draft-ietf-geopriv-location-types-registry-04.txt   draft-ietf-geopriv-location-types-registry-05.txt 
Geopriv H. Schulzrinne Geopriv H. Schulzrinne
Internet-Draft Columbia U. Internet-Draft Columbia U.
Expires: August 17, 2006 H. Tschofenig Expires: September 7, 2006 H. Tschofenig
Siemens Siemens
February 13, 2006 March 6, 2006
Location Types Registry Location Types Registry
draft-ietf-geopriv-location-types-registry-04.txt draft-ietf-geopriv-location-types-registry-05
Status of this Memo Status of this Memo
By submitting this Internet-Draft, each author represents that any By submitting this Internet-Draft, each author represents that any
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This Internet-Draft will expire on August 17, 2006. This Internet-Draft will expire on September 7, 2006.
Copyright Notice Copyright Notice
Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006). Copyright (C) The Internet Society (2006).
Abstract Abstract
This document creates a registry for describing the types of places a This document creates a registry for describing the types of places a
human or end system might be found. The registry is then referenced human or end system might be found. The registry is then referenced
by other protocols that need a common set of location terms as by other protocols that need a common set of location terms as
protocol constants. Examples of location terms defined in this protocol constants. Examples of location terms defined in this
document include aircraft, office and train station. document include aircraft, office and train station.
Table of Contents Table of Contents
1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2. Terminology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3. Location Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3. Location Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
4. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 4. IANA Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
5. Internationalization Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 5. Internationalization Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 6. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
7. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 7. Acknowledgements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
8. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 8. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
8.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 8.1 Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
8.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 8.2 Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Authors' Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements . . . . . . . . . . 18 Intellectual Property and Copyright Statements . . . . . . . . 15
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
This document creates a registry for location type tokens. We This document creates a registry for location type tokens. We
anticipate that the network, through configuration or management anticipate that the network, through configuration or management
protocols, tells a mobile device what kind of location it finds protocols, tells a mobile device what kind of location it finds
itself in. The device and associated software can then tailor its itself in. The device and associated software can then tailor its
behavior to the environment. For example, this document defines the behavior to the environment. For example, this document defines the
terms "classroom", "place-of-worship" and "theater". A considerate terms "classroom", "place-of-worship" and "theater". A considerate
owner of a cell phone might program the device to switch from ringer owner of a cell phone might program the device to switch from ringer
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single place or to restrict what combinations are allowed, given that single place or to restrict what combinations are allowed, given that
there are few combinations that are physically impossible. Common there are few combinations that are physically impossible. Common
sense is probably a better guide here; the authors would not want to sense is probably a better guide here; the authors would not want to
rule out creative business models such as combinations of "parking" rule out creative business models such as combinations of "parking"
and "restaurant" or "bar" and "hospital". The number of terms that and "restaurant" or "bar" and "hospital". The number of terms that
can be used within the same protocol element is left to the protocol can be used within the same protocol element is left to the protocol
description. description.
This document does not describe how the values of the registry are to This document does not describe how the values of the registry are to
be used, as this description is provided by other documents. For be used, as this description is provided by other documents. For
example, [3], describes a options for carrying civic address example, [4], describes a options for carrying civic address
information, including the place-type attributes listed in this information, including the place-type attributes listed in this
document, using the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCPv4 and document, using the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCPv4 and
DHCPv6). A usage for RADIUS is described in [4], where this DHCPv6). A usage for RADIUS is described in [5], where this
information is conveyed from the RADIUS client to the RADIUS server. information is conveyed from the RADIUS client to the RADIUS server.
Rich presence (RPID [5]) also utilizes the values of the location Rich presence (RPID [6]) also utilizes the values of the location
type registry. type registry.
2. Terminology 2. Terminology
The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT", The key words "MUST", "MUST NOT", "REQUIRED", "SHALL", "SHALL NOT",
"SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this "SHOULD", "SHOULD NOT", "RECOMMENDED", "MAY", and "OPTIONAL" in this
document are to be interpreted as described in [1]. document are to be interpreted as described in [1].
3. Location Types 3. Location Types
This section describes types of location where an entity is located. This section describes types of location where an entity is located.
The entity is not further specified and can be a person or an object The entity is not further specified and can be a person or an object
such as a network access point. such as a network access point or end system.
aircraft:
The entity is in a plane, helicopter or balloon.
airport:
The entity is located in an airport, heliport or similar location.
arena:
The entity is in an enclosed area used for sports events.
automobile:
The entity is in a self-propelled passenger vehicle. aircraft: A device that is used or intended to be used for flight in
the air, such as an airplane, helicopter, gyroplane, glider or
lighter-than-air devices like a balloon.
bank: airport: A place from which aircraft operate, such as an airport or
heliport.
The entity is in a business establishment in which money is kept arena: Enclosed area used for sports events.
for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for
loans, or exchanged.
bar: automobile: A usually four-wheeled automotive vehicle designed for
passenger transportation, such as a car.
The entity is in a bar or saloon. bank: Business establishment in which money is kept for saving or
commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or
exchanged.
bus: bar: A bar or saloon.
The entity is traveling in a public or charter bus. bus: A large motor vehicle designed to carry passengers.
bus-station: bicycle: A vehicle with two wheels tandem, a steering handle, a
saddle seat, and pedals by which it is propelled.
The entity is in a terminal that serves bus passengers; bus depot bus-station: Terminal that serves bus passengers, such as a bus depot
or bus terminal. or bus terminal.
cafe: cafe: Usually small and informal establishment serving various
refreshments (such as coffee); coffee shop.
The entity is in a cafe or coffeeshop.
classroom:
The person is in an academic classroom or lecture hall.
club:
The person is in a dance club or discotheque.
construction:
The entity is on a construction site.
convention-center:
The entity is in a convention center. classroom: Academic classroom or lecture hall.
cycle: club: Dance club, nightclub or discotheque.
The entity is riding a bicycle, motorcycle or similar vehicle. construction: Construction site.
government: convention-center: Convention center or exhibition hall.
The person is in a government building, such as those used by the government: Government building, such as those used by the
legislative, executive, or judicial branches of governments, legislative, executive, or judicial branches of governments,
including court houses, police stations and military including court houses, police stations and military
installations. installations.
hospital: hospital: Hospital, hospice, medical clinic, mental institution, or
doctor's office.
The entity is in a hospital, hospice, medical clinic, mental
institution, or doctor's office.
hotel:
The entity is in a hotel, motel, inn or other lodging
establishment.
industrial:
The entity is in an industrial setting, such as a manufacturing
floor or power plant.
library:
The entity is in a library or other public place in which literary
and artistic materials, such as books, music, periodicals,
newspapers, pamphlets, prints, records, and tapes, are kept for
reading, reference, or lending.
office:
The entity is in a business setting, such as an office. hotel: Hotel, motel, inn or other lodging establishment.
other: industrial: Industrial setting, such as a manufacturing floor or
power plant.
The entity is in a place without a registered place type library: Library or other public place in which literary and artistic
representation. materials, such as books, music, periodicals, newspapers,
pamphlets, prints, records, and tapes, are kept for reading,
reference, or lending.
outdoors: motorcycle: A two-wheeled automotive vehicle, including a scooter.
The entity is in a general outdoors area, such as a park or city office: Business setting, such as an office.
streets.
parking: other: A place without a registered place type representation.
The person is in a parking lot or parking garage. outdoors: Outside a building, in or into the open air, such as a park
or city streets.
place-of-worship: parking: A parking lot or parking garage.
The entity is at a religious rites where congregations gather for place-of-worship: A religious site where congregations gather for
religious observances, such as a church, chapel, meetinghouse, religious observances, such as a church, chapel, meetinghouse,
mosque, shrine, synagogue, or temple. mosque, shrine, synagogue, or temple.
prison: prison: Correctional institution where persons are confined while on
trial or for punishment, such as a prison, penitentiary, jail,
The person is in a prison, penitentiary, jail, brig, or criminal brig.
mental institution.
public:
The entity is in a public area such as a shopping mall, street,
park, public building, train station, airport or in public
conveyance such as a bus, train, plane or ship. This general
description encompasses the more precise descriptors 'street',
'public-transport', 'aircraft', 'bus', 'bus-station', 'train',
'train-station', 'airport', 'shopping-area', 'outdoors', and
'watercraft'.
public-transport:
The entity is using any form of public transport, including
aircraft, bus, train or ship.
residence: public: Public area such as a shopping mall, street, park, public
building, train station, airport or in public conveyance such as a
bus, train, plane or ship. This general description encompasses
the more precise descriptors 'street', 'public-transport',
'aircraft', 'bus', 'bus-station', 'train', 'train-station',
'airport', 'shopping-area', 'outdoors', and 'watercraft'.
The entity is in a private or residential setting, not necessarily public-transport: Any form of public transport, including aircraft,
the personal residence of the entity, e.g., including a friend's bus, train or ship.
home.
restaurant: residence: A private or residential setting, not necessarily the
personal residence of the entity, e.g., including a friend's home.
The entity is in a restaurant, coffee shop or other public dining restaurant: Restaurant, coffee shop or other public dining
establishment. establishment.
school: school: School or university property, but not necessarily a
The entity is in a school or university, but not necessarily in a
classroom or library. classroom or library.
shopping-area: shopping-area: Shopping mall or shopping area. This area is a large,
often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores,
The entity is frequenting a shopping mall or shopping area. This businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common
area is a large, often enclosed shopping complex containing passageways.
various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by
common passageways.
stadium:
The person is in a large, usually open structure for sports
events, including a racetrack.
store:
The person is located in a place where merchandise is offered for
sale; a shop.
street:
The entity is walking in a street.
theater:
The entity is in a theater, lecture hall, auditorium, class room,
movie theater or similar facility designed for presentations,
talks, plays, music performances and other events involving an
audience.
train: stadium: Large, usually open structure for sports events, including a
racetrack.
The entity is traveling in a train, monorail, maglev, cable car or store: Place where merchandise is offered for sale, such as a shop.
similar conveyance.
train-station: street: A public thoroughfare, such as a avenue, street, alley, lane,
road, including any sidewalks.
The person is in a terminal where trains load or unload passengers theater: Theater, lecture hall, auditorium, class room, movie theater
or goods; railway station, railroad station, railroad terminal, or similar facility designed for presentations, talks, plays,
train depot. music performances and other events involving an audience.
truck: train: Train, monorail, maglev, cable car or similar conveyance.
The entity is in a truck, used primarily to carry goods rather train-station: Terminal where trains load or unload passengers or
than people. goods; railway station, railroad station, railroad terminal, train
depot.
underway: truck: An automotive vehicle suitable for hauling, used primarily to
carry goods rather than people.
The person is in a land, water, or air craft which is underway (in underway: In a land, water, or air craft which is underway (in
motion). motion).
unknown: unknown: The type of place is unknown.
The type of place is unknown.
warehouse:
The person is in a place in which goods or merchandise are stored;
a storehouse or self-storage facility.
water:
The person is on water, such as an ocean, lake, river, canal or warehouse: Place in which goods or merchandise are stored, such as a
other waterway. storehouse or self-storage facility.
watercraft: water: In, on or above bodies of water, such as an ocean, lake,
river, canal or other waterway.
The person is traveling in a boat or ship. watercraft: On a vessel for travel on water such as a boat or ship.
4. IANA Considerations 4. IANA Considerations
This document creates new IANA registries for location types as This document creates new IANA registries for location types as
listed in Section 3 starting with 'aircraft' and finishing with listed in Section 3 starting with 'aircraft' and finishing with
'watercraft'. 'watercraft'.
Following the policies outline in RFC 2434 [2], new tokens are Following the policies outline in RFC 2434 [2], new tokens are
assigned after Expert Review by the IETF GEOPRIV working group or its assigned after Expert Review by the IETF GEOPRIV working group or its
designated successor. The same procedure applies to updates of designated successor. The same procedure applies to updates of
tokens within the registry and to deleting tokens from the registry. tokens within the registry and to deleting tokens from the registry.
There are no restrictions regarding the update of location-type There are no restrictions regarding the update of location-type
values in the registry. values in the registry.
The expert review should be guided by a few common-sense The expert review should be guided by a few common-sense
considerations. For example, tokens should not be specific to a considerations. For example, tokens should not be specific to a
country, region, organization or company, should be well-defined and country, region, organization or company, should be well-defined and
should be widely recognized. should be widely recognized.
To ensure widespread usability across protocols, tokens should follow To ensure widespread usability across protocols, tokens MUST follow
the character set restrictions for XML Names. the character set restrictions for XML Names [3].
Each registration must include the name of the token and a brief Each registration must include the name of the token and a brief
description similar to the ones offered in for the initial description similar to the ones offered in for the initial
registrations contained this document: registrations contained this document:
Token Identifier: Token Identifier: Identifier of the token.
Identifier of the token
Description:
Brief description indicating the meaning of the token. Description: Brief description indicating the meaning of the token,
including one or more examples where the term encompasses several
more precise terms.
Note that the usage of these tokens is not limited to XML and the Note that the usage of these tokens is not limited to XML and the
'Token Identifier' is the XML element content and not the XML element 'Token Identifier' is the XML element content and not the XML element
name. name.
5. Internationalization Considerations 5. Internationalization Considerations
The location-type values listed in this document MUST NOT be The location-type values listed in this document MUST NOT be
presented to the user. The values therefore have the characteristic presented to the user. The values therefore have the characteristic
of tokens/tags and no internationalization support is required. of tokens or tags and no internationalization support is required.
6. Security Considerations 6. Security Considerations
This document defines a registry for location types and as such does This document defines a registry for location types and as such does
not raise security issues. not raise security issues.
7. Acknowledgements 7. Acknowledgements
We would like to thank V. Gurbani, P. Kyzivat and J. Rosenberg for We would like to thank V. Gurbani, P. Kyzivat and J. Rosenberg for
their work on RPID [5] which lead to the location types listed in their work on RPID [6] which lead to the location types listed in
this document. Many thanks to Allison Mankin for her guidance. Rick this document. Many thanks to Allison Mankin for her guidance. Rick
Jones pointed us to the Global Justice XML work (see Jones pointed us to the Global Justice XML work (see
http://it.ojp.gov/jxdm/) that helped us to add more values to the http://it.ojp.gov/jxdm/) that helped us to add more values to the
location registry. location registry.
During the IETF last call, Harald Tveit Alvestrand, Frank Ellermann During the IETF last call, Harald Tveit Alvestrand, Frank Ellermann
and Sam Hartman provided useful feedback. and Sam Hartman provided useful feedback. David Kessens helped to
tighten up many of the defintions.
Some of the definitions are derived from the Merriam-Webster Online
Dictionary.
8. References 8. References
8.1. Normative References 8.1 Normative References
[1] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement [1] Bradner, S., "Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement
Levels", March 1997. Levels", BCP 14, RFC 2119, March 1997.
[2] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an IANA [2] Narten, T. and H. Alvestrand, "Guidelines for Writing an IANA
Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 2434, October 1998. Considerations Section in RFCs", BCP 26, RFC 2434, October 1998.
8.2. Informative References [3] Yergeau, F., Paoli, J., Sperberg-McQueen, C., Bray, T., and E.
Maler, "Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Third Edition)",
W3C REC REC-xml-20040204, February 2004.
[3] Schulzrinne, H., "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCPv4 8.2 Informative References
[4] Schulzrinne, H., "Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCPv4
and DHCPv6) Option for Civic Addresses Configuration and DHCPv6) Option for Civic Addresses Configuration
Information", draft-ietf-geopriv-dhcp-civil-09 (work in Information", draft-ietf-geopriv-dhcp-civil-09 (work in
progress), January 2006. progress), January 2006.
[4] Tschofenig, H., "Carrying Location Objects in RADIUS", [5] Tschofenig, H., "Carrying Location Objects in RADIUS",
draft-ietf-geopriv-radius-lo-04 (work in progress), July 2005. draft-ietf-geopriv-radius-lo-05 (work in progress),
February 2006.
[5] Schulzrinne, H., "RPID: Rich Presence Extensions to the Presence [6] Schulzrinne, H., "RPID: Rich Presence Extensions to the Presence
Information Data Format (PIDF)", draft-ietf-simple-rpid-10 Information Data Format (PIDF)", draft-ietf-simple-rpid-10
(work in progress), December 2005. (work in progress), December 2005.
Authors' Addresses Authors' Addresses
Henning Schulzrinne Henning Schulzrinne
Columbia University Columbia University
Department of Computer Science Department of Computer Science
450 Computer Science Building 450 Computer Science Building
New York, NY 10027 New York, NY 10027
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