< draft-ietf-i2nsf-applicability-10.txt   draft-ietf-i2nsf-applicability-11.txt >
I2NSF Working Group J. Jeong I2NSF Working Group J. Jeong
Internet-Draft Sungkyunkwan University Internet-Draft Sungkyunkwan University
Intended status: Informational S. Hyun Intended status: Informational S. Hyun
Expires: November 3, 2019 Chosun University Expires: November 17, 2019 Chosun University
T. Ahn T. Ahn
Korea Telecom Korea Telecom
S. Hares S. Hares
Huawei Huawei
D. Lopez D. Lopez
Telefonica I+D Telefonica I+D
May 2, 2019 May 16, 2019
Applicability of Interfaces to Network Security Functions to Network- Applicability of Interfaces to Network Security Functions to Network-
Based Security Services Based Security Services
draft-ietf-i2nsf-applicability-10 draft-ietf-i2nsf-applicability-11
Abstract Abstract
This document describes the applicability of Interface to Network This document describes the applicability of Interface to Network
Security Functions (I2NSF) to network-based security services in Security Functions (I2NSF) to network-based security services in
Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) environments, such as Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) environments, such as
firewall, deep packet inspection, or attack mitigation engines. firewall, deep packet inspection, or attack mitigation engines.
Status of This Memo Status of This Memo
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Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute
working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet- working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-
Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/. Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.
Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
This Internet-Draft will expire on November 3, 2019. This Internet-Draft will expire on November 17, 2019.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
Provisions Relating to IETF Documents Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
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publication of this document. Please review these documents publication of this document. Please review these documents
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System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
6.3. Attack Mitigation: Centralized DDoS-attack Mitigation 6.3. Attack Mitigation: Centralized DDoS-attack Mitigation
System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
7. I2NSF Framework with NFV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 7. I2NSF Framework with NFV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
8. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 8. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
9. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 9. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
10. Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 10. Contributors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
11. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 11. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
11.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 11.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
11.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 11.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Appendix A. Changes from draft-ietf-i2nsf-applicability-09 . . . 23 Appendix A. Changes from draft-ietf-i2nsf-applicability-10 . . . 23
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
Interface to Network Security Functions (I2NSF) defines a framework Interface to Network Security Functions (I2NSF) defines a framework
and interfaces for interacting with Network Security Functions and interfaces for interacting with Network Security Functions
(NSFs). Note that Network Security Function (NSF) is defined as (NSFs). Note that an NSF is defined as software that provides a set
software that provides a set of security-related services, such as of security-related services, such as (i) detecting unwanted
(i) detecting unwanted activity, (ii) blocking or mitigating the activity, (ii) blocking or mitigating the effect of such unwanted
effect of such unwanted activity in order to fulfil service activity in order to fulfil service requirements, and (iii)
requirements, and (iii) supporting communication stream integrity and supporting communication stream integrity and confidentiality
confidentiality [i2nsf-terminology]. [i2nsf-terminology].
The I2NSF framework allows heterogeneous NSFs developed by different The I2NSF framework allows heterogeneous NSFs developed by different
security solution vendors to be used in the Network Functions security solution vendors to be used in the Network Functions
Virtualization (NFV) environment [ETSI-NFV] by utilizing the Virtualization (NFV) environment [ETSI-NFV] by utilizing the
capabilities of such NSFs through I2NSF interfaces such as Customer- capabilities of such NSFs through I2NSF interfaces such as Customer-
Facing Interface [consumer-facing-inf-dm] and NSF-Facing Interface Facing Interface [consumer-facing-inf-dm] and NSF-Facing Interface
[nsf-facing-inf-dm]. In the I2NSF framework, each NSF initially [nsf-facing-inf-dm]. In the I2NSF framework, each NSF initially
registers the profile of its own capabilities into the Security registers the profile of its own capabilities into the Security
Controller (i.e., network operator management system [RFC8329]) in Controller (i.e., network operator management system [RFC8329]) in
the I2NSF system via Registration Interface [registration-inf-dm] so the I2NSF system via Registration Interface [registration-inf-dm] so
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[NFV-Terminology], [RFC8329], and [i2nsf-terminology]. In addition, [NFV-Terminology], [RFC8329], and [i2nsf-terminology]. In addition,
the following terms are defined below: the following terms are defined below:
o Software-Defined Networking (SDN): A set of techniques that o Software-Defined Networking (SDN): A set of techniques that
enables to directly program, orchestrate, control, and manage enables to directly program, orchestrate, control, and manage
network resources, which facilitates the design, delivery and network resources, which facilitates the design, delivery and
operation of network services in a dynamic and scalable manner operation of network services in a dynamic and scalable manner
[ITU-T.Y.3300]. [ITU-T.Y.3300].
o Network Function: A funcional block within a network o Network Function: A functional block within a network
infrastructure that has well-defined external interfaces and well- infrastructure that has well-defined external interfaces and well-
defined functional behavior [NFV-Terminology]. defined functional behavior [NFV-Terminology].
o Network Security Function (NSF): Software that provides a set of o Network Security Function (NSF): Software that provides a set of
security-related services. Examples include detecting unwanted security-related services. Examples include detecting unwanted
activity and blocking or mitigating the effect of such unwanted activity and blocking or mitigating the effect of such unwanted
activity in order to fulfil service requirements. The NSF can activity in order to fulfil service requirements. The NSF can
also help in supporting communication stream integrity and also help in supporting communication stream integrity and
confidentiality [i2nsf-terminology]. confidentiality [i2nsf-terminology].
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11.2. Informative References 11.2. Informative References
[AVANT-GUARD] [AVANT-GUARD]
Shin, S., Yegneswaran, V., Porras, P., and G. Gu, "AVANT- Shin, S., Yegneswaran, V., Porras, P., and G. Gu, "AVANT-
GUARD: Scalable and Vigilant Switch Flow Management in GUARD: Scalable and Vigilant Switch Flow Management in
Software-Defined Networks", ACM CCS, November 2013. Software-Defined Networks", ACM CCS, November 2013.
[consumer-facing-inf-dm] [consumer-facing-inf-dm]
Jeong, J., Kim, E., Ahn, T., Kumar, R., and S. Hares, Jeong, J., Kim, E., Ahn, T., Kumar, R., and S. Hares,
"I2NSF Consumer-Facing Interface YANG Data Model", draft- "I2NSF Consumer-Facing Interface YANG Data Model", draft-
ietf-i2nsf-consumer-facing-interface-dm-03 (work in ietf-i2nsf-consumer-facing-interface-dm-04 (work in
progress), March 2019. progress), April 2019.
[ETSI-NFV-MANO] [ETSI-NFV-MANO]
"Network Functions Virtualisation (NFV); Management and "Network Functions Virtualisation (NFV); Management and
Orchestration", Available: Orchestration", Available:
https://www.etsi.org/deliver/etsi_gs/nfv- https://www.etsi.org/deliver/etsi_gs/nfv-
man/001_099/001/01.01.01_60/gs_nfv-man001v010101p.pdf, man/001_099/001/01.01.01_60/gs_nfv-man001v010101p.pdf,
December 2014. December 2014.
[i2nsf-terminology] [i2nsf-terminology]
Hares, S., Strassner, J., Lopez, D., Xia, L., and H. Hares, S., Strassner, J., Lopez, D., Xia, L., and H.
skipping to change at page 22, line 12 skipping to change at page 22, line 12
Terminology", draft-ietf-i2nsf-terminology-07 (work in Terminology", draft-ietf-i2nsf-terminology-07 (work in
progress), January 2019. progress), January 2019.
[ITU-T.X.800] [ITU-T.X.800]
"Security Architecture for Open Systems Interconnection "Security Architecture for Open Systems Interconnection
for CCITT Applications", March 1991. for CCITT Applications", March 1991.
[nsf-facing-inf-dm] [nsf-facing-inf-dm]
Kim, J., Jeong, J., Park, J., Hares, S., and Q. Lin, Kim, J., Jeong, J., Park, J., Hares, S., and Q. Lin,
"I2NSF Network Security Function-Facing Interface YANG "I2NSF Network Security Function-Facing Interface YANG
Data Model", draft-ietf-i2nsf-nsf-facing-interface-dm-03 Data Model", draft-ietf-i2nsf-nsf-facing-interface-dm-05
(work in progress), March 2019. (work in progress), March 2019.
[nsf-monitoring-dm] [nsf-monitoring-dm]
Jeong, J., Chung, C., Hares, S., Xia, L., and H. Birkholz, Jeong, J., Chung, C., Hares, S., Xia, L., and H. Birkholz,
"A YANG Data Model for Monitoring I2NSF Network Security "I2NSF NSF Monitoring YANG Data Model", draft-ietf-i2nsf-
Functions", draft-ietf-i2nsf-nsf-monitoring-data-model-00 nsf-monitoring-data-model-00 (work in progress), March
(work in progress), March 2019. 2019.
[opsawg-firewalls] [opsawg-firewalls]
Baker, F. and P. Hoffman, "On Firewalls in Internet Baker, F. and P. Hoffman, "On Firewalls in Internet
Security", draft-ietf-opsawg-firewalls-01 (work in Security", draft-ietf-opsawg-firewalls-01 (work in
progress), October 2012. progress), October 2012.
[policy-translation] [policy-translation]
Yang, J., Jeong, J., and J. Kim, "Security Policy Yang, J., Jeong, J., and J. Kim, "Security Policy
Translation in Interface to Network Security Functions", Translation in Interface to Network Security Functions",
draft-yang-i2nsf-security-policy-translation-03 (work in draft-yang-i2nsf-security-policy-translation-03 (work in
progress), March 2019. progress), March 2019.
[registration-inf-dm] [registration-inf-dm]
Hyun, S., Jeong, J., Roh, T., Wi, S., and J. Park, "I2NSF Hyun, S., Jeong, J., Roh, T., Wi, S., and J. Park, "I2NSF
Registration Interface YANG Data Model", draft-ietf-i2nsf- Registration Interface YANG Data Model", draft-ietf-i2nsf-
registration-interface-dm-02 (work in progress), March registration-interface-dm-03 (work in progress), March
2019. 2019.
[VNF-ONBOARDING] [VNF-ONBOARDING]
"VNF Onboarding", Available: "VNF Onboarding", Available:
https://wiki.opnfv.org/display/mano/VNF+Onboarding, https://wiki.opnfv.org/display/mano/VNF+Onboarding,
November 2016. November 2016.
Appendix A. Changes from draft-ietf-i2nsf-applicability-09 Appendix A. Changes from draft-ietf-i2nsf-applicability-10
The following changes have been made from draft-ietf-i2nsf- The following changes have been made from draft-ietf-i2nsf-
applicability-09: applicability-10:
o This version has reflected the questions and comments from Roman
Danyliw who is a Security Area Director as follows.
o In Section 1, the description of I2NSF components and interfaces
is clarified with typo correction.
o In Section 2, unnecessary references are deleted, and the
definition of a term "NSF" is clarified with the I2NSF terminology
draft [i2nsf-terminology].
o In Section 3, inside attacks at DMS or I2NSF User are described
clearly along with feasible counterattacks against those inside
attacks. Also, the usage of RESTCONF and NETCONF with YANG data
model language is clarified for three I2NSF interfaces such as the
Consumer-Facing Interface, NSF-Facing Interface, and Registration
Interface.
o In Section 4, a real XML code for the time-dependent web access
control is added for the Consumer-Facing Interface as an example.
o In Section 5, the network service header (NSH) as a reference is o In Section 1, "Network Security Function (NSF)" is replaced with
added for the metadata format for I2NSF traffic steering based on "an NSF" because the abbreviation of "Network Security Function"
SFC. is defined as "NSF" in the previous sentence.
o In Section 6, the definitions of an SDN forwarding element and an o In Section 2, a typo in "funcional block" is corrected as
NSF are clarified. Also, the optimization of an SDN-and-NFV-based "functional block".
firewall is explained clearly in terms of delay and network
bandwidth saving.
Authors' Addresses Authors' Addresses
Jaehoon Paul Jeong Jaehoon Paul Jeong
Department of Software Department of Software
Sungkyunkwan University Sungkyunkwan University
2066 Seobu-Ro, Jangan-Gu 2066 Seobu-Ro, Jangan-Gu
Suwon, Gyeonggi-Do 16419 Suwon, Gyeonggi-Do 16419
Republic of Korea Republic of Korea
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