "CONFERENCE" property.  It is anticipated that other extensions to
      iCalendar will reuse this property parameter on new properties
      that they define.  As a result, clients MUST expect to find this
      property parameter present on many different properties.  It
      provides a human-readable label that can be presented to calendar
      users to allow them to discriminate between properties that might
      be similar or provide additional information for properties that
      are not self-describing.  The "LANGUAGE" property parameter can be
      used to specify the language of the text in the parameter value
      (as per Section 3.2.10 of [RFC5545]).

   Example:

   CONFERENCE;VALUE=URI;FEATURE=VIDEO;
    LABEL="Web video chat, access code=76543";
    :https://video-chat.example.com/;group-id=1234








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7.  Security Considerations

   Several of the new properties or parameters defined by this
   specification allow reference to "external" URIs.  Care MUST be taken
   when accessing data at external URIs as malicious content could be
   present.  Clients SHOULD ensure that suitable permission is granted
   by calendar users before such URIs are dereferenced.

   The "REFRESH-INTERVAL" property could be used by an attacker to make
   a client carry out rapid requests to the server hosting the calendar
   by specifying a very short duration (e.g., one second).  This could
   lead to resource consumption on the client or server and to denial-
   of-service attacks against the server.  Clients MUST ensure that they
   throttle requests to the server to a reasonable rate.  In most cases,
   updating a public calendar once per day would suffice.  If the
   "REFRESH-INTERVAL" is any less than that, clients SHOULD warn the
   calendar user and allow them to override it with a longer value.

   The "CONFERENCE" property can include a "FEATURE" property parameter
   with a "MODERATOR" value.  In some cases, the access code used by the
   owner/initiator of a conference might be private to an individual,
   and clients and servers MUST ensure that such properties are not sent
   to attendees of a scheduled component.

   Both the "COLOR" and "IMAGE" properties are likely to be used by
   calendar users to express their own personal view of the calendar
   data.  In addition, these properties could be used by attackers to
   produce a confusing display in a calendar user agent.  When such
   properties are encountered in calendar data that has come from other
   calendar users (e.g., via a scheduling message, "public" calendar
   subscription, etc.), it is advisable for the client to give the
   receiving calendar user the option to remove (or adjust) these
   properties as the data is imported into their calendar system.

   This specification changes the recommendations on how "UID" property
   values are constructed to minimize leaking any information that might
   be security sensitive.

   Security considerations in [RFC5545] and [RFC5546] MUST also be
   adhered to.

8.  Privacy Considerations

   Several of the new properties or parameters defined by this
   specification allow reference to "external" URIs.  Access to those
   URIs could be tracked, leading to loss of privacy.  Clients SHOULD
   ensure that suitable permission is granted by calendar users before
   such URIs are dereferenced.  In particular, calendar publishers



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   wishing to help protect the privacy of their subscribers MUST use
   HTTP with Transport Layer Security [RFC7230] ("https:" URIs instead
   of "http:" URIs) for access to calendar data or ancillary data such
   as images.

   In general, for their own privacy protection, users have to rely on
   the privacy policies of any conferencing system being accessed via
   the "CONFERENCE" property.  It is entirely possible for such systems
   to uniquely identify and log the activity and participation (or lack
   thereof) of calendar users in the conference.  Calendar user agents
   SHOULD track which conferencing systems are used and warn users the
   first time a new one is about to be used.  This is particularly
   important if the client automatically "dials in" to the conference
   when the event start time occurs.

   By giving different calendar users different values for the "REFRESH-
   INTERVAL" property, it is possible for a publisher of calendar data
   to uniquely identify each refresh from each calendar users' clients
   and thereby track user activity and IP address over time.  To address
   this, clients SHOULD add or subtract some random amount of time from
   the published "REFRESH-INTERVAL" value when doing actual refreshes.

   This specification changes the recommendations on how "UID" property
   values are constructed to minimize leaking any information that might
   be privacy sensitive.

   Privacy considerations in [RFC5545] and [RFC5546] MUST also be
   adhered to.

9.  IANA Considerations

9.1.  Property Registrations

   This document defines the following new iCalendar properties.  IANA
   has registered the new properties in the "Properties" registry
   defined in Section 8.3.2 of [RFC5545].  IANA has also added a
   reference to this document where the properties originally defined in
   RFC 5545 have been updated by this document.













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   +------------------+---------+--------------------------------------+
   | Property         | Status  | Reference                            |
   +------------------+---------+--------------------------------------+
   | NAME             | Current | RFC 7986, Section 5.1                |
   | DESCRIPTION      | Current | RFC 5545, Section 3.8.1.5; RFC 7986, |
   |                  |         | Section 5.2                          |
   | UID              | Current | RFC 5545, Section 3.8.4.7; RFC 7986, |
   |                  |         | Section 5.3                          |
   | LAST-MODIFIED    | Current | RFC 5545, Section 3.8.7.3 RFC 7986,  |
   |                  |         | Section 5.4                          |
   | URL              | Current | RFC 5545, Section 3.8.4.6; RFC 7986, |
   |                  |         | Section 5.5                          |
   | CATEGORIES       | Current | RFC 5545, Section 3.8.1.2; RFC 7986, |
   |                  |         | Section 5.6                          |
   | REFRESH-INTERVAL | Current | RFC 7986, Section 5.7                |
   | SOURCE           | Current | RFC 7986, Section 5.8                |
   | COLOR            | Current | RFC 7986, Section 5.9                |
   | IMAGE            | Current | RFC 7986, Section 5.10               |
   | CONFERENCE       | Current | RFC 7986, Section 5.11               |
   +------------------+---------+--------------------------------------+

9.2.  Parameter Registrations

   This document defines the following new iCalendar property
   parameters.  IANA has registered these in the "Parameters" registry
   defined in Section 8.3.3 of [RFC5545].

         +--------------------+---------+-----------------------+
         | Property Parameter | Status  | Reference             |
         +--------------------+---------+-----------------------+
         | DISPLAY            | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.1 |
         | EMAIL              | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.2 |
         | FEATURE            | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.3 |
         | LABEL              | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.4 |
         +--------------------+---------+-----------------------+

9.3.  Property Parameter Value Registries

   IANA has created two new registries for iCalendar elements: the
   "Display Types" registry and the "Feature Types" registry.
   Additional codes MAY be used, provided the process and template
   described in Sections 8.2.1 and 8.2.6 of [RFC5545] are used to
   register them.








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9.3.1.  Display Types Registry

   The following table has been used to initialize the "Display Types"
   registry.

            +--------------+---------+-----------------------+
            | Display Type | Status  | Reference             |
            +--------------+---------+-----------------------+
            | BADGE        | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.1 |
            | GRAPHIC      | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.1 |
            | FULLSIZE     | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.1 |
            | THUMBNAIL    | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.1 |
            +--------------+---------+-----------------------+

9.3.2.  Feature Types Registry

   The following table has been used to initialize the "Feature Types"
   registry.

            +--------------+---------+-----------------------+
            | Feature Type | Status  | Reference             |
            +--------------+---------+-----------------------+
            | AUDIO        | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.3 |
            | CHAT         | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.3 |
            | FEED         | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.3 |
            | MODERATOR    | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.3 |
            | PHONE        | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.3 |
            | SCREEN       | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.3 |
            | VIDEO        | Current | RFC 7986, Section 6.3 |
            +--------------+---------+-----------------------+

10.  References

10.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC4122]  Leach, P., Mealling, M., and R. Salz, "A Universally
              Unique IDentifier (UUID) URN Namespace", RFC 4122,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC4122, July 2005,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc4122>.







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   [RFC5234]  Crocker, D., Ed. and P. Overell, "Augmented BNF for Syntax
              Specifications: ABNF", STD 68, RFC 5234,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5234, January 2008,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5234>.

   [RFC5545]  Desruisseaux, B., Ed., "Internet Calendaring and
              Scheduling Core Object Specification (iCalendar)",
              RFC 5545, DOI 10.17487/RFC5545, September 2009,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5545>.

   [RFC5546]  Daboo, C., Ed., "iCalendar Transport-Independent
              Interoperability Protocol (iTIP)", RFC 5546,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5546, December 2009,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5546>.

   [W3C.REC-css3-color-20110607]
              Celik, T., Lilley, C., and D. Baron, "CSS Color Module
              Level 3", World Wide Web Consortium Recommendation
              REC-css3-color-20110607, June 2011,
              <https://www.w3.org/TR/2011/REC-css3-color-20110607>.

10.2.  Informative References

   [RFC2397]  Masinter, L., "The "data" URL scheme", RFC 2397,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2397, August 1998,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2397>.

   [RFC3261]  Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston,
              A., Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M., and E.
              Schooler, "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3261, June 2002,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3261>.

   [RFC3966]  Schulzrinne, H., "The tel URI for Telephone Numbers",
              RFC 3966, DOI 10.17487/RFC3966, December 2004,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3966>.

   [RFC5122]  Saint-Andre, P., "Internationalized Resource Identifiers
              (IRIs) and Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) for the
              Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP)",
              RFC 5122, DOI 10.17487/RFC5122, February 2008,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5122>.

   [RFC7230]  Fielding, R., Ed. and J. Reschke, Ed., "Hypertext Transfer
              Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Message Syntax and Routing",
              RFC 7230, DOI 10.17487/RFC7230, June 2014,
              <http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7230>.




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Acknowledgments

   Thanks to the following individuals for feedback: Bernard
   Desruisseaux, Mike Douglass, Lucia Fedorova, Ken Murchison, Arnaud
   Quillaud, and Dave Thewlis.

   This specification came about via discussions at the Calendaring and
   Scheduling Consortium.

Author's Address

   Cyrus Daboo
   Apple Inc.
   1 Infinite Loop
   Cupertino, CA  95014
   United States of America

   Email: cyrus@daboo.name
   URI:   http://www.apple.com/
































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