ECRIT B.R. Rosen
Internet-Draft NeuStar
Intended status: Standards Track H. Tschofenig
Expires: August 23, 2013 Nokia Siemens Networks
R. Marshall
TeleCommunication Systems, Inc.
R. Gellens
Qualcomm Technologies, Inc.
February 19, 2013

Additional Data related to an Emergency Call
draft-ietf-ecrit-additional-data-06.txt

Abstract

When an emergency call is sent to a Public Safety Answering Point (PSAP), the device that sends it, as well as any service provider in the path of the call, or access network through which the call originated may have information about the call which the PSAP may be able to use. This document describes an XML data structure to contains such data and a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) for conveying the data to the PSAP. The URI may point to either an external resource, or the body of the SIP message.

Status of This Memo

This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-Drafts is at http://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.

Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."

This Internet-Draft will expire on August 23, 2013.

Copyright Notice

Copyright (c) 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved.

This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License.


Table of Contents

1. Introduction

This document extends the basic signaling of an emergency call as described in [RFC6443] and [I-D.ietf-ecrit-phonebcp] in order to carry additional data which may be useful to an entity handling the call. This data is "additional" to the basic signaling used in processing the call.

Three general categories of such data are defined, for the caller, the location, the call, and the PSAP. An XML data structure is defined for such data, and a means of conveying the data by including a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) in the SIP signaling which resolves to the data. The data itself may reside on an external resource, or may be contained within the BODY of the SIP message.

In general, there are three types of data exchanged:

Data Associated with a Call:
While information is carried in the call setup procedure itself (as part of the SIP headers as well as in the body of the SIP message), there is additional data known by the device making the call, or a service provider in the path of the call. This information may include the identity and contact information of the service provider, subscriber identity and contact information, the type of service the provider offers, what kind of device is being used, etc. Some data is device or service dependent data. For example, a car telematics system or service may have crash information. A medical monitoring device may have sensor data. While the details of the information may vary by device or service, there needs to be a common way to send such data to a PSAP.
Data Associated with a Location:
There may be data that is specific to the location not available in the location data structure (PIDF-LO [RFC4119]) itself, such as floor plan, tenant and building owner contact data, HVAC status, etc.
Data Associated with a Caller:
This is personal data about a caller, such as medical information and emergency contact data.

When an emergency call is sent to a PSAP, while there is a rich set of data in the SIP message used for the call setup, the device, as well as any service provider in the path may have even more information that may be useful for a PSAP.

This document focuses on additional data associated with an emergent call and a mechanism for transporting it in an existing SIP header field, the Call-Info header, which is specified in Section 20.9 of [RFC3261]. For this purpose a new token, namely 'emergencyCallData' is defined to be carried in the "purpose" parameter. If the "purpose" parameter is set to 'emergencyCallData' then the Call-Info header contains a HTTPS URL that resolves to a data structure with information about the call, or is a CID that allows the data structure itself to be placed in the body of the message. Section 10 shows a SIP INVITE example containing such a Call-Info header using the purpose parameter. The "purpose" parameter also contains an indication of what kind of data is available at the URI.

Besides a service provider in the path of a call, the access network (which in the IETF emergency call architecture provides location in the form of a PIDF-LO [RFC4119]) also has similar information that may be valuable to the PSAP. This information is not specific to the location itsef, but rather provides descriptive information having to do with the immediate circumstances about the provision of the location (who the access network is, how to contact that entity, what kind of service the access network provides, possibly subscriber data, etc.). This data is similar in nearly every respect with the data known by service providers in the path of the call. When the access network and service provider are separate, the access network doesn't participate in the call path (and hence cannot add a Call-Info' header field), but may provide a PIDF-LO for emergency purposes. The 'provided-by' element of the PIDF-LO is a mechanism for the access network to supply the information. For this reason, this document describes a namespace per [RFC4119] for inclusion in the "provided-by" element of a PDIF-LO for adding information known to the access network.

The data described in this document is represented as one or more "blocks" of information. Each of the blocks is a MIME type, and an extensible set of these types constitute the data set. A registry is defined to list the block types that may be included. This document only defines blocks relevant to data associated with the call. Other forms of additional data may use this mechanism to carry data, but those blocks are not defined in this document.

Devices or services may have data useful to PSAPs and emergency responders that is specific to the type of device or service providing the data. An example is telematics data available from vehicles equipped with sensors and mechanisms to provide the sensor data (for example, the VEDS data set). The mechanism described in this document can be used to provide such data by defining a MIME type and including a reference to the data in the Call-Info header. PSAPS and emergency responders have to be prepared in advance to handle such data, and may or may not choose to accept it. To control the types of data a PSAP or responder may encounter using this mechanism, a registry of data sets is created by this document. The registry allows the PSAP, responder, or entity processing the call to identify in advance the types of data it is prepared to accept, and fetch or access only those types.

2. Terminology

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in RFC 2119 [RFC2119].

In the data block definitions, the "Use:" values are specified as one of:

Mandatory
which means they MUST be present in the data structure.
Conditional
which means they MUST be present unless the specified condition is met, in which case the they MAY be present.
Optional
which means they MAY be present.

3. Block Overview

The following section defines an initial set of blocks which may be sent by value or by reference in SIP signaling or within a PIDF-LO. For each block, we define the MIME type, and the XML data structure for the block. Blocks are defined for:

Data Provider
which supplies name and contact information for the entity that created the data.
Service Information
which supplies information about the service provided by a service provider.
Device Information
which supplies information about the device placing the call.
Owner/Subscriber
which supplies information about the owner of the device or the subscriber to the service provider.
Comment
which provides a way to supply free form human readable text to the PSAP or emergency responders.

PSAPs and emergency responders can examine the type of data provided and selectively retrieve the data each is interested in, while forwarding all of it (the values or references) to downstream entities.

Blocks can be sent by value (the data in the SIP body or PIDF-LO) or by reference (the data is retrieved via HTTPS from an external server). Data may be provided by the device and/or one or more service providers. For example, the device may provide device specific information by value, a telematics service provider may provide its contact data and data derived from the sensor data (e.g., injury prediction) by reference, and a carrier may provide its contact data by value, all in the same SIP INVITE.

The access network MAY supply additional data as well, by including the data within a Provided-By element of a PDIF-LO object it returns for emergency use (e.g., if requested with a HELD "responseTime" attribute of "emergencyRouting" or "emergencyDispatch"). Access networks are expected to normally supply such information by reference (by including an HTTPS URI within the Provided-By element). This document defines a namespace and adds the namespace to the "provided-by" registry defined by PIDF-LO [RFC4119].

4. Transmitting Blocks of Additional Data

One or more blocks of data registered in the Emergency Call Additional Data registry as defined in Section 14.1 may be included or referenced in the SIP signaling (using the Call-Info header field) or in the provided-by element of a PIDF-LO. Each block is a MIME type, and any set of blocks may be included.

Additional data about a call is defined as a series of MIME objects, each with an XML data structure contained inside. As usual, whenever more than one MIME part is included in the body of a message, MIME-multipart (i.e., 'multipart/mixed') encloses them all. The sections below define the XML schema and MIME types used for each block. When additional data is passed by value in the SIP signaling, each CID URL points to one block in the body. Multiple URIs are used within a Call-Info header field (or multiple Call-Info header fields) to point to multiple blocks. When additional data is provided by reference (in SIP signaling or Provided-By), each HTTPS URL references one block; the data is retrieved with an HTTP Get operation, which returns one of the blocks as an XML object.

A registry of allowed types is created by this document. Every block MUST be one of the types in the registry.

In regions where callers can elect to suppress certain personally identifying information, the network or PSAP functionality can inspect privacy flags within the SIP headers to determine what information may be passed, stored, or displayed to comply with local policy or law.

Each entity adding Additional Information MUST supply the "Data Provider" block. All other blocks are optional, but each entity SHOULD supply any blocks where it has at least some of the information in the block.

4.1. Transmitting blocks using Call-Info

A URI to a block MAY be inserted in a SIP request or response method (most often INVITE or MESSAGE) with a Call-Info header field containing a purpose of "emergencyCallData" together with the type of data available at the URI. The type of data is denoted by including the root of the MIME type (not including the emergencyCall prefix and the +xml suffix) with a "." separator. For example, when referencing a block with MIME type 'application/emergencyCall.ProviderInfo+xml', the 'purpose' parameter is set to 'emergencyCallData.ProviderInfo'. An example "Call-Info" header field for this would be:

Call-Info:
https:23sedde3@example.com; purpose="emergencyCallData.ProviderInfo"

The Call-info header with purpose='emergencyCallData' MUST only be sent on an emergency call, which can be ascertained by the presence of an emergency service urn in a Route header of a SIP message.

If the data is provided by reference, it may be retrieved with an HTTPS Get from the URI. The URI MUST specify an HTTPS scheme, and TLS protection for the data MUST be negotiated.

The data may also be supplied by value in a SIP message. In this case, Content Indirection (CID) [RFC2392] is used, with the CID URL referencing the MIME body part.

More than one Call-Info header with an emergencyCallData purpose can be expected, but at least one MUST be provided. The device MUST provide one if it knows no service provider is in the path of the call. The device MAY insert one if it uses a service provider. Any service provider in the path of the call MUST insert its own. For example, a device, a telematics service provider in the call path, as well as the mobile carrier handling the call will each provide one. There may be circumstances where there is a service provider who is unaware that the call is an emergency call and cannot reasonably be expected to determine that it is an emergency call. In that case, that service provider is not expected to provide emergencyCallData.

4.2. Transmitting blocks by reference using Provided-By

The 'emergencyCallDataReference' element is used to transmit an additional data block by reference within a 'Provided-By' element of a PIDF-LO. The 'emergencyCallDataReference' element has two attributes: 'ref' to specify the URL, and 'purpose' to indicate the type of data block referenced. The value of 'ref' is an HTTPS URL that resolves to a data structure with information about the call. The value of 'purpose' is the same as used in a 'Call-Info' header field (as specified in section Section 4.1, Transmitting blocks using Call-Info).

For example, to reference a block with MIME type 'application/emergencyCall.ProviderInfo+xml', the 'purpose' parameter is set to 'emergencyCallData.ProviderInfo'. An example 'emergencyCallDataReference' element for this would be:

4.3. Transmitting blocks by value using Provided-By

It is RECOMMENDED that access networks supply the data specified in this document by reference, but they MAY provide the data by value.

The 'emergencyCallDataValue' element is used to transmit an additional data block by value within a 'Provided-By' element of a PIDF-LO. The 'emergencyCallDataValue' element has one attribute: 'purpose' to indicate the type of data block contained. The value of 'purpose' is the same as used in a 'Call-Info' header field (as specified in section Section 4.1, Transmitting blocks using Call-Info). The same XML structure as would be wrapped in the corresponding MIME type is placed inside the emergencyCallDataValue element.

For example:

    <provided-by: xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:
                         emergencyCallAddlData">
        <emergencyCallDataValue purpose=
                        "emergencyCallData.ProviderInfo">
        <ProviderID>HooThrooPoo</ProviderID>
        <ProviderIDSeries>NENA</ProviderIDSeries>
        <TypeOfProviderID>Access Infrastructure Provider
                        </TypeOfProviderID>
        <ContactURI>sip:15555550987@burf.example.com:user=phone
                        </ContactURI>
        </emergencyCallDataValue>
    </provided-by>
        
        

Example Provided-By by value

5. Data Provider Information

This block is intended to be provided by any service provider in the path of the call or the access network provider. It includes identification and contact information. This block SHOULD be provided for every service provider in the path of the call, and the access network provider. Devices MAY use this block to provide identifying information. The MIME subtype is "application/emergencyCall.ProviderInfo+xml".

5.1. Data Provider String

Data Element:
Data Provider String

Use:
Required

XML Element:
<DataProviderString>

Description:
This is a plain language string suitable for displaying the name of the service provider that created the additional data structure. If the device created the structure the value is identical to the contact header in the SIP INVITE.

Reason for Need:
Inform the call taker of the identity of the entity providing the additional call data structure.
How Used by Call Taker:
Allows the call taker to interpret the data in this structure. The source of the information often influences how the information is used, believed or verified.

5.2. Data Provider ID

Data Element:
Data Provider ID

Use:
Conditional. Must be provided if the service provider is located in a jurisdiction that maintains such ids. Devices are not required to provide it.

XML Element:
<ProviderID>

Description:
A jurisdiction specific code for the provider shown in the <DataProvidedBy> element that created the structure of the call. This data SHOULD be provided if the local jurisdiction maintains such an ID list. For example, in North America, this would be a "NENA Company ID". Devices SHOULD NOT use this element.

Reason for Need:
Inform the call taker of the identity of the entity providing the additional call data structure.

How Used by Call Taker:
Where jurisdictions have lists of providers the Data Provider ID can be useful.

5.3. Data Provider ID Series

Data Element:
Data Provider ID Series

Use:
Conditional. If Data Provider ID is provided, Data Provider ID Series is required.

XML Element:
<ProviderIDSeries>

Description:
Identifies the issuer of the the ProviderId. A registry will reflect the following valid entries:



Reason for Need:
Identifies how to interpret the Data Provider ID.

How Used by Call Taker:
Determines which provider ID registry to consult for more information

5.4. Type of Data Provider

Data Element:
Type of Data Provider ID

Use:
Conditional. If Data Provider ID is provided, Type of Data Provider ID is required.

XML Element:
<TypeOfProviderID>

Description:
Identifies the type of data provider id being supplied in the ProviderId data element. A registry will reflect the following valid entries:



Reason for Need:
Identifies what kind of data provider this is.

How Used by Call Taker:
To decide who to contact when further information is needed

5.5. Data Provider Contact URI

Data Element:
Data Provider Contact URI

Use:
Required

XML Element:
<ContactURI>

Description:
For a service provider the contact SHOULD be a contact URI. This MUST be a SIP URI. If a telephone number is the contact address it should be provided in the form of sip:telephonenumber@serviceprovider:user=phone. If the call is from a device, this would reflect the contact information of the owner of the device. When provided by a service provider, this would be a URI to a 24/7 support organization tasked to provide PSAP support for this emergency call.

Reason for Need:
Additional data providers may need to be contacted for error or other unusual circumstances.

How Used by Call Taker:
To contact the supplier of the additional data for assistance in handling the call.

5.6. Data Provider Languages(s) Supported

Data Element:
Data Provider Language(s) supported

Use:
Conditional

XML Element:
<Language>

Description:
The language used by the entity at the Data Provider Contact URI as an alpha 2-character code as defined in ISO 639-1:2002 (http://www.iso.org/iso/catalogue_detail?csnumber=22109) Codes for the representation of names of languages -- Part 1: Alpha-2 code Multiple instances of this element may occur. Order is significant; preferred language should appear first. This data is required if a Data Provider Contact URI is provided. The content must reflect the languages supported at the contact URI.

Reason for Need:
Information needed to determine if emergency service authority can communicate with the service provider or if an interpreter will be needed.

How Used by Call Taker:
If call taker cannot speak language(s) supported by the service provider, a translation service will need to be added to the conversation.

5.7. xCard of Data Provider

Data Element:
xCard of Data Provider

Use:
Optional

XML Element:
<DataProviderContact>

Description:
There are many fields in the xCARD and the creator of the data structure is encouraged to provide as much information as they have available. N, ORG, ADR, TEL, EMAIL are suggested at a minimum. N should contain name of support group or device owner as appropriate. If more than one TEL property is provided, a parameter from the vCard Property Value registry MUST be specified on each TEL. For encoding of the xCard this specification uses the XML-based encoding specified in [RFC6351].

and is hereinafter referred to as "xCard"
Reason for Need:
Information needed to determine additional contact information.

How Used by Call Taker:
Assists call taker by providing additional contact information that may not be included in the SIP invite or the PIDF-LO.

5.8. Subcontractor Principal

Data Element:
Subcontractor Principal

XML Element:
<SubcontratorPrincipal>

Description:
If the data provider is a subcontractor to another provider such as an access infrastructure provider or telematics provider, this element contains the DataProviderString of the service provider to indicate which provider the subcontractor is working for. This data is required if the Data Provider type is subcontractor.

Reason for Need:
Identify the entity the subcontractor works for.
How Used by Call Taker:
Allows the call taker to understand what the relationship between data providers and the service providers in the path of the call are.

5.9. Subcontractor Priority

Data Element:
Subcontractor Priority

Use:
Required

XML Element:
<SubcontractorPriority>

Description:
If the subcontractor should be contacted first, this element should have a "sub" value. If the access or origination service provider should be contacted first, this element should have a "main" value. This data is required if the Data Provider type is "subcontractor".

Reason for Need:
Inform the call taker whether the network operator or the subcontractor should be contacted first if support is needed.
How Used by Call Taker:
To decide which entity to contact first if assistance is needed.

5.10. emergencyCall.ProviderInfo XML Schema

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<xs:schema
     targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.ProviderInfo"
     xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
     xmlns:ad="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.ProviderInfo"
     xmlns:xml="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
     xmlns:xc="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:vcard-4.0"
     elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified">

     <xs:import namespace="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
                schemaLocation="http://www.w3.org/2001/xml.xsd"/>

     <xs:simpleType name="iso3166a2">
       <xs:restriction base="xs:token">
         <xs:pattern value="[A-Z]{2}"/>
       </xs:restriction>
     </xs:simpleType>

    <xs:element name="emergencyCall.ProviderInfo">
        <xs:complexType>
            <xs:sequence>
                <xs:element name="DataProviderString" 
                    type="xs:string" minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1"/>
                <xs:element name="ProviderID" 
                    type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
                <xs:element name="ProviderIdSeries" 
                    type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
                <xs:element name="TypeOfProvider" 
                    type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
                <xs:element name="ContactURI" type="xs:anyURI"
                    minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1"/>
                <xs:element name="Language" type="ad:iso3166a2" 
                    minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="unbounded" />
                <xs:element name="DataProviderContact" 
                    type="xc:vcard" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1">
            </xs:sequence>
        </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
</xs:schema>
            

Figure 1: emergencyCall.ProviderInfo XML Schema

6. Service Information

This block describes the service that the service provider provides to the caller. It SHOULD be included by all SPs in the path of the call. The mime subtype is "application/emergencyCall.SvcInfo+xml".

6.1. Service Environment

Data Element:
Service Environment

Use:
Required

XML Element:
<SvcEnvironment>

Description:
This element defines whether a call is from a business or residence caller. Currently, the only valid entries are 'Business' or 'Residence'.

Reason for Need:
To assist in determining equipment and manpower requirements.

How Used by Call Taker:
Information may be used to assist in determining equipment and manpower requirements for emergency responders. As the information is not always available, and the registry is not all encompassing, this is at best advisory information, but since it mimics a similar capability in some current emergency calling systems, it is known to be valuable. The service provider uses its best information (such as a rate plan, facilities used to deliver service or service description) to determine the information and is not responsible for determining the actual characteristics of the location where the call originates from.

6.2. Service Delivered by Provider to End User

Data Element:
Service Delivered by Provider to End User

Use:
Required

XML Element:
<SvcDelByProvider>

Description:
This defines the type of service the end user has subscribed to. The implied mobility of this service can not be relied upon. A registry defined in this document will reflect the following initial valid entries:
  • Wireless Telephone Service: Includes Satellite, CDMA, GSM, Wi-Fi, WiMAX, UTMS/WCDMA, LTE (Long Term Evolution)
  • Fixed Public Pay/Coin telephones: Any coin or credit card operated device.
  • One way outbound service
  • Inmate call/service
  • Soft dialtone/quick service/warm disconnect/suspended
  • Multi-line telephone system (MLTS): Includes all PBX, Centrex, key systems, Shared Tenant Service.
  • Sensor, unattended: Includes devices that generate DATA ONLY. This is one-way information exchange and there will be no other form of communication.
  • Sensor, attended: Includes devices that are supported by a monitoring service provider or automatically open a two-way communication path.
  • Wireline: Plain Old Telephone Service (POTS).
  • VoIP Telephone Service: A type of service that offers communication over internet protocol, such as Fixed, Nomadic, Mobile, Unknown
  • Relay Service: a type of service where there is a human 3rd party agent who provides some kind of additional assistance to the caller. Includes sign language relay and telematics services which provide a service assistant on the call.
  • Remote (off premise extension)

There can be more than one value returned. For example, a VoIP inmate telephone service is a reasonable combination.



Reason for Need:
Knowing the type of service may assist the PSAP with the handling of the call.

How Used by Call Taker:
Call takers often use this information to determine what kinds of questions to ask callers, and how much to rely on supportive information. An emergency call from a prison is treated differently that a call from a sensor device. As the information is not always available, and the registry is not all encompassing, this is at best advisory information, but since it mimics a similar capability in some current emergency calling systems, it is known to be valuable.

6.3. Service Mobility Environment

Data Element:
Service Mobility Environment

Use:
Required

XML Element:
<SvcMobility>

Description:
This provides the service providers view of the mobility of the caller. As the service provider may not know the characteristics of the actual access network used, the value not be relied upon. A registry will reflect the following initial valid entries:
  • Mobile: the device should be able to move at any time
  • Fixed: the device is not expected to move unless the service is relocated
  • Nomadic: the device is not expected to move while on a call, but may move between calls



Reason for Need:
Knowing the service provider's belief of mobility may assist the PSAP with the handling of the call.

How Used by Call Taker:
To determine whether to assume the location of the caller might change.

6.4. emergencyCall.SvcInfo XML Schema

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<xs:schema
     targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.SvcInfo"
     xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
     xmlns:svc="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.SvcInfo"
     xmlns:xml="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
     elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified">

     <xs:import namespace="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
                schemaLocation="http://www.w3.org/2001/xml.xsd"/>

    <xs:element name="emergencyCall.SvcInfo">
        <xs:complexType>
            <xs:sequence>
                <xs:element name="SvcEnvironment" 
                  type="xs:string" minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1"/>
                <xs:element name="SvcDelByProvider" 
                  type="xs:string" minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1"/>
                <xs:element name="SvcMobility"
                  type="xs:string" minOccurs="1" maxOccurs="1"/>
                <xs:element name="Link" 
                    type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1">
            </xs:sequence>
        </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
</xs:schema>

Figure 2: emergencyCall.SvcInfo XML Schema

7. Device Information

This block provides information about the device used to place the call. It should be provided by any service provider that knows what device is being used, and by the device itself. The mime subtype is "application/emergencyCall.DevInfo+xml".

7.1. Device Classification

Data Element:
Device Classification

Use:
Optional

XML Element:
<DeviceClassification>

Description:
This data element defines the kind of device making the emergency call. If the device provides the data structure, the device information SHOULD be provided. If the service provider provides the structure and it knows what the device is, the service provider SHOULD provide the device information. Often the carrier does not know what the device is. It is possible to receive two Additional Data Associated with a Call data structures, one created by the device and one created by the service provider. This information describes the the device, not how it is being used. This data element defines the kind of device making the emergency call. A registry will reflect the following valid entries:
  • Cordless handset
  • Fixed phone
  • Mobile handset
  • ATA (analog terminal adapter)
  • Satellite phone
  • Stationary computing device (alarm system, data sensor)
  • Guardian devices
  • Desktop PC
  • Laptop computing device
  • Tablet computing device
  • Alarm system
  • Data sensor
  • Personal beacons (spot)
  • Auto telematics (indicates VEDS data set)
  • Trucking telematics
  • Farm equipment telematics
  • Marine telematics
  • PDA (personal digital assistant)
  • PND (personal navigation device)
  • Smart phone
  • Internet tablet
  • Gaming console
  • Video phone
  • Other text device
  • Not Available



Reason for Need:
The device classification implies the capability of the calling device and assists in identifying the meaning of the emergency call location information that is being presented. For example, does the device require human intervention to initiate a call or is this call the result of programmed instructions? Does the calling device have the ability to update location or condition changes? Is this device interactive or a one-way reporting device?

How Used by Call Taker:
May assist with location of caller. For example, a cordless handset may be outside or next door. May provide calltaker some context about the caller, the capabilities of the device used for the call or the environment the device is being used in.

7.2. Device Manufacturer

Data Element:
Device Manufacturer

Use:
Optional

XML Element:
<DeviceMfgr>

Description:
The plain language name of the manufacturer of the device.

Reason for Need:
Used by PSAP management for post-mortem investigation/resolution.

How Used by Call Taker:
Probably not used by calltaker, but by PSAP management.

7.3. Device Model Number

Data Element:
Device Model Number

Use:
Optional

XML Element:
<DeviceModelNr>

Description:
Model number of the device.

Reason for Need:
Used by PSAP management for after action investigation/resolution.

How Used by Call Taker:
Probably not used by calltaker, but by PSAP management.

7.4. Unique Device Identifier

Data Element:
Unique Device Identifier

Use:
Optional

XML Element:
<UniqueDeviceID>

Description:
String that identifies the specific device making the call or creating an event.

Reason for Need:
Uniquely identifies the device as opposed to any signaling identifiers encountered in the call signaling stream.

How Used by Call Taker:
Probably not used by calltaker they would need to refer to management for investigation.

7.5. Type of Device Identifier

Data Element:
Type of Device Identifier

Use:
Conditional: must be provided if DeviceID is provided

XML Element:
<TypeOfDeviceID>

Description:
Identifies the type of device identifier being generated in the unique device identifier data element. A registry will reflect the following valid entries:
  • MEID (CDMA)
  • ESN (Electronic Serial Number -- superseded by MEID)
  • MAC (Media Access Control) Address -- IEEE-delegated address of any of the interfaces of the device with a MAC address (e.g., Ethernet, WiFi)
  • WiMAX device certificate subject unique identifier
  • IMEI (International Mobile Equipment Identifier - GSM)
  • Unique Device Identifier (UDI) assigned by US FDA for medical devices
  • RFID (Radio Frequency Identification)
  • Sensors (types to be identified in a future document version)
  • Manufacturer Serial Number
  • Other



Reason for Need:
Identifies how to interpret the Unique Device Identifier.

How Used by Call Taker:
Additional information that may be used to assist with call handling.

7.6. emergencyCall.DevInfo XML Schema

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<xs:schema
     targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.DevInfo"
     xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
     xmlns:svc="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.DevInfo"
     xmlns:xml="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
     elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified">

     <xs:import namespace="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
                schemaLocation="http://www.w3.org/2001/xml.xsd"/>

    <xs:element name="emergencyCall.DevInfo">
        <xs:complexType>
            <xs:sequence>
                <xs:element name="DeviceClassification" 
                    type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
                <xs:element name="DeviceMfgr" 
                    type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
                <xs:element name="DeviceModelNr" 
                    type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
                <xs:element name="UniqueDeviceID" 
                    type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
                <xs:element name="TypeOfDeviceID" 
                    type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
            </xs:sequence>
        </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
</xs:schema>
            

Figure 3: emergencyCallDevInfo XML Schema

8. Owner/Subscriber Information

This block describes the owner of the device (if provided by the device) or the subscriber information, if provided by a service provider. The contact location is not necessarily the location of the caller or incident, but is rather the nominal contact address. The mime subtype is "application/emergencyCall.Subscriber+xml".

8.1. xCard for Subscriber\0x2019s Data

Data Element:
xCARD for Subscriber\0x2019s Data

Use:
Conditional: Some services (e.g. prepaid phones, initialized phones, etc.) may not have this information.

XML Element:
<SubscriberData>

Description:
Information known by the service provider or device about the subscriber; e.g., Name, Address, Individual Telephone Number, Main Telephone Number and any other data. N, ORG (if appropriate), ADR, TEL, EMAIL are suggested at a minimum. If more than one TEL property is provided, a parameter from the vCard Property Value registry MUST be specified on each TEL.

Reason for Need:
When the caller is unable to provide information, this data may be used to obtain it

How Used by Call Taker:
Obtaining critical information about the caller and possibly the location when it is not able to be obtained otherwise.

8.2. emergencyCall.SubInfo XML Schema

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<xs:schema
     targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.SubInfo"
     xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
     xmlns:sub="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.SubInfo"
     xmlns:xml="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
     xmlns:xc="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:vcard-4.0"
     elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified">

     <xs:import namespace="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
                schemaLocation="http://www.w3.org/2001/xml.xsd"/>

    <xs:element name="emergencyCall.SubInfo">
        <xs:complexType>
            <xs:sequence>
                <xs:element name="SubscriberData" 
                    type="xc:vcard" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1">
           </xs:sequence>
        </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
</xs:schema>

Figure 4: emergencyCall.SubInfo XML Schema

9. Comment

This block Provides a mechanism for the data provider to supply extra, human readable information to the PSAP. It is not intended for a general purpose extension mechanism. The mime subtype is "application/emergencyCall.Comment+xml"

9.1. Comment

Data Element:
EmergencyCall.Comment

Use:
Optional

XML Element:
<Comment>

Description:
Human readable text providing additional information to the PSAP.

Reason for Need:
Explanatory information for values in the data structure

How Used by Call Taker:
To interpret the data provided

9.2. emergencyCall.Comment XML Schema

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<xs:schema
     targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.Comment"
     xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
     xmlns:sub="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.Comment"
     xmlns:xml="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
     elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified">

     <xs:import namespace="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
                schemaLocation="http://www.w3.org/2001/xml.xsd"/>

    <xs:element name="emergencyCall.Comment">
        <xs:complexType>
            <xs:sequence>
                <xs:element name="Comment" 
                    type="xs:string" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1">
           </xs:sequence>
        </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>
</xs:schema>

Figure 5: EmergencyCall.Comment XML Schema

10. Example

   INVITE sips:bob@biloxi.example.com SIP/2.0
   Via: SIPS/2.0/TLS pc33.atlanta.example.com;branch=z9hG4bK74bf9
   Max-Forwards: 70
   To: Bob <sips:bob@biloxi.example.com>
   From: Alice <sips:alice@atlanta.example.com>;tag=9fxced76sl
   Call-ID: 3848276298220188511@atlanta.example.com
   Call-Info: <http://wwww.example.com/alice/photo.jpg> ;purpose=icon,
     <http://www.example.com/alice/> ;purpose=info, 
     <cid:1234567890@atlanta.example.com> 
         ;purpose=emergencyCallData.ProviderInfo
   Geolocation: <cid:target123@atlanta.example.com>
   Geolocation-Routing: no
   Accept: application/sdp, application/pidf+xml, 
      application/emergencyCallProviderinfo+xml
   CSeq: 31862 INVITE
   Contact: <sips:alice@atlanta.example.com>
   Content-Type: multipart/mixed; boundary=boundary1

   Content-Length: ...

   --boundary1

   Content-Type: application/sdp

   ...SDP goes here

   --boundary1

   Content-Type: application/pidf+xml
   Content-ID: <target123@atlanta.example.com>

   \0x2026PIDF-LO goes here

   --boundary1--

   Content-Type: application/emergencyCall.ProviderInfo+xml
   Content-ID: <1234567890@atlanta.example.com>

   \0x2026Additional Data goes here

   --boundary1--
            

Example: Attaching Additional Data via CID to a SIP INVITE

11. Main Telephone Number

In a xCard, used extensively in this document, there is no way to specify a "Main" telephone number. These numbers are useful to emergency responders who are called to a large enterprise. This document adds a new Property Value to the "tel" property of the TYPE parameter called "main". It can be used in any xCard in additional data.

12. Security Considerations

The information in this data structure will usually be considered private. HTTPS is specified to require the provider of the information to validate the credentials of the requester. While the creation of a PKI that has global scope may be difficult, the alternatives to creating devices and services that can provide critical information securely are more daunting. The provider may enforce any policy it wishes to use, but PSAPs and responder agencies should deploy a PKI so that providers of additional data can check the certificate of the client and decide the appropriate policy to enforce based on that certificate.

Ideally, the PSAP and emergency responders will be given credentials signed by an authority trusted by the data provider. In most circumstances, nationally recognized credentials would be sufficient, and if the emergency services arranges a PKI, data providers could be provisioned with the root CA public key for a given nation. Some nations are developing a PKI for this, and related, purposes. Since calls could be made from devices where the device and/or the service provider(s) are not local to the emergency authorities, globally recognized credentials are useful. This might be accomplished by extending the notion of the "forest guide" described in [RFC5222] to allow the forest guide to provide the credential of the PKI root for areas that it has coverage information for, but standards for such a mechanism are not yet available. In its absence, the data provider will need to obtain the root CA credentials for any areas it is willing to provide additional data by out of band means. With the credential of the root CA for a national emergency services PKI, the data provider server can validate the credentials of an entity requesting additional data by reference.

The data provider also needs a credential that can be verified by the emergency services to know that it is receiving data from the right server. The emergency authorities could provide credentials, distinguishable from credentials it provides to emergency responders and PSAPs, which could be used to validate data providers. Such credentials would have to be acceptable to any PSAP or responder that could receive a call with additional data supplied by that provider. This would be extensible to global credential validation using the forest guide as above. In the absence of such credentials, the emergency authorities could maintain a list of local data providers' credentials provided to it out of band. At a minimum, the emergency authorities could obtain a credential from the DNS entry of the domain in the Addional Data URI to at least validate that the server is known to the domain providing the URI.

Data provided by devices by reference have similar credential validation issues to service providers, and the solutions are the same.

13. Privacy Considerations

There is much private data in this information. Local regulations may govern what data must be provided in emergency calls, but in general, the emergency call system is often aided by the kinds of information described in this document. There is a tradeoff between the privacy considerations and the utility of the data. Certainly, if the data cannot be protected, due to failure to establish (by TLS) a secure connection to the data provider, data SHOULD NOT be sent unless specifically required by regulation.

14. IANA Considerations

14.1. Registry creation

This document creates a new registry called 'Emergency Call Additional Data'. The following subregistries are created in Emergency Call Additional Data:

14.1.1. Additional Call Data Blocks Registry

This document creates a new subregistry called \0x2019Provider ID Series\0x2019. As defined in [RFC5226], this registry operates under "Expert Review" rules. The expert should determine that the entity requesting a new value is a legitimate issuer of service provider IDs suitable for use in Additional Call Data.

The content of this registry includes:

Name: The identifier which will be used in the ProviderIDSeries element

Source: The full name of the organization issuing the identifiers

URL: A URL to the organization for further information

The values defined are:

   +-----------+-----------+--------------+--------------+
   | Name      | Source                   |     URL      |
   +-----------+--------------------------+--------------+
   | NENA      | North American Emergency | www.nena.org |
   |           | Number Association       |              |
   | EENA      | European Emergency       | www.eena.org |
   |           | Number Association       |              |
   +-----------+--------------------------+--------------+
RFC Editor Note:
   replace XXXX in the table above with this documents RFC number

14.1.2. Additional Call Data Service Provider Type Registry

This document creates a new subregistry called \0x2019Service Provider Type\0x2019. As defined in [RFC5226], this registry operates under "Expert Review". The expert should determine that the proposed new value is distinct from existing values and appropriate for use in the TypeOfServicerProvider element

The content of this registry includes:

Name: Value to be used in TypeOfServiceProvider.

Description: A short description of the type of service provider

The values defined are:

   +------------------------------+------------------------------------+
   | Name                         | Description                        |
   +------------------------------+------------------------------------+
   |Access Infrastructure Provider| Access network service provider    |
   |Service Provider              | Calling or Origination telecom SP  |
   |Service Provider Subcontractor| A contractor to another kind of SP |
   |Telematics Provider           | A sensor based SP, especially      |
   |                              | vehicle based                      |
   |Relay Provider                | A interpretation SP, for example,  | 
   |                              | video relay for sign language      |
   |                              | interpretors                       |
   |Other                         | Any other type of service provider |
   +------------------------------+------------------------------------+
RFC Editor Note:
   replace XXXX in the table above with this documents RFC number

14.1.3. Additional Call Data Service Delivered Registry

This document creates a new registry called \0x2019Additional Call Data Service Delivered\0x2019. As defined in [RFC5226], this registry operates under "Expert Review" rules. The expert should consider whether the proposed service is unique from existing services and the definition of the service will be clear to implementors and PSAPS/responders.

The content of this registry includes:

Name: enumeration token of the service.

Description: Short description identifying the service.

The values defined are:

   +--------+----------------------------------------+
   | Name   | description                            |
   +--------+-------+--------------------------------+
   | Wrless | Wireless Telephone Service: Includes     |
   |        |   Satellite, CDMA, GSM, Wi-Fi, WiMAX,  | 
   |        |   LTE (Long Term Evolution)            |
   | Coin   | Fixed Public Pay/Coin telephones: Any  |
   |        |   coin or credit card operated device  |
   | 1way   | One way outbound service               |
   | Prison | Inmate call/service                    |
   | Temp   | Soft dialtone/quick service/warm       |
   |        |   disconnect/suspended                 |
   | MLTS   | Multi-line telephone system: Includes  |
   |        |   all PBX, Centrex, key systems,       |
   |        |   Shared Tenant Service                |
   | SenseU | Sensor, unattended: Includes devices   |
   |        |   that generate DATA ONLY. This is     |
   |        |   one-way information exchange and     |
   |        |   there will be no other form of       |
   |        |   communication                        |
   | SenseA | Sensor, attended: Includes devices     |
   |        |   that are supported by a monitoring   |
   |        |   service provider or automatically    |
   |        |   open a two-way communication path    |
   | POTS   | Wireline: Plain Old Telephone Service  |
   | VOIP   | VoIP Telephone Service: A type of      |
   |        |   service that offers communication    |
   |        |   over internet protocol, such as Fixed|
   |        |   Nomadic, Mobile, ...                 |
   +--------+-------+--------------------------------+

14.1.4. Additional Call Data Device Classification Registry

This document creates a new registry called \0x2019Additional Call Data Device Classification\0x2019. As defined in [RFC5226], this registry operates under "Expert Review" rules. The expert should consider whether the proposed class is unique from existing classes and the definition of the class will be clear to implementors and PSAPS/responders.

The content of this registry includes:

Name: enumeration token of the device classification.

Description: Short description identifying the device type.

The values defined are:

   +--------+----------------------------------------+
   | Name   | description                            |
   +--------+-------+--------------------------------+
   |Cordless| Cordless handset                       |
   | Fixed  | Fixed phone                            |
   | Mobile | Mobile handset                         |
   | ATA    | analog terminal adapter                |
   |Satphone| Satellite phone                        |
   | FSense | Stationary computing device (alarm     |
   |        |   system, data sensor)                 |
   | Guard  | Guardian devices                       |
   | Desktop| Desktop PC                             |
   | Laptop | Laptop computing device                |
   | Tablet | Tablet computing device                |
   | Alarm  | Alarm system                           |
   | MSense | Mobile Data sensor                     |
   | Beacon | Personal beacons (spot)                |
   | Auto   | Auto telematics                        |
   | Truck  | Truck telematics                       |
   | Farm   | Farm equipment telematics              |
   | Marine | Marine telematics                      |
   | PDA    | Personal digital assistant             |
   | PND    | Personal navigation device)            |
   | SmrtPhn| Smart phone                            |
   | Itab   | Internet tablet                        |
   | Game   | Gaming console                         |
   | Video  | Video phone                            |
   | Text   | Other text device                      |
   | NA     | Not Available                          |
   +--------+----------------------------------------+

14.1.5. Additional Call Data Device ID Type Registry

This document creates a new registry called \0x2019Additional Call Data Device ID Type\0x2019. As defined in [RFC5226], this registry operates under "Expert Review" rules. The expert should ascertain that the proposed type is well understood, and provides the information useful to PSAPs and responders to uniquely identify a device.

The content of this registry includes:

Name: enumeration token of the device id type.

Description: Short description identifying the type of device id.

The values defined are:

   +--------+----------------------------------------+
   | Name   | description                            |
   +--------+-------+--------------------------------+
   | MEID   | Mobile Equipment Identifier  (CDMA)    |
   | ESN    | Electronic Serial Number(GSM)          |
   | MAC    | Media Access Control Address (IEEE)    |
   | WiMAX  | device certificate unique id           |
   | IMEI   | International Mobile Equipment ID (GSM)|
   | UDI    | Unique Device Identifier (medical)     |
   | RFID   | Radio Frequency Identification         |
   | SN     | Manufacturer Serial Number             |
   +--------+----------------------------------------+

14.1.6. Additional Call Data Blocks Registry

This document creates a new subregistry called \0x2019Additional Call Data Blocks\0x2019 in the purpose registry established by RFC3261. As defined in [RFC5226], this registry operates under "Expert Review" and "Specification Required" rules. The expert is responsible for verifying that the document contains a complete and clear specification of the block and the block does not obviously duplicate existing blocks.

The content of this registry includes:

Name: Element Name of enclosing block.

Reference: The document that describes the block

The values defined are:

   +-------------+-----------+
   | Name        | Reference |
   +-------------+-----------+
   |ProviderInfo | RFCXXXX   |
   | SvcInfo     | RFCXXXX   |
   | DevInfo     | RFCXXXX   |
   | Subscriber  | RFCXXXX   |
   | Comment     | RFCXXXX   |
   +-------------+-----------+
RFC Editor Note:
   replace XXXX in the table above with this documents RFC number

14.2. 'emergencyCallData' Purpose Parameter Value

This document defines the 'emergencyCall' value for the "purpose" parameter of the Call-Info header field. The Call-Info header and the corresponding registry for the 'purpose' parameter was established with RFC 3261 [RFC3261].

   Header       Parameter   New
   Field        Name        Value               Reference
   ----------   ---------   -----------------   ---------
   Call-Info    purpose     emergencyCall   [This RFC]
            

14.3. URN Sub-Namespace Registration for provided-by Registry Entry

This section registers the namespace specified in Section 14.5.1 in the provided-by registry established by RFC 4119, for usage within the 'provided-by' element of a PIDF-LO.

14.3.1. Provided-By XML Schema

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<xs:schema
     targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCallAddlData"
     targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:
                      geopriv10:emergencyCallData"
     xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
     xmlns:ad="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:pidf:geopriv10:emergencyCallData"
     xmlns:xml="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
     elementFormDefault="qualified" attributeFormDefault="unqualified">

     <xs:import namespace="http://www.w3.org/XML/1998/namespace"
                schemaLocation="http://www.w3.org/2001/xml.xsd"/>

     <xs:simpleType name="iso3166a2">
       <xs:restriction base="xs:token">
         <xs:pattern value="[A-Z]{2}"/>
       </xs:restriction>
     </xs:simpleType>

    <xs:element name="emergencyCallDataReference">
        <xs:complexType>
            <xs:sequence>
                <xs:attribute name="ref" 
                    type="xs:anyURI" use="required"/>
                <xs:attribute name="purpose" 
                    type="xs:string" use="required"/>
            </xs:sequence>
        </xs:complexType>
    </xs:element>

    <xs:element name="emergencyCallDataValue">
                <xs:attribute name="purpose" 
                    type="xs:string" use="required"/>
    </xs:element>
</xs:schema>


            

Figure 6: Provided-By XML Schema

14.4. MIME Registrations

14.4.1. MIME Content-type Registration for 'application/emergencyCall.ProviderInfo+xml'

This specification requests the registration of a new MIME type according to the procedures of RFC 4288 [RFC4288] and guidelines in RFC 3023 [RFC3023].

  • MIME media type name: application
  • MIME subtype name: emergencyCall.ProviderInfo+xml
  • Mandatory parameters: none
  • Optional parameters: charset

    Indicates the character encoding of enclosed XML.
  • Encoding considerations:

    Uses XML, which can employ 8-bit characters, depending on the character encoding used. See Section 3.2 of RFC 3023 [RFC3023].
  • Security considerations:

    This content type is designed to carry the data provider information, which is a sub-category of additional data about an emergency call.

    Since this data contains personal information appropriate precautions have to be taken to limit unauthorized access, inappropriate disclosure to third parties, and eavesdropping of this information. Please refer to Section 12 and Section 13 for more information.
  • Interoperability considerations: None
  • Published specification: [TBD: This specification]
  • Applications which use this media type: Emergency Services
  • Additional information:

    Magic Number: None

    File Extension: .xml

    Macintosh file type code: 'TEXT'

  • Person and email address for further information: Hannes Tschofenig, Hannes.Tschofenig@gmx.net
  • Intended usage: LIMITED USE
  • Author: This specification is a work item of the IETF ECRIT working group, with mailing list address <ecrit@ietf.org>.
  • Change controller: The IESG <ietf@ietf.org>

14.4.2. MIME Content-type Registration for 'application/emergencyCall.SvcInfo+xml'

This specification requests the registration of a new MIME type according to the procedures of RFC 4288 [RFC4288] and guidelines in RFC 3023 [RFC3023].

  • MIME media type name: application
  • MIME subtype name: emergencyCall.SvcInfo+xml
  • Mandatory parameters: none
  • Optional parameters: charset

    Indicates the character encoding of enclosed XML.
  • Encoding considerations:

    Uses XML, which can employ 8-bit characters, depending on the character encoding used. See Section 3.2 of RFC 3023 [RFC3023].
  • Security considerations:

    This content type is designed to carry the service information, which is a sub-category of additional data about an emergency call.

    Since this data contains personal information appropriate precautions have to be taken to limit unauthorized access, inappropriate disclosure to third parties, and eavesdropping of this information. Please refer to Section 12 and Section 13 for more information.
  • Interoperability considerations: None
  • Published specification: [TBD: This specification]
  • Applications which use this media type: Emergency Services
  • Additional information:

    Magic Number: None

    File Extension: .xml

    Macintosh file type code: 'TEXT'

  • Person and email address for further information: Hannes Tschofenig, Hannes.Tschofenig@gmx.net
  • Intended usage: LIMITED USE
  • Author: This specification is a work item of the IETF ECRIT working group, with mailing list address <ecrit@ietf.org>.
  • Change controller: The IESG <ietf@ietf.org>

14.4.3. MIME Content-type Registration for 'application/emergencyCall.DevInfo+xml'

This specification requests the registration of a new MIME type according to the procedures of RFC 4288 [RFC4288] and guidelines in RFC 3023 [RFC3023].

  • MIME media type name: application
  • MIME subtype name: emergencyCall.DevInfo+xml
  • Mandatory parameters: none
  • Optional parameters: charset

    Indicates the character encoding of enclosed XML.
  • Encoding considerations:

    Uses XML, which can employ 8-bit characters, depending on the character encoding used. See Section 3.2 of RFC 3023 [RFC3023].
  • Security considerations:

    This content type is designed to carry the device information information, which is a sub-category of additional data about an emergency call.

    Since this data contains personal information appropriate precautions have to be taken to limit unauthorized access, inappropriate disclosure to third parties, and eavesdropping of this information. Please refer to Section 12 and Section 13 for more information.
  • Interoperability considerations: None
  • Published specification: [TBD: This specification]
  • Applications which use this media type: Emergency Services
  • Additional information:

    Magic Number: None

    File Extension: .xml

    Macintosh file type code: 'TEXT'

  • Person and email address for further information: Hannes Tschofenig, Hannes.Tschofenig@gmx.net
  • Intended usage: LIMITED USE
  • Author: This specification is a work item of the IETF ECRIT working group, with mailing list address <ecrit@ietf.org>.
  • Change controller: The IESG <ietf@ietf.org>

14.4.4. MIME Content-type Registration for 'application/emergencyCall.SubInfo+xml'

This specification requests the registration of a new MIME type according to the procedures of RFC 4288 [RFC4288] and guidelines in RFC 3023 [RFC3023].

  • MIME media type name: application
  • MIME subtype name: emergencyCall.SubInfo+xml
  • Mandatory parameters: none
  • Optional parameters: charset

    Indicates the character encoding of enclosed XML.
  • Encoding considerations:

    Uses XML, which can employ 8-bit characters, depending on the character encoding used. See Section 3.2 of RFC 3023 [RFC3023].
  • Security considerations:

    This content type is designed to carry owner/subscriber information, which is a sub-category of additional data about an emergency call.

    Since this data contains personal information appropriate precautions have to be taken to limit unauthorized access, inappropriate disclosure to third parties, and eavesdropping of this information. Please refer to Section 12 and Section 13 for more information.
  • Interoperability considerations: None
  • Published specification: [TBD: This specification]
  • Applications which use this media type: Emergency Services
  • Additional information:

    Magic Number: None

    File Extension: .xml

    Macintosh file type code: 'TEXT'

  • Person and email address for further information: Hannes Tschofenig, Hannes.Tschofenig@gmx.net
  • Intended usage: LIMITED USE
  • Author: This specification is a work item of the IETF ECRIT working group, with mailing list address <ecrit@ietf.org>.
  • Change controller: The IESG <ietf@ietf.org>

14.4.5. MIME Content-type Registration for 'application/emergencyCall.Comment+xml'

This specification requests the registration of a new MIME type according to the procedures of RFC 4288 [RFC4288] and guidelines in RFC 3023 [RFC3023].

  • MIME media type name: application
  • MIME subtype name: emergencyCall.Comment+xml
  • Mandatory parameters: none
  • Optional parameters: charset

    Indicates the character encoding of enclosed XML.
  • Encoding considerations:

    Uses XML, which can employ 8-bit characters, depending on the character encoding used. See Section 3.2 of RFC 3023 [RFC3023].
  • Security considerations:

    This content type is designed to carry a comment, which is a sub-category of additional data about an emergency call.

    This data may contain personal information. Appropriate precautions may have to be taken to limit unauthorized access, inappropriate disclosure to third parties, and eavesdropping of this information. Please refer to Section 12 and Section 13 for more information.
  • Interoperability considerations: None
  • Published specification: [TBD: This specification]
  • Applications which use this media type: Emergency Services
  • Additional information:

    Magic Number: None

    File Extension: .xml

    Macintosh file type code: 'TEXT'

  • Person and email address for further information: Hannes Tschofenig, Hannes.Tschofenig@gmx.net
  • Intended usage: LIMITED USE
  • Author: This specification is a work item of the IETF ECRIT working group, with mailing list address <ecrit@ietf.org>.
  • Change controller: The IESG <ietf@ietf.org>

14.5. URN Sub-Namespace Registration

14.5.1. Registration for urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCallAddlData

This section registers a new XML namespace, as per the guidelines in RFC 3688 [RFC3688].

                  
   BEGIN
   <?xml version="1.0"?>
   <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML Basic 1.0//EN"
     "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-basic/xhtml-basic10.dtd">
   <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
   <head>
     <meta http-equiv="content-type"
           content="text/html;charset=iso-8859-1"/>
     <title>Namespace for Additional Emergency Call Data</title>
   </head>
   <body>
     <h1>Namespace for Additional Data related to an Emergency Call</h1>
   <p>See [TBD: This document].</p>
   </body>
   </html>
   END
   
                

URI:
urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCallAddlData
Registrant Contact:
IETF, ECRIT working group, <ecrit@ietf.org>, as delegated by the IESG <iesg@ietf.org>.
XML:

14.5.2. Registration for urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCallProviderInfo

This section registers a new XML namespace, as per the guidelines in RFC 3688 [RFC3688].

                  
   BEGIN
   <?xml version="1.0"?>
   <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML Basic 1.0//EN"
     "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-basic/xhtml-basic10.dtd">
   <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
   <head>
     <meta http-equiv="content-type"
           content="text/html;charset=iso-8859-1"/>
     <title>Namespace for Additional Emergency Call Data: 
            Data Provider Information</title>
   </head>
   <body>
     <h1>Namespace for Additional Data related to an Emergency Call</h1>
     <h2>Data Provider Information</h2>
   <p>See [TBD: This document].</p>
   </body>
   </html>
   END
   
                

URI:
urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCallProviderInfo
Registrant Contact:
IETF, ECRIT working group, <ecrit@ietf.org>, as delegated by the IESG <iesg@ietf.org>.
XML:

14.5.3. Registration for urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.SvcInfo

This section registers a new XML namespace, as per the guidelines in RFC 3688 [RFC3688].

                  
   BEGIN
   <?xml version="1.0"?>
   <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML Basic 1.0//EN"
     "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-basic/xhtml-basic10.dtd">
   <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
   <head>
     <meta http-equiv="content-type"
           content="text/html;charset=iso-8859-1"/>
     <title>Namespace for Additional Emergency Call Data: 
            Service Information</title>
   </head>
   <body>
     <h1>Namespace for Additional Data related to an Emergency Call</h1>
     <h2>Service Information</h2>
   <p>See [TBD: This document].</p>
   </body>
   </html>
   END
   
                

URI:
urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.SvcInfo
Registrant Contact:
IETF, ECRIT working group, <ecrit@ietf.org>, as delegated by the IESG <iesg@ietf.org>.
XML:

14.5.4. Registration for urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.DevInfo

This section registers a new XML namespace, as per the guidelines in RFC 3688 [RFC3688].

                  
   BEGIN
   <?xml version="1.0"?>
   <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML Basic 1.0//EN"
     "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-basic/xhtml-basic10.dtd">
   <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
   <head>
     <meta http-equiv="content-type"
           content="text/html;charset=iso-8859-1"/>
     <title>Namespace for Additional Emergency Call Data: 
            Device Information</title>
   </head>
   <body>
     <h1>Namespace for Additional Data related to an Emergency Call</h1>
     <h2>Device Information</h2>
   <p>See [TBD: This document].</p>
   </body>
   </html>
   END
   
                

URI:
urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.DevInfo
Registrant Contact:
IETF, ECRIT working group, <ecrit@ietf.org>, as delegated by the IESG <iesg@ietf.org>.
XML:

14.5.5. Registration for urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.SubInfo

This section registers a new XML namespace, as per the guidelines in RFC 3688 [RFC3688].

                  
   BEGIN
   <?xml version="1.0"?>
   <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML Basic 1.0//EN"
     "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-basic/xhtml-basic10.dtd">
   <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
   <head>
     <meta http-equiv="content-type"
           content="text/html;charset=iso-8859-1"/>
     <title>Namespace for Additional Emergency Call Data: 
            Owner/Subscriber Information</title>
   </head>
   <body>
     <h1>Namespace for Additional Data related to an Emergency Call</h1>
     <h2> Owner/Subscriber Information</h2>
   <p>See [TBD: This document].</p>
   </body>
   </html>
   END
   
                

URI:
urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.SubInfo
Registrant Contact:
IETF, ECRIT working group, <ecrit@ietf.org>, as delegated by the IESG <iesg@ietf.org>.
XML:

14.5.6. Registration for urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.Comment

This section registers a new XML namespace, as per the guidelines in RFC 3688 [RFC3688].

                  
   BEGIN
   <?xml version="1.0"?>
   <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML Basic 1.0//EN"
     "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml-basic/xhtml-basic10.dtd">
   <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
   <head>
     <meta http-equiv="content-type"
           content="text/html;charset=iso-8859-1"/>
     <title>Namespace for Additional Emergency Call Data:Comment</title>
   </head>
   <body>
     <h1>Namespace for Additional Data related to an Emergency Call</h1>
     <h2> Comment</h2>
   <p>See [TBD: This document].</p>
   </body>
   </html>
   END
   
                

URI:
urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:emergencyCall.Comment
Registrant Contact:
IETF, ECRIT working group, <ecrit@ietf.org>, as delegated by the IESG <iesg@ietf.org>.
XML:

14.6. Schema Registrations

This specification registers five schemas, as per the guidelines in RFC 3688 [RFC3688].

URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:additional-data:emergencyCallProviderInfo
Registrant Contact: IETF, ECRIT Working Group (ecrit@ietf.org), as delegated by the IESG (iesg@ietf.org).
XML: The XML schema can be found in Figure 1.

URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:additional-data:addCallSvcInfo
Registrant Contact: IETF, ECRIT Working Group (ectit@ietf.org), as delegated by the IESG (iesg@ietf.org).
XML: The XML schema can be found in Figure 2.

URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:additional-data:emergencyCallDevInfo
Registrant Contact: IETF, ECRIT Working Group (ecrit@ietf.org), as delegated by the IESG (iesg@ietf.org).
XML: The XML schema can be found in Figure 3.

URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:additional-data:emergencyCall.SubInfo
Registrant Contact: IETF, ECRIT Working Group (ecrit@ietf.org), as delegated by the IESG (iesg@ietf.org).
XML: The XML schema can be found in Section 8.2.

URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:additional-data:emergencyCall.Comment
Registrant Contact: IETF, ECRIT Working Group (ecrit@ietf.org), as delegated by the IESG (iesg@ietf.org).
XML: The XML schema can be found in Section 9.2.

14.7. VCard Parameter Value Registration

This document registers a new value in the vCARD Parameter Values registry as defined by [RFC6350] with the following template:

Value:
main
Purpose:
The main telephone number, typically of an enterprise, as opposed to a direct dial number of an individual employee
Conformance:
This value can be used with the "TYPE" parameter applied on the "TEL" property.
Example(s):
TEL;VALUE=uri;TYPE="main,voice";PREF=1:tel:+1-418-656-9000

15. Acknowledgments

This work was originally started in NENA and has benefitted from a large number of participants in NENA standardization efforts, originally in the Long Term Definition Working Group, the Data Technical Committee and most recently the Additional Data working group. The authors are grateful for the initial work and extended comments provided by the many NENA participants.

16. References

16.1. Normative References

[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
[RFC3688] Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688, January 2004.
[RFC2392] Levinson, E., "Content-ID and Message-ID Uniform Resource Locators", RFC 2392, August 1998.
[RFC4119] Peterson, J., "A Presence-based GEOPRIV Location Object Format", RFC 4119, December 2005.
[RFC3261] Rosenberg, J., Schulzrinne, H., Camarillo, G., Johnston, A., Peterson, J., Sparks, R., Handley, M. and E. Schooler, "SIP: Session Initiation Protocol", RFC 3261, June 2002.
[RFC3023] Murata, M., St. Laurent, S. and D. Kohn, "XML Media Types", RFC 3023, January 2001.
[RFC4288] Freed, N. and J. Klensin, "Media Type Specifications and Registration Procedures", RFC 4288, December 2005.
[RFC5226] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an IANA Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 5226, May 2008.
[RFC6350] Perreault, S., "vCard Format Specification", RFC 6350, August 2011.
[RFC6351] Perreault, S., "xCard: vCard XML Representation", RFC 6351, August 2011.

16.2. Informational References

[RFC5222] Hardie, T., Newton, A., Schulzrinne, H. and H. Tschofenig, "LoST: A Location-to-Service Translation Protocol", RFC 5222, August 2008.
[RFC6443] Rosen, B., Schulzrinne, H., Polk, J. and A. Newton, "Framework for Emergency Calling Using Internet Multimedia", RFC 6443, December 2011.
[I-D.ietf-ecrit-phonebcp] Rosen, B. and J. Polk, "Best Current Practice for Communications Services in support of Emergency Calling", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-ecrit-phonebcp-20, September 2011.
[I-D.iab-privacy-considerations] Cooper, A., Tschofenig, H., Aboba, B., Peterson, J., Morris, J., Hansen, M. and R. Smith, "Privacy Considerations for Internet Protocols", Internet-Draft draft-iab-privacy-considerations-03, July 2012.

Authors' Addresses

Brian Rosen NeuStar 470 Conrad Dr. Mars, PA 16046 US Phone: +1 724 382 1051 EMail: br@brianrosen.net
Hannes Tschofenig Nokia Siemens Networks Linnoitustie 6 Espoo, 02600 Finland Phone: +358 (50) 4871445 EMail: Hannes.Tschofenig@gmx.net URI: http://www.tschofenig.priv.at
Roger Marshall TeleCommunication Systems, Inc. 2401 Elliott Avenue Seattle, WA 98121 US Phone: +1 206 792 2424 EMail: rmarshall@telecomsys.com URI: http://www.telecomsys.com
Randall Gellens Qualcomm Technologies, Inc. 5775 Morehouse Drive San Diego, CA 92121 US EMail: rg+ietf@qti.qualcomm.com