GEOPRIV                                                        R. Bellis
Internet-Draft                                                Nominet UK
Updates: RFC 6155 (if approved)                       September                        February 13, 2012 2013
Intended status: Standards Track
Expires: March August 17, 2013

                    Flow Identity Extension for HELD
                  draft-ietf-geopriv-flow-identity-00
                  draft-ietf-geopriv-flow-identity-01

Abstract

   The GEOPRIV Working Group previously specified how to

   RFC 6155 specifies an extension for the HTTP-Enabled Location
   Delivery (HELD) Protocol allowing the use of an IP address and port
   number to request a Device location based on an individual packet
   flow.

   However

   However, certain kinds of NAT require that identifiers for both ends
   of the packet flow must be specified in order to unambiguously
   satisfy the location request.

   This document specifieds specifies an XML Schema and URN Sub-Namespace for a
   Flow Identity Extension for the HTTP-
   Enabled Location Delivery (HELD) Protocol HELD to support this requirement.

   This document updates RFC 6155 by deprecating the port number
   elements specified therein.

Status of this Memo

   This Internet-Draft is submitted in full conformance with the
   provisions of BCP 78 and BCP 79.

   Internet-Drafts are working documents of the Internet Engineering
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   This Internet-Draft will expire on March August 17, 2013.

Copyright Notice

   Copyright (c) 2012 2013 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the
   document authors.  All rights reserved.

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Table of Contents

   1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  3
   2.  Conventions used in this document  . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  4
   3.  Usage  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
   4.  XML Schema . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  6
   5.  IANA Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
     5.1.  URN Sub-Namespace Registration for
           urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow . . . . . . . . .  8
     5.2.  XML Schema Registration  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  8
   6.  Privacy Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  9
   7.  Security Considerations  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
   8.  Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
   9.  Notes to the RFC Editor (to be removed)  . . . . . . . . . . . 12
   10. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
     10.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
     10.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
   Author's Address . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

1.  Introduction

   Work at the Emergency Location Working Task Group of NICC Standards Ltd (the
   UK's telecoms industry standards body) prompted the addition of Port
   Number identifiers in HELD Identity [RFC6155] to allow HELD [RFC5985]
   requests for target Devices that are behind a NAT device.

   Subsequent analysis has determined that in the presence of particular
   types of NAT device, and in particular Carrier Grade NATs, it is
   necessary to know the complete tuple of (layer 3 protocol, layer 4
   protocol, source address, source port, destination address,
   destination port) in order to unambiguously identify a flow, and
   therefore the true target Device.

   This document creates specifies an XML Schema and URN Sub-Namespace for a
   Flow Identity Extension to support this requirement.

   Since the Location Recipient may not know in advance whether the
   Target is behind a NAT device the port number elements from Section
   3.3 of [RFC6155] are deprecated and MUST NOT be used.  This document
   provides a more generally applicable means of identifying a Device
   based on the parameters of a network flow of which it is an endpoint.

2.  Conventions used in this document

   The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
   "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
   document are to be interpreted as described in [RFC2119].

3.  Usage

   An example HELD request is show shown below:

   <locationRequest xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held"
                         responseTime="8">
     <locationType exact="true">geodetic</locationType>
     <flow xmlns="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow"
       layer4="tcp" layer3="ipv4">
       <src>
         <address>192.168.1.1</address>
         <port>1024</port>
       </src>
       <dst>
         <address>10.0.0.1</address>
         <port>80</port>
       </dst>
     </flow>
   </locationRequest>

   The <flow> element MUST contain:

   o  a "layer3" attribute with a value of "ipv4" or "ipv6".

   o  a "layer4" attribute with a value of "udp" [RFC0768], "tcp"
      [RFC0793], "sctp" [RFC4960], "dccp" [RFC4340], or a decimal
      integer representing any applicable protocol from the IANA
      Assigned Internet Protocol Numbers Registry.

   and MAY optionally contain:

   o  a "target" attribute with a value of "src" (default) or "dst" to
      indicate which end of the flow is the Target of the
      <locationRequest> with respect to the HELD protocol.

   Since the Location Recipient may not know in advance whether the
   Target is behind a NAT the port number elements from Section 3.3 of
   [RFC6155] are deprecated and SHOULD NOT be used.

4.  XML Schema

   <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
   <xs:schema targetNamespace="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow"
     xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
     xmlns:flow="urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow"
     elementFormDefault="qualified">

     <xs:annotation>
       <xs:appinfo
         source="urn:ietf:params:xml:schema:geopriv:held:flow">
         HELD Flow Identity</xs:appinfo>
       <xs:documentation
         source="http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfcNEW1.txt">
         This document defines Flow Identity elements for HELD.
       </xs:documentation>
     </xs:annotation>

     <xs:element name="flow" type="flow:flowIdentity"/>

     <xs:complexType name="flowIdentity">
       <xs:sequence>
         <xs:element name="src" type="flow:flowEndpoint"/>
         <xs:element name="dst" type="flow:flowEndpoint"/>
       </xs:sequence>
       <xs:attribute name="target" default="src">
         <xs:simpleType>
           <xs:restriction base="xs:token">
             <xs:pattern value="(src|dst)"/>
           </xs:restriction>
         </xs:simpleType>
       </xs:attribute>
       <xs:attribute name="layer3" use="required">
         <xs:simpleType>
           <xs:restriction base="xs:token">
             <xs:pattern value="(ipv4|ipv6)"/>
           </xs:restriction>
         </xs:simpleType>
       </xs:attribute>
       <xs:attribute name="layer4" use="required">
         <xs:simpleType>
           <xs:restriction base="xs:token">
             <xs:pattern value="(udp|tcp|sctp|dccp|\d+)"/>
           </xs:restriction>
         </xs:simpleType>
       </xs:attribute>
     </xs:complexType>
     <xs:complexType name="flowEndpoint">
       <xs:all>
         <xs:element name="address">
           <xs:simpleType>
             <xs:restriction base="xs:token"/>
           </xs:simpleType>
         </xs:element>
         <xs:element name="port">
           <xs:simpleType>
             <xs:restriction base="xs:unsignedShort">
               <xs:minInclusive value="1"/>
             </xs:restriction>
           </xs:simpleType>
         </xs:element>
       </xs:all>
     </xs:complexType>
   </xs:schema>

5.  IANA Considerations

5.1.  URN Sub-Namespace Registration for
      urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow

   This section registers a new XML namespace,
   "urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow", as per the guidelines in
   [RFC3688].

   URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow

   Registrant Contact: IETF GEOPRIV Working Group (geopriv@ietf.org),
   Ray Bellis (ray.bellis@nominet.org.uk)

   XML:

   BEGIN
     <?xml version="1.0"?>
     <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN"
       "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
     <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en">
       <head>
         <title>HELD Flow Identity Parameters</title>
       </head>
       <body>
         <h1>Namespace for HELD Flow Identity Parameters</h1>
         <h2>urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow</h2>
         <p>See <a href="http://www.rfc-editor.org/rfc/rfcNEW1.txt">
            RFC NEW1</a>.</p>
       </body>
     </html>
   END

5.2.  XML Schema Registration

   This section registers an XML schema as per the guidelines in
   [RFC3688]

   URI: urn:ietf:params:xml:ns:geopriv:held:flow

   Registrant Contact: IETF GEOPRIV Working Group (geopriv@ietf.org),
   Ray Bellis (ray.bellis@nominet.org.uk)

   Schema: The XML for this schema can be found as the entirety of
   Section 4 of this document.

6.  Privacy Considerations

   This document introduces no new privacy considerations beyond those
   in [RFC6155]

7.  Security Considerations

   This document introduces no new security considerations beyond those
   in [RFC6155]

8.  Acknowledgements

   The author wishes to thank the members of the NICC EmLoc Working Emergency Location
   Task Group, the IETF GeoPriv Working Group, and the authors of
   [RFC6155], from which the text for the URN and XML Schema
   Registrations were derived.

9.  Notes to the RFC Editor (to be removed)

   References to "NEW1" need to be replaced with this document's final
   RFC number.

10.  References

10.1.  Normative References

   [RFC2119]  Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate
              Requirement Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.

   [RFC3688]  Mealling, M., "The IETF XML Registry", BCP 81, RFC 3688,
              January 2004.

   [RFC5985]  Barnes, M., "HTTP-Enabled Location Delivery (HELD)",
              RFC 5985, September 2010.

   [RFC6155]  Winterbottom, J., Thomson, M., Tschofenig, H., and R.
              Barnes, "Use of Device Identity in HTTP-Enabled Location
              Delivery (HELD)", RFC 6155, March 2011.

10.2.  Informative References

   [RFC0768]  Postel, J., "User Datagram Protocol", STD 6, RFC 768,
              August 1980.

   [RFC0793]  Postel, J., "Transmission Control Protocol", STD 7,
              RFC 793, September 1981.

   [RFC4340]  Kohler, E., Handley, M., and S. Floyd, "Datagram
              Congestion Control Protocol (DCCP)", RFC 4340, March 2006.

   [RFC4960]  Stewart, R., "Stream Control Transmission Protocol",
              RFC 4960, September 2007.

Author's Address

   Ray Bellis
   Nominet UK
   Edmund Halley Road
   Oxford  OX4 4DQ
   United Kingdom

   Phone: +44 1865 332211
   Email: ray.bellis@nominet.org.uk
   URI:   http://www.nominet.org.uk/