< draft-thubert-roll-turnon-rfc8138-02.txt   draft-thubert-roll-turnon-rfc8138-03.txt >
ROLL P. Thubert, Ed. ROLL P. Thubert, Ed.
Internet-Draft L. Zhao Internet-Draft L. Zhao
Updates: 6550,8138 (if approved) Cisco Systems Updates: 6550,8138 (if approved) Cisco Systems
Intended status: Standards Track July 3, 2019 Intended status: Standards Track July 8, 2019
Expires: January 4, 2020 Expires: January 9, 2020
Configuration option for RFC 8138 Configuration option for RFC 8138
draft-thubert-roll-turnon-rfc8138-02 draft-thubert-roll-turnon-rfc8138-03
Abstract Abstract
This document complements RFC 8138 and dedicates a bit in the RPL This document complements RFC 8138 and dedicates a bit in the RPL
configuration option defined in RFC 6550 to indicate whether RFC 8138 configuration option defined in RFC 6550 to indicate whether RFC 8138
compression is used within the RPL instance. compression is used within the RPL instance.
Status of This Memo Status of This Memo
This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
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Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute Task Force (IETF). Note that other groups may also distribute
working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet- working documents as Internet-Drafts. The list of current Internet-
Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/. Drafts is at https://datatracker.ietf.org/drafts/current/.
Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months
and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any
time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
This Internet-Draft will expire on January 4, 2020. This Internet-Draft will expire on January 9, 2020.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the Copyright (c) 2019 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
document authors. All rights reserved. document authors. All rights reserved.
This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal
Provisions Relating to IETF Documents Provisions Relating to IETF Documents
(https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of (https://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of
publication of this document. Please review these documents publication of this document. Please review these documents
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3. Updating RFC 6550 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 3. Updating RFC 6550 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
4. Updating RFC 8138 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 4. Updating RFC 8138 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
5. Transition Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 5. Transition Scenarios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
5.1. Inconsistent State While Migrating . . . . . . . . . . . 4 5.1. Inconsistent State While Migrating . . . . . . . . . . . 4
5.2. Single Instance Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5.2. Single Instance Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
5.3. Double Instance Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 5.3. Double Instance Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
5.4. Rolling Back . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 5.4. Rolling Back . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
6. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 6. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
7. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 7. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
8. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 8. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
9. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 9. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
9.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 9.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
9.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 9.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
The transition to [RFC8138] in a network can only be done when all The transition to [RFC8138] in a network can only be done when all
nodes support the specification. In a mixed case with both nodes support the specification. In a mixed case with both
RFC8138-capable and non-capable nodes, the compression should be RFC8138-capable and non-capable nodes, the compression should be
turned off. turned off.
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have been done in [RFC8138] itself. have been done in [RFC8138] itself.
A node that supports this specification SHOULD source packets in the A node that supports this specification SHOULD source packets in the
compressed form using [RFC8138] if the new "T" flag is set in the RPL compressed form using [RFC8138] if the new "T" flag is set in the RPL
configuration option from its parents. Failure to do so will result configuration option from its parents. Failure to do so will result
in larger packets, yields higher risks of loss and may cause a in larger packets, yields higher risks of loss and may cause a
fragmentation. fragmentation.
A node that supports this specification SHOULD refrain from sourcing A node that supports this specification SHOULD refrain from sourcing
packets in the compressed form using [RFC8138] if the "T" flag is packets in the compressed form using [RFC8138] if the "T" flag is
reset. This behaviour can be overridden by a configuration of the reset. This behavior can be overridden by a configuration of the
node in order to cope with intermediate implementations of the root node in order to cope with intermediate implementations of the root
that support [RFC8138] but not this specification and cannot set the that support [RFC8138] but not this specification and cannot set the
"T" flag. "T" flag.
The decision of using RFC 8138 to compress a packet is made at the The decision of using RFC 8138 to compress a packet is made at the
source depending on its capabilities and its knowledge of the state source depending on its capabilities and its knowledge of the state
of the "T" flag. A router MUST forward the packet in the form that of the "T" flag. A router MUST forward the packet in the form that
the source used, either compressed or uncompressed. A router that the source used, either compressed or uncompressed. A router that
encapsulates a packet is the source of the resulting packet and the encapsulates a packet is the source of the resulting packet and the
rules above apply to it in that case. rules above apply to it in that case.
5. Transition Scenarios 5. Transition Scenarios
A node that supports [RFC8138] but not this specification can only be It is RECOMMENDED to only deploy nodes that support [RFC8138] in a
used in an homogeneous network and an upgrade requires a "flag day" network where the compression is turned on. A node that does not
where all nodes are updated and then the network is rebooted with support [RFC8138] MUST only be used as a leaf in that network.
implicitely RFC 8138 compression turned on with the "T" flag set on.
A node that supports this specification can work in a network with
RFC 8138 compression turned on or off with the "T" flag set
accordingly and in a network in transition from off to on or on to
off (see Section 5.1).
A node that does not support [RFC8138] can interoperate with a node
that supports this specification in a network with RFC 8138
compression turned off. But it cannot forward compressed packets and
therefore it cannot act as a router in a network with RFC 8138
compression turned on. It may remain connected to that network as a
leaf and generate uncompressed packets as long as imcoming packets
are decapsulated by the parent and delivered in uncompressed form.
[RFC6550] states that "Nodes other than the DODAG root MUST NOT [RFC6550] states that "Nodes other than the DODAG root MUST NOT
modify this information when propagating the DODAG Configuration modify this information when propagating the DODAG Configuration
option". In other words, the configuration option is a way for the option". In other words, the configuration option is a way for the
root to configure the LLN nodes but it cannot be used by a parent to root to configure the LLN nodes but it cannot be used by a parent to
advertise its capabilities down the DODAG. It results whether a advertise its capabilities down the DODAG. It results whether a
parent supports RFC 8138 is not known by the child with the current parent supports RFC 8138 is not known by the child with the current
level of specifications, and a child cannot favor a parent based on a level of specifications, and a child cannot favor a parent based on a
particular support. particular support.
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free to refrain from joining an Instance when a parameter is not free to refrain from joining an Instance when a parameter is not
suitable. This means that changing the OCP in a DODAG can be used to suitable. This means that changing the OCP in a DODAG can be used to
force nodes that do not support a particular feature to join as leaf force nodes that do not support a particular feature to join as leaf
only. This specification reiterates that a node that is configured only. This specification reiterates that a node that is configured
to operate in an Instance but does not support a value for a known to operate in an Instance but does not support a value for a known
parameter that is mandatory for routing MUST NOT operate as a router parameter that is mandatory for routing MUST NOT operate as a router
but MAY still joins as a leaf. Note that a legacy node will not but MAY still joins as a leaf. Note that a legacy node will not
recognize when a reserved field is now used and will not turn to a recognize when a reserved field is now used and will not turn to a
leaf when that happens. leaf when that happens.
A node that supports [RFC8138] but not this specification can only be
used in an homogeneous network and an upgrade requires a "flag day"
where all nodes are updated and then the network is rebooted with
implicitely RFC 8138 compression turned on with the "T" flag set on.
A node that supports this specification can work in a network with
RFC 8138 compression turned on or off with the "T" flag set
accordingly and in a network in transition from off to on or on to
off (see Section 5.1).
A node that does not support [RFC8138] can interoperate with a node
that supports this specification in a network with RFC 8138
compression turned off. But it cannot forward compressed packets and
therefore it cannot act as a router in a network with RFC 8138
compression turned on. It may remain connected to that network as a
leaf and generate uncompressed packets as long as imcoming packets
are decapsulated by the parent and delivered in uncompressed form.
The intent for this specification is to perform a migration once and The intent for this specification is to perform a migration once and
for all without the need for a flag day. In particular it is not the for all without the need for a flag day. In particular it is not the
intention to undo the setting of the "T" flag, and though it is intention to undo the setting of the "T" flag, and though it is
possible to roll back (see Section 5.4), adding nodes that do not possible to roll back (see Section 5.4), adding nodes that do not
support [RFC8138] after a roll back may be problematic if the roll support [RFC8138] after a roll back may be problematic if the roll
back is not fully complete (see caveats in Section 5.2). back is not fully complete (see caveats in Section 5.2).
5.1. Inconsistent State While Migrating 5.1. Inconsistent State While Migrating
When the "T" flag is turned on in the configuration option by the When the "T" flag is turned on in the configuration option by the
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In a single instance scenario, nodes that support RFC 8138 are In a single instance scenario, nodes that support RFC 8138 are
configured with a new OCP, that may use the same OF operation or a configured with a new OCP, that may use the same OF operation or a
variation of it. when it finally sets the "T" flag, the root also variation of it. when it finally sets the "T" flag, the root also
migrates to the new OCP. As a result, nodes that do not support RFC migrates to the new OCP. As a result, nodes that do not support RFC
8138 join as leaves and do not forward packets anymore. The leaves 8138 join as leaves and do not forward packets anymore. The leaves
generate packets without compression. The parents - which supports generate packets without compression. The parents - which supports
RFC 8138 - may encapsulate the packets using RFC 8138 if needed. The RFC 8138 - may encapsulate the packets using RFC 8138 if needed. The
other way around, the root encapsulates packets to the leaves all the other way around, the root encapsulates packets to the leaves all the
way to the parent, which decapsulates and distribute the uncompresses way to the parent, which decapsulates and distribute the uncompresses
inner packet to the leaf. inner packet to the leaf, as illustrated in Section 4.3 of
[I-D.ietf-roll-useofrplinfo]
This scenario presents a number of caveats: This scenario presents a number of caveats:
o The method consumes an extra OCP. It also requires a means to o The method consumes an extra OCP. It also requires a means to
signal the capabilities of the leaf, e.g., using "RPL Mode of signal the capabilities of the leaf, e.g., using "RPL Mode of
Operation extension" [I-D.rahul-roll-mop-ext]. Operation extension" [I-D.rahul-roll-mop-ext].
o If an implementation does not move to a leaf mode when the OCP is o If an implementation does not move to a leaf mode when the OCP is
changed to an unknown one, then the node may be stalled. changed to an unknown one, then the node may be stalled.
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5.3. Double Instance Scenario 5.3. Double Instance Scenario
An alternate to the Single Instance Scenario is to deploy an An alternate to the Single Instance Scenario is to deploy an
additional Instance for the nodes that support [RFC8138]. The two additional Instance for the nodes that support [RFC8138]. The two
instances operate as ships-in-the-night as specified in [RFC6550]. instances operate as ships-in-the-night as specified in [RFC6550].
The preexisting Instance that does not use [RFC8138], whereas the new The preexisting Instance that does not use [RFC8138], whereas the new
Instance does. This is signaled by the "T" flag which is only set in Instance does. This is signaled by the "T" flag which is only set in
the configuration option in DIO messages in the new Instance. the configuration option in DIO messages in the new Instance.
The legacy nodes would not be configured to participate to the second
instance, and islands that are only connected via legacy nodes would
not be reachable over the second instance.
Nodes that support RFC 8138 participate to both Instances but favor Nodes that support RFC 8138 participate to both Instances but favor
the new Instance for the traffic that they source. On the other the new Instance for the traffic that they source. On the other
hand, nodes that only support the uncompressed format would either hand, nodes that only support the uncompressed format would either
not be configured for the new instance, or would be configured to not be configured for the new instance, or would be configured to
join it as leaves only. join it as leaves only.
This method eliminates the risks of nodes being stalled that are This method eliminates the risks of nodes being stalled that are
described in Section 5.2 but requires implementations to support at described in Section 5.2 but requires implementations to support at
least two RPL Instances and demands management capabilities to least two RPL Instances and demands management capabilities to
introduce new Instances and deprecate old ones. introduce new Instances and deprecate old ones.
5.4. Rolling Back 5.4. Rolling Back
After downgrading a network to turn the [RFC8138] compression off, After downgrading a network to turn the [RFC8138] compression off,
the administrator SHOULD make sure that all nodes have converged to the administrator SHOULD make sure that all nodes have converged to
the "T" flag reset before allowing nodes that do not support the the "T" flag reset before allowing nodes that do not support the
compression in the network (see caveats in Section 5.2). compression in the network (see caveats in Section 5.2). This also
requires a means to signal the current state of the setting of the
It is RECOMMENDED to only deploy nodes that support [RFC8138] in a logic that controls the compression in the node, also using
network where the compression is turned on. A node that does not [I-D.rahul-roll-mop-ext].
support [RFC8138] MUST only be used as a leaf.
6. IANA Considerations 6. IANA Considerations
This specification updates the "Registry for the DODAG Configuration This specification updates the "Registry for the DODAG Configuration
Option Flags" that was created for [RFC6550] as follows: Option Flags" that was created for [RFC6550] as follows:
+---------------+---------------------------------+----------------+ +---------------+---------------------------------+----------------+
| Bit Number | Meaning | Defining Spec | | Bit Number | Meaning | Defining Spec |
+---------------+---------------------------------+----------------+ +---------------+---------------------------------+----------------+
| 2 (suggested) | Turn on RFC8138 Compression (T) | This | | 2 (suggested) | Turn on RFC8138 Compression (T) | This |
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| 2 (suggested) | Turn on RFC8138 Compression (T) | This | | 2 (suggested) | Turn on RFC8138 Compression (T) | This |
+---------------+---------------------------------+----------------+ +---------------+---------------------------------+----------------+
Table 1: New DODAG Configuration Option Flag Table 1: New DODAG Configuration Option Flag
7. Security Considerations 7. Security Considerations
No specific threat was identified with this specification. No specific threat was identified with this specification.
8. Acknowledgments 8. Acknowledgments
9. References 9. References
9.1. Normative References 9.1. Normative References
[I-D.ietf-roll-useofrplinfo]
Robles, I., Richardson, M., and P. Thubert, "Using RPL
Option Type, Routing Header for Source Routes and IPv6-in-
IPv6 encapsulation in the RPL Data Plane", draft-ietf-
roll-useofrplinfo-31 (work in progress), July 2019.
[I-D.rahul-roll-mop-ext]
Jadhav, R. and P. Thubert, "RPL Mode of Operation
extension", draft-rahul-roll-mop-ext-01 (work in
progress), June 2019.
[RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119,
DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997, DOI 10.17487/RFC2119, March 1997,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc2119>.
[RFC6550] Winter, T., Ed., Thubert, P., Ed., Brandt, A., Hui, J., [RFC6550] Winter, T., Ed., Thubert, P., Ed., Brandt, A., Hui, J.,
Kelsey, R., Levis, P., Pister, K., Struik, R., Vasseur, Kelsey, R., Levis, P., Pister, K., Struik, R., Vasseur,
JP., and R. Alexander, "RPL: IPv6 Routing Protocol for JP., and R. Alexander, "RPL: IPv6 Routing Protocol for
Low-Power and Lossy Networks", RFC 6550, Low-Power and Lossy Networks", RFC 6550,
DOI 10.17487/RFC6550, March 2012, DOI 10.17487/RFC6550, March 2012,
<https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6550>. <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc6550>.
[RFC8174] Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC [RFC8174] Leiba, B., "Ambiguity of Uppercase vs Lowercase in RFC
2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174, 2119 Key Words", BCP 14, RFC 8174, DOI 10.17487/RFC8174,
May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>. May 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8174>.
9.2. Informative References 9.2. Informative References
[I-D.rahul-roll-mop-ext]
Jadhav, R. and P. Thubert, "RPL Mode of Operation
extension", draft-rahul-roll-mop-ext-01 (work in
progress), June 2019.
[RFC8138] Thubert, P., Ed., Bormann, C., Toutain, L., and R. Cragie, [RFC8138] Thubert, P., Ed., Bormann, C., Toutain, L., and R. Cragie,
"IPv6 over Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Network "IPv6 over Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Network
(6LoWPAN) Routing Header", RFC 8138, DOI 10.17487/RFC8138, (6LoWPAN) Routing Header", RFC 8138, DOI 10.17487/RFC8138,
April 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8138>. April 2017, <https://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc8138>.
Authors' Addresses Authors' Addresses
Pascal Thubert (editor) Pascal Thubert (editor)
Cisco Systems, Inc Cisco Systems, Inc
Building D Building D
45 Allee des Ormes - BP1200 45 Allee des Ormes - BP1200
MOUGINS - Sophia Antipolis 06254 MOUGINS - Sophia Antipolis 06254
FRANCE FRANCE
Phone: +33 497 23 26 34 Phone: +33 497 23 26 34
Email: pthubert@cisco.com Email: pthubert@cisco.com
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