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This memo defines a new Relay Agent Identifier suboption for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol's (DHCP) Relay Agent Information option. The suboption carries a unique identifier configured or generated at the relay agent. The suboption allows a DHCP relay agent to include the unique identifier in the DHCP messages it sends.
3. Suboption Format
4. Generating a Relay Identifier
5. Security Considerations
6. IANA Considerations
7. Normative References
§ Author's Address
§ Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements
The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv4 (DHCPv4) [RFC2131] (Droms, R., “Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol,” March 1997.) provides IP addresses and configuration information for IPv4 clients. It includes a relay agent capability, in which network elements receive broadcast messages from clients and forward them to DHCP servers as unicast messages. In many network environments, relay agents add information to the DHCP messages before forwarding them, using the Relay Agent Information option [RFC3046] (Patrick, M., “DHCP Relay Agent Information Option,” January 2001.). Servers that recognize the relay information option echo it back in their replies.
DHCP typically identifies clients based on information in their DHCP messages - such as the Client-Identifier option, or the value of the chaddr field. In some networks, however, the location of a client, its point of attachment to the network, is a more useful identifier. In factory-floor networks (commonly called 'Industrial' networks), for example, the role a device plays is often fixed and based on its location. Using manual address configuration is possible (and is common), but it would be beneficial if DHCP configuration could be applied to these networks.
One way to provide connection-based identifiers for industrial networks is to have the network elements acting as DHCP relay agents supply information that the DHCP server can use as a client identifier. A straightforward way to form identifier information is to combine something that is unique within the scope of the network element with something that uniquely identifies that network element. There are several possibilities, but to improve interoperability we describe a dedicated identifier that can be associated with the network element and conveyed in a consistent way.
This specification introduces a Relay Agent Identifier suboption for the Relay Information option. The Relay-Id suboption carries an sequence of octets that is intended to identify the relay agent uniquely within the administrative domain. The identifier may be administratively configured: in some networks it may be adequate to assign strings such as "switch1" and "switch2". Alternatively, the identifier may be generated by the relay agent itself, and we specify an algorithm from [RFC3315] (Droms, R., Bound, J., Volz, B., Lemon, T., Perkins, C., and M. Carney, “Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6),” July 2003.) for this purpose.
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119] (Bradner, S., “Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels,” March 1997.).
DHCPv4 terminology is defined in [RFC2131] (Droms, R., “Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol,” March 1997.), and the DHCPv4 Relay Agent Information Option in [RFC3046] (Patrick, M., “DHCP Relay Agent Information Option,” January 2001.). DUID terminology is in [RFC3315] (Droms, R., Bound, J., Volz, B., Lemon, T., Perkins, C., and M. Carney, “Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6),” July 2003.).
Format of the Relay Agent Identifier suboption:
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ |SUBOPT_RELAY_ID| length | | +-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ id (variable) | . . . . . . +---------------------------------------------------------------+ Where: SUBOPT_RELAY_ID [TBD] length the number of octets in the identifier; the minimum length is one. id 'length' octets of identifier
As described in Section 1 (Introduction), in some situations it may be useful for network devices to generate identifiers themselves. Relay agents who send the Relay Agent Identifier suboption using identifiers that are not administratively-configured MUST be generated following the procedures in the DUID section of [RFC3315] (Droms, R., Bound, J., Volz, B., Lemon, T., Perkins, C., and M. Carney, “Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6),” July 2003.). Relay agents who use generated identifiers should make the generated value available to their administrators via their user-interface, through a log entry, or through some other mechanism.
Security issues with the Relay Agent Information option and its use by servers in address assignment are discussed in [RFC3046] (Patrick, M., “DHCP Relay Agent Information Option,” January 2001.) and [RFC4030] (Stapp, M. and T. Lemon, “The Authentication Suboption for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Relay Agent Option,” March 2005.). Relay agents who send the Relay Agent Identifier suboption SHOULD use the Relay Agent Authentication suboption [RFC4030] (Stapp, M. and T. Lemon, “The Authentication Suboption for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Relay Agent Option,” March 2005.) to provide integrity protection.
We request that IANA assign a new suboption code from the registry of DHCP Agent Sub-Option Codes maintained in http://www.iana.org/assignments/bootp-dhcp-parameters.
Relay Agent Identifier Suboption [TBD]
|[RFC2131]||Droms, R., “Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol,” RFC 2131, March 1997 (TXT, HTML, XML).|
|[RFC3046]||Patrick, M., “DHCP Relay Agent Information Option,” RFC 3046, January 2001 (TXT).|
|[RFC3315]||Droms, R., Bound, J., Volz, B., Lemon, T., Perkins, C., and M. Carney, “Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6),” RFC 3315, July 2003 (TXT).|
|[RFC2119]||Bradner, S., “Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels,” BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997 (TXT, HTML, XML).|
|[RFC4030]||Stapp, M. and T. Lemon, “The Authentication Suboption for the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Relay Agent Option,” RFC 4030, March 2005 (TXT).|
|Cisco Systems, Inc.|
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