MMUSIC K. Drage, Ed.
Internet-Draft M. Makaraju
Intended status: Standards Track J. Stoetzer-Bradler
Expires: May 6, 2016 Alcatel-Lucent
R. Ejzak
J. Marcon
November 3, 2015

MSRP over Data Channels


This document specifies how the Message Session Relay Protocol (MSRP) can be instantiated as a data channel sub-protocol, using the SDP offer/answer exchange-based generic data channel negotiation framework. Two network configurations are documented: a WebRTC end-to-end configuration (connecting two MSRP over data channel endpoints), and a gateway configuration (connecting an MSRP over data channel endpoint with an MSRP over TCP endpoint).

Status of This Memo

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction

The Message Session Relay Protocol (MSRP) [RFC4975] is a protocol for transmitting a series of related instant messages in the context of a session. In addition to instant messaging, MSRP can also be used for image sharing or file transfer. MSRP is currently defined to work over TCP and TLS connections.

This document defines the negotiation and transport of this MSRP protocol over data channels, where a data channel is a bi-directional communication channel running on top of SCTP/DTLS (as per [I-D.ietf-rtcweb-data-channel]) and where MSRP is instantiated as a sub-protocol of this data channel. The MSRP protocol negotiation defined in this document is based on the generic SDP offer/answer exchange based data channel negotiation as specified in [I-D.ietf-mmusic-data-channel-sdpneg].

Defining MSRP as a data channel sub-protocol has many benefits:

Considering an MSRP endpoint being an MSRP application that uses data channel from WebRTC specifications [I-D.ietf-rtcweb-data-channel], this document describes two configurations where the other endpoint is respectively either another MSRP over data channel endpoint (e.g., a WebRTC application) or an MSRP endpoint using either TCP or TLS transport.

2. Conventions

The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

3. Terminology

This document uses the following terms:

Data channel: A WebRTC data channel as specified in [I-D.ietf-rtcweb-data-channel].
MSRP data channel: A data channel specifically used to transport the messages of one MSRP session.
External negotiation: Data channel negotiation based on out-of-band or in-band mechanisms other than the Data Channel Establishment Protocol specified in [I-D.ietf-rtcweb-data-protocol].
In-band: Transmission through the peer-to-peer SCTP association.
Out-of-band: Transmission through the call control signaling path, e.g., using JSEP [I-D.ietf-rtcweb-jsep] and the SDP Offer/Answer model [RFC3264].
Peer: From the perspective of one of the agents in a session, its peer is the other agent. Specifically, from the perspective of the SDP offerer, the peer is the SDP answerer. From the perspective of the SDP answerer, the peer is the SDP offerer.

4. Principles

4.1. MSRP Data Channel

In this document, an MSRP data channel is a data channel for which the instantiated sub-protocol is "MSRP", and where the MSRP-related negotiation is done as part of the SDP-based external negotiation method defined in [I-D.ietf-mmusic-data-channel-sdpneg].

4.2. Session Mapping

In this design, the MSRP session maps to the SCTP association and the "SCTP stream pair" assigned to the data channel, and each MSRP session maps to one data channel exactly.


This document extends the MSRP URI syntax [RFC4975] by defining the new transport parameter value "dc":

transport  /= "dc" / 1*ALPHANUM
              ; Add "dc" to existing transports per [RFC4975]

4.4. msrp-scheme

The msrp-scheme portion of the MSRP-URI that represents an MSRP data channel endpoint (used in the SDP path attribute and in the MSRP message headers) is always "msrps", which indicates that the MSRP data channel is always secured using DTLS.

5. End-to-End Configuration

This section describes the network configuration where each MSRP endpoint is running MSRP over a data channel.

5.1. Basic MSRP Support

5.1.1. Session Negotiation Use of the dcmap Attribute

The SDP offer SHALL include a dcmap attribute line (defined in [I-D.ietf-mmusic-data-channel-sdpneg]), within the media description for the SCTP association for each MSRP data channel session to be negotiated.

The attribute includes the following data channel parameters:

The labelstring is set by the MSRP application according to [I-D.ietf-mmusic-data-channel-sdpneg]. Ordered and reliable data channels MUST always be used, such that the "max-retr" and "max-time" parameters SHALL NOT be used. If the "ordered" parameter is used, then its value MUST be equal to "true".

Rest of the SDP offer/answer procedures are per [I-D.ietf-mmusic-data-channel-sdpneg].

The following is an example of the dcmap attribute for an MSRP session to be negotiated with stream=2 and label="chat":

a=dcmap:2 label="chat";subprotocol="MSRP" Use of the dcsa Attribute

The SDP offer SHALL also include within the media description for the SCTP association a dcsa attribute line (defined in [I-D.ietf-mmusic-data-channel-sdpneg]) for each MSRP-specific SDP attribute to be negotiated for each MSRP data channel being negotiated.

The MSRP-specific items that can be negotiated include at least all of the following well-known attributes:

The msrp-cema attribute SHALL be assumed to be present for every MSRP session using data channel transport, so the inclusion of the msrp-cema attribute is OPTIONAL. This ensures that the data channel transport for the MSRP session is established without using the path attribute.

The SDP answer SHALL include zero or more corresponding dcsa attribute lines for each negotiated MSRP session, according to the MSRP-specific attribute negotiation rules in the corresponding specifications.

A new SDP offer/answer MAY update the MSRP subprotocol attributes while keeping the same subprotocol a=dcmap description. The semantics for newly negotiated MSRP subprotocol attributes are per [RFC4975]. Use of the setup Attribute

The SDP setup attribute, as introduced in [RFC4145], can be used in WebRTC data channel related SDP media descriptions as a media level attribute, which is associated with the corresponding UDP/DTLS/SCTP or TCP/DTLS/SCTP "m" line. In this case the setup attribute is of the form "a=setup:<role>", where <role> assumes values as defined in [RFC4145]. Such a setup attribute is used as specified in [I-D.ietf-mmusic-sctp-sdp] in order to negotiate the establishment roles of the DTLS connection. If an MSRP session is negotiated over a data channel, then such an "a=setup" attribute has no relationship with the MSRP session.

Additionally, the setup attribute can be embedded in a dcsa attribute and hence can explicitly be associated with an MSRP session over a specific data channel. In such a case it is of the form "a=dcsa:x setup:<role>", with x being the data channel's SCTP stream identifier. Such a dcsa embedded setup attribute has no relationship with the DTLS connection establishment roles.

A dcsa embedded setup attribute MUST be used for MSRP sessions over data channels.

The dcsa embedded setup attribute in an MSRP over data channel description is used to negotiate, which MSRP session endpoint assumes the active role as per Section 4.2.2 of [RFC6135] and Section 5.4 of [RFC4975].

It is considered an error if an MSRP over data channel description does not contain a dcsa embedded setup attribute. Example SDP Negotiation

The following is an example of an "m" line for data channels in an SDP offer that includes the attributes needed to establish two MSRP sessions: one for chat and one for file transfer. The example is derived from a combination of examples in [RFC4975] and [RFC5547].

   m=application 54111 UDP/DTLS/SCTP webrtc-datachannel
   c=IN IP4
   a=fingerprint:SHA-256 \
   a=dcmap:0 label="chat";subprotocol="MSRP"
   a=dcsa:0 setup:active
   a=dcsa:0 accept-types:message/cpim text/plain
   a=dcsa:0 path:msrps://;dc
   a=dcmap:2 label="file transfer";subprotocol="MSRP"
   a=dcsa:2 sendonly
   a=dcsa:2 setup:active
   a=dcsa:2 accept-types:message/cpim
   a=dcsa:2 accept-wrapped-types:*
   a=dcsa:2 path:msrps://;dc
   a=dcsa:2 file-selector:name:"My cool picture.jpg" \
        type:image/jpeg size:32349 hash:sha-1: \
   a=dcsa:2 file-transfer-id:vBnG916bdberum2fFEABR1FR3ExZMUrd
   a=dcsa:2 file-disposition:attachment
   a=dcsa:2 file-date:creation:"Mon, 15 May 2006 15:01:31 +0300"
   a=dcsa:2 file-range:1-32349

5.1.2. Session Opening

Section describes how the active MSRP session endpoint role is negotiated. The active MSRP session endpoint does not use the path attribute to open a transport connection to its peer. Instead, it uses the data channel established for this MSRP session by the generic data channel opening procedure defined in [I-D.ietf-mmusic-data-channel-sdpneg].

As soon as this data channel is opened, the MSRP session is actually opened by the active MSRP session endpoint. In order to do this the active MSRP endpoint sends an MSRP SEND message (empty or not) to the other MSRP endpoint. The msrp-cema attribute is implicitly associated with every MSRP session using data channel transport.

5.1.3. Data Framing

Each text-based MSRP message is sent on the corresponding SCTP stream using standard MSRP framing and chunking procedures, as defined in [RFC4975], with each MSRP chunk delivered in a single SCTP user message. Therefore all sent MSRP chunks including the MSRP chunk header MUST have lengths of less than or equal to the value of the peer's "a=max-message-size" attribute, which is associated with the data channel's SCTP association.

5.1.4. Data Sending and Reporting

Data sending and reporting procedures SHALL conform to RFC 4975.

5.1.5. Session Closing

The closure of an MSRP session MUST be signaled via an SDP offer/answer exchange which removes the "a=dcmap:" and "a=dcsa:" attribute lines associated with the MSRP session from the associated DTLS/SCTP based media description. This results in the associated data channel being closed as well as per [I-D.ietf-mmusic-data-channel-sdpneg], where the actual data channel closure procedure is typically initiated by the SDP answerer right after having accepted the SDP offer.

The port value for the "m" line SHOULD NOT be changed (e.g. to zero) when closing an MSRP session (unless all data channels are being closed and the SCTP association is no longer needed), since this would close the SCTP association and impact all of the data channels. In all cases in [RFC4975] where the procedure calls for setting the port to zero for the MSRP "m" line in an SDP offer for TCP transport, the SDP offerer of an MSRP session with data channel transport SHALL remove the corresponding dcmap and dcsa attributes.

The SDP answerer must ensure that no dcmap or dcsa attributes are present in the SDP answer if no corresponding attributes are present in the received SDP offer.

5.2. Support for MSRP File Transfer Function

[RFC5547] defines an end-to-end file transfer method based on MSRP and the SDP offer/answer mechanism. This file transfer method is also usable by MSRP endpoints using data channels, with the following considerations:

6. Gateway Configuration

This section describes the network configuration where one MSRP endpoint uses data channels as MSRP transport, the other MSRP endpoint uses TLS/TCP connections as MSRP transport, and the two MSRP endpoints interwork via an MSRP gateway.

Specifically, a gateway can be configured to interwork an MSRP session over a data channel with a peer that does not support data channel transport in one of two ways. In one model, the gateway performs as a MSRP B2BUA to interwork all the procedures as necessary between the endpoints. No further specification is needed for this model.

Alternately, the gateway can use CEMA procedures to provide transport level interworking between MSRP endpoints using different transport protocols as follows.

When the gateway performs transport level interworking between MSRP endpoints, all of the procedures in Section 5 apply to each peer, with the following additions:

7. Security Considerations

To be completed.

8. IANA Considerations

To be completed.

9. Acknowledgments

The authors wish to acknowledge the borrowing of ideas from another internet draft by Peter Dunkley and Gavin Llewellyn, and to thank Christian Groves, Christer Holmberg, Paul Kyzivat, Jonathan Lennox, Uwe Rauschenbach, Albrecht Schwarz and Keith Drage for their invaluable comments.


10.1. Changes against 'draft-ietf-mmusic-msrp-usage-data-channel-02'

10.2. Changes against 'draft-ietf-mmusic-msrp-usage-data-channel-01'

10.3. Changes against 'draft-ietf-mmusic-msrp-usage-data-channel-00'

10.4. Changes against 'draft-ejzak-mmusic-msrp-usage-data-channel-01'

10.5. Changes against '-00'

11. References

11.1. Normative References

[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997.
[I-D.ietf-rtcweb-jsep] Uberti, J., Jennings, C. and E. Rescorla, "Javascript Session Establishment Protocol", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-rtcweb-jsep-12, October 2015.
[RFC3264] Rosenberg, J. and H. Schulzrinne, "An Offer/Answer Model with Session Description Protocol (SDP)", RFC 3264, DOI 10.17487/RFC3264, June 2002.
[I-D.ietf-rtcweb-data-protocol] Jesup, R., Loreto, S. and M. Tuexen, "WebRTC Data Channel Establishment Protocol", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-rtcweb-data-protocol-09, January 2015.
[I-D.ietf-rtcweb-data-channel] Jesup, R., Loreto, S. and M. Tuexen, "WebRTC Data Channels", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-rtcweb-data-channel-13, January 2015.
[I-D.ejzak-mmusic-data-channel-sdpneg] Drage, K., Stoetzer-Bradler, J., Ejzak, R. and J. Marcon, "SDP-based "SCTP over DTLS" data channel negotiation", Internet-Draft draft-ejzak-mmusic-data-channel-sdpneg-02, October 2014.
[I-D.ietf-mmusic-data-channel-sdpneg] Drage, K., Makaraju, R., Stoetzer-Bradler, J., Ejzak, R. and J. Marcon, "SDP-based Data Channel Negotiation", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-mmusic-data-channel-sdpneg-06, October 2015.
[I-D.ietf-mmusic-sctp-sdp] Holmberg, C., Loreto, S. and G. Camarillo, "Stream Control Transmission Protocol (SCTP)-Based Media Transport in the Session Description Protocol (SDP)", Internet-Draft draft-ietf-mmusic-sctp-sdp-15, September 2015.
[RFC4145] Yon, D. and G. Camarillo, "TCP-Based Media Transport in the Session Description Protocol (SDP)", RFC 4145, DOI 10.17487/RFC4145, September 2005.
[RFC4566] Handley, M., Jacobson, V. and C. Perkins, "SDP: Session Description Protocol", RFC 4566, DOI 10.17487/RFC4566, July 2006.
[RFC4975] Campbell, B., Mahy, R. and C. Jennings, "The Message Session Relay Protocol (MSRP)", RFC 4975, DOI 10.17487/RFC4975, September 2007.
[RFC4976] Jennings, C., Mahy, R. and A. Roach, "Relay Extensions for the Message Sessions Relay Protocol (MSRP)", RFC 4976, DOI 10.17487/RFC4976, September 2007.
[RFC5547] Garcia-Martin, M., Isomaki, M., Camarillo, G., Loreto, S. and P. Kyzivat, "A Session Description Protocol (SDP) Offer/Answer Mechanism to Enable File Transfer", RFC 5547, DOI 10.17487/RFC5547, May 2009.
[RFC6135] Holmberg, C. and S. Blau, "An Alternative Connection Model for the Message Session Relay Protocol (MSRP)", RFC 6135, DOI 10.17487/RFC6135, February 2011.
[RFC6714] Holmberg, C., Blau, S. and E. Burger, "Connection Establishment for Media Anchoring (CEMA) for the Message Session Relay Protocol (MSRP)", RFC 6714, DOI 10.17487/RFC6714, August 2012.

11.2. Informative References

[WebRtcAPI] Bergkvist, A., Burnett, D., Narayanan, A. and C. Jennings, "WebRTC 1.0: Real-time Communication Between Browsers", World Wide Web Consortium WD WD-webrtc-20120821, August 2012.

Authors' Addresses

Keith Drage (editor) Alcatel-Lucent Quadrant, Stonehill Green, Westlea Swindon, UK EMail:
Maridi R. Makaraju (Raju) Alcatel-Lucent 2000 Lucent Lane Naperville, Illinois US EMail:
Juergen Stoetzer-Bradler Alcatel-Lucent Lorenzstrasse 10 D-70435 Stuttgart, Germany EMail:
Richard Ejzak Unaffiliated EMail:
Jerome Marcon Unaffiliated