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INFORMATIONAL

Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)                            W. Kim
Request for Comments: 8269                                        J. Lee
Category: Informational                                          J. Park
ISSN: 2070-1721                                                  D. Kwon
                                                                    NSRI
                                                                  D. Kim
                                                           Kookmin Univ.
                                                            October 2017


                  The ARIA Algorithm and Its Use with
             the Secure Real-Time Transport Protocol (SRTP)

Abstract

   This document defines the use of the ARIA block cipher algorithm
   within the Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP).  It details
   two modes of operation (CTR and GCM) and the SRTP key derivation
   functions for ARIA.  Additionally, this document defines DTLS-SRTP
   protection profiles and Multimedia Internet KEYing (MIKEY) parameter
   sets for use with ARIA.

Status of This Memo

   This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is
   published for informational purposes.

   This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force
   (IETF).  It represents the consensus of the IETF community.  It has
   received public review and has been approved for publication by the
   Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG).  Not all documents
   approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet
   Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 7841.

   Information about the current status of this document, any errata,
   and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at
   https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8269.














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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2017 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

   This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
   Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
   (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
   publication of this document.  Please review these documents
   carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect
   to this document.  Code Components extracted from this document must
   include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of
   the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as
   described in the Simplified BSD License.

Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.1.  ARIA  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     1.2.  Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
   2.  Cryptographic Transforms  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     2.1.  ARIA-CTR  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   3
     2.2.  ARIA-GCM  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   3.  Key Derivation Functions  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   4.  Protection Profiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   4
   5.  Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   7
   6.  IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     6.1.  DTLS-SRTP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
     6.2.  MIKEY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   8
   7.  References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     7.1.  Normative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .   9
     7.2.  Informative References  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  11
   Appendix A.  Test Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
     A.1.  ARIA-CTR Test Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       A.1.1.  SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80  . . . . . . . . . . .  12
       A.1.2.  SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80  . . . . . . . . . . .  13
     A.2.  ARIA-GCM Test Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       A.2.1.  SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_128_GCM  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  14
       A.2.2.  SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_256_GCM  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
     A.3.  Key Derivation Test Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
       A.3.1.  ARIA_128_CTR_PRF  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  15
       A.3.2.  ARIA_256_CTR_PRF  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  17
   Authors' Addresses  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  19








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1.  Introduction

   This document defines the use of the ARIA block cipher algorithm
   [RFC5794] in the Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP) [RFC3711]
   for providing confidentiality for Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP)
   [RFC3550] traffic and for RTP Control Protocol (RTCP) [RFC3550]
   traffic.

1.1.  ARIA

   ARIA is a general-purpose block cipher algorithm developed by Korean
   cryptographers in 2003.  It is an iterated block cipher with 128-,
   192-, and 256-bit keys and encrypts 128-bit blocks in 12, 14, and 16
   rounds, depending on the key size.  It is secure and suitable for
   most software and hardware implementations on 32-bit and 8-bit
   processors.  It was established as a Korean standard block cipher
   algorithm in 2004 [ARIAKS] and has been widely used in Korea,
   especially for government-to-public services.  It was included in
   Public-Key Cryptography Standards (PKCS) #11 in 2007 [ARIAPKCS].  The
   algorithm specification and object identifiers are described in
   [RFC5794].

1.2.  Terminology

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "NOT RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and
   "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in BCP
   14 [RFC2119] [RFC8174] when, and only when, they appear in all
   capitals, as shown here.

2.  Cryptographic Transforms

   Block ciphers ARIA and AES share common characteristics including
   mode, key size, and block size.  ARIA does not have any restrictions
   for modes of operation that are used with this block cipher.  We
   define two modes of running ARIA within SRTP: (1) ARIA in Counter
   Mode (ARIA-CTR) and (2) ARIA in Galois/Counter Mode (ARIA-GCM).

2.1.  ARIA-CTR

   Section 4.1.1 of [RFC3711] defines AES-128 counter mode encryption,
   which it refers to as "AES_CM".  Section 2 of [RFC6188] defines
   "AES_256_CM" in SRTP.  ARIA counter modes are defined in the same
   manner except that each invocation of AES is replaced by that of ARIA
   [RFC5794] and are denoted by ARIA_128_CTR and ARIA_256_CTR,
   respectively, according to the key lengths.  The plaintext inputs to
   the block cipher are formed as in AES-CTR (AES_CM, AES_256_CM) and
   the block cipher outputs are processed as in AES-CTR.  Note that,



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   ARIA-CTR MUST be used only in conjunction with an authentication
   transform.

   Section 3.2 of [RFC6904] defines AES-CTR for SRTP header extension
   keystream generation.  When ARIA-CTR is used, the header extension
   keystream SHALL be generated in the same manner except that each
   invocation of AES is replaced by that of ARIA [RFC5794].

2.2.  ARIA-GCM

   Galois/Counter Mode [GCM] [RFC5116] is an Authenticated Encryption
   with Associated Data (AEAD) block cipher mode.  A detailed
   description of ARIA-GCM is defined similarly as AES-GCM found in
   [RFC5116] and [RFC5282].

   [RFC7714] describes the use of AES-GCM with SRTP.  The use of ARIA-
   GCM with SRTP is defined the same as AES-GCM except that each
   invocation of AES is replaced by ARIA [RFC5794].  When encryption of
   header extensions [RFC6904] is in use, a separate keystream to
   encrypt selected RTP header extension elements MUST be generated in
   the same manner defined in [RFC7714] except that AES-CTR is replaced
   by ARIA-CTR.

3.  Key Derivation Functions

   Section 4.3.3 of [RFC3711] defines the AES-128 counter mode key
   derivation function, which it refers to as "AES-CM PRF".  Section 3
   of [RFC6188] defines the AES-256 counter mode key derivation
   function, which it refers to as "AES_256_CM_PRF".  The ARIA-CTR
   Pseudorandom Function (PRF) is defined in a same manner except that
   each invocation of AES is replaced by that of ARIA.  According to the
   key lengths of the underlying encryption algorithm, ARIA-CTR PRFs are
   denoted by "ARIA_128_CTR_PRF" and "ARIA_256_CTR_PRF".  The usage
   requirements of [RFC6188] and [RFC7714] regarding the AES-CM PRF
   apply to the ARIA-CTR PRF as well.

4.  Protection Profiles

   This section defines SRTP protection profiles that use the ARIA
   transforms and key derivation functions defined in this document.
   The following list indicates the SRTP transform parameters for each
   protection profile.  Those are described for use with DTLS-SRTP
   [RFC5764].

   The parameters cipher_key_length, cipher_salt_length,
   auth_key_length, and auth_tag_length express the number of bits in
   the values to which they refer.  The maximum_lifetime parameter
   indicates the maximum number of packets that can be protected with



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   each single set of keys when the parameter profile is in use.  All of
   these parameters apply to both RTP and RTCP, unless the RTCP
   parameters are separately specified.

   SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80
           cipher:                   ARIA_128_CTR
           cipher_key_length:        128 bits
           cipher_salt_length:       112 bits
           key derivation function:  ARIA_128_CTR_PRF
           auth_function:            HMAC-SHA1
           auth_key_length:          160 bits
           auth_tag_length:          80 bits
           maximum_lifetime:         at most 2^31 SRTCP packets and
                                     at most 2^48 SRTP packets

   SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_32
           cipher:                   ARIA_128_CTR
           cipher_key_length:        128 bits
           cipher_salt_length:       112 bits
           key derivation function:  ARIA_128_CTR_PRF
           auth_function:            HMAC-SHA1
           auth_key_length:          160 bits
           SRTP auth_tag_length:     32 bits
           SRTCP auth_tag_length:    80 bits
           maximum_lifetime:         at most 2^31 SRTCP packets and
                                     at most 2^48 SRTP packets

   SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80
           cipher:                   ARIA_256_CTR
           cipher_key_length:        256 bits
           cipher_salt_length:       112 bits
           key derivation function:  ARIA_256_CTR_PRF
           auth_function:            HMAC-SHA1
           auth_key_length:          160 bits
           auth_tag_length:          80 bits
           maximum_lifetime:         at most 2^31 SRTCP packets and
                                     at most 2^48 SRTP packets














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   SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_32
           cipher:                   ARIA_256_CTR
           cipher_key_length:        256 bits
           cipher_salt_length:       112 bits
           key derivation function:  ARIA_256_CTR_PRF
           auth_function:            HMAC-SHA1
           auth_key_length:          160 bits
           SRTP auth_tag_length:     32 bits
           SRTCP auth_tag_length:    80 bits
           maximum_lifetime:         at most 2^31 SRTCP packets and
                                     at most 2^48 SRTP packets

   SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_128_GCM
           cipher:                   ARIA_128_GCM
           cipher_key_length:        128 bits
           cipher_salt_length:       96 bits
           aead_auth_tag_length:     128 bits
           auth_function:            NULL
           auth_key_length:          N/A
           auth_tag_length:          N/A
           key derivation function:  ARIA_128_CTR_PRF
           maximum_lifetime:         at most 2^31 SRTCP packets and
                                     at most 2^48 SRTP packets

   SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_256_GCM
           cipher:                   ARIA_256_GCM
           cipher_key_length:        256 bits
           cipher_salt_length:       96 bits
           aead_auth_tag_length:     128 bits
           auth_function:            NULL
           auth_key_length:          N/A
           auth_tag_length:          N/A
           key derivation function:  ARIA_256_CTR_PRF
           maximum_lifetime:         at most 2^31 SRTCP packets and
                                     at most 2^48 SRTP packets

   The ARIA-CTR protection profiles use the same authentication
   transform that is mandatory to implement in SRTP: HMAC-SHA1 with a
   160-bit key.

   Note that SRTP protection profiles that use AEAD algorithms do not
   specify an auth_function, auth_key_length, or auth_tag_length, since
   they do not use a separate auth_function, auth_key, or auth_tag.  The
   term aead_auth_tag_length is used to emphasize that this refers to
   the authentication tag provided by the AEAD algorithm and that this
   tag is not located in the authentication tag field provided by SRTP/
   SRTCP.




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   The PRFs for ARIA protection profiles are defined by ARIA-CTR PRF of
   the equal key length with the encryption algorithm (see Section 2).
   SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC and SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_128_GCM MUST use the
   ARIA_128_CTR_PRF key derivation function.  And SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC
   and SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_256_GCM MUST use the ARIA_256_CTR_PRF key
   derivation function.

   MIKEY specifies the SRTP protection profile definition separately
   from the key length (which is specified by the session encryption key
   length) and the authentication tag length.  The DTLS-SRTP [RFC5764]
   protection profiles are mapped to MIKEY parameter sets as shown
   below.

                              +--------------------------------------+
                              | Encryption | Encryption | Auth.      |
                              | Algorithm  | Key Length | Tag Length |
                              +======================================+
    SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_80 |  ARIA-CTR  | 16 octets  | 10 octets  |
    SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_32 |  ARIA-CTR  | 16 octets  |  4 octets  |
    SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_80 |  ARIA-CTR  | 32 octets  | 10 octets  |
    SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_32 |  ARIA-CTR  | 32 octets  |  4 octets  |
                              +======================================+

       Figure 1: Mapping MIKEY Parameters to ARIA-CTR with the HMAC
                                 Algorithm

                              +--------------------------------------+
                              | Encryption | Encryption | AEAD Auth. |
                              | Algorithm  | Key Length | Tag Length |
                              +======================================+
       SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_128_GCM |  ARIA-GCM  | 16 octets  | 16 octets  |
       SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_256_GCM |  ARIA-GCM  | 32 octets  | 16 octets  |
                              +======================================+

       Figure 2: Mapping MIKEY Parameters to the ARIA-GCM Algorithm

5.  Security Considerations

   At the time of publication of this document, no security problem has
   been found on ARIA.  Previous security analysis results are
   summarized in [ATY].

   The security considerations in [GCM], [RFC3711], [RFC5116],
   [RFC6188], [RFC6904], and [RFC7714] apply to this document as well.
   This document includes crypto suites with authentication tags of a
   length less than 80 bits.  These suites MAY be used for certain
   application contexts where longer authentication tags may be
   undesirable, for example, those mentioned in [RFC3711], Section 7.5.



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   Otherwise, short authentication tags SHOULD NOT be used, since they
   may reduce authentication strength.  See [RFC3711], Section 9.5 for a
   discussion of risks related to weak authentication in SRTP.

   At the time of publication of this document, SRTP recommends HMAC-
   SHA1 as the default and mandatory-to-implement MAC algorithm.  All
   currently registered SRTP crypto suites except the GCM-based ones use
   HMAC-SHA1 as their HMAC algorithm to provide message authentication.
   Due to security concerns with SHA-1 [RFC6194], the IETF is gradually
   moving away from SHA-1 and towards stronger hash algorithms such as
   SHA-2 or SHA-3 families.  For SRTP, however, SHA-1 is only used in
   the calculation of an HMAC, and no security issue is known for this
   usage at the time of this publication.

6.  IANA Considerations

6.1.  DTLS-SRTP

   DTLS-SRTP [RFC5764] defines a DTLS-SRTP "SRTP protection profile".
   In order to allow the use of the algorithms defined in this document
   in DTLS-SRTP, IANA has added the following protection profiles below
   to the "DTLS-SRTP Protection Profiles" registry (see
   <http://www.iana.org/assignments/srtp-protection/>) created by
   [RFC5764]:

      SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80 = {0x00, 0x0B}
      SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_32 = {0x00, 0x0C}
      SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80 = {0x00, 0x0D}
      SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_32 = {0x00, 0x0E}
      SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_128_GCM = {0x00, 0x0F}
      SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_256_GCM = {0x00, 0x10}

6.2.  MIKEY

   [RFC3830] and [RFC5748] define encryption algorithms and PRFs for the
   SRTP policy in MIKEY.  In order to allow the use of the algorithms
   defined in this document in MIKEY, IANA has updated the "Multimedia
   Internet KEYing (MIKEY) Payload Name Spaces" registry (see
   <http://www.iana.org/assignments/mikey-payloads/>.)












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   IANA has registered the following two encryption algorithms in the
   "Encryption algorithm (Value 0)" subregistry within the "MIKEY
   Security Protocol Parameters" registry:

                         +---------------+-------+
                         | SRTP encr alg | Value |
                         +---------------+-------+
                         |    ARIA-CTR   |   7   |
                         |    ARIA-GCM   |   8   |
                         +---------------+-------+

   The default session encryption key length is 16 octets.

   IANA has registered the following PRF in the "SRTP Pseudo Random
   Function (Value 5)" subregistry within the "MIKEY Security Protocol
   Parameters" registry:

                           +----------+-------+
                           | SRTP PRF | Value |
                           +----------+-------+
                           | ARIA-CTR |   2   |
                           +----------+-------+

7.  References

7.1.  Normative References

   [GCM]      Dworkin, M., "Recommendation for Block Cipher Modes of
              Operation: Galois/Counter Mode (GCM) and GMAC", NIST
              Special publication 800-38D, DOI 10.6028/NIST.SP.800-38D,
              November 2007.

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.

   [RFC3550]  Schulzrinne, H., Casner, S., Frederick, R., and V.
              Jacobson, "RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time
              Applications", STD 64, RFC 3550, DOI 10.17487/RFC3550,
              July 2003, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3550>.

   [RFC3711]  Baugher, M., McGrew, D., Naslund, M., Carrara, E., and K.
              Norrman, "The Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)",
              RFC 3711, DOI 10.17487/RFC3711, March 2004,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3711>.





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   [RFC3830]  Arkko, J., Carrara, E., Lindholm, F., Naslund, M., and K.
              Norrman, "MIKEY: Multimedia Internet KEYing", RFC 3830,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC3830, August 2004,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc3830>.

   [RFC5116]  McGrew, D., "An Interface and Algorithms for Authenticated
              Encryption", RFC 5116, DOI 10.17487/RFC5116, January 2008,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5116>.

   [RFC5282]  Black, D. and D. McGrew, "Using Authenticated Encryption
              Algorithms with the Encrypted Payload of the Internet Key
              Exchange version 2 (IKEv2) Protocol", RFC 5282,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5282, August 2008,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5282>.

   [RFC5764]  McGrew, D. and E. Rescorla, "Datagram Transport Layer
              Security (DTLS) Extension to Establish Keys for the Secure
              Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)", RFC 5764,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5764, May 2010,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5764>.

   [RFC5794]  Lee, J., Lee, J., Kim, J., Kwon, D., and C. Kim, "A
              Description of the ARIA Encryption Algorithm", RFC 5794,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5794, March 2010,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5794>.

   [RFC6188]  McGrew, D., "The Use of AES-192 and AES-256 in Secure
              RTP", RFC 6188, DOI 10.17487/RFC6188, March 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6188>.

   [RFC6904]  Lennox, J., "Encryption of Header Extensions in the Secure
              Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)", RFC 6904,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC6904, April 2013,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6904>.

   [RFC7714]  McGrew, D. and K. Igoe, "AES-GCM Authenticated Encryption
              in the Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP)",
              RFC 7714, DOI 10.17487/RFC7714, December 2015,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc7714>.

   [RFC8174]  Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
              2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
              May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.








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7.2.  Informative References

   [ARIAKS]   Korean Agency for Technology and Standards, "128 bit block
              encryption algorithm ARIA - Part 1: General (in Korean)",
              KS X 1213-1:2014, December 2014.

   [ARIAPKCS]
              RSA Laboratories, "Additional PKCS #11 Mechanisms",
              PKCS #11 v2.20, Amendment 3, Revision 1, January 2007.

   [ATY]      Abdelkhalek, A., Tolba, M., and A. Youssef, "Improved
              Linear Cryptanalysis of Round-Reduced ARIA", Information
              Security - ISC 2016, Lecture Notes in Computer Science
              (LNCS), Vol. 9866, pp. 18-34,
              DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-45871-7_2, September 2016.

   [RFC5748]  Yoon, S., Jeong, J., Kim, H., Jeong, H., and Y. Won, "IANA
              Registry Update for Support of the SEED Cipher Algorithm
              in Multimedia Internet KEYing (MIKEY)", RFC 5748,
              DOI 10.17487/RFC5748, August 2010,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5748>.

   [RFC6194]  Polk, T., Chen, L., Turner, S., and P. Hoffman, "Security
              Considerations for the SHA-0 and SHA-1 Message-Digest
              Algorithms", RFC 6194, DOI 10.17487/RFC6194, March 2011,
              <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6194>.

























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Appendix A.  Test Vectors

   All values are in hexadecimal and represented by the network order
   (called big endian).

A.1.  ARIA-CTR Test Vectors

   Common values are organized as follows:

      Rollover Counter:          00000000
      Sequence Number:           315e
      SSRC:                      20e8f5eb
      Authentication Key:        f93563311b354748c978913795530631
                                 16452309
      Session Salt:              cd3a7c42c671e0067a2a2639b43a
      Initialization Vector:     cd3a7c42e69915ed7a2a263985640000
      RTP Header:                8008315ebf2e6fe020e8f5eb
      RTP Payload:               f57af5fd4ae19562976ec57a5a7ad55a
                                 5af5c5e5c5fdf5c55ad57a4a7272d572
                                 62e9729566ed66e97ac54a4a5a7ad5e1
                                 5ae5fdd5fd5ac5d56ae56ad5c572d54a
                                 e54ac55a956afd6aed5a4ac562957a95
                                 16991691d572fd14e97ae962ed7a9f4a
                                 955af572e162f57a956666e17ae1f54a
                                 95f566d54a66e16e4afd6a9f7ae1c5c5
                                 5ae5d56afde916c5e94a6ec56695e14a
                                 fde1148416e94ad57ac5146ed59d1cc5

      Note:
      SSRC = Synchronization Source


A.1.1.  SRTP_ARIA_128_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80

      Session Key:               0c5ffd37a11edc42c325287fc0604f2e

      Encrypted RTP Payload:     1bf753f412e6f35058cc398dc851aae3
                                 a6ccdcb463fbed9cfb3de2fb76fdffa9
                                 e481f5efb64c92487f59dabbc7cc72da
                                 092485f3fbad87888820b86037311fa4
                                 4330e18a59a1e1338ba2c21458493a57
                                 463475c54691f91cec785429119e0dfc
                                 d9048f90e07fecd50b528e8c62ee6e71
                                 445de5d7f659405135aff3604c2ca4ff
                                 4aaca40809cb9eee42cc4ad232307570
                                 81ca289f2851d3315e9568b501fdce6d





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RFC 8269                 ARIA Algorithm for SRTP            October 2017


      Authenticated Portion || Rollover Counter:
                                 8008315ebf2e6fe020e8f5eb1bf753f4
                                 12e6f35058cc398dc851aae3a6ccdcb4
                                 63fbed9cfb3de2fb76fdffa9e481f5ef
                                 b64c92487f59dabbc7cc72da092485f3
                                 fbad87888820b86037311fa44330e18a
                                 59a1e1338ba2c21458493a57463475c5
                                 4691f91cec785429119e0dfcd9048f90
                                 e07fecd50b528e8c62ee6e71445de5d7
                                 f659405135aff3604c2ca4ff4aaca408
                                 09cb9eee42cc4ad23230757081ca289f
                                 2851d3315e9568b501fdce6d00000000

      Authentication Tag:        f9de4e729054672b0e35

A.1.2.  SRTP_ARIA_256_CTR_HMAC_SHA1_80

      Session Key:               0c5ffd37a11edc42c325287fc0604f2e
                                 3e8cd5671a00fe3216aa5eb105783b54

      Encrypted RTP Payload:     c424c59fd5696305e5b13d8e8ca76566
                                 17ccd7471088af9debf07b55c750f804
                                 a5ac2b737be48140958a9b420524112a
                                 e72e4da5bca59d2b1019ddd7dbdc30b4
                                 3d5f046152ced40947d62d2c93e7b8e5
                                 0f02db2b6b61b010e4c1566884de1fa9
                                 702cdf8157e8aedfe3dd77c76bb50c25
                                 ae4d624615c15acfdeeb5f79482aaa01
                                 d3e4c05eb601eca2bd10518e9d46b021
                                 16359232e9eac0fabd05235dd09e6dea

      Authenticated Portion || Rollover Counter:
                                 8008315ebf2e6fe020e8f5ebc424c59f
                                 d5696305e5b13d8e8ca7656617ccd747
                                 1088af9debf07b55c750f804a5ac2b73
                                 7be48140958a9b420524112ae72e4da5
                                 bca59d2b1019ddd7dbdc30b43d5f0461
                                 52ced40947d62d2c93e7b8e50f02db2b
                                 6b61b010e4c1566884de1fa9702cdf81
                                 57e8aedfe3dd77c76bb50c25ae4d6246
                                 15c15acfdeeb5f79482aaa01d3e4c05e
                                 b601eca2bd10518e9d46b02116359232
                                 e9eac0fabd05235dd09e6dea00000000

      Authentication Tag:        192f515fab04bbb4e62c






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RFC 8269                 ARIA Algorithm for SRTP            October 2017


A.2.  ARIA-GCM Test Vectors

   Common values are organized as follows:

      Rollover Counter:          00000000
      Sequence Number:           315e
      SSRC:                      20e8f5eb
      Encryption Salt:           000000000000000000000000

      Initialization Vector:     000020e8f5eb00000000315e
      RTP Payload:               f57af5fd4ae19562976ec57a5a7ad55a
                                 5af5c5e5c5fdf5c55ad57a4a7272d572
                                 62e9729566ed66e97ac54a4a5a7ad5e1
                                 5ae5fdd5fd5ac5d56ae56ad5c572d54a
                                 e54ac55a956afd6aed5a4ac562957a95
                                 16991691d572fd14e97ae962ed7a9f4a
                                 955af572e162f57a956666e17ae1f54a
                                 95f566d54a66e16e4afd6a9f7ae1c5c5
                                 5ae5d56afde916c5e94a6ec56695e14a
                                 fde1148416e94ad57ac5146ed59d1cc5
      Associated Data:           8008315ebf2e6fe020e8f5eb

   The encrypted RTP payload is longer than the RTP payload by exactly
   the GCM authentication tag length (16 octets).

A.2.1.  SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_128_GCM


      Key:                       e91e5e75da65554a48181f3846349562

      Encrypted RTP Payload:     4d8a9a0675550c704b17d8c9ddc81a5c
                                 d6f7da34f2fe1b3db7cb3dfb9697102e
                                 a0f3c1fc2dbc873d44bceeae8e444297
                                 4ba21ff6789d3272613fb9631a7cf3f1
                                 4bacbeb421633a90ffbe58c2fa6bdca5
                                 34f10d0de0502ce1d531b6336e588782
                                 78531e5c22bc6c85bbd784d78d9e680a
                                 a19031aaf89101d669d7a3965c1f7e16
                                 229d7463e0535f4e253f5d18187d40b8
                                 ae0f564bd970b5e7e2adfb211e89a953
                                 5abace3f37f5a736f4be984bbffbedc1










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RFC 8269                 ARIA Algorithm for SRTP            October 2017


A.2.2.  SRTP_AEAD_ARIA_256_GCM

      Key:                       0c5ffd37a11edc42c325287fc0604f2e
                                 3e8cd5671a00fe3216aa5eb105783b54

      Encrypted RTP Payload:     6f9e4bcbc8c85fc0128fb1e4a0a20cb9
                                 932ff74581f54fc013dd054b19f99371
                                 425b352d97d3f337b90b63d1b082adee
                                 ea9d2d7391897d591b985e55fb50cb53
                                 50cf7d38dc27dda127c078a149c8eb98
                                 083d66363a46e3726af217d3a00275ad
                                 5bf772c7610ea4c23006878f0ee69a83
                                 97703169a419303f40b72e4573714d19
                                 e2697df61e7c7252e5abc6bade876ac4
                                 961bfac4d5e867afca351a48aed52822
                                 e210d6ced2cf430ff841472915e7ef48

A.3.  Key Derivation Test Vectors

   This section provides test vectors for the default key derivation
   function that uses ARIA in Counter Mode.  In the following, we walk
   through the initial key derivation for the ARIA Counter Mode cipher
   that requires a session encryption key of 16/24/32 octets according
   to the session encryption key length, a 14-octet session salt, and an
   authentication function that requires a 94-octet session
   authentication key.  These values are called the cipher key, the
   cipher salt, and the auth key in the following.  The test vectors are
   generated in the same way with the test vectors of key derivation
   functions in [RFC3711] and [RFC6188] but with each invocation of AES
   replaced with an invocation of ARIA.

A.3.1.  ARIA_128_CTR_PRF

   The inputs to the key derivation function are the 16-octet master key
   and the 14-octet master salt:

     master key:  e1f97a0d3e018be0d64fa32c06de4139
     master salt: 0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6

     index DIV kdr:                 000000000000
     label:                       00
     master salt:   0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6
     -----------------------------------------------
     xor:           0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6     (x, PRF input)

     x*2^16:        0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe60000 (ARIA-CTR input)

     cipher key:    dbd85a3c4d9219b3e81f7d942e299de4 (ARIA-CTR output)



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RFC 8269                 ARIA Algorithm for SRTP            October 2017


   ARIA-CTR protection profile requires a 14-octet cipher salt while
   ARIA-GCM protection profile requires a 12-octet cipher salt.

     index DIV kdr:                 000000000000
     label:                       02
     master salt:   0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6
     ----------------------------------------------
     xor:           0ec675ad498afee9b6960b3aabe6     (x, PRF input)

     x*2^16:        0ec675ad498afee9b6960b3aabe60000 (ARIA-CTR input)

                    9700657f5f34161830d7d85f5dc8be7f (ARIA-CTR output)

     cipher salt:   9700657f5f34161830d7d85f5dc8     (ARIA-CTR profile)
                    9700657f5f34161830d7d85f         (ARIA-GCM profile)
     index DIV kdr:                 000000000000
     label:                       01
     master salt:   0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6
     -----------------------------------------------
     xor:           0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe6     (x, PRF input)

     x*2^16:        0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60000 (ARIA-CTR input)

   Below, the auth key is shown on the left, while the corresponding
   ARIA input blocks are shown on the right.

     auth key                          ARIA input blocks

     d021877bd3eaf92d581ed70ddc050e03  0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60000
     f11257032676f2a29f57b21abd3a1423  0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60001
     769749bdc5dd9ca5b43ca6b6c1f3a7de  0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60002
     4047904bcf811f601cc03eaa5d7af6db  0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60003
     9f88efa2e51ca832fc2a15b126fa7be2  0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60004
     469af896acb1852c31d822c45799      0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60005

















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RFC 8269                 ARIA Algorithm for SRTP            October 2017


A.3.2.  ARIA_256_CTR_PRF

   The inputs to the key derivation function are the 32-octet master key
   and the 14-octet master salt:

     master key:  0c5ffd37a11edc42c325287fc0604f2e
                  3e8cd5671a00fe3216aa5eb105783b54
     master salt: 0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6

     index DIV kdr:               000000000000
     label:                     00
     master salt: 0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6
     -----------------------------------------------
     xor:         0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6     (x, PRF input)

     x*2^16:      0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe60000 (ARIA-CTR input)

     cipher key:  0649a09d93755fe9c2b2efba1cce930a (ARIA-CTR 1st output)
                  f2e76ce8b77e4b175950321aa94b0cf4 (ARIA-CTR 2nd output)

   ARIA-CTR protection profile requires a 14-octet cipher salt while
   ARIA-GCM protection profile requires a 12-octet cipher salt.

     index DIV kdr:                000000000000
     label:                      02
     master salt:  0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6
     ----------------------------------------------
     xor:          0ec675ad498afee9b6960b3aabe6     (x, PRF input)

     x*2^16:       0ec675ad498afee9b6960b3aabe60000 (ARIA-CTR input)

                   194abaa8553a8eba8a413a340fc80a3d (ARIA-CTR output)

     cipher salt:  194abaa8553a8eba8a413a340fc8     (ARIA-CTR profile)
                   194abaa8553a8eba8a413a34         (ARIA-GCM profile)

     index DIV kdr:                000000000000
     label:                      01
     master salt:  0ec675ad498afeebb6960b3aabe6
     -----------------------------------------------
     xor:          0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe6     (x, PRF input)

     x*2^16:       0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60000 (ARIA-CTR input)








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RFC 8269                 ARIA Algorithm for SRTP            October 2017


   Below, the auth key is shown on the left, while the corresponding
   ARIA input blocks are shown on the right.

     auth key                           ARIA input blocks

     e58d42915873b71899234807334658f2   0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60000
     0bc460181d06e02b7a9e60f02ff10bfc   0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60001
     9ade3795cf78f3e0f2556d9d913470c4   0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60002
     e82e45d254bfb8e2933851a3930ffe7d   0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60003
     fca751c03ec1e77e35e28dac4f17d1a5   0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60004
     80bdac028766d3b1e8f5a41faa3c       0ec675ad498afeeab6960b3aabe60005








































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Authors' Addresses

   Woo-Hwan Kim
   National Security Research Institute
   P.O. Box 1, Yuseong
   Daejeon  34188
   Korea

   Email: whkim5@nsr.re.kr


   Jungkeun Lee
   National Security Research Institute
   P.O. Box 1, Yuseong
   Daejeon  34188
   Korea

   Email: jklee@nsr.re.kr


   Je-Hong Park
   National Security Research Institute
   P.O. Box 1, Yuseong
   Daejeon  34188
   Korea

   Email: jhpark@nsr.re.kr


   Daesung Kwon
   National Security Research Institute
   P.O. Box 1, Yuseong
   Daejeon  34188
   Korea

   Email: ds_kwon@nsr.re.kr


   Dong-Chan Kim
   Kookmin University
   77 Jeongneung-ro, Seongbuk-gu
   Seoul  02707
   Korea

   Email: dckim@kookmin.ac.kr






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