Network Working Group                                            B. Ray
Category: Internet Draft                         PESA Switching Systems
                                                                R. Abbi
                                                                Alcatel
                                                         September
                                                          November 2003

         High Capacity Textual Conventions for MIB Modules Using
             Performance History Based on 15 Minute Intervals
                     draft-ietf-adslmib-hc-tc-06.txt
                     draft-ietf-adslmib-hc-tc-07.txt

Status of this Memo

   This document is an Internet-Draft and is in full conformance with
   all provisions of Section 10 of RFC2026.

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Copyright Notice

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003).  All Rights Reserved.

Abstract

   This document presents a set of High Capacity Textual Conventions
   for use in MIB modules which require performance history based upon
   15 minute intervals.  The Textual Conventions defined in this
   document extend the conventions presented in RFC 3593 to 64 bit
   resolution using the conventions presented in RFC 2856.

Table of Contents

1.  The Internet-Standard Management Framework ....................   2
2.  Overview ......................................................   2
3.  Definitions ...................................................   3
4.  Intellectual Property .........................................   8
5.  Normative References ..........................................   8
6.  Informative References ........................................   8
7.  Security Considerations .......................................   9
8.  Acknowledgements ..............................................   9
9.  Authors' Addresses ............................................   9
10. Full Copyright Statement ......................................  10

1. The Internet-Standard Management Framework

   For a detailed overview of the documents that describe the current
   Internet-Standard Management Framework, please refer to section 7 of
   RFC 3410 [RFC3410].

   Managed objects are accessed via a virtual information store, termed
   the Management Information Base or MIB.  MIB objects are generally
   accessed through the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP).
   Objects in the MIB are defined using the mechanisms defined in the
   Structure of Management Information (SMI).  This memo specifies a
   MIB module that is compliant to the SMIv2, which is described in STD
   58, RFC 2578 [RFC2578], STD 58, RFC 2579 [RFC2579] and STD 58, RFC
   2580 [RFC2580].

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

2.  Overview

   In cases where a manager must obtain performance history data about
   the behavior of equipment it manages, several strategies can be
   followed in the design of a MIB module that represents the managed
   equipment, including:

   -  The agent counts events on a continuous basis and, whenever
      desired, the manager obtains the value of the event counter and
      adjusts its understanding of the history of events at the agent.

   -  The agent allocates events to 'buckets' where each bucket
      represents an interval of time.

   Telecommunications equipment often makes use of the latter strategy.
   For such equipment the standard practice is that history data is
   maintained by the agent in terms of 15-minute intervals [T1.231].

   MIB modules for collecting performance history based on 15-minute
   intervals have been defined for the DS1/E1 [RFC2495], DS3/E3
   [RFC2496], SONET/SDH [RFC3592], ADSL [RFC2662], HDLS2 and SHDSL
   [RFC3276] interface types.  These MIB modules use a common set of
   textual conventions defined in [RFC3593].  Those textual
   conventions are based on the Gauge32 data type.

   A need has arisen to define 64-bit versions of the textual
   conventions in [RFC3593].  Ideally, these high-capacity textual
   conventions would be based on a Gauge64 or Unsigned64 data type, but
   unfortunately no such types exist in SMIv2.  The next best choice
   would be to base them on the CounterBasedGauge64 textual convention
   presented in [RFC2856], but that is not possible either since SMIv2
   allows only base types to be used in defining textual conventions.
   Therefore, the textual conventions presented in this memo are based
   directly on the Counter64 type, like those in [RFC2856].  They are
   subject to the following limitations:

   -  The MAX-ACCESS of objects defined using these textual conventions
      must be read-only, because the MAX-ACCESS of the underlying
      Counter64 type is read-only.

   -  No sub-range can be specified in object definitions using these
      textual conventions, because sub-ranges are not allowed on
      Counter64 objects.

   -  No DEFVAL clause can be specified in object definitions using
      these textual conventions, because DEFVALs are not allowed on
      Counter64 objects.

   -  Objects defined using these textual conventions cannot be used
      in an INDEX clause, because there is no INDEX clause mapping
      defined for objects of type Counter64.

   Use of the textual conventions presented in this memo assumes the
   following:

   -  The agent supports 15 minute based history counters.

   -  The agent is capable of keeping a history of 96 intervals of 15
      minute performance data.

   -  The agent may optionally support performance data aggregating the
      history intervals.

   -  The agent will keep separate tables for the current interval, the
      history intervals, and the total aggregates.

3.  Definitions

    HC-PerfHist-TC-MIB DEFINITIONS ::= BEGIN

    IMPORTS
        MODULE-IDENTITY,
        Counter64,
        Unsigned32,
        Gauge32,
        mib-2                FROM SNMPv2-SMI
        TEXTUAL-CONVENTION   FROM SNMPv2-TC;

    hcPerfHistTCMIB MODULE-IDENTITY
       LAST-UPDATED "200309240000Z" "200311240000Z" -- September November 24, 2003
       ORGANIZATION "ADSLMIB Working Group"
       CONTACT-INFO "WG-email:  adslmib@ietf.org
            Info:      https://www1.ietf.org/mailman/listinfo/adslmib

            Chair:     Mike Sneed
                       Sand Channel Systems
            Postal:    P.O.  Box 37324
                       Raleigh NC 27627-7324
                       USA
            Email:     sneedmike@hotmail.com
            Phone:     +1 206 600 7022

            Co-editor: Bob Ray
                       PESA Switching Systems, Inc.
            Postal:    330-A Wynn Drive
                       Huntsville, AL 35805
                       USA
            Email:     rray@pesa.com
            Phone:     +1 256 726 9200 ext.  142

            Co-editor: Rajesh Abbi
                       Alcatel USA
            Postal:    2912 Wake Forest Road
                       Raleigh, NC 27609-7860
                       USA
            Email:     Rajesh.Abbi@alcatel.com
            Phone:     +1 919 850 6194
            "
        DESCRIPTION
            "This MIB Module provides Textual Conventions to be
             used by systems supporting 15 minute based performance
             history counts that require high-capacity counts.

             Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003).  This version
             of this MIB module is part of RFC XXXX: see the RFC
             itself for full legal notices."
-- RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with assigned number & remove this note
        REVISION "200309240000Z" "200311240000Z" -- September November 24, 2003
        DESCRIPTION "Initial version, published as RFC XXXX."
-- RFC Ed.: replace XXXX with assigned number & remove this note
        ::= { mib-2 YYYY }
-- RFC Ed.: replace YYYY with IANA-assigned number & remove this note

    HCPerfValidIntervals ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
        STATUS  current
        DESCRIPTION
           "The number of near end intervals for which data was
           collected.  The value of an object with an
           HCPerfValidIntervals syntax will be 96 unless the
           measurement was (re-)started within the last 1440 minutes,
           in which case the value will be the number of complete 15
           minute intervals for which the agent has at least some data.
           In certain cases (e.g., in the case where the agent is a
           proxy) it is possible that some intervals are unavailable.
           In this case, this interval is the maximum interval number
           for which data is available."
        SYNTAX   Gauge32   Integer32 (0..96)

    HCPerfInvalidIntervals ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
        STATUS  current
        DESCRIPTION
           "The number of near end intervals for which no data is
           available.  The value of an object with an
           HCPerfInvalidIntervals syntax will typically be zero except
           in cases where the data for some intervals are not available
           (e.g., in proxy situations)."
        SYNTAX   Gauge32   Integer32 (0..96)

    HCPerfTimeElapsed ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
        STATUS  current
        DESCRIPTION
           "The number of seconds that have elapsed since the beginning
           of the current measurement period.  If, for some reason,
           such as an adjustment in the system's time-of-day clock or
           the addition of a leap second, the duration of the current
           interval exceeds the maximum value, the agent will return
           the maximum value.

           For 15 minute intervals, the range is limited to (0..899).
           For 24 hour intervals, the range is limited to (0..86399)."
        SYNTAX   Gauge32   Integer32 (0..86399)

    HCPerfIntervalThreshold ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
        STATUS   current
        DESCRIPTION
            "This convention defines a range of values that may be set
            in a fault threshold alarm control.  As the number of
            seconds in a 15-minute interval numbers at most 900,
            objects of this type may have a range of 0...900, where the
            value of 0 disables the alarm."
        SYNTAX   Unsigned32 (0..900)

    HCPerfCurrentCount ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
        STATUS  current
        DESCRIPTION
            "A gauge associated with a performance measurement in a
             current 15 minute measurement interval.  The value of an
             object with an HCPerfCurrentCount syntax starts from zero
             and is increased when associated events occur, until the
             end of the 15 minute interval.  At that time the value of
             the gauge is stored in the first 15 minute history
             interval, and the gauge is restarted at zero.  In the case
             where the agent has no valid data available for the
             current interval, the corresponding object instance is not
             available and upon a retrieval request a corresponding
             error message shall be returned to indicate that this
             instance does not exist.

             This count represents a non-negative integer, which
             may increase or decrease, but shall never exceed 2^64-1
             (18446744073709551615 decimal), nor fall below 0.  The
             The value of an object with HCPerfCurrentCount syntax
             assumes its maximum value whenever the underlying count
             exceeds 2^64-1.  If the underlying count subsequently
             decreases below 2^64-1 (due, e.g., to a retroactive
             adjustment as a result of entering or exiting unavailable
             time), then the object's value also decreases.

             Note that this TC is not strictly supported in SMIv2,
             because the 'always increasing' and 'counter wrap'
             semantics associated with the Counter64 base type are not
             preserved.  It is possible that management applications
             which rely solely upon the (Counter64) ASN.1 tag to
             determine object semantics will mistakenly operate upon
             objects of this type as they would for Counter64 objects.

             This textual convention represents a limited and short-
             term solution, and may be deprecated as a long term
             solution is defined and deployed to replace it."
        SYNTAX  Counter64

    HCPerfIntervalCount ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
        STATUS  current
        DESCRIPTION
            "A gauge associated with a performance measurement in
             a previous 15 minute measurement interval.  In the case
             where the agent has no valid data available for a
             particular interval, the corresponding object instance is
             not available and upon a retrieval request a corresponding
             error message shall be returned to indicate that this
             instance does not exist.

             Let X be an object with HCPerfIntervalCount syntax.
             Let Y be an object with HCPerfCurrentCount syntax.
             Let Z be an object with HCPerfTotalCount syntax.
             Then, In a system supporting a history of n intervals with
             X(1) and X(n) the most and least recent intervals
             respectively, the following applies at the end of a 15
             minute interval:

                - discard the value of X(n)
                - the value of X(i) becomes that of X(i-1)
                  for n >= i > 1
                - the value of X(1) becomes that of Y.
                - the value of Z, if supported, is adjusted.

             This count represents a non-negative integer, which
             may increase or decrease, but shall never exceed 2^64-1
             (18446744073709551615 decimal), nor fall below 0.  The
             The value of an object with HCPerfIntervalCount syntax
             assumes its maximum value whenever the underlying count
             exceeds 2^64-1.  If the underlying count subsequently
             decreases below 2^64-1 (due, e.g., to a retroactive
             adjustment as a result of entering or exiting unavailable
             time), then the value of the object also decreases.

             Note that this TC is not strictly supported in SMIv2,
             because the 'always increasing' and 'counter wrap'
             semantics associated with the Counter64 base type are not
             preserved.  It is possible that management applications
             which rely solely upon the (Counter64) ASN.1 tag to
             determine object semantics will mistakenly operate upon
             objects of this type as they would for Counter64 objects.

             This textual convention represents a limited and short-
             term solution, and may be deprecated as a long term
             solution is defined and deployed to replace it."
        SYNTAX  Counter64

    HCPerfTotalCount ::= TEXTUAL-CONVENTION
        STATUS  current
        DESCRIPTION
            "A gauge representing the aggregate of previous valid 15
             minute measurement intervals.  Intervals for which no
             valid data was available are not counted.

             This count represents a non-negative integer, which
             may increase or decrease, but shall never exceed 2^64-1
             (18446744073709551615 decimal), nor fall below 0.  The
             The value of an object with HCPerfTotalCount syntax
             assumes its maximum value whenever the underlying count
             exceeds 2^64-1.  If the underlying count subsequently
             decreases below 2^64-1 (due, e.g., to a retroactive
             adjustment as a result of entering or exiting unavailable
             time), then the object's value also decreases.

             Note that this TC is not strictly supported in SMIv2,
             because the 'always increasing' and 'counter wrap'
             semantics associated with the Counter64 base type are not
             preserved.  It is possible that management applications
             which rely solely upon the (Counter64) ASN.1 tag to
             determine object semantics will mistakenly operate upon
             objects of this type as they would for Counter64 objects.

             This textual convention represents a limited and short-
             term solution, and may be deprecated as a long term
             solution is defined and deployed to replace it."
        SYNTAX  Counter64
    END

4. Intellectual Property

   The IETF takes no position regarding the validity or scope of any
   intellectual property or other rights that might be claimed to
   pertain to the implementation or use of the technology described in
   this document or the extent to which any license under such rights
   might or might not be available;  neither does it represent that it
   has made any effort to identify any such rights.  Information on the
   IETF's procedures with respect to rights in standards-track and
   standards-related documentation can be found in BCP-11.  Copies of
   claims of rights made available for publication and any assurances
   of licenses to be made available, or the result of an attempt made
   to obtain a general license or permission for the use of such
   proprietary rights by implementors or users of this specification
   can be obtained from the IETF Secretariat.

   The IETF invites any interested party to bring to its attention any
   copyrights, patents or patent applications, or other proprietary
   rights which may cover technology that may be required to practice
   this standard.  Please address the information to the IETF Executive
   Director.

5. Normative References

   [RFC2119] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
             Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC2578] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J.,
             Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Structure of Management
             Information Version 2 (SMIv2)", STD 58, RFC 2578, April
             1999.

   [RFC2579] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J.,
             Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Textual Conventions for
             SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2579, April 1999.

   [RFC2580] McCloghrie, K., Perkins, D., Schoenwaelder, J., Case, J.,
             Rose, M. and S. Waldbusser, "Conformance Statements for
             SMIv2", STD 58, RFC 2580, April 1999.

6. Informative References

   [RFC3410] Case, J., Mundy, R., Partain, D. and B. Stewart,
             "Introduction and Applicability Statements for Internet-
             Standard Management Framework", RFC 3410, December 2002.

   [T1.231]  American National Standard for Telecommunications -
             Digital Hierarchy - Layer 1 In-Service Digital
             Transmission Performance Monitoring, ANSI T1.231-1997,
             September 1997.

   [RFC2026] Bradner, S., "The Internet Standards Process -- Revision
             3", BCP 9, RFC 2026, October 1996.

   [RFC2495] Fowler, D., "Definitions of Managed Objects for the DS1,
             E1, DS2 and E2 Interface Types", RFC 2495, January 1999.

   [RFC2496] Fowler, D., "Definitions of Managed Objects for the
             DS3/E3 Interface Type", RFC 2496, January 1999.

   [RFC3592] Tesink, K., "Definitions of Managed Objects for the
             Synchronous Optical Network/Synchronous Digital
             Hierachy (SONET/SDH) Interface Type", RFC 3592,
             September
              November 2003.

   [RFC2662] Bathrick, G. and F. Ly, "Definitions of Managed Objects
             for the ADSL Lines",  RFC 2662, August 1999.

   [RFC2856] Bierman, A., McCloghrie, K.  and R.  Presuhn, "Textual
             Conventions for Additional High Capacity Data Types",
             RFC2856, June 2000.

   [RFC3276] Ray, B. and R. Abbi, "Definitions of Managed Objects
             for High Bit-rate DSL - 2nd Generation (HDSL2) and
             Single-Pair High-Speed Digital Subscriber Line (SHDSL)
             Lines", RFC3276, May 2002.

   [RFC3593] Tesink, K., "Textual Conventions for MIB Modules Using
             Performance History Based on 15 Minute Intervals", RFC
             3593, September  November 2003.

7. Security Considerations

   This module does not define any management objects.  Instead, it
   defines a set of textual conventions which may be used by other
   MIB modules to define management objects.

   Meaningful security considerations can only be written in the MIB
   modules that define management objects.  This document has
   therefore no impact on the security of the Internet.

8. Acknowledgements

   This document borrows tremendously from [RFC3593] and [RFC2856].
   As such, any credit for the text found within should be fully
   attributed to the authors of those documents.

9. Authors' Addresses

   Bob Ray
   PESA Switching Systems, Inc.
   330-A Wynn Drive
   Huntsville, AL 35805
   USA

   Phone: +1 256 726 9200 ext. 142
   Fax: +1 256 726 9271
   EMail: rray@pesa.com

   Rajesh Abbi
   Alcatel USA
   2912 Wake Forest Road
   Raleigh, NC 27609-7860
   USA

   Phone: +1 919 850 6194
   EMail: Rajesh.Abbi@alcatel.com

10. Full Copyright Statement

   Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2003).  All Rights Reserved.
   This document and translations of it may be copied and furnished to
   others, and derivative works that comment on or otherwise explain it
   or assist in its implementation may be prepared, copied, published
   and distributed, in whole or in part, without restriction of any
   kind, provided that the above copyright notice and this paragraph
   are included on all such copies and derivative works.  However, this
   document itself may not be modified in any way, such as by removing
   the copyright notice or references to the Internet Society or other
   Internet organizations, except as needed for the purpose of
   developing Internet standards in which case the procedures for
   copyrights defined in the Internet Standards process must be
   followed, or as required to translate it into languages other than
   English.

   The limited permissions granted above are perpetual and will not be
   revoked by the Internet Society or its successors or assigns.

   This document and the information contained herein is provided on an
   "AS IS" basis and THE INTERNET SOCIETY AND THE INTERNET ENGINEERING
   TASK FORCE DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING
   BUT NOT LIMITED TO ANY WARRANTY THAT THE USE OF THE INFORMATION
   HEREIN WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY RIGHTS OR ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
   MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.