draft-ietf-harts-guide-00.txt   draft-ietf-harts-guide-01.txt 
INTERNET-DRAFT S. Stoner INTERNET-DRAFT S. Stoner
HARTS Working Group ArtsEdge HARTS Working Group ArtsEdge
Catagory: Informational J. Max Category: Informational J. Max
Rainfarm Rainfarm
November 1996 Expires September 1997
Humanities and Arts: Sharing Center Stage on the Internet Humanities and Arts: Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
[draft-ietf-harts-guide-01.txt]
Status of this Memo Status of this Memo
This draft, file name draft-ietf-harts-guide-00.txt is Distribution of this document is unlimited. Please send all input,
intended to become and information FYI RFC. Distribution of this information, and comments to harts@isi.edu.
document is unlimited. Please send information and comments to
harts@isi.edu.
This document is an Internet-Draft. Internet-Drafts are working This document is an Internet-Draft. Internet-Drafts are working
documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas, documents of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), its areas,
and its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute and its working groups. Note that other groups may also distribute
working documents as Internet-Drafts. working documents as Internet-Drafts.
Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six months Internet-Drafts are draft documents valid for a maximum of six
and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents at any months and may be updated, replaced, or obsoleted by other documents
time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference at any time. It is inappropriate to use Internet-Drafts as reference
material or to cite them other than as "work in progress." material or to cite them other than as "work in progress."
To learn to current status of any Internet-Draft, please check the To learn to current status of any Internet-Draft, please check the
"1id-abstracts.txt" listing contained in the Internet-Drafts Shadow "1id-abstracts.txt" listing contained in the Internet-Drafts Shadow
Directories on ftp.is.co.za (Africa), nic.nordu.net (Europe), Directories on ftp.is.co.za (Africa), nic.nordu.net (Europe),
munnari.oz.au (Pacific Rim), ds.internic.net (US East Coast), or munnari.oz.au (Pacific Rim), ds.internic.net (US East Coast), or
ftp.isi.edu (US West Coast). ftp.isi.edu (US West Coast).
This memo provides information for the Internet, Humanities, and This memo provides information for the Internet, Humanities, and
Arts communities. This memo does not specify an Internet standard Arts communities. This memo does not specify an Internet standard of
of any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited. any kind. Distribution of this memo is unlimited.
Abstract Abstract
This document is designed primarily for individuals who have This document is designed primarily for individuals who have
limited knowledge of or experience with the Internet. limited knowledge of, or experience with, the Internet.
The purpose of this document is to provide members of the arts and The purpose of this document is to provide members of the arts and
humanities communities with an introduction to the Internet as a humanities communities with an introduction to the Internet as a
valuable tool, resource, and medium for the creation, presentation, valuable tool, resource, and medium for the creation, presentation,
and preservation of arts and humanities-based content. and preservation of arts and humanities-based content.
The intended audience is practicing artists, scholars, related The intended audience is practicing artists, scholars, related
professionals, and others who's knowledge, expertise and support is professionals, and others who's knowledge, expertise and support is
important to ensuring the arts and humanities are well-placed in the important to ensuring the arts and humanities are well-placed in the
global information infrastructure. global information infrastructure.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
For purposes of simplicity this document will use the word "Artist" For purposes of simplicity this document will use the word "Artist"
to mean both Artist and Humanist: "all practitioners who work in to mean both Artist and Humanist: "all practitioners who work in the
the fields of the visual, performance, and literary arts, as well as fields of the visual, performance, and literary arts, as well as
museum curators, librarians, and others who are involved in the museum curators, librarians, and others who are involved in the
research, restoration, and presentation of that which comprises our research, restoration, and presentation of that which comprises our
cultural heritage." (See Section 1.1 for further definitions of cultural heritage." (See Section 1.1 for further definitions of Arts
Arts and Humanitites.) and Humanitites.)
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
Table of Contents Table of Contents
i. Conventions for this Draft.................................. i. Conventions for this Draft.................................. 3
1. Introduction................................................ 1. Introduction................................................ 4
1.1 Definition of Arts and Humanities........................... 1.1 Definition of Arts and Humanities........................... 4
1.2 What is the Internet........................................ 1.2 What is the Internet........................................ 4
1.3 What is the World Wide Web.................................. 1.3 What is the World Wide Web.................................. 5
2. What does the Internet mean to the "Artist?"................ 2. What does the Internet mean to the "Artist?"................ 7
2.1 Access to the Global Community: 2.1 Access to the Global Community:
Museums, libraries, newspapers, periodicals, stores......... Museums, libraries, newspapers, periodicals, stores......... 8
2.2 Discovering the work of others.............................. 2.2 Discovering the work of others.............................. 8
2.3 Freely Available software, and other information............ 2.3 Freely Available software, and other information............ 9
2.4 Sharing and Collaborating................................... 2.4 Sharing and Collaborating................................... 9
2.5 Communicating about the arts................................ 2.5 Communicating about the arts................................ 10
2.6 Sharing your work with others............................... 2.6 Sharing your work with others............................... 10
3. Electronic Forums........................................... 3. Forums...................................................... 11
3.1 Message Based Communications................................ 3.1 Message Based Communications................................ 11
3.1.1 Electronic mail (email)..................................... 3.1.1 Electronic mail (email)..................................... 11
3.1.2 Mailing list server (listserv).............................. 3.1.2 Mailing list server (listserv).............................. 12
3.1.3 Newsgroups.................................................. 3.1.3 Newsgroups.................................................. 12
3.1.4 Electronic Bulletin Board System (BBS) ..................... 3.1.4 Electronic Bulletin Board System (BBS) ..................... 13
3.2 Real-Time Communications.................................... 3.2 Real-Time Communications.................................... 13
3.2.1 IRC - Internet Relay Chat................................... 3.2.1 Internet Relay Chat (IRC)................................... 13
3.2.2 MUD - Multi-User Dungeon.................................... 3.2.2 Multi-User Dungeon (MUD).................................... 14
3.2.3 Audio/Video Conferencing.................................... 3.2.3 Audio/Video Conferencing.................................... 14
3.2.4 Whiteboard Systems.......................................... 3.2.4 Whiteboard Systems.......................................... 14
3.3 Archived Forums............................................. 3.3 Archives.................................................... 14
3.3.1 Indexing vs Searching....................................... 3.3.1 Searching................................................... 15
3.3.2 Compound Searches........................................... 3.3.2 Compound Searches........................................... 16
4. Accessing the Internet...................................... 4. Accessing the Internet...................................... 17
4.1 Getting Started............................................. 4.1 Getting Started............................................. 18
4.2 Internet Service Providers.................................. 4.2 Internet Service Providers.................................. 20
4.3 Computer Software and Hardware Tools........................ 4.3 Computer Software and Hardware Tools........................ 21
4.4 Scanners, recorders, encoders/decoders, multimedia.......... 4.4 Scanners, recorders, encoders/decoders, multimedia.......... 22
5. Creating Content............................................ INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
5.1 When you need assistance: Consultants, Web Page Designers,
Providers, etc. ............................................
5.2 Basic Design Issues: Understanding Formats..................
5.3 Text and Hypertext..........................................
5.4 Graphic and Moving Images...................................
5.5 Music and Sound.............................................
5.6 Publicizing your Work.......................................
6. Issues and Challenges....................................... 5. Creating Content............................................ 23
6.1 Security and Viruses........................................ 5.1 Getting Help................................................ 23
6.2 Copyright: Laws in Flux..................................... 5.2 Basic Design Issues: Understanding Formats.................. 24
6.3 Marketing, Doing Business................................... 5.3 Text and Hypertext.......................................... 24
6.4 Netiquette.................................................. 5.4 Graphic and Moving Images................................... 24
5.5 Music and Sound............................................. 24
5.6 Content Design Issues....................................... 26
5.7 Publicizing your Work....................................... 26
7. Glossary - pointer to userglos, trainmat, etc............... 6. Issues and Challenges....................................... 26
6.1 Security Issues............................................. 27
6.2 Viruses..................................................... 27
6.3 Rights...................................................... 27
6.4 Conducting Business over the Internet....................... 28
6.5 Netiquette.................................................. 28
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet 7. Glossary.................................................... 28
8. Resources................................................... 8. Resources................................................... 28
8.1 RFCs........................................................ 8.1 RFCs........................................................ 29
8.1.1 Using RFC-INFO@ISI.EDU to retrieve RFCs..................... 8.1.1 Using RFC-INFO@ISI.EDU to retrieve RFCs..................... 29
9. References.................................................. 9. References.................................................. 29
10. Security Considerations..................................... 10. Security Considerations..................................... 30
11. Acknowledgements............................................ 11. Acknowledgments............................................. 32
12. Authors' Address............................................ 12. Authors' Address............................................ 32
Appendix A. Examples/Projects on the Internet of Interest to the Appendix A. Examples/Projects on the Internet of Interest to the
Arts and Humanities Communities Arts and Humanities Communities
Appendix B. Some other URL's of interest Appendix B. Some other URL's of interest
Appendix C. Examples for using the RFC server RFC-INFO@ISI.EDU Appendix C. Examples for using the RFC server RFC-INFO@ISI.EDU
i. Conventions and Notes in the November 1996 Draft. i. Conventions and Notes in the March 1997 Draft.
We have agreed that testimonial sections are essential, so we need We have agreed that testimonial sections are essential, so we need
Everyone to begin collecting quotes and experiences for each chapter. everyone to begin collecting quotes and experiences for each section.
Also every section should have many pointers to more information. Also every section should have many pointers to more information.
Any and all input, suggestions, and submissions graciously accepted. Any and all input, suggestions, and submissions graciously accepted.
This draft includes the following notation: This draft includes the following notation to aid completion:
- At the sign of two asterisks(**) are important notes and questions.
- At the sign of two asterisks (**) are important notes and
questions.
- At the sign of two plus signs(++) information is needed. Where - At the sign of two plus signs(++) information is needed. Where
known a contributor is mentioned by name, otherwise, please known a contributor is mentioned by name, otherwise, please
volunteer! volunteer!
- At the sign of two question marks(??) we need to decide what - At the sign of two question marks(??) we need to decide what
goes there. goes there.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
1. Introduction 1. Introduction
This document has been structured to provide information about, This document has been structured to provide information about,
and examples of, the wide range of functions and capabilities and examples of, the wide range of functions and capabilities
inherent to online services. It will also show the potential of inherent to online services. It will also show the potential of
networking technologies for enhancing arts and humanities content networking technologies for enhancing Arts and Humanities content and
and interests. interests.
The basic functions of the Internet are described, along with The basic functions of the Internet are described, along with
their application for building online communities of interest their application for building online communities of interest
(including the arts and humanities). (including the Arts and Humanities).
This is followed by discussion and examples of how arts and This is followed by discussion and examples of how Arts and
humanities content can be represented, stored, and retrieved on Humanities content can be represented, stored, and retrieved on the
the Internet. Internet.
Also provided are examples of hardware and software being used, Also provided are examples of hardware and software being used,
and in development, to support the creation and presentation of new and in development, to support the creation and presentation of new
artistic and literary works. artistic and literary works.
In addition to illustrating the great potential of the Internet, In addition to illustrating the great potential of the Internet,
this document aspires to provide an introduction to the issues and this document aspires to provide an introduction to the issues and
challenges that affect the development and presentation of arts and challenges that affect the development and presentation of arts and
humanities content online. humanities content online.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet Finally, some tools and resources have been provided to assist
both novice and experienced users in benefiting from, and
Finally, some tools and resources have been provided to assist both contributing to the global online arts and humanities community.
novice and experienced users in benefiting from, and contributing
to the global online arts and humanities community.
1.1 Definitions of Arts and Humanities 1.1 Definitions of Arts and Humanities
For purposes of this document the term "Arts" includes, but is not For purposes of this document the term "Arts" includes, but is not
limited to, dance, design arts, folk arts, literary arts, media limited to, dance, design arts, folk arts, literary arts, media and
and film arts, music, theater, and visual arts. film arts, music, theater, and visual arts.
The term "Humanities" includes, but is not limited to, the study The term "Humanities" includes, but is not limited to, the study
of the following: language, both modern and classical; linguistics; of the following: language, both modern and classical; linguistics;
literature; history; jurisprudence philosophy; archaeology; literature; history; jurisprudence philosophy; archaeology;
comparative religion; ethics; the history, criticism and theory of comparative religion; ethics; the history, criticism and theory of
the arts; those aspects of social sciences which have humanistic the arts; those aspects of social sciences which have humanistic
content and employ humanistic methods; and the study and application content and employ humanistic methods; and the study and application
of the humanities to the human environment. of the humanities to the human environment.
1.2 What is the Internet? 1.2 What is the Internet?
As new users, the first question that probably comes to mind is: As new users, the first question that probably comes to mind is:
"What is the Internet?" The answer is: "People, computers and "What is the Internet?" The answer is: "People, computers and
information electronically linked around the world by a common information electronically linked around the world by a common
Protocol for communicating with each other." Protocol for communicating with each other."
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
The beginnings come from the US Department of Defense's desire to The beginnings come from the US Department of Defense's desire to
transport government and military information during the time of a transport government and military information during the time of a
"nuclear event". Thus the Advanced Research Projects Agency was "nuclear event". Thus the Advanced Research Projects Agency was
formed, which created ARPANET. From this, over the next 26 years formed, which created ARPANET. From this, over the next 26 years or
or so, grew the network known as "The Internet", now dubbed the so, grew the network known as "The Internet", now dubbed the
"Information Superhighway". There are several million computers "Information Superhighway". There are several million computers
connected and over 40 million users. connected and over 40 million users.
The common language or "Communication Protocol" which these The common language or "Communication Protocol" which these
computers on the Internet speak, is the Internet Protocol, or IP. computers on the Internet speak, is the Internet Protocol, or IP.
This is the underlying layer which allows transmission of diverse This is the underlying layer which allows transmission of diverse
data, information, text, pictures, sound, etc. to be passed between data, information, text, pictures, sound, etc. to be passed between
otherwise incompatible machines. otherwise incompatible machines.
The Internet should not be confused with the World Wide Web, which The Internet should not be confused with America OnLine (AOL),
is a subset of computer sites which support the HyperText Transfer CompuServe, Prodigy, and other type service providers, which may use
Protocol (See 1.3), or America OnLine (AOL), Compuserve, Prodigy, their own, often proprietary, protocols and are sites unto themselves
and other Service Providers, which use their own protocols and are but may have connections to the Internet. The Internet should also
sites unto themselves but have connections to the Internet. not be confused with the World Wide Web which is the topic of the
next section.
1.3 What is the World Wide Web? 1.3 What is the World Wide Web?
++ Sheer volunteered to compose a few paragraphs: The World Wide Web, often called, "The Web" is a vast multimedia
++ WWW - What is the WWW (brief), approx # of sites, content, document distributed among a large number of the computers on the
++ resources, w3 consortium, pointers to more info... internet. This document is in a format called HyperText which allows
++ html/ Hypertext content,It is important that we define http, HTML information in the web to be linked by words or pictures viewed on
++ and URL here! see also: chapter 4 for URL definition. the computer.
The Web is broken up into a large set of pages (Web Pages) of
information connected by HyperText "Links" which let you click on a
highlighted word or picture to call up a page of related information.
This is what differentiates HyperText from "normal" text. In
"normal" text, each sentence or idea is connected in a single
sequence or "train of thought", from beginning to end. In HyperText
however, the flow of ideas branches out, so that each idea may be
connected to many different "trains of thought" that jump from link
to link. This allows you to read HyperText documents, in a way more
naturally resembling human thought.
There is no central hierarchy that organizes the Web. Instead, the
information is distributed among many "Web Sites" created and used by
the many people involved. A Web Site is much like a magazine in that
it has a Front Page, called the Home Page, and may have many other
pages of related information that can be connected in whatever way
the author wishes.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
For example, you could create a "Cool Music" Web Page and place it on
a Web Server, which can be any computer somewhere on the internet
running software to provide access to the resident Web Pages. Anyone
on the internet could then use a piece of software called a Web
Browser to ask the Web Server to look at your Home Page.
This Home Page could be a striking artwork featuring a list of your
favorite albums and a few labeled buttons. While your music plays
from their speakers they choose to click on any album that catches
their eye, or go to lists of information sorted by Artist, Label, or
Genre. Once they get to the page for any particular album, they
would see the artwork, a song list, and many other links to follow.
Clicking on a song could pull up the song lyrics, or perhaps even
download parts of the song. Or they could follow a link from your
page to the HomePage of the artist's record company, or to magazines
that have interviewed the band. If the information is out there,
your page could link to it.
Web pages are written in a format called HTML, the HyperText Markup
Language. This is a protocol for putting special symbols into a text
document that specify links to other pages, fonts to use, images to
load, and many other things. It is simple enough that most people
can learn to use it, but rich enough in possibility that there will
always be a thriving community of people making web pages for others.
In order to download information from distant places in the internet,
your computer will be using a protocol called HTTP, the HyperText
Transfer Protocol. HTTP was designed to allow web browser software
to connect to web server software on another machine and request the
transmission of a web page in the form of an HTML document and any
associated images, audio, video, etc.
Since any part of a page can link to any accessible data on the
Internet, each link must include a reference to exactly where on the
internet the information is. This is the job of the Uniform Resource
Locator, URL. The URL is very much like your home address. When you
tell someone your "address", you give your postal code,
country, state, town/city, street, building, and your name.
A URL is a machine readable (and hence somewhat cryptic) text string
which tells both people and machines where to find the information.
It contains the name, directory, machine, host address, and the
protocol for accessing that information. URLs usually take the form
"http://www.something.com", where www.something.com is the host site,
and http: is the protocol used to access it. The first page most
sites want you to see is their main home page, so you don't always
need to add the name information. Also, since http is the primary
protocol of the web, many browsers now assume it, and you will likely
only need to know the protocol being used if its different from http.
(See also Section 3 - Forums)
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
You can start browsing by entering a URL into your web browser, and
it will reach across the internet to download the appropriate web
page. If you then select a link, your browser will read the URL
built into the page itself, and use it to find and access the
appropriate information.
At last check there were hundreds of thousands of web sites, home
pages, and hosts on the Web. The contents of those sites are almost
as varied. Some pages are personal pages containing photos of family
members, lists of hobbies, or the sharing of collections such as song
lyrics. Some pages are strictly business, selling everything from
abalone to zymoscopes. (If you're interested in doing business over
the Web, please read Sections 6 and 10 on Security.) Still other
pages provide services such as information searches, and weather
reports.
2. What does the Internet mean to the Artist? 2. What does the Internet mean to the Artist?
The invention and evolution (or more aptly, revolution) of the The internet is exerting a profound influence on our society. Human
Internet exemplifies a synergy between the arts and sciences that culture is based on communication, and the widespread availability of
may be a critical factor in preserving our global cultural heritage information and the thought-like constructions of HyperText are the
for future generations. most powerful new ideas in communication since the invention of
writing. A glance back at history will easily show how written
language has shaped our societies. These results are only a
foreshadowing of the things to come.
Once an environment of technical information and databases used Even now in its infancy, the effects of the internet can be easily
primarily by scientists and engineers, cyberspace has emerged as part seen in popular media as well as in the way we do business. But the
of a "global village" that has already demonstrated a profound impact most dramatic influences are in the children who are now growing up
on contemporary culture. with the net. Many parents are aware of the influence television has
over their children. Eventually the net may become a superset of all
TV, but with added power to inform as well as entertain. If we raise
the internet right, it will return the favor by nurturing a
generation that may well grow up wiser than ourselves.
And so we have a great responsibility to make sure that the best
parts of human culture are represented on the internet. Because the
net is still primarily created and run by Scientists and Engineers
who are creatures of mind, it is the heart and soul of the internet
that needs help. Artists are the heart and soul of human culture,
and must bring the fruits of their efforts to the net to give the net
culture (and future generations) their essence of humanity.
And if that doesn't convince you, we will also show that there are
many ways in which artists may exploit the net for their own personal
gain. As the online culture becomes a more balanced representation
of humanity, the net will become an essential tool for collaboration,
communication, and distribution of art. The day is coming where
those who are not on the net will be greatly handicapped in the
expression and distribution of their art.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
A great many visual and performing arts institutions and A great many visual and performing arts institutions and
organizations have established sites on the World Wide Web and a organizations have now established sites on the World Wide Web and a
significant number of online discussion groups focus on the arts and significant number of online discussion groups focus on the arts and
humanities. Consortiums of museums and libraries are now using humanities. Consortiums of museums and libraries are now using
networking technologies to support research and projects involving networking technologies to support research and projects involving
more effective ways to collect, store, and disseminate objects of more effective ways to collect, store, and disseminate objects of
antiquity and other non-textual primary sources, as well as antiquity and other non-textual primary sources, as well as textual
textual sources. sources.
Thousands of sites are also created by individuals and for Thousands of sites are also created by individuals and for
institutions, organizations, and businesses that, on the whole, institutions, organizations, and businesses for reasons ranging from
promise to profoundly influence the way we perceive ourselves and commerce to simple self expression. The net is the new frontier for
the world in which we live, whether in the past, present, or future. the growth of humanity. Can you afford not to be involved?
The Internet visitor can expect to find sites that offer sensory
appeal and stimulation via multi-media applications, as well as
interactive opportunities to share ideas and information with
others. The arts and humanities are key stakeholders in this
cultural transition. ^^^^^^^^^^^^
++ need more here - stakeholders: Why? How?
2.1 Access to the Global Community 2.1 Access to the Global Community
Access to art is no longer constrained by vicinity. Hang out your Access to art is no longer constrained by vicinity. Hang out your
electronic shingle and just imagine who might drop in. The electronic shingle and just imagine who might drop in. The Internet
Internet connects hundreds of countries, thousands of cities, and connects hundreds of countries, thousands of cities, and countless
countless groups and individuals around the globe. The Internet groups and individuals around the globe. People all around the world
explorer will find that more and more sites are multilingual. will be looking for what they want on the net, and if you have what
they want, then through the magic of the net, you are their next door
neighbor.
The Internet explorer will find that more and more sites are becoming
multilingual. The Internet provides a forum in which diverse
cultures can merge, and allows the explorer to visit faraway places
from the privacy and safety of their own computer.
2.2 Discovering the work of others 2.2 Discovering the work of others
Once you have the basic tools for using the Internet (See Chapter 4) Once you have the basic tools for using the Internet (See Section
you will begin to understand how easy, helpful, informative, and 4) you will begin to understand how easy, helpful, informative, and
exciting it can be. With a few quick strokes you have accessed a exciting it can be. With a few quick strokes you have accessed a
great library, museum, or gallery, toured a faraway city, or looked great library, museum, or gallery, toured a faraway city, or looked
up an old friend. You might find an out of print book you have up an old friend. You might find an out of print book you have
always wanted, then either read it on your computer screen, or print always wanted, then either read it on your computer screen, or print
it out on your printer. If you do not have a printer, simply save it out on your printer. If you do not have a printer, simply save it
it to your floppy disk and bring that to a shop or friend with a to your floppy disk and bring that to a shop or friend with a
printer. Its really that easy. printer. Its really that easy.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
You could spend the afternoon at the Smithsonian, or the Louvre You could spend the afternoon at the Smithsonian, or the Louvre
without ever leaving your chair. Or, for a more athletic without ever leaving your chair. For a more athletic adventure, you
adventure, put your computer in front of your treadmill, and jog could put your computer in front of your treadmill, and jog through
through the online Olympics site. the online Olympics site.
When you are ready, you can explore deeper. Follow other links to When you are ready, you can explore deeper. Follow other links to
smaller sites, lesser known writers, artists, poets, and thinkers, smaller sites, lesser known writers, artists, poets, and thinkers,
and discover the emerging world they are creating. With the proper and discover the emerging world they are creating. With the proper
tools you can even view moving pictures, and listen to music and tools you can even view moving pictures, and listen to music and
other audio. other audio.
With access to the Internet, the world is at your fingertips. INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
Even more than art, literature, and humour, online is information.
Bring your questions on health, the environment, government, and
religion, and look though volumes of documentation on your concerns,
or discuss your questions with others electronically. Once you get
used to it, you will even be downloading more information and tools
to assist you further.
Examples of sites to explore, and good starting points can be With access to the Internet, the world is at your fingertips. Even
found in Appendices A and B. more than art, literature, and humor, online is information. Bring
your questions on health, the environment, government, and religion,
and look though volumes of documentation on your concerns, or discuss
your questions with others electronically. Once you get used to it,
you will even be downloading more information and tools to assist you
further.
Examples of sites to explore, and good starting points can be found
in Appendices A and B.
2.3 Access to Freely Available Software, and Other Information 2.3 Access to Freely Available Software, and Other Information
There is a world of useful software available to you via the There is a world of useful software available to you via the
Internet. Known as Shareware, Public Domain, or Freely Copyable, Internet. Known as Shareware, Public Domain, or Freely Copyable, you
you can find many software programs you may download and use on can find many software programs you may download and use on your own
your own machine, often completely free, occasionally for a machine, often completely free, occasionally for a small and/or
small and/or optional fee which helps the author to afford to optional fee which helps the author to afford to create more software
create more software for general use. There are also libraries, for general use. There are also libraries, stores, and news groups
stores, and news groups you can peruse in search of just the tool you can peruse in search of just the tool or information you want.
or information you want.
As you explore the Internet, you will begin to find information As you explore the Internet, you will begin to find information that
that is beyond your reach without the right tools for viewing, is beyond your reach without the right tools for viewing, listening,
listening, etc. For example, someone may have put up a sound file etc. For example, someone may have put up a sound file using a
using a format which cannot be recognized by the software you have format which cannot be recognized by the software you have installed.
installed. In these cases, that person will often have included a In these cases, that person will often have included a pointer to the
pointer to the exact tool necessary to recognize their format, or exact tool necessary to recognize their format, or convert the
convert the format, and you can download, install, and use this tool format, and you can download, install, and use this tool right away.
right away.
Using the basic tools acquired to access the Internet (See Chapter Using the basic tools acquired to access the Internet (See Section
4), you can begin to add to your collection software tools, both 4), you can begin to add to your collection software tools, both for
for accessing the information already on the Internet, and for accessing the information already on the Internet, and for creating
creating your own content (See Chapter 5). your own content (See Section 5).
2.4 Sharing and Collaborating 2.4 Sharing and Collaborating
There are many people both like, and unlike, yourself with whom There are many people both like, and unlike, yourself with whom you
you can meet, communicate, and share ideas. Some like to just talk, can meet, communicate, and share ideas. Some like to just talk, you
you can listen if you like. Others like to just listen, so you and can listen if you like. Others like to just listen, so you and
others can talk. others can talk.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet There are also many forms that communication can take, from
private electronic mail, to group video conferencing, to moderated
There are also many forms that communication can take, from private newsgroups, to public bulletin boards. See Section 3 for more
electronic mail, to group video conferencing, to moderated
newsgroups, to public bulletin boards. See Chapter 3 for more
information on Electronic Forums. information on Electronic Forums.
Artists often want to share their work with other artists on the Artists often want to share their work with other artists on the
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
Internet so that they will receive comments and recognition for their Internet so that they will receive comments and recognition for their
work. It is a great place to explore new ideas with other artists as work. It is a great place to explore new ideas with other artists as
well. Perhaps a painter has tried a new paint and has a review of well. Perhaps a painter has tried a new paint and has a review of
it, or has developed a new way to mix colors, or a photographer wants it, or has developed a new way to mix colors, or a photographer wants
to share how to get a difficult shot. Perhaps you would like to to share how to get a difficult shot. Perhaps you would like to
locate a rare album, or debate one musicians merit over anothers. locate a rare album, or debate one musicians merit over anothers.
There are many types of content that artists can share. Including: There are many types of content that artists can share. Including:
- text: stories, poetry, historic accounts, transcripts, etc. - text: stories, poetry, historic accounts, transcripts, etc.
- images of their visual work: paintings, photographs, sculpture, - images of their visual work: paintings, photographs,
- images of themselves: photographs, self-portraits, other people sculpture
- sound files of their audio works or voice presentations - images of themselves: photographs, self-portraits
of their works: books on tape, speeches, tutorials, music - sound files of their audio works or voice presentations of
their works: books on tape, speeches, tutorials, music
- moving pictures: video arts, performance arts, etc. - moving pictures: video arts, performance arts, etc.
- a description of their art process and works of art - a description of their art process and works of art
- resume and/or biographical data - resume and/or biographical data
- contact information in the form of electronic mail address, - contact information in the form of electronic mail address,
postal mail address, phone, etc. Electronic mail is most postal mail address, phone, etc. Electronic mail is most
popular because it allows people to respond spontaniously. popular because it allows people to respond spontaneously.
2.5 Communicating about the arts 2.5 Communicating about the arts
++ to provide the opportunity for professional discourse about... Perhaps you prefer to discuss and compare the works of others with
++ criticism, aesthetics, etc. producers, collectors, gallery owners or other professionals in your
field, or related fields. You might want to find out who's hot and
why. You could also find out where, and when shows, showings,
benefits, conferences, releases, signings, and performances are
taking place, or announce your own showing.
They say that for every artist, there is a critic, and you could meet
one, or be one, on the Internet.
2.6 Sharing your work with others 2.6 Sharing your work with others
++ The Internet is a global marketplace for your work. After you've met some of the global critics, and compared your work
++ Artists can often find buyers and sponsers of their work by with others, you may feel so bold as to share your work with others.
++ showing it on the Internet. See 5.3 Publicizing your Work. Perhaps emailing a manuscript to a publisher, or putting up scans of
your art will entice a buyer. Perhaps it will entice a critic to say
wonderful things about you to a buyer.
3. Forums Perhaps putting your work on the Internet will bring fortune and
fame, or perhaps it will encourage others to put their work up.
Increasing the cultural content of the Internet will have profound
results in all areas of the Arts.
Many forums exist on the Internet. There are interactive forums INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
where you can share information in real-time and carry on
discussions with others. There are message-based forums where you
send or receive a message and others involved in that forum wait
for responses, and there are archived forums where information is
stored, and may be retrieved by anyone but modified only by its
owner.
++ we need to describe email addresses before we show them 3. Forums
++ just using "foo@bar.com" may be intimidating to a novice.
++ be aware that there are always new things being created. Websters defines a forum as "A public meeting place for open
discussion." In the world that could be a park or an auditorium. In
the Internet, a forum will be electronic, but it may still feel like
a roomful of people.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet Many forums exist on the Internet. There are interactive forums
where you can share information in real-time and carry on discussions
with others. There are message-based forums where you send or
receive a message and others involved in that forum can respond
later, and there are archived forums where information is stored, and
may be retrieved by anyone but modified only by its owner.
While we have attempted to list and describe a few of the more
popular forums, we have not created an exhaustive, complete, or
up-to-the-minute list here. You can find information on forums,
lists and sites in many magazines and books today. (See Section 4.1
- Getting Started)
3.1 Message-based Communications 3.1 Message-based Communications
In Message-based communication, a message is sent by one user, and In Message-based communication, a message is sent by one user, and
received by one or many. For example, you might send a dinner received by one or many. For example, you might send a dinner
invitation to an individual, a couple, or a group. In the same way, invitation to an individual, a couple, or a group. In the same way,
you send electronic messages to individuals or groups. Just like you send electronic messages to individuals or groups. Just like
your Postal Service for physical mail, there are electronic mail your Postal Service for physical mail, there are electronic mail
servers for electronic mail. Just like you have a physical address servers for electronic mail. Just like you have a physical address
to which your physical mail is sent, there is an electronic mail to which your physical mail is sent, there is an electronic mail
address to which your electronic mail is sent. address to which your electronic mail is sent.
Message-based Communications include electronic mail, listservs, Message-based Communications includes electronic mail, listservs,
newsgroups, and bulletin boards. newsgroups, and bulletin boards.
3.1.1 E-mail 3.1.1 E-mail
Electronic mail (email) is a system whereby a computer user can Electronic mail (email) is a system whereby a computer user can
exchange messages with other computer users (or groups of users) exchange messages with other computer users (or groups of users) via
via a communications network. a communications network.
Typical use of email consists of downloading messages as received Typical use of email consists of downloading messages as received
from a mailbox or mail server, then reading and replying to from a mailbox or mail server, then reading and replying to them
them solely electronically using a mail program which behaves much solely electronically using a mail program which behaves much like a
like a word processor for the most part. The user can send mail word processor for the most part. The user can send mail to, or
to, or receive mail from, any other user with Internet access. receive mail from, any other user with Internet access. Electronic
mail is much like paper mail, in that it is sent, delivered, and
contains information. That information can be textual, graphic, or
even sound. (See Section 4 - Accessing the Internet, and Section 5 -
Creating Content, for more information on non-textonly email
messages.)
Electronic mail is much like paper mail, in that it is sent, INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
delivered, and contains information. That information can be
textual, graphic, or even sound. See Chapter 4 (Accessing the
Internet) and 5 (Creating Content) for more information on
non-textonly email messages.
You will get an Electronic mail, or Email address usually from You will get an Electronic mail, or Email address usually from
your Internet Service Provider (See Chapter 4). Your email address your Internet Service Provider (See Section 4). Your email address
contains your name, and the address of the machine on which you contains your name, and the address of the machine on which you
receive your mail. The name of the machine will be in two parts, receive your mail. The name of the machine will be in two parts,
(separated by a dot or period symbol ".") the name of the machine (separated by a dot or period symbol ".") the name of the machine
itself, and the "domain" it is in. (See the documents reference itself, and the "domain" it is in. (See the documents reference in
in Section 8 - Resources, for more information on domain names). Section 8 - Resources, for more information on domain names).
The possible extensions for a domain name will be one of: .edu, for The possible extensions for a domain name will be one of: .edu, for
educational institutions; .gov, for government sites; .com, for educational institutions; .gov, for government sites; .com, for
commercial companies; .org, for other organizations; or it might be a commercial companies; .org, for other organizations; or it might be a
locational domain name which would contain the city, state, region, locational domain name which would contain the city, state, region,
and country, as la.ca.us would be Los Angeles, California, United and country, as la.ca.us would be Los Angeles, California, United
States. States.
An email address takes the form "yourname"@"yoursite"."yourdomain" An email address takes the form "yourname"@"yoursite"."yourdomain"
For example, if your name is Jo Cool and you get your Internet For example, if your name is Jo Cool and you get your Internet
service from Dirigible Online, your email address might be service from Dirigible Online, your email address might be
jcool@dirigible.com. jcool@dirigible.com.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
3.1.2 Listserv (mailing list server) 3.1.2 Listserv (mailing list server)
A Listserv is an automated program that accepts email messages A Listserv is an automated program that accepts email messages from
from users and performs basic operations on mailing lists for those users and performs basic operations on mailing lists for those users.
users. In the Internet, listservs are usually accessed as either In the Internet, listservs are usually accessed as either
"list-request@host.domain" or "listserv@host.domain"; "list-request@host.domain" or "listserv@host.domain"; for example,
for example, the list server for the hypothetical list the list server for the hypothetical list "newsreports@acme.org"
"newsreports@acme.org" would be "newsreports-request@acme.org". would be "newsreports-request@acme.org".
Sending email to "newsreports@acme.org" causes the message to be Sending email to "newsreports@acme.org" causes the message to be sent
sent to all the list subscribers, which is inappropriate for to all the list subscribers, which is inappropriate for "Subscribe"
"Subscribe" and "Unsubscribe" requests, while sending a message and "Unsubscribe" requests, while sending a message to
to "listserv@acme.org" sends the message only to the list server. "listserv@acme.org" sends the message only to the list server. Using
Using "listserv@acme.org" you would put the listname in the subject "listserv@acme.org" you would put the listname in the subject field
field with "Subscribe me@my.domain" as the body of the message. with "Subscribe me@my.domain" as the body of the message. Not all
Not all mailing lists use list servers to handle list mailing lists use list servers to handle list administration duties.
administration duties.
3.1.3 Newsgroups 3.1.3 Newsgroups
A Newsgroup is an electronic bulletin board system created A Newsgroup is an electronic bulletin board system created originally
originally by the Unix community and which is accessible via the by the Unix community and which is accessible via the Internet.
Internet. Usenet News forms a discussion forum accessible by Usenet News forms a discussion forum accessible by millions of users
millions of users in almost every country in the world. Usenet in almost every country in the world. Usenet News consists of
News consists of thousands of topics arranged in a hierarchical thousands of topics arranged in a hierarchical form. Major topics
form. Major topics include "comp" for computer topics, "rec" for include "comp" for computer topics, "rec" for recreational topics,
recreational topics, "soc" for social topics, "sci" for science "soc" for social topics, "sci" for science topics, and there are many
topics, and there are many others we will not list here. Within others we will not list here. Within the major topics are subtopics,
the major topics are subtopics, such as "rec.music" for general music such as "rec.music" for general music content, and
content, and "rec.music.classical" for classical music, or "rec.music.classical" for classical music, or "sci.med.physics" for
"sci.med.physics" for discussions relating to the physics of medical discussions relating to the physics of medical science.
science.
There are also many General, Regional, and even Local site INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
groups. For example, if you wanted to find something for sale in
your area, rather than peruse "misc.forsale" you might rather try There are also many General, Regional, and even Local site groups.
"ne.forsale" if you were in the New England region of the U.S. or
"ba.forsale" if you were in the Bay Area of California. States
are also considered regions, and you can often find groups that
meet in person, in such places as ???
++ more here ++ more here
3.1.4 Electronic Bulletin Board System (BBS) 3.1.4 Electronic Bulletin Board System (BBS)
A Bulletin Board System consists of a computer, and associated A Bulletin Board System consists of a computer, and associated
software, typically providing electronic messaging services, software, typically providing electronic messaging services, archives
archives of files, and any other services or activities of interest of files, and any other services or activities of interest to the
to the bulletin board systems' operator. bulletin board systems' operator.
Typical use of a BBS has the user dial into the BBS via their modem Typical use of a BBS has the user dial into the BBS via their modem
and telephone line and select from a hierarchy of lists, files, and telephone line and select from a hierarchy of lists, files,
subdirectories, or other data maintained by the operator. Once subdirectories, or other data maintained by the operator. Once
connected, the user can often send messages to other BBS users connected, the user can often send messages to other BBS users within
within the system. the system.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
Although BBSs have traditionally been the domain of hobbyists, an Although BBSs have traditionally been the domain of hobbyists, an
increasing number of BBSs are connected directly to the Internet, increasing number of BBSs are connected directly to the Internet, and
and many BBSs are currently operated by government, educational, many BBSs are currently operated by government, educational,
research, and commercial institutions. research, and commercial institutions.
3.2. Real-Time Communications 3.2. Real-Time Communications
Real-Time Communications describes the process of communicating Real-Time Communications describes the process of communicating with
with others via the Internet virtually simultaneously. Generally in others via the Internet virtually simultaneously. Generally in a
a forum where you type something, which another user sees on their forum where you type something, which another user sees on their
screen, and types something, which you see a moment later. The screen, and types something, which you see a moment later. The
moment between when they begin typing, and you begin seeing their moment between when they begin typing, and you begin seeing their
words, is known as "net-lag". words, is known as "net-lag".
Forums which communicate in real-time are the Internet Relay Chat Forums which communicate in real-time are the Internet Relay Chat
(IRC), the Multi-User Dungeon (MUD), Audio/Video Conferencing (AVC), (IRC), the Multi-User Dungeon (MUD), Audio/Video Conferencing (AVC),
and White Board Systems (WBS). and White Board Systems (WBS).
3.2.1 IRC - Internet Relay Chat, WebChat 3.2.1 IRC - Internet Relay Chat, WebChat
Internet Relay Chat, or IRC, is an interactive forum set up in Internet Relay Chat, or IRC, provides a text-based mechanism for
virtual rooms that you can move between, and where others can communication with multiple participants. IRC is an interactive
virtually "hang out" in. In IRC parlance, you "join" a ??? forum set up in virtual rooms that you can move between, and where
others can virtually "hang out". Chat rooms can be used to discuss
common ideas or topics, or as part of a collaborative process.
++ needs more ++ needs more
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
3.2.2 MUD - Multi-User Dungeon 3.2.2 MUD - Multi-User Dungeon
An interactive game environment where both real other players and An interactive game environment where both real other players and
virtual other players exist and with whom you can communicate to virtual other players exist and with whom you can communicate to
share ideas or solve puzzles, etc. share ideas or solve puzzles, etc.
++ needs more ++ needs more
++ add MOO's - object oriented mud
** (http://ftp.parc.xerox.com/pub/MOO/papers) ** (http://ftp.parc.xerox.com/pub/MOO/papers)
++ vrml, avitar, digital editing systems, proprietary
** (palace, urban desires)
++ Expand on the concept of "shared construction" -- that this ++ Expand on the concept of "shared construction" -- that this
++ enables information and ideas to accrue over time. ++ enables information and ideas to accrue over time.
3.2.3 Audio/Video Conferencing 3.2.3 Audio/Video Conferencing
++ CUSEEME - video conferencing ++ CUSEEME - video conferencing
++ multicasting ++ multicasting
++ Expand on uses ++ Expand on uses
3.2.4 Whiteboard Systems 3.2.4 Whiteboard Systems
++ Jonathan Kean: commercial, non-commercial, internet, non-internet. A Whiteboard is analogous to the blackboard, and is physically quite
similar. A Whiteboard System allows people on the Internet to share
text, drawings, and other graphic information which is being written
in real-time on an electronically enhanced whiteboard.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet Software exists which allows connections between two sites, or
hundreds, over the Internet, the Web, or your telephone.
3.3 Archived Forums
3.3 Archives
Archive is defined in Webster's New World Dictionary as: Archive is defined in Webster's New World Dictionary as:
n. 1 a) a place where public records, documents, etc. are kept n. 1 a) a place where public records, documents, etc. are kept
b) a place where material having documentary interest, as b) a place where material having documentary interest, as private
private papers, institutional records, memorabilia, or papers, institutional records,memorabilia, or photographs, is kept.
photographs, is kept.
Archives on the Internet are defined in almost exactly the same Archives on the Internet are pretty much the exact same thing. The
way. The motive and much of the content is the same, but the media motive and much of the content is the same, but the media changes
changes (from paper files, to electronic files), and as such (from paper files, to electronic files), and as such allows for a
allows for a much greater diversity of content. much greater diversity of content.
Archives on the Internet also allow many people access to their Archives on the Internet also allow many people access to their
files simultaniously, and from all over the world. files simultaneously, and from all over the world.
Any and all information that people want to make available on the
Internet can be. This means there is alot of information out
there, and necessitates powerful tools to sort through it all.
Imagine that you have traveled back in time to the famed Library
of Alexandria, where all the diverse knowledge of the ancient
world was collected for study. And imagine trying to find
Plato's writings without benefit of a card catalog..."Oh, try
looking in that urn over there, in the second nook back."
Once you are on the Internet it quickly becomes clear that a great INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
deal of information is "out there", and that finding and sorting
through all the possible sources of data is a daunting task.
Indexing and searching tools are two of the most popular and useful
services available today on the Internet. This section describes
useful features, and shows how they might best be used.
3.3.1 Indexing vs. Searching Any and all information that people want to make available on the
Internet can be. This means there is a truly vast amount of
information out there, with more being added every day. In fact
there is so much information that it is sometimes difficult and
confusing to find the information you want. This is the topic of our
next section.
The difference between indexing and searching is comparable to 3.3. Searching
collecting and sorting card catalog cards at a library, versus
browsing through someone elses cards or the shelves themselves.
In the former, you are creating definite categories, and can then One of the great challenges facing the internet is how to organize
"zoom in" on the topic and subtopics of interest. Search engines, on the vast amounts of information in ways that allow most people to
the other hand, allow the user to enter a subject, name, title, or find what they want. In theory, there may be a "perfect"
random string pattern, which is then cross checked against a large organization, but in practice, we will never achieve it. This means
collection of WWW pages or USENET news articles. This can lead to that finding the information you want on the net may require some
both a large volume of information, and some rather startling skill on your part. Fortunately there are many tools and strategies
discoveries of information from unsuspected sources. that may be helpful.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet One of the all time great ideas for finding the information you want
is a thing called a search engine. A search engine is a computer
program usually living on a remote computer that spends its time
downloading information from other computers and building an index of
what lives where. This behavior has given them the nickname of Web
Crawlers. What this means to you, is that you can call up the Search
Engine's home page, and enter in a subject, name, title, or random
string pattern, which is then used to search the engines index
for stuff out on the net that seems related. This can lead to both a
large volume of information, and some rather startling discoveries of
information from unsuspected sources.
Some of the available Searchers and Indices on the Internet include: Some of the available Searchers and Indices on the Internet include:
Yahoo - Index of WWW sites, with search capabilities Yahoo - Index of WWW sites, with search capabilities
http://www.yahoo.com/ http://www.yahoo.com/
DejaNews - USENET (news groups) search engine DejaNews - USENET (news groups) search engine
http://www.dejanews.com/ http://www.dejanews.com/
WebCrawler - http://query.webcrawler.com/ WebCrawler - http://query.webcrawler.com/
Lycos - http://www.lycos.com/ Lycos - http://www.lycos.com/
AltaVista - WWW and USENET search engine AltaVista - WWW and USENET search engine
skipping to change at page 12, line 28 skipping to change at page 16, line 5
search capabilities search capabilities
http://www.mckinley.com/ http://www.mckinley.com/
Yahoo, for example, has a high-level category called "Arts", which Yahoo, for example, has a high-level category called "Arts", which
has a multitude of subcategories below it, most of which have further has a multitude of subcategories below it, most of which have further
subdivision, each of which can contain lists of lists. For example, subdivision, each of which can contain lists of lists. For example,
to find information on Modern Dance, one can follow the links to to find information on Modern Dance, one can follow the links to
http://www.yahoo.com/Recreation/Dance/Modern/Groups http://www.yahoo.com/Recreation/Dance/Modern/Groups
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
or simply type "Modern Dance" into the search field and choose from a
list of selections returned.
On a typical attempt on March 25, 1997, Yahoo returned 4 major
categories of Modern Dance, and offered 82 other links to related
pages around the web.
++ info on WAIS ++ info on WAIS
3.3.2 Compound Searches 3.3.2 Compound Searches
After experimenting with the available search engines, it quickly After experimenting with the available search engines, it quickly
becomes clear that searching on a broad category can result in becomes clear that searching on a broad category can result in too
too much information. For example, a recent search at AltaVista much information. For example, a recent search at AltaVista for the
for the subject "Rembrandt" matched over 8500 individual items, subject "Rembrandt" matched over 8500 individual items, including
including information on the famous artist information on the famous artist (Rembrandt von Rijn (1606-1669)),
(Rembrandt von Rijn (1606-1669)),
URL:[http://www.bod.net/CJackson/rembrand/rembrand.htm]
and His Self-Portrait,
URL:[http://found.cs.nyu.edu/fox/art/rembrandt/self1660.html]
a hotel in Thailand (Rembrandt Hotel and Plaza, Bangkok),
URL:[http://www.siam.net/rembrandt/index.html]
and a pizza restaurant in California
URL:[http://www.lososos.com/Rembrandt'sCafe/].
To be more particular in what you find, all of the available URL:http://www.bod.net/CJackson/rembrand/rembrand.htm and His
search engines allow you to do compound searches, in which Self-Portrait,
multiple keywords are used, possibly in combination with Boolean
logic operators such as AND, OR, and NOT. For example, to focus
in on Rembrandt the artist, at the exclusion of pizza cafes, try
the following advanced search in Magellan:
Rembrandt +artist -pizza URL:http://found.cs.nyu.edu/fox/art/rembrandt/self1660.html a
hotel in Thailand (Rembrandt Hotel and Plaza, Bangkok),
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet URL:http://www.siam.net/rembrandt/index.html and a pizza
restaurant in California
URL:http://www.lososos.com/Rembrandt'sCafe/.
To be more particular in what you find, all of the available
search engines allow you to do compound searches, in which multiple
keywords are used, possibly in combination with Boolean logic
operators such as AND, OR, and NOT. For example, to focus in on
Rembrandt the artist, at the exclusion of pizza cafes, try the
following advanced search in Magellan:
Rembrandt AND artist AND portrait NOT pizza
Note that the method of entering search items differs slightly Note that the method of entering search items differs slightly
from service to service. When trying a new service, check the from service to service. When trying a new service, check the
available help topic before searching. And as with any new available help topic before searching. And as with any new skill,
skill, practice, practice, practice! practice, practice, practice!
Test of search scope:
Lycos: rembrandt. 1837 relevant documents
Lycos: rembrandt and artist and portrait 6 relevant documents
Yahoo: rembrandt 2 Catagory and 39 site matches
Yahoo: rembrandt and artist 2 Catagory and 11 site matches
Magellan: rembrandt 666 results
Magellan: rembrandt and artist and portrait 39379 results
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
AltaVista: rembrandt about "10000" documents
AltaVista: rembrandt +artist +museum about "100" documents
WebCrawler: rembrandt. 347 matching "rembrandt"
WebCrawler: rembrandt and artist and portrait 21 matching documents
++ Joe: art.net; Internet Yellow pages
++ Let them know that searching is an iterative process, keep going, ++ Let them know that searching is an iterative process, keep going,
++ from one search key and continue, multiple levels... part of the joy ++ from one search key and continue, multiple levels... part of the joy
++ of the net, exploring the net. ++ of the net, exploring the net.
Test of search scope:
Lycos: <unavailable>
Yahoo: rembrandt 11 matches
Magellan: rembrandt +artist +portrait 1309 links
AltaVista: rembrandt +artist +portrait "about 10000" links
WebCrawler: rembrand artist portrait 17299
4. Accessing the Internet 4. Accessing the Internet
Accessing the Internet in terms of simply receiving, downloading, Accessing the Internet in terms of simply receiving, downloading,
and viewing files uses most of the same networking tools (software and viewing files, uses most of the same tools (software and
and hardware) needed to create files and make them available on the hardware) needed to create files and make them available on the
Internet. This Chapter and the next overlap in the areas of basic Internet. This section, and the next, overlap in the areas of basic
hardware and networking software. hardware and software.
The Internet can be accessed in many comfortable ways: at school, at The Internet can be accessed in many comfortable ways: at school,
home, at work, and even at trendy CyberCoffeeHouses. Accessing the at home, at work, and even at trendy CyberCoffeeHouses. Accessing
Internet is not synonymous with publishing and displaying on the the Internet is not synonymous with publishing and displaying on the
Internet, however. You will need different equipment for creating Internet, however. You may need different equipment for creating and
vs. retrieving content. This chapter describes how to do both, but retrieving content. This section describes how to do both, but first
first you will need to get your feet wet with Internet terminology. you will need to get your feet wet with Internet terminology.
A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is a type of Internet 'address' A URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is a type of Internet 'address'
which identifies where a file (text, graphic, audio, video, etc) which identifies where a file (text, graphic, audio, video, etc.)
resides. The URL may look like resides. The URL may look like
'http://www.machine.com/directory/file_name.extension.' Just like 'http://www.machine.com/directory/file_name.extension.' Just like
humans who live in different types of residences: condominiums, humans who live in different types of residences: condominiums,
houses, mobile homes, igloos, etc., files reside in different types houses, mobile homes, igloos, etc., files reside in different types
of computer servers. (Computers that are connected to a network of computer servers. (Computers that are connected to a network
(such as the Internet) and distribute information are generally (such as the Internet) and distribute information are generally
called servers.) Unlike a human address, the document's type of called servers.) Unlike a human address, the document's type of
residence must be identified in its URL. For example, if the residence must be identified in its URL. For example, if the
document lives on a World-Wide Web server, its URL will start with document lives on a World-Wide Web server, its URL will start with
http:// (which stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol). If the file http:// (which stands for HyperText Transfer Protocol). If the file
calls a File Tranfer Protocol server home, its address will start calls a File Transfer Protocol server home, its address will start
with ftp:// (for File Tranfer Protocol). Other common residences with ftp:// (for File Transfer Protocol). Other common residences
include gopher:// and telnet://. include gopher:// and telnet://.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
After the type of residence is identified, the document's URL After the type of residence is identified, the document's URL
describes the exact computer that houses the document. The name of describes the exact computer that houses the document. The name of
the computer contains letters or numbers unique to that the computer contains letters or numbers unique to that computer.
computer. This name is called an Internet Protocol (IP) address and This name is called an Internet Protocol (IP) address and describes
describes the type of neighborhood the computer resides in. For the type of neighborhood the computer resides in. For example, all
example, all the servers that belong to a specific organization will the servers that belong to a specific organization will contain
contain similar numbers (but each individual server will still similar numbers (but each individual server will still contain a
contain a unique indentifier). This means that all the computers
that are associated with the US government will belong to the
neighborhood '.gov'. Computers in Canada belong to the '.ca'
neighborhood. Numerous neighborhoods around the world are given
'.'distinctions.
Neighborhoods can be further divided into sections. For example, all INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
the servers at the White House in the US may have '.whitehouse.gov'.
To distinguish between all the servers at the white House, another unique identifier). This means that all the computers that are
set of letters (or numbers) is needed: associated with the US government will belong to the neighborhood
'president.whitehouse.com'. Thus, a WWW server at the White House may '.gov'. Computers in Canada belong to the '.ca' neighborhood.
have the URL: 'http://president.whitehouse.com' . Numerous neighborhoods around the world are given '.'distinctions.
Neighborhoods can be further divided into sections. For example,
all the servers at the White House in the US may have
'.whitehouse.gov'. To distinguish between all the servers at the
white House, another set of letters (or numbers) is needed:
'president.whitehouse.gov'. Thus, a WWW server at the White House may
have the URL: 'http://president.whitehouse.gov' .
But, this address just identifies the document's neighborhood; to But, this address just identifies the document's neighborhood; to
find its house, the URL must include more specific information. A find its house, the URL must include more specific information. A
neighborhood is generally divided into streets. Likewise, a computer neighborhood is generally divided into streets. Likewise, a computer
server is divided into directories or folders. Steering through a server is divided into directories or folders. Steering through a
server to find a document may require many directories. For example, server to find a document may require many directories. For example,
a graphic may reside in a directory called 'icons'. (The names of a graphic may reside in a directory called 'icons'. (The names of
directories differ on all computers.) If the graphic is called directories differ on all computers, but some standards prevail.)
help.gif, its URL may be If the graphic is called help.gif, its URL may be
'http://president.whitehouse.com/icons/help.gif'. '.gif' is a 'http://president.whitehouse.gov/icons/help.gif'. '.gif' is a
document extension that describes its format. Document formats document extension that describes its format. Gif is short for
include .html,.txt (for text documents) .gif, .jpg (for graphics), Graphic Image Format. Document formats include .html, .txt (for
.ram, .wav (for audio), and others. text documents) .gif, .jpg (for graphics), .ram, .wav (for audio),
and others.
4.1 Getting Started 4.1 Getting Started
++ Non-electronic media (magazines, etc.) containing pointers ++ Non-electronic media (magazines, etc.) containing pointers
++ Organizations, pointers to cyber-coffee houses, educational
++ institutions or programs, etc.
Creating online content involves moving your art into an electronic
format and then, perhpas, re-formatting it for the Internet. For
some art forms, the intitial electronic step is fairly painless:
translating a short story, poem, novel (or any type of creative
writing that doesn't have much desktop publishing formatting, for
example) into HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is fairly straight
forward. Likewise, moving a computer graphic to the Internet
requires a convertor program to make the graphic follow the right
format (please see the Web Provider section below). Performing arts,
sculpture, and other pieces that are hard to capture on a computer
disk, require more work and creative thinking.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet Creating online content involves moving your art into an
electronic format and then, perhaps, re-formatting it for the
Internet. For some art forms, the initial electronic step is fairly
painless: translating a short story, poem, novel (or any type of
creative writing that doesn't have much desktop publishing
formatting, for example) into HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is
fairly straight forward. Likewise, moving a computer graphic to the
Internet requires a converter program to make the graphic follow the
right format. Performing arts, sculpture, and other pieces that are
hard to capture on a computer disk, require more work and creative
thinking.
Much of the information needed to help you think creatively about Much of the information needed to help you think creatively about
publicizing your work online is available in classes, books, local publicizing your work online is available in classes, books, local
Internet cafes, and on the Internet itself. Many INternet magazines Internet cafes, and on the Internet itself. Many Internet magazines
are available for subscriptions or individual issues can help get you are available for subscriptions or individual issues can help get you
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
started. Most new bookstores and, to some extent, used bookstores started. Most new bookstores and, to some extent, used bookstores
provide numerous volumes of Internet information. However, even the provide numerous volumes of Internet information. However, even the
most recently published books may contain outdated information. For most recently published books may contain outdated information. For
the latest 'standards' contact the IETF. the latest 'standards' contact the IETF.
If you learn better by doing, rather than reading, you may be If you learn better by doing, rather than reading, you may be
interested in taking a HTML or Internet Introduction course at a interested in taking a HTML or Internet Introduction course at a
local college. Most larger metropolitan area schools provide classes local college. Most larger metropolitan area schools provide classes
for the basics, which can also expose you to other artists. Make for the basics, which can also expose you to other artists. Make
sure you read the course description; some courses may only cover sure you read the course description; some courses may only cover
accessing the Internet while you may want to actually be creating accessing the Internet while you may want to actually be creating
documents. If not colleges in your area offer classes, contact the documents. If not colleges in your area offer classes, contact the
computer science department or the continuing education office and computer science department or the continuing education office and
suggest a topic. If the school can attain enough support, they may suggest a topic. If the school can attain enough support, they may
offer a class in the following semester. offer a class in the following semester.
Many Internet Service Providers (see below) will offer free classes Many Internet Service Providers (See Section 4.2) will offer free
to get you started accessing and sometimes creating on the Intnernet. classes to get you started accessing and sometimes creating on the
With the competition of Internet providers, you should be able to Internet. With the competition of Internet providers, you should be
find one or two that offer the classes you need. able to find one or two that offer the classes you need.
Artists in smaller communities may need to rely more heavily upon Artists in smaller communities may need to rely more heavily upon
online sources of information. To learn about using the Internet, online sources of information. To learn about using the Internet,
you may want to use point a WWW browser to ??? you may want to use point a WWW browser to ???
++ ++
For more information creating your own content, the following sites
should be helpful: ??? For more information creating your own content, the following
sites should be helpful: ???
++ ++
If your hometown college does not offer classes about the Internet, If your hometown college does not offer classes about the Internet,
you may still be able to find a helpful outlet. When several you may still be able to find a helpful outlet. When several
students from large universities returned home to Taos, NM, a couple students from large universities returned home to Taos, NM, a couple
summers ago, they left behind their Interent connections. Fearing summers ago, they left behind their Internet connections. Fearing
that they would have withdrawal symtoms, they approached the owner of that they would have withdrawal symptoms, they approached the owner
a local bakery and suggested he start an Internet room where he could of a local bakery and suggested he start an Internet room where he
charge surfers by the hour to use the Internet. The entrepenurial could charge surfers by the hour to use the Internet. The
baker applied for a governmental grant and received a couple entrepreneurial baker applied for a governmental grant and received a
computers with high speed modems. couple computers with high speed modems.
You may be able to find CyberCafes (rather than building one) by You may be able to find CyberCafes (rather than building one) by
talking with local people or reading the 'Computer Science' magazine. talking with local people or reading the 'Computer Science' magazine.
Unfortunately, this local newsletter is generally only available in Unfortunately, this local newsletter is generally only available in
large Metropolitan areas in the United States (North America?) You large Metropolitan areas in the United States (North America?) You
may need to surf the Internet to locate the cafes. One searchable may need to surf the Internet to locate the cafes. One searchable
index of cafes is available via the Yahoo web page at: index of cafes is available via the Yahoo web page at:
http://www.yahoo.com/Society_and_Culture/Cyberculture/Internet_Cafes/
. Another list of Internet Cafes is available at
http://www.cyberiacafe.net/cyberia/guide/ccafe.htm.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
http://www.yahoo.com/Society_and_Culture/Cyberculture/Internet_Cafes/
Another list of Internet Cafes is available at
http://www.cyberiacafe.net/cyberia/guide/ccafe.htm.
You may want to use a web crawler, or web search engine, to find a You may want to use a web crawler, or web search engine, to find a
cafe. Yahoo is a common search engine (http://www.yahoo.com). In cafe. Yahoo is a common search engine (http://www.yahoo.com). In
the search field type the name of the city/state/country and the search field type the name of the city/state/country and
'Internet Cafe' or 'CyberCafe'. The newsgroup alt.cybercafes should 'Internet Cafe' or 'CyberCafe'. The newsgroup alt.cybercafes should
also provide some helpful information. The cafes, some of which also provide some helpful information. The cafes, some of which
offer a local bulletin board (either online or on the wall), provide offer a local bulletin board (either online or on the wall), provide
a great atmosphere for discussing Internet issues. a great atmosphere for discussing Internet issues.
4.2 Internet service providers 4.2 Internet service providers
Being an Internet Service Provider (ISP) these days is pretty Being an Internet Service Provider (ISP) these days is pretty easy
easy and can be financially worthwhile, so there are alot of and can be financially worthwhile, so there are alot of them, and
them, and they are starting and failing every day. In addition they are starting and failing every day. In addition to the
to the information and pointers you will find in this document, information and pointers you will find in this document, many
many organizations exist to help you locate, and choose a service organizations exist to help you locate, and choose a service
provider. In any case, be sure to get references, not only for provider. In any case, be sure to get references, not only for the
the ISP but also for the organizations who recommend them. Some ISP but also for the organizations who recommend them. Some
organizations exist solely to recommend those who pay them. organizations exist solely to recommend those who pay them.
++ Include pointers to providers lists ++ Include pointers to providers lists
++ include a discussion about Free-Nets and public access sites ++ include a discussion about Free-Nets and public access sites
++ Michael will try to track Free-Nets down for Canada ++ Michael will try to track Free-Nets down for Canada
++ libraries, community centers, etc. ++ libraries, community centers, etc.
++ provide basic information about the process for locating ISP's ++ provide basic information about the process for locating ISP's
++ Include International ++ Include International
++ research lists to lists of isp's. ++ research lists to lists of isp's.
The following is sent out by the IANA in response to a request The following is sent out by the IANA in response to a request for
for an IP network number assignment. an IP network number assignment.
You should get your IP address (a 32bit number) from your You should get your IP address (a 32bit number) from your network
network service provider. service provider.
Your network service provider works with a regional registry Your network service provider works with a regional registry to
to manage these addresses. The regional registry for the US manage these addresses. The regional registry for the US is the
is the Internic, for Europe is RIPE, for the Asia and Pacific Internic, for Europe is RIPE, for the Asia and Pacific region is the
region is the AP-NIC, and parts of the world not otherwise AP-NIC, and parts of the world not otherwise covered are managed by
covered are managed by the Internic. the Internic.
If for some reason your network service provider does not INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
provide you with an IP address, you can contact the your
regional registry at one of the folling addresses: If for some reason your network service provider does not provide you
with an IP address, you can contact the your regional registry at one
of the following addresses:
Internic <hostmaster@internic.net> Internic <hostmaster@internic.net>
RIPE <ncc@ripe.net> RIPE <ncc@ripe.net>
AP-NIC <admin@apnic.net> AP-NIC <admin@apnic.net>
Please do contact your network service provider first, Please do contact your network service provider first, though.
though. The regional registry will want to know all the gory The regional registry will want to know all the gory details about
details about why that didn't work out before they allocate why that didn't work out before they allocate you an address
you an address directly. directly.
++ newspapers, consultants, get references, ipnic, telephone companies ++ newspapers, consultants, get references, ipnic, telephone companies
++ electronic arts organizations - Jonathan Kean "will look at it" ++ electronic arts organizations - Jonathan Kean "will look at it"
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
4.3 Computer Software and Hardware Tools 4.3 Computer Software and Hardware Tools
A basic computer system consists of a box containing a Central A basic computer system consists of a box containing a Central
Processor Unit (CPU), MotherBoard, and Floppy Drive. It will Processor Unit (CPU), MotherBoard, and Floppy Drive. It will also
also come with a keyboard, and you will need a Hard Drive, come with a keyboard, and you will need a Hard Drive, Memory, and a
Memory, and a Video Monitor. How much memory, how large a hard Video Monitor. How much memory, how large a hard drive, and how
drive, and how fabulous a monitor, will vary with your needs and fabulous a monitor, will vary with your needs and experience.
experience.
To connect to an ISP you will also need a modem and a phone line. To connect to an ISP you will also need a modem and a phone line.
Your normal telephone line will do, but if you have call-waiting Your normal telephone line will do, but if you have call-waiting you
you may want to disable it for the duration of your networking may want to disable it for the duration of your networking session so
session so that you do not lose data to a lost connection. that you do not lose data to a lost connection.
There are many types of computers available including PC's, Macs, There are many types of computers available including PC's, Macs, and
and other Workstations. The most affordable systems are other Workstations. The most affordable systems are generally PCs
generally PCs and Macs. You may also need to choose an Operating and Macs. You may also need to choose an Operating System (OS) for
System (OS) for the machine you choose. the machine you choose.
Personal Computers (PCs) can run a version of DOS, anything from Personal Computers (PCs) can run a version of DOS, anything from
Microsoft(R), or a version of Unix (BSDI, FreeBSD, Linux, etc.) Microsoft(R), or a version of Unix (BSDI, FreeBSD, Linux, etc.) Apple
Apple MacIntosh computers can run the common Mac Windows, or Apples MacIntosh computers can run the common Mac Windows, or Apples version
version of Unix. Workstations generally run a Unix derived OS. of Unix. Workstations generally run a Unix derived OS.
With any system you should ensure that it contains the software With any system, you should ensure that it contains the software and
and hardware necessary to maintain itself as well as your data. hardware necessary to maintain both itself and your data. While
Make sure you get backup media, and backup and virus checking computer data is not particularly fragile, it is still sometimes lost
software with any operating system. due to hardware/software problems or simple human error. For this
reason it is considered important to "backup" your system by making
extra copies of important data. While simply copying data onto
floppy disks could work, the small storage size of the disks makes it
too much work and too prone to human error for this important job.
Many large capacity disk or tape drives are available with special
software specifically for doing backups. It is highly recommended
that you purchase a backup solution along with your computer.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
It is also important to protect your data from being damaged by
computer viruses. When you connect to the net and move data back and
forth, it is possible that there can be a small piece of software
(called a virus) that could hide in some of the data and "infect"
your system, possibly then using your system to infect other machines
that you connect to. These viruses are often created by misguided
youths as a sort of computer prank, and can accidentally or
maliciously damage your data. Fortunately it is possible to buy
virus checking software that can regularly scan your system to see if
it has been infected. This software is important if you are going to
be downloading information from the net.
Determining your ideal hardware and software configuration will Determining your ideal hardware and software configuration will
take some time and patience. You need an understanding of what take some time and patience. You need an understanding of what you
you can, and wish to, create, and how. You'll also want to know can, and wish to, create, and how.
the limitations and expandability potential of the system, so you
can determine if it will have a useful lifespan. If the machine
cannot grow for the forseeable few years, it will become obsolete
before its given you its fullest value.
Depending upon your needs, you may require special hardware You'll also want to know the limitations and expandability potential
installed in the machine, or attached externally by cables. of the system, so you can determine if it will have a useful
These additional pieces of hardware are known as peripherals. lifespan. If the machine cannot grow for the foreseeable few years,
it will become obsolete before its given you its fullest value.
Depending upon your needs, you may require special hardware installed
in the machine, or attached externally by cables. These additional
pieces of hardware are known as peripherals.
The peripherals needed for accessing information on the Internet
might include the following:
The peripherals needed for accessing information on the
Internet might include the following:
- a sound card and speakers (to hear sounds, music, speech, etc.) - a sound card and speakers (to hear sounds, music, speech, etc.)
- a cdrom player (to read stored images of artwork) - a CD-ROM player (to read stored images of artwork)
- midi equipment for audio artists - midi equipment for audio artists
- video equipment for participating in video forums - video equipment for participating in video forums
- Other equipment for creating content See Chapter 5 - Other equipment for creating content See Section 5
Most of these peripherals will require specialized software. If
you plan to purchase all the hardware and software at once, find
a vendor who will connect and test all the hardware, software,
and peripherals for you. Due to the complexity of these systems,
they can be difficult to configure for the inexperienced user.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet Most of these peripherals will require specialized software. If you
plan to purchase all the hardware and software at once, find a vendor
who will connect and test all the hardware, software, and peripherals
for you. Due to the complexity of these systems, they can be
difficult to configure for the inexperienced user.
4.4 Scanners, recorders, encoders/decoders, multimedia......... 4.4 Scanners, recorders, encoders/decoders, multimedia.........
++ need info. ++ need info.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
5. Creating Content 5. Creating Content
Access to a computer, or someone with a computer is necessary in As the hardware and software of the net becomes cheaper and better
order to add content to the Internet. Artists can put their work understood, the technology itself will become less important than the
on the Internet through agencies, consultants, other artists, and content which lives on the net. Many of the rewards of the internet
friends, or by either buying, renting, leasing or borrowing will go to the people who create such content.
equipment. Artists using their own machines will still need
Internet Access, in the form of an "Internet account" via an
organization, job, school, or an Internet Service Provider (ISP)
where they may also have their Web Page. In addition to an ISP,
one can also get web space from a dedicated Web Space Provider (WSP).
For the World Wide Web, the computer is used to create html There are two different ways to add content to the internet. One may
formatting and the various types of files used to share art start with pre-existing content (such as paintings or stories), and
(ie. image, sound, motion files, etc.). Once an artist gets find a place for it, or one may create content specifically for the
their work digitized and stored on cdrom or disk, they will need net (such as a web page).
the computer to edit the files and incorporate them in the html
documents.
++ Alone or with Assistance overview Let us for the moment assume that you have already created something
++ What you do will indicate the equipment needed and the format you'll which you would like to make available on the net. There are many
++ want to create. Intro to Software needed for use with speakers, ways in which you could do this. You could deal with agencies who
++ scanners, multimedia, etc. provide this service professionally, find friends or others willing
to do it for free, or get yourself on the net in some fashion and
create a place for it yourself.
5.1 When you need assistance: Consultants, Web Page Designers, If you chose to do it yourself, you will need your own computer and
Providers, etc. some form of internet access from an Internet Service Provider (ISP)
or Web Space Provider (WSP).
Once you have a place to put your content, you will need to put it in
the right format. Images may have to be digitized, audio may have to
be recorded into computer files, etc. (Section 5.2 discusses the
various information formats in more detail.) While hardware, such as
image scanners, are readily available, there are also many other
options available. For example, most printing shops today can do
high quality image scans and some WSPs may provide this as one of
their services.
If you are placing your content on the Web, a web page must be
created for it in the form of an HTML document that references the
content in the appropriate file format. While this is easy enough to
do yourself, many WSPs also offer this service, and there are also
independent web page designers who may be able to do a better job.
5.1 Getting Help: Consultants, Web Page Designers, Providers, etc.
++ Trusted judges of good consultants, web page designers, etc. ++ Trusted judges of good consultants, web page designers, etc.
++ discuss with other artists ++ discuss with other artists
++ collectives ++ collectives
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++ decide what you want ++ decide what you want
++ How to find them and choose them. ++ How to find them and choose them.
++ get references ++ get references
5.2 Basic design issues: Understanding Formats 5.2 Basic design issues: Understanding Formats
(Sound, Image, Text, Hypertext)
++ first list, define, and describe, formats and extensions...
Some artists are actually using html as a medium in itself and are Some artists are actually using html as a medium in itself and are
helping to push the boundaries of this medium creating perhaps a helping to push the boundaries of this medium creating perhaps a new
new bleeding edge in this technology. bleeding edge in this technology.
++ What content exists now? What is a thumbnail? ++ What content exists now? What is a thumbnail?
++ Mention scanners, tablets, speakers, recorders, ++ Mention scanners, tablets, speakers, recorders,
++ encoders/decoders, slide reader video equipment, software needed, ++ encoders/decoders, slide reader video equipment, software needed,
++ wav, mpeg, jpeg, gif, jpg, Compression: jpg vs gif
++ soundtracker mods aka .mod, J. "Sheer" Pullen ++ soundtracker mods aka .mod, J. "Sheer" Pullen
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** Save in-depth for the appropriate subsection. ** Save in-depth for the appropriate subsection.
++ Don't forget Examples: How people are creating content ... ++ Don't forget Examples: How people are creating content ...
5.3 Text and Hypertext 5.3 Text and Hypertext
++ ++
5.4 Graphic and Moving images 5.4 Graphic and Moving images
++ ++
5.5 Music and Sound 5.5 Music and Sound
The World Wide Web supports audio data as well as visual data. The World Wide Web supports audio data as well as visual data. The
The most obvious way to send audio across the net would be to use most obvious way to send audio across the net would be to use digital
digital audio like that used for the Compact Disc or "CD". audio like that used for the Compact Disc or "CD". However, CD
However, CD format digital audio requires 44,100 16 bit words format digital audio requires 44,100 16 bit words per second for a
per second for a mono signal, and twice that for a stereo signal. mono signal, and twice that for a stereo signal. While there are
While there are many places where one can find digital audio in many places where one can find digital audio in Windows ".wav", or
Windows ".wav", or the Macintosh ".au" format, these files the MacIntosh ".au" format, these files typically take a very long
typically take a very long time to download even a few seconds time to download even a few seconds of audio. The size of these
of audio. The size of these formats makes them too inefficient for formats makes them too inefficient for widespread use on the net
widespread use on the net today. today.
It is however possible to do "useful" audio over the net. The It is however possible to do "useful" audio over the net. The
emerging "de facto" standard seems to be _RealAudio_, based on the emerging "de facto" standard seems to be _RealAudio_, based on the
freely distributable server/player application, _RealAudio_ version freely distributable server/player application, _RealAudio_ version
2.0, developed by the Seattle based company Progressive Networks. 2.0, developed by the Seattle based company Progressive Networks.
First released in 1995, RealAudio allows useable digital audio in First released in 1995, RealAudio allows useable digital audio in
realtime over a 28.8 kB line, and has already been put into service realtime over a 28.8 kB line, and has already been put into service
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
on the home pages of most major record companies as well as in many on the home pages of most major record companies as well as in many
niche applications. In addition, RealAudio provides a "Voice mode" niche applications. In addition, RealAudio provides a "Voice mode"
optimized for understandable speech transmission over a 14.4kB line. optimized for understandable speech transmission over a 14.4kB line.
Unfortunately the quality of _RealAudio_ leaves much to be desired. Unfortunately the quality of _RealAudio_ leaves much to be
In particular, the sample rate in Music Mode is only 8Khz (as desired. In particular, the sample rate in Music Mode is only 8Khz
compared to CD quality 44.1 Khz), meaning that all high frequencies (as compared to CD quality 44.1 Khz), meaning that all high
above 4khz are simply missing. The resulting audio is still pleasing frequencies above 4khz are simply missing. The resulting audio is
to listen to, but sounds very dull and dark. still pleasing to listen to, but sounds very dull and dark.
More information about RealAudio can be found at www.RealAudio.com. More information about RealAudio can be found at www.RealAudio.com.
Clearly Digital Audio is the way of the future, but until more Clearly Digital Audio is the way of the future, but until more
bandwidth is available to the average person, it may not be the way bandwidth is available to the average person, it may not be the way
of the present. Fortunatly, at least in the area of music, there is of the present. Fortunately, at least in the area of music, there is
an interesting alternative. an interesting alternative.
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MIDI (the Musical Instrument Digital Interface), as developed for MIDI (the Musical Instrument Digital Interface), as developed for
electronic musical instruments (keyboards, samplers, drum machines, electronic musical instruments (keyboards, samplers, drum machines,
etc.) works well for certain kinds of music over the net. It etc.) works well for certain kinds of music over the net. It
involves sending no sound sources at all, just the description of the involves sending no sound sources at all, just the description of the
music -- kind of like the score, without the instruments. If the music -- kind of like the score, without the instruments. If the
receiver has the right instruments on their computer (such as the receiver has the right instruments on their computer (such as the
sounds defined in the General Midi soundset found on many sounds defined in the General Midi soundset found on many
soundcards), they can play back the musical score. soundcards), they can play back the musical score.
The big disadvantage to using MIDI is that other than the limited The big disadvantage to using MIDI is that other than the limited
selection of sounds in the General Midi set, it is extremely selection of sounds in the General Midi set, it is extremely
difficult to make sure the music sounds more than approximately difficult to make sure the music sounds more than approximately like
like the original. And there is no way to handle non-MIDI the original. And there is no way to handle non-MIDI instruments
instruments such as guitar or voice, so it is useless to hear such as guitar or voice, so it is useless to hear the new song by
the new song by your favorite rock and roll band. your favorite rock and roll band.
The big advantage to MIDI is how fast it works over slow net The big advantage to MIDI is how fast it works over slow net
connections. For example, five minutes of music, fits in a mere connections. For example, five minutes of music, fits in a mere 30k
30k file, and usually will not take more than a few seconds even file, and usually will not take more than a few seconds even on the
on the slowest of dialup connections! This makes it ideal for slowest of dialup connections! This makes it ideal for applications
applications such as networked games, or music to go along with a such as networked games, or music to go along with a web page.
web page.
There are many ways of embedding MIDI files into HTML documents, There are many ways of embedding MIDI files into HTML documents,
for WWW distribution. for WWW distribution.
Anyone who wants to add MIDI to a page can choose to use Anyone who wants to add MIDI to a page can choose to use existing
existing public access MIDI file banks, of which there are many, public access MIDI file banks, of which there are many, or to produce
or to produce new MIDI themselves. new MIDI themselves.
Crescendo is one package available for embedding MIDI files in HTML Crescendo is one package available for embedding MIDI files in
http://www.liveupdate.com Crescendo works for both Macintosh and HTML http://www.liveupdate.com Crescendo works for both MacIntosh and
Windows. Windows.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
Helpful Links: Publicly Available Audio and Music Applications Helpful Links: Publicly Available Audio and Music Applications
http://reality.sgi.com/employees/cook/audio.apps/public.html http://reality.sgi.com/employees/cook/audio.apps/public.html
Music of J.S. Bach for keyboard Music of J.S. Bach for keyboard
ftp://ftp.cs.ruu.nl/pub/MIDI/SONGS/CLASSICAL/BACH/HARPSICHORD/ ftp://ftp.cs.ruu.nl/pub/MIDI/SONGS/CLASSICAL/BACH/HARPSICHORD/
RISM (repertoire of manuscript sources), plus other access to RISM (repertoire of manuscript sources), plus other access to
online scholarly music resoruces. http://rism.harvard.edu/RISM/ online scholarly music resources. http://rism.harvard.edu/RISM/
Crescendo is used in the web pages at http://mcentury.citi.doc.ca Crescendo is used in the web pages at http://mcentury.citi.doc.ca
along with a growing number of others. One very interesting use of along with a growing number of others. One very interesting use of
Crescendo occurs on the Music Theory Online publication, a serious Crescendo occurs on the Music Theory Online publication, a serious
scholarly site for publishing and debating musicology and music scholarly site for publishing and debating musicology and music
theory. Articles there now routinely include short musical theory. Articles there now routinely include short musical examples,
examples, a great sign of the future of scholarly publishing in a great sign of the future of scholarly publishing in the age of
the age of dynamic, interactive content. dynamic, interactive content.
http://boethius.music.ucsb.edu/mto/issues/mto.96.2.4/ http://boethius.music.ucsb.edu/mto/issues/mto.96.2.4/
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet Formerly, debate on musical form and structure occurred in the
Formerly, debate on musical form and structure occured in the
pages of journals, referring usually to music examples in terms of pages of journals, referring usually to music examples in terms of
its visual notation. This notation requires a certain degree of its visual notation. This notation requires a certain degree of
training to decode, effectively restricting the potential training to decode, effectively restricting the potential readership
readership to those with this professional training. With sound to those with this professional training. With sound examples
examples embedded directly in the text, at least the aural effect embedded directly in the text, at least the aural effect of the music
of the music comes across, even to those unable to read the comes across, even to those unable to read the notation accurately.
notation accurately. This shift is appropriate to the newer This shift is appropriate to the newer trends in music scholarship,
trends in music scholarship, which talk about music in terms of which talk about music in terms of its social and cultural context,
its social and cultural context, instead of only in formal terms. instead of only in formal terms.
5.6 Content Design Issues 5.6 Content Design Issues
++ ++
5.7 Publicizing your work 5.7 Publicizing your work
++ ++
6. Issues and Challenges 6. Issues and Challenges
** Reminder that this is BRIEF! Summary in nature, and in no way The Internet has many issues and challenges, among which are
** to be considered binding, etc. etc... security, privacy, property rights, copyrights and freedom of speech.
++ Censorship issues, need *your* help. Security issues involve both the security of your data, as well as
your image. Viruses can be transmitted easily over the net, and
precautions should always be taken. If you choose to keep your own
information available on the net it can be the subject of vandalism
and theft. You may also find yourself being persecuted for the
information you provide as more and more people join the Internet
community and feel the need to impose their morality upon it.
6.1 Security Issues see Section 10. INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
++ This is no different from any society. We must draw our own lines,
and our own conclusions. This section is terribly brief, and
entirely summary in nature, and is in no way intended to be
comprehensive. It is intended to warn you and advise you. If you
have real concerns about your property rights, copyrights, and/or
personal rights, please do your own research. Internet laws are in
such a state of flux that they are changing as I write this, and they
will be changing as you read it.
6.2 Viruses see also Security Section 10. At last check, however, freedom of speech was prevailing in the
United States, and so far the government has not upheld any laws
prohibiting the exhibition of anything on the Internet. Support your
local constitutional rights.
++ jkrey has a very specific general information rfc on viruses... 6.1 Security Issues
++ What they can do, where they come from, how to mitigate ++See Section 10.
++ damages, "yes they can get you!"
6.2 Viruses
A "virus" is a program that modifies other programs by placing a copy
of itself inside them. It cannot run independently. It requires
that its host program be run to activate it.
The damage caused by a virus may consist of the deletion of data or
programs, maybe even reformatting of the hard disk, but more subtle
damage is also possible. Some viruses may modify data or introduce
typing errors into text. Other viruses may have no intentional
effects other than replicating itself.
Viruses can be transmitted over the Internet inside other programs,
but usually they are transmitted by floppy disk. Your best bet is to
purchase a really versatile and up-to-date virus checking program
from your local software retailer, and run it over every floppy you
plan to read, and every program you plan to run, as well as
periodically over the entire machine.
Computer viruses are enough like organic viruses that many of the
same precautions apply. Early detection is key. Diligence will
mitigate potential damage, but frequent incremental backups are your
best strategy for recovery.
6.3 Rights 6.3 Rights
++ Intro to protecting your copyright on the Internet. ++ Intro to protecting your copyright on the Internet.
++ References: Copyright law, cases, etc.
** Remember Laws on Intellectual property are constantly changing! INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
** Remember Laws on Intellectual property are constantly changing!
++ examples of: copyright, trademark, disclaimers, international ++ examples of: copyright, trademark, disclaimers, international
++ concerns big issue re: other countries who do not recognize U.S law
++ goes both ways... respecting others copyrights ++ goes both ways... respecting others copyrights
++ dan to send pointers to eff and blue ribbon
++ The implications of the Telecom Reform Bill with regard to ++ The implications of the Telecom Reform Bill with regard to
++ Freedom of Speech. ++ Freedom of Speech.
++ INTERNATIONALIZE: ie: Canada will not allow the import of anything ++ INTERNATIONALIZE: ie: Canada will not allow the import of anything
++ that is "degrading" to women. Etc. ++ that is "degrading" to women. Etc.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
6.4 Conducting Business over the Internet 6.4 Conducting Business over the Internet
++ Secure transaction are possible, pointers to pgp, etc. ++ Secure transaction are possible, pointers to pgp, etc.
6.5 Netiquette 6.5 Netiquette
++ The Responsible Use of the Network document outline, and pointers. ++ The Responsible Use of the Network document outline, and pointers.
++ ie: AVOID SHOUTING ++ ie: AVOID SHOUTING
FYI 28 "Netiquette Guidelines", (Also RFC 1855), October 1995. FYI 28 "Netiquette Guidelines", (Also RFC 1855), October 1995.
** This was produced by the RUN WG, and they will be meeting at
** San Jose to work on extensions and updates to the above document.
++ It never hurts to keep silent til you know your audience better.
++ Not being offended by others, ie: don't take it personally ++ Not being offended by others, ie: don't take it personally
++ keeping in mind international cultural differences, etc. ++ keeping in mind international cultural differences, etc.
7. Glossary 7. Glossary
++ point to userglos, trainmat, and useful stuff that needs to be on ++ point to userglos, trainmat, and useful stuff that needs to be on
++ the same doc. for ease of use ++ the same doc. for ease of use
FYI 29 "Catalogue of Network Training Materials", FYI 29 "Catalogue of Network Training Materials", (Also RFC 2007),
(Also RFC 2007), October 1996. October 1996.
FYI 22 "Frequently Asked Questions for Schools", FYI 22 "Frequently Asked Questions for Schools", (Also RFC 1941),
(Also RFC 1941), May 1996. May 1996.
FYI 18 "Internet Users' Glossary", (Also RFC 1983), August 1996. FYI 18 "Internet Users' Glossary", (Also RFC 1983), August 1996.
** words contained within this document which need to be defined for ** words contained within this document which need to be defined for
** the audience: boolean, ** the audience: Boolean,
8. Resources 8. Resources
++ Places to find more information of use and interest. ++ Places to find more information of use and interest.
++ specific arts and humanities studies, projects, programs, getty ++ specific arts and humanities studies, projects, programs, getty
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
Much of the information provided by this document was gathered Much of the information provided by this document was gathered
from other documents. Wherever important to the discussion, a from other documents. Wherever important to the discussion, a
pointer to the document was given, however, many more documents are pointer to the document was given, however, many more documents are
available on many other topics. available on many other topics.
8.1 Request for Comment 8.1 Request for Comment
One of the most important collections of informational documents One of the most important collections of informational documents
about the Internet are written as Requests for Comment by the about the Internet are written as Requests for Comment by the
Internet Engineering Task Force. The name Request for Comment is Internet Engineering Task Force. The name Request for Comment is
historical, as these documents are submitted by their authors' for historical, as these documents are submitted by their authors' for
the approval of the Internet community as Internet Standards, and the approval of the Internet community as Internet Standards, and
valid Informational RFCs called FYIs, of which this document is valid Informational RFCs called FYIs, of which this document is one.
one. Basically, if the IETF collective uses a tool or resource, Basically, if the IETF collective uses a tool or resource, they
they document its use in an RFC so that there is no mystery to its document its use in an RFC so that there is no mystery to its
functionality, uses, designations, specifications, or purposes. functionality, uses, designations, specifications, or purposes.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
More information on RFCs, FYIs, the IETF, and its organizations, More information on RFCs, FYIs, the IETF, and its organizations,
documents, policies and purposes can be found in the RFCs themselves, documents, policies and purposes can be found in the RFCs themselves,
by a number of means. by a number of means.
8.1.1 The ISI RFC-INFO service 8.1.1 The ISI RFC-INFO service
There are many way to get copies of RFCs over the Internet (see There are many way to get copies of RFCs over the Internet (see
ConneXions, Vol.6,No.1, January 1992). Most of these simply access a ConneqXions, Vol.6,No.1, January 1992). Most of these simply access
directory of files where each RFC is in a file. The searching a directory of files where each RFC is in a file. The searching
capability (if any) is limited to the filename recognition features capability (if any) is limited to the filename recognition features
of that system. of that system.
The ISI RFC-INFO server is a system you can search for an RFC by The ISI RFC-INFO server is a system you can search for an RFC by
author, date, or keyword (all title words are automatically author, date, or keyword (all title words are automatically
keywords). keywords).
RFC-INFO is an e-mail based service to help in locating and retrival RFC-INFO is an e-mail based service to help in locating and
of RFCs and FYIs. Users can ask for "lists" of all RFCs and FYIs retrieval of RFCs and FYIs. Users can ask for "lists" of all RFCs
having certain attributes ("filters") such as their ID, keywords, and FYIs having certain attributes ("filters") such as their ID,
title, author, issuing organization, and date. Once an RFC is keywords, title, author, issuing organization, and date. Once an RFC
uniquely identified (e.g., by its RFC number) it may also be is uniquely identified (e.g., by its RFC number) it may also be
retrieved. retrieved.
To use the service send e-mail to RFC-INFO@ISI.EDU with your requests To use the service send e-mail to RFC-INFO@ISI.EDU with your requests
in the body of the message. Feel free to put anything in the in the body of the message. Feel free to put anything in the
SUBJECT, the system ignores it. (All is case independent, SUBJECT, the system ignores it. (All is case independent.)
obviously.)
Examples of messages to send to RFC-INFO@ISI.EDU can be found in See Appendix C. Examples for using the RFC server RFC-INFO@ISI.EDU
Appendix C. of this document.
9. References 9. References
++ should we create [#] footnotes?? ie: ISN doc, etc.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
++ reference the publications and/or sites of key ++ reference the publications and/or sites of key
++ arts and humanities organizations (e.g. Getty, NINCH) ++ arts and humanities organizations (e.g. Getty, NINCH)
10. Security Considerations 10. Security Considerations
** jkrey points to site sec. handbook: ** jkrey points to site sec. handbook:
** "The "current" Work in Progress for the Site Security Handbook WG ** "The "current" Work in Progress for the Site Security Handbook WG
** is the I-D - draft-ietf-ssh-handbook-03.txt. This group is also ** is the I-D - draft-ietf-ssh-handbook-03.txt. This group is
** working on a companion document for the "user". Stay tuned for ** working on a companion document for the "user". Stay tuned for
** the I-D. They should have that out before San Jose." ** the I-D. They should have that out before San Jose."
There are a wide variety of ways in which systems can be violated, There are a wide variety of ways in which systems can be violated,
some intentional, some accidental. Of the intentional attacks, a some intentional, some accidental. Of the intentional attacks, a
portion may be exploratory, others simply abusive of your portion may be exploratory, others simply abusive of your resources
resources (using up your CPU time) but many are actively (using up your CPU time) but many are actively malicious. No system
malicious. No system is 100% safe, but there are steps you can is 100% safe, but there are steps you can take to protect against
take to protect against misconfigured devices spraying packets, misconfigured devices spraying packets, casual intruders, and a
casual intruders, and a variety of focused assaults. variety of focused assaults.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
Your best defense is to educate yourself on the subject of Your best defense is to educate yourself on the subject of
security. There are places on the net devoted to teaching users security. There are places on the net devoted to teaching users
about security - most prominently, the CERT Coordination Center about security - most prominently, the CERT Coordination Center
located at the Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon located at the Software Engineering Institute at Carnegie Mellon
University. You can point your web browser (or direct your ftp university. You can point your web browser (or direct your ftp
connection) to connection) to ftp://info.cert.org/pub/cert_faq to start. This is a
frequently asked questions guide and general overview on CERT. It
ftp://info.cert.org/pub/cert_faq includes a bibliography of suggested reading and a variety of sources
to find more information.
to start. This is a frequently asked questions guide and general
overview on CERT. It includes a bibliography of suggested reading
and a variety of sources to find more information.
Next, you should probably read Next, you should probably read
ftp://info.cert.org/pub/tech_tips/security_info ftp://info.cert.org/pub/tech_tips/security_info
which contains a (primarily based on the UNIX operating system) which contains a (primarily based on the UNIX operating system)
checklist to help you determine whether you're site has suffered a checklist to help you determine whether you're site has suffered a
security breach. You can use it to guide you through handling a security breach. You can use it to guide you through handling a
specific incident if you think your system has been compromised or specific incident if you think your system has been compromised or
you can use it as a list of common vulnerabilities. CERT also you can use it as a list of common vulnerabilities. CERT also
maintains a wide variety of bulletins, software patches, and tools maintains a wide variety of bulletins, software patches, and tools to
to help you keep up to date and secure. help you keep up to date and secure.
Before you are even online, you should consider some basic steps: Before you are even online, you should consider some basic steps:
10.1 Formulate a security policy. 10.1 Formulate a security policy.
It should include policies regarding physical access procedures, It should include policies regarding physical access procedures,
security incident response, online privileges and back-up media. security incident response, online privileges and back-up media. Put
Put a message at the login to establish your policy clearly. a message at the login to establish your policy clearly.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
An example: An example:
"This system is for the use of authorized users only. It may be "This system is for the use of authorized users only. It may be
monitored in the course of routine operation to detect monitored in the course of routine operation to detect unauthorized
unauthorized use. Evidence of unauthorized use or criminal use. Evidence of unauthorized use or criminal activity may result in
activity may result in legal prosecution." legal prosecution."
10.1.1. Talk to your Internet Service Provider. 10.1.1. Talk to your Internet Service Provider.
Depending upon your provider and router management situation, Depending upon your provider and router management situation, there
there are a number of things your ISP should be able to do for you are a number of things your ISP should be able to do for you to make
to make your site more secure. Foremost, packet filtering on the your site more secure. Foremost, packet filtering on the router that
router that connects you to the internet. You will want to connects you to the internet. You will want to consider IP filters
consider IP filters to allow specific types of traffic (web, ftp, to allow specific types of traffic (web, ftp, mail, etc.) to certain
mail, etc.) to certain machines (the mailhost, the web server, machines (the mailhost, the web server, etc.) and no others. Other
etc.) and no others. Other filters can block certain types of IP filters can block certain types of IP spoofing where the intruder
spoofing where the intruder masks his or her identity using an IP masks his or her identity using an IP address from inside your
address from inside your network to defeat your filters. Discuss network to defeat your filters. Discuss your concerns and questions
your concerns and questions with your provider - the company may with your provider - the company may have standards or tools they can
have standards or tools they can recommend. recommend.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
10.1.2. Make sure your systems are up to date. 10.1.2. Make sure your systems are up to date.
A significant number of incidents happen because older versions of A significant number of incidents happen because older versions of
software have well-known weaknesses that can be exploited from software have well-known weaknesses that can be exploited from almost
almost anywhere on the internet. CERT provides a depository for anywhere on the internet. CERT provides a depository for software
software patches designed by concerned net.citizens, CERT's patches designed by concerned net.citizens, CERT's engineers and by
engineers and by the vendors themselves. the vendors themselves.
10.1.3. Use the tools available. 10.1.3. Use the tools available.
Consider recording MD5 checksums on read-only media (the MD5 Consider recording MD5 checksums on read-only media (the MD5-digest
message-digest algorithm determines an electronic "fingerprint" algorithm determines an electronic "fingerprint" for files to
for files to indicate their uniqueness -comparing more recent indicate their uniqueness -comparing more recent checksums to older
checksums to older ones can alert you to changes in important ones can alert you to changes in important system files), installing
system files), installing tripwire on your systems (notes size and tripwire on your systems (notes size and MD5 checksum changes, among
MD5 checksum changes, among other sanity checks), and periodically other sanity checks), and periodically testing the integrity of your
testing the integrity of your machines with programs an intruder machines with programs an intruder might use, like SATAN and crack.
might use, like SATAN and crack. [Details on MD5 are contained in [Details on MD5 are contained in RFC 1321.]
RFC 1321.]
Most files and fixes go through the basics before leaving you to Most files and fixes go through the basics before leaving you to
figure things out on your own, but security can be a complicated figure things out on your own, but security can be a complicated
issue, both technically and morally. When good security is issue, both technically and morally. When good security is
implemented, no one really notices. Unfortunately, no one notices implemented, no one really notices. Unfortunately, no one notices
when it's not taken care of either. That is until the system when it's not taken care of either. That is until the system
crashes, your data gets corrupted, or you get a phone call from an crashes, your data gets corrupted, or you get a phone call from an
irate company whose site was cracked from your machines. It irate company whose site was cracked from your machines. It doesn't
doesn't matter if you carry only public information. It doesn't matter if you carry only public information. It doesn't matter if
matter if you think you're too small or unimportant to be noticed.
No one is too small or too big, no site is immune. Take
precautions and be prepared.
11. Acknowledgements INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
you think you're too small or unimportant to be noticed. No one is
too small or too big, no site is immune. Take precautions and be
prepared.
11. Acknowledgments
Joseph Aiuto Joseph Aiuto
Michael Century Michael Century
Kelly Cooper Kelly Cooper
Lile Elam Lile Elam
Dan Harrington Dan Harrington
Julie Jensen Julie Jensen
Walter Stickle Walter Stickle
12. Authors' Address 12. Authors' Address
Janet Max Janet Max
jlm@rainfarm.com jlm@rainfarm.com
Scott Stoner Scott Stoner
stoner@artsedge.kennedy-center.org stoner@artsedge.kennedy-center.org
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
Appendix A. Appendix A.
++humanities computing projects, research projects, ++humanities computing projects, research projects,
++text encoding project (michael century) need to maintain perspective ++text encoding project (michael century) need to maintain perspective
++of the historic art archives and the "current" art in culture ++of the historic art archives and the "current" art in culture
++AHIB? Marty Harris, Susan Sigfried NIDGE? ++AHIB? Marty Harris, Susan Sigfried NIDGE?
Examples of Projects on the Internet of Interest to the Arts and Examples of Projects on the Internet of Interest to the Arts and
Humanities Communities Humanities Communities
The commonplace insight about the web as a new distribution The commonplace insight about the web as a new distribution
channel for cultural products is that it effaces the traditional channel for cultural products is that it effaces the traditional
border between producer and consumer. Publishers exploit two-way border between producer and consumer. Publishers exploit two-way
interactivity by re-designing the editorial mix to include reader interactivity by re-designing the editorial mix to include reader
response. Here follows some examples of the way creative artists response. Here follows some examples of the way creative artists
attempt to design structures flexible enough for significant attempt to design structures flexible enough for significant viewer
viewer input. input.
RENGA (http://renga.ntticc.or.jp) - An inspired transposition of a RENGA (http://renga.ntticc.or.jp) - An inspired transposition of a
traditional collaborative writing practice into the realm of traditional collaborative writing practice into the realm of digital
digital media supported by the NTT InterCommunication Centre in media supported by the NTT InterCommunication Centre in Tokyo. Renga
Tokyo. Renga means linked-image or linked-poem, and draws on the means linked-image or linked-poem, and draws on the Japanese
Japanese tradition of collaboration which effaces the unique tradition of collaboration which effaces the unique notion of
notion of original author. original author.
PING (http://www.artcom.de/ping/mapper) - by Art+Com, a Berlin PING (http://www.artcom.de/ping/mapper) - by Art+Com, a Berlin
based media centre and thinktank. Art+Com is a leader in based media centre and thinktank. Art+Com is a leader in producing
producing high-end net visualization projects. Ping lets the
browser add a link, which then becomes a part of the ongoing INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
visual structure. It is similar, in this sense, to the Toronto
Centre for Landscape Architecture's OASIS site. high-end net visualization projects. Ping lets the browser add a
link, which then becomes a part of the ongoing visual structure. It
is similar, in this sense, to the Toronto Centre for Landscape
Architecture's OASIS site.
Art+Com's T-Vision project (http://www.artcom.de/projects/terra) Art+Com's T-Vision project (http://www.artcom.de/projects/terra)
which uses satellites and networked VR computers to permit an which uses satellites and networked VR computers to permit an
astonishing fly-in to earth from space: acclaimed as one of the astonishing fly-in to earth from space: acclaimed as one of the most
most imaginative realizations of the potential of networked imaginative realizations of the potential of networked computing.
computing.
OASIS (http://www.clr.toronto.edu/PROJECTS/Oasis/Oasis1.html) OASIS(Image)INTERNET-DRAFT Toronto Centre for Landscape
Toronto Centre for Landscape Architecture's OASIS site requires a Architecture's OASIS site requires a specialized browser, but from a
specialized browser, but from a standard Netscape connection, you standard Netscape connection, you can view stills that give a sense
can view stills that give a sense of the beautiful images produced of the beautiful images produced by the collaborative "design
by the collaborative "design process". It is introduced by its process". It is introduced by its designers as follows:
designers as follows:
Oasis is a shared 3-Dimensional navigational environment for the Oasis is a shared 3-Dimensional navigational environment for the
world wide web. This virtual landscape allows one to bury their world wide web. This virtual landscape allows one to bury their own
own information links throughout the terrain or to discover and information links throughout the terrain or to discover and connect
connect to new information left by others. to new information left by others.
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
TechnoSphere (http://www.lond-inst.ac.uk/TechnoSphere/) TechnoSphere (http://www.lond-inst.ac.uk/TechnoSphere/) Is
Is TechnoSphere a Game? TechnoSphere a Game?
Yes and no. It's an experiment on a global scale, a chance to Yes and no. It's an experiment on a global scale, a chance to
develop complex artificial life on digital networks. TechnoSphere develop complex artificial life on digital networks. TechnoSphere is
is interactive like a game, but transgresses the linear boundaries interactive like a game, but transgresses the linear boundaries of
of branching and hierarchical games narrative to enable freer branching and hierarchical games narrative to enable freer movement.
movement. TechnoSphere is designed to encourage a non-linear TechnoSphere is designed to encourage a non-linear experiential
experiental exploration. exploration.
Body Missing (http://yorku.ca/BodyMissing/index.html) Body Missing (http://yorku.ca/BodyMissing/index.html)
Toronto artist Vera Frenkel created this richly evocative site on Toronto artist Vera Frenkel created this richly evocative site on
the disappearance of art and memory as an extension of her Transit the disappearance of art and memory as an extension of her Transit
Bar installation. It is conceived as a site open to new Bar installation. It is conceived as a site open to new
'reconstructions' of the artworks confiscated during the Third 'reconstructions' of the artworks confiscated during the Third Reich.
Reich. First opened to the public as part of the ISEA95 First opened to the public as part of the ISEA95 exhibition in
exhibition in Montreal, it has since earned widespread critical Montreal, it has since earned widespread critical comment and praise.
comment and praise.
Molecular Clinic 1.0 Molecular Clinic 1.0
(http://sc_web.cnds.canon.co.jp/molecular_clinic/artlab_bionet) (http://sc_web.cnds.canon.co.jp/molecular_clinic/artlab_bionet)
Molecular Clinic 1.0 ' is an art project realized through a Molecular Clinic 1.0 ' is an art project realized through a
collaboration between ARTLAB and Seiko Mikami, and is one of the collaboration between ARTLAB and Seiko Mikami, and is one of the most
most elaborate custom designed art projets yet created for the elaborate custom designed art projects yet created for the Web.
Web. During their initial visit users should download the During their initial visit users should download the MOLECULAR ENGINE
MOLECULAR ENGINE VIEWER, which is a type of molecular laboratory VIEWER, which is a type of molecular laboratory for their computer.
for their computer. What they will see on the web site after this What they will see on the web site after this initial download is a
initial download is a virtual space containing a three dimensional
computer generated Spider and Monolith object. The user will be INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
able to navigate through and into this virtual space and can zoom
into the spider all the way to the molecular level. virtual space containing a three dimensional computer generated
Spider and Monolith object. The user will be able to navigate
through and into this virtual space and can zoom into the spider all
the way to the molecular level.
File Room (http://fileroom.aaup.uic.edu/FILEROOM.html) - File Room (http://fileroom.aaup.uic.edu/FILEROOM.html) -
Cumulative database info on Censorship, hosted in Chicago but Cumulative database info on Censorship, hosted in Chicago but
conceived by Spanish artist Antoni Muntadas. conceived by Spanish artist Antoni Muntadas.
Idea Futures (http://if.arc.ab.ca/~jamesm/IF/IF.html) - Idea Futures (http://if.arc.ab.ca/~jamesm/IF/IF.html) -
Winner of the grand prize at the 1995 Ars Electronica competition Winner of the grand prize at the 1995 Ars Electronica competition
for Web Sites, Idea Futures is a stock market of ideas, based on for Web Sites, Idea Futures is a stock market of ideas, based on the
the theories of mathematical economist Robin Hanson. The 'truth' theories of mathematical economist Robin Hanson. The 'truth' of any
of any claim is assigned a weight calculated by the amount of claim is assigned a weight calculated by the amount of virtual cash
virtual cash which members of the exchange are willing to bet. which members of the exchange are willing to bet. The scheme leads
The scheme leads might lead toward a radical democratization of might lead toward a radical democratization of academic discourse,
academic discourse, but just as easily, toward the trivialization but just as easily, toward the trivialization of thought. See the
of thought. See the following for a philosophical critique of the following for a philosophical critique of the system.
system. (http://merzbau.citi.doc.ca/~henry/Matrix/Erewhon.html) (http://merzbau.citi.doc.ca/~henry/Matrix/Erewhon.html)
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
Firefly (http://www.agents-inc.com/) also a prize winner at Ars Firefly (http://www.agents-inc.com/) also a prize winner at Ars
Electronica in 1995, Firefly is an prototypical example of what Electronica in 1995, Firefly is an prototypical example of what
enthsiasts call a "personal music recommendation agent", which enthusiasts call a "personal music recommendation agent", which makes
makes suggestions for what you might like to listen to, based on a suggestions for what you might like to listen to, based on a stored
stored profile of your own likes and dislikes, and the evolving profile of your own likes and dislikes, and the evolving ratings
ratings submitted to the system by other members. Worth visiting, submitted to the system by other members. Worth visiting, if only to
if only to understand what all the fashionable hype about understand what all the fashionable hype about 'intelligent agents'
'intelligent agents' is all about; skeptics should know that even is all about; skeptics should know that even the promoters of these
the promoters of these services admit the circularity of their services admit the circularity of their systems: they're capable of
systems: they're capable of reinforcing existing taste, but little reinforcing existing taste, but little else.
else.
Appendix B: Some other URL's of interest Appendix B: Some other URL's of interest
Arts on the Net Arts on the Net
http://www.art.net/Welcome.html http://www.art.net/Welcome.html
Artist Memorials(?) Artist Memorials
http://www.cascade.net/kahlo.html http://www.cascade.net/kahlo.html
Writers Writers
http://the-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/ http://the-tech.mit.edu/Shakespeare/
http://www.rain.org/~da5e/tom_robbins.html http://www.rain.org/~da5e/tom_robbins.html
Photography Photography
http://www.nyip.com/ http://www.nyip.com/
Personal Journals Personal Journals
http://grateful.dead.net/RobertHunterArchive.html http://grateful.dead.net/RobertHunterArchive.html
http://www.cjnetworks.com/~jessa/ http://www.cjnetworks.com/~jessa/
Musical Groups Musical Groups
http://www.dead.net (Grateful Dead) http://www.dead.net (Grateful Dead)
http://www.netspace.org/phish/ (Phish) http://www.netspace.org/phish/ (Phish)
INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet INTERNET-DRAFT Sharing Center Stage on the Internet
Appendix C: Appendix C:
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